I , '.,.-, - '.'. .
'- ' . '.'. ; " ' -.. ;
Zrecnotr; friendly In the re-tlretion ef
oVnt of ihe United States, met at Psytoa
P. I!arvv's on the 17th ull.
motion, Johi Nlfiioi.o, Esq. was
eM to the Caair, ani J. J. ru.i ami
..vanis) W. AvisTr appointed Secre
Tb fi1lwira preimbln and resolutions
.rre unnniinowdy lpti.
We. s portion of the freemen of Ilali
fix. '' P""'' " assembled, eur
(V,.Hi'iti"n cuimilMiin the right to do,
ItUrun: Unit our civil end politic! Iiler
" fi.t m Is promoted hereby, have
' Tlftohril, I. That in our opinion, the
.Mi.n.AMREW JACKSON In
' t';e PreaHcncv "fill ''"'ted States, is
J,w!!v railed fir, by ths peculiar exigcnees
eftl, time's, winch require all the firm
nr snd pitriotUtn of ouroldcvt and sbleat
RrmJud, My, That promote hii ro
elw fi'n, six roia ha aplrKHiited by '
Jwtim; who with tch others a umy I
Hvr I f " ht un"W(t "hull n)iuiiiM a
auii'- '' p"iu ai Elector for thi electo
' lltsolttJ, Zdh, That to prwit any Hi.
tii n in th rank of lV Jarkaon party
ak.rk u-u liilclv triu'iiphaiu, and to
vuj a iy. unuacesary oxcitecDt, vs a
pr-imtiiro n ;itation of t!i" qticatini 'f tl
,ucc'. ru), our dflizutra lm inntrurtcd
I, v-i ill- iwce-wity n"nnminoti:i at 1
pct r. who tll not iipinrt for Vic-Prea-Jo
t any aiiraut, or tho partinun ) any
aipi-4ut, t the ofllca of Chief Majjia-lnt-
RnalJ, iiJa.-That tU ll known
,, of PHILIP . P. BATir.Ol'R, of
ViiK' im. hi talditod oij.itiim M the
"iMfitT ami Iirternal lmnr.nMMl by tlia
Gnirnl (jovarnrasnt, and th toniidnaaa
pf Im political creed, render him worthy
of 'iir r mii'lfliicf ; anl there i no man
wh nu wa would prefer fur the second off
ii in thn sift of tiit people.
in compliiiaca with the arcond reoIu.
lion, CoL Thornaa ioholaon, Col. Willi
Jo'mtton, Edmund B- Freoinam, Chaclea
8ai'ids, Ttiomaa M. Crowel, ami Wtllii
' AUt'm, Eqra.,war duly appointed. I
On mrttioii, Rnaolvad that the proceed-
: Inii. otilut jawtrn Wa ' ugo&d by . the
dwriian and Becrflarie and forwardad
fvr publication irtlhi" Ronnnkt Advocati.
JL..." jqiU kicholsom, aW
J, J. Juofli i
11. W, Arwrr.
A rapecUbIa mclin oflha titlxeni of
fiiem md County, Ineodlyto the reiac.
(ioimI Gan. Jackeoo.waa hald at Rork
-"'fhitril "rtirthS HafWaimi- whidf Robt
FovfU. Eaq.,vM and F. T. Leak
. ftctnd mm !iprtn'.. ' r.-.r-'s-i.i.x..-.,'
After an examination from tibe Chair, of
tlje eSjiktta of the moetinj, on motion. P.
U. Powcl, J. D.x Pembertorr, a"nd F. T.
Jk, were appointed a committee to pre.
pa" Resolution eipraii?eof the aenti
toeuU f th maetiii biakCojnoMtta
sported the following Preamble and re-
olutiins, which were unanlmouidy adop-
.Jwl.vii: Jll. --r
Ai a portion of tba freemen of the conn-
tryx we have th ricbt, and it ta alao our
duty, on all proper ocr aaio, to oflhr to
L the coniideratkm of oup follow-fitizeaa,
; h Ocm ral Government, and upon trie
courxi of any particular admintatration ;
ta alei to expresa our prefarancea between
candidatea for our uirragea,' paHicularly
Letwan thoae who aspire ta the bigheat
"atition in our Gorernment. And ai it it
but too anoarent. ta eVerf obeemr of
fventa in the South, thai that iyetem,neu.
MvHnorainated the Protectife Svatem, a
... Jyit-Jh which baa been faateuad' upoh the
Jtounrry, by a fombination of actional iav
Ire!s,vconititutinu, at w believe, the
eirluiv8 raripienti of4ta benejita, and
Jii-H ia rendered stilt meiooa by the
Prd;(Prt'oLMr. Claf. baa aTraadf effi-cted
Incalculable if not irreparable rmethief, if
. la no other way, earely in tbai worat oi ail
r wav, bv aatranrina- the attachments of a
Jaiee and talented portio of our Southern j
people, from that ebeet-anchor oi our aaie
4y,,the union of ihe Statee. '
Be U ihtnfore Retdttf, That me fie
--yhh TBgirf Iherividenre ofaT iliipOBitlon
n rte part of amaj)ritV in Concrete to
rJiefpetittte policy vhiea ia believed to be
a viMatin of our riirhta it deatructiye of our
intereata, amK known to be interruptive of!
ur internal harmony, and dangeroua to
'lb Tnion of tne Siatei tiif.'"-''
Rfo?wrf, Thaf the eeneral eoorae of
,"tb preaent dmintatrationtlnimaHera of
i lfltfrMl policy, aimine al it doea, at Cfny
" PHmiae and eonciliatinn. amonz the vari-
-"(.JCotiflictinf jmerejrta .whtolfciiH?
ui, ide;.Bprea4 'DtrrliM'!
ttohationr;; and that the princtplewl?
aunced and euhaeauentlT aofod uponby
ai kdmiMKt ration, m resnect to
. ' to ask nothini hut what i ri?hOntimae rkht of tlie partiel to the Cetwti.
5?d ti aulii tp ootbiaj th
.' i ft. 1 i mmm
aUo rer ivea eur cordial sanction, Thus
confirming our confi gure in the exalted
patriutism and mutilr frankne of Andrew
iJgnJtJKitUindiaJLi pwuliaa famm fnrhit
. V T T' , .
we heart,i ,, wile with
nir H'llowrif litem in othr r pa na, o. t.fMS,
1'nTiiu in recommending him lor re-elec
tion, and that we will contribute eur" hm
et endeavours to briaj about so desirable
Tktrtfort, flJwd, n we approve
of the Diatrict Convention, to he hoM.-n in
thie " place,7:in" April iiei, for the puqvise
of dectinr aome winble peron to be
placed on the Jerksoti Electorkl Tirkt-t,
and that we will elect five Delegates to at
tiid the same. And should a varaurv oc
ur in our said Dclegati'Hi, the retimiiiing
I)( loatt-s shsll liuve power supply the
And Whereas,' a conveatior. is to be
hidden in Baltimore, in may next. f ir the
purpose of ai'lectinj some suitable person
to be run Cr Vise 1'reni lent by the friends
f Urn. Jackeou. It which .CfUTcnjiof). L
l. Henry, f Fa.yetteville, hs bmn sp
pointed s IVleffate f r this Dirtrick.
Tkertfort, Rtmltd, That we approve
h4h of said Conveutioo and of aid selec
tion of Di leijiite. Ami although we , do
not heattete o desijoale Ju If 9inith. of
M. C. ami P. P. Burbour, V.as p .liticiana
in nhoin we have the utmost cwfioVnce,
(eitht-r of whom we would bt particularly
ylsd to see nominated bv said t'onventlon)
yet for the saks of unanimity in our pnrty
eoemential to our success in the eectin
of a Vice Preiilnt,- w,e "hereby pledge
ourselves to support any fir person upia
whom said convention Tnay" unito.
"On motion, the following gentlemen
wore aipointd I)ela;atea trt the District
tmrrntioh, vii. J. I). PomU'rTon, Iaac
vt'illia mson, sea. r. M. Powcl, T. McFar
land; and W. Powcl, Eso,re. .
()n motion. "" ." .'.
firtolrtd. That the proceedinge of this
Bjeetinj; be puhlinlieil in tho" North Caroli
na lournal, and nil other papers friendly
to tba ifiu'mistratioai,.iti tliis fctatc
On metion a''j)rned.
ROBERT POWF.L, Ci'rn,
P. T. Laia, Sic'y.
Froni the l'n td Stt-' Tfl-Kaph
GEORGIA AND THE BLraX-uBirt,,, to -jveerTect. and noon which its'
()t'RT. ' J- ,
It mav not be imbiVioet: nerhaDS. Vt the !
present nauncuf, ahea tlie dacuri.sat.f . thej U b viewed by Georsia,a a danerosJecieH-aiww e nuW
Supreme Cam, in the case of the Mission, jinvasion of her sovereign rights,' not war-; of Representatives not to be burs than 27
arte vs. Ike State ef Geergia,' ia bsing i ranted by the Constitution, she cannot,, nor nifire Xli&a 80! until the. inhabitants
n..t.1..hd that nnhlieiitioa ahmild he eiTen ; with honor to herself, recede from the ' shall amount to 100,000. The Senators
to the following extract from - the -report
of Mr. Madiaon, in the year 1799, upon
the f0Mlutionf,,of the Legialature of;. yjry
ginia ol the preceding year. Ai thai re.
port waa ouly made ten yeera after the or
ganization of the preeent Govf rnrrtent, and
M r. Madiaon beia; (renerally reraTW ae
the father of the Conelilution.-it - may-be
comidered eontemporanr exposition
fof fhat iiiairumehtr ll u 'a Tiiiiil' Kereey
with mtMrt of the politiciana of the preaent
day,: thai Hhe'y fecdpon the7 bpree
Court aa the final arbiter between the
General Government and the State, with
out recollec'ine that it il one of the de.
partmenta of that Government : and that.
aa such, itself may assume power not del
egtted theCoirtittition tnd a-Thnrj
gerous to the reserved ngnts oi ine
State, as either of the ether department.
Mr. Madisen'a idea eeemato be; and I re,
gard it aa thexrae doctrine, that the ects
of one department of the Government,
when confuted within its proper sphere,
are aa binding upon the Statea, aa those of
either of Aroxberrplhe-a aiid-de4iak.ee in erder-of ttmev i lie most distinct
cisi,ns of neither (the judiciary aa
well as the executive At legislative) are so,
iraffl unawlkontti by the ConMitutiotu
- ta commenting upon the 3d resolution,
Mr.. Madiaon-aay.,-. . '.
""flirt it ia objected tliat the judicial' au
thority ia to be regarded aa the sole expositor-
of the Conitutioainjthe last resort j
and it may be asked for wnaTTeaaon the
declare lion by the General Acstinbly, sup
posing it to be theoretically true, could be
required at the present day, and so solemn
a-JBannerT " ''"Z."'-,,. .mu,
On thia obieciion it might be observed
jfraf i that there may be instances of usur
ps . . i :i .-..i' n r. .i'.L.'' .r
pea power, w men ine iornis.n mo miHi
lion would never draw- within the control
of the Judicial department r tetondlyj that
if the decision of the judiciary be raised,
above the authority of the sovereign par-
ties to the"omitifufi6nnhe deeisiona of;
the other dpnrnf'jiiJgr. the
forms of the Ceuetitutioa before the judie.
iary, must ,be equally, authoritative and
final with the divisions of that department.
But the proper answerto the ohjectibn ia,
that the resolution of the General Assens.
relates to those great and extraordinary
cases, in which all the forma of the Consti
tution mav prove meflectual against infrac.
tiona dangerous te the essential righta of
tlie parties to it. The resolution supposes
that dangerous powers not delegated, may
not enlT;.bj jbsujes f f.fCMted by the
Department also,; may exercise or sanction
dangerous powers bsyosMTtRe praftt vflhe
Oonstilutice i and eoneequently, that the
wa, la jjudjjjj vhct tfie. compact tw
been danfferouslv violated.' mint stiend t,
k.latiiaie by one dolegaied authority, a
well aa by another by the pliciary. a
". .. in cieewive, rtiie leewia
."jinnrrinir, xneniore, ll hitv be
thjU JJxt udictl.diipai4mie4 H in- tW one
a. . t . ' ft . . . , J
iiotis siinmiTten in it by the forms of the
Cemsiiiuiiim o decide 'in the last resori.
this rcsmt iiiiim neeeiiaarily he deemed the
hut i reJ.iii.mto iUeaiithorftie.nfthemh
er departments of the Government i"no in
d!.,MJ.'! Jf'h, f Ne partief 9 je
compact, from which the iudicial as wli
as the1 other dcpartaieata hold their dele
gated IriiAts. -On any ntbVr hyKtheis,
theile..jafjw pf judicial sower would an
nul the ,Mwer delegated it ; and Ike con
fuhwe of this cjeprtmet with the oth
era, in usurped powers, miht subvert for-m-r,
and beyond the poililc rech of any
rihtful remedy, the. very Constitution,
which all were inihluted to pretierve."
Now, if the deciiiin of tlie Supreme
Court, in quclieiis of dinputed power be.
twecn.tho SlsUe aud the other depatt
nients of the General Gorrrnment. are ob
ligatory and final, rhat tn In rial, I would
ak is to decide Witwm n that department
and i lie Kiutee, in cases of disputed author
ilV lu'twurn firm '
- The i-oe, htween the Supreme Court,
aeene of the departments of the General
Government, ami tboiUatc of Georgia, il
an important one and it remains to be
een whether or not she will view itsde.'
ciion as a u-turtiun id power hot dele.
piled by the institution, whs t amount
to I ho aaiae tliiog, whether il has under
taken to sanction and give effect loi.i(afli.l
Ihmtttt and aaroMfitirftorw acts f the
otlwr departments. 'If the leialalive aad
executive depanmtnta have made laws aad
trratiea so deeply afiectini the soveroiga
rights of one of members of the CiHifeder-I
acy a to render them unconstitutional, the
Supreme Court ranmd change their shar
actcr, by concurring with those depart
ment. They 'remain unchanged by, and
are no morn binding since, -than before the
deciion v of that . department.,, .The. .fiu.
preme Court raanot make, by its decision,
thai constitutional, which was before un
constitutional. If, therefore, the acts of Congress and
the treaties of the United Stale with the
Indiana, to which the Supreme Court un-
le:ishn agninst the aonstitutionality of the!
"f f ed" th legislature of Georsia . is found -
jstaud ahe has laken. - Her eovrse tLon..:
a j i . . : . .
ward, and her ueighboring anitera will eueJ
no m oaeia twntxt.
oTour feUow citiien of Hancock, to the
people of Georgia, on an important syb-,
ject. which imui at no distant day engage
tlie .ear neat auciuum pi cute, r w our
ears parts weihiiik tie eoouei tf ii settlt
the better. Political science, more thaa
any other science',' is built upon experience;
m a e.e
We feive in ancther column.the addreatl?luft Jit n..third f Uicm
commenced with the independanee W'T ,'0 M""chu;,t- h
. I 1 Kt M(aaKI. ndu .Mil. ah. -
free governmeni inav oe aam io nave
these Statea. The several Couatitutions
successively firmed r amended embody
the clearest dt beet ascertained results ext
serimerAy wjwught but up to that time.
These uccesAe L'onstitutnsia therefore,
exbibiusrurihey do, the time when each
of the prominent features of the repronsen-
tative polity were adopted ; farm when
and authentic history of progress, and gra
dual dovelopement of the science, At par
ticularly, of its spplicatien to 'our social
condition. A notice therefore of the datea
from which the several Constitutions of
noting the composition of their legislative
bodies, may not Only gratify a liberal cu
riosity, but may be of real service.
1 644 is the date of the Charter of Rhode
Island ; amended in 1003 ; and ever since
in operation. Each houanjonaista of a
2 and the feaate of ft nmbera.-j35-1778.
Of all the constitutionaforrnodHn
this Tea? hone now -remain ie operstion,
but those of New Jersey, Maryland and
N. Carolina. New Jersey baa Lejisi-j;
live counsel of 14 persona, one from t-ach
county. The Rep. are by an act r)f l829
te Consiejf oi 80, apportioned "nong the
countiea. Maryland has 80 ttep. and J3
Senatort, the latler ileefe. every veiiriw,j;da, "when it cost eeanething to be
N:n Cariduia one Senator and two Rem.
from each country, ar.d om member each
from seven town; .
790. Twe of the States, Pennsylvania
and S. Caroli na, date their present consti.
tutiwia froe4 ,1,1, yr. The Pennsvlvan
ia Houae of Rep. eat never be less than
QOu,Wt more than 100.1, TieSenalors
ehoaen every four years, en never .be
greater vn number than one third, nor leaa
than one feerth ef the .J.ressutjyjajjjn,
.KW'ilii. the,:: Represefitatives are
lifited to 124, who are apportined amon?
the several districts atid the Senaty to,
48, ehv-tad by c'jftrirt fir 4 yearaj- oie,
halftKMBi; ckosen-bUinnially. ,'
J?W, N UfWpakixn. D98f ( Rep. j
AN COUNTY, N; C.;MMOI)Ay Ar!L
oo ir-MB each town hevinf 1S retee and
one fur every S!K) over that naeibrr-
1 a',!J3MUf ; jn wity.eKt km
Reps, annually, juid throe iWetors Iriee-
tnrarly.."" ' . ,
103.' Tliepreeiit const imtion of Ver
mot wsi adopte.1 this year. Their House
of Rep, consiafs ef one memlief from f sch
towiH-lip in the State', They hav no
Senate, but a eoiirwrl of Censors if 1 J per.
sons chflsfttcnco iuatmn years te enquire
whether the cintirritin ha been preaer
vel inviolate, whetlr tW seeral bran,
chcaof the government have done lh'ir
duty whi ther (lis taxes huts been jually
laid and collected, oVc. ' , .
1708. Tennessee. Representative e.
ected fur two yesrs ami a( portioned. Sen
sMrs also elected liicimiail v and not to be
lea than one third, nor more than half the
number of Reprvwatativr ? i
101). Kentucky. ,,The Rep, not to be
mre than 100, nor less than 0 Sena,
tore eleeled far 1 jmrs, one frth of them I
annyallv; never bi beilewjcr tbau 21 om
nere than 8S n -.'
IcOi Ohio. Snelleat nuralier of Re-
PreKlitativea allowed is largest "'i'
Senate elected bicnnally, larjjeiit nilmlier,
one half, smeljeet one third of the ltepre
aontativea. ' . .' .
lX'i. : Lmiaitna. Repreaerrtativf 1 r'.
ected (nr two years, to be n ol fewer -1 ! a
23, nor mere than !H) ; and apprtined lv
ceiiaua everv 4 Tcars H.-nnte ehx ted for
1 Jfirs, one Ifuinearh 10 of the henalor-
.,lfl(L LidiaiMi Smallest umber-of
Rep. allowed ii 80 : JarpeNt 100 1 appor.
tioned among the emntios. Senators; ap.
IHirtioued in like manner, never to exceed,
lalf nor be lets than ooo tlurd of the Rep.
reaeiitative. " '
1317. ; Missiwppi. rrrnrrtfle
Rep. to every 3,0tM)V'hile iutahituuts;
but when theae shall exceed 0,000, then
the Rep. not o lie less than 89 nor more
than lWk.-8enatwre elected for years i
one third chueon annually. 'rThuir number
not to be less than one fourth, nor more
thbti one third of (he Representatives.
113. The present c. institution of Con.
neciicul, and the constitution of Illinois
were ' adopted ia 1 rli. In pvneecti-
asl tlisa ra ni si nsanf m ti iin aaaaa (UrtStAn IvW fkal
townK. - inool of llienrsciulinfflwo. the real.
one each The Senale mn consiat of not
fcwer than lienor rnftW than ! 4 tnembem,
elcctei for 4 yearahalf of them" bieiiiuil
liia..,, Afabama., Representatives tint.-
not be more than 100 nor fewer thannO.
Senate not to be more than one third,- nor
leea than a tutirth of the RebreeentariVea.
""192.0.1" Main. Reps, not tb exceed 200
no to"MIe" lhaiS'TO0r'iiutor"eloct.'d
annually never to" berlesa. than' 2p, nor
IStli Thji fHr prodocedlhe ainehd-
ments of the constitution of Msauchusetts
and the new one of New-York. Every
150 rateable polee sends one Represents.
ieeT end another forererradditimmf Wfl.
I he senate ia to consist of 40 members,
who are chosen by, districts annually.
The New Yoik House jf Representatives
to consist ef l'i9 members the Senate of
32, chosen every four years in districts.
1J30. Virginia has iu bar Reprsen:
tative branch 184 members, tlma appor"-
tioned to the several jrnrt if the . Staled
31 from the, $6 counties VTest f the A',.
gany ; 2a from the 14 counties bo ie6n
the Allegany and the Blue ridge ; frm
the 2 counties East of the Blue '.Idge, and
above tide water and SO frorithe'c'Mjnt
tieaxilies, townij and Webbs' upon Jnle
water. Her 82 Senateii aj)jKrtiooed
eoiuewhat ia the same tt inner, are el!cted
for four years, and soa'j of one fourth are
vacated every year. A " '
3 " :
amr r, Batrromplfl th late Vir.
MvJPtwiam'iM th lollowin high
enconaum uyijn tbl Jlaijianed Rcpnhli
cai ; to K4dividuat, whu, we think, will yet
receive the auflrae of the Peol of the
Siitrf'jV for the .Vice-Pre8idencyr"the da.
ctsioa of the Legislative Caucus in Vir
ginia to the contrary notwithstanding.
Mr. Pendleton was an 'original Jackson
nlan a Jsckstai man, . to u Lis own
J.icknu mair when some who. are now
t ie most clamorous in hie support, were
publicly abusing aod villifying him who
were earnestly and eloquently invoain
the better genius of the Republic, to save
the country from the humiliation and dis
grace ..f hie election Jc was for Jack
son then, as now,- crow Hokistt it crojt
PaiHctnE.' ; Halifax AJmeatt.
Can eft not, Mr. Chairman, find a man
who i talents, habits, principles and -ex-periehce.-Wnuld
suit- xhe atation-t la my
humble opijikm ; the respectable and Re-;
fiiiWicaiv tiiemher froni the county of Fow
hafa i ,' Hs already named such a on). -: I
. t?orrfia!iy "'cecicuir wttli hint in the upK)rt
M riJip P, ilarbour C t3C90Alv tf Of
'sn-e. i the man. U all the men in
amerira, 1 w.mld prNr man, who
H.rjwch a politlcilrsreeritx.Voty yera j
in .,h! W.FcdrraL Govra4newe.
mailed ay lU-nxmt lllunt aref striking
ev Hence ,f taleht, Urmnese and devotion
to principle, has yd sustained a emref and
damtthi character, unsullied in the lieen
linusnraa of three limes, by the breath of
ansiHcion in favo ef , whone filneee for
.1 " ' . m . t "
ne poruiiarneiiea ef the- vice frenlen
CY,' we have the alron teatimony of three
oi me mom iiiutrious puMw (mdiea that
haye ever met in America I mean the
Conjeese of the Tniled Stales thtf Vir
ginia Convention, sod tlie free Trade
Meeting at Philadelphia who ,' in a long
and suecMafyl pmleasional career in tins
State and Federal Courts, upon the bench
and al the bar, has ever been seen to en
joy the higbl ermaiderstim with all liia
associates, and lo leave every Nation With
increased rrputatiiat who in short, has
never been presented lo any body, officiHt
or popu'Br. with-ut YtorflnxthejiinsI ev
Inordinary evidence of general f onfidenee,
respect and admiration,- --; ,- ; -H . -.
From tkt Miner Furmeri JaumL
.tNSJVEP, TO QUKRICS-roactmio.
1 U-f n lHirvelt that fumacer were
brcfcrable lo roaating ores 1n the open Iir;
iu aorae inafances the latter mode is b. t.
when tlie cre Contain large quantity of
nauve auipimr. m this case the ores are
ruuntod m the (dhtwing manner t mw
ol kilos are ercciod which wmsist only : id
pack and aide walle but are open to the
rnmt ; a, ventilator is made near the base
of tho bock wall. The fuel ia laid at the
bottom, the coarse ere thrown upon it and
cow red with fine ore. Care, should be
taken with regard in the quantity oT"M,
because too nuich heat would niolt- lbe
minerals coutained id the ore. ' This plan
ef rpasling eeldom completes the process
by one heat, because tf uej is coiimiiimnI
la quick and docs nt cause the thorough
diwa iniiuitimi of the heal required and con
sequently ineffective lo sepurate the vola
tile auhMancei, (- , , , .
'Respecting the structure of reverber.
lory furnacee Sir-merely preparing the
ores for extracting -the metal, in other
countries it has been fiitmd ...Ofcaniry Jo
Vary them according to the nature of the
ores te be placed therein. aoJ.:jlie. facili
ties fir obtaining ftief. - 'pe adaptatoe nt
a particular plan for a furnace is altogeth
er the rault of experiment,' and il is is,
possible to say which kind of Ktrwrtion
would be preferable fo- (lie Dyritical nres
pfjhi covinjry,no icat having been made
of them, en account of our ludea not bein
worked to such an extent, that a aenarate
claacd"pyrUilcoul,l be t.rnod
tue Prpor eacejt
lwiwever,"frotiria i ahotilj think
that tlie merberstorr fi maces mud ati.
f ible for tTi s fvice, would be rjA a see
P'r-n, '-ft, VI L.yMr w Baking
5 mafliitrailwr, m W ateaikc meatin
ef exipper rea.-Thee'ft,rnacea are : so
eonntructod, thai the flr.me may be con
ducted through the w'ol Mee. ,Te be
enabled projierly U. elucidate this plan- is
Impracticable wfthout draught. Theae
furunccafcave flHv i .a 4 doera. twe-v
ech aide, tor (he convenience of stirring
the ore and drawing it out of the furnace:
They are. commonly front 17 io 22 feet in
length,, from the bridge to the flue, and
from 'ii to ie in width, the fire plaee
"v.n to 3 toot across by 3 feet, its hop.
r -t is placed in the centre of the dome
through which the charge paaer usually
coiiHisiing ot about a tons, and is distribu
fod equally over the bottom, which is made
of fine, bricks or square tiff s. The fire is
then gradually - increased and . the heat
within the dome rendered aa great- as the
ore will bear without being fused or baked
together.1 The charge is drawn-out
through Mce opposite to tiach door.'asd
tailing under the arch of 4 the furnace, re
mains there uutill sufficiently cool lo be
removed, f - .
y Respecting the 4th query, : t'-ZiJ
The object of mills is to reduce ores to
ire f fuie'uor'MiWl. .to ihat of the
particles of gold . contained in them, in-order
to detaeh and prepare them for the at
tractive powers of the quitluilvcf, the
object tlu-aif the reduction, fifths gold
be in large particles then the urea need
not as luuch reduction-as ifjt were in
powder fin the Araitre, likewtseln tlol
Chillian nulls, the process ol grinding aad
amalgamation is couJjined. To rendor
this operation perfect il is neceasary that
the amalgamation h.iuld be independent
of the reduction, for two reasons. - lt,
with.; regard to the Chillian ; mill, to pre.
vent the injuria trifltit-iace of a current fi
water oh that portion of quicksilver that is
in st. meesuri dead during the course of tri
turation, and rendered buoy ant; and SndJy,
or lhat decree of lemtnrature necessary
for the eomplet? preservation of the affinity
of the quicksilver fir the gold. It will be
seea, theroforei thut acirordm to the above
prtneiptes, "ncUhnr !;'1nr.AriitrMor'CiiiK
jjao" mills are complete, tiotwitliandiiig
which, "ihej ; hsvf liiraH4 fintiuiit to be
used in Mexicu and tbJatter irt CliJltforlthf gikinfry.) -The Rajkar placed-eW '
local riawo'wbicUjfn 'f rdinirtt; W.oiiWrtnsW transverse' ptecet'suuffcitid ' fast by v '
Ifoire) fbt9 i fePft s;'jj;'if
tVOf.UH ..NO eKv:
eralogical awl economical (with regard U
the reoureea) rlrediiMitsnrss n the ree.
)ekfive conirn?s', altogether'' forol .t Vi
the - presen mihjeet; -' In iliie'cMiMry 'it
Ima "f.rtnerry - t'n t'ieVl.ject X'i recover,'
irrthe shortest tl niff, llifl k mouiif ftanilal
invested, without using the neeeaMiry pre
Cautions te work the ores to the brtr sd -
vanlage, and wai done at the risk ef was' 7
teing Hie greater portion of Hmm in tht -
j-i'nrii iinniii'mni ine tninnn nilfi, SllJ
regard to simplicity Ind durability, ia that
used in France and et-ewhare fr Ihe jnr
pose of reducing and collecting the golj, , '
from awoep washlag. , ' ', -
lTo avoid disadvantage an! eoiia"nut;rit ,
loe in Ihe Chilian mill; ariiip from k
dmtinusd . escape bt a at ream of water.1
also the loe of gold . arising out ef ijie X
cause is not reducing the ores fine enough ' ,
the Arrastre hn been mtrclueed, thereby '
oludiiig the diffjcultiee and making th '.'
proceasof grinding more complete, but on
the.bthcr baud, emnluj ing a louer inacw .
of time, hkewise . more f srt bem rcgui ; ,
red in the . ecpertion 1 ta the fluicltsilvCf, - -
from the re laves, sad ' mut h deptmling ua
tlie conatructi-si of the waaher fur the par "
pose, it , being easily perceptible fhat 0d t
loss can be ustained fn-ra the Arrant ns .
Combiniiif all these circumstancet ami
apj-lying them lo the nature of otiroree, -no
defmate concluiiion can be drawn but "
from actual trial, . . - , " .,'
The answeMo the 6th query ia Incflf ,
ded la what baa been otWved in the fore
going remarks, and f wifl only add thsf . '. ..-
Ihe usual pracese tn"Earpe, ir 'dd anl' " '
silver smalamalion, "(. tiI rs' i.eT aimitai vTt
to either of ihe abott hamad" plans, ths)f ' t T
difforeut qiulities ef ore being stWatedV-";.-----
by manual labor -and tlie poorer cLai or ' . ' ;..
them being stamped uwk-r a cw-tiint ' V . '
stream of water and reduced" upon the)
principle ef theifeooeifie gravttv ronrmie
through a aucceeaion of canals, wm!iJ np.
on an Inclined plane of sharing tah'es, and -
the masa anorwarda rv-duced still flnrr M.i'
horizontal mills upon Ihe principle" of thoe .-jj.
net d forth ur, 'and lastly, amalganmte ir
barrels it b internal aonstmctiun Kir that J, .'".
purpose. , -Z!' ? ' .V-. -
, By this process very poor ore has bveJt . . r
woraed te advantage, bet the nnnaralelUKi - -V ' 1
ekeapnese of . suauuai labor ia to lw Ukei ' t Jr i Z
mtoenusKleration..- 4. y- - ?: "Z': -
There ha 'Jieen sj, deseyji'thvi glrej
aloly in the" Imden Muninir U.'xiew oT- i -.t.
1 rT't.wbicl) arpeio the. wvt. P&ZZ''.m
plela JJir exiracting. tle. gold with flbel--;ij,i
greatest economy 1 and if ieeewifiilt Vil
cause - a near era in gold nnit!nrrrMttoej. - ,
loriej South Amcriraa Af tnjnf Cftn.wtl :ZZZ$.
haye jifiitulailigejjt nfficera la, Um&rf,Z.i-.. ..
lor tlie ; puriew t4 wspeeUiMi; s-me eie'
chines have been transported Ihers bul rrfl '
intelligence of their succe has yet Vl -
...AlfssB;1lJ,.Us sV -w s!j.mmm -t
promise,. I now give yen auch particular , s
of the Charleston Rail Road, at may afti 4 Z-
in fornjiag correct rstncata ef eur Kail-"
Road projecla. . ; . Z '
Mr.- theChief' Enjeeerj in- f tV:
last Report, exhibits-the following ei
mate of the coat of that Rail-Road : ' "'
1 Miles now tinder em ract for f 3 J Ifi't
. for RaiWUeael Iron, ; . ;r133,0f
Iron Sjuke,'-.... I2,6Ua .
VT Tiling Mscntoiiry, 't r i'v' 9,1 (fi
-. Edisto Bridge, :t Z V 4 1,700)
'- . Turn Outa, - - - ; 6,00(1
Inclined Plane end Double Road ' 6,009
, Engineer Department, . , 45,821
Contingencies, ri-ht to limber, dam-1 -
gci&c..;, -''J,. s. iO.OOtJ
Tetal cost of constructing 1 S3 1' .
, Miles, SjfllO.ortJ..
; . . ;
Cuing 4,610 per mile.. But aa Stearrt :
Engines a refused on that Road, be add'."
Jos iectftaotive power : -.r- t
Enirine to be ataiinnk I nu InrUnmA 1 -
Oua hundred aud aif ty waggons; , mjrtVT"
rWetcrewiuiia, z Z tJ
jeAr 't ; -' ? vejBjsaftwsasasjajjf'' .
r Making trie .wholaeot ef Road and Lc :
conwtives J7 1 ,000 or 4,oai per mile. 1
Zln ewaatructing thsf .Road,Ufte-e!ea--
iuj tMgrouiitf and excavating where it way
necessary to attain .tlie propfct levcl, ; 'Tile ' i:
are driven by machinery into the groune
on ecn sine 01 the road, thai farming tw
rows of Piles five feet apart, Wl- the) P
. 4 ifui in caco row. a ne rilolr
are then cut to the proper 'height to pee ," "
serve the level, and, a tenon is cut t thf i
upper end. A, piece, feet long 6 bv W - '
inchos with a morjiee'meacli end to ft'tlie7
tenor of the Piles ia then placed ns th
tre to centre, there Ira in mile 8l2, aur
ported by, 1824 Pile for Posts aa iheV-
would be called In the cowmen, tan -m.-' .'
: " vi ' .. v wt::'-i''-&-i:-'z--'-x " '- '
si. ' . ' .- : ': ' sir--.: ' "' V- .- f ;-t- : ;