Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.) /
May 28, 1822, edition 1 /
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S.lltlSlWIlVt, TJ"ESB&', MAX 28, 1322.
AXD PriJLISIIKD, i:Vr.ItV TVESII1T,
Br 1JINGIIAM c WIIITK.
The subscription to the Whiter?. C vr.fiiyiAx
h 7r; Dollars per annum, payufclc hall-yearly
Z3 No paper will be discontinued until all
arrearages arc paid, unless at the discretion tf
the Editors ; and any subscriber failing" to give
notice of his wish to discontinue at the end of a
ear, will he considered as wishing1 to continue
the paper, which will be sent accordingly.
Whoever will become responsible for the
payment of nine papers, shall receive a tenth
AnYEHTisr.MEXTs will .jc inserted on the cus
tomary terms. iersons sending in Adver
tisements, must specify the number of times they
vrish them inserted, or they will be continued till
crdercd out, and charged accordingly.
No advertisement inserted until it has been
paid for, or its payment assumed by some person
in this town, or its vicinity.
C3A11 letters to the editors must be post-paid
or they will not be attended to.
UUKK County, is now open for the rccep
ticn of Scholars, under the patronage of a
respectable Hoard of Trustees. The mode of
instruction pursued is the result of much atten
tion and experience, and eminently calculated to
fit young gentlemen nnd ladies for the active
duties of life, and to prepare students successful
ly to pursue their collegiate studies.
Lectures in an easy, familiar sHlc, are given
three or four times a week, on Language, His
tory, Iihctoric, or Moral, Intellectual, National,
or Political Philosophy.
Great attention is paid to reading, speaking,
writing, and pronouncing the English language
with correctness arid elegance, and to the man
ners and morals of the pupils ; and every thing
done to promote their happiness and. improve
ment. Tuition 2) per annum, and boird on
the most reasonable terms. The village is pleas
ant and healthy.
JFrencli and' Italian will be taught grammati
cally, if requested.
April 15, 1822.- SmtllO
ASEMINAHV for the instruction of youth
was opened at this place on the loth instant.
Classes for instruction in Spelling, Heading and
"Writing, $2 50 cents per quarter ; Arithmetic,
Geography and Geometry, Per quarter;
Khetoric, Logic, and Ethics, Pe quarter ;
Natural I'hilosophy, Astronomy and the Latin
Language, per quarter. English grammar,
elocution and composition, will be taught each
student who can read and write, and no ctra
charge made. Should health permit, this insti
tution will be permanent. Patronage from this
and adjoining counties, and at a distance, is con-
fidently solicited and expected. Mild though
prompt government will be used, and each pu-
pil's taste, disposition and talent, diligently stud
ied. . Lax government has pro veil mischievous,
from ignorance in this matter ; and energy be
come tyranny by attempting to force nature,
iloral and religious instruction on the Sabbath,
and during the w eek, will form part of the plan
proposed." This place and the neighborhood,
are indeed healthy ';. and board can be had on
moderate terms. Three or four little boys will
be rcceh cd as boarders, bv
13ENJ. 1). HOUNSAVILLE,
2i incipul f the Seminar;.
Lexington, V. C. April, 1822. 9fJtlO-l
SUii o! Voi"U-Viavoiiia,
C10UKT of rlcasand Uuartcr Sessions, March
J Term, 1322 lohn Thompson, vs. I)aid
Evans (). Alt. It appearing to the satisfaction
cf hc court, that the defendant, David Evans,
jesules beyond t!ie limits of this state ; it was
herefre ordered, that publication be made in
the Western Carolinian for three months, that
unless he, the said David Evans makes his ap
pearance, at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter
Sessions, to be held for said county, at Morgan
ton, on tiie fourth Monday in July next, then and
there to replevy or plead to issue, judgment will
Le taken fu the plaintiff's demand aaiii.st him.
Attest, .1. Eli WIN, Cltrk.
5mtl09 1'rlce adv. ; 50.
SURRY COl. X ! Y.
ITERIOtt Court of Law, March term, 1&22.
i$ William lturch, vs. Nancy Uurch Petition
tor divorce. It appearing to tlie satisfaction of
tike court, that the defendant in this case resides
-without the limits of the state, it is therefore or
dretl, that publication be made in the Western
Carolinian for three months, that the defendant
appear at the next Superior Court of Law to be
held for the county of Surry, at the Couit-House
in liockford, on the first Monday' in September
next, and plead, answer or demur to said peti
tion, other-vise the petition will be heard ex-
parte, and judgment awarded accoruingry.
"Test, J. WILLIAMS, Jr. C.S. C.
3mtlQ9 I'ricc adv. S 5
Stale, i? y1-OvyihYuva,
OUrCTV Court of I'ieas and Quarter Sessions,
J April Term, A. D. lb22....retc r Forney r.v.
Christian Ihjinhar.lt Original attachment, lev
ied cvu six iiegroes ami sumlry articles of person
al property. It appearing to the satisfaction of
the court, that Christian Ke'mhardt, the defend
ant, is not an inhabitant of this state It is there
fore ordf red bv court, that he appear at the next
count v court of lJhas and Quarter Sessions, to
be held tor Lincoln county, at the Con rt-I louse
in Lincolnton, on the third Monday in July next,
replevy and plead to issue, or judgment by de
fault final will be entered up against him. Or
dered, by court, that publication hereof be made
three moutir successively in the Western Ca.ro-
VAKDKV yVULV, C. C.
VsvUvaVAc IaivuAs l'o Sale.
TflllE subscriber, wishing to remove to the
A western country, will oiler for sale, at pub
lic vendue, on Tuesday, the 16th of July next,
that valuable tract of land in IJurkc county,
whereon he now live, containing 10'JO acres, sit
uated 12 miles from Morgantnn, on the main
road leading from the latter place across the
Lynville and Yellow Mountains to Jonesborough
in E. Tennessee. There is a good dwelling
house with an cn-closcd yard and garden, a barn,
stables, cribs, negro cabins-, and other out-houses,
all in good repair. This tract lying on Lynville
river alfords a large proportion of Hat land, a
sufficiency of which is cleared and under good
fence; the soil being fertile, will easily afford
the means of still further improvement; it is well
adapted to the culture cf wheat, rye, corn, bar
ley, oats, &.c. This firm also affiirds a good dis
tillery, is well watered, and abound with excel
lent timber. As a stock farm, besides the abun
dant products of food and forage, it has the ad
vantage of lying" convenient to an excellent sum
mer range. In short, its local advantages are
great Thesr?, together with the uncommon sa
lubrity of its situation, make it a most desirable
scat for a country residence. The terms of sale
will be made as easy as possible, by giving every
reasonable indulgence to the purchaser.
The suhf.riber, as agent, will also ofTer for
sale, at the sumo time, at a credit of twelve
months, all the lands 1 ing in the county of Uurke
belonging to the estate of Col. .Tolm M'Gimscv,
deceased, viz : One tract of land, including sev-i
eral survevs. Iviny on the waters oi Paddy's
Creek, and containing 1000 acres, more or less;
whereon there is a good Grist Mill, well suppli
ed with custom. It consists cf uplands of a
pretty good quality, is well timbered, and will
admit of several settlements. It will be sold al
together, or in parcels, as may best biiit the pur
chasers. Also, several other tracts, situated in
different parts of the mountains, snd valuable on
account of the range. Houd, with approved se
curity, will be required in all cases. The terms
will be more fully made known on the day of
sale, when due attendance will be given on the
premises, by the subscriber.
W.M. M'GIMSEY, Agent
f:v the U'lva of Col. J.M'lUni.-a'i', dee'd.
.Morgan tin, .I'ni! 1 3, l'JvtlJ
N. . Any person wishing to purchase pri
vately, can do so by applying any time before
the ilav of sale.
r) AN AWAY frr.m the ubscribor, near Char
& lotte. on Sunday night, the 2Slh inst. FOUR
NEGiiOES, a : Tom, Tnr, Tod, and H ashing
ion. Tom is about .0.3 years of age, modest and
cute. Tone is about l.J ears oLI, dark colored,
and out mouthed. Tob is not quite so dark, but
thick made, and appears stubborn. Washington
is about 10 years old, and down-cast look. Tom
took with him a pair of buck-skin trowscrs, and
a drab ureat-coat. The boys had one mixed
coat, and one of red and blue homespun ; two
pair of new shoes, two new wcol hats, and two
or three pair of other shoes. They also took
with them one riHe gun, without a box,- aiura
half stocked shot gun, and screw-driver, with a
buck-horn handle. To any person that will ap-
preiicn(i tiC above negroes and lc them
am- x so that I jretthc'in a -.fain, I will pav Fo
jfllvt . or tw enty dollars for Tom alone, a
ten dollars for Tone, and live dollars lor each of
the boys. ZEXAS ALEXANDER.
Meckleubifig Co. .". C.
April 29, 1S22.
r"lIIE subscribers have in their possession for
i sale, a new pannel Gig, made in New-York,
which will be disposed or" on reasonable terms.
If ANDOLl'lI & YOUNG.
SalMttry, Match 18. 1822. X
IVwlv-YmY<tU Wus inuss .
TlHE subscriber rc,sj)ectfully informs the citi
JL zen? of the Western section of N. Carolina
ami the adjoining districts of S. Carolina, that he
has established the lio'jL-Hinding I!itsincsx,n all
of its various branches, in the town of Salisbury,
N. C. lie has taken the store formerly occupied
by Wood K rider, on Main-street, three doors
E. N. E. from the Court-I louse.
Having devoted considerable time to acquire
a competent knowledge of his business, in the
city of Ilaltimore, the subscriber ilatters himself
that he will b; ablj to execute every kind of
work in his line, in a style a.id on terms that will
Merchants and others, can have Jilanh Hooka
ruled and bound to any pattern, on short notice,
as cheap and as well finished as any that can be
brought from the North.
Old Hooks rebound on the most reasonable
terms, and at snort notice.
Orders from a distance, for linding of every
description, will be fuithfullv attended to.
WILLIAM H. YOUNG.
SaKshur", Jane 3, 1S21. o
riIIL subscriber has taken the House lately
H occupied by Mr. Thomas Holton, sign of
the Laglc, east of the Court-I louse, Salisbury,
X. C. where he has opened a Jfonse of Enter
tainment, for the accommodation of travellers and
citizens. The house is large and commodious ;
the stables are convenient, and will at all times
be well supplied with grain and fodder.
As the subscriber h s taken pains to provide
eveiy thing necessary for the comfort and ac
commodation of all who nr.ay be pleased to visit
hs house, he hopes he will be able to give gen
A few boarders, by the week, month, or year,
will be taken on the usual terms. 8wtl03
April 4, 1822. JOHN HOLMKS.
T"& AX away from the subscriber, at Charlotte,
I Mecklenburg county, X. Carolina, a Negro
Hoy bv the name of SIMOX; dark complexion,
stout made, and live feet seven or eight inches
high. lie speaks low when spoken to. It is
supposed that he will make towards the county
ot 1'nnce M ilham, Virginia, as he v. as purcnast d
in that county. I wili give the above reward it
the said negro is delivered to Isaac Wilie, Con
cord, Cabarrus county, or 25 dollars if secured in
any jail, and information given, so that 1 get him
Jlarch 24, 1821.,
jj UST opening and for sale, at the Store of the
subscriber, viz" : Blue and black ISroadcloth,
very cheap ; do. common, various colors ; Cassi-
meres, of diflerent colors; black and colored
Canton Crapes ; IJombazettes and black Velvets ;
Silks, and bilk Shawls, of every description;
Cambric and Robes, lor ladies' dresses ; Domes
tie Cloth, of the best quality ; Hats, Iionnets, and
bhoes, a complete assortment ; besides numer
ous other articles. Also, Powder, shot, and load ;
best gunpowder tea, and chocolate ; Writing
Paper and School Books, &c. &.C.
In addition to the above, a good supply of
UttdCEHIES, Ztc. such as brown and loat Su
gar, Cottee, and Pepper ; Copperas : Dutch and
English Scythes; patent hoes; Hard-Hare, of
various kinds; J).ff and China Ware, See. All
of which will be sold very low for cash.
Salisbury, April 8, 1822 J6tf
OF the Students of the Salisbury Academics,
will commence on Tuesday, the 11th, and
close on Friday, the 14h of June. Parents and
guardians are respectfully invited to attend.
'IHOS. L. COWAN, Secrctnru.
May 1-1, 1SJ2.
BY a decree of the Court of Equity, made at
April term, 1X22, I will expose to Public
Sale, at the Court-! louse in Salisburv, on Mon
thly, the 10th of June next, lots No. 17 and IS, j
in the great north square ot the town oi Sahs- amined, and the balance of public mo
bury on winch there are iinnrovcincnts ; anc: - he , j f h j j
ltt X o vh 'in.! ., in a:ri town, i n itim. ! -
ved." Also' two tracts or parcels cf land, lying
and being in the county of Rowan, to wit : one
of three hundred acres, lying on the wafers ot'
Flat Swamp Creek, and one of a hundred acres,
ling on the top of a mountain, called little
mountain, near to the I 'lat Swamp Springs, be
longing to the heirs at l.iv of Evan Alexander,
deceased. A credit of twelve and eighteen
months will be given. Bonds, with approved
securities, will be required.
GEO. LOCKE, C.M.IZ.
April 30, 1822. IwtlO t
TEXT away, on the night of the 23th uU.
v from tJie subscriber, near Charlotte, Meck
lenburg county, N. C. a negro n an by the name
of lT.Y'I OX of a dark complexion, rather J
spare made, about six ieet high, thirty-three or
four years ot age ; w hen spoken to he speaks
quick and rather abruptly ; I believe he is defec
tive in one of his arms, sa that he carrot casily
raise it above his head. He hid w hen he left
me a very good great coat of drab colored Hush
ing, a pretty good wool hat, a new and large
pair of yellow colored cotton pantaloon, and
some other indifferent clothing, but no close
bodied coat. It is probable he will make to
wards Richmond, Ya. where I purchased him
last fall. I will give the above reward to anv
person who w ill apprehend and secure the said
and give information so that I sret hiu
U'iUvfs Mill, April 2, 1822. 3v. tl03i
TjlOIJ the purpose of building a Male and Fe
J male Academy in Charlotte, X. C. Fropo-
sals will be received by cither of the undersign
ed, until the last Wednesday in Mar, for nvikh
and delivering at the place of building, as soon i
as practicable, two hundred thousand well made pears by the documents before the
ami burnt brick, of the usual size. Persons ; Committee, he received a sum amount
making proposals will say how soon they will i . i n i i i i
undertake to deliver the brick. j lo the allowance which has been
JOHN IRWLV, established since the year 1817. That
OIJ I . I. DINKIXS, tUe nrinninnl inducement to nermit the
JZy The Trustees of the Charlotte Male and
female Academy arc notif od to meet at Char
lote on the last Wednesday in May.
SUPF.1MOU Court of Law, April Term, 183:....
Ruth Harris vs. John Harris It appearing
to the court, by return of two subpoenas, that
said John Harris is not to be tound in the coun-
w, ana tne requisition ci tne act in omer respects
iiaMiig oeen compueu wiin, it is omerco, o me
court, that publication be made three months m
the Western Carolinian and Raleigh Star, for the
said John Harris to appear at the next Superior
Court, to be held for the county of Rowan, to
answer this petition, otherwise it will be he. -d
ex pari e. Leave is given to the petitioner to ex
amine testimony without giving notice to the
defendant ; it appearing to the court that he has
absconded and gone without the limits of the
slate, to parts unknown.
Witness Alex. Frohock, Clerk of the Rowan
Superior Court, at office.
3mtll ALFA". FiiOHOCK, C. S. C.
n uiij suusi.iiu(.i i uuj niiui ilia
"H u thf ritiyen nf S.difihurv :rw! tbr
, i.S. adjacent country, that he has removed
horn Ins Iaresidence on the north side of the
Yadkin river; on the main road leading from
Salem to Danville, 15 miles from Salisbury, and
has taken the house formerly occupied by Capt.
Ja. K rider, in town, on Main street, a few doors
north of the Court-House ; where he is prepared
to keep a Ifjtise of l'rivate Entertainment for
Travellers and citizens. lie will at all times
furnish Stabling, Fodder and Grain for Horses.
Salisbury, Sept. 25, 1S21. 78
X. 15. Eight or ten HOARDERS will be taken,
at the customary prices in town.
rnilL subscriber having made tlie necessary
JL arrangements for carrying on the Baking
! Easiness, will keep on hand a constant supply cf
Bread, CJrac.kcrs and Cakes
cf every description, as well as the various
articles usually kept in a Confectionary store ;
all of which he will dispose of on very reasonable
terms. THOMAS HOLMES.
SaUtbvri- 71 . 18. 121.
rilOM THE XiTJOXAL ISTELLICESCElt.
IianvV Ofticc lixaminivtions.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
xaiicii 29, 1822.
Mr. McLanc, from a Select Committee, deliv
ered in the follow ing Report, which w as read,
and ordered to lie on the table :
The Committee, to whom was refer
red the several communications from
the Secretary of the Treasury, of the
23th January,aud 18th February, 1S22,
in obedience to several resolutions of
the House of Representatives of the
4th January, and February, 1822,
respecting the manner in which the
several Land Offices have been exam
ined, by whom examined, and the mo
ney paid for such examination, &c. ;
having examined the subject submit
ted to them with great deliberation,
make the following Report :
That, bv the laws of the United
States, it is made u the duty of the Se
cretary of the Treasury to cause, at
least once every year, the books of the
officers of the Land Offices to be ex-
: -TS of public moneys of the said offi-
cos j to he ascertained. 1 hat, pre
vious to the year 1816, this examina
tion had been made by persons resid
ing in the vicinity of the respective of
fices ; but, in progress ot time, the
augmentation in the receipts of these
offices rendered more information ne
cessary, and gave an importance to the
examination, which it had not pre
viously possessed. These circumstan
ces proved the inadequacy of the old
s)-stern, and, in IS 16, induced the late
a! r. Dallas, then Secretary of the Trea
sury, to direct the examination to be
made by one of the clerks of the Gen
eral Land Office, who was also permit
ted to make a similar examination in
1S1T; and received for his services, in
each year, at the rate of 3 dollars per
day, in addition to his salary as clerk.
That, since the year 1817, the exami
nation has been made by persons dis
connected with the Department, and
who have received for their services at
the rate of 56 per day, and S6 for eve
ry 20 miles travel.
That, in the year 1821, Jesse 13.
Thomas, Esc. a Senator of the United
States, from Illinois, was permitted by
the Secretary of the Treasury to ex
amine the offices in Ohio, Indiana, Il
linois, and Missouri, for which, as ap-
. ' rT, V
said .Jesse n. i nomas 10 maKe me ex-
animation, as stated by the Secretary
of the Treasury, appears to have been
an expectation that he would be ena
bled to secure to the United States a
Irge amount cf public money in the
Bank of Vincennes at the time that
bank stopped payment, which service
he performed, and for which he has
not received or demanded any compen
sation. Although the committee consider
the duty of suggesting or recommend
ing any alteration in the mode of ex
amining the land offices, to be properly
within the province of the Committee
on Public Lands, to whom this part of
the subject naturally refers itself, they
are nevertheless free to dechire it as
their opinion, that the public interest
does not require any change in the
mode which has been pursued since
the year 1817.
The Committee presume, however,
that this was the least important object
of the reference of the subject to
them ; and that the design principally
was, that they should consider and re
port upon the effect of permitting Jes
se B. Thomas, Esq. a Senator of the
United States, to examine the said of
fices, in 1821, in which it has been
supposed that both the constitution of
the United States, and the act of Con
gress " concerning contracts," passed
the 21st of April, 1808, have been vi
olated. Although the Committee freely ad
mit the power and jurisdiction of the
House of Representatives to guard the
purity of our institutions from viola
tions, which it is the peculiar province
of Congress or of the people to pun
ish or remedy ; they cannot recognize
either its justice or dignity, in conduct
ing ex parte investigations into breach
es of. highly penal statutes, and the
' ommission of misdemeanors amena
ble by the la vs to a different tribunal.
Such precedents might lead, in worse
times, to consequences of a ruinous
and most troublesc me character. They
might be used to authorize Congress
to become the expositors of their own
laws, or improperly to throw the weight
of their opinion into the deliberations
of the legitimate tribunals. They
would be very apt to be seized upon
to produce public excitement, and be
perverted to the purposes of ambitious
men and individual resentments.
At the same time, the committee
would not be understood as ascribing
the present investigation to such mo
tives, and, as well-oh this account, as
from a just sense of the policy of out
institutions, and the character of the
individuals concerned, they submit to
tlie House the general views which
they ure constrained to entertain.
The Committee are clearly of opin
ion that the examination of the land
offices by Jesse B. Thomas, Esq. was
not a violation cf the constitution of
the United States.
That instrument forbids the appoint
ment of members of Congress, during
the time for which they were elected,
to any civil office, created, or the emol
uments whereof shall have been in
creased, during that time ; and, dso,pre
vents any person holding an ofllce un
der government from being a member
ol Congress during his continuance in
olfu e. t
The object was to take from Con
gress the means or inducement of cre
ating place or emolument for them
selves, and thereby guard the rights
and interests of the people from the
encroachment of Executive power.
The committee are the advocates of
this policy, and would be the last to
weaken its influence in the government.
But the case of Mr. Thomas is clear
ly not within the words or the spirit of
the first, and if it could be considered
as embraced in the latter clause, his
appointment would, nevertheless, be
constitutional, since only the holding
incompatible offices at the same time
is prohibited, with which idea the dai
ly practice of the government, from its
organization, is in strict conformity.
In fact the Congress of the U. States
has hitherto been the theatre on which
the ablest men of our country has be
come distinguished for their virtue and
intelligence, and recommended them
selves to the highest honors and places
m the government. The same theatre
has matured their experience, and con
ducted our greatest statesmen to the
Executive and Judicial Departments
at home, and to foreign courts abroad
with equal advantage to the ornament
and real interests of the nation.
If, therefore, there could be such an
incompatibility as is imagined, it would
then resolve itself into the question,
whether Mr. Thomas, by accepting
the appointment, had vacated his seat
in the Senate, and with that body your
committee would, in that case, be dis
posed to leave it.
But, your committee are of opinion,
that the duty of examining the land of
fices is not such an office as was con
templated by the constitution of the
United States, which opinion seems to
have received the sanction, and regu
lated the practice, of the government
s'nee the adoption of the constitution,
by those who bore a principal share in
composing it ; and must, therefore, be
supposed to have understood its reaj
The committee refer to the appoint
ment of Mr. Tracy, a Senator or the
United States, bv President Adams,
in the vear 1S00. to inspect the posts
on the northern and northwestern fron
tier. Under the administration of
Mr. ,7efTcrsi-n, Mr. Dawson, a mem
ber of the House of Representatives,
from Virginia, was appointed as the
bearer of a treaty to France, and was
paid for performing the duty ; and
during the administration cf the same
President, Mr. Smith, a Senator from
Tennessee, was appointed a commis
sioner to ueat with the Indians, and
actually executed two treaties, under
this appointment. They also refer to
the instance, at a still more recent pe
riod, during the administration of
Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.)
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May 28, 1822, edition 1
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