T H fe
March 27, 1778.
With the lateft ADVICES, Foreign and Domest, :
SEMPER PRO LIBERTATE, ET BONO PUBLICO.
L U IS U U IN, Pi wembtr zq. him to his prefcnt fentiments : tha: he was an advocate for paci-
FTER the foeaker of the houfe of commons had re- lie meafures, yet that he was of opinion that the compliant of
tired, and the kick's fpnech road according to form, the Americans in the navigation act mould be the foundation for
me nouie 01 joras reioivea ltieir into a committee, reconciliation, lie concluded with propohtg an amendment to
when L"rd Percy made a motion lor an addrefs to the addrefs. as offered by Lord Percy; and that after an addreft
be prefented to his rinje.ly, to the following pur- of congratulation on the encreale of domeflic haniints. hv the
That ao addrefs of congratulation be presented to his acccfijon of a princefs, lhauld follow And of advice and fun.
msj.nyon the encreafe of domeftic happintfa by the ecceflion of plication, that an immediate ceiTation of holhlitics take place
a princefs, and of thanks lor the Heady and il.m rcfolution h; with your fabjecls in America, &c."
ftui, -.J of ufwg every meat.s to luppr rt the houour of the Englifa Lord Samdwicb next arofe, and, after the hipheft encomiums
nation cy tne u.mou excruoa to upp.-eis tne preieat unnatural on tne great zeal, abilities, and experience oi the preceding
reblli t. in America." His lord (hip introduced this addrels with fpcaker, obferred, that the jullice he owed his country required,
a fpe.ch that confined chirfl of the Kighesi eulogium c the of- that, though he admired the man, he lhouid endeavour to cor-
v,,"i"; y iwuwwi mi iuuc.cu vw.ucreai mcen lonsf Ha
obferred,' that the noble lord had affirmed, that we w re unpre
pared to refill foreign invalions, for this reafon .hat we had not
ling a dilrffrxctlul opinion of the gentlemen concerned in above h ve ihoufand men, and twenty Ihips of the line- He faid
Tuciiha'.ionfMt when he conhdered that, to err was a hu- he thought himfelf very happy that he haa it in his power to con-
imbecility muu oe cxcuiea n ntr nnputea to taem cne iraaict me molt infallible teltimony of the noble l.-id aiftrtion
aoaai crime ot naving ocaa mmasnn. omu tne com- ror cnat lie could allure the ho ule that there were, at this time
ncers employed bv his m ijrfty in the fervice agamll America, reel what he thought futillity cf reafoning : that Lord Chatham,
asd gave a very flattering accoool the na'tsre -faliirs there, to be fu re, poffeircd, in the higheft degree, the powers of elo-
H: faiv' , he was induced from their to circum.UiiCts to form tiuence, but that, in this i in fiance, he had fjbAituted words for
the mA infallible prefage of a fpecdy and happy cenciufion of arguments.. He faid the noble lord had obfrrved, that the houfe
the rebellion. He was feconded in his notion by Lord Cneiier- of Bofrboo was united aga""lt England ; bhc how was England
field, who obferved, that he Had littla experience in thefe kind to kuow that ? Was not the faith of a national iifTertron to hi re-
of matters, but that as far as h new, the atidxels offered by tne lied do ? They had publicity profelTed amity, how then wis it
ncbic lord, eociulted ootn tne Honour and auvntage oi tne iin- certainly to be known that they foitered d.ffirent inten ions' Ha
g!;th car: n, and that therefore he concurred in ic.
Ltrd Covemtry next arcfr, and fsid, tha: he was far from en-
meacement of the preieni diiputc he sid, he had very often rne- not kf. than two and lortv commiiTioned and uncomoiillioned
dilated with himfelf on the feature of our nemfunti ; that he had Ihips ; that thirty five of theie had their mJi fuppiy, and that the
ran through in his mind a progrcHion oi caufes aud cenf tjutnees, reft were in fuch a fituation, that the detect might in three days
and that tne final refult was, that wc were porfuing a very culpa- be entirely filled. He concluded with ooferving, that thefe ta
ble end by ftHl more ceipab'e inesns : ano tiiat, thereiorc he ven- fling prefages concerning our additional dangers, could only be
tured to predict that tfa riii cr :ftc kingdom nas at no great dif- fuggeited by minds not properly difpofed to the welfare of this
Lrd Chatham next got bp, and after a lew pTcernial obfervati- Lord Sbirly fucceded lord Sand'wich, and with fome polirenela
ons on the nature of the iniiimities tn-u exiled him involuntarily queltiuned his lordlhip's veracity. He faid, that an initance
from his country's fervice; he remarked, tnat an addrefs of was recorded on the Englifh annals, where the parliament had
thanks at this juncture, wai highf- improper. He laid, his ma. been limilarly deceived ; and that evn prince George of Dea-
t y Itv-od n need of advice, not cl flTttery : hat this was no ma.Sc had been detected in an open mifreprefentation, owing pro
time for tffering the enticing balm oi atfnlalioa, when the nation baoiy to the falfe information of his adkcints. That lord Sand.
Hu;d n the very brink oi deltruclion ; that the fpeech delivered wicb miht be liibjecl to the fame error, aud tat therefore the
by his majefty from the throne, coe;me-d no fcrap ol informati- authenticity of the account Lc had given was by. no means to
On, nor fc.-ap of comfort ; that ;here was all the tcAon in the be implicitly relied on.
world 10 otlieve, Irom the lorrjiidible preparation forming by the Loid Suffolk, the duke of Grafton, the marquis of Carmar
h,'iife of li urb.-n, and from the pajpaok unction they had given then, and hid Camden, fpjee on iht lubjeci, aad thehoufedid
to the emifTaries ol the Aunericani, that hoLiie delins agaii.ll us not break up till eleven o'clock.
were breeding in that quarter ; no tb$a$i the e nfolatio'n i fflred Upon a divilion of the lords, the a umbers flood as follows' ;
fr m the throne, was, that hism. j . :ty hoped Uttf would act hurt contents, 86, non contents, 28; majority, 58.
us. He chi med, il ihde ht.ftiic ochgus were carried into ex.cu- Nov.ti This day ia the houfe ol commons at two o'clock,
tion agamit us, mat we were by no means in a fituation to re hit the fpeaker took the chair, when a motion Was made for the ie
them ; tr : EngUnd at this urn., eouid nt boalt of above five cond reading of the royal addrefs of the heufe to his majelly, up
thoafami ment and twenty Ihips of tne line , tiiat th: pott of L.f on which a very long and fpirited debate errfud.
bon, which uied to a fiord us a comfortable afyiuoD in eate ci't Nueu reverted to the conlVqaences of the amendment in
snergency, was now Ihut ageinlt u , af-d that from all tfwie c.oai a very lull and comprcheniive manner. He obferved, that no
bined caufes ruin was inevitable. He called Upon any one to thing but fubmiflion ca the part of America could rcltore to fJri
and up and avow, in ih - lace ot tne n nie, thai nicaiisres of lam chc benefit ai.hng from that country, and no fubaiifSoa
t;.io ki..d were not fo'Iy , a'.j-? foil. He dcetantied for what could be gained bu: by force. For his part he believed the ob
purpefc our arms were now einphneJ ? Wis it to comma oicate jed o the war was principally to convince their cool judgments,
the kience of fighting i W.s it to Irarn morality from the Asae- by &he calaiftkiei attendant on carnage, of the blc&ag arifiag I
ru.t Or was it to gain isiftrvclu in the art of butchering from peace; to convince them, by tne tyranny and oppnr&vc
from the office s of Gcxma;i ? tic eKrvta, that tooogit, no meaj'uret of their Cong refs, of the more lenient fway and domt
doubc, men, actuated by the fjpirtt of tct. a, were certaiuiy to i.at-.-n i the mother power; and was himfelf coa vmced that aa
be I und in America, yet others, many ethrs there were, ut ssnikMSp perfeyerance in coercive racaiures woeid prove adeuaie
w.rc influenced by the purefl. patiotifm ; and that, for himielf, to the intention, and faifil the detire of admiBiliration.
if he was an American, he would never quit hu armi fo leg as Gtx. Ccmzloj, with great warmth, luieted the fatal de
foreigner were employed, not fo properly to reduce, as to tie- termiaati a of the minitter, &ud the horrid tteci a rifing ixtxti
y. He laid he was as much intended in the honour of the hit endeavours to conciliate the Lifcctiou of athuiiaal m t4e
Englilh nation, as any lord who had the honour to fit lu the caufe oi liberty, by pouring on their devoted heads the mtferica
Little; but that the principles oi j aJttcc and hainanuj iailiated ci war, and the horror cf biocdlhzd. Liz dcclaxcd 41 iu ar,