Avowr 28, 177S. THE 443-
With the lateft ADVICES, Foreign and Domestic.
f . . . I. '. - Si ' i ' : : Jv. ' - , ' : .-. - I ! ' . . J J i .
SEMPER PRO LIBERTATE, ET BONO PUBLICO.
Jfr. WILKES' Speech in the House Commons, on the
Rilli refbeelinr America.
(hire T tuning vj ttww -wv .-.j o
Continued from our laft
, - 14 H E honorable gentleman (Sir Grey Cooper) Sir,
A who made you the motion for the third reading of
r .L. a mKrlript o ill i't-f that we da
Itne diii, lays, iuc nwMi , -not
mean to tax them." They have no confidence
in any of cur profcffions or promifes. The aft of
nirliament of the feffion, or the Secretary's official letter, they hold
fn equal contempt. In ,765 there waa fo great a llagnatian of
cur commerce in conference of the ftamp aft, that in the follow
ing year that onjuft, as well as uncommercial aft, was repeal ,
and all the fources of trade between Great Britain and her colo
nies were again opened, that flowed in abundance Notwuh
nanding this, in the very next year, duties to be paid sn lAmer.
Z wrr impofed on tea, glafs, paper, and other artrclef, which
threw the whole empire again into cdnvulfions. America faw that
we ere not to be confided in during the ortaPer,.ain
Tear and that no tie, even of our ewn intereft, could bind us to
r'teAns of future fecurity for them. It is
the higheft indignation, to reflet from what a height of profperi
ry we are now fallen into an abyfs of mifery and rum. The -Potions
of America in 1 766 were more friendly and affectionate
The wife meafure. of the repeal of the (lamp aft diffufed univerfal
joy though the thirteen now revolted colonies At Philadelphia,
joy wuougn 1 . r 0VV102 generous
ii. Mv 1 700. tney unaniuiuuiii . -- . .
n"uL7," Tha.to demonftra'te our e.lto G1. Bm1.n, and
. . , . 1 ,k ftamn flft. each of US Will, On
cor pratitude tor nc rcpci w -r A
Arfthdae of June next, being .he birth day o our rnoft Krac
oos fov "L George the Third, drefs ourfelves m a new fuit of
Z l.Ss of England, and give what home
o .he poor." Wha. were .he unanimous refo Innon irflhte
trrefs not ten years af.er, in .he very fame town .'Our enem.es
E. publilhed' them ,o the world with mockery and mumph
With what perfidy has .he province of .he Jerfies
When .hat province re.urned to its "TZi
the free eseVcife of i.s trade and commerce, and "
teflioo and fedurity as if it had never revolted ? Or did that pro
"nee cominue onier ,he of the empire, M . lucrative job to
the friend, of the Minifter f Vet I- gLSSfSft
name. a. the opening of .be feffion ol Parliament ' 0.775,
f.l.mnly held out fuch promifes to the Amertcans. I , impcf
fihle the7 eolonitt, can have any confidence .n fch "ers;
th.ir Agents, or Cmtfentr, and unlef, Mm m -w
,ew. no permanent reconciliation can be eltetttd.
'peTfid mfy Udeed.b.y be Wlia'!d "fV" e can
tmty. and a delofive negotiation j but no liable, folld peace can
te obtained by .he u-h; r. of their gr.evances. ,
The r cf frrM Sir. is rnU aimfiJ by M nitters who
pretend ,0 2ff-X a p.cific difpofiri.n, . the ..on.es and .
defire to re.nrn .0 their dependence on the parent (late, j
B-Va fymptom of fuch . 5SS "0.
grefs. or nny one colony, made the U.RJ "f he
tion, fince their decraration onwiyn ."";:, h0 are
xcans exprefled the u.mcft abhorrence of the mtniaers, 4VI.0 ate
to nominate the Cmi in Head of a difpofition to trem
with them? And will .hey entertain a more favourable ideaot
their creature, ? 1 muft declare that I fee nothing m the nMM
hrgociation but difgrace and humiliation on our paft, after oof
repeated injuries, and a lucrative job for five bold hungry, de
pendent, of the Minifter. Would to God, Sir, I may be mif
taken, and the Commijtoners may return to Europe with
wealth and blocdlefs laurels. Their grateful country will honor
them to its lateft pofteritv their fame will be 1MO1W. .
An honorable gentleman, (Mr. Burke) one of the greateft or
naments of this Houfe, fays, that he fObterve gW teUn
amorg us towards the Americans I heartily wifli tt UeM
difcoverit. Among three lets of gentlemen, which hive bwft
mentioned this day, I fear the Americans have very Jew friends.
All the dependents of Adminiftraticn, the large majority in this
Houfe whoFhave voted all the cruel and oopreffive
fufpended, Have Certainly no gfeat bene-vohnce towards Arner,
cans. Thofe who are accultomed to pace in the trammels of a
defpotick Minifter, and to be obedient to his fovereign nod- na
turally abhor the enthufiaft for liberty, the uncontrolled fpmt oT
1 cL.cc.a T fiifned likewife that there is not much
inc ions ui iicuwut r i. . .v
good will towards our Alow fubjefts in the colonies, among the
inhabitants in northern parts of oor own illand. It wwtlf
curious fpeculation to inveftigate the eanle :oi we ma V
the Scots in general to the Americans. Is.it, Sir, that although
fome fail! parts of America are almofl over-run with tones, as
others are with deftrudive animals, yet there fcarcely ever WU
found a fingle jacobi'te in all our colonies ? Are the Scots in dif
pair becaufe they have not been able to find any thing In North
& congenia" with them, they cannot
whh treafon f Is it that believing the prefent refiftance in the co
onies to partake of the' nature of a true rebellion, they ?rejea
ou of7uch an ufurpation of the Americans on their peculiar pre
rogative ? Scotland feems, indeed, the natu raider of refill on,
as Evpt is of the plague ; but, Sir, no monopolies in this com
mefefafcountry J permitted Manchefter
oppofe fuch a monopoly, and juftly claim no fmall fhare in it
from their vigorous efforts in favour of the pretender in 1 745
wilT Sir, bf a new and curious fpeaacie in 1778, "J
Norih pouring forth her hardy fons to quell an Ameriean, : not w
SSfS hellion, J
and afterwards in a tainted part 01 cngianu, 7 rZJrl
otred iits progref. to the South. The
lat(.v mentioned, are the country gentlemen. I refpect tne en
ffi.TSW5f of them arehoftile to America and Ame
ncan rights. They are for the moft part very fteady, not hard
ened and perplexed" with many ideas, and perhaps with few ofa
fflMMri A fingle principle of late appears to vern them.
Thev hoped to throw off from their moulders on the poor Ame
1 ney nopcu mmmrmtn9 hardens, under which
ricans a COnUaeraoic panui lusvuv. 7 ' j ,Vm
hey groan of the debts of their late adopted German and the
f.fr American, war. The noble Lord with the blue ribband.
I d of a folid and fubft.ntial revenue from Ame,,.
ca On this plan of private ceconomy to them, the minifter bar
ea'ined for thePir fuppirt. Their dif.ppoin.ment. and the fenfe
0f M, jockev0.ip, ti undoubtedly much ch.gru.ed them.-buc