; i i - j m Larotiag -; W ate timaiM J
- . I j I - - ! . : ; -
L W-H -!" T "-! ; .w . "V -T"""" V " WU X U LOLfi. 1
i fi! sM I? i i un w in
( Thl'icading Furniture
j?;--'Is; iow ofibring tie" Largest hncl
toc evcr brought to tnis place. ; '
jMol.air Crush riuh at TCri'oxn.ir
pree $73.00. ; . '
Isiik PIusIk kt $30.00. Fuinur price,
$(1.0.00. i !
jWool Plush jat $35.07' Foimer price, 1
Bijo8., Cliickiriny &
Pjutnos. . .
A.ntique Oak Antique Ashe, Cherry and
A1alnut at prices that
A LAKGE STOCK
Chairs, Salts, 3Ittnnf- 1 nil Kii ("s
S-iring Beds, jWork
pocjtuies and Piture
aid quality alivajs
niade to ord-cif oji
i BABY " CARRIAGES '
A large sto(k of ButYy. Curriats with
w;ire whet Is at$7.5(
i tagis w ith ware -wl.c
Fornuilv sodi for $i2
S.jm cial attention given to ia li i tiik irg
is all iis biauichcs, at
H3 uht. '
I'at tii wlshhig my
call at iav residence
iThaiiking niy fi h
generally Jbr past patronage .and a .-king a
Reading fFurrylure Dealer.
. IteS Jtoe Is !s2l
J ' - .
liUESS GOODS .
in nil I t lie Shades and -brics
of the Coming Sea
son. i- :
vThis is now open for ii
spection; it i handsome
and fit ; prices" to suit ihe
: . eatables:
The best Flour made in
x Itimesg . 4 l
1 from many
. We Offer SPEGIALINDUCEMENTS to the
: See lis before you buy as we mean to sell 3ou gooas CPIEATj
I for cash or barter.
- Yours to serve,
KLUTTS & RENDLfcMAN.
.1 . : . - . ' r.
I :rULS' 1 mvns an" t
" V i -
, AHOMECOMPANYj - V
seeking . MSpfeV ' tM2A?
ktet-cs, lathe South. - ' MsfMsS? SciiETAiu.
urAJL ASSETS , .
JALIiIINBEOWiS, ,tti ienlr Agents' J
Dealer and Undertaker
Bt Assorted Stock of Furui-
SUITS ! .
Oig?u s ai,cl Dclur
Sous ai d .Wluelock
Tables for Ladies,
Frames - le
in stock, or . will be
short i.otiee ats re&son-
Is at uv&g $G.o0.
all hours day and"
services at ni-ht will
on Ba4:k ' strei t, in
j;x3s and, the public
to ple-iso, '
The. Largest and Best
America; the best Cured . assortment in town, fromi
Meats tobe?had, Canned! the finest Kid and Calf!
Fruits, Meats and Vege-' hand-sewel made, dowui
tables "of all diinds at old j to the cheapest made, of;
prices,; and the -Choicest j All5 Leather, at the veryj
Teas, Coffees and Cocoas ' Lowest of all Rock Bot-I
clintes. ; torn Prices. ' S
t ; Kesulators of low nrieod
ST WM. C, QOA RT.
;,f . -; - $750,000.00!
Sarsbtrv, N. C. J
The new year now is fcere
Revealing its hidden scenes;
The old yfear has flown away
K)n times relentless wing.
Farewell, farewell old year,
. Your lovely scenes have passed
No more shall they be recalled,
.To view! them as one may. t
We welcome tliee neM' year
With mingled joy and porrow;
To day we will cheerful t)e , .
For sadfiess comes to-morrow.
There'ajoy and sadness for us, -As
the hours come and go;
They are mingled together
Like flakes of beautiful snow.
1 Orinoco, N. C.
Aif ESSAY READ BY it S3 LENA USHER
BE ft) UK THE SUNDAY SCHOOL CONFEU
ESCijN COKESBUKY CIRCUIT, CUMBEtt
I have chosen a theme that we re
all quite familiar with, and some, i
tear, are toajvell acquainted with u
for their own good; autl w hile my at
may not be very brilliant, still it is
original, and I will endeavor to illus-
trate the .sin and disgrace that is caus
ed by the too frequent use of 4
' ' WTfTSK-VV - f
I hope T can impress, in your tiiinds
the fjuily of intemperance, the cause
alike of sorroV and crime.
First,, thoufrh, I would like to show
you some of the good and evil- uses of
whiskey. JNearly everything has its
goodiqualities and whiskey has, Uo,
if on v used for irood uui poses, it is
good iti some Cases of sickness, and es
pecially reconi mended fir toothache;
but if you keep a bottle for that pur
pose,! vour tooth will be forever ach-
ingH Strange though it seems, three
or foiirxtiu:es a day you . have to do
something for that poor tooth; and
whylis it?Simply because that tooth
loves' whiskeyyand nothing will ejise;
it, or relieve it hnt another drink. Did;
any f you ever have suc-Il a queer
Jo.)Jli? Ut course not no one-, here
everiheara ot such queer tilings.
There are Other things, whiskey is
good for. Ju.-.t suppose yHi were to
ta!ta young ladv to ride,aiid the
horses might run away ihexvouiigi
ladv woufi bo ure to ivl hurt, orNaiore
proliJdy she,, would faint, then liow
Sucky it you only had a lew drops of,
branily to force oetween thosa white,
speechless lips, right then? yon rote you
will never go without some next tium..
loujcan take a pint in case of an acci
dent then if nothing occurs,, you -can
drink it yourself, and by that ""means
et ijsed to it, In years to come swear
to her you will never drink a drop, and
and when that sweet girl, is deceived
into marrying you, go to town, and
get On 'a big drunk, and ' tell what a
dear good wife you have, go home to
thuttgentle, trusting wife, and see her
face turn pale at the sight of her . hus
bands soiled clothes and dusty hat, his
Ideaiied, guilty eyes and harsh drunk
en v(!ice, see the tears in her eyes and
hear 1 he agotrviri her voice, and think
then,!of the good and evil uses of
Thi?n again take the mother. She
watches her sou her joy, her pride
watches mm grow unto noble man
hood,) how great his intellect, how
promising hii future! 0! she prays,
God Cause my boy. to shim the'bowl."
She tells tha.tson the evil of drink, the
utter jruin of mind and soul it causes,
and fr his mother's sake never to
Dos he ddit? Does he remember
his mother's pleadings?
Perhaps he is a good, dutiful sou
and heeds her pray era for awhile but
soon he goes out in the world to make
his fortu ne, everything is hoptful,
his mind is on his tuture success, and
how his name shall ring through ages
tocoiiie. Ere long he mets a former
cjas juiate, an old comrade who wanlfcs
to drink in memory of olden tims.
Mother's prohiising boy hesitates only
a moment, then he enters the fatal
bar room,jifcver to withstand tempta
tion bgain, to sink gradually to a
drunkards grave, and to' a drunkards
Pojor anguished mother, think you,
she doesn't know the good and evil
qualities of whiskey?
Ah! if that youug man had thought
before he entered that bar where he
was going! that bar with curtained
windows, aiid poisonous odors, and
how often the experience of thousands
had proven it to be a bar to respecta
bility, to honor, happiness, and a bar to
Heaven. Everyday proves it to be a
road to want, misery, vice, mnrder,
and to prison.
Some it' is true do not pass through
all the stages, but intemperance prtis
ted! in, always ends ia a drunkards
grave, and we have toj many reaSou&
to fear hell.
T'hmk of the misery, of the heart
agonies caused by di ink.
Thery Cbmus a m.ui with his last
bu! a doliar, and perhaps no flour,
meat, or coffee at houie, where his
uiioierablii wife and neglected children
tolling for daily f wad, he walks
;ut to tiie bar and iu vests that
tent ot money in mean whiskey
liiuie tfi forgoUcii, wile is forsaken.
Uii UCuUJC ol Vi;c
These nre the heart tgoijie.?, of tn
teniperance. .low wtlb whiskey fulfilh
its mission Gbd oul-'k'hirVR.' People
drink it regardless of all this they care
"not that bread, was sold to rpake it, and
suffering children, with hungry white
faes, alone ibli theiafofj those who
careto thiuki . I
And hnmdy. that is ade of lucious
frnit, that Gd has so aUtlnantly bless
ed our land with, goes pu its destruc
tive course thjrough .theor!dr yield
ing fruits of $itt, and death. Oh! have
you ever feed the fruits 'of brandy?
You will find itiir the homes of wealth,
in the homes of poverty, iu the homes
of humblenes., jn the homes of widows
and the liotiies of orphans., Ragged
dirty children in the stfW-t are fruits
of brandy. Murderers thegallow?,
crouovefWprked and harsh
brutal looking men, ail these are fruits
that brandy yield.
Nothing lut the women of this
nineteenth century can ever reform
the liquor trajle ot this world; a few
goel, noble, resolute, earnestly united
w omen can wield a . brighter scepter,
a: d win a more glorious victorv,. Ih'an
all the prohibition laws in America to
day, .Iny are in some places dwiug a
grafld service, and why noc all women
vork for this laudable purpose?
If every girl could, and would de
"I am a ft)e,to the, wine,.'
And the lips ihat titich liquor,
Can never touch mine."
Then would a reformation be
brought aboiut, that would astonish
the whole world.
But how ninny voting men-r-be it
said in shame' can remember that a
girl first irave them wine. ves. and
J jrali4 w, . t,em too
Shame on that girl, or woman, who
tells a man sweetly, there is no harm
in taking a social glass.
I te'l you there is harm in it, I can
face the entire world backed by count
less. millions who have been ruined,
crushed, beggared by whiskev, and
they will all prove that there is harm
Mothers would von like vouug la-
& to e'iicourayre vour sons
Train vour daughters
not to drink
wine with sotnebotly else's son. Do
not have supjurs of cake, and win?,
and; invite your neighbors sons to
drink with you, lor many temperate
joiing dos- have left these suppers
with a i hirst for drink never to be
qireiiehed, till! their' minds and bodies
together with; a precious soul, is fallen,
crushed, broken, forever lo.t, beyond
th'elreach of hu man aid, to dwell in
everlasting torment, and go to a drunk
ards' hell. Deliver us from this curse
that is destroying the minds of intelli
gent men N;ind bringing sorrowing
wives and wroth ers to the grave in
poverty and hame, beggaring inno
cent children like - death luruiug in
every p;:S;ing breeze.
"By each holy kiss thy inot.hcr,
0:i thv infant forehead presul,
Lov; of Father, Sister, Brother,
All that purifies the heart.
By the hope OP Heaven within thee,
Oh ! debase not mind and soul,
Let, not sins own cialice win thee,
Shitn temptation, ihun the bowl."
NEWS' .PSOM.i THE CAPITOL.
A DOUBLE TAX- ASKED FOR TO SUPTOItT
TIIKi PUBLIC SCHOOLS. CHRISTMAS IN
RALfclGH. A yoUXG LADY BUltXCD TO
DEATH. A Wi LD feUMOU AN EDITOR
CANfeD. COL. iPOLKS NEW SECRETARY.
Christmas in find around Raleigh
this year was a magnificent and de
lightful season to iill, old and yovsng,
rich and poor, felt; its happy intiuences.
The rich were made happy by giving
of their '.abundance to the poor; the
.poor by Receiving of the abundance ot
the rich. It is safe to say there was no
home, however hnmble or lowly, that
"Santa Claus" didjnot visit and leave
something that wouldcause the hearts
ot the little ones to be made glad.
There were Christinas trees and carni
vals all over the city and throughout
the country; there were strains of de
lightful nuisici and the wil l and joy
ous shrieks of 'delighted children v'ere
heard everywhere Tiie churches,
chapels, homes aud even business hous
es were profusely and tastefully deco
rated. In homes eery a-here were to
be seen the bright red berries aud the
Shimmering green of the holly, -auu
''neath chandeliers and hall lamps hung
the mistletoethat plant which be
stows such charming and delicious pri v
ileges. But it; would take a length.)
article to describe all the good
beautiful thiugs that were seen aud
heard by your correspondent during
the holidays, but suffice it to say thai
the Christmas of 181XJ was the h ap
piestiaud most enjoyable ever &eea in
llalejgh. i ,
M,-. Josehits Daniel?, editor cf the
Staid Chruiikiey wus tiie recipient of a
handsome caut, appropriately engrav
ed, fiom the compositors engaged on
the Chronicle, as a slight tkeu uz i,t
regard i.ud ts. tie ii in which hvi is held
Uj his employees
Om ChnsUnis day about 11 o'clock
Mkd Lottie SJiili a young lady aged
nineteen, living in th Mulue.iSleru
Put;of the city, vvtnle faking a tire,
dioiped a coui;H hr aroa causing il
iu Mze,'. Shiiiwi of li.o house
andj jerkeil the apron off and thrtw it
froni Inr, thinking fh:it no olher put
other clot bins had take:i fire. Uut
the hhizafrom the apron had also fired
her dress. She did 'uot discover this
until she was in fhmcs. She fought
tha fire desperately but without success.
Her breast waf fearfully burned,- and
her face and mouth whs scorched to a
crisp. Everything was done for her
that was possible, but hhe died about 4
o clock on Friday morning.
A rumor was circulated I here on
batuiday morning to the effect that
Prof. E. Pk Closes, superintendent of
the Raleigh graded school, had been
shot aud killed at Jouesbqro, Tenn.
Investigation failed to reveal' anything
to substantiate the report rahd it was
soon regarded as all moon shine.
There was a large and enthusiastic
meeting of, the association of the coun
ty su pen n lie mien ts of public instruc
tion, ih this city on Fiilav, in the of
fice of Hon. S. M. Finger," State Sup
erintendent of Public Instruction.
Everybody present exhibited a warm
but cautious enthusiasm in regard to
the enlargement of til? facilities for
common school education. There
were a great number of speeches male
by distinguished educatois of the
State, all of which were characterized
by eloquence, e:irne-tness, wisdom,- wit
and determination to carry forward the
great work of common school educa
tion. A resolution was unanimously
adopted by the association asking the
Legislature of the State to double the
the present levy of taxes for the sup
port of free schools, that is make the
same 25-cents on each $190 worth of
real and personal property.
They also recommend by the General
Hssembly of the State, the passage of
such laws as its wisdom may deem ef
fectual to secure the attendance of all
the children from ten to- eighteen
years in the State upon its free schools
or other proper schools, for a period of
at least four months iu each year.
-Resolutions were also adopted look
ing to the enactment of such laws bv
the legislature as will ivijuireexamina-
tion questions for teachers to be pre -
quesnons lor reacners to be l
pared and distributed by the State
Superintendent ; also, t hat the legisla
ture be requested to authorize the
Board. of Elucation of the severai
counties to set apart such portion of
the sdiool. funds of their counties as
they shall deem necessary, before mak
ing distribution Of the school funds to
the iiistricts to aid weak districts in
building ec!i-')ol hou-es, said fund to be
appropriated to such districts as the
board of-ediication shall determine are
entitled to ir.
Mr. 11. . Aver, who has for some
vears past figured const licuoiislv in
newsp iper circles Here, and v. ho has
filled the repo;.sib!e' wsitio;i of city
editor of the Stale Chronicle, -of tins
city, so faithfully and efficiently the
past year left on Tuesday tT) assume
the position ' of private secretary to
Hon.-L. L. Pol!;, vice Mr. D. ' H. " IU
tenhouse, .resigned. Mr. Aver carries
the best wLdies of the people, of - Ral
eigh wiJ; h hiinto his new home and
they will watch with interest and ap
preciation his advancement which his
ability is sure to bring to him.
Louisa Harris, a colored woman liv
ing near the union depot, died on Wel
'ncsAlay of last. week fro in the effects of
a wound received by a pistol! in the
hands of a white man while engaged
in a quarrel in her hou.-,e. The coro
ners jitry reached a conclusion on last
Saturday, bXt for good re. .sons Rave
reserved their -conclusion for the pres
The Raleigh cotton factory has
found it necessary to double their
force, and are now working night and
-.t.'. t.,rimr n ,1 ., ..iwt !l lr!lh ffllVP
, . 3 .1 ... l
riecnrred here on cuauiiv i:.oiiiinLr iii
3 o'clock. The new round house ot
tiie Raleigh aud Gas toil R, R., ' with
seventeen locomotives were burned.
The road had just purchased three
now locomotives, two of which had
never pulled a car, at it cost of about
15,C00 each, all three of which were
in the round house at the time, of the
fire and were burned. They are not
all completely destroyed of course. ' It
is said that they can be put in running
order for $5,000 each.
It is generally believed in Raleigh
that Josephus Daniels, editor of the
Stale Chronicle, will have no ; opposi
tion in regard to the State printing.
Live Stock Notes.
Use plenty cf bedding.
Grooming is as healthful in winter
as in summer.
Warm the bits before putting them
into the horses muuth.
Horses should be turned out for ex
ercise every pleasant d. y.
. 1 1 1
To "et the best results nanoniig ana
training should begin when the colt is
Oiife-third each of corn, ojds,
biiky ground logeiher m.
t-'tdrnt t' bora's heels and les
lean in lite win ler i tiie oesC prevuu
I r .
Le iJ' sciutcheo.
Stantliu; iii wet
niaku tile feet ot
News and Comments. .
Change the fed often eno-igh to
keep all stock with gol app-tites.
fhey will thrive belter on less feed.
The Boston Chainlier of co naieree
pissetl resolutions f ivoring reciprocity
with Kewfouudtan 1. Reciprocity is
The stP imers Spree an 1 Bmr;jjoy:ie
brought to New York. Monday 557,
400 in geld. Since December fifteenth
i he gold imports have been $5i, 153,
320. The Raihcaii 7YmatSfc.. says
that there u now no doubt tlut it
is the iutentioiv of the Gre .tlNoilliern
Boad to push its line to the Pacific
It is repotted' that Bishop Katger,
of Green Bay, V h., h is been ajioiiit
ed Arch-biship of the MilwaTikee Dio
ccs?, to succeed thef late Archbishop
Heiss. ' ; '
General Charles S. Taylor drowned
himself Christui is Lve at Mount Holly,
New York, at the identical spot where
his brother drowned himself a. few
years ao. " . . :
Business failures during the las n
sevn days number 33 J, s-onipared with
401 hist week, and 2S in the -Corresponding
Aveek in lbSO. The crisis
seems to be past.
The visible 'supply of wheat Satur
day as compiled by the New York
Produce Exchange was 25,oG4,7US
bushels, an increase of 17,018 Ojusiiels,
and of corn 2,117,302 'bushels, aw in
crease "of 200,013 bushels.
The Maverick Bank, o Sin" An
tonio, Texas, closed its doors after a
run lasting three weeks. The iiabili
are said i be $3il,10t, and theuss'ets
The earnings of the Columbus, Hock
ing Valley & loledo Road shows-a net
the year of V25i,UUU, or
I 4UU murc u,aM j' ca1'- i'uur'
novel tvrstricken road.
I . .
The Chicago Sunday clooing. . league
v;as incorporated, wuli ttro laiKUote
oojeciol closing tippling liuiist? on
thcSaubatll. Aia) it a;cc' d better
than tiie city government.
It is reported that tire njw , M-uvt
pohtical oiganiz iUuti, known a the
i.jigiKS ol ii-jciprc.u . vmii ooLn or
g.ilnze a Ab.ite. loage in Aanas. Se
cret poi'itJCid pig.ii;.z.itlons ai.d ..-secret
police are dangerous tuiugi in a iic-
uy siock oi wiieau 1.1 jxiui.e.-oi.i.
... i . . - . -. i . i
ana tnc ,Lt.Ktas is given at 2i,Oi 1
Ousliei, a gam 5aicc i.il wtci i. oi-i,-250
busu is. U e hope pi ices ui iWtcUi
iiae reached tue loAveat ij-tLCij.
The schcdulesof Itvjbcrts, Juli:.ia:i .
Co., ot AjiV 1 oi'., liaucu liiatcil
Siiovs natalities oi gl0,(JLO,
tual UsjelS ot v13 jjvO. lnia is OeUcr
lltun many ot tue leceut failures.
John Larmoutji, niauufacturtr "ol
tlirealilUg Ulucllifics at'v Jlolittcal, hs
tailed lur 50 ,o'UU. lne "conioine '
beglus to snow lis liouis. lelijitiks
tiire is quite a pe.cpiioic .' oni.li oi
St. Bernard's Roman Catholic t'liiiicJ
at iNe'w 1 o iv was ucsuojeu by 'tire,
causing a loos ot t5,U0V, Willi ad'lu
su.aitcc oi v0J,OUU. All our benevo
lent aud leiiyious li.S.llUtiOiij auu;tl
be "as wisely insured. .- -
James McBr.de' blew up Jen kins'
uiLh dvtiiimlte because lilo win', wlij
was uriing tneie leiiisea to ste itiia.
lie Was ariested. I lie 102s w.is (,-JuU;
The regular quarterly diridend oi
one and Uiree-pu.ti ter cc eettt, pa) aljie
Janviaj was deci.ued by tue Us.
ware, U icKaWaua Vestttn Uit'eciors.
We are to uaye .au other yreat Uau.
An explosion of kerosene caused a
fire in the mine shalt of the L'uitcd
Coal and Coke works, near. ScotLU.'.lf,
Pa. The coal in the mine is s.ud to
have taken tire and if not sj ccdny sub
duel wiM-result ia heavy, los.
The Ohio oil Company at Lima, Dnio,
which is the land dcj..riu.eat of 'the
Standard Oil Couui'iy, mcrcscd the
capital stock frcm S3,5ii0,tiJtJ to tf.
Ml ut I KM) Inf., bun f lit I.. 1 i. 4,
VUUWVV. ...... - - ....... ........ v
During Christinas week at niiUlo,
X. V., the thermometer re.sten J te.i j
degiL's below but at Lvadoiiv.He, V t., j
the mercury sank thu'ty beiow zero.-.
,o Gieeu'Chritma3 ior thu "Hi roe a
Aiodiitain State. ' i
A farmtr darned .llollowm in fu';.d
a nugget' of guld. we!ghiii0' 'viu.y
otihCcs oil iiia lui ui ;u J.iiii...5iv1t teiail
lot'.. I. U t.ii- icUiiS 1..1-1 i'..l;
d. op eviry .-quaie
ti.e 11 ui ne vvi.l i.a
. go.de. x.a..
C'lii'iStmas nii.t, ia i.i- r.,,
(i .. i .!.L;. iJj'. do. il i-A.Vi.-i o;
ueiiiv. lie vi .s i'n sn.t.ii .i it.
! ana Ui'uer xi'ane ..1. 1 1
(.eiil. ti L ie L
RIFLES OP THE FDrUREL
lUROtAfi '.pbUNTP43 AiL ENGAGED
The AT&rtasr of a 31 Vict Klxca: Hat.
I;-r-Gcrr.itiij'fi Slanicr tu d t5io ! rrencH
. lU:lAatrIaa New Kepater 6tUt
Will Ilnpvrn ystnu
Tvt fstnros in Infantry riflea are nf
b3orbiii nttentioa hi all parU io the
-wnrld, rife crdiber" and th rcpeatnj
aparatui France, Gcrtn;inyi Atutrla,
Ealand, IIollhiHt rtnd Italy tira i&ll tw
gaged in r JucinqL tire caliber, and Jir lit
uur oua couiitry Gen. llcwt saya, In alro-'
cent roiTort, tliut .u!m3 quotic:i ot i r
dnccil ealilwr for srrisH arms is oi under '
consivleratioa by the department":
statenicut whicH -Bpealw volumcv i WitU
a smaller ctdibcr nroi joined a'-st-xl! eased
bullet and a j;omprcr.st.d fowdVr, or
else far, more powerful puwdi r, 'wUtli-'
gives greater, range"" and pv'"'-'tKitJon,-vihiloi
many additional cortiS.b:es tjrtha
tho -ssialier .si23 can obv:ouly bo carrh?d '
by the j-oldier. ' This last advantage is tha
more important, graco the tt'inleacy t
Cro to rapidly is iucrea.ed by the repeat- '
Germany, in order to supply her nrray '
with inaitazino guns uiw-id :t Frniic'
kept her factories at Krfr.rth, 'SpBndait.
and D.iutziu working tlay r.u.l n.i-litj-and
now that she has coiaijletcl the armuvj
her troops at large coat, also is to bcin ll "
over asain with a new $m::il bora riflo.
i?.9an3a Frchchhaw :f small boro.
Ihe present German rcpntm-,';urm. w hich
may do for jibe reaervo, and culitla, lar th:..
Mauaor of sixt-ecn years, ago, refurnished
with . a magazine of eight cartridge
pushed by a spring hi to the barrel. ' CoL "
Abuthnot, ' BUix'rintetnk-ht cf tTie ,Enfleld
factory cpasidera it the worst repeater h ' K
haa rfedn. It is certfiinly both heavy und
ill b;ilBioed, although it has the advau-
taga that a simj.le movementturna it
ten single loader, nid ittequires no new
manual of drill. Iiut it is doomed h; fori
Jt has been really, u ski, iK-cause n better
gun is found in France, Tha cnliber of
tiio new German riile is to be eight nnlli
meters, which is only .5 inch, whila
that of the Mauser U. cloven -jnilUmeters,
or .43' inch. - ;
THE LEPKL ntrt.F, v
The Ivtbcl riflo, tulonted by France, hi
cf oidy .ZUi iueli caliber, and carries
eiht "Cartridges in a magazine under tha
barrel. Iu sharp ioin;e,d steel' foullet,
about the size cf a iva, dt he n at a woa
tlt rful velocity by a hew siojkclriis pow
der, has great rangeitn l atcv.rccy. TJ16
60ldier can carry nearly twice many cf
its small cart ridge j '.ni if tli'e -old style.'
The trajectory is utmost tlat fv.r ranges
customary, with a cuuMpit-i.t gain" In'
precision; t'ae rL".oil ij scarcely perceptl-
i'.e, andevea the noise of V.o report ij i
trilling; The l'rencli I'ivloii ril'.e i. cn
ether reraarlial.le -smuU bjr?, cf .015
caliber. - ' :
It dy has asm all caliber ride under con '
Si l'jratiou in the invent i a ;f"(.'.ipt, Fredui.
It-u of M'S) inch -bore, an I eji-els thclcmpty
cartridj.?-, ojcud the: chaiubcr ra;dj -coeLa,
the pice. The I'ici i u cf about tht ai:'
tore, bait of a greater imixiia velocity ,
t!.i:i gn and-the i'band Iebler
b'.'ia iL'jo moist remarhabie of the i?tcent
iuventiuns ia that -repct.. Tiie llebler
is very tigut, and is or onjy .jm tnta
Caliber. ' "
The SchrdhoJ repeater,! he Invention of
an Anntriaa, h:s Ixsii tried with much
thoro'ahae'ij ia I' iirlaa 1. It ta'kes ten
cartrid'i. iiitrodined' fr:T a card b-jar J
bi.x, nu ca:i nl'o le uicd as a fainl'j
loader. I It Would coat k-: :s thaa the Kuj-l.-SU
Martini-l.Khry. 1-1 ut Kn-land :out of "
tlu larje iiumbur of ma ..-.ziae iun open
t la r is: tryinj "i.y 1 tvb rt-.ice thj iia
j rove J Lea and the Lee-iUUm..-. Til a
so favorably I.ika. li in ihe Chited
t:Cte.-, : he.3 a detachable -!SHi:a2ine, aiid.
t'ais is prtferjjed by ...soie expert. it th
UritiiTf af p;ifentjy deci-l j iu lavor of havx
hi'4 tii hepptr ti'xed, kt the movable 0--Eliould
he dropped in the heat of uetka.
They follow the nvovenicatr for ,fnilU
calibers by lixin; on a .1 bore, vhatevtt
tho selection of the innizine rifio tj'steui. ,
"STho largo chargo of compressed powder -Bnl
long bullet will secure hi'jh velocity,
4! at trajectory-and accuracy cf blujutiug.
Grout lli itain .hus had un cxperi(.ueoioiie-
tiling like Germany's, since ,;;lio-hal jtuC,.
introduced, the new Fniiekl-rdartini .-10
caliber 4s an iinprovemeiit ou kr Martini
Henry, which ha3 a .43 bjre, liliJ ovK :
Kpringlkld. Over 10').00J have been com-;
plote.I, with new sword bayonets, but th
fcuiall -caliber will supersede thcia.
AUSTIUA't) liLrEATLil. "
Austria's new repeater, theMannllchcr, '
f"s accurately and rupidly, uud-Cfin
heM ftt?the bholihle? unGl . Its series of. .
cartridges are leli.vercd. Its detachable
magazine is c:.riSt. l in n frame whica haa
an ingenious apparatus for fcetlinjj tLTt
cartridges iatu the u:rril. IttiU freedom
from altcratkaa of aim -between Bhots a'ncl
rapidity cf. luuding,-"it resemble-j tko Leo, .
but tho latter c:m Uj used as a single,
loader, wh'ij tho Mumdickcr cannot.
Austria is al.o among the recuut convert!
to tho smail culiber, ' whichwlll allow "
mere ca.it ridges. than the oiiglnul Slamw
'i' her. The otytia nutuufactory lxaa ro-;
:;ied orders to deUvcr.j mere of tha
i.ire caEber ri3c 3. ' - ,
Other well ..known systems are th
llotthkiw, Chairee-Iloece. Winchester,.
(J-It and Spencer of American invcution,
r. i li (yio KropaUchek, Vetteili, Jaftnan:)
nad others in Europe. Switzerland Wai
the brat country to arm her troop
with .repeaters, atldp'ihg tha Vctterlf1
v.hicii ij-Oic heavkot of ail the magnzina
fiaaj,- weighing ten poaatLs. eight ottuceli,
it even sis ounces ntra than tho Mauser.,
It tal.ber ij .411. Tito jt ia.uia is . tha
ror-eater tf Norway and Gvvoticn, and t cf
idout tie weight of the Mauser, j wit':!'
high mozzle velocity, end-tki smallest;
c.iio.r, .ZZ7. nmoag tho older magazlrij
i.r:.u. Tiie ILiOptschcIi ha for ycarar
i-u.i unetl 'as a repeater in tha -1 rcac))!
( , iat nvr i.
bnt for her land forces 1 ranoo Lad :
. . . - ,
f mou.acatio..3 rather xf tho Graj!
r.de. on thujiysteiu of Le'c, Robin, Picar l
k".1 ot ten, prior to .l.cr selection of tha1
L'S.iA. 'J'VL3 Ticaid iecms litllo cXTecUJ;
oy the i t'sonee of unit or rand. Portugal
1: :.i the Gue le-J, a modiScatlou of the
I.: opa;.-cheh, w.ia a 'small caliber, i .SC7,
and liigii vilociry. Italy wa-i very-rapidly !
eitniiiJj Iilt troops f wita a Vcttcrli,
ciiaagcJ into a repeater on the " Vitalj
cy ieu, but wiil be found devoting Ler
s.'f heiifcforth to a small caliber nrnn-
lc i.i-not al ae the r '
.tnta'jre U dj
. t.l ira rt
1 a trt.ac.Ix.-i v
a i-."ai:-;;l 1.10
n-' I c-i !ar 1.;
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