TBM ". WE
-TUB fOWMS SOT DELE8TrD TO TMK Plf ITKD STATES BT THE COSST1TTTTI05, BOB riOHIBITEDSY IT TO Til STATE, IBS BESEEVEB TO THE SlitES BESFECTIVEIT, OB TO THE PEOPLE. AmtnAmtntt to tit CorutilVliot, Article X
Sumter XV ot Volume
7 j Jo. from Commencement, ,1,057.
:CHAS. F. FISHER,
a TVwreaii Casm.rsias w publiahed every Friday.
fci sf auoum, id advance, Or &i f0, if not paid ia
V f . .i. . . rV.i r-m. V.-
aptfeUM iroo, ma uma w auumcrimiii(.r iiw
-yt anil b discontinued ontit all arrearage are paid,
g Uw aWrtl-r w worth the aubiaVrintion ; and (tie fail
an M axxify the EJitor of with discontinue, at leant
' a.vrs the end of the year subscribed for,
..a ar considered new engagement..
y XJTturmmH conspicuously nd eorrectly in
ataa at al per soaare. -of 310 '". Jea fines
f taif ed type) tor the first iimrtHirhand 25 cents
&rH eontinmnc. Cciirt and Judicial advertise-
ars ' per cent h'gbor than the above rates. A An-
of Ml per cent. from tb regular price will
kr le l yeirlf advertisers. (7" Advertisenrsnt
- n f publication, must be marked with the rVn
trrsf nia desired, or they will bu continuaclftill
and cbi'sred accordingly. ., W
T,,:re stmi, all let'em addressed to the Kdi
w m, atnAas, mmsI fret of 'mH,
H AVING removed bis Office to Slid
Hour of Mr. Cowan's Wick row.
imer! occupied b Dr. Anjiliel 8roith,) nearly
pevi Michael Brown's stye, politely tenders his
yrifawMuoail arrviees to the public.
ra!ibury', Augu 21, 1940. P
i) it. ij;m)i:k kiijjw,
1 1 KSPfcCTFULLY offer his professional services to
J I i,(t ritixens of Silisbury, and the surround
ry. Ma" office i in Mr. West's new brick-bu
sarly oPfKMite J. eV W. Sfurphy'a store.
1fs!Mibir,N. C,Aururt 30.1H39. tf.
7--44 AV)( locaW btmaHf' peTBurrtmttft
T..wn of 8AUSBHRY, lenders bis
'.nr.nwioiial aerviees to its cilfcens and the
country, ib all Die varmos branches of his pro
ew Wt.vi Uieotriceof tbe " VV'ea'ern Carolinian."
J(: 3, nv. ly
"IVTOliLD inform his old Iriemla and customer,
' " 1 that he ha on hand seheral supnlv of ar
ticles of a superior quality, iq bis line of buaines.
4itt win do pieitfwa to BcconiiiHviate tnose wno may
lavor bim with a call, on term the most moHeraie.
He earnently requests all those indebted to bim
either by note or account, to come forward and
aeit'.d the same between this and the seat Rowan
Superior Court, a he is obliged to have money to
renew his stock of Cracerioe, cVc. All who do not
comply with thia requeit, may expect to settle with
an officer tin course will be adopted without re
spect to person.
Salisbury, Aug. 2, 1640. , tf.
c'd., at the May Term of Rowan County Court, ltY
.-herebyirohnw eH person Indebted to Baidf Vke"w,wdlhe
trpiIE undersigned bavin; obtained Letter of
M Adniinistration on the Katate of bliza Stuart,
Kstate to make immediate (myment ; and all those
' having claim against the same to present them
for payment, authenticated according to law, with
in the time prescribed by Act of Assembly, or thia
notice wilt be plead in bar of their recovery.
- GEO. L. SMITH, Adm'r.
the soil that dees piouzhinc was of bo use. and 1
that be would kill his bones, by working them so
Our friend Beednd ant what ras wild, but con-
tiiiued on with deep ploughing. When the rmtnd
wat rrpared lor tbe veed, tbe cm tr lb whole
fold was taken from tbe same lot, and that on tbe
deep ploughed land, a we betore'stated, ws pUa
ted but one day 6it. Whe we pawed tbroueb
tin field oa the 27th July, the corn on the deep
ploughed land was more lhaa sii day earlier than
thflt on tbe shallow ploughed land, while .the Jbr
mer bad Car the best color. ' Tbe two piece of com
were aide by sida, the row ran the same way, and
ibe ditkrence was ao atnkinc, that a person would
certainly have thought that there must have been
a diDerence in tbeftime of pUm'.ing of at least a
week! beside a difference in tbe soil ; it all bad
been attended in con field, and by tbw same man,
(lie previous rear.'
It is well known that tbe small Cbroo root of
vegetalio extend to a great depth ia the earth,
where the soil i louae and deep ; and where vege
table thus tiks root they are much leas affected by
but weather better. ;
THE Iiobf, CASE.
. LETTER. OF U R. V AN DtttO-
: WasHlwiToii Anoint, HW.
Sie t I have receive J toot loiter, "ikina mo, lor
yourself, and in bchall of tbe citixun ot" Martin
" county. North Carolina, to give you statetiwflt
of the cane ol Lieutenant Ilooe ol the navy, with
my views upon the subject ; a request Vith which
I do not herniate to comply.
'It appear from the official report of the cats
made by the Secretary of too avy to Cougfe,
that Lieutenant Uooe wJ tneo oy a coon mar.
also. Such has been llie uniform practice under
lira act, and all excitemeut upon the subject baa
buen by that mean avoided. Cut this applies only
to the judicial tribunals of the country. - The law ,
of court martial ha not been framed with o
much care. Tlieif proceedinfs have U-en exclu
sively regulated by act of Congress, without re
Ucuact to State laws or State usage. TIkm act .
have never" prnhtwUf4 .the intnxiuctioo of colored
persona a witnesses ; and hence their frequent, r,
admission in that capacity, particularly ia natal
courts martial, nn of them lirst invariajriy
fiiriiiin a portion of every ship's crew. If it be
wrmj to aJiiui them, the hull i in tbe law, and
the remedy is to be t-uod only in iis alteration.. It
Rowan Co., Sept. 4, 1640.
THE Subscriber informs the
public that he continues the
and vegetatwo, upon shallow ploughed soils, lakes
root but a very small distance into tbe earth. Tbe
soil being turned, op to the action of lbs sub and
air, becomes enlivened, better fitted lor producing
vegetation, and is greatly increased in depth.
It is a great error amonr Cultivators ia tbe
West.lo suppose that because we haw such a rich,
deep and strong, soil, that we need not caution or
skill in its eultivauoa, for th pcrpase of preserving
or increasing it fertility. It is our' opinion, and
we. think we are not alone m this belief, that our
soil, with all its productiveness, can be made oJ
produce a morb larger amount of profit per- acre
than it now does, by a skilful cultivation.
to seek to make such improvement ia their science,.
in icii auiuirawy u lueir aovur anu proou-
tial udoo several charges, nortion of which were i i. aurelv not necessary that I should say to you.
i r. . . . .1 i. ji . ...... ..' ii.jli:. ii'
lor causing several persons to oe noggeu on ootru ) ar, tnat Wis cannot ue acrumpmocu oy me. em..
1 eiiner 10 uisregaiu iu taw mm n mnnum, iKa
rase for doing 'so was presented, or I attempt to .
change its operation, there would indeed be eaui
fur complaint and denunciation. But whilst ( have
not thecoiisiiiuiinnal power to alter the law, I
have no besita'.ioa lu saying that I Lavs not been .
able to discover a snflicieol reasoo why the rule -which
prevaiU with tbe consent and approbation of
u - .L- :.J- :. 1 L 1J K l.
ail IU in Ulilwl, wiwiu w vaitruum w iiiv
m'lt.iaw imhittiulA n ltt AiMinlnr. Tha Wviiilafitia
of Congress oecevarv to accomplish that object
would be very simple, it being only necessary to
providn that the rules, in regard to the admisaioa
of witnesse in this particular, should be tbe aam
in both classes ot courts Some special enactment
in regard to courts martial held at tea, and out of
the jurisdiction of any Stat, anight b necessary,
but could easily be adjusted. r ,
It is thus seen that euorts designed to be useiui
in the matter should be directed t Congress, and.
not to the Executive. V
I am, sir, tery respectfully, . ,
fresh snd genuine
He i prepared to execute all descriptions of work lu pawing through diQereot parts of the country,
in hi line of buiiness in a very superior style, as re- in this State, we have seen ibis truth, strikingly
irard workmanship and materialsjwj wrmjjsnhtiiit Mod. .Asm. Lsaav caavwwad f lhav fact by
'mfrtW?Kn is HftjrdeTby any other eetab-1 actual demooatraUou. WtMtr Prairie Ftrmer.
Imhinent of the kind in this region nf country.
Orders from a. distance thankfully received and
promptly and faithfully executed.
x -a- " a i ' "0 "
larf sor.a ot c- JL
-J5rf, lVfcua-4r:j r.jy
P, Bmrdt, Will i INU
rAPKR. also, a large supply of N
WlaeB and Spirit, (for Medical use,)
tkjulJftuul at. a hoksale aud roUil, aL prices
) w)t tl preawr vf th limes, by
- C B. At IU K. WllEELKR.
. &i'iturv, June lit. l4D. tC. -
Cotton l iirii. . '. -. r-
K riw iibws, A yenlattrtU Leaington
1 liMTaAirVTVdliidnrin'llw' puNie that ther
Wve jurt received sml row offrr far sab), wholesale
4 retail, ths Cuttoq Varna of said Factory, Coo-'
mm of various auiubera.--TI s-jperior quail
t character of the Yarns of this raotory are
wed an4 now? ? to recrii
-TLobc wlanlBig to pur
utt will pleat give
o;. fl. 4i C.
ic wJalilBig topur
s T.a.calL ..
ADVICE TO PURCHASERS OF HORSES.
-1?? w.r",T;'" tb ticOaitMicd abcahL ia4a irst afaea, lesra the
Lexington, Feb. 7, 1840.
'pflE Subscriber having been requested by the
-- late Iv'njimin Austin, deceased, to act a Ad
ministrator oil his estate, lake thia method of in-
f . ., J .1 i ' ! II l . .li
lorming tnose concerneo, m.i ne win appiy w ,ne inrtnjctioo wjM aot4 hjm , u
.next County Court for Rowan cy, or Utters of U lhew t0 fc-
Aaminisiration on the estate ot sain aeceasea; sna
requests all thoae haviqg. BooksvPeriodicabv Pa
pers, selections from his Cabinet of Minerals, or
any other description of property belonging to the
said Beniamin Auttin, dee'd.. to return llw same
names by wbicb horsamea tod teats the dine rent
. . . t . I t J I . L . ' . " .1
pans, dcii n aoouiu a now ui wuai yanauon inaae i.
r., - -.- t J -'t
parr are uaoie, as io sursB, posiiiaa, ana oeyewp.
meat ; sod, to apply this in a useful purpose, be
aaust know what are tbe conaequeoces of these va
ns lions, or, in other words, what iitfluenea they
have upon the home's capacities. Written or oral
expect them to make bis a competent
judge. He must hava recourse to tbe bone for
much fha't "daooot be writteo. After obtaining
what may fee called tbe theory, he ouut obtain the
practice, by actual absctvatioo; aDer learning
what ha m to look fr
of the tinted State chip Vandalia, in disregard
of the internal regulations of said ship, and in di
rect violation of the act for the better government
of the navy ; that he ws acquitted upon ajiortioo
of the charges, and convicted upon the residue;
that in the course of his trial two colored seamen,
belonging to the crew of I he vessel on board of
which he waa serving, were offered ss witoesse
to substantiate a nor Hon of thecharse : that they
were objected to by Lieutenat Hooe, but admitted
by the court, a majority of which was composed
of Southern officers : that the proceeding of the
court martial were referred by the Secretary of
tbe Navy, in tlie absence of the Attorney Gener
al to the Attorney for his District, a native of a
sJaveholding State, and subsequently to the Attor
ney General himself, for their opinion io regard
to the objection which had been made on the tri
al a to the competency of the colored witnesses j
that these gentlemen united in the opinion that in
asinjicb as the testimony given by those witnesses
was not material to the guilt or innocence of Lieu-
benad been convicted, (that jg?wn hfwg.bfig
tfeiaiimir "other testimony.) tlie objection rai
sed to thei competency ought to have no influence
boon the Secretary in passing upon tne unuing
oLthft jourl-lbat xae-scaif fina -or. we..court..oy.
which Lieuteoaot Hone was directed " to be dis-
missd from the West India squadron, afler hay
iris been reprimanded io general order by the Sec
retary of the Nary." wa thereupon approved by
theSeeretary ; and that, upon in appeal to me by
Lieutenant llooe. I declined td interfere with the
The simple question presented by these pro.
ceeding. was whether tbe admission ol illegal
evidence I assuming it to be so) to substantiate
part only of the charges, ought to be allowed to
without delay, or give such information as will iiul ...,,- ma Beruliaritte of eon formation
Ore ils recovery. CHS. K. W HEELER- 1 IL rs before Kim. This is easily snansged by
-August 81. 1840 . rr- . .. - c ) aiteotiveiy, and ina aytematie saaner. examimng
many horses, and comuariog wca wa .
er. It requires many words aid sow time to de
scribe tbe shape of tbe boras ; but aa experienced
eye detects beauties sod tavrwrkVctioa in lb glance
' k a a --aw '' -l-:''.
ol a rnmiiewt--a
botsa tor be
U'lff. "nVMtER, Uook-Bindrr,
.TN FORMS ibaLuliliaiha4-
iiii EWUhmefrt rfthesbtivliind in GMfeianT?
North Carolina, a few doors south of the Mint.
invalidate the finding of the court in regard
those chsrees which wew . established ta4he sal
iafaction of lbs court by other and unquestioned
evidence v in other words, whether Lieutenant
Hooe aught be-snn"ere4 ie avoid h-conse.
quences of a convict ion upon proof sdinitted to
be legal, otfiWaT
ge against him by proof which the accused claim,
ad to be illegaL v Tne Court martial thought not,
ha law nfiWer of the Government thought not
th Secretary iT tb Nayy thought W?-iA I sus
tained their onijed opinion. No principle is bet-
ur aatahliJied in courts of Uvr than that a nca.
trial will never be granted on the ground of the
Uil.i.iim flf iHe tcstimnrrrr when the. verdict
pwrpisWarssosrThas! tense and
. . v. t. a-l lT!Ilw'' 'l.l
, i." .rruprnm iw
jWj-ipur witt be. published, until AhsPresidentisl
Fti.i in Nor-mber, l'MO. witn one numoer aiiei
..-i ... ..... ih mull in detail and an index.
Teiity-s.x huii.bers will-ba issued. A large aurplus
flhefirrt nnmh-ra will be printed; and all persons
ateeriBin? iimoedistelv. wh.we namea and money are
rauwd..iaUur .thai suxplua.idiJlJ.iWl.-w-i
wete ail the number.
r. .' in r,. at I Twelve copies ftlt)
""" ' " -. I .. V .in
Six copies o Tweniy-nvecopica
tad at the same rate for a greater number.
Jtr. Kendall, Me f.Mtmaster General, will contri
Wk tu Una papr until Noveiuner.
Tiie name, of sulwriber piocured upon this Iros
ftdn, and the money,' should be sent dunctly to Aim.
aae said, or thmugh pos mnsters, who are authii
tu bv the Pn-t Office laws and regulations to frank
Seir a-riilea 6y ihtiHtrten, euclosiug money for new-
(Unk miie; current in the section of country wlwr'
l aribcr resides, will be received, provided Uiey
u ki n.n ik.n ten ner cent, below specie in value.
K mpcr will be sent unlet the money be actually
him. But be has serreU a
t . f . . L I l a I k. . Lm. Ik. I
Having, as he eoaeaifBB. a thorough knowledge ol !"T T!r l! ZT Z JT" This dims
who tnav wish to Mtwisa. hJtn,jhMheJr
StauTJia:-i1s. -ill nerceive.
I 1 ' ..l....l m rA aa AawVaBraiaviai tl rWJinaT
i . . I K 1 1 tat WSVUItOlllH ItTI. Wvwt-"
-TiTtu Ai tahbeas Umabt t out, wb her well or UI.' be
D1MIMS OIIU irliawjl lltiviva I -
CllE WlilV TUlIt HVlitt
be bound, will be promptly attended to and care,
fully returned when done. The public are request-
ed to give me a trial.
0- Orders left at the Western Carolinian Of
- fW -will- be-ftrftctunlty f irwartred- for comTdetron.- "
Charlotte, Feb. 7, 1S40.
iiOVVATS LIFE PILLS fcf BITTERS.
cannot but eoasider tbe propenie as the eon
auence of the peculianlie of eonforrnation. Many
ohaervaliuos of this kind at length teach bim what
to exoect from horses poasesssd of a certain form.
U i-byio 4iowevw--h
m thia manner, must be obtained very sfowry. II I
there were no other method, the private purchaser I
could never be so well qualified to judge, fcr kisl
opportunities are very limited when compared with
those of the dealer. let, by adopting me
M..A' AN- Ot' RB?vv
To Mr. EwBirii BrBBas, .
' Jamestown, Martin coantv, N. C
' 1 : . RECAPITULATION.
On the subject of the A bolitim of ilavrru in (he
Dis rict of Columbia, Geo. Uarnson says t
I do sot believe that Conjrea caa abolish slavery.
in th District of Columbia, witlicul lb cuoaent of Vir
ginia and Maryland, and the peopl of tb District. W.
IL ilarrutm. A - sr- ; '
Thus be concedes to Congress the rigkt and sowi
tf to abolish slavery in the District, with th ua
tent of only two Stats.
On this subject Mr. Van tJureo sas : -.-
" I do not hesitate to give it Io yoa a sm deliberste
and weU-cooaiJered opinion, that there-are obtertions to
tlie exercise of th power by Congress, (ib ths pistnet
of ColombiO aiwlhe wktheaof the 8 LA V &l JPLP-
ING STATES, impcratiM tu tkrtr aotar and so
ligation, si the mott flpt)U wl of cunttUulUMol
am will M . .-
And be further cbJllI fli Strafe
an uncompruoiiiing opponent of any attempt, on the
part of Congress, Io sbotish slvsry ta tk DaUriet o
UolUtBlNS, raiOSluiewisoeagi unanTcnoiuin
On the subject oi tlie" a6oniua"iy ilaecrji is tht
State, Gea. Harrison says: ,. '
GRKSS MKiH PA PPttOrRtATB WCTKTTTT A7IT
GIVING PILLS AND PUUUilJt
BITTF.RS. so celebrated, and o much used by meti),ried ia tbe beginning of this paragraph, he
the sfflicted is every part of the eountry, w bow re-1 miy iho same degree of tact ia a much
ceivea ana lor sbib oj ui n-iu-vi
CK&iS &. BOGKR, Agents.
MMara Sraitoa Si Shasklb, in Concord, N. C.,ar
aln Agents fir the same.
P. 8. See advertisement April 4,
shorter petiod. StemrL
n apfitl to trtic linpcwgri;
jpHE Subscriber has on hand
li and for Sale, al his Bbop
, ttBla-,. -re. nt rate EUCt
December 6, 1H39. lf-
LOT77 tt- -
ON the brat of August next, new series of Po
litical Retormer will be commenced. It will be
&nld to aibaeriber in all part of the Union, week
h, atihs' wuKecodeuted-W price of.Twenty-r ive
tints each, uutil the Pn-sidentisl Eloclion-five copies
Otn Dollar twenty fiv copies tor Five Dullars
Ml copies for Ten UdUre," Tbe very exleowve cir
coUtmn h,rk ik. u.i.mnerhaa alread? received, ena-
vVs the PhwrieU to put it at thia unususlly cheap
t. ...... L fi,- I., advorsts Ilia
pm principles o! Jefffwoniaa Democracy, adhering to
sld Ketblien landmark of our political faun,
nksndVvwtinPp.leliiy. No effbrts will be spared in
aiM.irinir to dibue the" pnWi mind of the -moo-
l't iMiWw.NMii ef 'tmr
fsetting to'the ralm, unbiased judgment nf an mtei
Weal people, those ssvuig truth which slob cn coo
ho aa iu our upward and onward paroer of oalional
tWv. t. ' n.
ths Reformer will steadily and se loony advocate
re-ectK of Mart.n Van Btiren to UiePresiden
vf.aad aa .n.i.t nnnrK the nretensioa of the .im-
superannnaled old ma a who haa been pot la
vuimuoo for that high office by tlie Federal Abolition
"'si oartv. Tha Hnnaralleled low pries at which ll
Po!d ta he mililialiad. will enable all loose whose
sna are limited to bocom patrons of tbe paper Our
Deamcratie friends are earnestly requealed to use their
rtama in procuring subscribers, which they will
r" hsnd ui their Po-tmasler, with th request that
wwuld forw,r.l them to Washingtna tuy. or roris
Vs., to Theoplulus Fisk, Editor od Proprietor.
T" M ATC 1 1 LESS SANATIVE.
THIS Mmlieine is for salo by th
uhacriber.at Millodgeville, Mimtgomery co.
War aetiTI-a I d
;'-t IW, b, til'ttAtJE,
February 21, 1510. 1 .
T II E AQRIC ULT PRIST.
In our last ouuiber we gae ome bim upon this
subject, or, upon lis fr$t primeipUi of gW Far-
Mf,f . Hinre rtymg that ineea to our reaoera,
Prtmrtatim of Pumpkimt.W anderalaal
hat Mr. C S. W. Doraey i at thia time feeding
hi milch cow freely on pumpkins of last year's
growth, which are in a state of perfect preservatwo.
The butter is of the bneat quality, and ot tnencn-
ext color, as might be aipected from such SkxL
Hi mode of prearrvmg ao pertectly a vegetable,
which, while it can be kept sound, all consider ao
valuable, but which has generally been found to be
dehcate snd perishable, is' worthy S being "Bated."
VV e amleratand bar system ta be, to cover tne space
m bis barn intended for their areseryaiioB with dry
straw, say a font or IS inches thick. On tbi ia
placed a layer of pumpkins and aa that another
thick tsyer of traaJsuanrBnrfTheTesult is
thst his cows Ksv been supplied ta the present
time with aa abundance af this superior food in a
perfectly sound and pure condition.
fact therein coo
of com a few
aeen a demount ralioQ ot B
Wkile naasinir through a field of corn a
nf ihe lie Id more wrticulariy.which seera-
ed to be in B much mors flounsliiug conditioa tbso
the balance, which of enures caused u to .inquire
,to the cau The soil nd ..tua.ion of the l.nd
j k nmiael the same, and the only
d.ff.rence was in ths sppMrsu- .ue
inq iiry, we were told by our friend, that the lend
was all ploughed at or near the same lime, and
that the corn in the forward place... planted one
day earlier than in the other. Ws inquired if it
was all ploughed by the same hand;-ihe answer
was. that w rmt. lie said the forward rn
belonged Io hi.iKnd be ploughed lbs land himself,
i .Li ha Cdlowed lb dictate uf his beller judg-
nwit. and the advice of eiperienced cultivators,
found registered in an agrwuUural paper, in in
formed u that he ploughed his corn land very deep,
j articular lo avoid what is termed "cut-
,ig .nd covering." or letting the plough
land than it will turn; while his friends m theoth
er sart of the field pkioghoU but very snsiio-,
tending with him, the while, that it a as better for
-It is astimsied that tbw
Waahingtoa projected by the Philadelphia!!, will
.aVUI OuO wliea enmoleled. The base of the
nedeatal at lesimed to be const meted insw rig
bmrf grimtiimf thirteen rfvWetaB!iet 4
tbe first Confederated Bute, of Pewne) Irani mar
hWTha enibelliahmsnts oa tb Pedestal will il-
luatrt four of th most promiaeot scene k th
baa of Weshinnoa. Il will bs an honor ta the
public spirit and patriotism of the city of Peno.
Clever Paa A Isdy ia Calcutta, asked Colonel
Imnaidee for a msnroe : as bs rolled it along the
table tt fell into a piste of kiss m lasts, a kind nf
grape very coresoa in lb t-aat loaiee, npoa wntcn
Dr. lliiater, a gentleman as spioeot for bis wit as
f 1. .11 l: e - - aaJiIm nlwlapit .. Hilar
liif aniM iii im. pwwiM, . .
naturally Maboes 1 s.f-w-Bu-" V . '
f Repertory of Wit.
Thamii obseryad to the M.jur, that ii was ra
tk.r nun at church last evening. Yea, td
the Major 'there was coosideraWe ol l among
the girls. .
fa a ainsle eenturr, four (iosasai wuliitnt
human brings appear on 'he earth act their boy
part sod ik into it peecef id Wwjio- .
j mice i at once obviou to. every ingenious mind.
of the case of Lieutenant Hone, a
wpotif aither W'iy 1h. Wavy
vseuViJul it -doea not, aa youi
touch the Question at la the. legality
of permitting free blacks to testify against white
persons in naval courts martial. It is obviously
not so much tbe individual esse, ss the general
principle, which baa excited your attention, and it
is therefore due lo you to give a wider view of tbe
object. By your State tawi,1laTkf BTsTfoniPired'
from itMtilying against wnits men. i ou very na
turally, as well from thst consideration as from
your own feelings, look with repugnance upno their
admission a wiluease before thu Federal tribunal
The firat auestiou ia. whether tlie Isw ss it now
stands, authorize their admission ; and il it doe,
th next is, whether the law ought to be, and how
can it be changed. Tlie re i no act of Congress
which prohibit the admission of colored persons as
witnesses ia courts martial. It is believed that
ths practice of permitting them to testify, bss been
uniform, and I bare not found that the question
bss ever before been brought up for dnciaion. In
deed, I did not perceive that, except by the ac
cused, the illegality of their ad nissiou is even now
objected to ia soy quarter. Tlie officer constituting
the court, a brg majority "of whom were Southern
aenllemeu. of highly respectable standing, nogni-
avwwf- all their rights, and, in a sense, liable to
tu imputation af being tndisprwed to sustain them,
did not. it appears, hesitate a to the legality of
" V . a W
testimony. -1 be Otatrtct Attorney, Mr. ivey,
declare the witnesses to bsve been competent sa
the law bow stands. -The Judiciary Cummittoe
bow composed of professional gentlemen, at least a
majority of whom could not be suspsciea m a uispo.
Mtioa to screen the Department or the Executive
from respotiaioility, if they had sanctior.ed an ills.
ae) are silent upon " sum-ct, no rne -verr
TUB STATES SO APPLTrM? TO GET RUT or;
THEI ft SLAVFfsnd turther says Ber -iT u
dag area aa otjH sear my fceart is e tmJt. wmolsv
ov ths scapuw axvcjiTS (j ine.gmierniaewA
raiiTKO to tiiia oajscr j" TlV. if.' Jarrtoa.
do not not see oa wbtt authority lbs general gov
tsrnment could interiers with slavsry is tbe Kutes with.
out s Changs of ths lmtitntion,rsea ( IA taMsaes
of ursxa sr ALL of lh tU-JUtmt &ar "
f tf. Va Durea.
Again. Ihe f .llowing question has been recently
pul lo..UrV an Ijureiv-ity xatiam cuamaw
xabeth Uity county, v irgiwa : ,
Would you sanction sny .bill granting mffrnpria
otiont of Ike fuhltc ataaey to asy State, mUicvimg aid
for the enianeipaiioa of thai lves 1"
To thi iwerrogalory, Mr. Vn Buren, oa the
811 of. July, returned the following answer t
"The form of your question prsssnts lor eoaweera- -tion
the pmnt, whether the cmaeot of Ihe slsve Siste
could confsr oa th Federal Government tb Const na
tional power Is apply lb publis fund to tks swaaci-.
patina of their alaves! I anheaiiatingly say that it
coald sot, and Uial I aeser cU g iot mf saaciios I
dkaaMar."Ji. I'aa Burt.
TIMES ARE VERY HARD
Wlert doei the mmry eome from f We per- V
ceive that the I ippecsnoe Assoc istion ol this city,
have appointed tArer hundred delegates to a Wl.
State Convention, at Baton Rouge. Perhaps tha
boat may carry then gratia -if ibey rla otBl
wdl eoH at etrht dollars each, abich is the pries
of fare, about fee tkoumid dJUtr; for goiog and
returning, snd two tktmtand more for expense -(here,
including reTrmehlsTTu w lanf iruicr,""
Ate. Thi need no cornmeot . Real .i? log cabin'
resolution even by which the case of Lieut. Il-we
people do nt eod money ic this way, these isrd
limes, when they cau scarcely get sny thing for
their labor. Added lo this, calculate Ihe ins of
each delegate, for hi time, siy 6vs 4yt, at two
dollars per day each, which will be thra thousand
Tollnrs uiHkinn lue neat hill sura oi Tea thoc
. . . m A iL. a
waa brought before Ingres, aHnougii flenooricing n'a. '
Kji nJlmn wrth arct yehemenca, do. JoL I ! 0y" T, i
Ihe arrreerhitw wrth-rel vehemenca, do. Jiot
Besses was Illegal. 1 ne inauer rema opoo cry
aimnU round. The able men who franesd lb
judicinry act of 1789, wisely adaptodt, as far as
practicable, a many ol mem nao aasisieu in owing
With tb IxMMtlllllton liseu, aim aa iiiej uiu
Prmorrott f Luna tbroagb thaWhig prese
from Msme la Georgia, aad caa yoa find sny it
uunciahon of old Federal men and Federal mea
sureaT Can voo End any oa of ths preaent Whig
ioumaU diaclatming ihst they have ia thmr ranks
1 th Mi LJ at ike old Federal aorta T Caa
most of the early and fundamental act of the o-Jyou iid one of the Whig editor indignmnilf Wis
sernment, to the peculiar condition of th different -W)M rcdW priaonir t When Aw tin and
State composing the confederacy, in resiect to . )Mltg iB4 others of h old Democrats, wt ra de
their local laws snd dmctic institutions. It was j rBlKjmjt Vaiiso and Cetrw from the fierce as-aults
to Ibis end provided, - that the laws of the severs! RuMtu lmj CaJtender, where ibea ws Daniel
Ststes, ixeept where the C-mstitution, Irelties, or
sUlutesofthe United Blales, snail otncrwpwy re
quire or provide, shnll b regarded B ruls of da
cisioa io trials si common law ia tbe court of ihe
United Bute, in esse where they apply. The
conaeqiienqa of thia proioo ia re-peel to-thi
particular q-ieation is, that whm th. Federal
eourtt tit in a StaM where, by it own laws, cwdor
ad Bersoos are prohibited from testifying against
.Koe Mrenna. they sea excluded ia those courts ;i
and when the Slate law tdmit them in tha 8ute
ircosfrr. who sunds forth as the leader nf th
Whig proceana on the 1 0th. of 8ratemberi
(O" Defending the actors ia tha Hartford Co
iim rj Is there now a W big pre thM
doe not endorsf IFrftSTer'sprincinfr Democrats,
reflect and then act. Bwlon Pott.
Can. ttrrioa i aVidedly th most popular can.
' didste that baa ever been before the people.
Gen' Ilarriaoa Is sot hefort tl ssop! at t!L lie is
courts, they era admitted jb the Federal court Iraisd ln egmmitte.
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