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0 / 75
i.ilj lo improve the value thereof.
C XXV. lie U further enacted, Tbxt tberesi
dent end Directore of the Litnrery Fund shall
orepare proper form, to eoaUe tbe chairman of
lh Board of Superintendent and the School
Committee men lo make the return required of
"flew by ihu Act and shall cause the wine to be
'rioted end distributed to the Couniiea wbicb have
voted, of may hereafter vole, for echoolaj aud
ahull dffy ... UifmiMie. i iocMfant" jo the printing
and distribution To! e.ud terraa,u'oilhe LTtirary
XXVI. Btit further jinnckd. That if any Su
Mriiileudenl or Committee uiun, appointed agree
ably lo lite provision of Ihia Act, auch Superin
tendent or IJoiomiitee own having accepted the
appointment, or any clerk oi tSe County Court,
hall refuse or neglect lo perform the duties re
mured of biro by law. be ahull forfeit and pay the
aura offt) dollar-, to be recovered by action of
debt, in the name of the Slate, to any Court of
Record in thie Slate and aucb penalty, when
' recovered, shall be paid over to the chairman of
the Board of superintendent! of Ihe County 10
which said default may occur, Ho be applied aa Ihe
other mouiea which ehall come lo hie hand from
the Literary Fund and Ilia County ; and it ahall dm
the duty of the County Attorney fur Stale lo
prosecute auil in all euch caaee, for and in behalf
01 nis vtmiiiy.
XXVII. Br it further twIrdAThat if the
chairman of Ihe Board of Superintendent halt
tail or neglect to pay, on demand, auy draft which
he may by law be bound to pay, he shall he liable
to Kilt before any, tribunal having cognisance
thereof, m the name of the raon io whose favor
iiul draft mar be drawni and the olaintifl ahall
be entitled to ieovr, over and besidea the BinnuuV,
of aaid draft, twelve per cent, damage for it
XXVIll. Be il furthtr enacted. That thie Art
ahall not be ao construed aa to prevent any County
which baa levied and collected a til, siyrueably to
the provision of the eihtb tection of the at o
un thousand eight hundred and thiriy ight afore-
aid, upon complying with the other requisite of
suid Ail, fom drawing Irom th Literary iund,
at any time before the Aral day"bf Scpteinbei ueit,
lite aiuouul lo which eaid County may bo entitled
unk-r 'he provision of aaid Act; audi payment,
however, to be deemed in the nature of o ad
vauceipcut to aaid Couuly ; it beinjr the true intent
, and meaning of lb j Art lo make all ihe Counties
favorable lo our system of Common Schools, a
dearly equal aa poaaible, by Ihe distribution fo he
made from fit Literary Fund by due Act, uaJer
Ihe ratio provided for io the firt section.
XXIX- Bt it furthtr tnartt J, That the teach
are of any Common School ahall be exempt from
performing military duty, working ou Ihe road, or
srving oo ibe jury, whilst ngged iu aaid Schools.
XXX. And be il further enacted, That Ihw Act
ahall be jn force frotu and after it ratification.
Head three liotea and ratified in General )
Aaaeioblv, Ihia Hie 11 111 day of Jmiu
ary, A. I)., 1041. . - )
THE TOBACCO TRADE. , ;
We have remarked bow all the varib l-eh and
cberwhelb lit divine weed of the Western World
which if e estimate the "eftrcls upon the faumao
lannly , sW.d lead ue raikrr to eel down a bietory
tbatta the) reign of Ferdioai.d aod laabelle, ad
wuurer did project mighty aofl vcy perilous
Y3Sfweja Tobacco, rather
I ihaa America. For ihe Fremh.oao wo eimhVilh
policy with hi rapre- beG-meB w bieoiMelh
I lo tb ublttuet uarboree, ou the wing of tbi our
1 i--au the l,tUiitan who & ilh aa it wire eure-
or rurti, the rawiwaa anJ erwmliee of aia villatmxii
wilb Ibe cajseronve 'framing of in prj tne
Turk whCMeib hn lacy and luxurious apirit at
-. lull Uoath on tba Qoetmt c!ogU.of,IUe bufotnji
iiioriwe the IInhIois to whom the advent or to
bacco era the last and moat tlortou incartwtioo
of VtaUnti, and further M thtXhtneae, with whom
the blooming girl even, faileth out t wear at her
ltffle oiitiW md
eud oraate pi ready I t be umJ al lite Aral noeaip
irnt corner what to all theee io ihie New World,
tut of hehl and ami! a id where be loucned to
earth at the fttt.of hta devout children, ahot up
the brokd areen leaf of the lobarcol It woolil
Hon that tiie wind earth ought In love ut f r it
but mzratitudn ! There jnm.t be Mimiainjj Irtl"
rehirion in the human detitio of ihmlo tb for
abuut ue other uh)ect than thnt, ha- tnrre been so
much contention euch anterlitin2aiitipliiy
lo abaolule loleietioo aurh abominable interfer
ence of law malere auch an incurable proclivity
to turn it into a public trade a gnyarn'tieiit monop.
oli. aod lei the flat dal out to the devotee junt
aoch quantity and quality of the arfcla aa auited
the court intereat. We do not find any eaamplc
of lit aame pervereitr in fv-fard to other am-
'cle of luiurioua riecen-ity. -Tim the AtieieiiU
delitiled their palatee (aee the learned author ol
" Petenne F.ckle, ) with ihiukw ol MutfiJa
(litfrally gum atiokv, or aa the Teutonic rare po
litely dewjjnate it Ttufthdrtrk, Devil ar) yet
we are not informed that any ureefc nr Uoman.or
Persian or Aliicfin Administration ever elatintd
tla eichiKne rich! of manufurturin and ellui
aaf.tida puddmga. But-kt that "ii, and turn
wa to ibe (act.
Of the A italic feguleliono on Ihe luhjict of To ,
bacco, we are isnorant. Put Ihe article ia proJu-
cad to Oi'pply domeatic conaumptioi., aid there u
toarcely any commerce in it betaeen utiitieni
cnunlrwe. No Tobiero ia believed lobe ejnrted
from thia country to Asia. But m H'.rope every
e..uiititf wilU U otehiNf r,f ,-fuHiet:l nturg tir
k'HH ihtnretted in our Tibirco rrnii. Tina amgii-
l.trily i alM to bo remarked, that all cinitri-a in
F.urotie eirepl Great Britain ami Norway, are iiro
"Jucer of Tobacco, oihI that our 'Wii i little uai d
but in mixture, it having a atrenjjth an.) piinjfiiry
hirh no culture haa kuocreJ. d in kivitijj lo Hie
plant in that quarter of the world. Beyond the
neceily for Ihia aeawniini aa it were, of their
on weaker article, with tin-MhiirMr jnici-a f our,
th apeiue of the. European di'maiideih not A je-
rican tobacco. lis ue then I move limited than
we KupiMi'ae though llio fart that in the artic e of
imtr in apite of the Coat, we Mt ill rteimt immtly
on Eurnoe. ia tu the nomt. Tim Gerniilii b-af o
I r the pi,e ia not a Ittue ronaumid in Uu- l :;tifi
Statea, and h indeed an articlt', which lr lU mild
and gentle inspiration, we can coinun'ml lo the I
philiNuiphic portnm of our renders. The culliva
r. , .
tion of tobacco in Europe ia ot exnctly I'.ieretore j
coinpntiiioii with a, nnA the duii on the foremn
leaf ate not exactly protection. This fact is of the
utmost imporianco-T-irmt in Ilt'lpum and Holland,
wheie the dutiea on Amerirnn '.olmcco ere hIio
gether nominal, the domestic (jrowth of the pliittl
ia greater Ihnn in any the aame extent nf country
throughout Europe. In Sweden, too, the duly is
very ligHtl, and thorn are not thnt we know M'. tiny
diacriuiinationa lo our diendvaniHj(e, yel nearly two
thirds of the tobacco conmimed in thnt country in
of Ijroprao growth, and the aame it true of Dun-
mark wkert the consumption of the article ia very
great, tad the duty aa American tobacca ia scarce
ly enough to pay the expense of collection. Pru
ata preaeule a fact Mill utote rernvKaUa. A duty
of 3,31 per hood red pouodaai levied Ameri
can tobacco, while lb oauve cuhitation at eubyx-t
ed to a tu on the land wliieh appear fully eojwi
io mat duty. Jet the luteal aecoimla we hare .
tiie production of tobacco in Proem, ehow that
the crop equalledJia.OOOjOWpounde wor BUU,
"00ft while our owo commercial table allow an
export from tbe United Statea lo Piumm of only
le hhda-t worth lese than 12 000. It doe not ap
pear sii certaiu, therefore thai a free competition
between American and European tobacco would so
eeeenttally benefit the former:
One other fad' and we have done for to-day.
i ne greatest market tor American tobacco in Eu
rope ia in that country where the moat oppressive
duties are levied on il. In Great Britain the cul
I i vat ion is absolutely prohibited, ai(d the cnmnier
cial relatione of that country with Ihe United
.States give ua a natural command of her market.
Charletton Mtrcurj. ,
3 A HUSTON. iY. 0.:
IVIdnj , nareb 3, 1H11.
(KrCxWAln.1 Jvuan has been appointed Post
master atvtuu place, ttee Hisav W. Coasoi
Il will be seen that ti e Kmkt of Philadelphia.
with a lew excepiiouaud iba U i k of liaannore,
it is believed, without eV ptiuu, nitve adopted the
example of the Us at UociAroa,M aaJ agmii
atoppod payioeut. '
If the evil Ij which the Utihed 8tate have of
laUe years beu auujiicled are ever" traced lo their
true source, they will be futij to eouverge oo this
falai institution. They will be tracedVi the poa
eeaaiua aud aUuae uf a power which uonao, or
body of meu, ahould ever b permuted to ex;rie ;
power greater Ibaa any which deptisn ever
usurped, and almost aa invincible as destmy ilacif
When or where did there ever exist a lyraM, who,
by Ihe mere breath of hi nostril, could cause
money lo be plenty or scarce ; who could, by the
exurciMi of bie will aloue, acatter rum and dismay
" throughout the whole land be swayaat anhaana or
depress the value of labor, and every specie of
' property J sport, at plure, with toe hope and
feara of milUoua d men ; diatribute proeperily or
adveisity, aa the husband man ecaitcre bis aee I m
. Ihe GaU l Jeairoy alt coufideuce beiweeo man - I
f :biii antf n'Mialicra
Yefi Wt.tht penplc of th United Sbitet,nen
, ateJ lo ouraelvea a creature witiiout a soul, who
. could da all, and more ihau men with .m1T cau do.
TTWJ voiiimartiy turun tm'ir injctsnitrernie yoae;
lUey set up, not a golden, but a paper call, and tell
r 4ow aial woratiipped Nay, out oulat.wUb
thw, aXter Ibe tdoi waa ovniirowu, tbey created
it again and oow that il bat u;ik once mor un
der the weight ol it own i i jor m 1 1 1 cfj, JlUi? ri. arj .
atneiag loeubetiiute ou4we d J, nntr potent ttisn
; all i ho winch have gim bofore. I tt not vtran,
' that the desceixiauts ol a people, only one geuera
rioa"Teiuovdr wilo T ujfu Wven year to eacapw
foreigo thraldom, should voluutauly submit to a
domestic I) rani of their owu creating t
It Wuuid, indeed, appear a if mankind were do
lined tu b alway dave, in some form or other.
They will wade through river of Wood to r"it
open, iwtiKCf i ppr"si'n an:l w!.eu they have
acliievef t!ie vn;t'.ry, pu-iivy jtld to covert in
Iriguo or secret !(jJ. V';t. i:u. i Its di'iia di
red!), m.)' be myibe : .t:. tue'ii i il iuci!y ; aol
it euoto only uaceaaary t , a;.prm'ii Iroin a new
q lartsr, to take them by - irpnse. Like spend
thrifts, one gonerelion diailmiai 1 1 a b'v yan
that the vior, industry, and prmlviu'd of tn- ir irK
tuliiers ha garuered up for their usa ; and the third
generation is left lo bugiu I lie world again.
Liul it the tiioiiMier really duudt VVe doubt it.
Twice lias it eutiered a a'yurope, a collapse, ami a
nften revived to a 'um,"i jry axiNience. Like Ihe
est, it imt'in to tnn: nam Iivvj, aud like Hydra, a
hundrud head. In tin- lint eipirin gatp, it prated
about " rctumption.' It it evideut, therefore, that
it contemplated ieviinj again, and outliving its
third fit of apopUxy. W it iiout doubt, it looked to
llio grand pan cea, Ihe legislative balani, tu per
form onre Innre the miraclo uf raining tbe dead.
And when we refket on the cobweb it baa wven
around the ko) alone tftaie un the foreign ami do
m-isiio influence which will rally ariund it on tne
(rest orilor, politicians, a id eili'tor, it Imi " a;
courii!.ili'd with business loan." on tho secret
muchieery II hua once, twice, and thrice so njceesa
fully employed un firmer ocvasiiMi, and (hut at this
moment the iajti-ring ol omk man iu the perform
ance of h;i duly may give it n retmvate.i existence,
who -.hall ay'llMt it I dead T
Otir the prctt'iit monster received ita death-blow
t the hand of a single iimn, who, by thnt one act,
evon bud he mt perlormed oilier which place him
in tlifl fiin'tiinKt miik ol mankind, would vliae low
ered utmve u II the ilragon -,1a) era of old. Is there
another mnn living who will inflict a similar roup
df t'nire mi lh bastard ofrprin id lli-it iiMHiater,
bring it uiulor the rums il lia atrowt-d ruud, in
its dying struggle", and enifraveoii the aiour which
covers ill renuiiis, " Hie 'thvxt- kkvkk to wisk
acain I" Wo hoiie and belirve du re lives such o
' ... 1 .. . j e..
man, ami limt m win periorm .... u.,.r w,,,
1 L.. 11 . i u,, , I., I,,,, hit II11IV llilftill.
vor anu hhiwii m" - r
bly sacrilii e himself i Imii, lik t:pHTitwit will be
to save hi country, and become immortal. Globe.
GREAT BIIITAIV ANDCIIIN'
The recent content between (5 real Britain and
China, and it results, mike to addition to that long I
cetaloirut of oppreesioti sod wrong, which the un-
-ilightend Paio have auffired at the hands of I
enlitihleoed Clmatiaoa. It moral ct upon the
pttad world muai bo Ueoaexidouj j wbeo it is seen
tut nation, aoiaetieM eyled the M bulwark of
'wr holy religiao haatxaia establuhed, through
fun and blood, ibe trade in Opium, which tta groaa-
rr demoraliW CbioaiaW becoml .WkU to - -
rier against the iolroductioQ of Chrislianity.
That our readers oay uoderaUod the reasons
wby Great Rritaio haa invaded China and massa
cred her citizen, we will etata to them lew facial
which' may be relied upon aa authentic.
I The importation of Opium haa bneo prohibited
by the law of China, for nearly 'fifty yean. Bui
it haa been exteoaively cultivated by the East In
dia Compauy, in its possessions in India, and by
that Company, haa been ayatemitically omuggled
into China,"in violation of all law, corrupting the
moral, and, destroying the live of lha inhabitante.
In March, 1839; the English merchante al Cantoo
were compelled by tbe Cbineea Government to
aur render their smuggled Opium, valued at 110,.
000,000; and it wa destroyed by order of tbe Go
vernment oi China. , No ooe can dispute Ihe right
of the Government to ooJbroa iia revenue lawa,
even to Ihe destruction of tbe contraband articles.
Yel Great Britain ha invaded China aod masea
cred an unoffending people, on the ground thai they
had insulted her merchants, aod with tbe demand
that tbe value of tbe Opium destroyed ahall be re
fundad. The conquest of China wa easy ( for they
are a people unskilled and unpractised in lha art of
war. Great Britain haa accomplished her object.
The Chinese have agreed to pay Ihe demanded in
demnity, and the former power ia lo hold part of
the terrrtoryof the hitter till the terme of the treaty
are complied with.
The succeaxful termination to Great Brilaio of
thia iniquitous and abominable war, will be lb
mean of forcing the poison upon the Chine, tu
the dust ruction of the moral aod live of the people.
Thi is to advance, directly, the internet of that
monstrous monop-ily, the East India Compauy, and
to add lo ihe revenue of the British crown.
And the British are sending missionaries lo Chi
ne, io order to convert Ihe Heathen to Chrulianu
tg One of thia clasa waa wall answered by a
oalive : " Why do you Cbiietian bring oe Opium,
and bring it directly in defiance of our lew t That
vile drug ha poisoned my eon baa ruiud my
brother and Well nigh led me to beggar my wife
and children. Purely tho who import auch a da-
leienous Vibstsnce, and injure me, for the sake of
gain, cannot wish me well, or ba io possession of a
religion thsl is better than my own. Go, first, and
persuade, your countrymen to relinquieh this nefa
r,.M iraffio, end give a prescription to correct thi
vile habit.aftd tbenl will lieteo to your eibortaliono
An English writer on thia subject eaye: "The
developments of national wickedness are eo per
focily appalling, that, if there is soy virtue or i
uf shame left iu our pnnfrU -tem, the Opium
trade with Chiua will be speedily supressd.,t
But what efli-ct can a eena of shame, or virtu or
the principles of justice have, when tbey come in
Conflict with the " hlnnd mfml " uijU afdMuSM.
of a monarchy T Theee transactions of the British
Government may be dignified with the title of a
n national war," but they are, in troth, nothing lea
than demoralisation, robbery and murder Nbrth
f?aralina Standard. I "
DISTRrBDTlO-T OF THiT 'pflBDCT LAlfJM
Tbe battle for tbe dietributioo of lha surplus rev
eaoe is iu course of repetition at. Wahmg1oo.
Ibe unfurtunate reeult of that blind aipertmeot,
instead of leaching us wisdom, apooare lo have
made us mure obstinate in error. The proposition
io distribute the Public Lands, or rather the pro
ceed of Ihem, involve precisely the earn qua-
lion in all it length and breaatb. It ia only called
by a ditfi rent nam.
We ire told that, almost yery body ie in favor
of this scheme. VV have no doubt of il. We
have read veral resolution which hare been
paeii by State Legialaturv with great unanimity,
in uvor of distribution. Wa expect lo see a great
many more. Even the Legislature of the Empire
State will pees similar aime, w presume, in the
c urse uf a few day. M Divide I divvle T u th
ciy pHsned round in all direction, precisely as it
w is wbuu iheie was aucb an eagerneea lo finger
the iurp!u revenue. There is a wooderlul cbarm
in this idea of dividing and making ua all rich with
our respective shares.
I rue, the nation is in debt to the amount of seva
re'l imlliount upon which th people are paying
interest ; true, Ihe revenue are not sufficient to pay
ita curuul expenses ; true, increased taxation must
be resorted to iu order lo enable Ihe Government
to go un at all ; no matter let ue divide what little
we have let each one grab for hi chare, and ran.
aud may ihe Lord take care of Ibe Government,
and have nx-rcy upon him with tb weaken arm
ami the shortest legs. 1 his is Ihe principle of di
viamn, stripped of all embellishments, and presented
1 'j1'1 hnaviab J
bankrupt, who, seeing that his affair ire going to
il- civ, ri sposeg ut all hia available eftecla, pockets
ail (tie cash he can reach, and then coolly turns hi
buek. upon his creditors.
The distribution ol the revenue arisiog from
limit is even worae, much worse, than the distribu
tion of the surplus revenue. There was some lit
tle excuM for that folly. The money waa actually
ou hand, sim the country was out of debt. Although
the distr button was a very silly act, we had the
money lo distribute li is not so now. We are
actually proposing now tu divide our revenue when
w huve not enough 'o discharge our debts, or pay
the oxpenses of Government. Lfnlaiures are
pausing refHihitioua or instruction lo thia effect, Go
vernor and Seuatoraare recommending it, taking
cure ot the aame time to exhibit to lha "dear peo
ple," in glowing color, the riches about to be
showered upon tliem by lha measure.
The distribution will most certainly lake place.
The State, espeeiallv those that are unable to pay
the interest on iheir debt, are so eager for il that
thuy can baldly wait stir Ihe forma of legislation to
B . V
1 here it morever, such
an universal itching of palms lo receive a portion
ol the mkmU, Hint there is no restraining the general
ru!li. Not my is th Federal Government made
to divide tho surplus revenue and the proceeds of
the Public Lauda, but there appeare to be a dixposi.
lion to loree a divwnn of the tiifrirnt revenu aftioj
for at the very aaoment wheo the naiional Treasury
ia in arrears aome live millions of dollars, we find
the Governor of this State is reeonvneiutinit a call
Cor the fourth ioatalment of the original diatribulioii.
There are those who even go to far aa to recom
mend i landed national debt, rather than not pay
oyer the fourth instalment. Thi is like an inaol
eut Bank that borrowa money out of which to de
cUre divideud, iu Order lo give a character lo its
WW aHUUg IJUU UIU1i IIMr WIVIWVMU, W UM IIWJ
are, in truth, only borrowing mooey and p?'0
intereat upoa it
ilal let na probe this matter a little further. ur
as look at the vast benefit which wo are lo derive
from a divuioo oi aurplua revenues which we do
not possess, what a u the money to come from 7
Wby, from ourselves. Government baa no money
of its own. Every dollar in Ibe Treasury comes
from the pocket of the people. So then Ihia mo
ney which a leneroua Government i recioualy be-
atowa upon ua in bountiful chanties, ia our owo af
ter all. Theee dirty doUara 7 are the very aame
which wo put into the Treasury for the purposes of
Rying the current expense of Government.-
bat trickery m thi then t Wby, inataad of ap
ply mg our mooey to the purpose for wbicb wt paid
it. a creal debt ia created for that obiect. upon
's which wa must pay lb intereet, aod eventually lha
principal, or else wa are fleeced by indirect usa
two, wbila a part of our mooey ia returned oot lo
us but to the Siata Governmeou, to ba aspeuded ia
local UBfvovementa, or disposed of io any other
way that tbey may ata fit. Every dollar, there
fore, distributed amaog Ibo people coat them two.
It ia, io truth, borrowing their mooey aod making
them pay to iolereat.
But auppuae thai thia difficulty did oot oiiat, aod
that Government could divide it revenue without
being guilty of tbi ridiculou absurdity, what U
the great benefit lo be derived from ibe distribution?
How will tbe Bute diapoeo of lha mooey 1 Soma
will appropriate il to luuroai improvements, eo-
rtcbinc ooe aectioa aod impoveriabmf aootber with
mooey which btlooga io common to all. Thia ia
nothing lea than general taxation for local pur
poses, a meatus which oe polittciao dare advocate
openly. Soma will allow it to. ba applied to their
State debta, where it will ha but a drop io the buck
at, but will go eo far toward accompliahmg aa
indirect aaeumplion of State debta by tbe Federal
Government aaolhor measure wbicb do one dare
advocate openly. But suppose it lo bo disposed f
aa Mew York disposed of bar share at the previous
distribution, that ia, by loaning it upoa lauded se
curity to those wno wiah to borrow. Farmer will
flock lo the commiteionera, encumber their proper
ty, thereby reodenng it unsaleable, apeud the
money aa borrowed mooey i usually spool, without
the least economy, and, at last, in a majority of
caaee, loeo their hum to pay tbe debt.
These are aomo of the probable, oay certain
benefit to result from another divemon of Ihe
Wisdom to let alone aucb projects until the nation
should ha free from debt, until her coast dsfaocee
ahould ba completed, until aha ebooM ba placed io
a position to eoceunier tbe asuliii sehisb laeesi
en her, and ootil the taxee of the people are dimio
ibed to the lowest practical attadard. Than, if
we abould find a aurpluo revwoaa in lha Treasury,
it will ba aooo enough, to talk about dividing it
71 tUmmdimg Army. Tb Adjutant General ot
th United State bee made a general return of the
nnhtia of too Statea aod Territerie, of their arm,
ace ootrwnjeiiu, cVbt for th year 1 839 -The bol
number of militia it dowaal 1,492,444.
fordo hoforo Cewatcrion. Th Baltimore Sun
ays, it will be recollected that aomo time inco a
eurt for libel, taa inatitutad by Thaddcua Sutvena,
Eq., against the publiahara of the Magician, a pa
per publiabed at Harrisburg, Pa. Tb grand jury
I fUUIMI .1 W VI,, V 1 1 1W IHVlUt DIH HVIVI1 .HW
I X . . n r a i i i
came to inej, vjot. ronor imenerea aura pnroooea
Thi alory i about aa ludicreu a that f " bang
ing a man first and trying him afterward." JV. Y.
-Staadtri. - - -
Ceanaenaa aer in la L'aited Sri-Tb
Louisiana Advertiser estimate ibe eooeumptioa of Su.
gar in tbe United State at 300,900 hoghads per an .
boo, or ooe hundred aod eighty hill ion of pounds.
Taking tha eot ot tb consumer at the ever- rat
of versa cent, wt bava Ihe earn of $13,000,000 paid
yearly by tbe nation for tha as of thi valuable, aod
now necenary article. '
THE SILK CULTURE.
Wa have observed, with pleasure, that th at
tention of Agriculturists aod other throughout too
United Slates, bava been turned to tha production
Many embarked in tha butinaa last year, aod if
the spirit do not, evaporate, and permit the aban
- dooment of th otrpncw befor it haa had a fair
trial, ear country will ultimately be able lo supply
bar own want, instead of spending from ton to
twenty five million pr annum, ia the punch of
foreign atlka. And thi may ba accomplished with
out subst reeling asamiially from th aggregate of
our ether products, aa the labor of children and
other who are unequal to mor rugged tasks, will
arts le perform nine tenths of tb work required,
while Ibe field will opeo a new price tt female in
dustry which ha been toe long fettered among ue,
a field more favorable to health and more congeni
al lo the independence of American character
fJiaaThe precarious loiirbfdoinesfic service. And
not only will the now unproductive labor, or rath
er eapacity for labor, of our country, find bound
toss employment, but the light end eterile awl
which have beea exhausted by improvident culti
vation, or more naturally unfruitful, .will thus be
made productive beyond Ibe wildest dream of their
Bui all Ihia require time and patience, add thai
akiti whichia only found in connaiion with ex
If any expect t become suddenly rich by the
Silk Culture, it ie hardly a prophecy, to say tbey
ar doomed to disappointment. But he who com
mences on a small scale now, with all tha light
which the record of experienc,' and others can
give hinjj and ia ao .rational at not to calculate on
making a fortune by a business, until h has acqui
red a practical knowledge of il, will be almost cor.
taia in our judgement, eventually to reap a satis
factory reward for hia outlay and industry.
W trust than that thia midden and very gener
al direction of capital, enterpriza and industry to
the Silk culture, will prove no mere bubble, or
transmit enthusiasm. Georgia haa already made
great advancement in thia branch of agriculture,
and w trust tb time is not far distant, when our
own State will more eriouly reflect upon it im
portance. the visionary and th giddy, wbo Iiav rushed
' fnto it with the absurd Idea m makjog a fortune
offhand, will of course a abruptly abandon it
when thev have met with the disappointment which
certainly await them. But Ihoee who have un
derstood their bu.tuesa from the out et,'and enter,
ed upon it with intelligence and common sense,
will be sure to find their ultimato advantage in i
perseverance, wbila they will add million to the
production and permanent wealth of jbur country.
cagrjittd 9. V.,; Aateritter.
A WHIG COVKRNOB
Tbe New York Era, ha the follow ing :
Virginia Vontroetrev.'Wn efceech of Paul
Grout Ihe mecbaaic, ooe of our repreeeniativc in
the State Legislature, which we publwb to day, ia
worthy Ihe perusal of our reader. Coming from
a roan who belonga to, and whose every sympathy'
ia congenial with Ihe feeling aiid iuterestt of the
great producing claies, it will diAiUle receive es
pecial attention. The history of tbe Virginia Con
troversy and Ihe extraordinary circumstancea
connected with Ihe postponenieul of lha reply of
Uovernor Howard lo Uovarnoi Gilmer are Dresent-
ad with force aod cloaroea. Mr. Grout charge
the executive of ibe Bute with having nbmitttd
hie reidg to tit tuptrntion tf thi metro cltrnman
of the eitw of Albany, before transmitting iu What
degrading and disgueting fact to publish to the
aVt Prtotrving Trfuk.kn ingenious me.
chamc at Lancaster, Pat, named Gela, bas invent.
ad a life preeerving trunk which must prove ex
tremely useful in more way than one. It ia eo
designed that every article, whether of clothing,
paper, or money secured in it can never be dam
aged by water, should it be ubmergd for a
month in the deepest depths of the oceau ; beside
this, lb one which baa been exhibited possesses
lb wonderful facility of preserving t'le life of any
one who attache himself to it, a it is ad buoyaul
(bat 390 pound dead weight will oot sink it.
"No man would live hi life over again," is an
old and trua aayiog, which ail can resolve for
tbemselve. At the same time, there are proUi
bly momenta in most meu' live, which they would
livVvr the raat of lifo to regain.
M Man ia born patdoaute of body, but with aa
innate, though secret tendency, to Ihe love if good
io hi mainspring of mind."
In Mocksvilleoo the 19ih ulL, by the Rev. Moses
Brock. Mr. JOHN TAYLOR to Urn HENRIETTA
la Una County, eo th 35th uk, by the Rev. Samual
Roihroek. Mr. TIIOMA.-J J. BKOWN to Mis ELEA
NOR A WAKEFIELD, daughter of Mr. Chsa, Verble.
la Ibis County, on Ibe 25th bit. after a orotraeted
illness. Mw JKXK E , daughter of CapL John McCul
biD, sgeel aaowt 87 jwrm.
aaaeaxaxeaaaaaaxaBasai; mi r l -gaaaaBsaaaaaB
YOU are hereby aommai.ded to pit
rad at th Court-IIou, in the Town
ofMarcb, at 10 o'clock, A. M., armed
according lo law and equipped io i ihe
onrrerm ortne company, tor tti pur
puee of drill and Court martial.
By order of the Captain.
JOHN il. M EANT, O. S.
Salisbury, N. C, March 3, 1841. tp.
isasrVVir-ftf9?., b M
Attention ! OIBceri of 04 tb Regiment.
YOU ar commanded, lo parade el the Court.
Houae, in ibe Town of Salisbury, on Thurs-
day, the let day of April, at 10 o'clock, A. M-,
armed with Side arm, for Drill j and oo Friday,
the, 3d of April, at 9 o'clock, A. M-, with your
respective Companies, armed and equipped u the
law direct, for Review and Inflection.
By order of K. W. LO.NG.Col. Com'dr.
J. M. Bibwit, AdjV I p-
P. 8. Captains are ordered to make Iheir re
turns on the day of Drill. ,
j. i. i;kuv, aoj t.
THE Subscriber, Attorney of John F. Cow.
an admiuistrator of Joseph Cowan, deceased,
hereby eives notice that he w ill receive and collect
ali-lime ia favur of aaiJ Juseidi Caa:aut eUU,.
and pay all demands against tie same, rfurtn j tho
absence of the Administrator.
Kowan County, X. C, M .n h 5, 1 Ul. . 3t
STOP TUVi TllllaF
STOLEN from the Sibe nbrr. on the night of
28ih ult , a dark chemit sorrel mare, between
10 and 14 year old, i bout 11 hands high, rather
dull iu moveiiM-iil uiilt a in coiiipnu .. I i aMi ton
to tbe above the It, the scoundrel helped himsell to
various other arnclis, such aa a brand ne over
coat, a double caed watch, saddle, bi idle, Lc.
WILLIAM AZlla YATH-S,
who is guilty of the above crime, is about twenty
years old, 6 feel 6 inches high, fresh comnlootion.
rath r inclined to be officious in matters, Ac. ; had
on wheu Le lett blue cloth coat about hall worn,
mixed pantaloons, a double breustea striped vest,
and a low crown wool hat. We shall only say that
we will bivo a rensoi abl reward for the apprehen
i iii i f he above vtinan. ai u is supposeo,tiai net
the same man that was whipped atSiatexville.M.L.,
ior stealing a mare troiu VV ni. Tiioniaon, Esq.
Rowan County, N. C, March 5, 1811. tf.
.awi.s ?or Sae Were.
, . i
rt t '