41.9. The resolution submitted ytt
'terday by Mr. Fdwerdv of Connecticut
Inttrurtiiigan inquiry into the eipcJiency
of publishing, with the ind( la (be laws
i state went tf tht left, parti of sett, and
joint retluuon,of a public nature, wbk
re limited In their duration, specifying
Ihf time or contingency by which their
t Sf V. A
(juration it nmneaj wet again read, ana
reed to. .
Mr. Seymour submitted retotuiLn,
uthorlilng the Secretary of the Stoats
to employ o additional Clerk in bit of
fice, in the puce or tbt principal Uerk
during ludIitwUik w.:,:,"; " '
1 2..Mr. unman, from the com mil
itci on Post Office and Pont Koedt, reported
till to authorize the Postmaster General
to discontinue any pott route, the pro
. teed 01 which do not ticeed per
cr mum of the expenses thereof. 1 he
bill wet res 4 end patted, to 1J reedbr
Mr. Jackson, from the Committee on
Military Affairs, reported bill e plana
tnrv of an irt. entitled an act for the re
- - lief of ihe efficeii volunteers, and other
persons enjeegrd In the late campaign
gainst the Sminole Indians accotnpe
rifd hf a detailed report on the aubject
which report ordered lo bo printed,
ana me oiii iwice reeo.
Jan. 1 3 Mr. Ftndlay presented the
memorial of aundry pcraona concerned
In the manufacture of iron, praying an in
create of the duty on imported iron.
HOUSE OF REPULSE fATIVEJ.
Jan. Mr. Mcl.tne from the Com
mitiee of Waya anJ Meant, reported a
hill, authorizing the Commissioners of
the Sinking Fund lo purchase the 7 per
cent, stock of the United States in the
year IIJ4"whicjr wa committed to a
committee of the Whole house on the
atate of the Union. 's
Mr. McLane from the tame commit
tee, reported a bill authorizing the crea
tion of a atock, not exceeding five mil
lions o( dollars, to provide fr the award
of thi com mini inert uider the treaty
with Spain of 3 3d Feb. 1814.
Jan. 9. Mr. McLar.e, front the com
mittee of Waft and Mear.t, reported a
bill to authorize the eierutors of John II
MeSane to collect certain arreara of tit
in the county of Chatham, and State of
Nor'S Carolina, which waa twice read and
Jan. 13. A message waareceired from
the Prriitnt of the United States, in the
words fi r)inp
7 the Mtut Repmenialixf tf the U. Statet ;
In answer to a letnlution of the Houae
of Representatives, ol Dec. 24'h, reques
ting the Prraident or the United States
to lav htfxrt the House auch information
' at he may possets. nd which may be die
closed without injury to the public good,
relative to the determination ol any aove
reirn, or combination of sovereigns; 10
assist Spain in the subjugation of her la'e
colonies on the American continent ; ami
whether any government of Europe is
disposed or determined to oppose any aid
or assistance which such sovereign, or
combination of sovereigns, may afford to
Spain lor the subjugation of her lute -eolo-
niet above mentioned ; I have to at
hat I posses no ,nf--lun OI bat sub
Jrri - "-n 10 Congress, which can
be disclosed without injury to thejublic
good. JA1IRS M0XB0I
On motion of Mr. Fulier, it was
Benlveil, That the Committee on Naval Af-
1 fair be instructed to inquire into the expedien
cy of providing, by law, for the instruction of
Midshipmen, ana other warrant officers of the
favy, in inc iiucrvaia 01 puonc service, in nau
tical science, practical navigation, and marine
Mr. Mitchell, of Md. offered the fol
lowing joint resolution :
"Whereas, that distinguished champion of
. r i i .
our irccuoni anu ucru 01 our Kevoiuuon, me
friend and associate of Washington, the Marquis
de la Vayette, a volunteer jrenerat officer in our
devolution try war, has exprmsed an ansrous
desire to visit tli country, the independence of
which hit valor, blocHl, and treasure, were so
instrumental in arhievingf : Wherefore,
" Be it re$ohvd by the Senate tmJ limit f Re
preentativei of the United Stutet Ameriea in
Ctngnvi diiembled. That the President of the
t'nited Statu be requested to communicate to
the Marquis de la Fayette the expression of
those aentimenta of profound respect, jjratitude,
and affectionate attachment, which arc cherish.
r-:-:-irilafts htrii by the guvenimenf" and
peoph? of 'ta ronntryr nd trs atlre"liTiiT"nial
the. eiecuiion of his wish and intention to visit
this country will be hailed bv the people and
government ith patriotic pride anil joy.
-Jndbe it further retolved. That the Presi
lent of the United States be requested to ascer-
when it 'may be most agreeable for him to
perforin his visit ; ami that he offer to the Mar
quis a conveyance to this country in one of our
Jan. 13. The House went into a com
mittee ol the whole, Mr. Kent in the chair,
on the bill making a partial appropriation
for the aupport of Government for the
year 1824, (for the compensation of Sen
etors and Representatives,) which was
ordered to be engrossed for a third read
ing to day. -
Vermont, 27 cotton and woollen factories,
15 paper mills, 284 fuliinti mills,.. 250
carding mjchines, 380-grain tniih, 3?0
physicians. 224 lawyers, 235 churches,
1575 school bowses, and about 15.0 dUtil
Unet.'f 1 : . '
- yonr.ir.x m:th.
arw-ioai, ;w. I
Tapert Irom Oit.ralt.r lo the 36th No
vcmUf, have been received In this tlty
lb ay are destitute of itnpomnt news-
containing merely details of the atirrcn
dr t the dilfaranl iWtrcasaa lately held
by the Patriots, and long-winded account
pf the Htlriaii and arJrntly withe J jut
entrance of Ferdinand and hit let III
matt brood Into the Spanish Capital not
forgctiing ail the Bne things Ida MajaMy
said , In answer to 1'uczl tti Jbrno, (the
ambattutor of the Emperor Ale lander,)
who conftstutsted tilro, in the name of
hit mattcrt 6n hit restoration to despotic
I way. - Nor if it forgotten, how hit -Most
Catholic Majesty, to reward the autocrat's
aerDlJo. JUs kindness, cotu-rred ajpoe
Poazl di Iiorio the Order of the Golden
Fleece and how Ferdinand, with, hit own
moat aacred hands, decorated him with the
inalgoia of that order and many other
thingt, (no lediout to mention," equally
worthy ef the petticoat embroiderer" of
Spain. We are alto informed of the un
speakable joy of the inhabitant of Ma
t a a a
jorca, on the re-cttsoiutimeai among
them of tht bid order or things and we
ate a practical proof of Ferdinand' rreat
illection for bit tubjectt, In the eipaUioa
from Madrid of one hundred and thirty
five officer of the late Constitutional ar
my, seventeen Deputiea, ail Minutert.
three civil Governor, and one State
Couoellor,end many there convincing
teatimony, this, that he will bury in ob
avion the political fault $ or the ere it
matt of hit aubjecta at he s'i'he would,
in one of hit proclamationa. Under dte
of Berne, Oct. 39, we observe that the
King of Portueal and Spain, not bavinir
enough or " faithful men in their kin
domt to euird their preciout carcasses
have aent a request to Switzerland for a
troop of tolJiertt but the prudeh: Swiss.
not being too well satisfied that they would
receive regular py, would not grant the
boon, till a member of the HJv Alliance
gave bonds fur the payment of the mer
cenarics allowance. Patriot.
x.i test rnn.r evkopr.
CRARLttTOM. Jsr. 14,
The ahip Perfect, rapt. Prince, arrived
ast evening in 35 nays Irom Liverpool
brings Liverpool papers to the 6th, and
London paper to the 4th ultimo. 1 heir
contents are not very important. Those
articles of most iuterest are inserted this
The Cotton Market,"we are aerry to
observe, hat suffered a still further depres
'The King of England visited Drury
Ine Theatre on the 3d Dec. The throng
is said to have bean prodigious. Not
teat could be obtained, at an early hour
In the morning ; and the men who opened
the pit doors, had their lives insured, it is
said, at the expense of the Theatre.
- Several of the Paris paper hare an
nounced the election of General Jackson
a President of the United States III
It is dated that both the Mussulmans
and the Creeks wish that their (ontett
was at an end. Negropont, Bceoiia and
Attica do not furnish the Turkish tressu
ry with, more than a. million anl half
piastres, and it costs four mlllioni annual
ly to keep them in subjection.
Morillo haa not the least influence in
Spain, and Abisbal ha been refused per
mission te return to that country.
General Mina was received m Plym
nuth with the most enthusiastic applause.
On gtttinj into his carriage, the hortea
were- taken out, and it : was dragged he
the populace, amidst the loudtst buzzes,
and cries of " Mina forever,"" Brave Mr
na," through the town to the Roval Hotel.
So fewer than 8000 persons assembled
on the occasion.
A case has recently occurred in this city,
which aeema to call for the attention of
our magistrates, if not for legislative in
terference. A man, while before an Al
derman, in his office, swore 6ftr profane.
oaths. 1 he magistrate lined him, agree
ably toan act of the assembly, thirty three
dollars and fifty cents, which, aot being
able to pay, he was committed to prison
for twelve hundred hourt. The prisoner
was brought befbTes Cirfiunicirl'UglSh
man7 on irabeal Corpus" If "amearinK
on ; examination of The . migistra,e," that
the defendant had been convicted, on the
oath of the Informer, to whom ore half
of the penalty is given by law, the Chief
Justice discharged him, on the ground that
the informer was an interested witnets.
Steamboat Occident The Steamboat
William Lowndes, while on her passage
from Charleston to Hamburg, was burnt
to the water's edge, and sunk. She caught
fire when about forty miles from the lat
ter place, and as there waa an alarm of
powder being on board, the passengers
barejy had time to escape with - what
clothes they had ot. The loss is seYloua?
I he boat was not insured.
Lord Byron has in the press a neW
drama, called the Deformed Transfor
med. Cantos 12, 13, and 14, of Don
Juan, are also announced.
; TU f 'J i g U a t'' f't-r ij tL rorn.lt r
if ( tc.t. Iiutti I'i nin)tuii)i to lltrir rtjiutil
yiit,siiri'mit llirir Kntunt-nUin oj-j onUufi
to a tMHfn sauHtal tnttttt I
To the DtmtxraiU flrfudflain Cuiirnt cj
i tnmyhitnia. 1 1 ,
FilLow CiTltrati f he relation which
subsists between the constituent and the
representative must alwayi he a sufficient
apoloy fur any eoiamuriicatiooupoa) mat-1
ler ct public interest which either may
deem proper to make to the other and
it I at all time desirable, in the exercise
of funrtiona growlnif out of (heto rela
tions, that free iwierchanre of onioion.
ana imi . pppftiinity or examining the
. . I f li . t. m
waioie rroond, snoum be had ortvioaslr
to a deciivn po aay tjuiiwi of Mag
nitude and dificulty. Influenced by these
considerations e bea; leave to Invite
tour atteniio) lo tome Important facta
and circumstances, as well a principle,
involved In the proposition to nominate a
CandiJate foe the Presidency of the Unl
ted States, to succeed ihe venerable pat
riot whe now Ella that distinguished na
tion. You are no ooubl a ware, that, Irom
the period of the Con4 election of Mr.
Jefferson, down lo the first election of Mr.
Monroe in 1816. the nomination of the
ucccssful candidate for this high office
ha been made by what i called a Con
gressional Caucus, composed of the Re
publican member of Congress, and that
then nominations were made by the ton
tent of the Rrftubticon Party throughout
thenttinnt but the event which took
plare in Id 1 6, al the la$( eaucut ntmtn
thn ! togather with the subsequent dis
cussions, have excited strong apprehen
sion, among the Republican party in a
mijority of ihe States, that the voice of
the people may be misrepresented in auch
We do aw propose to inquire whether
that iprchf fttlon tt b wii founded as In
justify, of tmt ground, an abandonment
rf this mode of nomination at the present
rime. It auDicient for u to tinder-st.t-d
that the trill of the fie-yftle h the high
eit fiolit tal otjirt'(, and that this maxim
spplie in its lull force, a well to the or
g.ntzaiion of part? associations necessary
to the public welfare, as to the establish
ment of general political compacts.
Whatei er mode ef nomination, therefore,
ne.-ivet the general assent and approba
tion of a part? throughout the nation, al
though there may be tome' obvious defect
in itt forms, may properly be regarded as
the decltiation of the popular ill of that
party, and entitled lo be respected at;
such ; but when any mode of nomination
ceases not only to meet the general ap
probation of those who of right mv par
ticipate in it, but eventually becorviet unae
trfttable tot majority of thrm, it would be
conirarv iv every iirim tuiv ui iiruuiiii.u
v ' . : 1 . ' k . J
. i ..t u
polity to maintain Ihe practice , it would ;
Ie nothirleas than permitung a m.non ,
ty to male tt nomination which waa to
bind a aujoruy who had no p.nic.pation .
in it. Soth a procedure n 10 ur from 1
. t J . aa ff I
beipff entitled to the appellation of a Re-
ilia. VI mt
the essential characteristics of aristocracy-
Guided hy tht se views, which we have no
doubt are in perfect accordance with our'
political principles 4w carefully in
quired into, and deliberately considered,
as far as we are able, all the circumstan
ces that ought to govern our conduct in
relation to the nomination, at this Urai,
of Candiriutea for the Piesidency and
Vice -Presidency of the United Mates by
a Congressional Caucus.
In the fi: s place, we have reason to be
lieve, that owing to. the ii.flnence of
lie opinion in a majority of electoral
so'fs, the represenatives in longress
from those st-tea considering themselves
as forjtidden to take any part in the pro
ceedings of a Congressional Caucus : and,
in the second place, that any nomination
so made would be resisted by the repub
licans in all the states which are opposed
in nriiK inle to the mode. From whtch it
is evidt'it, first, that the representation in ,
a - - i
. l- l ....u ' u 1
. .. .. . r
ned, would not only be more detective
than the representation of the republican
Mnv . m ri w nirii rnmri r.nw nr. fiiiivr- '-
rjartv in Coneress, but must consist of aiMiaour
small minority of that representation, in
complete aa it is : And, secondly, that
any nomination made bv a majority of
great being essentially an aristoerirttc-atr
tempt of a few to control the many, tin-
supported by any usage or expression of
public opinion to give tt sanction, would
have oo claim to confidence, lorm no r al
lying point of union, but inevitably tend
to produce incurable dissensions in the
republican party throughout the nation
which might injuriously affect the per
manent interests of our country.
In . addition Jo thee considerations,
there is one more immediately connected
with the interests of Pennsylvania, which
has not bean without considerable weight
in our deliberations upon h rvnpvity ot
pledging ourselves1 to abide the decision
of any partial meeting q members of Con
gress that might attempt a nomination;
The assembbge'of such ar meeting beinj? '
unauthorized by "the-whole - re pnblict
party. Would neither Btternpr nor desire to,
exercise any com rol over its proceed ing s,
which, thus exempted from proper res
ponsibility, would be left lo chance, un
influenced by the salutary.. restraints of
public opinion, and the candidate selected
rnittl.t happen to f a one wlose view of
nati'insl policy were the most. Opposed to
the Intercut of Pennsylvania 1 and If we
were to attend auch a mealing, although
such a candidate were nominated by a
majority ol out tingle vta, we should
according to the usare of these cases, be
come pledged to support Mm though in
opposition lo the united voice of our con
stiiuentt. We thould be whollr at a tuts.
in such in event, to find any excuse for
naving taken atep to adverse to your in
terest, and so incompatible with thn obi I
gation which your confidence hat Ire do
ed on us. Wo Jhive, .therefore, Bf((r
the most mature consideration, conclu-
dad, that whether we regard the preaer
ad'herencee tuname jifincTjrH
of rt publkao poller, r the great inter.
ettt of the American nation, or the more
Immediate Interest of Pennsylvania, It
it equally inexpedient and Improper for
o at this time, aa republican reprsenje
firce of Pennsylvania, to attend any par.
tlal meetinc or Caucus of members or
Congreas lo nominate candidates lor the
Preaidency and Vice Presidency of the
""And In order that yon may be fully In
formed upon ihia aubject, in time te de
vise some mode of nomiaetion that might
be generally acquieaced in, we have, in
obedience to aente of duty to those by
whose tuiTrage we held our teat in Con
grctt, deemed it proper to make the avow
al of our determination, with the retsons
upon which it it founded.
rJiomea Patter$on. John Tod,
Thot. J. Regeri,
D. II. Stilt?
S. D. Ingham,
Washington, January fi, 1824.
rasa m raaatna asarva.
Extract of a leer from a democratic member
of the Pennsylvania delegation in Congress,
to tbe Editor of the Franklin Gazette, dated
ITrntKineitn, Jan. ft, 1824,
" I tend you the circular of the greater
number of the demo(ratic part of the
Pennsylvania delegation in Congress, to
their constituents, expliining the reasons
for the course they have determined to
pursue, in relation to a Caucus for the
nomination of President. You are aware
twat there are twentr democratic mem
lrs bclorging to tbe Pennsylvania dele
gstion in both houaea, 14 of whom have
signed the circular. Of the remaining
aix, who have not aigned, two express their
concurrence in the views slated in the
circular, and have preferred to communl
cate the same information to their con
stituents in a different wav. 7Arrr others
mia iinniialiiieWls1 onrns(i In ailcnrlinr ant
c,ucu,wnalcTe;, ,peril4 in,,ruc.
. . lh.jp.fnll-illMllil. d '
l i : f
f 3 9 . . A
Vl ,,,vs TUU ill ell (llfj fit :uiv iv infill
. c. ,
united against a caucus, under existing
" I give you a list of the states, with
.lhe-J3umbct.cd..nicmheri Jrora-oach who
are generally understood here to be for
and against caucus t '
ftr a Cakcir.
Ataintt a Caucvi.
10 . 5
- . .
one Senator vacant.
One hundred and ninety mtmlttrs are
Jrewom a. caucus.ndojily-iixty-igbt for
thai jTie. ast! re. -
I have put down the whole number of
members, including federalists, because
it is difficult in some states to ascertain
the difference, and because when they are
ascertained, the proportion for and against
the above. None of the twenty republi
can numbers of Pennsylvania would go
into a caucus with the sixty-eight. It
would only swell their number to 88 ; but
the voice of the twenty, the voice of Penn
sylvania, would have no weight in the
decision of such a caucus, and they would
,:ome out of It bound hand and font. ?
lxf s vme (or the man of nil others
whom Pennsylvania least approves."
- xo x vol k i a nvV-
The ship Gyros-sailed on- the 4th inst.
fro.m City Point, Virginia, for the coast of
Afriu with 125 free blacks Cor the colo
ny at Messuraclo, established as an asylum
for those free negroes in the U. States
who may wish to .settle in the land of thtir
TLTlDAr MOKMNCJANUAltrSr its.
JJ.nk tkUMth p.i,k ,4 C.p yt,f
U declared . divide U U.re. per rent. Ift4
the Hank of he.bera $' dividend of (lAir
cent, for the Uat halt ,w. P
Tl,e b.k of Virginia hl,Mtr,l a divtleni
of Hire, pef cent tU la !,.,
however, to a deduct of one aitd a --
tvr the bonua of the But, , ., ,
The Legislature ol Kaw.Tork met in Att,.
on the 6th lost, Richard Coodcll ... J
aiwnlmouslr elected Sneaker tSih L,... I.
to the election of Mr. Clay
The Govern, la his meaasgt, Ua show u
vctifooted hoftiLty to tnaaaure which a ah
most unanimously called for by the people, to
wU i changing the mode of electing Electors of
PrtajJent and Vice President-taking H from
the Legislature, and giving it to the pple, A
bill waa immediately introduced, however, for
that purpoae i and Utters from Kcw-York apeak
confidently of itt paaabg. And if the privilege
of electing Electors ie once given to the ppk
ot that great state, her 34 votes wiO mcMt
assuredly be given to Mr. CDn.
THE PEOPLE'S T1CET.
We Iran from the Kewbera SentineL that
muiam S. BktkkJp, Ean. hu eonaented, la
aecosdaace with the wUHea of his fetloitw
tens, te b placed on the People'a Ticket, lor
Elector, in that district.
We also, learn from the Raleirh Star, that
Wa Crndifi, Ewj. of Wake, and Jamet Meimnt,
Eaq. of Orange, have been designated l the
citiaena of their respective distrida, as candi
dates to be run on the PeopU's TKket, for the
appointment of Eletsora.
We invite the attention of our reatert to the
circular letter of 14of the members of Congress
from Pennsylvania, to their constituents, on the
ribject of a tntninal tattent , as alw the
eitraet of a letter, which follow it, from a
mem her of Congreas, to the Elitor of lle
Franklin (iaaettc. From this letter it will ha
seen that out of our fifteen member in Cow
irress, ten are for going into eamu, to relieve
the people from Ihe trouble of eleeting a Preai.
dent. The five that are opposed to meeting in
caucus, we learn to be :
Mr. Macon, Dr. Vance, and
Cor. Branch, Mr. GatCn.
ratter from Washington state, that since the
decision of the contested election between ffit
n vxJdam, a majority of the New. fork del
egation are opposed to going into caucus. So
that Virginia, Georgia, and Nortb-Carolina, are
the only States in the Union, a majority at
whose j members ofCongress are favorable le
holding a caucus.
- rittGr.YU" m,H be heard.'
In the debate hich took place in the Vir
ginia House of Delegates, on the resolution
offered by Mr. Tyler, infavr of a caucua, that
gentleman delivers himself as follows:
u When, sir, did Virginia speak when
did the declare her sentiments, and wat
not listened to ? Virginia, when she
speaks, vitl be heard, and attended to.l
The eloquent gentleman then derlares that
New-York fah and no doubt North-Carolina
too) only -mattt for Virginia to more .'."to
her example, and tread in her steps !"
Now whether there hi aucbaiblng as rirm'""
infirnce, or not, we will leave to those whe
have ao lustily denied it, to decide i but tlie
above arrogant language is certainly proof pos
itive" that the Virginia politiciana be'ieve tliey
have a controlling influence in the other States. ,
1 1 er
RADICALISM 7nftn- or MONARCHY!
A bill wa introduced into the Georgia Legis
lature, during it late session, in order to give
the election of F.Ipctors of President to the pen.
pie. This proposition waa opposed, tooth and
nail, by the partizans of Wm. H. Crawford. Mr.
Thomas, one of the most active friends of the .
radical candidate, in oppoaition to the bill, ex
claimed in the following language :
" Shall we throw back to the people all
have delegafcTcT Id KTVTirgentlemen,
in their rage for improvement, plunge us . ....
into absolute democracy i? Thia is state '
of things I do not wish to see. That
government is bttt which is mixed;
made up of ariitacracy, momarcht, and
Provided, nevertheless, that Wm. II. Craw
ford i to be intrusted with the tntnarthical part
of the government.
WHOLESOME REPUBLICAN DOCTRINE.
It give us peouliar antisfaction, at this jnno
eal discussion is ao apt to destroy the tempera.
mcnt pf onc'a mrad, to present our readers with
the following truly orthodox republican aenti- . '
ms4jadch.we--'have taken the liberty toer-
member from Mecklenburjp county, in the
llOUSe Ot ..(jommons or .ffle,.jasiwnerminwK:iii-.
bly of thi SUte. If such genuine. American- ;
principles vere to actuate ail nur public "
vantV " wej- the people," miglit sjt contpntedV .
lwn, whilr wnr dolegsrvl agent ero M-