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0 / 75
. Hi, .
THUliSDAY, AUGUST 5, I860.
NEW TISUMS. ......
roiu and'nfter the 1st day of January,
i L..i. -n..i.
lie juwtiii'Mvii iiitcui ni iruici
vU be as follows: - r.
j ve:ir, paid iu advance, $1.50
l payment delayed 3 months, 2,00
UNFURLING THE COLORS.
GEN, LE ACHE S SPEECH.
lyment delayed 12 months 2 50
pleasant party at MrS. F.
place lat Friday evening.
j O - , -'" r? 'l" ?
lie igpecial Term of Kowan Superior
igohie of. our merchants are complain-
;d.iftiaIe being dnlL" Advertise liber-
.ill kur word lor It your trade wit 1
WV. Click to go ith him. -They two
closed themselves in (he store - Three
loaded pistols, an axe- and some whiskey
At precisely 2, p. m.. Mondavi fAnirust were placed on the tables It seems they
2djamid the lively straius of niasic, by expected to be attacked, and had taken
our excellent band, the large aud hand- au ino precautious ior a vigorous
some Democratic Campaign Flag Was on- AyI,a1 an understanding mat jone
furled and hoisted to the piunacle of the should sleep white the other kept watch..
magnificent Dole tlutt had been previous- uunau was Keeping waxen ami li ck aa
ly elected for it in the centre of tlie pub- RleePiuK oa the hvd'
It is supposed that Phelps lay down
acorss the foot of the bed and must have
touched Clik in turning; and Click, (who,
beside being' a somnambulist, hail; hi
brain excited with a few glass of whiskey,
and had gone to sleep expecting to be at-
mes of our leader, Hanek tacke'l' dwaniing that negnn had jen-
rereii me uouse juihikh i iacm imc
lie square. There wVre aliont eight huu
died citizens present, from all 'parts of
the county ; and as 'the tw'a ut if ul,tii -colored
Banner of this glorious - American
Republic grac ful!y. flaunted out no the
breeze, and revealed to. the gaze of the
leople the na
and Jarvis just as the soul fctirriui; air
1- I- .. . ".; - . .1 .
!of the compounded- "
burst upon th ears of thu throng
!:r)ri J. j . Scjimekell Air Representa-
the Legislature: Why T , For his
jj0ufjty, iutegiity and Crliistian virtues.
; ! W. M. li.
i O '
( glacial Hates, a single fare, is ofliiied
the -Saturday nigbt tram of tue Westr
C Railroad passengers to return
lination of llr. J. J. Stewart for the
ifi'atnie, and Mr.,n tit. iliwdocli s Iet-
ruui Lou uon are omitted lor want of
jltancock and Jarvia Club will hold their
lueetiug at ilertmey's Hall, Tuesday
leuderson rni - deliver an address.
; Kuserved seats for the ladies.
j !M I o
. The- Eowan County Sunday School
(ftbtto'n will open at Organ church on
tl,friOthrinst. The annual meeting of
Bt!ie County Bible Society-will be at the
Mine pU'tra on the next day, the llth.
Perpus uesniiig lo .aneim uiese tueei
jpg will rem her tke-time and place.
were ehowu on last Monday, a
Tety natulsotne and elegantly finished
Bng wifh a Xev canopykop.' Mr. W.
M. Kurker uow has the right to manufac
ture hese baggies aud -theione shown us
Uaerfect beauty, all the workmanship
beiuf . lieat and very substantial. ' -
1 AfcooD one. The Democratic people
of &lvan will see iu this paper that the
naml of Dk; 3. J. Scmmeell is lefore
tliliinVls a . candidate for the Legislature.
If they waut a better man than he is they
will lafe to import hi nr from some other
.chanty or State. Can't we give hi m aunau
Mrl W. It. Kester brought to market
e!. x - "
Iswt Saturday, a load of the finest water
aietotfs we jiave seeu this season. They
were fl hi uumbeiv the lightest weighing
3am the heavies 45 lbs., making an av
'mjielpf 35 Jbs. all rouud." VVhocau beat
was! one long
socli as only the trut .warm-heark?d pa
triots of the South can give. j
After the baad had ceaed plaviug, the
crowd was informed there would " be a
8Hech delivered at Merouey's Ilall, to
which 'place all immediately repaired.
We shall not attempt to report id detail,
but will give a brief "outline W the sub
stance of the speech of one of North Car
olina's gifted sons, , ' i
. UOXJAMES 3X. LEACH, 0 i
wh, iu his jHipular and pleasing style,
first drew a comparison between the' can
didates of the two parties ' in onr own
Mate, showing out in glowing contrast
the brilliant records of the uoblel manly
leaders on the Denncratic State ticket.
Hut as Buxton, Barriner and company
had no public record worth . mentioning,
he handled them gently by ilnpiy leav
ing them to all the glory to which they
will ever be able to at tarn that of being
candidates of a party which has its skirts
all liesineared and bhrckeued byHiigh
handed villainies, corruptions and the
unprecedented crimeof fraudulently steal
ing a Presidency Trom a free-boru eople.
, lie next clearly, forcibly and. viiite eh
quently provel, from facts that boldly
stiiud fortli in the public life-history of
Jas. A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur,
axe and sti ucU on the bed, one, two, three
blows, with all bis strength the violence
of his action woke liim from his dream.
As he discovered what he had done, a deep
groan and cry of burrow burst from him
I UAVE KILLED MY BEST FUIESD.",
He took down a horn and blew for the
neighbor-, who soon gathered in and
fon ml to their horror that the three blows
had all taken effect one on the neck,
severing the cervical vertebra?, one ou
the back of the head, peuet rating the hol
low of the skull, and one just above the
shoulder blade. Apparently, Mr. Phelps
without a struggle.
Mr. Click seemed very much troubled,
but explained to those who came in, just
how every thing occurred, the condition of
bis mind, &c. He is a known somuamb
ulist. During the last 12 months especial
ly has he demonstrated his proclivities
in this fespect walking on houses, jump
ing through windows and carrying the
sash with him j goingtothe liver aud ridr
iug iu cauoes was saved from a watery
grave not long since. In fact, he is so
much troubled, tiiat he frequently tied
himself so that if he got up during the
night the cord would wake him.
It is a sad case. Mr. Phelps was well
thought of was an honest, upright, bus
iness man, aud his li ieuds say that drink
ing was his only fault.
Flavin? been solicited . by m&nv friends
from different parts of the county to permit
We!; are at liberty i to announce Dr.
J, j'. ''iini:aerelt as a candidate for a seat
in thjj Jroas? of Commons of the next
Geueral Assembly of Jtlie State subject
to tbtj i jvvilLitf the. people as expressed in
HtaPjrcun County Convention, to be held
-otttl!;23th-iiitaht. Mast Votehs.
"1 J -1 . vr- O
J. Iv. Gkauam, Esq. V find ami!igst
our prl atevt)i iej)tnidenee that the friends
f tliL gehiieman dvsire him t become a
.; adiiuljite jur. the General As-emld.
Mr.UjiUIiiUi i?. welf known espe-'it!ly iu
'At? weMeia ji.il t of the county and would
fi ihhbt make a good, representativi-.
d'- -.hfV-loiig devotion to conservative
. jfn.'ile i'oaiineitd him an a saie and
:rui:ifi'i.v-.v.;l:j. ' . -r
For tbo Watchman.
The Salisliury Examiner and its cones-
t hat both these aspirants for the highest hxmdents desire to excludeSljerill Wag-
position on earth within the gift of man, Convention to be held on Uie 2dth of Au
Irave upon their escutcheons blots both ,r,lfet iUiitant, on the ground as they say,
dark and damnable ; and that the Repub- that he was a "bolter," an "independent,"
licau partv have far surpassed ami put to &c. Can they not see that uo surer course
Al i , e . i i could be -pursued to rivet the friends
the blush even some of its most stalwart of Mr wi rtf0lierf and nuvke theni the
aduerents by placing uetore tne American
people the greatest people on the glolie
and shamelessly asking them to support
and keepiu power such men as 0arfield
The speaker's vindication of the right
and his denunciation of the w rong, back
ed at all points bythe might of truth,
were powerful and telling ; and ke feel
assured that the few honest Republicans,
wlio were present, went away with doubt
ing minds and troubled consciences.
In discussing the merits, the purity and
sublime grandeur of the chatacter ai:d
record of I
QKS. VIXFIELD SCOTT HAKCQCK
and Wm. II. Euglish, the speaker's words
were flashes of enthusiasm which, ta
ken up by the already enthusiastic .crowd,
atjeach pause brought forth thundering
rounds of annlause. amid whie'h! one of
the great speeches of the campaign vlos- .sjjsburv
ed.r -Gen. Leach having K'cupie4l two , riii.klin.
determined opponents "Ot the man who
shall be slipped iu to supersede him T Do
they not kuow that this very course, two
years ago, with tlm same identical man
(Mi. Bingham), as (lie subject, brought
on great confusion in tbeCounty Conven
tion aud resulted disastrously to him,
who, iu Yaet, was the least popular of the
three candidates before that bdy f That
convention undertook to force Mr. Bing-
GENERAL GREENE AND. LORD CORX-
;1.WALUS IX ROWAIf COUNTS
Lossinir in his tield book'! savs that the
village of Salisbury; is the capital of Row
an county, a portion of the "Hornet's Nest'
of the Revolution. , It a place of consid
erable historic note. On account of its ceo-
crmpincm nosuioa ji wanen me place ol
renoezvons oi me niimia preparing lor tue
battlefields; of various regular corps, Amer-
ican ana uruisn, a u ring xue last years vol
the war, and especially as the brief resting
plaee of both armies during Greeners memov
rable retreat." vol. 2 p. 015). The writer is
not aware that the British troops were ever
in Salisbury, eseept once, when Lord Corut
wauis was in pursuit oi ueu. urpene. 4 31 rr
lssing seems to nave oeen peculiarly wnr
fortunate in his visit to Salisbury .MIe secmi
to have seen nothing there that had any his
toric interest, although the house occupied
1 IT I 1 1 . . -
oy vyornnaius, as nis neat ujuaners, was silll
standing there, (Jan. 184U), besides other
buildin-is where the British officers conjjrei
gated, as we thai I see. .He seems however
to have heard of the famous Rowan ''Natur-
al wall." which he locates in Salisbury, andj
s-ipposes to be a part ;of thet circunval-i
lation of a city of the tnonnd builders H
The fact is that about three miles from Sal 4
isbury. and a;ain about nine miles from Sal
isburv, in the direction of Mocksville. there
are "trap dikes," or ' natural Walls of trap
rock. ledea;h the surfai-e of the ground,
trom twelve to fourteen leet deep, and twenty-two
inches thick,, as Lossing says, that
have the appcarauce of lein laid in cement
But this cement is nothing but a tine de
compritioB of the trap! .rock itself, or an
infi'ilation of fine material fcom without.
Mr. Lossing does however give us in his
lxK)k. a beautiful little moonlight sketch of
Trading Ford, showing the point of the
Island, and the row of. stakes that then
stood there to guard the stranger from the
deep water below. There Gen. Greene, with
Gen. Morgan and his light troops, crossed
the Yadkin, Feb. 2, 1781.
After the unfortunate battle of Camden,
Aug lil. 1780, Gen. Gates was superseded bv
General Greene, who immediately proceeded
to his field of labor. Passing through Dela
ware, Maryland and Virginia, and ascer
taining what supplies ha was likely to ob
tain froin these States, lie hastened on to
Charlotte, the headquarters of the Southern
Army, where he took forma! command, Dee.
3, 1780. Cornwaliis hid, fallen back to
Winnshoro. Gre,-ne divided his little army
se idinar the larg r portion to the: Pee Dee,
noar Cheraw, a out sev'cntv miles to the
right of Lord Co-nwallisi The other por
tion consisting of about one thousand troop?
he sent under General Morgan, about fifty
miles to the hft of Cornwallis, to the junc
tion of Broad and Pacolet Rivers in Union
District, Skmth Carolina, j Gen, Morgan with
his little force gained the1 memorable battle
of the Cowpens over Col.fTarleton, January
17,1781. Col. Tarleton ,with the remnant
of his troops retreated precipitately to the
mam army ot Cornwauis while Genera
Morgan with his prisoners, hastily crossec
the Broad River, and pressed toward the
Catawba, to effect a jncction with General
Greene. This brought, on the. famous re
treat cf Greene, a military mameuvre, that
will not compare unfavorably, with Xcno
phon's famous ''Retreat of the Ten Thous
and." Mortified at the disaster that had befal-
my name to be used before the Democratic Corroy dull good Middlings, I 10J
Convention jis a candidate for the Legist- puddling t If)
tureIhave invariably answered I did pot I lo.w.,. do . 78
deKir th nnminnl inn . A th nnmarr I . ' . . . . - Stain ir; a
elections will shortly come on and other JBacox, county, hog round, ft 110
Democratic Irienus nave been presented lor J iJUTTER-r-
the same position J feel it a duty I owe my-1 Eoos ' ...
self and others to publicly withdraw my I nicKEXs -per dozes
name, as there may be less difficulty in unit-1 Cons 2s ew
mr on some other man. I aie.u uioUfrateUemand at:
I tender my sincere thanks to my many I Wheat -good demand at . M 751.10
riends for the interest they have nhown in I FLOCR--ltst fan. 2.R.1
my behalf, and will pledge myself as I have
always done, cordially to support the nom
inees of the Democratic party.
J U. rxiocixai
Examiner please copy.
upon the people of the county, aud the
poeple of theuouuty rebuked the shame- j ien his favorite officer, Tarlton.and hopingto
less enort by electing Mr. w aggoner. j recover the prisoners-carried away, by Gen
ley ttv the same game oyer again 1 1 Morgan, ('ornwallis lie dan his pursuit 01
Will they tty
lfthev do.it will result, as it
years ago. Their candidate (unless fair
ly aud squarely nominated), will Vie de
feated as he ought to lie.
The Examiner's Frankliu correspond
ent says Waggoner fell short in Demo
cratic 'votes in 1878. He gave as uo fig
ures to show the vote.au important otitis
sion, which 1 take this occasion lo supply
as follows :
Iw-shiis. 1 Waggon kk. BftoiiAM.
hours and ten minutes in its '.ciivi v.
Fei'.ow De m oe rates of Xorrh i' uoli
iia, we an- fufe lo fiaserln;g ri:at od Kow
an is thoroughly moused, aid unless Im-al
dissensions break her phalanx se will
shoot hi'r biggest gun in November for
true republic tn principles, civil I'vi edotn
ui-il st !'ove.r)iueii ir'?er I V-iiocrat-
v oi. Irish,
.Ml. Li ia,
'iu tltftqtci, a statement of
, aou rep;juiisli
Dra. Rep Tot. I n in Ktp i';.
128 J39 437 loU 46 17H
;,1 35 120; i 12 40 1 .2
. 55 2") Koi st iu 41
45 (58 1 1 .'. 20 Ht"i
: 72 90 162 4.) Wi 4.
i 7G 68 114 ; 00 5j
152 00 207 4G W 4(i
; S? 45 13- tA 10 ti
I 42 10 -VJ 14 00 14
i tn 9 4t 00 -i-
I :?3 00 o.v -vj y
i 00 5-
penditkres for.each vear since IrfGS. We
1. , '. .. . .
' liat I'd exhibit was gotten up uu
fer tli4uieriiou if Treasurer Worth,
l tlit ft may be relietl as correct.
CHiiduiates and others taking part in this
yw's lanvass, kliotild havethis table at
lift A careful study of it will show
'"lirllit facts to the" credit of the Dem-
A DKUXKEX AND ISSOLKXT XF.tiUO SHOT
FOR FOKClBLK ENTUANCli. j.
J. SomiuimbulinfM Dreadful Iked A Man
"craticjnarfy, and its convenience in the-
'aw of (fiscussi'Mi is not the least part of
hniW . 0. ' ' -
SI-BOATES TO - THE COUNTY CoXVES-
Tiox.--Ve would suggest to our Demo
pitic friends in the several townships.
fc'fctioii of delegates to the Count v
-")iion. possible. Seud up men of
Ua(lS ailll boiiml liKltrinout Viotn
ni'lH'aiihcPft it is likelv that therr-will
" uo general agreement by the townships
".wiuucr to the Legislature, and
i vvumy convention may have to
"tKie selection. In that case it u ap
ltut f 'dr ,le delegates should lie meu
u inarm a tn, in,...,.... . ...:n
11 ;v luniuciii, huu ruv.ii i will uo
"J W bniiL' to tlm w ork m iae voitli ami
nij A harmonious, and orderly eon-
wiiiive great pleasure to the
inlnre a grand victory. It is the
, ri"f the Democratic people of this
u to rout RadjcaUsm horse, f.xt
""artUWr unA tat- nncUccinn
C. K(,WiU hould be in the frou
i "u. anu w,ii be jf ber best meu are put
1 11 ri rv . 1
-M 111 1 1 r " n I
t. . b- - n o
PiiivirrnivftQ Th .Tua.
l!!if I' eae met at the Court Iloutie
"v xo elect a R.iail of County Com-
lt4- : ' ax.. vs va w vim avp m
"ore, ta . iv k ti:. r r v.a.i 1
iL'rl".; Wm.'M, Kiucaid. aud G. A
t Ilia ItoQf.l i .
i;u . viHtiuiseiiar!iBa iiisirresoui.
L.!5ue6to tys satisfaction oTthecoun ty
ne uavenniiloa l.o i. ..,1,
I )r 1 - ? . - - - .mvi. iif, oiij vuUbU vuujir
jtfth ,orthe puWc gowU The affiii is
V.C .uv are 10 excellent condition.
,il V-' f nepestUourt House and the best
''DiWfRteru Xortb Carolina. Wehavea
we believe it is
i?l"5fl. .The county
be pl W aU demands as presented.
iitK i'H-lwive managed for; the eouutv
laalr ze!kl watchfulness such as meir
in,.,'- u regara 10 meir own
We bono they willcon-
N'ot-llr. George R. McNeill
taiWrates raised the pay of the
eonjortheanferior Court to 3 a
Ou last Saturday eveuiig, at a small
store iu what is kuowims "Horse Shoe
Neck,' Davidson county, some -negroes
gathered, as is their custom on Saturday
evenings. IN. 3d. nieips was me pro
prietor of the store, and Alfred Phelps,
his brother, was in charge.I The uegroo
were drinking, and one in particular,
Pies. Hairston, obstreperous and insulting
1 n h is man ner. Al fi ed Htel pw ordered
him to leave the store the uegro refusiug
to obey. After ordering him tuit veral
times, Mr. Phelps, desiriug no distur
banee, gave Hairston 50 ceuts to leave.
He did so, but came back about the
time Phelps had closed the store, and de
manded admittance. Phelps refused to
admit him, when the negro said that lie
would foice down the door, if he was uot
allowed to come lu otherwise, mem
replied that if he broke iu, he would jshoot
him. The tiegyo broke the' diM fasten
ings aud entered the store. Phelps! call
ed to hm to "keep out," at the same time
discharging his pistol; the first three
shots were fired into the ceiling, for the
purpose of frightening the darkey, llair-
stou was drinkiug and made at Pfielp
and was about to take hold of him, when
Phelps discharged one, shot iu to, the ue
gvo's side. This aeemed to sober bint and
uie lettr--not nurt seriously, as ue was seen
at church the next day. He is now under
. . - -.. . ' 1
arrest. I This ends the. story of ibaturday
evening, but leaves a more sad and dread
ful one to tell. v 8 r'
r ' VY ! SUXDAT KIGUt r' ! . :
following the drunken brawl just rehears-
ls out Of debtcd, found Alfred Phelps still under: ap
prehensions that this negro would return
and commit some dee4 of revenge for
his slight hurt. So fye. appealed Ito; his
brother U. II. Phelps to take his place,
ami alio w'hini to go home (they Jive in
Davie, county), to which Uriah .agreed
but on consideration, thought it best to
No.v take Bingham's Democratic vote
723 lroiu Waggoner's Democratic vote
1)41 and we have 213 Democratic majority
for the latter.
It auv one doubts the correctness ot the
thrive tabulated statement they can ver-
f it by the original records from which
' " - - . . am. -
it was coined. 1 here will tie no denial
except as to the proportion of the Kepub-
lieau votes assi-ueii to eacu candidate.
But the above estimate was made on the
most liberal basis possible for Mr. Bing
ham to whom is assigned Bepubiicau
votes iu the county, thus leaving huu the
lamest itoasible Democratic vote. It is
idle to talk alout his receiving a majori
ty of Democratic votes. Giving him his
whole vote. eo4. ami adding to it im, an
the Republican votes as-igu d to Wa-
... .ill I -"jr
goner, and u aggouer 1 sun aue.ui ot .
Mr. Bingham tell behiud Vance's vote
over l,oOD. 4
But to returu : It will be oosesvtsl tliaf
Biimhant's democratic vote was I his
taken from WaggonorV democratic vote;,
4J, leaves a majoiity otCl3 in fivor oi
Waimoner. Tins shows mat "ine uoot is
on toth er leg that Mr. Bingham not
.Mr. WaggoTier); was the man who tell
short in 1 a rat i.e. voles. Mr. Bingham
J take a friends - Accordingly, lie begge4.
was the lii;ii!UO.f man iu
sarts. demoeratic aud lemutiiciii. Aor
was it the result of anv lac ot ettort on
his part or of his f lief ids. He m.ule the
biiraest sireet-hes, cai rieil with him around
on the canvass the biggest force of ue-
gvo canvassers, and it is said did the
heaviest treating. And yet ho came in
on the day of the election
731 VOTES BEHIND
his quiet and orderly oppoueut, Mr. Wag-
.- -m . y . a. I
goner, oi votes majority ior me man
whom the Examiner aud its moou-strucK
crrespoudent deuounce as a "bolter,"
"indeiieudent," fcc.. wlto should be ex
cluded from the privileges of the county
couventiou. What modesty I 1 hey' ask
the people to drop the man w ith the vote
of 1585 and take up one who came "in 731
votes behind him ! Whyt Some say he
has-been in long euough.- Others say he
don't do any thiug for , the party. Some
others (a few) deuounce him as a "bolter."
The people of Rowan know all about this
"boltiug," business. They considered it
two years ago and set their heel upon it
with crushing force, j Don't try to bring
it to life. It is dead as a snake hung up
to bring rain. ' And as to his having been
in long enough, it cannot be said he has
grown negligent of his duties; arid faith
folness in office is all the - people' require
of a sheriff. They do not want political
evangelist logo al6ut among them breach
ing politics; nor a snake in. the grass to
to work against their favorite man for
Congress or the Legislature,
5Rit uts pursuit; on
the 25th of January. " At(RamsourVMil!8
Lincolntnn he .destroyed, allhis'kUperflHous
b:iy,'.r:-,e and hastened towards the Cataw
ba River, hoping to overtake Morgan, en
cumbered a he was with prisoners,, before
he eoul Jeffi-ct a junction with Geri. Greene's
maiu army, sup(used to be now hastening
up from Cheraw. But we will probably get
a clearer idea of this affair bv following
each uartv in succession, one at a time,
On the sa'ne day that Cornwallis began
his purs tit Jan. 2 t 178! Gen. Greene
was apprised of .Morgan f victory at Cow
pens and "ordered Gen. Stevens, with his
bodv of Virginia militia, whose term of
-crvio' wa.- about ; expiring, to hasten to
( 'li.n io te. relieve Morgan of his prisoners,1
ami convey, them to Charlottesville, Va.,
while he himself left the eamp on Pee Dee.
under Generals linger and Williams, and
hastened, with one aid and two or three
mounted miliiia. to meet Morgan on the
Catawba On the route he was informed of
' i' po-M'- "! C'rival!is, and iurneiliatelv
I IT . ... 1 I.
i- ... i. . t. ;u ,.,i iiuer 10 urea
;iie Ua:np on the Pee Dee aud meet Mor
gan in Salisbury or Charlotte. Gen. Greene
rca-.-hed Sherrill's Ford on the Catawb;!, ten
or nfteeu miles above Beattie's Ford, on the
list of January, meeting general Morgan
there, aud taking charge of the future move
ments of his detachment. Gen. Greene im
mediateljrplaccd the prisoners in the hands
of Morgan's militia, to le carried to Virgin
ia by a more northern route, while Morgan,
.vith his live hundred regulars, was left un
encumlK.Tcd, and ordered to guard the Fords
of the Catawba. On the same day General
Greene issued a stirring appeal to Col. Locke
of Rowan, urging him to jp moody the mili
tia and hasten to his assistance. But so
mauy of the soldiers of Rowan were prison
ers of war at this. time, and the fords of the
Ca ta w ba were, w' D umeroua. and the enemy
so near, that very little could lie done to
stay their'progress. General William David
son succeeded in collecting 300 militia, and
.va posted at Cowan's Ford, 3-few miles
lielow Beattie's Ford, while Morgan '-with
his regulars was higher up the river. In
order to create the impression that the Brit
ish would cross at Beatlie's Ford. Cornwal
lis sent Col. Webster with hii brigade to
that point, while he with the main body of
ill's armv decau.ucd at mKitnghl, and hast
eaed to Cowan's Font, whir h he reached a
Jhttie be!re dawn, Feb. 1, i.181. Plunging
Into (he stream, nearly five' bunds red vrus
jwide. and waist deep, the , Bi :il:sh soon
f.-ai !ul the Mecklenburg s;ore.wh re they
Were re eived by Gtn. DaividMin and his
three hundred niiiitia wilh a galling tire.
Tlie guide having deserted the British at
the first shot of the sehtincli they misled the
ford, and came out a considerable distance
almvc the place where General Davidson
was .stationed. Davidson at once led his
men to that part of the bunk which faced
tihe British. But by the time of his arrival,
tiie light-infantry' had reached the shore, and
quickly forming, they won dispersed the
handful of patriots. Gen. Davidson wns the
list to leave the ground, and as he was
riountlng his hor-c to hiake his est ape, he
received a mortal w.ourjd. Dr. Carmhers
states that Geii. 'Datidsbn was killed b a
siiot fired bv Freileric! Hager, a German
torv. who piloted the British across the rJiv-;
er; but this statementoes.not agree with
tljie generally accreditedlstoryt that the-pilot
deserted at the sentinel's first fire. He
was killed in Dr. Samlij;.a3rcCorkVs
gfeat coat, which he bad; borrowed the day
before. The Rev. TbosJ, IL McCaule, an
other Presbyterian minister, with Col. Wm.
Polk accompanied Gen. Davidson to the riv
er; that morning. And when Cornwallis, af
ter tarrying about three hburs, for the pur
pose of burying his dead,- had proceeded in
the direction of, Salisbury,- David "Wilson
and Richard Barry, both oL Whom wire at
the skirmish that morning, returned, . and
secured the body of General Davidson, and
on the following September ordered a mon
ument, costing not more than $300, to be
erected to, his. memory, but the resolution
was never carried, out. But it is a pleasing
fact that a half century later there was es
tablished near that place an' institution of
learning that was named Davidson College,
Mter the brave enA atriotic general. His
sont Win. Lee Davidson,J2sq. was an early
friend and patron of the College, gave the
lands upon which it is situated to the Trus
tees, and when leaving this State placed his
father' trusty sword in the College. - There
it hangs to-day in the College Museum.
1 From Cowan's Ford, the British pressed
On and soon met Col. Webster's division.
whwhr had crossed at Beattie's Ford, at
Torrence's Tavern ; which Lord Cornwallis,
i ins general orders styles, "Cross roads to
ballisbury," and Tarleton in his mnp desig-
n:itP4 i9 -Tarrant'. TUi :T i .
two miles above. Davidson r,n,.a
within a quarter of a mile from where Cen-
tre Depot" on the Atlantic Tennessee and
Ohio Rail Road, now stands. Thev brimeil
the house of Mr. Torrence, of John Brevard,
Gen. Davidson's father-in-law and set fire
to Moses YV inflow's '..house; but the fire was
extinguished bv order of Lord Cornwallis.
At Torrence's Tavern. Col. Tarleton with his
light horse, found about three hundred
American militia, with a motlev comnanv
of refugees, in their wagons, from South
Carolina and elsewhere, fleeing for safetv.
rm 1 . . . . " - . y.
l arieion made an onslaught uixm these, kill
ed a few of the militia, less than ten. and
scattered the refugees. He sustained a loss
of seven men, and twenty horses, in this ac-
iiou. mis was about two o clock in the
afternoon. From Cornwallis's order book
We learn that the British army encamped at
l uiicuccs uiui. nigni, anu negan its inarcn
ir pursuit of Greene, at half past five o'clock
oh the morning of the second of February.
From Tarleton's map we learn that the route
ot the army was almost directly eastward
tor some fifteen or twenty miles, to a ioint
winch is caller! "Grimes," southwest of Sal
isbury. This was probably Graham's nlan
tation, on the w-est side of Grant's Creek
near "Wiseman's mill." This was in the im
mediate neighborhood of Gen. Rutherford
residence, among the Lockes, Grahams.
Brandons, Nesbits and Allisons. Lord Corn
wallis designates his head-quarters for that
day "Cant hard s Plantation." - As the Reg
istry ot Deeds shows no such name as "Can
thard," this is probably a mistake for soru
other name. And since the "Order Book,"
as '.we! I as Tarleton's map. is full of errors in
the spelling ot names, arising trom the lac
mat tueir iniormaimn as to localities was
frequently derived from ignorant person?
the better class keeping out of the way it
is easy to see how a stranger in hot pursuit
ol an enemy would confound familiar names.
Or: perhaps the printer might easily mis-read
a manuscript written in haste, by a busy sec
retary. It is probable therefore that instead
of vCanthards" we should read "Ruther
ford's Plantation. From "Wiseman's Mill"
there may be seen at many places, the deep
cut bed of an old road, crossing the county
westward and passing a little southward, of
Villa Frar.ca, the residence of the late Dr.
F. N. Luckcy. This road probably led on
pail ''Atwell's'' old place.pastGcneral Kerr's,
now Mr. Hedrick'a residence, and so on past
Spring Grove, Cross Keys and on to Tor
rence's. This vas once called the "old Wil
mington Road." Having left Torrence's at
half past .five that morning Feb. 2d a
march of fifteen or eighteen miles would
bring them to "Rutherford's Plantation,"
Any one acquainted with these roads in mid
winter, after a hard day's rain, will consider
this a good half day's march.
But Gen. Morgan was ahead of them,
and the Yadkin was about fifteen miles
from this post. There was therefore but a
slioft restj and they were on the march
again. In a few miles they fell into the old
"Trading Path," live or six miles south of
Salisbury. And asdarkness gathered around
them, we conceive that they would be pass
ing along that old "Pathway," then the
Great South Road, somewhere about the
western slopes of Dunn's Mountain, in haste
to reach Trading Ford lielbre Morgan should
cross. Lord Cornwallis appears to have
halted at a place which he styles "Camp
Cassington." a fanciful name perhaps. This
place may have Inen at a point about four
mdes east of Salisbury, between the resi
dence of Dr. I.. W. Jones and the Rail Road.
We are led to this conjecture, from the fact
that there is quite a number of graves in the
forest at that point, and no one can account
for their being there, except on some such
hypothesis. But while Cornwallis halted.
he sent forward Gen. O'Hara, Col. Tarleton,
and the Hessian Regiment of Bose to the
Trading Find, hoping to find Morgan on
the western bank. But the hope was a vain
one. Morgan had crossed early in the even
ing, securing all the boats and flats on the
eastern side. When therefore O'llara and
Tarlton reached the Ford at midnight, they
found only a small detachment of American
rifleman, left there to guard some wagons
and stores belonging to the frightened coun
try .people, who were fleeing from the Brit
ish armv. A slight skirmish ensued, but
the Americans escaped in the darkness. It
was those who were killed at this skirmish
as w'ell as some wounded outs that were
brought from Cowan's Ford and Torrence's
tliat' vie sunrise to have been buried at
"Camp Cassington "
During the night the river, already swol
len bv recent rains, and always pretty deep
in winter, arose to an impassable height
and cut off all hope of pursuing the Ameri
can tmoiM on that route. It was now the
third of February, and the British troops
after r annooading across the river from the
"Hcbdits of Gowerie," at the rear of the
Americans, turned to retrace their step:
and either wait till the river fell or seek an
The following extract from the Minutes
nf tin Tn ferior Court of Rowan, fixes these
dates bevond dispute:
"Be ifremembered that the British army
marched into Salisbury on Saturday preced
tuk F.-hnii.rv term. 1781. and continued
1111. -M. ..... .
in towh till Mondav night or Tuesday morn
ing following: therefore the Court was not
called according to last adjournment.
The minutes of this term were transcrib
ed from Mr. GitTord's rough minutes."
(Signed) "Ad. Osboex, C. C. C."
A calculation, carefully made, from the
Court Records, shows that the ''Saturday
preceding the February term of 1781, fell
on the third day of February, and co incides
with the foregoing account of the march, as
-ll4a ihn "Order Book " of Lord Corn
wallis I There has been some confusion of
dates upon this point by various writers :
Dr. Hunter, in his Sketches, bringing the
British to Salisbury on the night of the first
of February, and Lossing on the night of
second.; The truth appears to be that the
main armv of the. British passed near Salis
bury on ;the evening of the second, and re
turned and occupied theTown on Saturday
the third. - It is however probable that a
squadron of dragoons pas-ed through the
Town'ori the second,-where Tarleton says,
some emissaries informed him that Morgan
was at the Trading Ford, but had not cross
ed the river.'!- --;';;; ' r. T " .'
s J Corrected by J. M. Krox ac Co!
A eg.' 5
ATTENTION DEMOCRATS 1
The Democratic partv of Franklin are re
spectfully invited to attend a public meet
ing to oe held at Franklin Academr at 10
o'clock a. in. on Saturday the 14th instant.
The Hon. Charles Price and other disting
uished speakers will address the people on
the occasion. The ladles are etoeciallv in
vited to attend. -Let every Iwwlv come.
W. R. Fralev, ) "Executive
.1 R, J. Haltom V
J. B. Ford, ) Committee.
Examiner and Democrat, please copy.
Oniosh no demand
Apples, dried V
Talk about the Hancock boom playing
out. It has just begun.. Wait a few
weeks until it has got fairly under way,
and then be wicked enough to stand be
fore it. It would be wuer to oppose Ni
agara's rush or the fearful momentum of
an Alpine avalanche, or even to get in
TO Willi AT OnOWKHs.As jt
is about time you were cettingrendv voftr
compost heaps; I again offer: vou.the besf
and higWst grade of 'Acid fPipsphatesn-
ior comKsiiug. call at once ud secure
what you may waut. Will also have on
hand the "Old Reliable," "Nivassan &
"Pacific' G nano of high grades for'wheat.
Parties wauting tlie Genuine No. Pern-
vian Guano, will do well' to leave their
orders with me in time. ; i -
August. 4th 1880. - 4C:tf
-Mrs. Kliffmclleh. head of . tlie tart de
partment of Simontou College. ill make
the way of some lively lightning. No, Crayon I)rtraits, life bizaJVomPllotographs,
no. It is "growing hourly, and the wise at moderate charges. CaJl on Mji. KJacd
man seeth it coming, rushingS4id roaring gee specimens at Captain Beairsf Tesideiice.
and he adapteth himself accordingly. " ' P'
When it becomes necessary to "lock
up a peaceful aud law abiding citizen, to
prevent his murder by a brace of blood
thirsty miscreants, matters are really get
ting serious. It isthe avowed intention
of this pair of brutal bullies to regulate Mc3 Vork
.... r O . i i: rrl . I c.i. .,,..,!,...
io oicoa ui ouuiu vuroiiuii. Aiiere uiu.si ciuun,.,,
be no unpleasant allusions to the recent
murder. Col. Cash must be treated as a
man of unsullied honor, as he aud his son,
armed to the teeth, will fall on any editor
who offends and shoot him down like a
dog. We can think of no reined v half so
ikely to effect a radical cure in this case
as a judicious and timely application of
hemp to the old man and a bull-whip to Cora White in Hulk..
tue son. l he code has had its dav. and
Just received at A. C. Harris
a fine lot of No. 1. Cigars
and French Candiej." -
St. Louis Market Qnotatons
Prices given are for goods aboard 4ars or . boat
ready tor shipment to destluatlyu. i
buried it. in Hopewell c
same nitbt by torch light.
lurch yard that
Ciear Kill Sides...
?' 44 Clear sues:.......
Bacon Shoulders .-
44 CUear lilb sides ..
" Clear Sldea
" , Canvased
V.es3 Beef ;
Flour Kxt ra Fancy
..Fer lb. -
at . !
. " i !6
..Per bUi I
even in its zenith it was never intended o:its Mivon in'mni.-
44 44 44 Sacks..;
to shield such fellows as these Cashes
from the blows of outraged law. Il'ni.
Prices on Iloiscsi. Mules. Wacons, Macltlnery Frm
Impleiii'-nis, Field and urasH seeda etc., given on
application. :. . -
Wa. M. P21ICE & CO.
HOBTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
TRAILS liUtU KASf.
Dally, j Ualb'. 1 1
Date, May 15, isso.
Arrive at Greensboro
8 so a rn
6 i3 44
b 10 44
S SO "
1 1 in
4 lo p.ial
"54 ."1 i
tot " f 1 .7.. ...... -
T3T t j ...-i..
f r 5 o p.m.
Atlanta, July 31. Gov. Colquitt went
to Jouesboro last night with the Gate City
Guards, of Atlanta, to prevent any at
tempt ou the part of friends to rescue the
prisoner who was imprisoned on the
charge of the murder of Millie Johnson,
colored, for beating her father aud moth
er and fatally wonnding her brother.
T i . . . r :. Leave Greensboro
tiouesuviu wii& iu it rcui "lute oi eiciie- i Arrive at lliiWoro
ment over the affair all of yesterday. afeit
Sheriff Archer met with resistance iu at- Lce .
Arri ve at (ioldsboro
A l!. A I A. A A. I A. 5 .
leuipuiig uie arrest oi some or uie panics Ni-Counot-isat Salisbury vtdi wlM. u. U. for
charirpil with cnTiiniittinir the crime Sev- all point lu w est ern Oltil t.'a(.r. dally except
cnargea wun commuunt, me crime. ?e Sjnday. At ureeudiion with the It. & D. Railroad
en prisoners wore brought to Atlanta bv for ail points North, Eastfand West, ajl Goidsboro
, ' rt. , , "v. a V. ii Ulroad Ior W tltimton. i
.o. 4o connects at orernsixiro wlta tbfl B. A V.
KallroaJ for all points North. li isAinrt W est.
TUA1NS GOING VT.
J .No. 4 ! No. 42, l jcc.f;,Datlr
Dat, May is, issa. J Dally. Dally. n;es.Siiin!ay
6m a. m
1 1 47 a.m.
the Gate City Guards and put iu jail here
for safe keeping. Others will probably
be arrested. Sam Cook, one of the pris
oners, turned State's evidence and impli
cated all of the others; but subsequently
Arrive at UalclgU 112 25 j
Leave . 44 i S4u
retracted and said that he was frightened Arrive at Durham 4 6-j
into a confession. There is an uncom-1 44 Greensboro T so
Leave 44 8 so
in. 10 45 4- L'..
T co a. m.
promising demand for a full investigation Arrive nigh Point j hss
and if the guilty parties are found Geor- Z chafite nVA
gia v ill have a wholesale hanging.
, Mr. Editop. : We see several names men
tiored for the Legislature, all of which we
consider good, but we wish to mention the
name of "John K. Graham, Esq., who has
served the partv faithfully for the last fif
teen years aad who has been an acceptable
justice of the peace for over twenty years.
J Mt. Ulla.
Td the People of Rowan County :
I am a candidate for the office of Sher
iff subject to the approval of the Demo
cratic Couuty Convention, called to con
vene in Salisbury on the 2tb iust. I am
induced to make this aunouncemeut, be
cause I believe it to be the wish of a
large majoiity of the Democrats of the
county. If 1 6hall receive the nomination,
I shall make a canvass which I hope will
be satisfactory to the party, aiid do all in
my power to assist in a glorious victory
for our noble standard bearers ou the Na
tional and State tickets. In conclusion,
I lieg to return my warmest thanks to my
friends for the enthusiastic support gj ven
me during the last canvass, aud notwith
standing I was defeated by the Republican
party, I have the satisfaction of know ing
that l received a considerable majority of
the Democratic. votes in that contest.
G. A. Bingham.
Examiner and Democrat please copy.
To the Voters of Eotcan County:
1 hereby announce myself as a candi
date for re-election to the office of Regis
ter of Deeds of Rowan couuty, subject to
tlie action of the Democratic County Cou
veution. July 29th, 1880. H. N. Woodson.
To the Voters of Rowan Count;:
I hereby announce myself as a candi
date for re-election for the office of Coun
ty Treasurer, snbject to the action of the
Democratic Coiyity Convection.
J. Sal-McClbbins, Jr.
July 2Gth, 1880.
Obstructions of the Liver,' Weakness
Of the Stomach, Torpor of the Bowels,
caused by the clogging of foul accumula
tions, are what pave the tway,.fort levers.
Set the liver and stomach at work, cleanse
the blood, and fever can obtain .no hold.
The one way to do tbisJs by using Dr.
Flagg's Improved Liver and Stomach Pad.
No doses are to be taken. v kis i
The Democrat, New Orleans, La., says:
.J p. m. -
i T-bo 44 4...;'...-...; - '
p.m j ill" 4
No. 4S Connects at G reenboro with ilin Brneh.
At Atr-Llne Junction with A. c. A. T,j Railroad to
ajt points South and .southwest. Si i harloue with
the C. C & A. Kaiiroad for all jKMnt.s Soih & South
east. At Salisbury wlth-AV. N. rc. Uaload, dally, !
except Sundays, tor all joints la Western North
Carolina. f Wl
No. 4i Connects at Alr-Llne JiinctloS with A. & '-"
C. A. L. Railroad for al! points South rand South-; ,
west- . I . , '-'
T1MK TAI!I,K i
WESTERS 11. C. RfilLRCflD
Takes offset Saturda, J uly s-t. 5.an I'.M. l& ,
GOINO WiiST. GOING EAST. -
l.KAVF. : ' I,BAT."
to so r. Jt .. . . .SattHbory . i-iAiN -
tl 52 Third Crrr-k i.i 8 00 ,
H50 Elmwood tr s as
12 17 :...ta4esvm S 08 , -.
115 CaUwba ' 1 15 ! '
8 13 , Newton :.v ..'t. 18 0 ,
9 86 . .....Conoa... ..v.; ' HOT .
2 57 . -Hickory 4.; F.Mll 4S
3 42 Icard tow ; f '
47 Moorantor. . 10 1 .
4 52 Gl-n Alp'ne k. . SI ';
5 is Bridccwatf-r I. M
5 54 Marion 1 S4S -'
C 48 Old Fort T4S
7X0 Henry t. T'45 J .;
8 25 Blact Mountain . - S4 '
8 40 Cooper'.... i. It) 6 OS tf'.J
S 55 ...Kwannanoa . S4S ,r
Headol Knad... .-...i fjf.SSS
nr"Tral3 run dally, siindavRrrptp4. t r..
a. B. ANDREV.H, qen SupU
"AC0RHC00K ST 071".
' ima m a .. 1
Has the' exclusive ile of this celtbrat'd
Cook Store anu tbej are ging off like hot
cakft, ' ' -"' " '" T if ,
CO NP ECTIONBH!
At the Old Bookstore StaoJ , next.
door to Barker's Drug Store. . 1 j
i C0TTHTEY PE0DUCE Beugit ?"
for CASH. - . J
''HUitriends are respectfully lnntcl t
can and se him. "-'n
Sofl'ei ing among sneu as nave oeen trou
blpd with diseases of kidnevs and liver.
has Wen perceptibly better since thein- , V0W4S THE TIME TO SUBIiilJa
HuScii" P I FOR THE WATCHMAN