VUick 13, 177S. , THE Number ro.
tfOR TH-CslROL IN A GAZETTE.
With the lateft ADVICES, Foreign and Domestic.
SEMPER PfcO LIBERTATE. EC BONO PUBLICO.
The fpirit of General Gates' army cannot be too mch com
.mended, it was compofed chiefly of the farmers and farmer
ions, or me rour eaitern nates, t. very man among the n Felt aft
enthuiihc attachment to liberty, and the loweil centiuel fought
alike with his General for all that was dear to him. The id
habitants of New-England are trained up, from their infancy,
to civil, ecclefiaftica!, and doouftic fubordinarlon. The tran
firion from theft, therefore, to military fubordi nation, ii fhoft
and natural. I have feen -recruits, that had been enliited onhr
for three iveeks, hi die their arms, and. peiform all the evolu.
tions which are net-euary in the kind of war that- is carried on
in this country, with as much dexterity as the king's guards at
Vcrfaiiles. They are a hardy race of men, and wiren kept in
aclion, are not fubjedl to camp difeafes.. hey are in gener ;1
fober, and mora-', dronkennefs is unknown among them. And
fince the beginning of the war, there has been but one inftan-e
of a Ne a -England, man's deferting to the Brkifh army. Hs
was tried and condemned to die but was afterwards pardoned,
upon discovering proofs of his being a lunatic.
The public papers will give you a panic Jar account of two
battles, fought on the 19th of September ami the jih o Octo
ber, between the army under the command of General Gites,
and the royal army under the command of General 3 iro. nc.-
Every cirtumftance attended it that could filter the m ilitary
knowledge and conduct' of General Gates. .General F raker,
who added to the glory of the day by hjs fail, was e&eemed one
of the belt officers in the BiitMi army. Ifl this action General
Arnold gained is? mortal honoui his horfe received three
wounds with bayonets in forcing the Britifh lines j nyitwith
anding this, and the wound he received in his leg, which
nemy's breait woric.
But the glory of this victory was &fn;loft, in. an event that
has cafe a made upon ail the victories that have been gained by
both armies, fince the commencement of the War.r ' About a
week after this battle, General Burgoyne Surrendered himfelf
and the remains of h s whole army, with all their arms, camp
equipage, Sec. into the haads of General Gate. . Can any
thing be conceived of, more humiliating to the pride ai d powy
er of Great-Britain An army of ten thotifand men confiuV
ing of veterans who had (hated in all the glory of the late war
in Germany and America- commanded cy officers h had
ferved uadisr Wolfe and Iferdinandj and who had plucked lau
rels from the heights of Abraham and Minden, and headed by
a General, rich in royai favour, and; famous for having, by a
finglc manceuvre, turned the fate of the lail war between ojain
and Portugal, were defeated, furrounded, and a: Jail reduced
to. the neccuity of fubmitting to itn army con a Hi ng at no time of"
more than 12.000 men ; one ha'f oi whom were n.iiitia Tsnd
the reft recruits of onJy . five months lianding. The fe di falter
received a peculiar .poignancy fr.m the. gafec'nade with w;.icn
General $jrgoyne began his knar en irom Ticwndcrcga. I fent
you his p. clamation in a former packet. Hu letters to Gen.
Gate?, you will perceive, are written in the fame pompous ftyle.
But he had other ails of pref pnjtp: ion and foHy to xecoIie& upon
(his occfioh He had proraifed, when he took leave of the
Houfe of Ccmmons in the year 1775, to ' temper his punilh
' meats of the Americans, far rebclli; n, with humanity."
He had boalled to his friends, that he 44 would dance the hv
" dies, and coax the gentlemen into lubmiflion." He had de
clared, upon entering the port of Bolton, during the blockade
of that town, that he would have M elbow room," -and a if
he wa rcfoived to fhine hereafter, without a rival, in tne hiflo
ry of the reduction of America, h2 had with great diuiculty ob-
to Great Britain. Notwithllandin thefe things, he was receiv
ed and treated with great politenefs by General Gates, and the
ofjeersofhis army-rnot a fingle infu't was ofiVred to him r
his army, by the common foldiers. This behaviour is cha ac
tcriiUc of the natural magnanimity of thefe people. It gave me
Frtrn tbt N E ff.J ERSEY GAZETTE.
. r ft.
J French gentleman has latelj favoured me with m fight tfm collec
turn of n ' toric.il itxd political letters to bis frundi in France.
J bv obtained bit ctn:Jet to t reef ate and fublijb the follotving
fnm tbem. Tin autbor bar been near fwojears in Amerieat and
bat Uen introduced te the jffirjf cbara&eri on the cntineut. His
nal name mujl be a fee ret. The name by wbicb be has cbefen to
be knonun to the puhlic will he feen in the conch don rf the encrA.
ed letter. Frcmjcnri, H. P.
Fijb Kill, in the State if New-York, AVv. 20, 1777.
Mr DEAR Coint,
"W" N my laft letter 1 informed you that General Gates was
1 ordered by the Congrefs, to return to take the command
of the northward army. This appointment was the more
honourable, as twelve out of thirteen of the Hates concur
red in it. The clamours of the people, who gotern their
rtie.-s in this country, could not be refifted, r.r.d private preju
dices were made to yield to the general fafety aikl honour of
The joy of the northern army, upon General Giares's arrival
eiong ,hem, cannot be dekribjd. He had gained their confi-
jci4-c5 wbobj; uiem imm two preceding campaigns.
He was, like themfelves, a zealous republican ; and his only
tb ecis in taking part with them in the prefer t war, were li
berty and independence: He had endeared himfelf i& them fur
ther, by the. ftnetarfs of difjp!iue which he h. d introduced a
mung them the year before : For f ldiers are always belt fatis
ed with officers who keep them fteadly to fa-tr duty, provid
ed they partake with them of all the toils and dangers ox the
j The fuccefs of Grccral St..rk, in defeating a large body of
General Bargoyne's array, at Bennington, had prepared the
way for Genera Gates's fjtu.-e f iccefs, and provefl the feed of
H the laurels that he reaped during the campaign. You will
fee the particulars of this affair in the news-papers which ac
company this letter. r ,
The firfl objedl with General Gate was to out his armv in
order. This was done in a few weeks ; for he infufed at once
his own fpirit in:o every corps amoivg them. His .eeneral or
ders were fliort, but they were implicitly obeyed. He faw eve
ry thin,- with his own eyes, and heard every thing with his
cwn ears. He flcpt but little, and was feldom abfent from the
morning and evening parade of his troops. He underftcod eve
ry part of the du'y of.an rffirer and faldier as well as of a gene
nJ, for he had ferved the King of Grent Britain, during the
"grcateft part of the two lafl wars with France, under fome of
the ablell Generals that Great-Britat ever fent into the field.
His temper was naturally hafly, which .fometimcs led him to
make cie of pafilonate eaprcflions in .-.'proving his orii:e-s, bat
he was notwithftanding ecjualU beloved and feared by them.
I have been told, that he never had a iingle perfoaal enemy un
mm hi command.
Not only the genias and character of this illaftrioa? caficer,
but the abilities of feveral of his general officers, anrl the lpirit
of his troops, all concuritd to affc.d a fav6u":.Lie prefage of a
fuccefiful campaign. r 4
Lincoln and Arnold. were his two Major. Generals, . r.nd Glo
ver commanded a br.eade in his army. The f.rtl ferved with
reputation iail year at the heaJ u'body of Maracliuferts mili
tia; Genius and industry fuppiied, in fome nieafure, the want
of a military education j he wa cool, determined, and en ter
prizir.g. Arnold's character is already known in Europe. He
is faid to poflefs what we call, in ocr country, the 14 rage mili
taire." His countrymen accufc him of too much impetucfiry.
This may be the cafe in the cabinet ; but 1 do not think he is
too impetuous in the field. Glover ferved two campaigns un
der General Lee, and was a great favourite of that unfortunate
officer. He is brave, and has the char-cUr of an excellent dif-