II. A. JLOISUOIN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION,
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O G w
Tl-ie Saving ok
r.v W. J.
OU should tco Mrs.
OYiiudy," said my
wife to mo shortly af
ter my arrival ut the
siunuicr hotel whero
sho was spending the
season nud I was
spondiug every other
Suiioay mid nil my spnrc cash
"Do jabers," I responded, giving
die best imitation I could of tho lli
Jeruiau accent, "an' phwnt have yez
)eeu doing will Mrs. O'Orndy '!"
"My dear," said my wife, reprov
1igly,"I porooivn that your opiniuu of
Wis." O'Grady is its poor us your imitn
;iou of tbo dialect you ussoeiute with
"I don't know her tit nil," I replied,
n tho defensive.
"It whs not necessary for yon to say
u iu ko many wtirdti, my dear," said
uy wife, in n touo of voice, it is not
trorth while to explain to married
tn en. "iVheu you hnvo seen Mrs.
d'drndy you may hold to different
fiews coneoruiug her."
As usual, my wife wns right in her
ouclmious, for when I saw tlio In ly I
mi raoro thau surprised I was do
lis li ted.
Sho wns of th:it typo of Spanish
romeu we seo ia pictures, and her
lame b iro no relation to her what
iver. As she nnd my wife wero on
such excellent terms, my probation as
i stranger was short, ami in a few
minute we were chatting away like
"Kenlly," I said to her, "you must
pardon me, hut may I ask about your
mime? As far its I can recall, I do
not remember havi ng heard of the
D'lSritdya of (hir.lov u or Seville, or
fveu of the Alhnnibra.
"And still I am Dolores O'drndy,'
"Which being inter p rt ted," paid I
ivith a dawning eoiiseioii-iiiosH, "moans
that you were once Dolores Somebody
else, an I some Irish hidalgo or don
came your way uu 1 jjiivo his name for
"Vou have Riies-ol it," nho mid.
Then I recalled au old triend mid
college mate of mine. Tom O'drady,
a dare devil-Dick s:or- a chap, who
had no sooner leceivel his diploma
than ho converted what little piouerty
lie had into cash au I went o.l' on some
adventure to one of the South Ameri
"1 don't know, ma.lani," paid I,
"which of tho O'liradys has been so
fortunate, but there is one I used to
I-now who was worthy of even Filch
good fortune as to bo your husband.
His name was Tom, nnd wo were
brothers for live years."
Sim tu. k a tiny little locket from
some p'aea about her where women
usually carry Mich thiu.-js and handed
it to me. 4
"Look nt that," hho said, nud 1
"ISy .love 1 ba your pardon," 1
cxelnime 1 nud unolo-p.cd iu the same
breath ; "It's Tom."
That evening Tom arrived, and our
respective nud respected wives prom
ised to let us have uu hour to our
nelves if wo would Rivo tho first two
horrs nfttr diuuer to them. This we
readily Agreed to, bivaiuo wu knew
that no other cour.-o was lc.lt to us,
uud wo adjourned to tho npartuieuts
of the U driidys.
"Woll, well, old Tom," I said, wheu
we hnd disposed of ourselves com for t
nbly, "how did it ever bappou?" and
1 Mniled over nt Mrs. O'Orndy.
"Unit what I wnuted to tell yon
wheu wo have our hour together," ho
"What felfish erealuris men arc,"
sai l my wife. "Why not let us know
uow? I have never had the pleasure
of meeting Mr. O'Wrady until thin
(vouiu., but l'vo known 'old Tom'
ever sineo I've been married."
"flow loiii has that beou?" in
quired Tom of me.
"Three to tho pood of me. Dolores
Mid I havo been struggling nln w-ith
each other for a dozen lou nu I weary
Mrs. O'llrady threw htm a kim from
Iho tiis of her pretty liujera in ro
"Thiit'u one oxperienco, plus throa
rears," said my wife, unJ I threw her
i hand ful ol kisses.
"Let us have tho atory of your life,
j fellow," I Raid coasiuly, which
wits entirely unnecessary, for Tom
tv.ii as anxious to tell it r.s I was to
"Once upon a time,"' ho said, bow
ing to all of ns, "there- was oue
riiomas O'tirady, an American citizen
.if Itish descent, better kuowu us Tom
.ir 'ol I Ton,' nud ho went to .South
America uud mingled in it revolution,
juo of the things which is always on
tap in a South Amt iiean Republic for
tuybody to miugle in whenever ho is
.lisposod to do so. This O'drndy "
"Droi the dida.Mie nud fjenerul," 1
mterruptod, "uud get dowa to the
peri-ounl uud j articular. "
"An 1 wnsHayiug," Tom coctiuiled,
'I went to South Amerioa and invested
jpbut raonev 1 Lad iu mines and a oof- j
fee plantation, nnd kept ot of poli
"An Irishman nud kept oat of poli
tics?" I asked.
"I kept out of polities until I
thought I had some show nad theu J
wiiit in like"
"Au Irishman," I suggested.
"Just so, my boy," ho admitted,
"and wo had it lively. 1 still retained
my Americau citizenship in case of nn
emergency, but that did not interfere
with my duties us n 'boss,' nu 1 a 'bo:'
I was, though I could not vote. At th.)
end of live years I ha 1 a tremendous
inlluence, n oofl'eo plantation, a pay
ing mine nnd u good bank account iu
New York City, whero it was safe. 1
was twenty-seven years oi l, uud u ris
ing young man at that no has a heart,
if ho is any good at all, und I was sonic
good, if I do say it myself. I w;;s not
much on society, ns that term pnes,
but I knew tioiuu of tho best families
in tho place nud visited them. Tncn
there were somo other families I did
nut vi.Mt, notably that of tho m:.;i
who was my opponent always in tie;
I'n Id of politics, lie was it rich old
fellow, with two sons tin I it dau ghter
Dolores, there, remembers her quite
well" nu I Mrs. OMrady nodded
pleasantly, as if she had no fears now
of any pretty girl anywhere "and
ho was u lighter from Wayback. As I
say J never visited tho general's
house, but 1 did meet hit daughter at
tlio houses of my friends, mi l of
course she, of all tlu girls I meet
must be tho ono I should fall in love
with. I don't know why ('lipid sends
his victims such lue'i, but I notice
that he often does. 1 had knowa the
general's daughter about a year when
the forty-seventh ri volution or was
it the hundred au I forty-;;eventli '!"
he nske l of his wife with a smile
occurred, and I was iu it up to my
neck. The others I h id manage 1 to
keep out of, but this one caught me
before I knew it, and I found myself
tbo head and Trout of ft li parly against
the Government. The only thin.; I
did not like in the aiV.tii' uu-t that the
general was nt the head ot the (hivrrn
itient party, and the general's daugh
ter was tho sweetest woman in the
world, and we were in love, general
or no general. Well, the s.rap came
nil' in duo coins.', and after shooting
tin to'.vu lull of holes for a week or
so, tiny scaring tho women and chil
dren into tits, 1113' side went to pieces
nil I ten of its lea.liug spirits went to
jail. From that point the transition
was easy to the Mtnnyside of a wall on
the uutskirti of town, nud early one
lino morning we found ourselves
grouped theio with fifty (iovoru
incut soldiers drawn vp iu line
pomtiug loaded gnus at us. Iu plain
L'nglish, it was au cxjoiitiou bee, ami
we Were tho gllCMs of holioi. 1 h id fixed
up my business u flairs iu tho few days
allowed me, and m there was 110 ono I
thought ns much of 111 I did of the
general's daughter, I willed nil my
property to li.-i, thus proposing to
heap coals of fire u the old gentle
man's heal while ho was niter mine.
Vou might think I was frightened as I
stool there bet'oro those gnus, but I
wasn't. Tr.n, I was a bit nervou;,
but I wasn't seared a all, and I insist
ed on facing tho shooting party and
giving tho command to fire. They
wouldn't let mo do that, though, nud J
had to face the wall with my back to
tho foe. I stood nt the heal ot tho
lino, about three feet from the man
next to me, nud waited calmly for the
e nd of thing). At tho first command
I braced inye'oH, nnd when the com
mand 'Firo' came I tried to steady my
self, but iu spitn of till I could do
when tho gnus went off I wout up iuto
the air as if I had bjcu bounced oil a
spring board and eamo down iu a
"ion weren't lulled then?" cx
olaimed my wife, in tho pre-einincutly
rational manner of nil women.
"Yes, madam," smiled O'tirady.
"Why, Mr. O'tirady, " sho begiiD,
but I laughed, and sho realized that
Mr. Otiialy was not as dead as his
statement might lead ono to suppose.
"Just tho same, Tom," I said, "I
should think tho nervous Mr.un and
your imagination combined would
havo snapped tho vittl cord wheu
those guns went oiV. You know there
nro any number of such east a well au
thenticated. You mu-.t have had strong
nerves to havo withstood this chock."
".-'uppose, Dolores," said Mr.
O'tiradv to his wife, "you t iko up the
story and lluish it."
"It is very simple," sbo said, with
nu nccent so charming that nuy at
tempt to put it into written words
would bo sacrilege. "You know it
was tho diitightir of tho general who
saved Mr. O'Grady's life. Of course, if
ho hnd knowu, ho would have died
with the others whoa the guns were
tired at him, but the (ioverumeut
uarty did not wnut to shoot Mr.
O'Urady, because ho was nu American
citizen, aud that might cause the
(levern neut great dillieiiltii . So it
wus arranged that the shoot tug party
was not to k'U him, us it did tho oth
er?, but to lot him cueapo tho bullet'.
It was a great secret and they thought
they would frirjhteu Mr. O'Cirady fc
much that never any more would he
be iu trouble of that kind. Aud nc
doubt they would have frightened him
to death, and ho would not havo been
in nay moro trouble "
"On earth," interrupted Mr.
"For," continued his wife, smiling,
"tlio shock wight havo killed him.
lint it was not to ba thnt way. 'i'b
general's daughter learned tho secret
nu 1 sent him word by n faithful ser
vant, nnd w hen the others wero lee
out to th ir death, Mr. O'drndy knew
that some other fate van reserved foi
him. Keen as it was, tho strain wai
so iniich that ho fainted away, am1
those who saw the shooting thought
ho was dead aho "
".So did I," nuiu interrupted Mr.
"And they wero about to put hin:
in the ditch with tho others," cjntin
tied his wife, "when ono of the ofllcer.'
reipieided tj send tho body to Mr.
O'drndy "hou-e. Thero ho was ro
vived, nnd in a few tlaya he had es
caped from tiio city and was safe oul
of tho country."
"And tho general' dn ighter, wjint
became of lu r?" asked my wife.
".Sho waited until limes wi re easici
for tho O'Oradys'" replied Tom, tak
ing up tho story ngain, "nud then ha
came back unde r nu amnesty net. In
tho meantime tho gcuoral had died''
"Oh, how glad I nm," exclaimed
my wife, in quite a rnpturoof interest.
Mrs. O'drndy looked nt her with
"You shouldn't sprVc s of ft lie
fath.-r in tho daughter's presence, "sir!
siid, and O'drndy netuit'dy laughed 11 :
my wifo's utter discomlituro. Wash
The I?iii:'sft tc Cat.
Tho cat wai a solitary roamrr.
whose companions wero tho trees ol
lU native forists-. It found n homo ir
the hollow trunk'! and safety niunnr
the branches. How do wo know thai
tho cat's ancestor wero dwellers in
tho forest? H-;causo every kitten
takes to it tree ns lvndily as a duck to
water. Also, because nearly all forest
dwolh.rs are mottled in color, fo that
they may not bj couspicuou 1 anion,;
tho lights uu 1 shadows beneath the
trees. While I was considering what
waa tho probable view held by cat
about hnmun beings, it was suggestoe
by one ingenious friend that probably
they regard a man as a kind of loa
motive tree, pleasant to rub against,
the lower limbs of which afford u com
fortable seat, and from whose uppel
branches occasionally drop ti l-bits l
mutton and other luscious fruits. Wt
may laugh at the theory, but it ha-.
iiiito a respectable string of facts be
hind it to back it up. If tin Kanaka'
argued from tho pig to the horao, why
should tho cat uufc pass from tht
familiar tree to tin unfamiliar organ
ism called man ?
The c.i I, in spito of tho domestic
character it has ac piired, is iu reality
tho least tame of our auimal servants.
As far in it- dutit t are concerned,
man has taught it practically nothing.
Its methods of pursuing rats, mnv?
an ) birds are all entirely its own. It
is indeed rather a wild auimal which
has taken up it! residenco in out
houses for its own purposes than 1
servant or a slave. North America!
Komls nuil Road-Making-,
The Irish mile is yards.
Portugal has 2 )d ) miles of roil 1.
Sweden has :;,i,20i) miles of highway
France has :'.:!', O.J.) milesof highway
Tin m.ilern Roman mile is K2
' Ilollaud has 70)1 miloi 01 publii
In dcrui'iuy thero nro 2()."),0.1J milci
Norway has but 1 l.SuO milca of puh
The Austrian Empire has 81,001
miles of rou l.
t'uuad.i haa G103 miles of roals nn.l
The English idatuto mild 13 17df
Austria is bail ling roads nt tho rati
of l(lii,000 mile-, per year.
The comparatively small kingdom o
Italy has 51,000 miles of highway.
In many parts of Europe- river out
canal routes nro legally regarded a.
Little Denmark is n.lmirnbly pro
vided with roads, having liOJO miles o
According to Mulhall, thero are ii
tho United States 200, 103 miles o.
Until tho beginning of tho uiuo
tcenth century nil traveling iu Irehtuc
was done on horseback.
The Roman roads, according to thei:
importance, wero from eight to thirt;
feet iu width.
II is Sweetheart Knew Him.
A Maryland man got iuto ftroiiol
with his employers aud lied. When 11
a safe place he grow a board nud nl
tered his personal nppcarauce iu othe:
particulars. Theu he returned to hi
employers and said ho was a brothe:
of tho delimiter uud wnuted to setth
tho case for him. They wero about t(
comply, when his old sweetheart, vh
was employed iu tho place, eamo ii
and recognized him. His arrest fol
A Swallow' sviirt Flight.
An untamed swallow, which had iti
uest ou a lariu near Chetwyud, ir
Shropshire, was caught aud taken iu 1
cage to Loudou, where it was released
it relumed to its nest in eighty 111 in
utes, haviug accomplished a tlinftauci
of 1 15 miles nt tho rate of nearly tw
miles a minute.
FOLKS WITH CIAW8.
A fjUHKU COMMl'NI l"V IN WKijT
VMS N ICW YOKU.
Its Moiui-cr.i Have I'eet mid KltiKcrs
'.lice I'" :i ' i-s I'alons They Are
Intelligent ami Tliflfty-A
I'u.lc lor Scientists.
ON the Cnltarnugu3 River, near
tho boundary belwicu Erie
nnd Gattitraiigtis Counties, N.
Y., scarce thirty miles from
the busy, bustling city of llullalo.thero
live a number of strangely deformed
people who nro- knowu iu tho vicinage
ns tho claw lingered or claw-footed
tribe. As tho appellation would in
dicate, these peculiar folks nro nllliet
ed with tho oddest mii'u'ormatioiis of
tho extremities, causing their hands
and sometimes feet to more closely re
semblo the claws or talons of some
huge bird of prey than the normal ex
tremities of human beings.
Thero are several families of these
quecrly formed people living iu the
fcnttorod h unlet which bears the bib
lical title of the Valley of Zoar. The
title seems a misnomer, for there is
no Sodom or (iomorrah adjacent to
thieathen the destruction of tho con
tented villagers. Tho Valley ot Zoar
is located in one of Iho moat pictur
esque spots in the State, nestling, at
it dous, in a hollow of tho heavily
wooded hills which form tho "high
bank.-j" marking tho sinuous course of
the swift running waters of tho (.'utta
Here, in almo. t abs-.dnto seclusion,
the ehiw-liugered trib . live and work,
without exciting special comment.
I here are in the neighborhood of fifty
individuals iu the community upon
whom the deformity njipears. Think
what a feast for dim.) museum manag
ers they must present ! Yet they are
good, honest, law abidiug, iulustri
ous citizens, who calmly pursue tho
even tenor of their way, happy and
contented iu their frugal lot and sim
ple, old fashioned houns.
The remarkable malformation is not
confined to either si x, uud is evident
ly of a hereditary leituro. The unfor
tunates are perfectly formed men and
women otherwise, of average intellect,
with a tendency toward square jawed
features and undersized stulure.
Whence tin y eiuua and at what perio I
they settled in tho v.diey is a mystery
which not even the oldest inhabitant
According to tho Iegoud, tho founl
er of the family was named Joshua
Robbiiij, tyho eaiui; from New England
1 ariyfiljho century. Iu support of
tliis iTiU-iileut, tbo aged Indiau showed
a well woru powder horu of ancient
pattern with the above name roughly
cut iu its side. The Senecas at that
time traveled at will through tho
trackless wilds of nature's phiygrouud.
A baud of Indians had started on n
big hunt, when a snowstorm overtook
them end they cueamped in tho forest
on the uorih bank of the Cattaraugus,
below tho lower limit of what is now
the reservation. Suddenly aeiaw-lin-gered,
claw-footed man, mounted
upon a we iry, bedraggled little pony,
role into their midst, and fell ex
hausted at their feet. He was imme
diately seized nud bound.
When his peculiarity was discovered
the Indians quickly release I him, be
lieving that ho was a magician or
medbiuo man direct from the drent
Father. Ho was taken to the chief of
iho village, Dowaugo, who installed
ft i 111 with great honors its head medicine
iniiu of tho tribe. For many years ho
dwelt among them, aud all sorts of
miraculous powers wero attributed to
Arlaetjtia, as they called him.
v Or his antecedents the Indians
learned nothing, though it wilt under
r.tood that ho had beou jilted by his
myi'i t heart becitu-o of his deformity,
liiing of a sensitive nature, he had de
termined to hide bis misshappen
hands nud feet iu the solitude of tlio
v ildeine-s, Finnlly ho disappeared
from tho Indian camp as suddenly ns
he had appeared, uud they knew him
no more. It is believed that lie dis
covered a community of pioneers, with
one of whom ho married and tettled
in the valley uow called Zobt.
Whatever credence mny be placod
iu the indiau tradition, certaiu it is
that tho claw lingered people havo
been seen in tho valley for threo or
four Reiterations. While they nro not
ostracised socially by tho rest of the
community, they nro lookod at ask
ance by their 111010 fortunnto neigh
bors, uud a strong prejndico exists
ngnini.t them. Inconsequence, there
is much intermarryiug, and this fact
may account for the perpetuation of
iho malformation. There tire more
ih iu half a dozen families of Rob
biases among tho aillictcd ones.
In some instances, their ringers
euive in, separately, like the claws of
n oaglo ; others have tho digits growu
fust together, und somewhat curved,
und Homo have been known to have
bauds like stumps of arms, short, thick
nud square ended. Sometimos only
ouo hand is alVeete.l, sometimes both.
Again, both hands and feet may be
claw like, or perhaps tho right haud
aud left foot, or vice versa. Some
children, horu of claw-lingered parents
are normal nud perfectly-formed.
These have, iu some instances, married
ether members of tin comiuuuity who
bore no relationship to tho tribe.
Upon the arrival of their offspring they
havo boeu shocked to find the malfor
mations ot the grandparents in baby's
litttle pinks hands aud feet.
Tho disease, if it may be so callod,
seems to bo hereditary through
either father or tuot her, thero being
apparently no rule to tho contrary.
Ouo of tho strongest nnd struugest
chanicteriutics of the deformity is tho
unique prominence nud irregularity
of tho finger nud toe joiuts. The liga
tures between tho bones become
knotted nnd hardened, losing their
ebiittcity, causing tho joints to be
come etiiToucd, generally in a curved
position, ns though ofufiel. Ojca'ion
nl!y the lingers nud toes tire devoid ol
tinils and the member presents a rc
Owju ; to the fceliiiiion of their val
ley home but few ontsiderj have wit
nested tlieao strange freak ISeMUso
of the inaccessibility of Zo ir they an
nlmost completely cut oil" from inter
coiirso with strangers. Notwith tand-
ing their deformities the elaw-iitii.;- r. 1
foil; maim, e to support themselves bj
cultivating tho clearing t male iu
their woodland home.
Their only visitors r.ro the few In
dinus who come from tho re ervatior
to barter their Wales iu the form 01
baskets, inocensius und fancy bead
work, nnd uow and then the passing
of uu unwelcome traveler throng!
their secluded valo. New York Her
Odd Ways of rrernriii Water.
Wutir is procured iu various tviyi
in different parts of the globe. The
explorer Coudreatt, for in-tnnce,
found some time ago, w hile wanderiii'i
among the Tiimnc-llumai Mountains,
in tho western part of duiaua, that it
was not necessary for his men I ) de
sceud to 11 creek when they t anted 11
drink of water. A vino, known as tin
water vine, is found all through that
region. It yields uu abundant supph
of excellent drinking lluid whcnovei
it is cal'od upon. This vine gl ows b:
a height of from sixty to ninety feet,
It is usually about us thick in tin
111 pi r part of the human arm. li
winds loosely about Uvcj, cin'iib: r
up to their summits', and th' ti I'.i'.h
down perpendicularly to the ground,
whore it takes root ii,,uin. Tbo mi
tives cut this vine oil' tit the ground,
and then at the height of ubov.t six o)
seven feet tiiey cut it again, whicL
leaves in thrir hinds a very stoe.l
piece of wood a little longer than them
selves. Iu order to obtain the sa
they raise the lower end of the vint
upon some support and apply tin
upper end to their mouths.
Six feet of the vine give about npinl
of water, which quenches thirst a.
effectively as water from tho most re
freshing brook. Tho bnshmen ia tin
Kalahari Desert often live score 1 o'
miles from places whero water comet
to tho surface-. During a certain purl
of tho year sharp storms pas over th
Kalahari, covoriu; the apparently
nrid region with the brightest of ver
duro uud tilling, for a few short days,
tho water courses with roaring tor
rents. Tho biishmeu know how tc
(hid water by digging in tho bottom;
of these dried up river beds. The?
dig u hole three or four feet deep, nu ;
aud theu tie a spouge to tin end of 1
hollow reed. The sponge absorbs tht
moisture at tho bottom of the holu
aud tho natives draw it into t!i n
mouths through the reed, and t e i
empty it into calabashes lor future
uso. In that enormous wa.,to kuowi
as tho dibi Desert, uorth of China
shower.) sometimes fall during tin
summer, and tho torrents of a day lil
the dried up water courses, throiigl
which water seldom ruin. It is it
these channels that the Mongols di;:
their wells, cxp etin to Hnd 11 little
water, when upon tho surface of. tht
plateau itself the soil has lost til
traces of humidity. It is owing k
tho fact tint a part of the moisture
falliug -luriug a le w r tiny days is thus
preserve I within imj'j that it is pos
sible for cir.ivaus to crois tho desert.
New York Lodger.
('(Vim Fi'iim Itnizll.
North Rrazil, which furnishes thi
world with most of her rubber at pres
cut, is now preparing to furuMi thi
world with cocoa. The Peru cocoa i
preferred to till eth-.r kiuds by thi
French chocolate tniii.ufiifturns, ti
whom the entire production at pieseu
is shipped, except somo smali p tree:
consigned to Hamburg uud New York
nud yet I'tira is uuable to supply ha'
the needs of France. This, eo -oa ii
more appreciated than nuy other a
equal pi ice, tin; skin being lighter am
less subject to break and the paste ab
sorbing more readily theperfumewitl
which it is c.istoinary to iiupregnati
Tho Rrazilian Oovermuenf, with 1
view to stimulating find eiicouragiuj
the increase of plantations uud iin
provemeuts in tho prepurat.ou of co
con, has reduced tue export duty frott
ten to four per cut. The tiatunt
couditious of l'ara are mo d favoraldt
to the production of t !ii - commodity
Its cultivation, which can bo carriet
on in all parts of tho State, presenti
no difficulties, although it requirti
careful tending. The plant taken U
yielding three years after planting,
and continues to bear for from titty t(
sixty years, it being necessary merely
to keep it clear of weeds and othei
vegetation. Two crops a year art
gathered, that frcm May to July li t
ing more abundant. The only trriii
blc in the cultivation of cocoa js tht
insulUciuQcy of labor. -New Y'orl
Since tho year 1M), v. hea Congress
first aseetnlded iu Wadiiugion end
passed nu net appropriating the sum
of i?30.)0 "for tho purchase of e ich
books ns may bo necessary," some fifty
different libraries, says the Washing
ton Tost, have been established, nad
the number of volumes has increased
front dOOlt all the Congresbioual Li
brary contained up to the vein 1811
to au aggregato of more than l.SdO,-
000 volumes, exclusive of pamphlets,
Halt e ot the Stitu lanf.
Tho buttle of the Staudard was
fought at Northallerton, in Yoikslnro,
iu ll'JH, betweeu David I. of Scot
land aud Stephen of Eu . laud. The
standard consisted of four conse
crated bauut-rs, fastened to a mast
surmounted by a pyx containing the
host. Tho mast was mounted ou u
cart nn I taken iuto th.; centre of tho
battlefield by tho English.
PKtttllSTOIMC AMMAt.S I'TiOM
ilMO HOt it li; 3.
Honrs of Monsters That Existed
I limitless .lues Ano Iti-covi-reil
Alter Long n.id J'irr.-o'iio
Search An I -xeit ing twites!.
PROFF.SSDll jr. I'AlR'Jd ILD
O.-born, Oirab.r of Vn tel rate
IVh oi iio-'v in tin,' Ainuieau
f. Museum id Natural J I i -1 r.v ,
contributes 11 p ip r 0:1 'Trehist irio
Quadrupeds of tne Hookies" to th)
Century. Tiie article is 1II11 -trHed
ley drawings by Ch.ii le. Knight, g.v
mg careful n.c instruction 01 the-o
strange ben sis. I'rof'-s.-ir Kboru says :
Before describing the aiiiu aid.; Ib'in-se'v.-s,
we may tt-.ip to note what our
present kiiowleliris of them hi c st
1:1 human slvill und en lur.ince. Every
one of these pictures is dnwu from a
comph to sktk-ton U' vr.t out of the
s;.id ruck, mi l each of these sle!et-.in
I'" reM lits years r.u I years of ar loom
exploral i'i'1 in v.liie 1 Wt.rtmuti, Hit
ehcr, I'.-t'-l. e:i, nnd others lent out
by tin A'uef'c 111 Museum, by I'r'u -e-toll,
or by Vide, have l-ecm !;.i:').; .
Our party fouu i the Titanuilicrc in a
i roil ing alkali c.'.'inn of S- 11 1 h Dakota,
It-, li -a I was prol ru !i :i r fi-eu a lerd
s-,U ! tone ciiil, r.li 1 the rV-t, limbs,
und t:Mnk were '!ii-vh 1 out by t ie
rni.'i en i.-r rtt 'e si; l! r ,!. i.-h lo v-
ere I lil 11 '--I t-'i.i;'- ' ! i't'i
i!.. !'. s. '1 '. ": w. 1 e :,.e.f.; I to
dun': that she wt.oi- Iv.e.t h i i b.vn
lii;l.. I 1 1 :i Mail liii ; pini'Mli. T'.! 1
w.n pru'.ab.y the c-::s eriiiiady, lur.
su-i 'e'lly i'.-'-y :!..' uei-i.'-i 11 fattit ; it
nop af'.l I'i'i'. the bin I li.nb-. li.t-i b.e i
h- ,;! avv.ty ; and ii r-- piir.i.1 two yeiiri
More s.- tl'.'hiiig bei'oi 1: bone to;' uu uu
ieial of n eorr-'.-p'Mi .mg ni.c w.-ri
set ur,1 '. E.-ery other s'..e'i:toii li n
its own story of dtcr. nidation, dis
appointment and nliroiise.
file old lake iuisins, oueo ou sc 1
lev. 1,'i'tn.l enriched by the uois1, balmy
w ind-i of the I'aei'ie, nr.: now elevate 1
troi.i four to live thou-iiu 1 feet. Tin
only redenitiiug leature ol their pre-t-eut
tisp.-c: oi a'ii.-:-d:ite iiarreuue-is it
that tho it'i.-ene.' of vegetation leave)
the oil graves an I burying ground:!
bare. Fo-sil iiones an t skeletons are
noi jilentifnl fur fr.eii it; but a
trained e e se. a ,;r it dlau ?e id on ;
the baro j;til!its', eiiil's au I e innu,
and your ilai'y sent. able of liiieei. to
twenty miles eii-tbies y. 11 to prospect;
ovirava.;' stretch. 'o;t are u!V iu
m irniil r, sti'len : 1 by :t Ir n!y liig'if.
You know by sad experience that the
id' ill tlie ba-ill-i do.'S led ptMlllit' :l
c.ii.l da . Your ba.'kboiii: is it id
!; e.-'.ii;-.; while th. in i i!eiin ! br.n!
i.U I b'.l-ter your si. in, au l yoll ::re ' !l :
ilViU ; i luii.) Hiiii'lll n'' t he i anions .I. --n-rt
served by the .l.i'-aiie-e n h t
ru t nil!:.. t:t, und i-m wiihin. Vuiir
.rail 1" .'in-: on the upland, which may
a: the a.'lllil levii oi' the old lako
biittom ; nu I tt i i. waiking througu a
graveyard, oti 11. ve'' loek for bouei
until tlie laud brea. .; aw.i.y by erosion.
Wh' ii you reach the edge of this
uphill I, you look oil into a siu of rock,
lomeltnies wild beyond de-criptioii,
i lid Vou piil!;.:e dow n the slopo t.) u
t ertaiu level. Then you foll-jw this
1: vi 1 round and rouu 1 und in nud out.
lit re you are ou a seam which bears
fossils. Above and belo.v it are other
similar fossiliferom seams, nud be
tween them are barren senilis where
you will not find a bone if you neareii
till dooms. lay. This level, p. reap-,
represents the delta of a great moun
tain river which -wept the uniuia'sout
with eoar.-e sen i, pebbles :ri 1 debris.
Sometimes V1..11 wall; miles mil nib--,
up and down, day a ler day. mil s..o
nothing but common turtle l-one--,
which nro so di .vol ive mil ieinpti;i
ft a oi-l inc.. t'et' th-' :os ii him'..-.-pro
fail 1 ly !;'!; li.. 11: a ide. Tuii:. i
lire fount ev'i ry .'. e. . ve b, e.i.i -e they
.-.W illi oul, b.:-.e.l 11, til' :u;.sin;.e M
tu-: ialiil thi s, an.' o. !-:.::. by .-.iu'.; 1
t:;e b it turn, while i'ee earca-.-e--. el land
nuitiiitls were leni'.-d in the ileit is o;
in sn eh a iossil-b-i! reii land tl.eh-.'iit
S'eeiii.i twice ii:; tern.!, 0:1 the InUlc:
y r lun ch's nnd back ache double,
your tongue lies parclu'd Irom the
last, gulp of a'.kali water, your soul
abhors a fossil, and longs lor the
preen slut lo oi the East, nu 1 the water
melon, when all of a sudden, a liit'e
projecting l one str.kes your wearii-1
eye. Yon fail on year knee., an I
breathe gently on tin loose sand; a
l'.tlle scrapie,-', un 1 you see the sign)
of a s'..ull perhaps of some missing
link. Tho thrill o. di-aMverv spre.i Is
like i;u elixir tlirou rli ,1 our iv tni-e, an I
t wo or thfi e hour . later, after care
fully cutting out the prize, you wabt
vigorously I -a.'.; to euii; ..very inch a
Tins fossil-hunting is a li fo of vteis
tiludes and emotions. l'ao to.-sil-h'li.ter
is pr-.' b Mined t.i Lis work, like
he sportsman. Me nturaa l':i:t ,u
the autumn, vowin..; he will never go
0. 1ek to the I'al 1. 111 1-; 1 nt ns the fa
vorable Months 1,.' : pi'iiig eo.iie re 11 u. I
he becomes nn.:.' and i.ioie n sth -s
until he ii oil. 'J'li country that ism
l ot as Maoes, Wilier.'. I by tagunui a1-
1. ali p ).'.:, is id:ui..l liivariabiy the
richest in fossils. Mere, in fact, ns
yi.n lied the gr nlest variety nil t limit
In r Oi belli s, you en a y t iie moid ie
l.ghtful iligbt's of the scientific tmngi
nution; when pnrcliel uud burned,
you conjure before you the glories of
the; 0 niiet; lit hikes.
tt iv lie ol id 1 Age.
Only DOlS persons in 1,000,000, ac
cording to medic;. 1 authority, die from
el 1 uge, while TJ00 succumb to gout,
IS I'M to measles, '.!7iM to apoplexy,
VnoO to erysipelas, 7."n) to consump
tion, -ISO ' to seirle! fever, 25, 000
t i wh i-ipiu ; c.e.tgh, ;l0,0)0to typiioid
mid typini', mil 7'.M I to rheumati -u:.
The nv- ra ;im vary a:, or "ling to local-it.-,
but these are considered prttty
aeciir ite as leg. e Is tin poinlntiou of
tue g'obe us a who'e.
You see no pomp of ctroiitiistnneo
No entourage of pride,
5fv lowly si'i'ining to enliuiieo
As I wall: l y y.ur side.
Ail liny, at ulln'r-.' Iie.-li nnd call,
Jly Weik 11b-. 'ill'.' t- ilone,
lint '-ii' aiy ; 1 1 : 1 1 . ' y g.-u-nn'iits ta'l
Wlie-i .' -::ii- tin- set 1,1 -e.ni.
V- u ":: . iy le.l 1:1, 1, -,v it, M'-ii , I Hi He'll
I, '.v.'i'i.in' lo ynar si.le,
1 er . ,.,:, I pfr.-.l, liiiigof lil-U;
I.--! le-ae j 1 1 v si itte .l.-riile;
r nhea I turn my own i.il -li-Uey
y wif-' is nt Hi.- slair,
'XI:. ' baby ela.-s 1st IiuilU Willi gle",
An 1 J nm r .yal lli'-r-'.
PITH AND POINT. '
'What in toe wol!d broke Ihirko
("own? He U-ed lo be the iiieturo of
health." "1I1: reeiipcruted too I mg
u; Ijc seashore." Detroit Free l'rca:;.
".':-.:: v .jiaiiei the inare g..'
,'.'i: 11 i v wi a !.. to sliilco
'J'l.e 'an -y 'if th" Klieellllioi,
"il a... j :i:n'.'' i the bile'.
"The o'll, r r. l.ian pels," said tho
1 r.rn-b d phiin 'o0ii.-r, "Ihe liar Itr ho
i n. is it to ;V. I serry fi r 11 woman
hose pug do j has died." ludiauiip
1 ii.-; ' i.ii'ua'.
,1 1 - ! :.-r.l'b"v a wi' .
I v . :'':! v.-.i! I : ii'ib.M.
1 .. 1; 1 . -i - r 1 I 1 --s .' ,
.' : h::.-1 1111 v.-nh v. " ' - '
"! r ie. T : v "Di 1 M iry tellyo't
'.;:; f a! .',.!. : i:i v-i 1 a hi-- when
iv. ri-!. e v.oo;-' lo j.iii'.'" Hon iu-l.avv
--' i y. ; :.li I i: was a great com
I'or.' to .'. i i i j I was u.v.iy."
Mr. V.1,1 eigh " 'b it would yon
line.'.; if I v.ei-t ) till you that I bill
been dviug b..- inch's for yml for
years?"' Miss Walll -l'. vo l "1 should
think it it v n very Hidden.-"
Hrooklyn Li e.
"What's the matter, ColUer.-loue?
You b ok bine.'' "filings luvo gone
w rmi :;. I se. 1,1 t ) be lodug my in li-vilutbt-."
'.'h..er ii.', old boy
be-t Ihing that colli have happened
to Vi.ll," Ciiicn.o lieeoi'-l.
Mr. Freshly "Did you hear of tin
terrible accident tii.d ocean e I during
tie' storm yesier lay -if . rn nr.;'.'' Miss
f.'ewcuiii-.'r ".vi, how distressing ;
ii it was i; V" ''I ho wind blew lip
t .. I'd;..'." Ciri'il'f.i-iua lli-r.tld.
The I. ir.l.' Ciiii.:: "1 think that
l:r,.,l be 11 i-i.iea li l boo':;, Aunt Jen-nil-."
"iVi:y do j ou liiMikso, il.urV"
"ib-eaiis.., v. ii en y.ei r -1 1 lb' an . -de
er.pti II in' tint I. d blight see: e. i
(.ot j'i-1 a- I. ;y n- I could be ,.1
ns ii it 10.'! v wis Mi Iin ht." li .
p.r, I' "
Ji.-risoii "J 'ie almo-i crazy. I k.u.
p. ieil.-r t 1 lay brok-'i', asking hint
windier he th'.ii :ht 1 was a tool, mil
ill . tiler one to M:sS Wil'iets, lldiilig
her I drive, :'iil I don't know which
of them this te'eegi-a 11 n fiom."
Iloberis " What 11.1 s it say'.'" Hell
Son "Simply 'Yes. ' " Host on t liobe.
"I wish you would tell in-', " soi id Iho
agents, who ha I long been ou Mr.
Slut e.-.'s I rail, 'bvii it is voir insuper
able objection t 1 in-iirin ; y.nir life?"
"i don't mill I telinig vou," reiiiied
S.iagg-. " I'he idea of being moro
valuable niter 1 nm ileal than while
I ui.i uiive i-i ilisbistjiul to me."
The artist knit his iu ow. "I w i di
to I'ietufe th.- IfTirne v. ir U a uiini'icr
twelvovi'.ii-.l," lie r 'in uk -. 1. "K it,
vvhelv.'TU till', e'.eni, i; iter liver t
bo?" ". leVJ e 01 m .the ro ..u for lh.it."
ligoiu.d 11: a dii "i w 11 Jll-t say
that he ii 1 - ii . 1... irt." Thus il is ( 1
be s i-:i ho-.- lli' ma-.-; a I v. line haul
j'i l.nli I. 11. roil- l.V ill-pose 1 to
j 1:1 1! ;t .1 .' ; i . 11.1. ! ' ': r eil J'ribtin '.
I The :.i-i i.' I.e. 1 I" e'l leding Hobn'o
I the 1; .0 t '.h.'i:::! .-!oie- ol hi; ex
, peril nc..-. 1:: ;h. w.'.t 1 , ending v.-till a
g.raii'ai e -.11 i of In iv i: b id oliee
1 been h s! u. ei I! ii I Mo. ml iin. "My !
It. lun -t hive b -en aw. ill," said I'.ob
j bie. "An I di 1 y.m I biek all right
' again?" ,; mi, iiobbie, ' returned the
1 fid follow svlcianly. "Nv. r. Fact
! i-;, my boy I'm out tietr yit."
j llnrper'e, ihtz.ir.
I A 'Iti rt 11 liui.l oi' hi five,
! Yes, sir, t'aev have the greatest
! tiribor on eaitii up in Humboldt,
j Ce'iety !' exchti in d S a'li .Moi'ou-tghy,
j of the Fnite.i St ites Mint, t a Sail
I I'raneisco I'o t man. "I'll.' trees uu
I there are so big well, I'm imt ;:oing
i to t.-il you how lug to y are because
' vol v.i.ub.tfl l"!:. ve it. I'ou'i know
I n-i I Moid I belli ve il myself, though 1
! do believe a wh-de lot i tell. Hut just
1 to give y..ii au i I e, n.nv, ?', tot
I liioi.'i one tree up tie ; e th.it made
I uoiiuli lumber, wiclo is un 1 t-liiugles
I to iiuil I n whole town mil fence it,
i nil . t he ' Ve st ill got los enough lelt
I to 1 -nt up a bud ling us big as tho
j I'ahiee !!.t''.
I "l'h 1 utt of the tr " vv.i lnllow,
i too, lor u'.ioat ii ly bit, uu I ns it fell
1 right i.-t ire uTo -s a t!ee gulch 111. y
11-0 I it li r a lu id ;o. Four horse
' tia:;:s drive through it. I!y a little
1 h wing out they can ln.iiio u footpath
i on each side of the wagon road
I ihrough it. Thai tree was so tali that
j v.ii. 11 they e-i:ti:r.;'!!C d cuttiu; it up
i t!i y had tee make two camps one at
i ei.'U en l?i r it was too lur for the
men wSilig 011 the too to walk back
at nigiS?Vl don't know what they
would have iio io if several hundred
feet ha in't bceu broken off the top by
the elements ceutnrit s ago.
"Hut that was a small tree coin
pure 1 to the "
Mc.'otiiig'.iy is telling himself about
that other tree.
V Xijrlei tiel Crave.
The grave of John Fitch, who first
npp'icd htc.ru to navigation ou West
t ru rivers, is iiuui irked by any stoue
in no ol I cemetery iu Nelsou County,
IIJiitt I I IIII1IUIIM