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1 .l-i " -.
- ! - ' LIBERTY. ...THE CONSTITUTION.. ..UNION. ; ." ; ; , '
- IU 'HUSHED
BY THOMAS WATSON.
' ! TERMS,
-T'irVil!li P-r n'lTJm pxya')l2 in advance.
V) ji';rw' il be diontinae.l '(but at the dis
cretion of the Li 1: tor) until all arrearage have been
PJ'"Remittances by ma;l will be -guarantied by
hft Kditor. J ..... .
NEWBEM, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1832.
When her chains shall be.exchanged for gar- of the Saracen arms brought it to the Levant, NOTICE.
lands, and her misery be turned into joy. Eng- whence it was disseminated to Spain, Sicily, TTTM7T T Ar WAT r APF hntr a '
ttopefci ::zztrX ! pint oty i pose to se" out their present srk of Goods'
arisen in their rniaht to declare their will, and j the plague, diffusing itself insiduously every j AT AUCTION,
has blazed, and the blood has flowed J where, ine humble and industrious inmates I
already; the castle of the noble, the palace of of the cot of the hind and tlo princely and
the Bishon have been levelled to their foun- indolent inhabitants of the palace of Kings,
li.VW.S Or THE UNITED STATES PASSED AT THE FlflST
SESSION 'OF?' THE ' TWENTY-SECOND CONGRESS.
dations, and the wide distinctions of society, , were equally and impartially assailed by the de-
rendered venerable by time, abolished in tne
opinion of thousands. What they have been
accustomed to ask as a boon, they now demand
as a right; the humble petition to Parliament
is exchanged for a bold appeal to their country-
men; tne institutions mat nave pictoucu.iui
ages, are on the point of being abrogated lor
ever, and the people gain new privileges and
Tim nolitirian has now abundant themes Tor
forming ravages of this loathsome disease. In
fifty years alone now fewer than eleven illustri
ous individuals of the Imperial House of Austria
fell victims to this visitation.
The yellow fever in the West India islands;
the Bulam fever and the endemic of Malaga all
contribute to the destruction of the human
race. At Batavia, air of a nature so pestiferous
blows from the coast, which, meeting with a
horribly offensive malaria, which rushes from
the eniDlovment of his sagacity ; nav, images Uhe southeast upon the Guinea coast, gene
multiply too fast for his comprehension. The j rates a compound which causes a mortality
fate of one'Empire is scarcely decided, ere the j so fearfully great, that Dr. Lind tells us the
difficulties of another challenge his attention. living were unable to bury theudead.
Let him turn from the views of European po-j In the negro towns in 17o4-, the gates oi
Castle were lelt unguarded, lhesenti-
were smitten to the ground, as if by the
regard the United States, and her people. What : hand of an invisible agent: At Cadiz, a pesti
a contrast! All that the people of other coun-4 lence of the nature of plague appeared in 1870;
tries have been or are striving for, has been ac-! the air from its stagnant state became so vitiated,
eomplished long ago, by the people here; they j that its noxious qualities affected even animals!
were the 'creators of their laws, their inntitu- . Canary birds died, blood issuing from their
tions, and their rights, they are the preservers ! bills, and in the neighboring towns which were
of them, and the happy participators of all the j afterwards infected, not a sparrow was to be
AN ACT to authorize, the State. of Illinois to sell
twenty thousand acres, of the Saline lands in' said
State. . J litical scenery, and stretch his gaze across the : Cape
Be. it enacUdbj he Senate and. House ofi AUantic tQ take a view of America ;-let him ' nels
iltpr(iTtaii ccsoj inc i; mica muics uj America
n Congress assembled, That the State of Illin
ois be, and is, . authorized and empowered to
Holland dispose of, twenty thousand acres in
addition to ttfeAhirty thousand acres heretofore
authorized to be sold of the lands granted to
.-aid iate for, the use and support of the salt
works, known by the name of the "Ohio Sa
line," in the county of Gallatin, in said State ;
the said twenty thousand acres of land to be se
icctedand sold, and the proceeds thereof applied
in. such manner as the General Assembly of Il
linois have directed, or hereafter may direct.
Approved, 19th January, lb32.
AX ACT supplementary to an Act to grant pre
; cmption riglits to-settlerrfonJt'ablic Landa.
Be it enacted by' the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United-States of America
n. Congress assembled. That from and after
the passage of this act, all persons who have
purchased under an act, entitled " An act to
rrant Jpre-f;inption rights to settlers on thepub
Jic lands," approved the twenty-ninth of May,
( ne thousand eight hundred and thirty, may as
in and transfer their certificates of purchase,
or final receipts, and patents may issue in the
name of such assignee, any thing in the act
uforcsaid' to the contrary notwithstanding.
Approved, 23d January, 1832.
blessings that spring from them
In after times, when the pen ofchistory records
the past, this sentiment may haply be found
upon the page. At a time when the old govern
ments of the earth were shaken to their centre
j by civil discord, when kings were dethroned
I or created as the common occurrences of the
day, when the people began to feel their power
and exert it for their deliverance from oppres
seen : . .
We now proceed to cholera, the last dread
ful pestilence in our catalogue of great nation
al calamities. As to the early history of this
disease, there is also much uncertainty and con
tradiction. Bontius supposes that it was
known to the Greeks. Sonnerat describes a
disease exactly like the cholera, '.which wTas
prevalent in 1774. The Medical Hindoo wri-
sion, a Republic that had not reached its sixtieth j trs are said to have described it, and particu
year of existence, was in the full enjoyment of! larly the renowned Dhanwastera, the Hindoo
civil and religious liberty, in the possession of i riisoupalius.
every privilege patriotism could claim free,
prosperous, and happy, from wise enactments,
calling out its own resources, and capable of
teaching to the world at large, how a people
can govern and pro vide for themselves.
The foil owing has been its progress: in 1769,
at Ambore Valley; and at Arcot it appeared in
1781. At Mauritius, in 1788. It reached the
presidency of Madras in 1782. Vellorein 1787,
and in 18 years thereafter, itspread to Trinco
malee. It appeared in India in 1807, in shape
so unquestionable that it was regarded as a
On the 14th of February next, or
the first day of Green County Court.
Merchants and others are invited to attend, as
the stock embraces a large and excellent as
Bry Goods, .
HARD WARE & CUTLER Yy
CROCKERY, GLASS WARE,
Carpenter's & Blacksmith's Tools
and various other articles.
Six months credit will be given for all sums
over twenty dollars, the purchasers giving notes
with approved security. Purchases of twenty
dollars and under, cash.
BELL fc WALLACE.
Snow 'Hill, January 15fA, 1832.
JOHN A. CRISPIN
MAS just returned from New York with
general assortment of
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, CROCKERY
The following articles comprise a part-of his Stock
Trorn the .Neiv York American Advocate.
For some years subsequent to the fall of Na
poleon, and the establishment of general peace,
the mind of the Politician lacked novelty where
with . to entertain itself. Each nation oppres
sp1 with the burthens imposed by the necessi
ties of a lengthened warfare, eagerly sought
the enjoy ment of repose ; and for a time, it ap-peared-a&
though the sword had been changed
into tliiickle, and the soldier transformed in
fo the husbandman. .
France was the first to awaken from a peace
ful slumber ; Italy was thenextaroused; Poland
burst the bands of sleep; Belgium started from
repose; and even England has experienced
tome unquiet dreams, to indicate that she is
Also stirring. . j -
Bywhat magic power have so many nations
arisen to mingle in the strife ofblooo; of what
did the spell consist that it could bring so many
'combatants into the field of arms? No uiighty
question was agitated between the monarchs of
the earth, by which those fell enchanters, pride
and jealousy, could charm their votaries to their
bidding : the great national councils of Europe
were undisturbed by the attempted settlement
of any important arrangement, and the crowned
head s were leagued together, apparently in good
faith, to preserve, the integrity of their territo
ries both individually and collectively. A Holy
Alliance existed !
Surrounded by ithe attributes of Imperial and
. Kingly power, fortified even by the prejudices
of mankind, with armies at their back, and na
vicsjat their will; llattered by all the pomp and
ircumstances of majesty, it might be supposed
fhat the'occupant of a throne was beyond the
reach of an enemy, and that the note of defiance
could not vibrate 'within the atmosphere of a
court. But, firm as a throne may be fixed, and
absolute as the authority of" tlie sitter thereon'
raay be, there is yet a power on earth, more
strongly based than that throne, and more migh
ty than the sceptered hand the People!
Behold the regular line of the Capitan Kings !
they are wanderers, and their palace of the
Puilcries occupied by one who is the choice of
-the People: See the roll of the ancient aristo
cracy of France ; it is even now folding up, and
he claims of birth arc forever silenced': the
nereditary4peerage will shortly become the
matter of History, as that which has past; whilst
a new order of aristocrats are to take the place
oi the old noblesse, dependent for their crea
tiojfupon whom? The King yes, appa
i rcntl, but in reality, upon the Chamber of De
puties the: People. Regard Belgium ; how
W isely did the members of the Holy Alliance
provide for her government, and in the pleni
tude of their power, after their great foe wras
humbled, how easily did they transfer millions
of men, and a large portion: of territory from
one sovereign to another; and yet how rapidly
has a change been effected by the People; how
quickly have they elected their own monarch.
Witnessjhe struggle in Poland! tis true they
have been unsuccessful, but Jiow. gallantly did
ffic people struggle for liberty against an over
whelming host? their day has not yet arrived;
tor a tew years the Polish neck must bow be
neath the yoke of despotism ; but the time will
conic when'fArt nr.nnlp of that countrv likewise
shall be no longer slaves, when they shall as
semble under their own banner, choose their
n government, and live as freemen should
'pontile soil which God has given unto them.
Jtaly after all her struggles, is still manacled,
ui tne same bright hopes that Poland can en
-r oin may be cherished by the Italian people,
Of the numerous and varied pestilences I new disease. At Jessore, (100 mile3 N. E. of
which have assailed mankind in every quarter ! Calcutta,) it raged most furiously, visiting and
of the known world, from the earliest accounts, j ravaging in its course the population of Benares,
traditionary or recorded, none have been more Allahabad, Cownpore, Delhi, &,c. travelling as
overwhelmingly destructive to the human race if by a chain of posts. It now reached the
than the plague. Of the primary source of grand army, and devastated the Decan. Spread
this malady nothing satisfactory is known, i ing to Poonah, and crossing to Salsettec, it ar
That it is a disease of the remotest antiquity ived at Bombay in September, 1818, exactly 1C
cannot be doubted inasmuch as it is noticed ; months after its appearance at Calcutta. It
successively by the Romans and Arabians, and reached the Persian Gulf in 1812, and in 1823,
through all the subsequent records of nations j it prevailed at Ashachan, which proves that
Champaigne, in qt. and
Pico, do. "
Cogniac Brandy (supe
Old Jamaica Rum,
Superior Holland Gin,
Old Monong. Whiskey,
N. E. Rum,
Porter in qt.&. pt. bottles
down to the present day.
The earliest Jewish history in the Pentateuch
indisputably proves its existence, where allu
Europe was then closely threatened. Mr. Cor
nish, in a communication from Persia, in 1822,
! : made the following prediction: 44 1 much fear it
11 nvtnnrl tn F.
Hebrew vord Deber. Egypt would appear ! and great population will make itmore severely
to be the place whence the Jews imagined the j felt than in the scattered cities and scanty popu
pestilence to have emanated. Thucidydes de- i lation of Persia."
scribes the prevalence of the plague at Athens, I It has passed over 90 degrees longitude, and
which was reiterated in the much admired ac
count given by Lucretius. About the middle
of the second century of the Christian era,
60 degrees latitude ; crossing the equator to
the boundary line of Southern tropics, and
from the Northern tropic to the Temperate
Rome was visited by a severe plague, which in jone. Of its remote cause we really know no-
all probability was introduced to the capitalhy
the army of Lucius Varius on his return from
Parthia. Galen notices the plague in his wri
tings. On the authority of Euscbius, we name
A. D. 302 as the period of the Syrian plague,
wrhich was so mortal during its prevalence. In
the year 540, during the reign of Justiana, a se
vere and extensive pestilence ranged over the
greater part of Europe &. Asia for halfa century.
The earliest authentic visitation in Britain of
this disease is that described in the year 430.
The last time it raged as an epidemic was in the
ever-memorable vears 1664-5. It fortunate
ly has not existed in Europe since 1679; and in
Edinburgh not subsequent to 1645; from which
thing ; it seems to give the lie to all our known
laws of contagion spreading in India in the
teeth of the most powerful monsoons. And
now Mr. Cornish's prediction is verified; it has
visited Europe. At Moscow, out of a popula
tion of 300,000, in forty-two days there were
4310 cases; out of that number only 674 cases
recovered, and 2340 died. At St. Petersburgh,
out of a population of 350,000, 7737 were at
tacked in the first thirty-two days, and 3927
died ; only 2282 recovered. It raged for some
time in Vienna, then again appeared at St. Pe
tersburg, and at length reached Hamburg;
thus leaving the German Ocean as the only bar-
! rier to the spread of the contagion in Grea
period it commenced a sweeping tour of havoc 1 Britian. The results of its progress hitherto
throughout the continentof Europe. It reached,
Alleppo in 1660, remaining for three years: at
London it appeared in 1666. Golwald mentions
it having hrevailed at Dantzic in 1700. It
reached Provenfe in 1720, and in 1771 Moscow
was infected from communication with the
Trkish army. Smyrna was nearly devastated
in 1784, and Grand Cairo in 1798. The plague
broke out in .the Indian army during the Egyp
tian expedition in 1801. 1 he British camp was
attacked with plague while in Egypt. Of those
seized of the French army under Napoleon at the
battle of the Pyramids, only one in five recov
ered, whereas 301 only died of the English army
during the two years a fact which shows -the
superiority of British practice. The plague
now reached, 1815, the "little rock of Malta,"
Nova in 1815, and.Smyrna in 1784.
The mortality was dreadful. At Moscow
1200 are reported to have fallen victions in
twelve hours. In Athens and London the dead
were too numerous for interment.
Evelyn, in his Kalendarium, under date of
September 7, says "Near 10,000 now die
weekly ; however I wrent all along the city and
suburbs from Kent street to St. James's, a dis
mal -passage and dangerous to see so many
coffins exposed in the streets thin of people,
shops shut up, andfall in mournful silence, as
not knowing whose turn it might be next."
At Grand Cairo the annual mortality averaged
7000. It would seem an established fact, that
this malady cannot engender an active mias ma,
should the temperature of the surrounding at
mosphere be above 80 degrees of Farenheit, nor
The next national visitation is that of small
pox. We cannot tell when it appeared in the
world, neither can we affirm that it was known
to the Greeks or Romans. Certain we arc that
it was observed in Asia and China for an in
calculable period before its appearance in
Britain. We can trace its course from China to
India thence to Arabia Felix, and the triumph
too fully attest the utter insufficiency of sanato
ry cordons in checking this dreadful pestilence
Matter of Fact. I am what the old women
call an odd stick. I do nothing without a
motive; I attempt nothing unless I think there
is a probability of my succeeding; I ask no fa
vors where I do not think theymaybe granted
I grant no favors where I think they are no
deserved; and finally, I do not wait upon the
girls, when I think my attention would be disa
greeable. I am . a matter of fact man. I do
things seriously. I once offered to attend a
lady to her home. I did it seriously; that is
I meant to wait upon her home if she wanted
me. She accepted my offer. I went home
with her, and it has ever since been an enigma
to me. whether she wanted me or not. She
took my arm and said not a word. I wen
home with her and she said not a word
bade her good night and she said not a word,
met her the next day and I said not a word
met her again and she gave me a two hours
talk. She feared I was .offended, but could no
conceive why. She begged me to explain bu
gave no chance. She hoped I d not be ottenaed
asked me to call; and it has ever since been a
mystery to me, whether 6he -wanted me to cal
or not. I once saw a lady ather window.
tho't I would call. I did. I inquired for the
lady and was informed she was not at home.
went away doubting. I met that lady afterwards.
She asked me to call. I thanked hex, but did
not call. I met her again; she was offended;
calledme unneighborly; reproached me for my
negligence; thought me unkintl, and I have ever
since, wondered whether she was sorry or not.
Thus have things appeared to me doubtful, won
derful, mysterious. What then is it that caused
doubt and mystery to attend the ways of men?
It is the want of fact This is a matter of fact
world, and in order to act well in it, we must
deal onlv in matters of fact. Northern Star.
Loaf & Lump,
Brown, various qual.
Mace, Cloves, -Cinuamon,
MRS. KAY respectfully informs fire
public that she has removed to that
convenient Hottse on Craveh-Streek
formerly occupied by Col. Tisdale, whciil site
is prepared to accommodate transiefti and ei
manent Boarders with the best tha market If
fords. Parents and duardians residing in the
country and who may wish to procure Board
for" their children or wards in Town, are asuriad
that, if placed under her care, every exertion
will be used to promote their comfort and cQnr
Neicbern Jan. 25. -
" JOSEPH M. GR ANADE i Co.
CORNER OF POLLOK AND MIDDLE-STREETS
m AVE just received by the schooner Re
becca from New York, and other late ar
rivals from New York, Philadelphia ahd Balti
more, a general assortment of Foreign an A
Domestic DftY GOODS, HABIWARE
and CUTLERY, QLtOtttSTS, 5rlOB3 and
Stone Wuvt . Groceries, Wines, &c
6cc. All of which they offer for sale, at a very
moderate advance for Cash or Country Produce.
The following articles may be enumerated ds part of
their srock viz:
CO UUs Pilot and Navy Bread
10 do NY WVitern Canal Flour Deacb's rrt hTaiM
20halfbUls ditto ditto
6 casks Goshen Cheese,
1 box Pine Applr ditto
12 kegs Family Butter
60 pieces Smoked Beef
25 Smoked Tongues, 12 boxes Sfli&kf d llrr ln$
6 boxes fresh bunch Raisins
300 bushels Irish Potatoes
6 barrels Loaf and Lump Sugars
White Havana and Good New Orleans 6
Imperial, Gunpowder, and Hyson TE AS
Mexican and St. Domingo Cofljre
Chocolate, 2 boxes fresh
Buckicheat, Goshen Butter, Cieese,
Spanish '& American begars, su
perior Chewing Tobacco, &c
Which he offers low for cash or country produce
at the Store on Pollok-street formerly occupied
by the late George A. Hall, Esq.
Ncwbcrn, November 15, . 1831.
Linnaean Botanic Garden & Nurseries
FLUSHING, NEAR NEW YORK.
WILLIAM PRINCE & SONS, Proprie
tors, announce that the great extensions
made in their Establishment, which now covers
near 50 acres, completely filled with the choicest
TREES, SHRUBS and PLANTS, enables
them to offer the various kinds at the reduced
prices stated in their new catalogues, which
will be sent to any person who may aply for
them. The size and excellence of the Trees
exceeds all former periods, and the most scru
pulous attention has been. devoted to their
accuracy, which is invariably an object of their
personal attention. To Nurserieb they will
allow a liberal discount and convenient credit.
All letters desiring information, will be replied
to by the first mail. As many persons are
agents for different Nurseries, it is requested
that orders intended for us be particularly spe
cified. Every Invoice sent has a printed head
ing' and our signature, and such proof or origin
must be insisted on, as we take upon ourselves
no responsibility unless such an invoice can be
Their Treatise on the Vine describes 280
kinds of Grapes and their culture. Their
Treatise on HORTICULTURE contains des
criptions for cultivating them; and their
POMOLOGICAL MANUAL, just published,
contains full descriptions of above 600 Varieties
of Pears t Plums, Peaches, Cherries, Apricots,
Nectarines, Almonds, &c. besides other Fruits
so that all persons can make their selections,
with a knowledge of the qualities.
Apply to THOMAS WATSON,
FTTIHIS day came before me, Alexander 6.
LL Grady, one of the Justices of the Peace
for the county aforesaid, Lewis Brock, of the
atd county, who being duly sworn, sayeth
thafc he did, at rHovember Term, 1831, of
Duplin County Court, lose his Pocket Book
containing the .following notes, all payable to
himself, viz: One on Jones Smith, for thirty
aoiiars, aue in August, lwai ; one on Alexan
der Carter, for thirty-six dollars, due at May
I erm, lb2U, of Duplin County Court, with two
small "credits thereon ; one on Isaac Baker, for
eight dollars and sixty cents, due in March,
1831 ; one on James Rhodes, on which there
is due about twelve dollars, and one on John
Brock, on which there is due about four dollars.
(Signed) LEWIS BROCK.
Sworn and subscribed to before me, at Duplin,
December 31sf, 1S31. j
ALEX : O. GRADY, J. P. j
I hereby forewarn all persons whatever,
from trading for any of the above described
notes; also, the makers thereof from paying
their respective amounts to any other person
San myJelC Q, , LEWI? BROCK.
Duplin County, Dec. 3lf, 1831 .
30 doz, quart and pint bottle Porter
2 do best refined Cider
10 barrels best Kew-ark family Cider, by S&r'e
or on draft
Raspberry and CI.erry Brandy
Nash County Apptf and Peach dHtt
Old Monongahclu !ye Whiskey
Common Rja ditto
Best Holland and Rye Gin
Old Jamaica St Croix andN F. Rum
15 hhda retailing Molasses
Black Pepper hnd Allspice
Rae and ground Ginger, London MusJarJ
Nutmegs Cinnamon, Cloves and Mace
Stoughton's Biiters '
1 basket best Salfad Oil'
6 boxes Sperm. Candles, 12 do Tallow ditto
5 ditto Yellow Soap. 2 bladders Tulty
1.2 ditto 10 by 12 Window Glass
12 ditto S by 10 do do
12 kegs and 25 half keg best White If at
H barrels best Winter Sperm Oil
2 barrels Linseed lo
, 2 ditto Train do
I So?5 bottles Lorillard's best Snuff
( Chewing Tobacco, of various qunlities
5 pieces 42 inch Dundee hemp Baggin
u coils bale nope r
6 cases Gentlemen's fine Uats, 3 do Wool dittcf
2 ditto Men's and Boy's Hair Seal Caps
3 ditto Whitcmore's Cotton Cards, &sstrff,d
2 ditto Wool do do
4 doz Fancy flag bottom'd Chairs
12 do Windsor ditto
Ladies rocking and sewiu ditto
Children's Chairs of various kinds
l;bale 7-8 Cotton Oznabargs
SO casks Stone Lime v
60 ditto Cut Nailsf'assorted sisres
1 ditto 15 doz Carolina hoes, assorted Siz.es
100 pair Trace Chains
G doz N Beers" long bright bitted Axes
8 do English Spades and Shovels
2 tons English and Swedes Iron, ass-arTed frxim.
1 1-2 to 8 inches wide
Haifa ton 6quare bar Iron from 3-4 to 1 12 inches
24 Freeborn's patent Cast Iron Ploughs
12 Ploaghs, manufactured by an experienced Farmer
in this neighborhood.
Newbern, 6th December, 1831.
nT appearing to the Board of Trustees that
a considerable amount of tuition money
is unpaid, notwithstanding the rule requiring
from every pupil payment in advance,
Resolved, That the Teachers b$ directed to
cause theso arrears to be collected without
Resolved further, That an adherence to the
rule is deemed essential to thd interests of
the Institution, and that the Teachers are
hereby required, in every instance hereafter
when a pupil does not produce a ccrtificato
from the Treasurer, of the tuitron mone'
being paid within one week after the com
mencement of his quarter, without distinc
tion of person, to inform the pupil that ho
can no longer be received until such certificate
is produced. '
Resolved further, That these Resolutions
be published in the newspapers of this town.
M. E. MANLY.
November 23d, 1631.
rrrHE Drawing of the subscriber's Lotterv
Li took place on Friday past the prizes in
which will be paid to the fortunate adventurers
on thclpresentation of their tickets,
January 4, 1832.
W'lLLbe given for likely young Negroes of
both sxes, from one Vo 20 years of age.
years or age-
FOUND, L . T
TTN Stmday last, iri front of the Episcopal
Vll Church, a clogetKEIT, which fhedw'
can have on application atthis Qfiier- em