North Carolina Newspapers

    gjULja.. nam.
THE ERA.
THE ERA.
V Kli PUBLICAN WEEKLY NEWS
PAl'Efl THE CEXTKAL OllUAN
i IF THE PARTY.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
AT TWO DOLLARS A-YEAR, IN
ADVANCE. : " - - -
V. M. HltOAVN, Manager.
jzrfr Jon Wokk executed at short no
tion and in a style unsurpassed by any
similar establishment in the State. ; '
RATE; OF 'ADVERTISING :
Ono square, one time, , - $ 100
" two times, . - - 1 50
Ut :kvt the North Carolina UUrtk- :
t.ir wnwr of Fayetteville hi1 Mor
frire.-t;s lirst lrKr s-uth of th State )
ll-Mlse.
IlATI-is OF SUBSCRIPTION
Oneye-ir, -
44 three times. 2 00
T"r - - - TOL. IV.
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1875.
N0.28-'9.
Contract advertisement? taken, at
proportionately low rates.
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1 .' ! ... ' I ' I " "
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THE 'ER A.
TIIl'K-SHAY. JANUARY 7. 175.
FOKTItY.
Discontent.
A man in. hi carriage was tiding along.
Hi Klydrsetl vife y hi side;
In
satin and lare sne looKeu ijkh
queen,
Ami he like a kin;; in Lis prido.
A woirtl-Miwyer stood on the street a
they passed,
Tho carriage and couple he eyed,
Ai:d J as ne 'rkl with hU saw on
u log.
I whti I was rich and could ride."
The man in the carriage remarked to his
wife,
" One thini? I would pive if I could
I would give all my wealth for the
htrength and health
Of tho man w ho is sawing the wood."
POLITICAL.
I low the Secretary of t lie Treas
ury ot the United States would
Solve the Problem.
rt.,. fm.r. th,.
tract from the
. ra.e- reu-
The following ex
ivi.ort of the United
r. r will show the plan he o;!Vrs for
tfv resumption of specie payments:
The Secretary n-oommcmls Con
Ttv to provide by law that after an
e.irlv :T.d fixed day United States
notes "hnll cciie to Im legal tenders
;n to contracts thereafter made. But
hU provision should not apply to
r.ffli i;il salaries or to other ordinary
expenditure." if toe government un-,I.-r
fheti cxistirg contracts or ap
propriations, lil t .vi til the day thus
t U fixed and the time of final re
sumption a sufficient period should
, :- toenahle the people and banks
i , prepare for the latter by such
gradual process '. business as will
neither lead to violent eontn'ction
in credit and vaiii's, nor suddenly
increase the obligations f debtors.
Te sudden nd immediate appre
ri.uioii of the papr dollar to its par
value in iiold i- not only no neces
sry elemt-nt of rdieniption, but, as
i.ir as practicable, ohoutd be avoid
ed. If, lnrirnr the period of the
w ar, the l gal Tvnder Acts opera
ted us a bankrupt law, compelling
ereUiior to jiive acquittanci-s upon
the rctvipt of les- than the full
amount of their debts, this is no rea
son why the law of redemption
should now ctjmiel debtors at once
to ay essentially more than they
have contracted to pay. The adop
tion of such measures as will not
suddenly increase the obligations of
debtors, will go far to allay and dis
arm w hatever popular opposition to
resumption of specie payment may
now exisM and, besich s, would be
but just to the debtor clas. The
day trotn which new contracts must
ie di-wharged in coin should be fix
ed sulhciently f.ir in advance to give
the people and the banks time to
understand it, and to prepare them
!el ves for it. It is believed that not
many mom lis will be necessary for
that ptirpese; but, to avoid the mis
chiefs already indicated, this day
should precede the day of final re
sumption by a longer period. The
time should not, in the opinion of
the Secretary, Ik? extended beyond
three years, and might safely be
made as much less as in the judg
ment of Congress would sufficiently
protect the interest of debtors and
avoid the evils of too sudden con
traction. The law should also authorize the
immediate conversion of legal
tender notes into bonds bearing a
low rate of interest, which, while
inviting conversion, should not be
sohih as to appreciate the legal
tender notes rapidly, and thereby
operate oppressively on the debtor
class. As an additional inducement
to the conversion of United States
notes into these bonds at a low rate
of interest, authority should be giv
en for making them security for the
circulation ot national banks. The
law should further provide the
means for the redemption of such
notes as may be presented for that
purpose when the period of resump
tion shall have been reached. To
this end the Secretary should be au
thorized to make a loan not exceed
ing the total amount of notes re
maining unconverted at the time of
resumption, less the surplus revenue
to ie made applicable to such re
sumption. It is probable that the
gradual and continued revival of
business will so far increase tho rev
enues that a large loan will not be
requtrea tor the purjiose; uul it is
advisable that the Secretary be au
thorized to make it in order to meet
the contingency of a failure of suffi
cient surplus revenues. Such a loan
should be made by issuing bonds
to run for such time as the wisdom
of Congress may suggest, and to be
disposed of from time to time as
the necessities of the caso may, re
quire. In the opinion of the Secre
tary, these bonds should run for a
long period, and should bear inter
est at a rate not exceeding the low
est rate which the government may
then be paying In refunding its G
percent, securities. Any substan
tial or useful raovemeut for resump
tion necessarily involves supplying
the Treasury with increased amount
of coin, either by increased reve
nues or an adequate loan. The pres
ent condition of the credit of the
government, which would be fur
ther enhanced by the adoption of
measures for return to a specie basis,
leaves no room for doubt that a loan
fur such purposa would be readily
hdcen at a low rate of interest,
pleasures should also be adopted re
quiring the banks to hold gold re
serves preparatory to resumption
on their part. . . -K
Lit t. , ; I' ,.ry docs not deem
it proper to pursue the matter into
farther detail. It" Congress shall
onelude, as he earnestly hopes it
win, that the time has arrived for
the enactment of a law having for
it object resumption of ppecie pay
ment, its own wisdom will supply
the necessary methods. That which
is of th.-ghest importance is the
: doption of.the definite policy of re-
sumptlon.
In his speech accepting the Re
publican nomination tor le-clection
to Congress in the Ninth district of
Massachusetts, Hon. Geo. I Hoar
said :
I do not deny that errors have
been made by the Republican par
ty, but it is only admitting that er
rors have been made by a majority
of the American people, and those
who declare that the Republican
party is corrupt only declare that a
majority of the American people
re corrupt. Some things have been
"hme which ought not to have been
done, some things which should
have been done have been left un
done. In my opinion ono of the
greatest errors was committed when
universal suffrage was given the
people that universal education was
ii t imposed with it. I do not con-
-e:itl that duition w a panacea for
u! evils,t or that knowledge is to
t t aU evil r,uri)0rie3 when re-
!i;ion itself fails. But I do suppose
that the great truth upon which
Massachusetts is founded as on a
reck should not be disregarded in
the reconstruction of the South. I
think it a mistake that Congress did
lot declare to the States that to be
tdmitttd there must bea complete
system of education, and that it
would have been wise economy if
on or two hundred million dollars
had been expended for the purpose
of educating the peopleof the South,
.it then referred to his Education
iiJl which passed the House, but
iaiied in the Senate, was introduced
i U at the present Congress, but
j.-ing to the panic, had been defer
red till next winter, when it has the
priority of all other business from
da y to day until disposed of. We
ies'.re, he continued, to secure hon
esty aud purity in the administra
tion of government. Great uneasi
i.er.s has prevailed, many charges,
s nne of them just, have been made
fcgmnst men who have been honor
ed by the Republican party with
its oufidence. This is what has al
ways followed a great war, and
what persons familiar with politi
cal history predicted as the war
approached its close. No party can
retain power for twenty years with
out attracting to itself persons who
join it for their own selfish ends;
camp-followers, jobbers, office-hunters,
moiety-men, men who'mean to
make politics pay." The Republi
can party must deal with them, and
i4 trying to deal with them as well
as it can. Do you think our Demo
cratic opponents likely to have es
caped better than we have in this
regard? The Republican party is
the majority of the American peo
ple, and to say that the Republican
party is corrupt is to declare that
the American people is corrupt.
To say that we cannot remedy this
evil is to declare the republic itself
a failure. I, for one, do notdespair.
England, a nation with institutions
so nearly like our own that she has
b.en called a 44 republic hooped,"
has gone through a far worse expe
rience, Not many generations ago
an election in England was a con
test between two men of wealth,
widen could pay the largest sum for
the votes of the constituents. Yet j
bribery at elections has there almost
wnolly been suppressed. Nor was
the representative in Parliament
himself, man of rank, man of cul- ;
ture, man of honor though he
claimed to be, better than the con
hliiuent. Mr. Disraeli, a short time
; go, stated in the House of Com
ni.uis that the time was when at
the close of every session of Parlia
ment the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer took his place below the
bar and gave a 500 note to each
im-inber as he went out who had
voed steadily with the government
through the session. Some one
caned out 44 You mean Sir Robert
Walpole." 44 No," said Mr. Dis
raeli, 44 long after Sir Robert Wal
poie. Long alter the close of the
American war." Now if England,
with all the tendency of an aris
tocracy toward corruption, has ex
tirpated a practice which existed in
SUCn grOSS iorm wmuu mo m u,wl J
of living men, so that corruption
in Parliament is there almost un
known, surely the American people
need find no difficulty.
The Real Facts.
Chronic grumblers see nothing
good in the acts of tho Republican
party. During the administration
of ihe party it has aided and actu
ally secured the construction of a
railway across the continent from
ocean to ocean; yet tho party is
abused for donating to this enter
prise a portion of the public lands,
iy which Immigration has been
drawn into the interior, developing
he resources of the great West, and
tioubling in value the yet unoccu
pied public domain.
During the administration of the
party more than 40,000 miles of rail
way have been constructed over the
country, equaling In cost. Including
rolling stock and equipments, the
tudre railway system of England
twice told ; yet the party is blamed
tvauso there are not railways
enough to transfer our vast internal
prducts to the seacoast and manu
ldttures to the interior. ' i
Since the party came into power
it has expended, vast sums in har
bor and river improvements;
yet it is censured because it -ha
not arotrUpteU n trytcm of ;in-
land canals across the continent. It
is censured for expending mom-yon
fiublic buildings; yet there is sea n'e
y a city, territory or State in the
Union that is not clamoring to-day
for appropriations for the erection,
of public buildings that are really
needed to meet the development
and consequent necessities of the
country.
The Government is censured for
the public debt and consequent tax
ation; and yet the debt is the di
Tect result of the war inaugurated
by the very men who are now whi
nmg over its existence.
aut -
The Democratic party is const
ly denouncing the Administration
for the heavy expenses of the Gov
ernment, while the figures show
conclusively, and every body who
has investigated the subject knows,
that when the disbursements grow
ing out of the Democratic war are
deducted, the cost of the Govern
ment is less than it was under
Buchanan, with one-third more
population to provide for now than
at that time.
The Democracy blames the Re
publican party for the late panic
and subsequent hard times, and at
tributes this disaster to a high tar
iff; yet, every intelligent man in
the country knows that if it had
not been for that same tariff, the
crisis would have fallen upon us
several years earlier, and with ten
fold more severity. TMiese chronic
grumblers know better. They know
that the Republican party has been
a marvelous success. JVetc-Jieme
Time a.
The New Bankrupt Law.
The following are the most im
portant provisions of the new Bank
rupt Act, which has been approved
by the President:
1st. No proceedings can be taken
in involuntary or compulsory bank
ruptcy excepting by the action of
one-fourth in numoer of creditors
and one-third in value of claims
against the debtor.
2d. The provision of the present
law requiring that the assets of an
involuntary bankrupt shall be equal
to fifty per cent, of the indebted
ness (proved or provable) is repeal
ed without limitation.
3d. In voluntary bankruptcy the
bankrupt may be discharged if his
assets equal thirty per cent, of debt
proved against him which he owes
as principal.
4th. A composition may beelfect
ed without regard to the proceed
ings in bankruptcy, by a vole ot a
majority in number of creditors,
who shall adopt a resolution to that
in effect at a meeting duly called,
on due notice, as such creditors as
may be present or represented by
proxy; said resolution to be certi
fied to court, to be signed by a cer
tain number (five-eighths) of tl e
creditors, representing a certain
proportion (three-fourths are believ
ed to be the proportion) of the in
debtedness, which, if had, such
composition may be enforced upon
the non-agreeing creditors.
oth. The two periods of four
months and six months, prescribed
as limits of reclaiming and avoid
ing processes, are reduied to sixty
days and four months respectively,
but this is not to take effect for two
months after pa.-sage of act.
6th. The expenses of all officers,
agents, etc., to be reduced to one
half the, present rates ; the old rules
to remain in force until theSupreme
Court shall arrange the new tariff of
charges.
In estimating the number of credi
tors in certain cases no debt under
$o0 is counted in the number, 1 hough
it may be computed in whole.
Neic-Berne Times.
Judge Dick has issued an order
fixing the rates tf printing notices in
bankruptcy as follows, after June
21,1874:
First meeting, 2 times, $2.25
Appointment of Assignee, 3 times. 2.00
Final Notice, 2 times, 2.25
Notice of second and third meet
ings, once a week 2 weeks, each, 2.25
All notices of sales by assignees
or officers of the court snail be pub
lished once a week for 3 succebsive
weeks in one of the newspapers
heretofore designated by the court
to publish bankruptcy notices. Such
notices shall be paid for according
to the published rates of such news
papers. This is a reduction of all fees in
bankruptcy to one-half what they
have been heretofore. The fees of
lawyers in bankrupt cases have like
wise been reduced to $2.3, or what
ever pricr may be agreed upon.
Au- Xoi th.State.
MISCELLANEOUS.
The D tinkers.
A Peculiar Set of People.
A correspondent of the St. Louis
Republican gives some particulars
about the German Baptists known
as the Dunkers, who have been
holding their annual national con
ference: "They teach the doctrine
of general redemption through our
Lord Jesus Christ, and hold that
man is a free moral agent. They
also believe in the doetrineof infant
salvation, but their leading bishops
have not decided at what time in
life accountability begins. They
believe that Christian regeneration
will exhibit itself externally, and
hence on becoming members of the
church they renounce the pomis
and vanities of the world, mani
festing their belief by plainuessand
uniformity of dress, both men and
women ; hence in all the assembly
none ot the sisters exhibited any
flounced, furbelows or jewelry, but
instead are attired in piain modest
odors, many of them in calico, aud
all, both old and young, wear sun
bonnets which they remove while
in churcbi path on having on her
head a plain cap of Swiss mu3lin,
made after the style of our great
grandmothers. The men wear the
style of dress usually-adopted by
the Quakers, and in meeting a
brother salute by shaking the hand
and giving the kiss of brotherly
love.
In their moral tenets they are op
posed to bearing arms, and will not
resort to the law to collect a debt.
Yrhen a brother is unfortunate fi
nancially, they render him assist
ance, and never permit any of their
members to be supported oy county
or State charities; are opposed
! all secret societies and will not
to
re
ceive any one into membership
who belongs to them. Donotallow
members to make contracts with
persons either members or other
wise of the church, which theycan
!ot fill. Any member found uuilty
of this subjects himself to discipline
of the church. Preach temperance
in everything, and prohibit their
members from dealing in or manu
facturing ardent spirits. Counsel
their brethren not to hold office or
to vote, especially in time of war,
and advise not to vote or take any
intenst in State or political affairs,
and suggest to the brethren not to
read political papers, on the pica
that it has a tendency to lead their
minds astray on religious matters.
Their annual conference is held al
ternately east and west of tho Ohio
river, beginning on Pentecost day,
which is the seventh Sunday from
Easter. The principal churches of
this denomination are located in the
States of Pennsylvania, Virginia,
North Carolina, Ohio, Maryland,
Delaware, New Jersey, Indiana, Il
linois, Michigan, Minnesota, Idaho,
California, low', Arkansas, Kan
sas, Oregon, Colorado, and Missouri,
with a scattering membership in
the extreme Southern and iNew
England States, but no church or
ganizations, the largest body being
in Miuma v alley, Ohio.
As to the number of membership, i
it i3 impossible to give anything j
more than an approximate esLi- ;
mate, they holding the doctrine i
that the Scripture forbids the nuni- j
bering of the bretnren. Their min- J
istry is divided, into three classes,;
the first being teachers or exporters, I
and advanced when found worthy j
to the authority to perform the !
marriage rite, and eventually to j
the office of bishop, by the lying on
of hands. They receive no salary,!
but accept what the brethren vol
untarily bestow, and are at liberty
to select, with consent of the church,
their field of labor. Members are
received by vote, and only by trine
immersion, aud are not poimitted
to partake of the s tcrameut with
any other religious denomination.
They consider marriage by an offi
cer of the civil law as valid; are
law-abiding citizens, except where
the civil law conflicts with their
views of the Bible doctrine, in
which case they prefer to suffer the
penalties rather than sacrifice their
religious belief. Tney observe the
Lord's Supper in toe ancient man
ner, by washing the leet and kiss of
brotherly lve. The churches are
at liberty to ob-erve this ordinance
six times during the year, or only
once, as they may elect. Industry
on the part of its members is st rictly
required, and all iazy, indolent
members soon find there is no sup
port for them if able-bodied."
Profitable Politeness.
TheBoston Traveller, in comment
ing on the prevalence of rudeness,
tells the following incident that
happened some years ago- There
was a very plainly dressed, elderly
lady, who was a frequent customer
at the then leading dry goods store
in Boston. No one in the store
knew her even by name. All the
clerks but one avoided her and gave
their attention to those who were
better dressed and more pretentious.
The exception was a young man
who had a conscientious regard for
system. lie never left another cus
tomer to wait on the lady, but when
at liberty he waited on her with as
much attention as though .she had
been a princess. Th?s continued a
year or two, until the young man
became of ige. One morning the
lady approached the young -man,
when the following conversation
took place:
Lady 44 Young man, do you wish
to go into business lor yourself ?'
44 Yes, ma'am," he responded,
44 but I have neither money, credit,
nor friends, nor wid any one trust
me."
44 Well," continued the lady,
44 you go and seiect a good situation,
ask what the rent is and report to
me," handing the young man her
address. The young man went,
found a capital location, a good
store, but the landlord required se
curity, which he coifld not give.
Mindtul of the ladys request, he
forthwith went to herand reported.
44 Well," she replied, 44 you go aud
tell Mr. that I will be respon
sible." He went, and the landlord or
agent was surprised, but the bargain
was closed. The next day the lady
called to ascertain the result. The
young man told her, but added,
What am I to do for gootU ? No
one will trust me."
44 You may go and see Mr. ,
and Mr. -, and Mr. , and tell
them to call on me."
He did, and his store was soon
stocked with the best goods in the
market. There are many in the
city who remember the circum
stance and the man. He died many
years since, and left a fortune of
300,000. So much for politeness, so
much for civility, and so much for
treating one's elders with the defer
ence due to age, in whatever garb
they anc clothed,
Look Up, Bachelors.
Here's a morsel of comfort for ye,
bachelors :
Bachelors are. stylet), by marred
men who have put their foot into it,
as only 44 half perfected beings,"
44 cheerless vtigtoiids,M 44 but half
a pair of shears," and many other
cutting ti;les are given them, while,
on the other hand, tliey extol their
ownj!ate as one of such perfect
bii-s that a change from earth to
Heaven would be somewhat of a
doubtful good.
if tie-, h ippy, why in time
don't they enjoy their happiness,
ami hohTti.- c tongues about it?
What do half of the men who get
married, get married for? Simply
that they may have somebody to
darn their stockings, sew buttons
on their shirts, and trot the babies;
that they may have somebody, as
a married man once said, to 44 pull
off their boots when they are a little
balmy." These fellows are always
talking of the loneliness of bache
lors. Loneliness, indeed! Who is
petted to death by the ladies with
marriageable daughters ; invited to
tea and to evening parties, and told
to 44 drop in just when it is conve
nient?" the bachelor. Who lives
in clover all his days, and when he
dies has flowers strewn on his grave
by all the girls who couldn't entrap
. . i .i i itr .
1 1 1 1 i j . i nz i;(iLii.iui it i.'i i ,
flowers on the married man's grave! j
his widow! not a bit of it; she!
pulls down the tombstone that a six
weeks' grief has set up in her heart,
him .' tne oacneior. w no strews
and goes and gets married again.
she does. Who goes to bed early
because time hangs heavy on his
hands? the married man. Who
gets a scolding for picking out the
softest side of the bed, and for wak
ing up the baby when he turns over
in the morning? the married man.
Who has wood to split, house hunt
ing and marketing to do, the young
ones to wash, the lazy servant girl
to iook after? the married man.
Who is taken up for beating his
wife? the married man. Who gets
divorced ? the married man. Fi
nally, who has got I he Scripture on
his side? the bachelor. St. Paul
says, and St. Paul knew what he
was talking about : 41 lie lhat mar
ries does well, but he that does not
marrv does better."
Wo mle r fill Ca 1 c u 1 a t i o m
A write?
thus
undertakes to con
of the greatness of
vev some idea
the population of China: "The
mind cannot grasp the real import
of so vast a number. Four hundred
millions! What do-s it mean?
Count it. Night and day, without
rest, or food, or sleep, you continue
the weary work ; yet eleven days
have passed before you have count
ed the first million, and more than
as many years before the end of the
tedious task can be reached." He
also supposes this mighty multi
tude to take up its line of march in
a grand procession, placed in a sin
gle fi!e six miles apart, and march
ing at the rate f thirty miles a day
except on the ;.5.ibbath, which is
given to rest. 44 Day after day the
moving column advances, the trail
pushing on far towards the rising
s;tn, now bridge the Pacific, now
bridge the Atlantic. And now the
Pacific is crossed, but sliil the lo.ig
procession marches on, stretching
across high mountains and sunny
plains and broad rivers, through
Citir a and India and the European
kingdoms, and on again over the
stormy bosom of the Atlantic. But
the circuit of the world itself affords
not standing room. The endless
column will double upon itself, and
double and double again, and shall
girdle the earth eight times before
the great reservoir which furnishes
these numberless multitudes is ex
hausted. Weeks and months and
years roll away, ani still they come,
men, women and children. Since
tho march began the little boy has
become a man, yet on they come in
unfailing numbers. Not till the
end of forty-one years will the last
of the long procession have passed."
Such is China in its population, arid
if Homer could preach eloquently
on the vanity of man as moral,
with equal eloquence, had he seen
or contemplated the millions of
China, could he have preached on
the vanity of man as an individual.
The Strangest "Wedding on
Record.
Bva strange perversion of legal
principles, it was supposed by our
ancestors that whoever married a
widow who .was administratrix
upon the estateof her deceased bus-
band, represented insolvent, and
should nossess himself of any pro
perty Or anything purchased by the
deceased husband, would become an
xpiitor de son tort and would
thereby make himself liable to an-
. 1 m I I
swer lor tnegooas oi nis preaecessor.
Major Moses Joy became enamored
of Mrs. Hannah Ward, widow of
William Ward, who died in 1788,
leaving an insolventestate of which
Mrs. Ward was administratrix. To .
.. . 1 . 4l... I
avoia tne unpleasant penai ties oi me
law, on the morning of her mar
riage with Major Joy, Mrs. Ward
placed herself in a closet, withui
tire-woman, who stripped her of all
her clothing, and w hen in a perfect
ly nude "state she thrust her fair
round arm through a diamond hole
in the door of the closet, the gallant
Major clasped the hand of the bux
om widow, and was married by the
jolliest parson in Vermont. At the
close of the ceremony J the tire? wo
man dressed the bride in a complete
wardrobe which the Majofinad pro
vided and deposited in the closet at
hDOrtmmpnfment fif thptvivmonv.
fiha nump nut Ipr.ititlv Htossu il in
Silk, satin, and li.ee ; and there was
kissing all VQuad.Montptlier
ArgW.
Tricky.
The Secretary of theTrea iry had
a consultation with the Assis ant
Secretary, the Chief clerk and the
Appointment clerk recently, with
reference to the reports that had
been received from all of the nearly
5,000 clerks of that department, re
garding the relationship of those
holding: positions with each other,
and with thoso in other depart
ments. These repot ts were 'made
in accordance with the orders of the
Secretary, his object being to allow
but one in a family to remain in the
department. During the consider
ation of the subject several Mnusing
and striking facts were developed.
It was found that, sin many cases,
ladies had been married for years
who were known on the rolls by
their maiden names, although they
yet had been married to clerks in
the -same department, and had .chil
dren. It is a rule of the office that
as soon as n female clerk is married
she shall be removed to make a place
for some less fortunate individual.
Clerks were therefore known as
Miss Brown and Miss Smith, aud
drew pay and signed the rolls as
such, when, in reality, they were
not entitled to those names. Other
female clerks were found to have
married clerks in other departments
and had not reported the facts;
Another easo was that relating to a
i -ii
- - n
very prosperous shoemaker and his
family. He married a woman in
one of the Bureaus of the Treasury,
but she retained her place under her
former name, and has had several
children since her marriage. It is
even reported that the thritly shoe
maker supplied one of the lady's
superior officers with boots and
shoes without charge. $
A Whale Story.
Whales are supposed to live to a
great age; aud, apropos, a story is
told of a sailor whose boat was
wrecked, while he and -his mess
mates were tossed high into the air,
by a mad whale's flukes. As he
came down, after half an hour had
elapsed, the whale awaited him
with open mouth, aud, instead of
sinking as deep into the sea as he
had been in the air, he slid smooth-,
ly into the whale's interior. As
soon as he recovered his breath he
drew out his tobacco box and helped
himself to a liberal 44 quid," which
he rolled over and over in lfis mouth
as he laughed at his adventure.
.Presently he aro.-e from the soft but
mo;st couch on which he had fallen,
and surveyed the apartment, which
contained, many wonders you may
be sure. Some writings on one of
the walls attracted his attention,
and, on examination, it proved to
be the words 44 Jonah, B. C. 802."
This amused him so much that the
quid fell out of his mouth, and the
whale at once commenced to writhe
aud show a violent dislike to nico
tine. A happy idea occurred to
him, and he cut his plug of tobacco
into small pieces, whicn he distri
buted over the floor. The whale
then heaved more violently than
before, and while Jack was holding
his sides at the joke he was thrown
into the water and almost on board
one of the ship's boats.
Some of his comrades doubted his
wondrous story, but for the benefit
of unbelievers, he hail brought back
with him a pocket-knife with a
buckhorn handle, on which were
carved Jonah's initials and an
American eagle. From Ximrod bf
the Sa, or The American Whale
man, hy W. Morris Davi.
Locusts in China.
In China, wherlocusts are wont
to ravage the country, the authori
ties, whether civil or military, are
held responsible for the stamping
out of these insects as soon as their
appearance has been reported. They
are required to summon a large
body of men, and at once surround
and destroy the locusts ; the ex
pense of the maintenance of the
men and compensation for the crops
trodden down during the chase be
ing supplied by the Provincial
Treasury. Should the authorities
succeed in stamping out the locusts
within a limited time their services
are favorably reported to the Empe
ror; but should they fail, and the
locust3 spread and do damage, they
are liable to be deprived of their
posts, arrested, and handed over to
the proper board for punishment.
A certain sum per bushel is paid to
the peasants bringing in unwinged
locusts, and half that sum when the
locusts are able to tly, wmte com-
j pensalion 16 given for crops trodden
! f,ri.n in tilft (.ha The locusts are
swept with besoms into trenches
dug at the sides hi the corn field, in
which a vigorous tiie is kept up.
The best time to capture locusts is
when they are feeding at dawn of
day, when their bodies being heavy
with dew and their wings wet, they
are unable to jump or fly. Ex
change. lcat!i of a Circus Giant.
A giant boy connected with the
Chicago circus, which was recently
traveling through Delaware, died of
typhoid fever at Frankford, a rural
village in Sussex, county. He had
been left there by the company,
sick and unable to proceed further,
without money and among strang
ers, entirely dependent upon the
charities pf the people there. He
was, however, kindly -cared for by
the people until death relieved him.
When laid out for burial he meas
ured seven feet four inches.-:
-The nmvor of New York says in
his message that the debt of the city
i is, $142,000,000. - The expenses .ior
i the current year is $37,)W,U00;
Starving in Nebraska.
It is a strange and pathetic story
of destitution and suffering which
comes to us from Nebraska, where
whole communities isolated from
the rest of the world are brousht
face to face with starvation. Tho
cry of want has for many months
been painfully familiar to the cars
of ptniple in tho thickly settled
States in the lvtst, but. the people
who raised it have always been ea
sily within thn reach of thoirtflief
which, when known to lie needed,
has always been liberally supplied.
The people of Nebraska, whoso
crops have been swept clean by a
plague of grasshoppers as destruc
tive as tnu one iniiictett upon tne
Egyptians of old, are, by reason of
their isolation, almost oeyoud tho
reach of relief ; and the advent; of
the winter's snow, if it finds them
misapplied, will hopelessly shut
them in with their fate. It isa ter
rible thing to think that-in this
land of plenty and In a year of inoro
than usually bountiful harvests,
hundreds of peoplo are in immi
nent danger of dying outright from
starvation. The relief which shall
save them from starvation must bo"
speedily nwidered, and it is greatly
to the credit of General Ord, com
manding the department in which
the destitution exists, that he has
done everything In his power to
hasten the rendering f relief.-
Lsricks Twenty Ccnturidw Old.
A correspondent of the Cleave
land Leader, writing from Persia
says: 44 Coming from Bagdad,
which, in a direct line, is forty
four miles distant, three immenso
mounds appear in succession, which
have the appearance of natural hills.
But closo examination shows that
they are composed of bricks, and
are'the remains of largo buildings.
These are on tho east side of tho
Euphrates, and the largest is about
one hundred and fifty feet in height.
They are supposed to be an ancient
citadel that defended this. part of
the town, the royal palace and a
temple. How immense must the
original buildings have been, when
it is considered that these mounds
have been the storehouses from
which, for twenty centuries, bricks
of the finest' description have been
taken to build thu great cities of
Csesiphon, S. lucia, and Bagdad!
Fragments of alabaster vessels and
images, tine earthenware, marble,
and great quantities of enameled
tiles, the coloring and glazing cf
which are still surprisingly fresh,
can yet be found in these mounds.
On the face of every brick is stamp
ed, in cuneiform, the name and title
of Nebuchadnezzar. They are all
laid face down ward, and the cement
in which they are imbedded is so
hard that they can'only be detached
with the greatest difficulty."
Teaching the Queen.
The London World has taken to
teaching Queen "Victoria good man
ners, lis first lesson touches the
proprieties with regard to the visit
to England of the Empress of Rus
sia, and isa follows: 44 Supposing
you were an elderly lady and your
son had married the only daughter
of the richest, grandest and most
important of your neighbors, by
whom every possible attention had
been shown to you and yours ; and
supposing on the occasion of your
daughter-in-law's confinement her
mother came from a long distance
to stay with , her in her London
house, don't you think it would be
merely decent and polite we would
say nothing of politic behavior on
your part to come up from the far
distant place, 1 where you persist in
burying yourself, to the great con
fusion of the business which it Is
your duty to discharge, and show
some personal civility to-your
guest?"
A Child's Will.
Men often speak of breaking: tho
will of a child; but it seems to me
that they had better break the neck.
The will needs regulation, not de
stroying. I should 3 soon break
the legs of a horse in training him,
as a child's will. I would disci
pline and develop it into harmo
nious proportions. I never yet
heard of a will in itself too strong,
more than an arm too mighty -or a
mind to comprehensive in its grasp
and too powerful in its hold. The
instruction of children should bo
suclas animate, inspire, restrain;
but riotto hew, cut and carve ; for I
would always treat a child as a live
tree, which has to be helped to grow,
never as dry, dead timber, to be
carved into this or that shape, and
to have certain mouldings grooved
upon it. A live tree, and not dead
timber, is every little child. Theo
dore Parker,
Dr. Johnson said that a man who
would make a pun would pick a
pocket. The more practical Dr.
Franklin, on the contrary, said in a
letter written from, London to a
Philadelphia friend, July 7, 1765:
44I am pleased with your punning
not merely because I like punning
in general but because I learn, from
your using it, that you are in good
health and spirits, which I pray you
l! 1 t
may long cpuuuutv;
A little son of J. M. Hurah, of
Salisbury, was seriously inj urea late
ly by the explosion of a powder
fiask.. - j: .
Dr. J: II. Tucker shot at Mr. Rob
ert Hamlin three times on Christmas
day, on the streets of Henderson.
oi..i v.n-a tvtorln hrlr nnnearanco
in some of the waters of North Car
olina.
    

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