The Weekly Star (Wilmington, … /
Oct. 4, 1901, edition 1 /
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WILLIAM H. BBBNABD
Bdltor and Proprietor.
October 4, 1901.
In viW of the fact that the recip
rocity question ia now becoming a
subject for discussion throughout
the country, and will become a sub
ject of discussion in Congress, the
U. S. Treasury Department has pre
pared a brief statement of the
treaties entered into with various
countries, with tables showing the
imports from and exports to some of
those countries, for the period . in
which the treaties were in operation
and for two years before and two
fears after, the object being to show
as well as practicable the effect of
The statement shows ; that there
hare been three distinct teats 4t re
ciprocity as follows:
, "(1 ) The reciprocity treaty with
Canada, existing from 1854 to 1S66.
"(l) The reciprocity treaty with the
- Hawaiian government, existing from
1876 lo ihe date of annexation, 1898.
(S.) The aeries of treaties framed
under the McKinley tariff act of 1890,
beeinning with the treaty with Braxil,
April 1. 1891; Dominican republic,
August 1, 1891; Spain, for Cuba and
Porto Rico, September 1. 1891; Ger
many. February L 1892; United King
dom, for the British West Indies and
British Guinea, i February 1. 1898;
Nicaraugua, April 15, 1S92; Austria
Hungary. May 25, 1892; Honduras,
May 25, 1899, and Guatemala, May
"These continued in existence until
the passaee of the Wilson tariff act,
August 27. 1894."
It then takea up the different
countries in succession and enumer
ates the articles which were placed
upon the free list or on which the
. duties were materially lowered, em
bracing a considerable number in all,
-and of course embracing- the chief
articles of export from the countries
. with which the treaties were made.
Some have given James G. Blaine
the credit of having been the origi
nator of the reciprocity idea, but
, this statement shows that it was one
r of Mr. Blaine's borrowed ideas, in
operation as far back as 1854, and
at intervals since then, and at times
with a number of countries, and
with the .Hawaiian islands nearly
fifteen years before Mr. Blaine es
sayed to attach it to the McKinley
tariff. - . -
" . The following tables show the
dates of some of the reciprocity
treaties, and the volume of the im
ports and exports during the period
of the operation of the treaty and
for two years prior to the existence,
and two years subsequent to the re
peal or expiration' of the . treaties as
follows, with i
(Treaty existed from September 11,
1854, to March 17, 1866, with com
merce of two years preceding and fol
lowing that period.)
Fiscal Imports into Exports from
n.- TT n tt o i n
- ;c uu.iuuau. u. kj. MJ Vau.
1852 5,469,445 $10,229,608
1853 6,527,659 12,432,597
1854 8,784,412 24,073,408
1855 15,118,289 27,741,308
1856 2L279.614 29.025.349
- 1857 22,108,916 24,138,482
1858 15,784,835 23,604,526
1859 19,287,565 28,109,494
1860 23,572,796 22,695,928
1861 22,724,489 22,676,513
- 1862 18,511,025 20,573,070
1863 17,484,786 27,619.814
864 29,608,736 26,574,624
1865 33,264,430 29,574.402
1866 48,528.628 24,828,880
1867 25,044,005 21,020,302
1868 26,261,379 24,080,777
1869, nine months of year under recip
rocity. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
(Treaty existed from 1876 to 1898, with
commerce of two years preceding
: and following that period.)
Fiscal Imports into Exports from
year. U. 8. from H. I. U.S.toH.1.
1874 $ 1,016,952 $ 614,628
1875 1,373,681 662,164
1876 1,227,191 779,257
1877 2.250,335 , 1,272,949
1878 2.678,830 .1,736,099
1879 . 3.257,928 2,374,318
1880 4,600,444 2,086,170
1885 8,857,479 2,787,922
1890 12,313,908 4,711,417
1895 7,883,961 3,723,057
1896 11,757,704 3,975.707
1897 13,687,790 4,690,075
1898 17,187,380 5,907,155
1899 17,831,463 9,805,470
1900 20.707.903 -IS Kno 14
OtJBA AND POETO EIOO.
(Treaty existed from Sept 1, 1891, to
Aug. 27, 1894; with commerce of two
years preceding and following that
Fiscal Imports into Exports from
years. U. 8. fna C. & U. S. to C. &
1889 $55,837,996 $13,916,242
xoiu o.ooo.ziy 1,J81,43
1891 64.878,505 14,380,122
1892 81,179,678 20,809,573
1893 82,715,129 , . 28,165,291
1894 78,813,893 22,845 839
1895 54,377.871 14.641,205
1896 42,314.883 9,632,974
BRITISH WEST INDIES.
(Treaty existed from Feb. 1, 1892, to
Aug. 27, 1894; with commerce of
two years preceding and following
vui jeno i.)
U. 8. to
B. W. I.
U. B. from
B. W. I.
(Treaty existed from February 1892 to
August 27, 1894: with commerce for
two years preceding -and following
Fiscal Imports into Exports from
years. U. S. fm Ger. U. 8. to Ger.
1890 $98,837,683 $ 85,563,812
1891 97.316,883 92,795,456
1892 82,907,553 105.521.658
.1893 96,210,203 83,578,988
jlo oa.str.auo 82,357,163
1895 81,014,065 92,053,753
1896 94,240,833 97,897497
The reciprocity agreements now in
existence, framed under the Dingley
tariff, were made on the following
France .May 80, 1898
Portugal June 12, 1900
Germany , July 10, 1900
Italy July 18, 1900
In addition to these there -were
treaties fomed under the McKin
ley tariff with Brazil, Guatemala?-
Honduras, British Guinea, -Nicaragua,
San Domingo, aomewhat simi
lar to those with 1 the West Indies,
and with Austria-Hungary, some
what similar to that with Germany.
Reference to the figures of these
tables will show that the results
varied, but the effect was to
increase both imports and exports,
not always in the same proportion,
although the increase in exports
was large and in some oases consid
erably larger than the imports, and'
it doesn't seem to have interfered
with or retarded the growth of our
manufacturing industries. With
the majority ,of the countries the
treaties provided for the free ad
mission of or low duties on articles
of which we then produced but little
if any, and which consequently were
not articles that much interest was
taken in protecting, bo whether our
trade was materially increased with
these countries or not we were
material gainers because we got
these articles for a less price than
we could have gotten them, if we
could get them at all, with a high
tariff on them. In this respect both
countries were gainers by reciproc
ity, regardless of the increase of
trade and the corresponding benefit
conferred upon the traders, so that
reciprocity was good for all.
Of course the effect it will have
on the trade between this country
and others will depend upon a num
ber of things, the population, pro
ducts, progress and development,
whether it is a purely agricultural
country or both agricultural and
manufacturing that we are dealing
with. To some we sell cotton goods,
meats, agricultural and other ma
chinery; to others we sell other
things which they need and do not
make! for themselves, and so we
take from them the commodities
that we either cannot or do not
produce, or do not produce a suffi
ciency of, so that reciprocity will
not operate alike in any two cases,
but it is better than high tariffs
and the next thing to free trade,
when free trade is impracticable.
TEE APPLE GBOWIVO IN
DUSTRY. The apple growing industry of
the United States is an immense
one, and very profitable to those
whose orchards are well located and
who give the business the attention
it should receive. There are apple
growers whose annual income from
thia crop is from twenty thousand
to fiftv thousand dollars, and
they haven't extraordinarily large
orchards either, but they raise
apples which have a fine reputation,
are in demand and command good
prices. There are such orchards in
Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee
and Missouri, and doubtless in other
States, the crops of which are eager
ly sought by apple dealers who buy
them on the trees; pay a high price
and do the picking themselves.
These are all for use in the large
cities of the-North or for export.
There is no section of the United
States better adapted to the growth
of apples, nor one in which a greater
variety can be grown, or which pro-
uces them in greater perfection,
than North Carolina, every part of
which from the flat country by the
sea to the Western valleys and moun
tain sides, producing fruit of rare
excellence. And there is probably
no State in the Union in which there
are more orchards, and in which
they receive less attention than in
North Carolina, the general im
pression seeming toi be that the
apple, like the hickory nut, walnut,
cmnquepin, persimmon or black
berry, needs no attention, but will
take care of itself. The very abun
dance of the fruit and little trouble
in raising it have operated against it,
and against its proper appreciation
either as a fruit for home use, or for
market. Years ago they were grown
principally for concerting into cider
and brandy, and for home use, the
hogs getting what were left or
what fell from the trees. Out of
the fruit, as fruit, very few growers
realized any money.
Now, however, more attention is
being given to orchards by men who
live near railroads, because they
have discovered that there is profit
in shipping the fruit, but most of
them have a good deal to learn
about the way to handle and shin so
that the apples will reach market in
the proper condition, and bring
them and the merchant who han
dles them satisfactory nri.
Judging from the North Carolina
apples that come to fchia marlrnt- of
least one-half of them are damaged,
Viyn Jon,! r.-rA -j. I i.
w ugu wiu - opvmou. miner in me
picking, packing or on the way, and
the result is not only these are spoil-
ou um guuu appies with them, and
a shipment, which if properly made,
would bring good prices, pays little
or nothing and thus the shipper is
nun ana tne industry too. If ap
ples can be shipped from the inter -
mi Af Vam Va.1. .I v tit..
xvia wiu reacu Wil
mington in good condition, apples
2wu ivium in xiortn (jarouna not
two hundred miles distant surely
should. . 3
Btati or Ohio, Citt or Tolkdo. I
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he la senior
partner of the Arm ot r. J. oiibmkv n? fZ
In business In the City ot Toledo. bounty "and
Diaie aroreeaia, ana mat lt d firm will nay the
am of ONE HUNDBXD DOLLARS for each
ana every case of Oatahrii that cannot be cnreS
w wuw uwv v r r s waianau s u jut,
FEAHK J. OHXNMY
swum w uviure me sum du vmcnueq in mv
presence, this 6th day ot December, a. D. 1886.
Eall'S Catarrh Onra la tatotn intarnallv: inl
?&aireSLUT on the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system. Bend for testimonials, free.
F. J. OHENET A CO., Toledo, O.
?ia by DroziriBt, 76c.
Bail's FamU? Pills are the best t
Confessed Assailant of Policeman
Chadwick Arrested in Bruns
THE EVIDENCE IN THE CASE.
Prisoner Is White Maa of Alleged Bid
Character and Was Brooght to
the City Last Night by
Serf east' Burnett.
After energetic pursuit by the police
for four days the man confeseing
to bo the assailant of Policeman E. R
Chad trick was captured yesterday by
Sergeant O. 8. Burnett in Brunswick
The man captured is John R. Potter,
white, who is known more familiarly
as "John Reb" Potter, aged about 35
years.and last employed at theDelgado
Hills. Chief Furlong received a tele
gram . from Sergeant Burnett giving
the bare facts of the capture and stat
ing that he would arrive in the city
last night via the W. O. & A. rail
road from Brinkley, which is just
across over the Brunswick line in Co
Potter evaded capture since his al
leged crime Saturday night in a most
mysterious manner but Chief Furlong
determined upon his arrest at any cost.
After shooting Mr. Chadwick, Potter
remained in the city until Sunday
morning and then crossed over into
Brunrwick county, his native home.
Although most diligent search was
made for him Saturday night and Sun
day morning, there was little clue to
his whereabouts. Sergeant Burnett,
who has been most active in his ef
forts to catch the man ascertained that
Potter Or some one had shot into the
house of a woman Hying near Fifth
and Wright streets. He soon discov
ered that the tracks about the street
where the shooting occurred, were not
those of the negro Fisher, who was at
first charged with the offence, and. he
followed the tracks to Greenfield mill
pond and later discovered that Potter
bad made an unsuccessful attempt to
get a boat to cross the river further
down. Sunday morning about three
o'clock he crossed at Hilton bridge and
Sergeant Burnett and Policeman Mar
cus Gray were detailed by Chief Fur
long to follow his trail. Later, Chief
Furlong and Policeman E. Skipper
went over but returned with Police
man Gray, leaving Sergeant Burnett
in possession of a' clue which he was
instructed to follow. About twelve
miles from the city Potter had passed
the house of Tom Henry and
about four miles further on
he had been seen by a relative,
Mr. Sam Potter, who gave the officers
all information possible. The next
place where Potter was located was
at the house of a gentleman named
Raven, where he had dinner, shaved
off his mustache and left by mistake
the club which had been wrested
from Policeman Chadwick on the
night of the shooting. From there
track of Potter was lost and Sergeant
Burnett associated with him in the
search Deputy Sheriff Skipper, of
Brunswick. The two officers scoured
the country in search of the man, go
ing to Cronly, Freeman's Cross Roads
and later down to Brinkley. Near
Brinkley Deputy Sheriff Reaves, of
Columbus, was added to the searching
party and in his cart the officers start
ed yesterday morning to the home of
a relative of ' Potter's in Columbus
county. On their way to the place
Sergeant Burnett spotted his man,
carrying a small black valise along a
by-path in Green swamp, about twen
ty five miles from Wilmington. Ser
geant Burnett was armed' with a re
peating shotgun and levelled the
same at Potter with instruc
tions at a distance of about fifty
yards to throw up his hands. He
dropped the valise and did as the Ser
geant requested. He was taken alto
getber by surprise and on his way to
Brinkley confessed everything. He
was afraid he had killed Policeman
Chadwick and inquired anxiously
about his condition. He said that he
shot because he was drunk and deter
mined not to be taken. From Brink
ley he was brought in last night on a
local freight train, arriving at 11:40
o'clock. In his valise were a number
of articles of clothing, $1 in money.
but no weapon. The only signs on
Potter's body to indicate that he was
in the scramble with the officer is a
pistol shot flesh wound on his breast.
The ball entered the clothing but bare
ly penetrated the flesh. The pistol the
officer carried was a British bull-dog
pattern of very poor quality.
Potter is said to have a very un
savory reputation in the community
at large. Some time ago he is said to
have made a murderous attack upon
Wess Odam, white, by beating him in
the race with a brick. For this offence
he was never brought into court and
evaded arrest from every source.
Other petty offences are charged to
him here, and in his native county he
is described as a "mortal terror."
Many of the citizens fear him and a
number of crime are said to be
charged to his commission both in
Brunswick and Columbus.
Potter is a married man, but is said
to be separated from his wife. He has
two children living on the sound.
Policeman Chadwick, who was shot
and beaten badly about the face and
head with the butt of a pistol and his
own club, is doing very well and will
likely be able to appear against Pottex
in the Mayor's court in a few days.
Captured South Carolina Convict.
Policeman I. F. Huggins yesterday
afternoon .went up to the Powers &
Glbbs' factory and arrested Jim Doug
lass, a middle-aged colored man, who
is wanted at Marion, S. C, as an es
caped prisoner from the county con
vict camp there. He is thought to be
one of the number who escaped with
Major Henderson, who was captured
here and returned to South Carolina
about two weeks ago. Douglass denies
that be is wanted in South Carolina.
Superintendent J. T. Dozier, of the
Marion chain gang, is expected to
come for the prisoner to-day.
THE MOORE DAMAGE SUIT.
Most Celebrated Case In History .of County
Still la Hearing at Southport The
John H. Gore, Jr., Esq., of counsel
for defendant, Mr. Fred. Kidder and
a number of other witnesvsa interested
in the case of F. M. Moore vs. Navassa
Guano Company, at Southport, came
up to the city last night at 10 o'clock on
the tug Navassa.
At predicted before in these col'
umns, the case will consume the bal
ance of this week in hearing, and it will
likely be late Saturday afternoon be
fore the issues are given to the jury.
Up to Tuesday noon, thirty of he
seventy -five witnesses for the plaintiff
had bern examined, and at that state
the plaintiff rested. The defendant
then began with its witnesses, and
those that have thus far been examin
ed are Mr. E. Borden, manager of the
chemical department of the Virginia
Carolina Chemical Company; Mr.
H. W. Malloy, president of the Na
vassa Guano Company; Mr Peter S.
Gilchrist, an expert chemist, of Char
lotte ; Mr. W. W. MacRae, super
intendent of the acid cham
bers at Navassa; Mr. B. G. Worth,
who testified as to the rental of the
"Hall place" before it passed into the
hauds of plaintiff; Mr. T. W. Bixby,
an expert from Baltimore, - as to the
construction of acid chambers; Messrs.'
D. L Gore. S. P. McNair, J. H.
Brown, of Wilmington, and S. L.
Chinnis, of Brunswick county.
Dr. Charles Baskerville, professor of
chemistry in the University of North
Carolina, went on the stand in the
afternoon yesterday and had not con
cluded his testimony when court took
a recess last night.
It is expected that it will require un
til to-morrow night to finish with the
witnesses and argument will be made
by counsel to the jury on Saturday.
By agreement the speeches will be
limited to one hour each.
CRAZY VIRGINIA COLORED MAN.
He Will be Taken To-dsy to Emporia In
Charge of Deputy.
Deputy Sheriff W. H. Cox will
leave to-day for Emporia, Va., carry
ing with him Joseph McD. Funn, the
educated colored man from that State,
who was recently adjudged insane by
a commission of lunacy in this city.
It will be remembered that Funn is
the negro who was taken in custody
by the police several weeks ago, and
imagines that someone is pursuing
him for a crime that only has being in
his deranged brain. The transfer of
Funn to Virginia is in accordance
with the laws of North Carolina, and
Col. John D. Taylor, Clerk of the Su
perior Court, will send with the pris
oner all the papers in the case, includ
ing two letters' written by Funn while
in prison to Chief of Police Furlong.
In this letter the delusions of the de
ranged man are pretty accurately
HARBOR MASTER'S REPORT.
Twentytwo Vessels of 27,443 Tons Ca
picity Arrived During September.
The report of Capt. Edgar D. Wil
liams, harbor master at the port of
Wilmington, shows arrival of vessels
of 90 tons and over during the month
of September as follows :
American Eight steam ships, 11,096
tons; one barge, 1,740 tons; three
schooners, 703 tons. Total vessels,
12; total tonnage, 13,539.
ForeignHrEight steamships. 13.109
tons; one barque, 633 tons one schoon
er, 187 tons. Total vessels 10: total
The grand total .number of arrivals
is 22 vessels of 27.443 tons. The re-
port compares yery favorably with
that of the same month last year.
Death of Aged Citizen.
Mr. Tbos. Mashburn. an aged citi
zen of this county, died Sunday after
noon about 2 o'clock at his home on
Middle Sound. He was 67 years of
age and was born and reared on the
farm where he died. The funeral was
held Monday afternoon at 4 o'clock.
A. J. Marshall, Esq , of this city, who
had occasion to look up some Court
House records for the family yester
day, discovered that Mr. Mashburn's
great grandfather lived on the same
place where his son died Sunday.
The family was one of the earliest set'
tiers in this county and the land has
gone from father to son for a period
of nearly 200 years. Mr. Mashburn,
who died Sunday, was never out of his
immediate neighborhood and was one
of the few farmers who literally "lived
at home" and thai, too, for a period of
Valuable Horse Died.
A valuable family horse, belonging
to Mr. James F. Woolvin, died yester
day morning of blind staggers, pro
duced, in the opinion of Dr. T. B.
Carroll, the veterinary surgeon, by
mosquito bites. The horse was famil
iary known about town by the name
of "Dan." He was 16 years of . age,
but was fast on the track and highly
valued by his owner. Dr. Carroll says
huudred of horses- have died this year
along the North- Carolina coast from
disease produced by mosquito bites.
Another Cotton Cargo,
The British steamship Roxby, was
cleared yesterday morning by Messrs,
Alexander Sprunt & Son with a cargo
of 10,586 bales of cotton for Bremen,
Germany. Last year on Oct. 3rd, six
cargoes had been cleared for foreign
export, whereas this year only two
cargoes have gone forward. The Brit
isn steamship Linwood has cleared for
Charleston, 8. C, for a cargo. .
Ha Fooled Ilia surareona.
All doctors told Renick Hamilton,
of West Jefferson. O., after suffering
eighteen months from Rectal Fistula,
he would die unless a costly operation
was performed; but he cured himself
with five I boxes of Bucklen'a Arnica
Salve, thi surest Pile cure on earth,
and the best 8alve in the world, 256
a box. Sold by R. R. Bellamy, drug
gist. T t
KILLED A FINE MULE.
Unknown Person Entered Mr. 0. T. Shep
ard's Stable and Hacked a flood
' Animal to Death.'
One of the most inhuman and das
tardly acta ever recorded in the county,
perhaps, was perpetrated at Mr. Geo.
T Shepard's place on Middle Sound
between midnight and day Sunday
morning. Some fiend in human form
entered the stables between the hours
indicated and deliberately killed a fine
mule belonging to Mr. Shepard by
knocking the animal in the head with
an axe or hatchet until it was dead.
Mr. Shepard's driver, who had been
to the city Saturday with a load of
produce, returned about 11 o'clock at
night and the mule, in the very best
of condition,' was turned into her
stable as usual and fed. She com
menced eating heartily and Mr. Shep
ard retired for the night Upon going
to the stable at 6 o'clock Sunday
morning he was dumbfounded to find
the mule dead and , perfectly stiff.
There was no sign of sickness ot wal
lowing on the ground as mules
usually do when sick. An ugly gash
about three or four inches long and
one and a half inches deep was found
in the animal's forehead and another
of like character on the side of the jaw.
Mr. Shepard is naturally at a loss to
account for the motive that prompted
uch a deed.
TO DIVIDE THE ASSOCIATION.
Plans Being Devised for Division of East
era Baptist Organization-Committee.
At the recent union meeting of the
churches in the Southern division of
the Eastern Baptist Association, a
committee consisting of Rev. Dr. Cal
vin S. Blackwell, Rev. J. C. Walton
and Rev. R. H. Hewlett, was appoint
ed to ask for letters of dismission from
the Eastern Association nd to meet at
Burgaw on Thursday following the
third Sunday in November for the
purpose of forming a new Association
to be named, perhaps, the "Wilming
The Eastern Association now com
prises a very large area and there has
long been on the part of the churches
in the Southern division a desire to
withdraw from the old and form a
new association. This desire will prob
ably be gratified in the formation of
the new organization as will be out
lined by the committee in charge.
Suit About Wharf Property.
Before Dr. W. W. Harris, Justice
of the Peace, an interesting civil suit
was heard yesterday. It was brought
by Mr. Thos. F. Bagley against Capt.
Charles Wessell and involves a ripa
rian right. Mr. Bagley owns wharf
property near the foot of Ann street.
He claims that the defendant is in
debted to him in the sum of $70 for
seven months rent of the wharf. Capt
Wessell has used the place on differ
ent occasions for tieing up bis .boats.
Capt Wessell claims that the boats
were made secure to. piling in front of
the wharf and placed there under in
structions from the Harbor Master
of the port He contends, therefore,
that the piling are not a part of the
property. The plaintiff is represent
ed by Thomas Evans, Esq., and Wm.
J. Bellamy, Esq., appears for the de
fendant Dr. Harriss has reserved his
decision until to-morrow morning at
10 o'clock.' f
Married Yesterday Afternoon.
Miss S. Ethel Campbell, daughter of
Dr. D. B. Campbell, of Loris, 8. C,
was married yesterday afternoon at 3
o'clock to Mr. J. B. Smith, of this city,
the Rev. J. N. Cole, pastor of Grace
M. E. Church, officiating. The cere,
mony was performed at the residence
of Mrs. Thees, No. 313 Chesnut street,
where the bride and groom will reside
in tbe future. Only a few friends
The negro Jim Sanders, who
was recently sent from Wilmington to
Mullins, S. C, for trial with four
others for houserbreaking and bur
glary, has been held for the higher
court in South Carolina. He broke
into a store at Mullins and stole a
number of watches, pistols and other
Fiihe That I4ve For Centnrie.
There seems to be hardly a natural
limit to the life of some kinds of fishes.
There are in the royal aquarium in Rus
sia several carp which are over 60Q year;
old according to Professor Suelso, and he
believes that tbe ordinary carp lives to
at least 500 years if sot interfered with.
Ordinarily goldfish have been known to
live for 100 years. In the museum in
Mannheim, Germany, is preserved the
skeleton of a pike which was caught in
1497. It was nine feet long and weighed
850 pounds. In the gills was fixed a
ring bearing this inscription in Greek, "I
am the fish which was first of all put
Into this lake by the governor of the uni
verse, Frederick II, the 5th of October,
1280." Ihe pike was therefore at least
267 years old when caught.
She I can only be a sister to you,
Pe (with repressed emotion) How old
She (curiously) Twenty, last October.
He Well, you can't be a sister to me.
I've got a sister at home who vas 20
last August, and you see that sort of re
lationship won't work. Try something
else. London Tit-Bits.
Comes from Dr. D. B. Cargile, of
Washita. I. T, He writes: "Four bot
tles of Electric Bitters has cured Mrs.
Brewer of scrofula, which had caused
her great suffering, for years. Terri
ble aores would break out on her head
and hands, and the doctors could give
no help; but her cure is complete and
her health is excellent" This Bhows
what thousands have proved that
Electric Bitters is the best blood puri
fier known. It's the supreme remedy
ior eczema, tetter, salt rheum, ulcers,
boils and running sores. It stimu
lates liver, kidneys and bowels, ex
pels poisons, helps digestion, builds
up the strength. Only 60 cents. Sold
by R. R BEiiLAHy, druggist Guar
i o n. i a. .
The Kind Yob Have Always
OF LYNCH LAW.
White Man Hanged by Masked
Men for Criminal Assault
TWO NEGROES IN KENTUCKY.
Charged With tbe Murder of a White Man
Who WasCraelly Stoned to Death at
SbelbyvHIe Both Mobs Took
Prisoners From Jails.
by Teiegrapn to the Mornhw btar
Helena, Mont., Octv 2. James
Edward Brady, the man who assaulted
Ida Pugsley, five years old, in Helena
yesterday, was this day, about ten
o'clock, taken from the jail by a mob
and hanged to a telegraph pole in the
Haymarket square, about three blocks
from the jail. The crowd was order
ly, and, after the man was hanged, it
quietly dispersed- There were about
200 men engaged in the affair, and
they were all masked. They attacked
the jail door with a battering ram, and
it soon yielded. On gaining admit
tance they demanded at the point of a
gun the keys of the jail, and threat
ened the jailor that if he did not yield
the man they would kill him. The
jailor then got the man out of his cell
and be as given to the mob.
When they first took him, Brady
asked: "What is it, gentlemen?"
The march to the hanging place was
quiet. Brady was given a chance to
say a word. He declared that they
had tbe wrong man, although he had
been positively identified by his vic
tim and a score of other persons, who
had seen him with the child. He also
asked thatsome money, that was due
him from the Montana Central rail
road, be sent to a niece, and then he
was pulled up. The end of tbe rope
was lied to the pole and the crowd dis
persed. Later, Sheriff McConnell cut
the body down and placed it in a
coffin. There will be an investigation
. Kentucky Lynching
Shelbytille. Ky , Oct. 2. Jimbo
Fields, aeed 16. acdClarer.ee Garnett,
acred 18. both colored, were lynched
here early this morning for the al
leged murder of Will C. Hart, a prin
ter. who was stoned to death on Satur
day night, September 21. The boys
were taken from the jail and swung
from the Chesapeake and Ohio rail
road trestle within five hundred yards
of tbe jail.
The mob went to the jail and de
manded the keys from the jailor, but
he refused to surrender them. The
doors of the jail were then battered
down The prisoners were removed
almost before they had time to realize
wbat was happening. Tbe work was
done quietly and the mob dispersed
without its members' identity becom
Hart came to Shelby ville from Le
banon, Ohio, and at the time of his
death was employed as a printer on the
8helby Sentinel. The details of his
death are not accurately known, but
the evidence was conclusive that
Fields and Garnett were his murders
era. Hart's body was found in a path
leading from the house of the mother
of Jimbo Fields.
DO COWS CRY?
The Grief of an Animal Whose Calf
H4 Been KUe4,
A correspondent writing to Dumb
Animals sa.rs: Dumb animals are said
to have a "sign" language of their own
by which they make known the emo
tions of pleasure or pain and a limited
catalogue of wants and sorrows. Re
cently I had occasion to dispose of a
5-months-old calf which was taken
away about noon and butchered a
short distance from my residence.
When the cow came home at night
she missed her calf, and although an
orphan calf was permitted to suck she
continued to call it by affectionate
mooing and looking." The cow, how
ever, only gave about one quart of milk
Instead of a gallon or more, as former
ly. During the night she lowed -frequently
for her calf, and the next
morning wheu it did not appear she ex
hibited unmistakable signs of grief.
The orphan calf was no solace to her.
She was driven to the woods with her
mate, but came back and continued
lowing until noon. She catne Inside
the inclosure, but would not eat grass.
Just after dinner a great commotion
was heard in the direction of where the
calf was butchered, made by a number
of cattle lowing, having scented the
fresh blood. The grief stricken mother
cow ran to the closed gate and looked
beseechingly toward me, as much as to
say, "Please open the gate," which
being done she started on a run to
where the other cattle were lowing.
In a short time she came slowly
walking back to the bouse and was
again permitted to come Inside the in
closure, when she deliberately took up
a position at the kitchen door, wistful
ly looking In mute despair at each
niember of the family as they happen
ed to pass her. The tears flowed copi
ously from her eyes, and there she
stood the balance of the afternoon,
weeping incessantly, with the same ap
parent grief that a mother would for
her dead child. It really caused me to
shed tears of sympathy for the poor
. TOLD BY THE GROCER.
Hit Conversation With n Deaf Wom
an Lost Him a Customer.
"I'll tell you how I lost a good cus
tomer the other day," said the grocery
man. "I have one customer who Is ex
tremely deaf, and to make ber hear I
have to Just yell at her. It takes about
half an hour to get her order, and by
that time my voice is pitched so high
that I can't get It down to earth again.
"The other day it happened that aft
er she left in came Mr. Oldboy, who Is
a perfect crank. Was in the army once
and a great stickler for bowing and
scraping and ail that sort of thing.
Wants a fellow be trades with to sa
lute and present arms and do all kinds
of things. He came In and said, 'Good
morning. I wish you had heard me
yell at him. My voice made the win
dows rattle. He looked surprised, but
went on talking to me, and I kept up
answering him in a voice that could be
heard a block away. He got madder
pud madder, but I never knew what
was up until finally he got red in the
face and said. 'Mr. Black, sir, I am not
deaf, sir, and I resent your yelling at
pie as if I couldn't hear a cannon fired
In my ear.' With that out he went
"You see, I had been talking to the
deaf lady and couldn't get my voice
down again. ,Tou try It some time and
see if you don't yell at every one you
meet Funny, too, but I always yell at
blind people and foreigners, and I ak
ways whisper when I go In where any
one's sick." Indianapolis Sentinel.
Prepared For Relatives.
Husband (at dinner) My, my! This
la a regular banquet worthy of a Del
monico. Finest spread I've seen in an
age I What's up? Do you expect com
pany? ' .
Wife No, but I presume the cook does.
What to Eat
CHINESE COURT TO
RETURN TO, PEK1N.
PreparlBf to Start On tbe JoaraeyTAr.
raigemeats Aloof the Line The
By Cable to the sun uinx star
Pkkin, Oct. 2. Dispatches from
Sian Fu announce that the Chinese
court is preparing to start about Oct.
6ih. The temporary palace there is
being dismantled, and all the furnish
ings will be carried for use en route.
Tte officials and servants will consti
tute a caravan numberirg from 3,000
to 5,000 persons, with 1,200 carts and
several thousands of horses and mules
that have been collected in the Sian
Fu district. Two parties have already
stned to make preparations along the
line. The towns through which the
court will pass are engaged in decor
ating temporary palaces and collect
iutr supplies. The Emperor, or the
Empress Dowager, in his name, has
issued an edict strictly commanding
the officials to pay for all supplies.
The native papers report that several
eunuchs have been beheaded for prac
ticing extortion upon the people. An
imperial edict commands Li Hung
Chang, as governor of the province of
Chi Li, to borrow 700,000 taels from
the other provinces to defray the ex
penses of the court's journey. 8pe
cial local taxes are being levied which
the people, already impoverished by
bandits, foreign puntitive expeditions
and missionary indemnities, are ill
able to afford.
Li Hung Chang said to-day: "The
court will certainly arrive in Pekin
within two months."
Despite such official statements
many foreign officials here believe the
Empress Dowager fears the foreign
troops are kept to entrap and punish
htr, and the theory is that she will
pass the Winter in Kai Tuen Fu send
ing the Emperor to Pekin.
Prince Ohing, conversing with for
ei a officials to-day asserted that the
Emperor and the Empress Dowager
were agreed as to the neeessity of
changing the Chinese methods of gov
ernment and that steps for; the en
forcement of edicts would be taken as
soon aa the court returned to Pekin.
Unquestionably the . reform move
ment is stronger among the upper
classes than ever before. Prince Su,
who was recently appointed collector
of taxes on goods entering Pekin an
office heretofore considered worth
100,000 taels per year has . an
nounced that he purposes to deposit
all the collections in the treasury
and to request the Emperor to pay
him a fair salary. His subordinates
resent this plan and Prince Su has been
threatened with assassination.
BOERS AND BRITISH
Kitchener's Report of Recent Engage
meats Many Killed and Wounded.
By Cable to the Horning Btar.
London, Oct. 2. Lord Kitchener
tc-day reports that two officers and
thirty-one men have been 'killed in an
attack made on Col. Kekewich's camp,
at Moedwill. The Boers, who were
under commandants De Larey and
Kemp, had fourteen officers and 114
men wounded, after two hours night
fighting, when the Boers were driven
off. The Boer reverse at Moedwill oc
curred Sept. 29th. The Boers are report
ted to have been one thousand strong.
Lord Kitchener, in his dispatch says
the British repelled the attack with
great vigor. Colonel Kekewich was
slightly wounded ia two places. He
says that all ranks behaved extremely
well. The wounded were taken to
Bustenburg, half way between Preto
ria and Mafeking. Lord Kitchener
confirms the heavy losses of the Boers,
about 250 killed and 300 wounded dur
ing their attack on Fort Itala and
Fort Prospect. He says the guns re
cently captured at Vlakfontein have
been recovered from the Boers.
' London, Oct. 3. A. telegram from
Bloemfontein indicates that the guns
Lord Kitchener reports having recov
ered were dug up, the Boers havioe
A mixed column, under General
Kitchener, (Lord Kitchener's brother)
has been sent to relieve, presumably
Natal, from Commandant General
Botha's forces. It has reached Vry
heid. STRIKING MINERS.
A Serious Clash With Non-Union Men.
Several Were Wounded.
By Telezrapn to tne Morning Star.
Hopkins ville, Ky., Oct. 2. A
srrious clash occurred during the
night between non-union employes
and supposed striking miners. Cot
tages of employes at the Empire mines
in North Christian were attacked by
about twenty-five men, supposed to be
union men from Hopkins county.
Over a hundred shots were exchanged.
Albert Burton, an Empire employe,
was shot through the eye and may die.
Guards arrived and the attacking party
fled. Monday night non-union men
returning from work were fired upon
from ambush. Tom Bell was shot
through the leg and several had nar
row escapes, bullets passing through
MISS HELEN H. STONE.
The Brigands Have Fixed October 8th as
the Limit for Payment of Ransom.
By Cable to the Morning star.
Constantinople. Oct.- 2. The bri
gands who carried off Miss Helen H.
Stone, the American missionary and
her companion, Madame Tsilka, a
Bulgarian i lady, have fixed October
8th as the limit of time for the pay
ment of the ran8om, $110,000 demand
for Miss Stone's paIadra Th KiHin.
place of the brigands has not yet been
discovered and tha delay accorded by
the abductors is taken to indicate that
they consider their retreat auite se-
DO YOU SHOOT?
If you do you should send your name and address on a postal card fbr a
UUN CATALOGUE. IT'S FREE.
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IN BEHALF OF CZOUMsz,
Two Applications for Commutation of
Sentence Made to Gov. Odell
By TeiejrrapH-tortiflJrafnine Btar
Albany, N. Y., Oct. 2.-Governr,r
Odell arrived in this city this after
noon from Newburgh and when ho
reached the executive chamber he was
surprised to find on his desk two let
ters requesting him to commute i
life imprisonment the sentence w
Czolirosz, the murderer of President.
McKinley. One letter was sentbv
man in Illinois and tbe other by a
man in Maine. They were evidently
written by cranks, in the opinion f
the Governor, and no attention wiii
be paid to them.
"You may be assured that nothine
will be done by me," said Governor
Odell, "to prevent the execution of
Czolgosz on the day fixed by law."
He also received a petition that the,
body of the murderer after the elec
trocution be buried at sea. The Gov
ernor understands that the body must
be surrendered to the condemns!
man's relatives if they claim it after
death that they may have charge of its
LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES.
Large Amounts Taken in the Mutual Life
of New York by Prominent
'New York, Oct. 2. The tendency
Of business men to protect their estates
by policies of life insurance is becom
ing as general as to protect their build
ings by policies of fire insurance.
Since Mr. Geo. W. Vanderbilt, of
New York, and Mr. Prank H. Pearv,
of Minneapolis, each took policies for
($1,000,000) one million dollars a few
years since in the Mutual Life Insu
rance Company of New York, thpn
has been no equally large sum writ
ten on one individual. These reman:
the record figures for. the world ; but
policies of $50,000 and $1CT,000, and
even $20,000, are so frequent as
to cause little comment; and eve;,
when Mr. Sidney . A. Witherbee, of
Detroit, took $30,000 in five per ceni.
gold bonds insurance from the Mutuxl
Life, early in this year, it passed al
most as a matter of course. It is sig
nificant that wheu a business man's
estate is settled these days, life insur
ance is generally found to be a very
important part of it ; often all then
is of it. Life insurance in one of the
great companies yields a good rate of
interest, as an investment, apart
from the protection it affords.
Tbe Slaughter of Members of Company C
of tbe Nintb V. S. Infantry.
By OaDie to tne Morning Btar.
Manila, Oct. 2. The latest advices
from the island of Samar give harrow
ing details of the slaughter of th
members of Company C, Ninth U, S.
infantry, last Saturday, at Balaneiga.
It seems that the presidente of the
town, claiming to be friendly, led the
assault in person.
On "hearing of the slaughter Col.
Isaac D. Derussy, of the Eleventh in
fantry, started for the scene immedi
ately with a battalion. The body of
Captain Connell had been tied at tbe
heels, saturated with kerosene and
partly burned. Forty five bodies had
been burned in a trench, leaving
seven unaccounted, for. The charred
remains of many were recovered. i
numerous instances the bodies had
been badly mutilated.
Three hundred Macababees will also
bo-dispatched to the scene of the mas
sacre on board the -Legaspi, which is
delayed by a typhoon.
Kinston Free Press: Mr. Joe
Ballard, a tinner, was arrested Tues
day morning on a charge of forgery.
Tbe case is to be heard before Justice
Cox Thursday. Ballard was sent to
jail to await the trial in default of a
$250 bond. Mr. E. W. HuflVa 'mer
chant on Tuckahoe, cashed a check
for Ballard made out to John Baxter.
The check called for $25.00 and was
on the Citizens' Savings . Bank, and
contained Judge O. H. Allen's signs
ture, Mr. Huff found the check was
a forgery and had the warrant issued
for Ballard, who claims that Baxter
gave him the check. When question-,
ed as to. who Baxter was he said he
was from Duplin county.
Curat) Blood Poison and Cancer.
Eating sores, swellings, falling hair,
mucous patches, ulcers, scrofula, acb
ing bones and joints, itching skin,
boils, pimples, etc., by taking Botanic
Blood Balm (B. B. B.), made especial
ly to cure malignant blood and skin
troubles. B. B. B. heals every sore
and makes the blood pure and rich.
Over 3,000 cures of worst and most
obstinate cases by taking B. B. B.
Druggists, $1. Describe trouble and
trial, bottle sent free by writing to
Blood Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga. t
second class in rize."
sw m m m . mm
sep 7 D&W 8t
The Weekly Star (Wilmington, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Oct. 4, 1901, edition 1
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