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- --" ".'--"..-".:" ;. . . -. ., j - i . - :.. : - -. - v . " ' -i
L. ' :.' ' -' . . :
' "" : WW sii Tfc) n Tni'Vni'inv ' :t
- : V V (aLIIIlldLilo ;;S.:r ;
ML XL THIRB SERIES
SALISBURY, II. C, SEPTEMBER 2, 1880.
fie Carolina Watchman;
ESTABtlSIIED IN THE TEAR 1832.1
1 , fRlCE, $1.50 IN ADVANCE. " ..
roNTRACT ADVERTISING RATES.
J I FEBHUAKY 80, 1380. r- I :
l month 8 m'B 3 m's 6 18 m's
On tor j
! ir.tr for j
- ! HA
t'fnrj r ! rfrol'.i (- :rr. . T.'r?:n
Cottir io 2Joep-;n Celt's. nr-rnrr.fec.
t ; tr- ro r,.xi: by all dsuggists.
WC3 F.HE2Talr, cuSiait & CO..
.ILL ot.b ' raonus-fona,
T I , llll IJ. M II
Fr $alc by T. F, KLXJTTZ, Dracgist,
: K:lj : -if I . Salisbury, N. C.
JAMES M. GRAY,
itjjrnsy and Oounssllor at Law.
SALnwuar, x. c.
OiBie in the Court House lot, nextdoo
&nre Hanghtou. Will practice in al
fte flirts of the State.
ITTOnXEY JIT LJ1K
tact ices in the
State and Federal
i fttorntD at ato, -
ater. and Mera,
i i . . -
1 1 1
Ilk Pnll ..J . ii.: xi i '
m i c -; viui o una ocuooi win open,
August 3rd, 1830,
geo. u. McNeill,
Wood Leaf, N.
T?ntnolrt f?rl 1 rv nrrv
: Greensboro, ET. C.
t43t-h Sessn wil1 bcgn on the 25th of
fitcilit1- cnown institution offers superior
bm-wi i r ment-l! and moral culture, com-
Hora cei"torl8 qf a pleasant, well or-
Vllk i . ....
fern Jer session of 5 ntonthn : Board
inff6 f hibg and lights) and Tuition
fifn S -Sh toyir 75- Etra Studies
. :r'-r lur uan rn an unn in
; age Deeds for sale here
r Also various other blans.
reB?C?":r,,e Milk of one cow is
. Wfcd expressly for infants at ; ;
$1.50 12.50 $3.60 I $5.V9
t3.00 4.60 5.85 T.59
4.50 T.50 11.99
.00 T.60 .9 13.59
vt.50 9.75 11.25 16.59
. 11.25 - 15.75 20.50 25.59
1S.75 20.25- 83.75 48.75
I Ill I 1 I ! I
i; i digits f.tlrojDiestljfnff-Organsu ;i
a it 8xK)ti$cs una i:ca iin?.iiemsrc3 n
! rrts'T ' -ftaTO -itho rt"ht r(jmev,
tril3 Ss'ii fin al's Tiili caro yea,
:pj.tni f ;'"" JJlsccvcrccJ, v -v
Vfuf i C:r-jo!li Fp?io crt-?' sevca.-
-i .1 '!:::' I- ..... ' I .
MRS- D. I. BRINGLE'S.
BaiMMries to Leaislale General
- S 'Hancoci Out of Offlce. !
' V i -is . I ! ' I - 1 - . " !
. T . .4.,. ... i; ,r , ;- ..,( : v i j. , .
A Faithful Officer to le Removed
Because lie Obeyed the -Xaw
' ,and v,w ld " ot Govern witli
iHlw Cl? the Sword ! -
n A Til II nx nAiT-r-- L
UilliriCiLiU UUJNjUimJNlilJ 1JX
'MIS OWN WORD! !
Hancock Support of Civil Law
,?Iale a Crime by Garfield.
H3AD THE RECORD !
- IpJanuary,18G8, Andrew Johnson
was President, U. S. Grant was Gen
eral the. Army, and Winfieht 8.
.... " ' i i i
Hancpclc was Major-General in com-
mand of Louisiana and Texas.
rspvember 29, 1867, Hancock as-'
Ktimpl pnmmi iwi i.: r...I.
Order No. 40.
.5 " ff
It contained these
xvordjj : "
rAVIm in,rrw; v- i i . .
overthrown and peace established Und
....... ...... in.iuu CQi.ii inui'ii, i U 11(1
the civil authorities are ready and w lling
to ijeffnnu tliir .lufw.a .;,;i;
10 pt norm tlieir (Juties, the military pow-
erh,,ld cease to lead, ami the civil ad-
ministration resume its natural and 1 jght
fiildcrtuinion. SolemnlyOm pressed iwitl
iiuacrtinnion: Solemnly' impressed with
these YI4MV8, the General annoiinees! that
the greatr principles of American liberty
are still , the lawful inheritance of f this
people, and ever should be. The Tight of
trial by jury, the liabea.s'corpus, thij lib
erty pf-the press, the freedom of -speech,
the natural rights of persons, and the
IirrlltS ot nroOertv must bi nreservil "
- i L - -
r rom tne congressional Ulobe, Uan-
uary 13, 1868, page 489 : ;
Mr. GARFIELD. I ask- unaniinous
wusent to oiler for consideration and ac-
tiona bill to reduce and improve the mili-
..... .. f . f
rary : esraoiisnment by discharging one on;iess cinmiijiiiuiiig an etasses 01 oiu-Major-Geueral.'"
i i I ceis to perform all kinds of duties. It is
'J"he bill vas re ul Tt orovidei thit '
a ne om . as reau. it prov iue that
the Army of the United States sliall
ie reduced by the discharge from
. . J e !
milijary service of the Major-General,
whovas the last commissioned in
. s , . . . i '
uai giauc. vviviv uuuuuiy, xooo, to t
nko pffpetl from" it t-!iie-nro er! thor
shall be but four Major-Generals in
the Army, i i
Jlr, GAPvFIELD. I liepe the bill will
be allowed to come in, and then We can
act on it in the. morning.! I
Objection was made, and Mr,- Gar
field said he would bring it up the
first thing on Monday next. j
rajor-General Winfielcl S. Han
cock was commissioned Major-General
oil- July 26th, 1866, and he was
the last-person commissioned in that
grade before January, 1868. i
Thus we sec tljat within sixjweeks
afteriyllancockr issued his order, No.
40, Garfield, being at that timejehair
man of the Jlilitary Committee, mov
ed a bill to remove Irira from office.
This was not to retire nor to pension
hini, but to punislr'iiim. j j
.llilc Kill ii'Od" nn lifi-irrl nf! nnr'iin
Jk- II U ISItl 1 II UVUtU VT UjU 111 y.
out.iiouse 43111 iMo, 4oy came i rom
the Committee on Reconstruction on
that day (January 137 1868),'through
Mr. Bingham. j
That bill contained the following
sections : . I
! ' - '
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
for tle sieedy-entVrcement of thejact en
titletl K'A n actlto provide for the more
tlncint government -.of the re'bel States,"
passed March secoud, eighteen j bundled
and! sixty-seven, and the several aets
supplementary- thereto the General of
the Army of the United States is here
by, authorized and required to enjoin
by i special orders upon all officers iu
conunatid within tlie several milirary de
partments within said several States, the
performances of all acts authorized by
saiI several laws above recited, J at his
discretion, by his order from command
anvforall of said commanders, and detail
other officers of the United States? Army,
notibelow tho rank f colonel, to perform
all the lnties .and lixercise all the power
authorized by said several acts,' to the
end that the people of said several States
in a' speedily recogn ize ci vil govern men ts,
republican in form, in Said several States.
land be restored to political powef u the
Union. ,- - !
SEC. 3i And be it further enaetetf, That
the j General of the Army may .Remove
auyjor all civil officers now actiug uuder
thepeveral provisional governments with
in said several disorgazed States, and ap
point others to discharge the duties per
taining, to their respective offices, and
may do any. and all acts which jby said
several laws above mentioned are author
ized to be done by the several command
ers of the military, departments 1 within
said States ; and so much of iaid acts, or
ot any actas authorizes the President to
detail the military commanders to said
military department, or to remove any
officers who may be detailed as
provided, is hereby repealed. 4 1
The 5th section made any interfer
ence by force with' the orders of the
General of the Army (Grant), or any
refusal or neglect to carry out the
statute, a high misdemeanor, punish
able by $5,000 fine and two years'
im prison men t J" ,1' '';; "JltXtT
.. This statute aimed, vat compelling
Hancock to obey the orders of Grant
tne ueneral, and not ot Johnson, tne
President, and itempowjered Gener
al Grant to remove Hancock if he
obeyed Johnson and not Grant.
also gave the General: of the Army
full power to do everythjing , he saw
fit to do in each of the Military, lie-
partments without any control of t
t m m
lt real animus was
the effort jof
Garfield, and those who
him, to subordinate the
ci vi 1 to te
military power in all the
to remove Hancock because he recog- ;
nized the law as stioerior to the
- i j
The bill was put upon
and the Congressional Globe, Tof Janu
ary 17th, 1868, contains'
ing speech from James A.
its favor ;
"I call attention to the oath that every
officer and enlisted man takes before en
teiinsr the Arinv. It is in these words :
"I do solemuly swear that I will boar
true allegiance to the Unitetl States.''
and will observe and obey the
orders of the President of! the United
State8a,i,1 the orders of the officers ap-
. . - .
litl over me, according ,to the rules
and articles fn- the government of the
A f ti, ijn;tea Jtite "t
Anny ot the United btates. .
Now, should the President of the Uni-
ted States giveJU the humblest officer of
the Army au order .contrary i to the Rules
aniLArt i el es 4f War r to the law of Con
gress, the subordinate can peremptorily
refuse to obey, bjecaiise: the order has
not been given in accordance with the
rules and regulation's f the ;power which
commands both liiin and th( President. j
Aow, if Congress can make laws assign-
alid barrack masters, what uew doctrine is ;
that it may not also assign special
duties to the General of thej Army I 1 he
volumes ot statutes are tail ot laws Ot
;.. .11 . . ..tf --Ol
nmv l),,,Isea to. require oE the General
f th A t nei.forlnnil.L 0f a smeia
luty, namely, the duty of j directing the
hntious ot tha partof the Armywh.cij
neMine Mi Stjites Intelv in rebellion. It
the General should neglect his duty tike
A ,dent' as oonimancIeMn-elnet, cn
call liiDi to account lor such neglect, out
ne canitoc preveui ins oueuieuco to iwc
for the const
I now come to inqure why
this its legislation is needed
It is Itecause
this Congress, in its work of restoring to i
their places the States iu rebellion, au
thorized the President to assign the officers
of the Army to the duties prescribed in
the-law: and the President has made
such of that authority as to; obstruct arid
delay the restoration of thcjse States.
Without violating the letter of the law
lie has been able, in a great measure, to
hinder the fall aud efficient execution of
the law. His acts and those of his advis
ers are, to-day, the chief obstacles to the
prompt restoration of rebel States, and
Congress proposes to remove those ob
stacles by transferring the power to the
hands tf one who has shown his loyalty
to the country, aud his willinguess to
obey the laws of the Uniou.
Mr. Speaker, I will not repeat the
long catalogue of obstructions which he
has thrown in the way by virtue of the
power eouferred upon liini iu the recon
struction law of lrib'7, but I will allude to
one example, where he has found in a
Major-Generai. of the Army a facile
instrument with which more effectually to
obstruct the work of reconstruction. This
case is all the more painful because si n
otherwise meritorious officer, who bears
honorable scars, earned iu battle for the
Union, has been made a party to the poll
cal : madness which has so long marked
the conduct of the President. This Gen
eral was sent into the district of Louisi
ana and Texas with a law of Congress in
his hand, a law. that commands him! to
see that justice is administered atmmg
the people of that country, and that no
pretense ot authority Shalt deter him
froiii noi'-fin-tiii'inr liw diir, :inil vet, we
tiud that ffieeiiving lectures iu the and had a very free conversation with
form of proclamations and orders on what him iu regard to the political situation.
Ought to be the relatiou betwen civil aiwl j qu. Garfield said he considered Indiana
military departments of the Government. thek to tuo' November election, and
We SEE HIM CislXG) A GENERAL ORDER: IN : . , . T, , .. i 11 j
which he declares that the civil . that unless the Republicans are baiMy de
shoci.d not give way before the mili- ! ceived in their calculations, the State will
We hear hi ni declaring that he
tiuds nothing in the lawijof Louisiana
ami Texas to warrant his interference: iu
the civil administration' of those States.
It is not for him to say which shouhMie
tirst, the cb il or the military, in that
rebel communltv. It is not tor him; to
search the defunct laws of
Texas for a guide to his
Conduct. It is
for him to obey the laws
Which ho was
sent there to execute. Ilj is tor himito to carry the State in October, and with
aid in building-up civil (governments, 0jk aud Indiana iu the Republican col-l-sither
than niennrinsr himself to be the " 1 1 . ... .. .. ,
in evidential candidate of tli.lt Dart V W htch
fa vp 1 1 1 iii mi svnmatliv when he was cial-
lantly fighting the battled lot the coUn-
try.".' ,1 h ' j
The bill passed the jl
124, all republicans; nays 45, all
dpmoerats James A. darfiehh voting
..... Tii : oib
. cuUUSC ou.ua , -xpy
The record is made up!: It is Han-
cock, the soldier civilian knd the law,
nx n-A i.. ,i;J.iU J;i.
ian and the sword above Iaw..
The Pautt And Its
Mission. We j
seek to restore the Constitution in its
pristine spirit and delopj jit ,int fullest
vjjjur. ? o nre w lo-couiyusu i oa mid
mainspring 01 au tne movements or the
Ff. a,tu w eek tn l anish that fLu
ing of sectionalism which 'has been the
cursb of the countn. Ral.:fjf,' .'.V
Salisbury Examiner. - : '
WE CAS SOTi AFF0HD. IT
The cool impudence of the Radical party
in claiming to be patriotic, national and
cpiwvative, is wonderful indeed when wc
tak a calm , survey of. its past record. It
was born in the throes of revolution, blood
and death. Its patriotism consisted in di
viding our country, in raarring and desolat
ing the most prosperous anjl happy section,
and in the attempt to impoverish and en
slave its citkeuf. Its nationality mear seen
tralization, dcspotism the elimination of
gfcjtLl UneSi and the denial to the people th
riglut of local self government. Its conser-
vatisni is found in ita extreme measures,
8Uch th suspension f the great writ of
habefti corpus in times of profound peace; in
the passage of the inSHmous Enforcement
ActJ the establishmen of the negro Beureau,
and ! the disfranchisement of thousands of
tne st nien i (he land for partisan and
political arsranuizement. it disrupted tne
union under the pretense of saving it. It
overthrew our State governments, reduced
them to provinces and denied the people
their1 soverign right to chose their rulers.
It. placed over ie Southern States bayonet
governments, filled our Legislative Halls
with thieves and camp followers, interlopers
and 'carpet-baggers who issued bond3 and
fixed millions of debt upon'our people, stole
-p. 71 ;
the -,K.eeds an(1 fle(1 the Jand
, fi , ,.
olation, poverty and distress or
, ' f .ua-a
on every hand.
The men and the party that did these things
are asking the people to give them power
aairi. Look at it !
They usurped control
of our State and local affairs by the basest
and most infamous means, i They held con
trol of the Legislative department of North
Carolina for nearly three years, and in that
timj run our state debt up.from fifteen to
near fortv minions of dollars. This lame
increase of debt they stole and squandered,
t,ie people have to foot the bill. They
inaugurated an era of terror, of blood-shed
and anarchy; business was paralized and
prosperity impossible. The people through
their organization, the Democratic party,
rostt up in their might and hurled them from
power. Harmony and peace were gradual
ly restored, the people have begun to pros
perl and business to revive; and sothepco
plej will continue to prosper, and law and
order prevail, if the Demoeratic party is
kept solid and its principles upheld if the
Dctnocratic masses remain true to themsel
ves and to their party organization. But, if
thej people become indifferent, and allow
tho infamous Radical party to slip into pow
er again, we may ex pect a return of the days
of i thievery, mis-government, lawlessness
and 'poverty. The party and the men who
have robbed and oppressod us once wiil rob
and oppress us again, j We would have been
slaves to-day, but for the Democratic party;
wcj will deserve to become slaves should we
ever allow that party's banner to trail in the
dust, or the Radical party to again slip in
to power because of our indifference or lack
of proper organization. . It should be the
highest duty of every democratic citizen to
strengthen his party organization as it is
the bulwark of our political safety, and
domestic peace and happiness. The Demo
cratic party has graduallj recovered from
the foul clutches of voracious Radicalism in
our county. State and general governments.
There is one citadel yet to be taken--the
Presidentcy. a"nd if we are true to ourselves,
it Will surrender on the 4th of March next.
Is there not every incentive for us to remain
true;? ' Every consideration worthy of the
respect and enjoyment of a free people de
mands that we should be vigillant and ac
tive and true. Wc cannot afford to allow
Radicalism to be installed in power again.
fiARFiELp's IlorE. An Ohio Republi
can of promineuce, wliu arrived here yes
terday, says he cnlletl upon Gen. Garfield
at Men tor, Ohio, during the past week,
be: carried by them in October. Tho Re
publicans have never been as well organ
ized there as now, and a very complete
canvass of every school district in the
State gives them something over three
thousand majority. With a full vote
Getm Garfield said 1 he entertained no
doubt as to the ability of the Republicans
Vert Evident, and WnT. It has be-
come d.uitc evident that it is the policy ci
th Republican party in this State to avoid
johU discussions during the campaign. They
-4caU that they cannot successfully meet our
. ies 0n the stump.! and that they have
evtrvthing to lose and nothing to gain by
allowing the people to hear both sides and
judge impartially; They prefer to conduct
ka fumn whr
there is no one to deny them. Statesville
I - -NEW I OBK IN JN Oviiat ber. an
harmony in the Democratic oooncils,
. antj a reasonaDie .auioun oi ioroear-
, Scnse, and hard work,
A otk - can gi ve Hancock and
' English a majority of 40,000 in No-
vember,- iv'. Y.Suh,
? J AMES A. GARFIEJLD.
The Credit Mobelier Frauds The Dis
trict of alurabia Ring and the De
polyer Bribe. The Sanborn Frands.
jThe Back Pay Grab and the Salary Z
f Steal., The Indian RingGar-
i neld s ber v ice l n its Behalf. En- J
I couraging and Defending Petit
1 Larceny. Garfield the Chara
I ' pion of O. O. Howard. The
j Black Friday Scandal-
j Garfield's Effort to Sup
; press the Truth. Gar- " '
! field the Friend of Rob-
j; eson. The Electoral
i Commission. Three
j Monstrous Grievan
ces. The Pacific
Steal. The Moth
field and the La
j boring Men.
Free Salt. The
Judgment of his
Republican Const i
i uents. Garfield's In
sults to Mexican Vet
! - erans: Garfield and
es. Garfield on taxing Printing paper.
A MONUMENT OF CORRUPTION.
Fatal Election Itiot.
A, Colored Democrat Killed by the
Greenback Candidate for Sheriff-
The Latter Killed in Return.
j Mesiphis, Tenn., August 22.
From passengers who arrived this
morning the following particulars
hive been gained of the riot which
occurred yesterday at Coffeeville,
Miss., the scat of Yallabusha county,
sixteen miles north of Grenada, on
the St. Louis, Chicago and New Or
leans railroad. A special election is
to be held next Tuesday, to fill a
vacancy in tne sncriit s oince over
which there was a contest at the last
general election. The democrats and
greenbackers have each a ticket in the
field. Both parties held a ratification
meeting at Coffeeville on Saturday.
Each raised a pole. The democrats
had a brass band from Grenada, and
after the pole-raising marched through
the streets. While passing a corner
a difficulty occurred between a negro
named Spearman, who was in the
democratic procession, and A. V.
Pearson, greenback candidate for slier
iff. which resulted in Pearson shoot-
ing Spearman, killing him instantly
This was the signal for a general
melee, and a volley of shots were
opened on Ptarson, who received
three wounds, from the effects of
which -he died last night. Two of
Pearson's friends, Kelly and Reddick,
were wounded. For a time a perfect
pandemonium reigned, the excitement
running so high that the Walthal
Grays, a military company of Grena
daj Miss., where telegraphed for, but
the order was subsequently counter
manded. Last night Coffeeville was
; : .
Everything Lovely in Indi
ana. Washington, August 26. A
gentleman who has close relations
with the Democratic national com
mittee, and who has been in New
York for several weeks reports that
the private advices received from In
diana are all to the effect -that the
Democrats will undoubtedly carry the
State. The national committee has
been informed that Indiana would
not call on the party outside of the
State for any, financial aid, and that
th party in that State would perform
the unparalleled feat of supply ing al
the money needed in the campaign
TIia Knnip gentleman savs it is consid-
ered as a matter of course that Mr,
Hendricks will be a member of Presi
dent Hancock's Cabinet.
That Texas Tornado. Galveston
inef 51 Knecial disDatches to the
Xeic$ estimates the damage by the recent
storm as follows: At Matamoras, $500,000;
Brownsville, $750,000 ; Garrison; $50,000;
Point Isabel and to shipping, xuu,uuu
How It ' ArrEcrs lira. Bobbins gays
whenever he wade a political speech which
is praised by the Republican press and lead
ersL he always thinks be made a failure tome-
lotc. But when they find fault with his
speeches, 'he feels comforted and encourag-
eCl. Dial CTY IOC inui;wi.
! The Black Record. The record on page
26 of the convention document shows that
both Barringcr and Buxton voted for Jones,
who was an able-bodied negro man. against
Norton, who was a'one-legged soldier. And
this vote of Judge Buxton and Gen. Bar
ritiger is the key note of their whole conven
tipn record. Raleigh OJmrter. ,
A Universal Ciicrcu' Federation.
Geneva, Aagnst 24. -A dispatch states
that Bishop llerzog left Switzerland fur
hfc United States with the object in view
of promoting a scheme for the federation
of jail the christian churches in Ce uni
verse. ' ' 'r' ' f jr'W.v.
Egittias Cottox Crop a Failure.--ondon,
August 24. A dispatch from
Cairo says it is believed that the Egyp
tian cotton crop will be, half a million
caiitors 22,500,000 pouuds less than that
of 1679 aud it will be about 15 days lat
The Greeusboro Patriot says that "the
relirainary line of the Cape Fear and Yad-
in alley Railroad, up the Yadkin Val-
ey, willbecommenced in a few days. Col.
. C. Jones, chief engineer, and Dr; No-
eus Mendeuhall, one of his assistants, are
.now preparing to examine the line and
make an instrumental survey as soon as
North Carolina Ahead. New York,
August 24. The first bale of the new
crop of North jCarolina cotton was sold
ere to-day by auction Tit 13 cents per
pound. Grade, strict low midling to mid-
Uling,and i is about ten days earlier thau
the first bale of last year from North Car
Justifiable Homicide. Atlanta, Aug.
25. On Wednesday, near Chochrane, Ga.,
four young white men disguised themselves
and went to a negro cabin, broke down the
door and commenced firing into it. The
occupant, John Brown, seized his double
barrel gun, which was loaded with buck
shot, and fired both barrels, killing two
brothers, named Dykes. The tops of their
heads were blown off. The negro made his
escape. The coroner's jury returned a ver
dict of justifiable homicide.
A young woman at Alden, Iowa,
said she "wished to heaven she might
die that day." A terrible storm arose
immediately, with thunder and light
ening, and s'he imagined that it might
have some relation to-hercase. Has
tening to a church, she knelt and pray
ed : "Oh, Lord, I didn't mean it when
I said I wanted to die. Please don't
let the lightning hit me."
A Montgomery Merchant Missixo.
New York, August 24. The police arc
making search for Johu M. Benson, a
youug hat merchant of Montgomery, Ala
He arrived here on the lGth inst., to pur
chase stock, and his singular conduct at
tracted much attention. He appeared to
be out of his mind at the time, grief at the
death of a favorite sister being the cause
assigned. He went with friends to Coney
Island Sunday and suddenly disappeared,
A sister of the missing man arrived from
Montgomery last night and has prompted
a vigorous search, which thus far has
Forty-Two Days on Cider. Mrs
Hannah Bent, of East Bostou was kept
alive for fortv-two days duriuc a recent
illness by moistening her mouth with ci
der. Her stomach could not endure tea,
coffee, milk or even water, aud it is doubt
ful whether it ever received more than
a ppooutal of tho cider with which her
mouth was moistened. Something broke
in her stomach, which gave her relief, and
she gradually recovered, and is now in
the enjoyment of her usual health. She
was attended daring her forty-two days'
fast by Mrs. Cummings, who states pos
itively that nothing but cider entered Mrs.
Bent's mouth during that time. It is he
lieved that abstinence from food saved
her life. Boston Traveller.
We have seen farmers hauling ma
nure and damp earth or road scrap
ings into a large heap, and turning
and mixing it two or three times du
ring the winter season to make a com
post for corn-hills, while at the same
time a rich blackJiqued flowed from
the barn yard utterly going to waste
which, if it had been saved and mix
ed with dried earth or rich muck,
would have been the very thingthey
desired afrauch less trouble and no
loss. Theliquid waste of many barn
yards, if properly utilized by mixing
with dry dust made from rich soil or
muck, and made into a rich compost
of rather phosphate, by adding about
twenty per cent, in bulk of finely
ground bones and mixing and turn
ing the mass over until it is done
1 . i T ... 1 1 . enkof.nAA
easier to handle for cornhills than the ,
bulky' old-fashioned soggy compost,
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made out ot straw manure.
A Cycloxk. Flushing, L. L, Ang. 27
During Wednesday's storm a cyclone one
mile wide and seven miles long swept over
Little A'eck, Great Neck and Creedmore. .
Inndreds of acres of corn were' entirely
destroyed and. many buildings damaged.
There are many unpleasant thintrs in
this vale of tears, but a collar witha but
ton hole lage enough to stick joiir liead
through will canse yoii about 'aft much
trouble as the rest of them. 'I
The First Duel ix the United Siatss.
The first duel in the United Statlttyas
ought at Plymouth MassachusetsJn th
18th of June iG21, between Ed warjd-Do-ty
and Edward Leicester, two servants,
both of whom; were wounded. For this
outrage they were sentenced to' tWfmn-
lsnmentot naringtheir heads and feet
tied together, and lying thus t wen t'y-ifour
Hours without food or drink;11 After'suf-
fering, however, in this posture an Lour,
at their masters intercession and? their
humble request, with the promise of
amendment, they were released "by the-Governor.-Portland
(Me.) Presh -
The New York Sun tells the following:
A young man from Texas married fli girl
in North Carolina, and then proposed to
eave her while he worked his way back
to his Texas home, in the hopeof there
earning money enough to send farther.
fehe said, however, that she would rather
accompany him -afoot. They, therefore,
made the journey of l,GO0 miles as tramps';
bu t their good appearance gained for thehi
considerable help along the way; and for
the last fifty miles they rode triumphant-
y in a cariage,provided by an eathuliatio
admirer of their pluck. , r
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Matrimonial Advice. . i
Marry in your own religion. 1
Never both be angry at once.14
Never taunt with a past mistalce.
Let a kiss be the prelude ;of a re
buke. " ' $
Let self-abnegation be the habit of
Never allow a request to be re-
"I forgot" is never an acceptable
excuse. - .-r-.p. -
A good wife is tlie greatest earthly
blessing. - I
If you must criticise, let it be done
lovingly. i- .: '
Make a marriage a matter of moral
Marry in a family which you have
Never make a remark at the er
panse of the other. -
Give your warmest sympathies for
each other's trials. , :: i
Never talk at one another either
alone or in company. '
If one is angry, let the otherpart
the lips only for a kiss. , K
Neglect the whole world beside
rather than one another. ( j
Let each strive to yield oftenest to
the wishes of the other. "
The very felicity is in the mutual
cultivation ofusefulness. jU"
Never speak loud to another un
less the house is on fire, t '' V
Marry into different blood1 and
temperament from your owu. f'
Always Heave home With, loving
words, for they may be the last)
Gold fish were first brought . from
China to England in 1691, and.jwere
then a great curiosity. ' ; i
The Somerville Journal mak, it
out that the eagle is the aristocrat, of
birds because he moves iu the highest
circles. " i -
When the phonetic spelling comes
into use it will always be rfte in ''order
to rite rite, to rite rite, rite. Andrew
The way the king of the Sand wtcbr
islands carves a chicken is to takehold
of both legs, draw a long breath, and
pull for all he is worth. j,
The reason more umbrellas than.
watermelons are stolen, is thought to
be because the thief dosn't hare to
plug the umbrella. It is always ripe
for the harvest. 'r:r ' -
A good cow ought to produce 8,000
hound of milk annually ; but in this
country the average is oniyabout half
that.j whle in Holland 10,000 pounds,
is only considered a fair yield.
Tlie valley of the Missirsippi has
1,257,000 square miles of territory.
Its waters make about 10,000 miles of.
navigation, and its val leys gives level;
routes to a vast system of railways.
. Texas commenced raising wool in
1845, and has now 4,000,000 sheej
It is estimated that Montana will pro?
duce this year 80,CK)0,000? pound W
t i u ri:ci
' wool, nearly as much as Califprt
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