4-'- Jay wyti.-j.
Tins is u AuA in out mvim. k
ifan iinp-irs motive, wln wstingivf open, fair, atJ unanaweraws
Wi.nl i power,
I No, sir, we ere eat seeking efler powar, w ee ody asking foi
fcoiyJ rights. ' ' ' ' .'
We wish convention, Wium w koow that the Cmettlutioa is
W.viiva. and remit res rnertdmrnl.
' A government 14 be just, said Mr. F. ahould U ctjaal hi all Hi
tWretioriB I it U(ti and it aurdtos ahould fall rqua'lj Ml til, b
rJ.wl ia lha rood nf IM Mottl. and lh) PBOIS ers
aviuaL 11 this da? Sod ae. h kvrd it ft-cssaary
hmvIiwu nf these nrinritiUi t they will hardly be denied
L Ibis - Nh, Sr, if we ce shew that lha (Jonatitirtio of
jfortb-Csrolio act utirqually o Ihe people of the But ir case
"WilT eertiioir WObuk uuW'TuArtw overall minor itWt tirttm
v Institution, I will now proceed to bow the unequal end wtfair
representation of the people of NorU.Crolina ia this Unerl
. . . A I bet Mmorknrl deprecate the division of (hit eweetioii
In ii Filter end Wsarn, but as some who tore preceded te
"the debate, have tekso that view and have urgsd thai the Western
toutitia hove tu cause to Complain, Id an meet them m tJsn win
round with I plain ealrttlalioa or two.
f MmCBiW00blMiilt.'S " " IIIOMmbcrr
: TH RMUrra CoonlMM wi'k Ha,004 irhito ooult IVm oerx) 30 mem
tt mart, lUa lb WooUm Counties.
II. Tiiw rir tni Black Population.
T7 Weoton CountUo, 173,424 mU, ! moaibort.
C7 Inters Cauutieo, 1402 M 111
III. Vinr 4 Largt ani 31 ffuwf Covntif$.
Ortmro, Lioeolo, Rovon, Buaoombo, Guilford tod RuthrrfoH, erw
Uin popoklHio bf ... . 106,174 !
Tyrrol, Loooir, WihiatonlColamlMM, Joom, Haywood, Mn,n
il vda, GroOflO, vanarot, taowjeo, Cbowan, Hrunnwirk, Ah, Uo
alow, Moot, Galea, Bladoo, PerauimoM, Cabarrus, II rtfird, Mar
o, nan) km Kicnmooa, la au XI couotiet, roulain a popuiatton
. . . . 101.W5
34 5imZ Ouirtwt, 01,9i3 omjli, afod 73 inembera.
C Larp Uootioa, 100,174 " oood 18
Iter M population of 1M tyfrimfo'invima porta of the
. y Md 72 Members to tas LgiIlura, vbtio grtaltr pipula
fliMi, iootbor parts of the Suta, ornd only 19 members, or 54 less.
- 0 ?lW. 1 0 lor-ft (WsJim MtUraMed with 1 0 aaiatt om.
titbit aoula aend to member.
3,ttQ aoula M 60 members.
10 Larjr Counties,
iO Small Coonties.
- , .
.Hera va af popoltltoa ol 141.218 soul, ia one part of the
(late, emi 30 members la the Legislature, while S,359 souls, io
tiKither pert of Ike State, tend just the same Dumber j on mao in
the 10 small coontiea, bae the poiiticaJ weicht of 4 men id th 10
. jaffl countieii. .,
SBMM MA . M .a SJS) its
l ere areueoumies,aji m me bast eieept two, wriicn contain
" Irtt t,4M white auots, And there trefl ctraotiee ia the West,
fhieh eonisin 82.30 white souls. . . - .
rrmie. ?t.l03 s.ial io'tb Cast, saoil 09 members, whtlf the 03,M5
4Viull in West, send only 19 memberswJI sJo. tbeJia
ru7ttHi ery t;j3 aoula esni ooe'esembsr ( ia the cwHities
4)erv Ml? end one member, or en man io the Sl.couutiee kas
Jr time the polttteu wwM of one man m the 8 enunties.
Bat i ie said, .that population alone ia not the true basis of rep
esMjtstloo. : ed.nlt it I I hold, that pnptrty shoald be felt a
etU s pdpalation. In peace and war,- property-so pports Gorern.
tjjentj as well as popalatiojt, and one of the jrreat objnrta of Govero
ttwoL ia tu trutect, pnerty, - The true bast therefore, ia property
nd pnpulalina eombioedj on Inme KM. and fi-rranment. On
. thU pnacipte, theratf fci u see if ,0he Constitution ia just, nod
Jr .The ounfie of .Camberlsod, Lnroln, Rowan, Oranjje, Edjre-
"ombe7Mocklraburf, unumlaj, Wew-itanoyitrr Wake,- Halifax;
4rthinpton cud Craven, pay taaee, I4,1 99,89. - -
The counties of Ashe, Brunswick, Beaufort, Jones, Lenoir, Car
Ifcret, Currituck, Camden, Onslow, TyrrH, Columbus, Hyde, Hay
Vood, WasQingtoa and ureene, pay taiea, vq.uoso.
1ft cojntiea paying $0,0643 eend , 45 membera.
12 couudes paying 34,105,39 send 39 members.
X. Vtsw P.tplaliQ ff 4 .Still tfd 4 Lrg$ Cutin fomjwti
' "- Wnirn.
' ' 4.1 U
". ' -," 44! '
. - . 11,111
. , W.t
There are 1 1 counties in the aksta faek cantaiaaf a lafer pop-
ulstuxi Ihaa laesa 4 smsll r.mtes, and utbissabeoiauttn an
equal popuUtnia. .
irCowin4 is entitled lo 9 memhrre, then on'the"Baii of rnaH.
ty the 4 larger counties above named wuld be entlld ss t slow I
On White (mpulaliuo. Wbita dc BImJL OwTskmmo. MiUd basis.
Lincoln, IH 1J . ' ! . . !
Rran, IS 13 1 . . 14
Orsnge, IS IS 21 1"
Mocklrttburg.U IS 18 13
Thus we see whether you tske Wjiile population, or White and
Blark, or Taiation, or Taiation and Populslioo miso itia eqiully
clear that our representation is unequal in the hiuhest degree,
U-i us soe how it stands u point of tftctmforct, according to
MiJiUa returns t
C arte ret,
0 Counties with a militia of S,M4 toea, seiid 27 aiemberf
Lincoln, 3,147 -
- - - Wwlttoburc, " " r " ' '
3 Counties with a klilrtia of 3.908 roeo eend 0 membra, Row
an.C4Mitins 1,093, Siuke I.OOi i- nmi youthful Maoui US flM
And hore. said Mr. F. h-l me drop a word in aoswer t bal had I
bona said ui the cnire uf the dhale, as repocU Ins small ram
paid by Macon. Why is it that Macon iIohs not pay.lf'Jire I Be
cauae you kaup bar land wot of markaU - Let the lawwt respect
tng thst country be once settled, and those Und bret mm map
ki-t, you will soon ses .Vuroa appear wit ly stnmgon he meter
r tt, but aUo on the la lit. In fori, as it i, Jacon hat paid more
money in the Public Treasury than thre fourths of tf c&Jiitiee.
She hss paul fully 8140,MM. Even ss Msc W. now'rfsmli, with
her lundi tied up by hurd .lic, It l lu't coiulry i4. yi need
tfvtrtMig arms and st..ut lieorn, and no where will IN Jf eooiwr
Knad than in patriutie ,t.-.-;r;,u-.--;v;.-i.v.-...iA.
Mr. F. ssid, ht hold in his hand neveral other ettcifitions, to
dhow the inequality o(mt ystem,hut he thiKijItt he hsdeihibited
enough. If tlM-te wt're no! sullicieiit t make out the ca,be would
give il up I but be thought all .uld admit, that these views abow
the great defnets ot the Constitution, in ooe particulnx if least, and
the omaequmit oeceumty for a reliirm. 1 ' ' .
vir. r. said, he wai not one of ttinee. If there be any suen, wno
believe there ire no gnbd parts in t ha Constitution;. ou.le..Mra
ry, be wes deeply attached lo il, ajid if il wore cured. cAVatdffocls,
be ihouhl it a moat admirable CHintilutum. ; . -
ITial it should have olel.ouht not ..to .TrnKlflrfoiwonaer,
when we recollect the times in which It was fnfnd. Nertw Cnro.
!ul Ihis merlmg rei-lf'l ! by Wier,n-S hM in Kalnh
Nralrrn. Carteret, II.llr'U:,'h puces, bini tr
h4J all Ibis m diovsred to be wHtong mm ut U-1 roun
Ckl roij4Tiu.t. 1 wt'iJ lfmka oe pof-! silii.t ", l.l r-
llv tUre are s.iie men in llns world as iwr6 rtly lorUa litem
efvrsofeildiiilrretedBi.dtir.t! nioiiws, thai they pi
svitry tody tUi U b like themerlvee j hence, whenever a mn per.
forms aa ad, f, by any poilnltty, it can be mal susceptible ,4
twoeonsinjrlwosdfawiugllwruie irtnn linr oan ooHn, iuy
are aur la assurn lo il U w..rst motive. Il has often Un my M
in life to encounter such una. It M !" iiwnuttrd." thai I b
Lean up-ed to the Onlrsl Rail r.d, whm firM started by the
aerable Prestntml f lb Vrnvarstiy, ana aaa rat it ss vis
oosT. wild and eitravairtu!, and llwil now, fir political purpo-ee, I
hare tornvdlOP r.rrfa n. M r; FiirhTieid,hvrwiwtd'rBwf tar tn
get lbs respect due In the I loo, as to pnwupowe. lite charge falm,
i I a ,a .
but lie would, W(lti becoming oncoruin, prors u
The first Urn that lite suiirct of a Ceitlrsl Riil rosd wi ever
bnsight brftre lg ll.juw, it was by resoluttui, directing Ute gn
verm lo spply to the Oeitersl OoveriiiiHinl r a Uirj of Loinee n
U asaka a survey Oha ruols. -Tbta ros4uUon, aa 1 - ao.lruod,
at the time, was drawn up by U"Cl, l-Weii, and placed )n the
hsndsof the gentleman from Newbero Mr. Gstloo.) Tbst gen-
tlcmsn, for good reason no doubt, handed it over to Mr. Alevander
a member from Merkleuburg, who introduced it, together with a
Hier from tb .'ecretsry 'tf War, conaetttini to reuse the survey
lo be made, provided the Legislature would made the request. Ob
tumt were soon raised to the pssaage of the reafJuttou, on the
grounds that it might in the end, turn out lo be an ncr sir h moot on
Stale rights. Mr. Fisher said, be bad alwayi been an advocate for
Btale-Rigbts but he could not see how this resolution would infringe
Ibem, and therefore was in favor of its adoption. But wishing o
remove all objections, I drsw a substitute, so as to pis re the whole
attir under the direction of I lie Stale, and also requiring nnne oih
e, survey loos made ; wmcti rarwrnuie, onvrwi and sunittirted
but which Ittgether with the original, failed. Mr. F. here prumi-
ced the Journal, and read lite final vote on the resolofioo. This ie
enough, I think, aaid he, lo dispmve the charge that I ever wmot,.
posed lo Ike scheme of a Central Rail rosd.But, etntinud Mr.
P. it hss keen aaid, Ibat I was once friendly it) a Rail road from Fsv.
ettRvilla to the Yadkin, and that I waa I lie fimt person who moved
s meolulKm f it that pnrpow. To prove this, the penile man from
Rnwan has searched up the Journals, and ha actuxllv f ind the re
solution itself. Tea the gentleman is riffht. I was then in favor
of the plan, and what ia still more, am now in favor of it ; and nof
only of thia, but of every other scheme of improvement, which will
f? lo devslope the natural resources of the Plate, and. inwove the
ciwxltlton the people, lam ooTorta of thi'we who wish to sea but
one part of Mortb-Camlina progressing; nry a Qert iona fr the1
State are large enough to spread over the whole t and whenever I
ea improvemenls goinjf, on, whether in the East or in the Went,
there my good wiahes are sura lo fall T-, I am rrt onlv in favor
oflhe Central Rail road, but of the Cape Fesrand Ya-fkin Rail mail
Itkswise.and I will so aa far in voting amironriatHma on these antx
jwts as any other member of lhi Iegilature. . If the tantiemes
from Kowan had searched a little lurtiter m the Jnurnsl. he would
have found that one of the nroviniorts in mv suMitu'e for Mr. Alet.
artder's resolution was, that a Hurvrv shild likewise he made of a
rome from Favetteville to the YaHkm. H mi"h have rTiseorered
still further evidences of friendahip to the Cape Fear aeeiinn of the
State hr I will venture to say, he will IM mv vote reenrdH in
favor every appropriation made for the impr vemeo ff the Papa
rear, during the years I have been a member of the t'n!tura !
also, the appropriation for the Huts below Wil ninvton, not only al
ways received mv vtes, but in momenta uf Hanger, mv ooen and s
tire trpport in this IIousu
denotinoed here, and in t)i Favettaville naiKra, beei' te I am in fa
vor the Central Railroad, and snpeeiod to he one f t hn
doubt th rxdrcv of remrving tb !Jat .rer tm -it fern Ra'eih.
Is tins, sir, the way to treat friends T or, to make friend Time
will prove all thing.
Mr. Fiaher could but regret that the iefltlmn from R twan had
thought proper to turn the . discussi m awsv fnon the C-mv-oiHw
Quoatioa to other matters,' Hsindoobt had his motives for so do
ins, and Ike Hooe mr.h judreof them.
hopa, said Mr. f. I have said nolhin? in the course of -nv re-!
K iikhi diao-tlrsl mir..r baa e,
. l i - . : ' ... 1 1
n... -n r ,w t vvtwumn trw ffoio.
r '"Hhnrso had fallen with or thrown him
Near Irtwrv. Tiim f,i'l.(,i .........l ,
by the New York tlatMletsf M-atday. - , 7
Tit Village M..rria.ea, Now Ji-ry wn
diy thrown.. Into the utmost istrftata by iH- di T
ery of il.s murder tlw prevofN Mentng,u7Mr. rWl
fsvre, his wifs and a Colored! w-rvant woms k
led ah.jt half a ndle Irotn the tilUga. , !"
ken some paloa lo aw erlsto the fseis, aad beU..
anieiwl wiUl U thia nvat bornbla eaUstr,Hl0, 1 i
,,r..va forrrrt,Aboutl unlock yaierds, niorht,-. -
" " ,T,7MI!:, ? h
burhood U JHuJhyjt tuLuM, ha dtsswvmdi
die of tloihes, wh,', he picked dp, m4 m,
lion it prttved I in be weanny pparrf.be "J"
the fninily of the deceased. lis e-wve,,. Z
lo Ibe bouse, and knocked at Ike sW, hut so L,
awwanng, he gare va alarm, when the kuiaV -t?
broker! open, flie dead b-dy' of the colored w.tmJJ
fMJtid in ooe of the rooma, but no traces of Mr. fa rZ
or his wife. "Every thing in the bouss) wma i
tmA cotifufl'm. .-r,. JOL.
The nartv then nroreaded M ihs x.hi. l. ..
stton fooiwl the dead bodire of Mr. 8eyrs and bis Z
buried under heap of manure. The a!.,- I
quickly spread through the village, and susbicu-.
halely directed towards a ttwias. who k.J i...
alrnut two weeks in lb employ of Mr. 8., and whaVaa
utisiiig. IlsodUlls were iantoIUtclr struck wr ..!?
irers itesiistched in every direction! in aen-k .s.CZ
penietrator of Ihi most diaUdiCaJ act. Swvera!
bh-s, including the nlirrifTrsf the couoly, took Ike rosl
to New York, and on reaching the half (T 0Mik,
the raueway beiwoan Jersey City and Newark, tkey
fotind ibe object of their pursuit, lis wss hi,Ja..I
ly arrested, secured and carried bark to Mwristown, '
to answer I ha charge. On him were foand u Mrs
bundles, containing male and female apparel hica
was instantly identified as Udonirinir lo tha .
the dttcesaed. Ha alao had in his porkrta tU
of the deceaaed, a gold watch belonging Ut uos of h
daughters, aWl abtsil twenty dollar io silver, and wore
al Ihe tune of hi arre-e:, a pair of (rowsera and a hat
btkmging to Mr. ayrea.
II ss bslieved that the niurdera wees eemetrtf ot' '
the tillowing maitnsr i Ties accused as is raimwl
called Mr, ftayrrs front the houae early In the ste.nof
- -- i -.n. inn K'-Mitir aim u
to Ibe stable, si rock him on I he head with a haicM
and then buried htm under the manu re. Mrs. jr,""
alarm.) at tha protracted absence of herhuijlMti f.'rii)'
paired lo lha stable io search ol him,- and there tt t
Ihe same fate. The monster then went to, lite boue
and despatched the colored woman, by alablnni ht r iq
ihe ear with a aharp iastnirtx nt', uppiM!d a kitilei
He then packed up such artichta a be C'Ktld csi-n
ieutly carry off, including, (m adiLiiis to ihe ariba
abov specified,) a hag containing 200 dollars in g vld
coins j thence tie repaired lo Die waide and unk
of the horses, and mad the best of Ins way to in is
We learn that the officers who arreted the wretrk '
found (i the road between Morristown and Neanrlr.
ud fiom apftearaucea tha
ad hi ui 4uJ fun iir."
i When arrested he waa on foot.
wamrathat nr. Say re came to Ihn city about
three week aince, for the purpom of prix urm n rmq
1 1 work oo hia farm, and being well a war- .if the
eral goid character and Integrity of ihe .wi-., . i t
board Ibe vessel and sr(eced hi inunterer Ir. in i.in
prepaiwssing appearance. How wofully hs ha Hft
few light to go by, and therefore very naturally contmtt
.J)ul!atenc, .,17440,64. . 9
- - If taxation was the bast, the 14 rountiee would have 20 members;
ktr 25 less than tbey new have, and tha 12 eountiee would have 89
membera. or S3 mart than at present,
If taiation and population combined, lomted the basie of re pre
kenlalion, then the IS counties would have 19 members, or 37 ie
fiao now, and lbs 13 counties would bare 80 membera or 34 more
, The 10 large eountiei named in Vuw 4, pay lO.TSS
: The 10 small counties there named, pay 5,56$
--J2'- v -'-7 j , T Diflerence, $11,173
" Vftitt plafton, on frnc$iH of equality,' would give the 10
large counties Otf member, ttify now. nave w would give 4he 10
Knall onea 14emoer,tney now nave au. .
Taxation and jwraiJarwa combined, would give the 1 0 large conn
VII. Viiw Etptnctt of the State Goternment.
fv Total nrpnncn of the Stale, . - 831,778
Wbicb give to rach rounty,-; - 11,870
Vow there are 45 counties out of the 84, which do not pay their
portion of eipence, thai is, each county cost the State $1,270
and there are a many as 49, neither of which pay the amount, yet
tbM0 4S countie send 19S membttraoul or ivt.
- There are I4countiea that do not pay their part of the ipencea
F Ihe LetatnTCaionernrtlo not pay thdir owu m.mbers with in-
tjdontal expertces, and yet these 1 4 send 43 members, or really om
. BwlMM-aV.aaf b4.a atajvtah iXiL-r.-vAJ..
j var in ih invwumn .
,-... .;.VIJI.-Vrir. '
Tfep tipmee of each Bounty to the State! $170. - '.
. Irfuinbti, Hyde and Tyrr, jpaid last yenr into the Public Tret
" ironr, ?1 ,1 4 1 ,5t) all three few thait tlw charge of one t the State. '
: . Aid Currituck and Carteret, and Ihe 5 will pay $i,(H3,,no as
wtnch as IVaJts alone, and yet they end fifteen memoera, vhile
Iffak end ooly farce. r
IX. VitwCo&stionaI Diitricti. .
6 Eastern CongresnIonaJ Districts, hare t population of 174,938
-rwh-Ty 88,21 dollars, and mni 108 members. 8 " Western
PistricU have populatkm of 26-3,991 aouls pay 27,993 dollar,
..um end or memoera.
On a mi led baai, the 8 Eastern Districts would he anlillad ta fie !
. . . " I .f ' i . ' ' ' i " - I
. jaorraV VU ue "ftfexa, m itewoe
; - - --.- " : t.4 II! 1.. '
Thia waa not an much the case with some of the other Stales, and i"a,J..u?.or -
yet what is the fact T Why, every one of those Nates thai formed
Constitution subsequent to North Carolina hav held. Conventions
ana reformed their Constiratiaiui; ome hate beu tree more loan
WW V VIITCIIII.!. ' 'A ' " '
HowitwH haiiwhedrwtil Mu - F.-thaJ) aft three -ftate srereeo
nnlbrlenate as to haire defects in their Conatitutionr, Waenuionm
Carolina alone happened to make a perfect one T
No, h is not thai w Coiwtitutwriia uroasfy dafectivr.ei I have
showh, bul causc hive cotwpirod to prevent u from iiasnduiit;
these causes may be found in I he sectional jealousy which xisls in
Ihe Bute, and which have thus long kept, justice at bay tjbut this
carni.it be the case much longer. Thia coolest must come jo a close j
gentlemen may flatter themselves that it will not, but they only de
ceive themwcl yes. Population is going lo the West and so is wealth.
Compare the amount of taxes now paid in the West, with what was
paid 10 years ago, and you will see that vrealth keeps pace with pop
ula4iHW..Jwe,. owjng... to FederaJ ..tegisltttion, neiibr;,pttUtioo
nor wealth increase as rapidly a they ought." t only apeak of f bin
increase in contrast with the Eastern part of the State.
Where population and wealth travel, there will power go. You
cannot arrest ila march. You might as well attempt td top the
Neusa in its course to old Ocean. .-rz-z ,
Mr. rfayr s waa fdrirterly a respectable merchd)
1 L . 1 . I ..... i . . .
mark to increase sectional jN or 44 wound MBjtefL J- llw i - -feeling
eo lhl4.r. - Ahhou wmn n. ajlprsW -mJ talT T 'J" i
eirteAouel.nV.tion.ira.il eotml nurtv.lJel ..-H'
. - - - ; . - 1 " t arminarv tn w f l.iVfi f Attfl liA nthe an i.it
some friettd in (.mh-ii uI. - Had .hey been at li roe -
y tvmild troUMIesI nave aiiared luo tato of toci
establish an indepandant' goernm,t fir her aslf 6hs ad but H ' 5 Ung. for one member, because M
mteed some t ' - ... m.nr w . yn omi nn l
. . .... I .tfil.es Ska. A.aa ...v... .A 1. T- ...UL!I1U . a. '
fechnga or wound his eoibiliiy j such baa never been my practice
Ye, we must have reform in North Carolina. Why 'should we
nn have it, when the ipiril is abroad on the Globe t Where do
you not ace it 7 Even in the old governments ol Europe it il at
work, we witness its progress in Enrland. the nation from which
we derive our Institutions. The gentleman from Halifax, (Mr.
Long,) remarked iu his speech, that there is no analogy between
the straggle in England and oiira ; he is mistaken, il is - the very
same tru'rgle ; equal rights ia what both are contending for. The
fact is, our institutions in North Carolina greatly reaemble-lhnae of
England in some striking particulars. What is it, they ere endea
voring to get rid of in England 1 The flomur aystetnt jWb&t is
it we fcrecomwarnlnrof f .The Cbfu svslem.: , t i. -i
1 1 evri-m brtsland t greater than herei buPit" te ted-.ieTKWsHi
herein sit consdencwtovrtadTo 5u brrrTirnwnyailoiu7er. X
Convention then is wauling for the iiurposM of reforming the Cou-
titution, and to expel many evils that exist in Ihe body politic, to
1 L ..- I l n.i .1 i i. - :..
mihh up iov'bi uivisioob,iu anay me nean nurninga sou jesioawies,
that exist in the LeiHslature, end to mike us feel a one people.
Who can ItMik at these tim'ertuna'te division and not deplore their
effects 1 'They prevent us from doimr any thing1 for the State.
What have we ever dune r What have we done for the 'education
of lhe rising - generation t Almost every State' in deTJnion has
laid down plans btr common sehaols arvd emeralveduceiron, xscept
North CaroliiHU We have literally done nothing, except to create
a emaH liteearr fund, front which foccstsistial; Jbew eJesT
'tnmMa'& istbfe.toly safe
guard for the rights of the people, and but little" liaveT we jlone tor
this cause. W ht haygwe done for. aVvelopi'njTthe njtl re-
oum of the Statel Jiothinditerally 'OothinrMow does
thiaharinen f 1 Why weere o much dtyuled by awtionafiVawu
ieathat we cannot act altogether ; strt - Ijec4 aofe-will
pull thia way, and some that, . 4 ' -, .; .,if?t
A e proof that I do not hxnr gerate, witness the-, fijelinir that
have been displayed on Ibe Rtl-road bill now betVe uv And
here, said Mr F.it ia proper to notice some of . the remark made,
by one of lha member front Rowan on this - subject. (Mr, Pear
son.) was one of those who attended "e tnectini ' in Salisbary,
held during the Iqst feu, n ftror '.f. central Rail-road. T certain.
Iv did so with feelings and m tlives of the wtoet patriotic kind, and
the worth v citiarrrnf altJttMlrr who warmost "active WffettuisUo
jttot awlia&i am tire vas iaflueawd If mkihina.
YANKEE INGE.VUITY-"A PUZZLER.
A yankee- captain, who was master and owner of a Irim-bulll
schoooer, finding trade rather dull on the coast down cat, charter
ed hertoarpany.ofmGrcban1i,whoUiouiiht' theawelyesMrtic
nlaxly cutd in lha way of-bosiaeast aad wha obtained her on such
low tsrms, that the captain determined the nrnt opportunity that of-
tared, to Iheia ott in Utw. awa sxan. ; ils-artsaii with an as
sorted cargo of .- nuticaa'. belonging to . Mesars.. A. Ik- ds Xo. . A.
owned one third, B, one fourth C. one fifth, and D.-one sixth and the
return cargo was to be divided accorUinff lo4lteir mvestments.
In a month or two llie vessel returned from a successful trip to the
west indies, Having on board 00 hogshead o( molasses.
"Howd've do?" exclaimed the cintiiin. meetinu A. on the
wharf; M 1 guess a how you want your third of the sixty bogheads
A. answered in the affirmative, and accordingly received twenty
hogsheads,'- B. totmgrattllated thcapteirf oh hia sucVess, received
his fifteen being a fourth. , C. wiahing he had entered more largely
into the speculation, took his ftrei'rte. or fifth, and D. cursing bis un
lucky stars, received ten, being his sixth.
u 1 say, Nike, said the captain to his mate, chtrcklimr don t
say nothing about them 'ere (Arte hogsheads that are left in Ibe
bold. Every man is satisfied and so am I.' m .
Now, since arithmetical questions have become so much in vogue,
we would ask our readers how it happened that the captain honett-
ly retained three hogshead iu his possession, after having satisfied
his employers T Baltimore Visiter.
AN AWFUL DECLARATrOMatttaaf IRISH LANDLORDS.
We take from the Wexford Freeman the following description
of two men nunied Rodmond and Jackmau, convicted of the barb.
rous murder of the Madoxes j
Upon announcement of the verdict, the prisooer" John "Rodmoiid,
ia a firm aud distmcl toue. oi voice said
"-The yerdict i right rrftrg tmtheTnatTwhomniimdrrhe
aturder but u for Nicholas Jackmau he is a innoeent of it, or of
any participation in it, as (pointing to the bench) your lordahip, Jos
Jackman, woo was condemned yesterday, is also innocent.
This declaration produced a Ihrillinz effect, as well upon the
bench and Jury, as upon the bystanders, all looking at each other
In stupor and silent amazement.
Yes, resumed Redmond, "I am the man who committed the
murder, and for which 1 am willing to eufTer. But landlords and
bad agooU have driven me o eotwtsit th 4e$tinti &mJ1tv 'iAi
tather, who had grown' grey upon tbe farm, and hi numerous and
helpless family beinjr thence expelled bv tnem. . My father was to
and paid it down, and after all was ejected. i I, say again, bad land
birds and bad agents hare forced mo to seek this desperate redress,
I was resolved upon vengeance, and now that t have taken it.' I am
content tyAi..; -
Poor Jackman who all the while stood in a trembling attitude.
hi face as pale as death, nowlell upon hi koees, aaying
. " My blood be upon the jury who condemned me. for aa 1 hone
to appear before my Creator, I am perfectly innocent.
, If a euppry cf fine manure ia on band, acarify y our gross lands,
and then give them a top dressing with manure. . This will great ;
ly increase the quantity of hay. - If yon have reason to think
mole, ems, nxl ibe frost hive fcodcred goo'id uneven, the grass
Witt. If -f' wttafy ' ISti'M fym
parent- - ' - " "
Pi'lJ." We were informed last evening, f hat n -wha"" "
er rwaaalaBwa) was arrested ye-terday af'ei ' ti "
in Bergen woods, with Ihe horse, charged as U-f ? a
participntor, but we are inclined lo b lit-ve that '!.
vtiliao had no accatnfdice-, altfxsjjh he told the hrrnf;.
that; there were flva otuer caiccucd wuk hinw.t...T-,,.
, , Arxtr. Avcry'jcase did-K4 com uafore a Jarr
until Tliursday HhC It coulinued with but ooh b u:'V '--'
recess diiridg thai" day T 'Jtl via reauiited tFrCEya.
A correspondcut of the Boston, Ad vacate w rites; "The
prisoner himself is exceedingly composed, aud collUJ
ed. He its in a chair, by his counsel, as though h
were attending to hi ordinary business. His appear'
ance is entirely prepossessing, and hi manners t-af '
without any show of assurance. 'He looks much yona
ger than his age, which is about 37. His figure at .
tall, thin and rather jpmleeLand ho wear tee :of i!
professional air than is common to clergymen of iiie
denominatibn. He has t partially dark -cnmpVti'n,, . .
dark hair, cut close round his forebeedj and his (He 1
may be called handsome. Hi dress is adapted to liii
profession, with no attempt at display." . - - -
The Newport Mercury of Saturday observes s
veti witnesses have been examined op to last eveniiiy
and some new testimony has been introduced by tbe
prosecution. It is probable, thai most of the eusuinf .
week will be consumed in the trial. It ia attended hy 4
a large number of persons, either as spectators or wit
nesses, among whom are many of the Clergy and mra ,
bera'qf the .Matliudwt connexion in this, and the neigh'-' ?,V
7 ,jnKlALlL)FiAYERT. ;
, v Aslip from tKe Ad vacate Office, cwitain a Jong let -
Wednesday evening. It relates chiefly to the unfavor v
able effect of newspapers pub.lcations of testiinony ,
surmise in capital casesj dec. Mr. Hallet says i , ... '
1 his has been the cause ol the unusual delay tat '
empannellin a jury for his trial, three entire day har J
ing beert occupied in that alone. One hundred -andl
twenty juror have becri returned to the Court, and of
thia number one hundred and two were called bePrra
opinion Opon the qtiestittn, or felt a bias that fnigW..--ffuonce
their iudgmont. If a ju ry, equally fair for tbii
found, the fault I believe must be ascribed solely t
imperfection of human laws and human judgment.
Nearly all the jurors who were set aside, had made up
oars, anon the case, The singular fact was presented ....
hhaTfMding a newspaper, and especially, being
scriberto one, amounted to a disquaimcauvo .-
the jury in this case; and very properly so, becau
they who bad read the facts, had come to Ihe coocltf
ou,either that they were in-ufneient to fy ;J
accused, or that, if they were true, he was guilty otnw t
critne.. Thisataie of mind did not lesve the juror, j
wholly impartial, and therefore be coqld not
Several jurors were also- doelnred inwinpetent, onc
coaai oi WKcjeotots ecmyfe Slt adm I
' fM s