North Carolina Newspapers

1- $
;C3cf:,.'.-w- 'fli?' rap?- . ,,.lV. ,
Mora Beeotastructioa.
We pitbliah, in another column, in ah
strsct of legislation" supplemental tu the
Sherman Shcllubarger Bill, which w inau
punned in the Senate, on Thursday last, by
Meaar. VYIIeoB anu ouiuncr nwpccuveiy.
Our telegraphic advices Ui day slate that
the -Judiciary Committees, in both Houses,
are siilaitantlnlly agreed upon the main pro
,..itious contained in Mr. Wilson's Hill
placing all the mechiuiry lor ordering the
Convention, c., In the Hands ol we mill
' (-..inniandaut. with a lirovisi. that he
may Uclegata bis power" to the acting tlv
crtior of tbe State, the latter taking an oath
i,,r it faitblul exercise. Tile supplemental
Hill, thus Uvored by the Coiiuniltce, also
provides (r a rcgistiaiion of voters by the
first "I Scptciiilwr Ucxt, aliicli ii, nf course,
, nrj neoeaswiy feature.
It lias impressed Us, from the Ural, fr.
the reading f the Bill, that it waif the ill-
n otion of the framer of the law tint the Mil
itary Commander should order the election
f.,r the lich gates to a Convention; though,
should It be eicctcd or admissible I hat it
should le done ly tile legislature, we should
prcler that mode as mole normal and legili
mate, In either mode, tor the sake nt ending-
turmoil and agitation, our law abiding
m 4le ill arquU-w e. Kiilu taw lioncd
,t futahtWiffly-trw ruling power, will
have the effect of putting an end to Dorritr
k.I revolutionary movrnicnts. w hyh are cal
ulalril and intended to keep jip pri judicc,
l.itlerno ami excitement, add, aa uch, are
h.ntilc to the prolcused objects the Ai t.
Tlie Hill l Mr Sumner seems to deain j
limlier disfranchisement ami the placing o
maflj the entire olilical powi r in tin
hind ol thai l.laik. It apparently ron
leni)latea a jrtililion of thin"; aimilar to
that whieli eniata in I lie State f Teiine,
alierr aiety iscunviilaetl to il ery retitre,
ami aliere anareiiT. conluaion ami malne
rule the hour. Hbouhl the prem-nt I'onjjriui
imlirate a purpe (of whieli, aa yet, He Kt
nu jut t'rrmuil for appri h. nion,( to euniu
Ule the hirdahipaut tile hhiriuan Hill, ant)
l.i place the Stale in the tame rategnry w itli
Teuneaaee, why then, of r'nurae, no mm ill
.Wrli Carolina, who ia intvrenleil in peace
an. I tiaiKiuility, ran have anything to iln
itli the matter. They will U- lonlriliuiing to the reatoratinn ol that
iuiet ami ofiU-r which the late Con!ci.
auiuel to lie thr ground of it IciinlMtion ;
ami tli- I H of H. Tolnlion must roll n k
IcmIj' ixi. nart -ping away all the anfef-uanla
ami muniroenta of aociety.
Th Baakrnpt BilL
For the Uwllt of our ri ab r ami the
pulilir. we continue Cr a few lu, on tlii'
toiirth pnffc of the Daily ltnli;4. r '
of the Stat Keirenue bill imt alwi the Honk .
nipt hill rerrntly pawl by f 'onirn-aa.
In the prew-nt condition of tlie people of
the Hiuthi itntftnmm hatMuttt.. 'nuthiuK.
ahicli t likely 1o be of ao much U-nefit to
them aa tlie Bankrupt bill. TliouAmU of
our people, w ho (iarc heretofore fwi-n ninonn
4lit nuwt euturpriauig. ott ijij.' to tlie injurio
reiiltin from the war, have heroine Iiojm--lewrr
in.itlft, Tbe Btay Law MMe.l by
the neveral rotate 1-pinlatnn'a only proiiiin
tiiiiHrary n-livf, and aiinplypnt ofT the r il
ilay, affording nrr ultimate n-h-aae. The
i neriry, which a tieaire to relieve one'a wlf
fmiii the cruoliinu weight of debt calla
t'ortltj will only lie exerted under the Stay
I.nwa fiir the lirneflt of other, h aving large
ilelMora atill hampered, beyond the powdbil
ity uf payinj;. Under atn-li in-iuiitan e
it appear to Ua that every large debtor.
li'e mean do not enable him lo meet hia
"I'ligationa, ought at once to apply for the
liiiefltanf bankruptcy under the new Con
trreaalonal bill.
The opinion, we observe, is advanced,
that the Bankrupt bill by CoiigTejw render
null the StafjStay Lw; if no. it i pluin
that all large debtors especially, who are
eonltrtent thrtt Thrr rimnot par, ahoirld t
once avail tbeniseJrea of ita la-nelita.
We bav urged, time and again, that
i 'miprouiine alone promiaed any nl relief
to hopelewa debtora. The Bankrupt law
nffnrila a cooipromirte, to the eticnt that
every creditor will get hia firo mln Hrtion
of the debtor's pmperty, and while it take
l that a debtor haa, yet it ri'leaaea him en
tirely irnm all hi aat ih-lita. Under aw h
ireumatancm a marl of energy may hope to
"joy. at acme future day, the ln-nefitaof hia
l ilair and ewterprwe, whereas nnder the
Slay Law. if he ia hojieleasly in debt, he baa
no ant'h proaMM't,
Wi iiiciiiir.T to leurn that Col. V. II.
Tliomiia, of Chi-rokee Comity, i aiifferiiig
miller mental deningement, growing out of
the exeitementa of the limea, and lia had
to lie aeit to the Inanne Aayluin. We have
for day hern aatiadeil tlint audi a atep waa
nia-eaaary. We trilat tliat he may aH-edilf
Wiikat Crop. We learn that the wheat
nip in the ttate ia promising. We hope
that tlie aetdiug haa Iteen for a large crop.
Tlie acarcity of com will render nil early
whwt'lJrw'llceaiia'ry1 .' -' " v
in oopiea of tbe report of lb laturiamin
inj iegitlativ committee on tbe N.C. R R.
and with a to publiah it in tha Bthtind.
We kave no onpiat ol the report, and could
not pohliaU it- il paper, on account of
iU great length. Wa regret that the Lcgia
tatnre did not order a Urge aumbar priotad
-t Ula tlnw.
Military Rule.
Under the adniiiiiairatiiMi of a wiae and
jndiciou Military Commander,, much of tha
rigor and harahhea ol martini law, whieli
CunaUtute oueui' tl; thief obiia.Uuiia of the
American jienple to miliary rule, would be
obviated. W. rioua nn.l wi-H foiiiidt d aa are
the reaaona why the N.ulljcrn eiip!e aliould
olijei t to it, yet we llnd thut a very general
prelerence is etpreaaed for military rule
ovei hiicIi Htate govrrniiieiita aa arc now ad
ministered in Teniiear-ve and Miaaouri.
But, in thia reapict, the Southern people
niny not have a choice. Witliiuit a ahadow
ul rt-uaou, in ll iy Slate eapecially, lor the
i'liarj.'e tl,:it I'ui ui men are pi-rai-cutcd.
or luiair.m.'.l, t he .i ri.i-l. ut and yIiiii'ic
falaeh.Hiil uh.l lin-r. j.n M-iilniiuii u hicli have
I" '! carried on l.y thoae who claim to lie
Sotilhi rn loyaliola, h ive deeply impre aed
the Xot liuiiu iuuh! tbat kUtib ia liW tact.
and luiice tlx biiur, pioacriptive. apirit
a hu ll ia alill iiiniiili bli il l aoine portion of
the Norih, ami by ('oiiireaa, toward the
great bulk of the Southern people.
Our reader will hear in mind, (IkiI not a
ingle well groiuiiled charge of thia kind
liaa iH-en auatained. In no mataiice, aince
the war, ha there la-en exhibited in ihia
Slale a di-poailioii, on llu paitnf llioae win
iiKlnined tin- win, lo n in. i uli- or afflict in
all) aav L'uiiin men. or aocallcd I'uion
men, on uirotini .. llu iroiinioiia. In i vit
iiiMlnuce, w In r. Niicli chargt-a have l.ii n
uadi,,:uiil liau l ieu tnijUttad into, thev
have- Ueu loiiinl in lu- utlerlv groumlleaa.
Nor haa ihi clmrgi- la-,-n h n ally
wiiiiid I'liioi ii. Men ol a bitter and
riyiil jirit, lm aRail other, or are aim
aive ol the p.'lili. .il coiirM- ol i.tln r, ure
mx. i le. I in return, lint real Union m.-n
el. I. mi indulge in thia. A lino I
li rneaa and violence i f remark or abuse haa
come from renegadea from the (Southern
raiiM- nun w bo at onetime utaiuid it,
and then al.Miidone.l it, either from ahccr
fwtr or Ir.iii j-iiii-.ier iie tive.
In thHale 1-glnUl me ih-TH Were wveral
ol I hi-clasi-. u ho were diaMiaed to charge
piraei uli. .ii iijmiii the iiiiijorily . The case ol
.Mi. Biylhe i laiuiliar to our reader, lie
a in- at hrat ipiite mii.Ii.iui-, Imt when the
ll.nie gave him a chance to make good hi
I'imrge, he igriaily tailed, Whin prea4 hr
the i vidi iiee to ain-iuiii hi charge, he al
length ii.luiilii.l that he knew of no in
ntniicr of ier-ni-ution except that I'uion
lin n had la-i n charized w ilh l-ing in
luior nl t.ryro tvjf'ni'jr ' Tlii i- aUml tlie
auj.'iiii of the perKei ution.
Kit a time. then, our people mtwt Mibuiil
piiell) lo miliian rule. If Pieaident John-
aoii ahoiild wkcl the liir-tri. t .Hunan. Icr
from I he lu-t of ilii.tiiigiiialjeil numcaiui the
ariu'v roll, we appiehemt that no aelioui.
I llii nlti can iiii-e in thia Stale. Indeed.
tehi- ! i .l .i.l i mi. Ii rule, with inr
law al.i.liii.j. pi ..t i til-le man in the State,
would la- pri u i to ui Ii mongrt-l. her
in iphriMlut- Stale uovc mtnent a ejiiat in
l'i nneaxer or Miihiu, or audi an orVt the
l)..iritc a i.uhl give ua ill North
CatniiiUL. .. f . ...
Cii.oNK.l. Cowan.- We have heretofori
ajatken of the able and eloquent effort of
Col. Cowan in Im halfof the pavuieiil, the
Slate, of the in'ti n t on it debt. "Ida,"
the ltahit:h cio ri i-poiuli-nt of the Fayette
iilc I'roliytri iii , under date of March 4th,
in N-akiiig of thia cevh, very truly re
m:irk :
" Colonel Cow an made a ei-ch, in up
purl ol thia bill, that would reflect cn-ilit (in
any living man, and allowed him to be in
ptiaM-Mfciiiu ol' a fuinncial mind of the high
eat order, lie wa Hlenil to by a large, at
tentive and appreciative uiii Inner. He
howi d that it waa our duly lo adopt audi
legislation a would rrslore the credit of the
Slate. II we la-gin now, :t(l cent on the
1 100 value of leal eatale will enable il to
meet ii ; if w e ait lour year longer it ill
take $!.0. anil Ihe chaitct lor fundiug a
poriiou of it w ill nut he t.igiHi.l, il ii can
la- done at all. The advnnlae to all our
public cnterpi - would lie ini-nlcufeihle ;
hile il iild aiipply our m.ile wilh a
curienev, by enabling our railroad einiipa
niea to negotiate their lionda al niiii-h more
favorable rate The Kill waa defeated by
it vole of 41 to 57; and i heard many who
voted agaiiiai it aar that he aatiatied them
that the bill ought to pa-,, but our M-ople
Wi le ao nun h impoveriaheil by the reaultaol
the war, and our political future an dark and
ghainiv, they were afraid to undertake it
Who hum.i. rti.i.. the Convkntion ?
We preHiiiue that CongrcHH will settle thia
vexed ipieation to-day, by the iidoption of
Mr. Wilaoa" bill in both Houkc.- thrr-e
eellcnt coleinporarv, the OUI Surlh State,
and the Stiimlnril differ wilh us. We hold
that. the Sherman Shelhibatoer bill
fati-a clearly by it" term, that Congrcv in
tended that the District Commander should
oall (Jie State CoiiveutioDa.: At. Jirl. V) ('.
Ihoughl uilh the OM North Sinir that Con
gress intended that the Stale Legislature
should do it. but a careful investigation i '
the whole tenor of Ihe bill satisfied us that
the military aiilliorilies should do so. We
were therefore glad that our Legislature
did not do , and we ohacrve that recent in
formation make the Virginia Legislature
hMifc try uMHiit. Lubr .advice show
eonrli'wlvely that the Stumlnril i wrong in
il Torrite"hiovem nt. A leading NorfheTri
Hepnblican, writing to a genllenien in thi
city, aoutc duya ago, aay :
' iTohWaltartilP iwnrrnwtit -hi HttlieK
lion,'" jut aa Ilia movement in 1HI11 waa.
flrtting up . rtbelllott to. our gDVernmeijt
aesL-ni to be Iloldcn' principal occupation."
Tbe Standard uy we gave an incorrect
Tertion ol the affair between tbe editor oi
tha Wittt0n.iSeii(uN) and Salem Otorwr ; if
Ki,'the Wiuaton Stntiml li responsible tor
It, ai wa took our atatamaat from that paper,
sat baring teea Um Owerw.
Judge Kowle preaided at Montgom
ery Superior Court week la-fore last, nnll at
Stanly Court, last week. We leant, from
the Wadeaboro' Argti; that a number of
suit had la-en instituted pri vioiia to the
paasnge of the recent Stay Law, and that
the Judge took them up and puaaed upou
them under the Convention ordinance, pay
ing no attention to the act of the legisla
ture. Mrs. Jefferson Davis passed through
(lolilalmro-, on Saturday, on the Wilming
ton train going North. During the brief
stoppage of the cars, Mr. Ilulton, on Im--hnlf
of the citizens, presented Mr. Davis a
handsome pecuniary donation.
tIic Charlotte J'imri't stales that
Col. William Johnston, l'reidi-nt of the
ChaiTotle and Columbia Bond, i in receipt
of a telegram announcing that the Seaboard
Itoad ia crowded with freights to uch an
extent thut a higher rate haa lieen placed
upon corn. The Timea adds:
"A we require an immense iiiantily of
the article tor home coiiaiimptioii, it will
In- -sen that it will now have to Im- brought
from our own jwirt of Ncwherii or W il
mington, or by way of Charleston. Thisia
the natural route it ought to have taken all
this time, and as there ure a number of
good house in these citie engaged in tlie
liusines. suitable arrangement can be
iiiadc to keep up the supply, truant itie-. of
merchandise are coming .South, despite the
gloom that orrrithnrtnw tut Our advice H
to accept the situation, and make the most
of it. Kcatstiiiu-e is um-Icmm, mid divisions
and bickerings willlc ruiiioiis. b l un u
nine together III harliionv and conciliation.
and the Ship of state w ill yet weather the
- The Aslnille Fnmur very truly ob
serve that no portion of the I nited States
can claim greater advantages for raising
stock than Western North Carolina. W'e
are pleased to learn, from the same source.
that many intelligent gintlemeii in thut
section are turning their attention to tin
profitable brunch of industry, (oil. B. II.
Vance and W. W. Smith, hs., have ju-t
rccciycil uli importation of purel heater and
Ksscx pig.
The Wadcslniro Aryan says that un-
ler tlie genial influence- td' tta wenlber, in
that set lion, vegetation bus taken a rapid
start, and. for more than two week past,
jH-ach, plum and apricot trees haye la-cn in
Day id Kendall, of Stanly Co.,
has recently old hi place, four miles alaive
Albemarle, on the Salisbury road, to two
genllenien riom the North, who ure milking
arrangement to work it fur the gold tliey
have reason to believe ia in it. The indica-
tionarc rery rich. One of the purchasers,
ho hud Koirrc experience ill California,
siiythat they are as rich a the richest
placer in that State.
The tow n of Ashville and ita vicinity
have recently been visited by the most ex
tensive religious awakening known there
for ycar. 'About HWenff permm have tieeii
added to the Methoilist, and a numlier to
the I'reslivlerittll, Church.
A cum-apondent of the Xewlarrn Jour-
ti'tl lit' I'liutmerce aaya that tile people of Car
teret are more iiLLTc-ird in agrMullund
pursuits thun ever before. He venture the
opinion that that county ha improved more
in the past two year thnn any other in the
The Wilson 4inilthuiit give the fol
lowing good advice to uicrcliunt going
North :
"We think ll.ut prudence dictate that
those who go North to buy ahull not make
large invcatiuenU in goods. Money ia ex
ceedingly s unt ; our political relation arc
decidedly unfavorable, and will remain o
for months, if not year to come ( there are
inativ premonition of financial tringency,
mid we think thut they will exhibit busi
ness sagacity by confining their purchase
to such urticle as are in- constant demand."
A disturbance occurred in Uoldalmro,
on Friday afternoon, juxt la-fore the depar
ture of one of (he train, between some citi
zen and several negnw-a, recently U. S. sol
diers. The Xeir gives no particular.
SrpREME Coi ht Decisions. Some de
cision of public interest, in addition to
those already published, a made by the
Supreme Court, are, aa we understand :
1. The act suspending the statute Sif lim
itation ditl liiit prevent (lldgimiil from
Ih-i inning dormant.
2. The "year aid a day ""spoken of, in ref
erence to execution, run from the time of
...; mil the last execution, and not from
tint urtt. ,
:l. Persons w ho gave note for tlie hire of
slave, for' ISIl.'i, arc liable for the whole
rear, notwithstanding their emancipation.
4. The ordinance declaring a presumption
as to the money in which contract made
during the w ar are H'lnihlr, does not con
flictw itli the Constitution ol" the United
V line who took payment ill Confederate
money during the war i lmind thereby.
0. A Trustee who, w ithout any occasion,
in February, IStt:l, rcceivet Conn-derate
money, at pilr, for an old debt, then and
Will gcxwl, rcwlertid '4vitwlf peirmlry''Tr
sponaille. " " 7. TJie ' nprrottnn of flie act re-quiring rp-rfN-ntativea
to la partic within two term,
ike, in suspended by tlie act ucnding the
"effect of the lae of time. -fj
8. Tlieta jIwjf WAV, allowing de
feddant twelve month to plead, did not
dispense with an apptttratot at, the return
term. ! m .
For the Sentinel.
Influence of Reading Hoyeli on Char
acter. Mkssiih. Editohs : Nothing i' mole re-,
markable in the literature of the present
day than the great tbirat manileated for
light and fictitious works. I this one of
the rH'ecU of war or of peace on the miuda
and liMsiliona of our people ( One wouhl
have thought that tile de-ep puveilv in
wliith the war left ua to say nothing of
the sad memories of the past w ould have
constrained all ClaMea, whutever might
have been their previous literary tastes and
habits, to forget everything else lor a time,
and devote the luaelvea, with all their eiier
giea. lo retrieve their ruined fortune. So
far. however, ia this from being the caae,
that we see peron uf both sexes plunging
itli more eagernosa than ever into vanoua
kinds of light auiiiaeiucnta, and above all
manifesting a keener relish r works of He
tioii thiin they ever did la-fore. If, in their
poverty, they i;an nejther buy nor bormw
those that come pouring fresh from the
preaa, they will rummage the book cases
and closet to tiud old noyels- if the ex
pression may be allow ed - rather than not
gorge their appetites with this light and un
wholesome haul. The more sulistantiul
nourishment that may lie had in abundance,
ia abuiial toially m-glecteil for the novel of
Dickens, Trull. ipe, Mrs Soiithwortji, Mis
Braddon, &aj. So fir has tin rage ..r nov
el readiiig spread, lhat it would nol lie dif
hcult to tind many a hard working family
gathi'tf it around the eveiiing taper, leaving
the real i lie ol the ordinary business ol lite, to
range the wide field ol imagination. Nor
is it ( online. I In i hear. Tin- production of
Thackeray, Walld hollud Uulwtr Ljltou
have lolllol their Way to the slH-lves ol the
metnpbyaiciaii a btirary, and ousted the
venerable priHluclioua ol Locke, Iteid,
Stewart nnd Brown not In name 1 1 Mini I
tun and other.
ll'iSi-Vl-r propel the la-easiouilt perusal of
such works may lw to Uie el olu reailer
last iiiriitioiieil, and to the professed scholar,
we will not take upon oiirrelvea" to iliciile.
But we unhesitaiiiigly pronounce them cal
culated to injure and bewilder the untrained
minds of youth. In the first place, we I?
lieve thut constant novel reading ha a ten
dency to give melancholy cat to tlie IceU
ing of the young, and render their whole
deportment gloomy and uuiable. A per
on after rending a well-written novel ha a
momentary teverie that pioducessensatioci
exquisitely pleasant. But what is the
reason, after the spell is broken, and the
ideal scene vani-he.i, that the mind returns
with an increased distaste to the common
avocations ami tlie ordinary business ol
life ; What is the reason that, after such atl
exquisite reverie, every thing around it as
sume a sickly and disgusting hue ?- and
the individual firl vexed and disapwinteil
that In- ha l u called from a scene ao rap
turous, to tlte dull monotonies of real life (
Why then, docs the ear loathe the coin
nun chut of the day, and the heart sicken
at the prospect of any earthly pmsuit i It
is the objects of the fictitious world
into which he has been introduced, are so
fur exaggerated leyond reality, that when
be looks upon things as they exist, they
cease to interest him. These scenes may de
light him for the moment, but like the situ
ation of the wretch, after the transitory ex
citement til intoxication has sulwided, he
will soou 1 overwhelmed by au almost in
tolerable ennui. The excitement istoo great
to be lasting ; every tide must have its
ebb ; - and w hen the mind ha once accus
tomed itse lf to indulge in such high wrought
aeetie-"- w hen by aii t.imt or wcwrinea it
falls from it elevated station, it tind every
object around it " stale, flat, ami unprofita
The novelist always ilescrila-s hi hero, ami
the scene into whieli lie is introduced, in
culors tiM bright ever to lie realized in life.
Afld on tlii account, some young men, who
have ent their early life at literary insti
tutions, and devoted their time to works of
this character, when they enter upon real
life, are ao completely disappointed, and
their fond hopes so utterly blasted, that
every exertion in after life is chilled, and
they themselves rendered useless. When
they find, instead nf that heavenly and high
niinded creature as described in novels
that the great majority of men are base and
selfish, they I ai'onie disgusted w ith the whole
race, and are unable to brook the trifling
defects and foibles in theii friends, and un
derrate their praiseworthy act inns, merely
because they are deprived of that disinter
ested and romantic character drawn by the
pencil of the novelist. And this i the rea
son why as my lord BaV'on wisely observe
novels diminish the prof sensibilities ol
our nature, and render us callous to the ap
peals of real distress. He that has la-en in
the habit of rescuing a la-ant iful heroine
from situations of danger, when the art
itself was nf a romantic characti r influ
enced by gratitude and Irequentlv by love
w ill find his disinterestedness put to the test,
when be meets in life the really destitute,
surrounded by all those loathsome circum
stances which attend abject poverty.
Tlie bad consequences af novi I leading
may be more easily exemplified by referring
our readers to tha i-ontiast la-tweed the de
port men t of the really enlightened nun),
who pursues an even an. I calm course nl
life, and hn Iran sought interest a id novel
ty in the soenea ol nature, with. 'lit .hawing
Irom the artificial stores ol fancy : Is I wee"
him, I say, and the constant "pro-er of
bible". The ilcuicanor ..I the latter is a',
atracted ami unwa'iabie - of the former
agreeable and, sprightly. The one, whin
surrounded bv Irirnil. instead ol enliven
ing llo social irclc, f dVeainlllg "of sfilne j
wild roioai'i., and lamenting the In
hero: while the oilier, alway 'cidoyinir
fund of animal spirits, make everything
assume il cheriltil aspect around him. The
one, when surrounded by the richest natural
scenery when nature is displsyed in a l
her loveliness Iwlore him, i blind to her
la sutie ami callous to her charm. But' the
other, when he waik forth to view the wor
of (Joel, the minded Ideas of their beauty. nh
liniitvand usefulness, crowd upon his mind
and while hisaimleor afiprolsiticiii artfinWt'
edges their loveliness,, Jie is constrained, by
their grandeur amk! use fulness to rai- s
silent aspiration of gratitude to the ailthoi
of wllgood for his wuuderful works. IK
that driuA 61 the unsatisfying fountain nt
fiction "will thirst again," ..but therftjs a
happlnwu'rtrawtr from the scene nf rtatirre-.-wbicb
brings with its sweetness no satiety.
D. L. -
ftAwarnnr Jsnklna nf Oaarwia.
, T-p m .
AcotrwTA, March v! Governor . Jenkins
left thia wranmg lor-Washingtoa to ad visa
with and cobsuU the President and Congress
in ntemtcw to the status of Qeorgia tinder
the recent enactment .
Wiltoa'i Supplemental Reconstruction
Mr. Wilson, on Thursday last, introduced
a bill supplementary to an act entitled "an
act to provide fcr the more efficient govern
meat of the rebel Bates', and to facilitaie
restoration"; which was referred to the
Judiciary Committee.
Section ono directs the commanding
officer of each district to cause a registra tion
to lie made before September 1, 1S07,
in each county ar parish in his district, of
the mule citizens over twenty one years ot
age resident therein, to include only those
qualified to vote by tbe act to which this is
a supplement, and who shall take and ub -
writ the follow ing oath: "1, do
solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am sincere
ly andc-ariie-liy attached to the Union ami
Uovcrnment of the United Stales; that I
will steailbu-Hy support the Constitution
and that 1 will, to the best of my ability,
engage all others to such support aud ohe
dience; - Itelp iih-clod."
Hevtioa two directs the commanding gen
eral, aa soon aa the registration is comple
ted, to cause an election for delegates to a
Convention to la- held on a day not less than
thirty days from date ol proclamation ol
election, for tjie purpose ol amending the
exisMng or Iciitnii'LT a new (institution, of
tiimly e-tallishiiig loyal ciy il government,
and pa-sing lieedlnl or.liiianr s lo put the
same into operation.
Srrll oi three directs that the said conven
tions shall Is- alleij, on ihr basis of repre
ariitulio . on which (lo- mmiU-r of member
of Congress i apportioned.
Section l.uir
by the eomiuaiiiling general ol orlicers or
m ruoiis lo make tbe registration, preside ut
the erect (on, rmrirr; sort, and fouTrt tire
votes, and make return thereof, and of the
pesxous i h-cted, and he shall then make
priiclauiution of the peraons elected, and no
tify within sixty days when aud where they
shall assemble to organize the Convention ;
and when the said convention shall have
amended the existing or framed a new Con
stitution in accordance with the act to whicji
this is a supplement, it shall lie submitted
to the people ut au election to be held after
the expiration of thirty days from notice
tllereol given by the convenlioii.
Section five provides that if the said Con
stitution is rati lied by a majority of the
votes cast, the President of the Convention
shall transmit the same to the President of
tbe United States, who shall transmit it to
Congress, if in session, ami it not in scrsion,
then upon its next assembling; aud if it be
(hciared by Congress to lie ill conformity
with the provisions of the act recently
passed by Congress known a the military
bill, tbe State, ahull be declared entitled to
representation, and Senators and represen
tatives shall lie admitted as provided in said
Section six provides that the duties and
powers delegated and conferred upou the
commanding (iencral may, with hit consent,
be transferred to the acting Governor of the
Htate upon his taking an oath laithfully to
perform ami execute the same.
In the Senate, on the (sine day, the lot
lowing occurred :
"Mr. Sumner introduced joint resolutions
declaring certain lurther guarantees required
in the reconstruction of the Southern State.
In addition to universal suffrage the resolu
tions require that the existiug government
must be vacated and take no part in the re
construction that provisional governments
must supersede tbe present illegal govern
ments ; that none but loyal persons shall
take part in the formation ot new State gov
erwmenU ; tltat public schools mutt Im es
tablished, open to all, and that homesteads
must be secured to lreediuen. The consid
eration of the resolutions being objected to
by Mr. Johnson, they went over."
A Good Hit. Some of the radical mem
bers of Congress, having the other day
made certain Buncomlie remarks concern ing
tbe new British Empire in America,
Mr. Eldridg remarked that it seemed rather
inopportune for tbe country to be protesting
against the establishment of an empire,
w lien Congress had just placed under mili tary
rule ten oTour own State. It seemed
to him that our remonstrance w ould have
much more force and effect if we were to
wait until we had the Kepublic restored, and
until these. State were relieved from the
despotic rule under which the late Congress
had placed thern
Judgi Lokosthkt. This gem h man, the
distinguished huin.irist and author of
" Georgia Scone," is now living in Oxford,
but is no longer connected with the Uni
versity, over which he formerly presided
Time has dealt gently with him. silvering
hi hair and somew hat enleebling'his ti .iiue,
it is true, but nevertheless leaving him, in
his seventy neveuth year, in the enjoyment
of all natural faculties. He ha prepared a
revised edition of the " Georgia Scenes " for
the press, containing much new and inter
'Sting matter.
Foreign Visitors to Jeff. D ivis.
Fohtkess Mdnriik, March 9. Three o
the most prominent merchants of New Vork
city, Swiss importers, on a general tour of
observation to the Southern States, arrived
here yesterday and spent the alb-ruooii in
an interview with--Mr. 4via. They were
pleasantly received ajul entertain. .1 to Mr
Davis and Mrs. Davis. The conversation
w hich ensued on various commercial suli
(ci ts wa prolonged several Lour. The
oiind him in good health.
Awjoi rsmknt k' Cokiikk. - A lending
Senntor reHMi-rk-esl thi ttmmiut; that their
session wouhl continue until tlv nan
w hether the step taken to carry inlo eve
cution the reconstruction bill were sati
factory, and whether the officers reeomiiieud
ed by General Grant to lie placed in charge
of the live military district provided in
the law were appointed bv the President. -II.
Tiik Nicholson Pavkvkm-- bid for
laying the Nicholson puveuu'iit in eleven ol
yhe streets of Memphis were op. nr. I on ihe
"7tli ult. Tlie bid ranged from three did
lar and seventy tour cent to six dollars
ja r square yard. U -u, Forrest was a bid
der for the work on each of Ihe striwl.
' k ' RKAtta.lttfflttW3i -KittWrir
paper says, is it asking too much of the
Hadicwt paper Mtit ittrr ''WitVtWr(-haf"
the Southern Military bill haslaa ome a law,
to cease their incessant falsehood ami mis
representation in regard to the South.
Tiik Clurlsvilla tTe1 Slamltml say
that for two nxmlij p immigranta have
Jjsjengoiiuiihrougli yit stmu of that town
la crowds. Tbe line of' march ia hardly
hrokea except at night. J Brports from other
Teita towns areot the tame tenor.
( ..i re-1111.1. lie. of Hie Ki. Iiiiisii.I Ii.uU'h.
The Southern State Conveiitiom-Con-g
res must Eecognizothem-No Cbaace
for Packed Conventiotis-Tlte Exee
tiou of the Reconstruction Law--No
EadicaJ Offioc-Seekers to be in Cora
niand -Impeachment Looking Less For
midable, Etc. ton. .March II, 1NII7.
Fl he llunuicuta iino nl hei s nl lhat party
who ure legislating in the South may not
Ihim' to uccoinplish their purpose. They
(till tind lhat I here is pow r enough in (' ingle-,
notw ithstanding the ioleuce of ecr
tain Badical memlavr, to carry out the re
cent reconstruction law ai-coniiiig 'to the
vrigimtl proositinn of tahMrmaa,
A packeel negro convention in Virginia, or
in aoy other State south f the Potomac,
cannot frame measure -lor the degradation
of these Slates, in accordance with the views
of adventurers who have temporarily squat
ted among a eople whom they niiii to de
stroy, and have their plans adopted in pre
ference to those ol the citizen of the S'ate
Let Virginia go ahead in tin- good wort, . I
organizing under the provision "I tie- Sii. i
man bill trhtsA 'm milil in :iii ii i...,, .r,t4 ttvuld be njt ttnln 'ii.l .-...! t.,.i
Her sous and dauul.l. 1 an ! " liieji ,,,
vanced in the il,- .1 . 1 - 1 1 - - t i i.. h.r
honor and well in- i vei to l.e ami.-, d ol list
ening to terms of degi ...i i: i.ui. I'll.- only
hiipi-of the South now w l.i mi earl;, n-pre
seutuiioii. ,:uud yyLu ii do i e.'tuphe.i
with the statute now jue-ijite.l, ilM M,t
have it. Prominent eiia1ui and Ib-prc
sentatives in Congress a.-i ti tin-, c uilrarv
to thttvU dcaiguaoi' tjuiuiiii..,uiilvj, and .
others. Those who would i, , i 1 a cll-lilll
tion adopted by n e..iu.i.ii..ii .all,. I . the
present Legislature nr.' few in i.uinb.. It
cannot In- claimed that that i the creation
ol President Johnson ; and it action must
Ik; recognized. There is cerainly light be
yond the present gloom. The cud of per
aecution i nigh al hand ; and only let the
SoUl'h lie true to her people ami lo her
sell, a she ever ha been, and theie need be
no fear aboul daybreak. I he (ii-mral in
Chief and the President of the United
States will soou have, upon consultation,
completed the lit of ollii-er who an to
hold command in themilituiy district, and
both of those will act well towurds the
South in the execution ol a law which il is
beyond their control to prevent. There w ill
le no applicants for political favor ui Ihe
North among the list
It is evident that there is not so Ii. ri e a
disposition now manifested in favor of im peaching
the President as there has lai n. -Tlio
very intemperate speech of U. presenla
live Ashler, and the Sensible position of
Messrs. Bingham uml Spalding, his col -leagues
ill the House, together w ith the cer
tain I act that several other member are in
dined not to allow themselves to be made
tool ol in opposition to their better ju.lg
meiit, is working a reversion on the side of
the President. Fur all that, however, the
impeachment men are working energetical
ly to accomplish their scheme. In the
Senate the subject 1 not broached. It may
be on account of the constitutional provision
that the President would have tola fried
lfore that body M-iii?.' the IbUi- present
nn indictment against him ; but it docs not
appear that the mnjoriiyof ihe Ni.ator
are disposed lo endorse' ail lhat Mr. Ashley
or Builcr may say against the Chid Magi
tritte. Simc of the un-mbcr of boih House
among the dominant party propose to wait
and seethe result of their legislation towards
reconstructing the Souilieru States aud the
par: the President takes In the execution at
the law before proceeding to extremities ;
and altogether there are many indications
that impeachment I not held o favorably
aa it has been. Prominent Radicals, high
in position, aiwert that that ia the uuuu
principle which now holds the party in us
strength, and t hat m matter how the ques
tion may lie diosed of, its finality will be
tbe mean nf weakening their party to a
very great extent.
The President ia now nominating several
very prominent I. sal Radicals for official
position, and lis effect tends to lessen much
nl the antagonism expressed towards him.
A correspondent of the Efttmiiier, writing
from Washington, under t he same date, says,
among other thing :
"A ppqwis of Senatorial actions, I cannot
forla ar a word of commendation of Sena
tor Wilson bill providing tor the inaugu
ration of the proMicd movement toward
I ' eui ion hi the South by District Com
manders. Il I ingress is honest in the as
su.e of the Force Bill, Mr. Wilson's measure
niut pas, otherwise, we will certainly
hute two, and may have three Convention
iii Virginia There will I strite and hit
tdrnc atnnnjt nor own people to a degree
hitherto iinkn n among us, and Congress
will have twenty or thirty ( oust it ut ions pn j
seniet irom ine .-soiiiueru ,-iaics, nw consui
eiitiou ot1 wlncl, la-aidts the obstruction of
public business, will renew, in that forum,
ihe crimination ami debate which havetlis
traeted Federal council tor the past two
If the alwolu'e 'destruction ol the State
is rc-olvc.l on ; it Mr. Lincoln, an I the Be
publican par. , and Congress, ull crjurcd
thi'iiiselvea, and drieiyed the world, in de
claring the contest to la- lor the preservation
of the Union and the restoration ol the
Ststi with all their right unimpaired; it
Ihe implied parole which (i rant gave to
I, re -which ya. that he demanded the sur
render on the I'ii-i of these dectuxalions of
lli President and'Cougress ; if Seward did,
irivhi'd. make tale represeirtatiima to every
foreign minister whom he ayldreed on the
sul'j ct of. Ihe rrlx'lli.iii ; if all that the i
u.iild ha sipied to be true about i Ik
Aiuerican war for the past ix yeai was, in
deed, a cruel htlsehood, and Congress is .1.'
termined, on the destruction of tin- Mai.. ;
then theForce Bill, without supplementary :
tegislatiitrt, will leave the matter much worse '
than it tnnnd it, for it ''legislate attife in
fVery comtiurtdty. Mr. Wilson's bill pn 1
vides for ) call bv the Military Commander, '
whieli Twill relieve onr IgfsiiHnte-, sr veil '
as Minor'Jlotts, Hunnicutt, Samtto A Co.,
of any trouble in the premie's. It also pro
vides for a tegtstfjition a ifangcrous units
sjou .eU' the ForveBiU. JiKloiitl., the lrci- j
menf which this "measure of Mr. Wilson
shall receive st the hjiuda of Congress wjlj .
detemiirie the" itfoat lliiportiint qttestfoil now
sgitatinr the S.iuthrrn mind, to-wtt ; wheth
er or not tlie Bherinari'hill waa intended for
p 'ace, or for Ihe perpetuation ot airite. It
the Congress w as hoiiest, it will pass this
bilk, oa something like it. It no auch me a
ure iailopled, it makes very little difference
what wo do, as the GovijLuslierit (which is
Congress) must be understood as disposed
to keep the tore running."
The Peace of Radical EeconitntctlotC
The New York That drsws t he tolfowing
tnithlul sketch ot the peace brought by
sii. li rccou-trui lion aa it yet aide to thruat r-,
upon the South : , iVT.' '' "i"
"Tkankmuck.-It any ex CufcdTit.8leve,
is t . i sui.jivted to military taw it certainly
ought to be T. iinossee which,' howerer, M
the only ex Confederate State ekemptwoV
from military law. " TiTsiTi" :
At the sumu time Tennessee is te be praa
ently placed under a sort ol military power
not military power as wielded by the Na
tional Government and administered by the
..Hirer ol ihe aimy, but as wielded by Far .
son Brownlow and administered by hie ap
pointees. Brow iilow, as Governor ot Tea-
uesscc, haa culled out a force of 20,000 IBM,
to lw in the service of the State for three
ycarvand to operate against it enemiee ia
the Ajjx.iu couutiiw. -
The present civil admiuistratkm of Trflf
ncHce is certainly a failure. So far ae tbe
dirties ol a State government consist ta pre
serving iirdur. enturcing justice and .atftr.
taiuiug luw, there is no State la the Sooth
whose government makes such a show aa -that
o I' Ten nessee. Gei iriria. Texas anil Ar-
k'uis-a are ipiiel and orderly, and life and
properl y ire secure, in comparison with Teo-
I '. We hear through tbe local papers
I ot contusion, disturbance and collision la
numerous localities, and it js evident that
j the condition of affair throughout tbe Mate.
' is such a lo offer abundant opportsmitiae
j Im work on the purt of the Brownlow sMrasy,
I w hich ha now been called nnder areas.
The disfranchisement of ail Tf nniianiaane
j who were rebels; the conferring of exoep
i tional fram-hiea UHin the blacks; the al
ministration ol oaths right and left, to all
I men, under all circuinstancea, sad at alt
lim---d t hew thmjrhae failed t
I those end for which State government are
' instituted and sdmiuistraUre omcer are-
appointed. The bayonet is now, therefore
t he lutesaary resort. Il was a mistake, how- ,
ever, her Bmwnlow to hare called out hie J
arvii.v lor three years he should hare Called .
il out for thirty years' service;"
' in a . , , !
Dr. Livingstone's Death.-" ,r, . :
Hardly any death could hare beea aa
noumoil from abroad which would cattao
more regret than that nl the enterpriaina;
African explorer, wha is reported by tbs
cable to have la-en killed br the Caffrea. .
' He was lairn in Glasgow, SoottaaLta lil,
j ami, like Hugh Miller, gained Ida rwdi
ment nl knowledge while working for hia
bread. Fur nine years preceding 1834 b
! was a cotton spinner. luring Won a BMd
! ii al and theological education, he sailed Cor
Cupe Town in 1640, and spent soma yeara
with the IWi huanas. In iS49 he reached
Lake- Ngamj, via the Bukalihar! deuert,'
mi lan n an attempt W revisit it la The next year he visited the aalhoi
si. Iii XH!,'i he started on bis great aorth
ern tour, visitexl the Makololos, and reached
Luanda in 1 834. The next year he followed
the Zambesi to Quilimane, "oa the madias)
Ocean, aud completed a joemey of mmn
than nine thousand miles never before trav. -elled
by white man. He reached England
in I85 and published an weeootrt T)f hie
travel. In 1H5H he returned to tbe Eamba
si, and explored it in the bona ei vlantinsr
cotton culture along Ua banks, destroying
slavery; tnt making a market fof - British
inanuiacturcs. ins record or adretitare la
this'cxpedition has quite recently beea pab
lislied ThealempV in which beta said ts
have hwt his life was undertakea with a
view to explore a route from Bouth Africa
uori hw aid bv t ho interior, and (Treat ex
port at inn were placed on what Im Vottld
do. With no mora knowledge tow wa
base, -it is rwauwable to Mppoai ihat eftec
having esc-aie.l every form of ferer, the at
tack of wihf-brasta and tba most ' lreno
tii'iiu wrpeuts, thsi-hoatilUy of elate tradore
along the coast and of the savages ot the
iutei ior, lie has fallen a victim to tbe malice
of a Irilie which has constant tommunica
tion with the coast, and which he had lst- .
ted U'fore. No one haa dona mora tort-tbe
geography of Africa, or jEut science and law
ligion then;, and he cannot lie readily re
placed. His accounts of his travels were
written with much force and perspicacity,
ami will continue valuable records when tbe
falls ot the Npauza are visited like taoae
of Niagara, and Ngumi is disturbed by
steamboat. I'hil. Horth America. ,
-,s K - x
' '" From ihe New York TuBsavte i
Swkak Thkm Aaaih. Senator Sumaaer
has favored the world with a tight Of the
awful oath ivhich he has concocted for ad
ministration to the raging rebels. It e
certsinly the most wonderful thing r which
ha been gotten up since the days of the :
first Kgyptinn dynasty. It not only compete
every rebel to sw ear to the indissolubility of -the
itcpuhliu; he must not only swear by tha
national debt ami for swear slavery he (tha
rrU-ll must not only swear to resist or rebel
against "all laws making diatinctioa . a. ,..
count of ract- nt' color1; f Ut tocap thectimai,
Mr. Milliner's oath prescribes that the rebels
-hall swear to"upMrt education and the
diffusion of knowledge in public schools
open to all." TlieVi.dea of ge tting a people
to swear that thev will do such things as
these, and tile idea that historical institu
tions are formed by oath .of this style, are
as ridiculous notion a ever 'entered the
brain of tiie most ignorant charletan. The
trouble seem lo he, that Mr. Summer tkea
I lie. Soutlw-rn p tvple s tw la wwtla s wellj aa
rclK'I. arid the MTortliern x-ople to he mad
men as well s knar. "( ,..
M K. Cm
Collferemv M
( ii. S i in The BaJtisaota
i. .im h South bewcaat a
i. . t i4v.ii, oi jty Itepreeen
. hiiom - the Church name 'to
NfUfc.j.-"-. y.
taliou an 1 i l
Kjitse-l NW-it-s;l4-(i T4m miwnritymt
on Lay D -lev ri mi w iviwly more
tlian on. i i ..I i lie whole vote on. Lay
lir.iivs. i.ia'iou, and more UuXB one-
1. ili i ill 'ii tin change of Church namr. This
n.piire I 9 vote, clear, to r.arry ihe first,
ami 1 " V vol i - lo r:n y i hu seOliil,attder the
reipiii(ii-:i b r u t In is'-iourtlts1 atajoritv. '
Tin- l;.iliiui'-i. I r nee y olednn each, 104
yens with - c ! iv . Ibis lurries Lay delega
tion !..' - in ;.''!',' in ih.( viwe nf tbe
w hob- I "cteh. I'lie change d' nama ia rjat....
I 3S. 1' s I . V.. .rd lijwt a confereaca ia
Illinois i . r.)iu tl., .n .ii i item Church), with
oti etioug!., i . o-yviil, to overconia thia,
ami tlius .tain lo'.h mciisiires, after both
liHt f-o mven-ttjitwfl- Itrst ii ffiatmaasl i ft'
H'uier. - . v ,:
FlilK kN'li Tiss' ! I.Uk. I.N WlfsHkuTvlS.
'-- Ab.iut s o'clock Friday night a fire broke
out id the bu l. ling known aa- the Ceatral
Hotel, corner of Sixth street and Penaavl
yaniu avenue, W a.-liinoloiv, which result.!
in u sho. king loss of life, as Well va in -the
entire destruction of the property which
w as ow ned by Hugh Geltoa,ot Baltimore,
and valued at 114,000, fully covered by in-

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