W :!.: . ; T '
: 1 i '
' t. raKAiit 3i higher salary than many
iff the Governors and other higli ifficera in
several States dot; M I J 1 ' j
Another office specially createq is that oi
e , Stnithsoniaa)agent, witha saary
' 3,000 a yeariand TurnihthacJnven-
".'-i : J.. r i - -i;: . U w i h i n p to v I s-
lenisoiouru iur v "-.. vtt -., . . . , -
iJ LoiHlpnThe,dinie of this pJacp;migbt
Melt have been discharged i by jbjuinary
Arreipondenef, but at all eventsj:bey are
itch I could justly be require itlh?
J&rYda of our recent Minister Jndon
ltarJnotba overlooked thal KichirdjRuali
U8S Sectary flf tlie (Treaury;, and. re
iiveti the censure jahd coriderjatioaF
&e Retrenchment ;CorhmiUee4f :mI lyt
rpirfltnchment aiaiid at - that
on this floor r jhenerer
day.to account tor this.J The committee said of it j
The e ciency of thjsixraoch of the public aemct I
i'c in' diiion htebl v' lm Droved and improTlOff.? 1 . 1
Mr fir.t remark on this is. that th Post Office
Department passed into the- hands'' General
Jackson in a healthy afcd eflicieot ,Glb LA few
years, under his reform, redaced iit to chaos and
insolvency The. diails of ha mismanagement
have been long since; ;pruved. Ths evidence; is
on file here- and in ijieenteV with fihe reports
of i he several committees, appointed to investi;.
gate its abuses. I refer. : gentlemen to the fi(esj,
and not dwell on tbvjarrous abuses JWhicH were
designated land esl&HUhed, The enormity, coup
led with the tact :'ct ihe borrowing money"oti
public accoant by th postmaster General, wjiby
out law or authority; alarmed the country. U But
bad as all ibis, was, In used, as ih pecuniary
patronage If been, ltd confer personal benefits.
iV- r u . ..'nhini! to the foffire of on favorite boul ii be disV deH-and;! insolvency
-ri 'I'wlil leave it for tbeTVcrtroenl, betaide apparent, still the
ti c-SmitbsoBraagentjI U been made of the apf
o hers to apply wftatahc chaitwan dl lie L,ioI ,-lrnn ifcLWidi&lAa; arid nei
vet Will bf.: The orient. Postmaster General,
tnoe Keodall, tells ftis iri his j account of the
; . Committee on
J' ii 1 -M U M WZm u m I w mm m w w m . i v: . I .
i - .Jofr, ; tr he filled.' cven la ' zealou,
mrX cqnatanti and fithful frierM is mpelled.
tofyielOl to a'rnushrom apostate .ijutaij ary.
fiare been purchased but y estehlay j
!, Le t us hext compare the -Navy ll)epai;crnent.
4'Mr. Southard who w5 a Ssecrelary qftf $!? Navy
faVlB284 employed in his depaj(rjnt seven
Iclfka; besides, thebief ckrt. iTrte6aUry JT
tli; Secretary. and trie compersiun of the
elrls and rnesscnersl amoured .$I7250;.
T is Department has been JhojJ for mariyl j years,
arld-ls still manad byJM;fDiclceri4H y ho Mas.
a member of the cominteip in ijie ijqdate from
rip vom catpe tiatfanKuts report on eiUti t e pat-
iro lage to rwhich 1 6it referred. He eniojoys eight
pi -rks beside chief e'erk ; andj jhis ; salary,
? v th the cothpetisation if his clerks irtd roessen
itr, amou'flt to Al8,8a0. And, aiti lth very
; session, neoemanas ,inior cierhs,i:f u -
' iv ' crUse in the salary of axnis.oftho$ef44:'ialready'
! ' i -iThe cimrniltee censure Mt Secretary iSoath
arp for unnecessary expense in 6ubi:jyn for
iJWspapers fbr the Deparliheut. 4Trbjrptcify,
Jn.-4 appears th'at.VJr. Sretary I)ci4er3ob has
,v1fniledi far newspape and 'Jusliiafbie cooks
Uierituro.ofiihe tioaes,'jn oisi jjeajr.lpear
pij arip including' jsiiutU'r expeMe8tof?Tihe
vy Board, fiear 950.
Vhe committee also Cjnderaii lliei
ire. We fin
ra cletk hi
find Air D
c kec son not
jr empSoyinij three extra cjefks, 1 .ivhat is
m.ptrts dangerous, paying extra hi!
regular clerks iti -.tbet'. iJejrtirtuieik
atMb.a time, a; salary of $1,7 tip. bot
pail i-' for extra Services as c.rk,' 'the
Umid 67, making lire salary . $2
rei toil one f
to wttoiu is
ISO 67. h
i : nof this a lready mode ut jxrovidiog .'aljwi- a; fa'vor-
jThe cornmittce also specify the Mirn' of 466
8(51 as paid by the Drpartuient, in tftrte i yeuri,
llrpriti,rirvj, i.nd cndemft it as extraijriaarii. ,;;
.if 18i7 shows the ;Niivy Do
Tho Uiae Douk
the reformer, Bi
to have piid $9,557 ,22 for prinii
. f -t-. -v--.'-.' t- - 4.-- j . ' i ' T
.years J ' : str"" 4
t he committee aisrijerbrted that a
having no appropriate rulatioa 4othe jftaval ser
sum, var.iogiro(n.iuu to fcuu, w? -aim
sndod by the; Secreiaiy uf the favy i
:nase oi ooouHr fniSi oaicd ;mosii ol, i th
1 "T .1. 1:1 .
ig jn two
: i ;- ! -
- jvicB of tlw country, such as reviews,' cauzinos,
1'.. andj other, periodHjaif; MiUrauori anjdjf the'iaii
in ibla liiekture l letlayi? - This usage' was
of ta rs 'i bf 'abmr&ied4' Havii bet? ? biibf
leave to iieaida fvv 4ero$ frbm-M tedrfta
y ij 'Cite r son's coautieni expense atcouni,iur
,runrr nriienorv or Iatent TnTim.
dj T i iqrhern X,'trarv AfjnssenerJ
p e fourth of Audubon's fllirdj,"
J ebon's f ' : '., v-l
tfN -J, Ibdian Uiooyaphy,
- ' if 1 b Anriean-IJjev lewi
Ota) No. cf ;A;iierti;aa ScAeryY
i Here is a distdiv of ih fhinnnl
ri vhich JVlr, Secretary I)ii;kerson'indblges hiirai
sdj and 'his clerks, at. thfepuhhc expense. I j
wtn the Uefilleman from iew Yorkplr Cam
hrJenjj,)v who;. aidVd in?cpucocMnj Uie reporJ
Um which 1 have jnst qjod. would! intone us
wrjat appropriate relathmtjjo boksttid ;evievvi
raenuonea navo.,Mo ttie ,iavai I service??
fate destruction of tba depailmeut 6y fire, that
all the'books, papers, hnd files of the depart?
ment were saved, except the 'files1 fof the; ap
poinfment oIILce,' and-that these were destroy ed!
"a Wri the first six yeata of Geoera Jackson's
Administ raiion, about j 1 300 postmasters were
removed ffm ofil o-e, and , in ' most of the - cases;
without iUasoigQmei'of I any cause. - When
certain meibbers of tbll committees of the Senate
and House jappointeditn i833r'4,"to investigate
the abuses of that Department, attempted to get
af tbe fitesand coriesoqdeude,of the ; AppoioU
ment office1 with a tw ,0 ascertain and report
whether the reasous if for these removals were
prompted by high andfjast public cbnideratons;
or by mere party politijpal expediency,! they Were;
oenieu ine rignvoy ins neaa oi me wppariiunv
and by the friends-Ml the Administration, wbii
com posed a f majority m one of thesenmjtlfee !;
Was n y t t ri iViq u l ry jfust 1 -refer ybui 6ir,ito
Mr BentottHs famous Mport and bill providing for
the disclosure of reasons in -caleloE removal finm'
office, i X refervyou, Jir iSpejker, tbyoUr otn;
remarks! and to those bf your frjehdsj in the de
bate on Mr jS ;t under, esolution, whicJi $1 hae
already juod. ; .Bn above all, rreTer you (to;
thft remarks of the iliubtridus MadisoOy unriVal-i
ledlaVtf'ofa8 in the nowledp of Sthe lelier
arid spirit of our Constitution and 4at3, and in
purity andfthonesty Jqf purpose, c Area?Jy as;
1789, in the memorable debate on the power of
the jecutlve, la remote ffoui office, he not only
4niedhlr'0ht to eXereise'thtl poweT caprii
cioutnly, audi without assigning ade'taje reasons,!
but he thought it woul be such a bold asump:!
lion of lawless powfer that, he tlyis expre8ed;
himself : jl vvn it iian abuse-of power which!
exceeds my imagination, and of wbtchj I" can
form no rational ctmcepiion, ' ! ' '
But whpn-Mr VarJi Bufen and IIr Benton
both of whom were jan the committee whiofi
reported the bill to prevent the abuse of this
patronage.vof appointmenlcaine into power, this
changed UNtr tone, iriut'principles. liRetriovals;
frotn oifice immediately followed, and they tide
ny "any .obligation to a saiga, reasons ? Is it fiat
strange, toJ nay, is it lnoi mysurious, that,- in
the conflagration. of tb Post Oft-ce, the only pa.
peru ana nies uesiroyea snouiu oe inoe rejaim
to the exercise, if not jthe abuse, of the power of
removal from office the ?ery papeia which Che
Postmaster General refbsed to suffer jibe Cuhar
mirtges of Investiatiori-to examine ?J i I
I sard 4Ir Van Bured changed Jiia tne on this
subject.. I will at once jprove it. '.Iiepournal of
the Senate shbVs thai bef was one) of the Select
Committee; whq report$d the bilj already toferred
lev lie entjsredathe oflce of Secretary of State
with the commencement of General 'Jackson's
Administration. One f his first official acts
was the removal of a meritorious clerk frum his
office in that Departmept, and, a positive refusal
to assign any reason for it ! The gentleman fr'e
raovtd is now a Merabfr of this House, (Mr
Stade, tif Vermont,) a hp the voice of tho Peple
has sostained him whornlhe despotism of Kx-
ecutive patronage soagKt to destroy. i j j;
The manner in which this patronage is abus
ed, and the readiness arid almost telegraphic rfes
natch with which ihe wiles of nartv machinerv
tire felt thrbnshbut arid from the mofet distant
parts of theiUnioh may be imagined" aftet read
ing this laconic note, Written by MrlVan Bu-
stationary', ! postage, flice, clerk' hire; ifld all
other contingencies whatsoever." I! I t I 1
Let us 'see the practice. Andrew Stevenson,
our Minister at London is allowed for 4hese
tingenceifj including "presents lo mepiaj offi
cers andL fervajita of the Coortand others. n
hSsfpresentationl and at?Christmas,$a,p98 5C,
iii thespac4of abOtit year! Tha likefexpcn
ssjot rar)J r jail jour otherloreign ms&ioDs are" lu
corespondent ratio. JX - ; , i : 'I; :. :
jJroi;MThe g Out ffreigti ps
tiri wasltti pel rfducld iio' some instancesl " espe
cM'y )battH Maidrld, fo a charggj With lary
iVasftceliA! j Minister Pleoipteatia;ry has
ben kept at j Madrjd constantly, jand John I1V
xa'i oo iial injolnf ',;tlje, on. ja salary of Jf9j000, havi
ing also received bis outfit of the jsame am6unl.
A!n durioil ihelUsi1 session bf Cpnprresa aHjtf.
tempif was made to increase the salaries ojfal) oar
foregr iMiyisterJff f- yho cijuld have atjticjjaa
tedt h ii from; a n A d m i n is t ra t ion that . pr oclajfoied
m this fluOr. fat least one of its oowertul
floentialsnppohers.Uhelate Mr Randolpn: "who
ed .nd wtvat ne said receivea toe laupp ooauon
ofiH the bartyH-' ' : iV't' .!- ';;
i - 1
, wna:mans ihe uem
ine foiirlb of Audu-
neither of. the
ans ine uem One tourtb
-Vhy,-ir,l uuderstand that
van? nit? respqnsioiijiy,' as aiunii' they arreed
.w pivwo . llll beeust to" the people is theV
same; tt all comes from the 'public; cofTers.?
An( ine mode ol doing the thing pruvete trtat the
Secretaries felt tliai itsrexpediency and i propr
Mypere questionable. -I haveJ read sVibnewherel
nerBaps in : Sterne's works, ah incident which
ed.;- ! i-
3811 4 may, be justly question
Otber Herns' indicative nf riravflfrancd
or; favoritism, may be' seen in this con-'
li ngen expense, account of foreign mis-i
Zt"-V- f:u,lA f" no1 stopHo apecify ttiem f
,t in j i iouml that, ift the daysjof
th? 'lurching 4perationVandirefbrrrithid
a4!$gnamiuees ftf ihis House on t thei
expettdiiurts oflihelseverjil depaitments atJ
ucir ocauon; xsut very; i soon
0?rjfPJackoricarne irrto power, these
cdmrjiitteep'rjecameaoinmch S a matter iot!
mere ? form that the' chairman oT one of
Ijkcftred jherei thai during the last
fiw!re"!t,i',lewr evert thought it
WOrtll HIS .Willie to ennvpne hM rnm miltpe.
belapDeared Quite sitrnriseiL or at all
eent4 amused, Ithat anv inqoirvrwaa f'cir?rl
bectej to lie made in regard irt the eipen
seaft thai departments 1 ! HThta state of
things forms a strong contrastUvith the re
port triads there : io? April 16(28, by fir,!
Blair, of Tennessee, chairman! of the' Com
! mttteejon Public Accounts anxf Expendi-f
tures in( me stayte Department, lieypu
know, Mr. Speaker, was a Jackson refor
mer; like (he Select Committee, he found
every thing wrong,and promised to correct
it.j '6 purchase of bookajjhe emplby4
ment of a librarian, and manj other things
were eensuredleven the right to purchase
a print or likeness of Gen. Washington, to
Ihej -8uspened iiti the Department was
newspaper? makes for this De
by I its dtsuursing agent at home
'. ,'ISo long as members of Congress, an jf not of
tnsHbu$e;hly3rmtefl bowr, andjciipje,
apd ouck, and fawrijl and get out of the way It a,
piacpirJ jf filft, or lerid a helping hand,at a pinch
ing Vote, to obtain these places, I never wil 1 btn
sent;to enlarge the salary attached to thetn. .We
arp tjojd jthy t It ve ; at St Pet ersbu rg; and tftAto ,
and hat living there is very expensive. rVVll,
sir, who sent then there ? Were they fro pressed
sit ? YVeriheyF taken by a press gangoii Tpw
er hill, knocked Vown, hand-cuffed,, chuc cedl on
boatd of a tender, and :old that they mus trake"
the pay;; arid fbions which His Majes y was
pleased to allow ; i J . .
r Nwi t appeal o you, Mr. Speake, if themor
al application of these remarks has not tee6 jjist
ly jfejt n C?pngrjess and hot in tbisj House oily
or chtefly,": under, the retrenchment and ireform
Administration ?jj -' ( ' ' , .11 ,"
jj-lflrfottitfa precept of the reforming - porf .-The
crniiitel thought the mode. of " apppinfting tnd
compensatincr bearers .-of despatches i liable to
strong ol'jeciions prone to degenerate juto a ape-(
c,e off favoritism! little short of a convenient mode
of sending favorites abroad to travel forlheir pled
aure'.iheUlthy or inst ruct ion, out of ihie public of
IVacZice.rXhe President and hps Secretary
of Stile both Jackson reformers now take ifa-'ji
Torue cterK oi uio aiaio jLiepariraeiu woosef ai-aryi-ai
-the' timewas ar the rate of; $1 760 per
year,;6enq ntm jas , a nearer oi aepaicnes to ojexi
co, arid, fojr about ithree monthsservice, pay htm
--J "- tf!!" ------V Uf MVMBuren andMr FoVsvth changed with the.
is the translating clerk of that Department, lall i ne otatej i4epanmeni is now taiu ou iiuu
the; fajctsr of he case )eing stated in the reports gfnd divtstdps. When MrO ay had charge
or tnej Secretary, j, He excuses lb is ; transaction,
by ayirithat jtbe translations which were le
quired doting t Mr : Greeuhow's absence were
maae ai nis expense, u inigtu ne weit to ti-
queslioned.u How stands the matter now !
.Why, large sums of money are yearly ex
pended for the library of the State De pa ft
j i '5 - i' .Km.: ! 'i.f- ii 4 - .. .. ; !
urecertajnly unnecessary. M j
Besides tbo! purchase of vbboks, period
cals, and; ne
there was expended in London, during
last year, for aimilar objects, hear $500,
librarian as jemployed, at a salary of 1,540,
equal to that paid ;b the librarian of the great
public library of j Congress, j AI1 J,his tofc
air,:uoder, the auspices of gentlemen ;who
atq that, this part; Of the expenses yol that
Depart menti was censurable, and ought to
be dispensed witbt! as all ofliccrs of the Gpj
vernmebt jcbuld Well avail themselves of the
public library a the Capitql; Butj Jtfr
bpeaker. the ! times cbansed.!and Mt van
THE CURULE GUAIR OF KENSfNG- JXhisl
. i TON, PENNSYLVANIA.
Tho folia in tr description of. a uis;oUr and
curious Chair, (whosie materialsl arbj . associated
not only with the ; discovery, out soma ct ine
most remarkable oassagres in ihe : history f- our
country, w take from the Philadelphia inquirer.
This precious relicj redeemea anwFregeoeiaieo,
rescued from obli v ion and destiuctiiiD'? has been
placed in the Jiall of the Municipality of Ken-
i This Chair was manufactured I i4ensing-;
Von Anno Dotuioi one fhuosan! it hundred
and i hiit v- eight, by VUHar Srtyjder; of said
district, ."it wasesigned by John f. Watpun,
Esq. of Germantown, cominemwatji ve, Of stri
king events in the history of IeR$lvama.,-i It
is made of the fbllowihy interesting! jrelies pre
sented through the politeness of theljindiTiduals
whose qames are hereontoannf xed.if , j
1st. A portion Of nuhogany from Christopher
Colurnbus's house (the beam) near the city of
St. Domingo, built in the -yean 149$, ihe first
house built in Americai.1)y Earpjan hands.
Presented by John F.,Vatson, Esq.
2d. A portion of the great El larj l'ree, under
which William Penn fumed shisj'tfeaiy with
the Ifldiajain " 1 632 .. r-Th is'lreWiyj' aa j tj jWn--tinue
unbroken while creels and tiM'ijs run, and
whilejthe sun, moon knot star$ Endured.! The
treaty of oor lands was an afir icpnerh,) made
for William Penn, by the President if the
Council, Thomas Holmes, with' Shokpopproh
and three other sacbems, on the 30i . ofj July ,
1683.. The treaty was pledged without ari.ua in
and never broken, y'r, ,: VXj jj 1 ": ; w r
The great Elm Tree was blorrdown in; 1810.
and was ascertained ($y its graiji) to be 2S3
years old., Present-d byt Mr. John Vandusen9
of- Kensington.- ; ' . -. . . : 1 1 j ,J -".;;,
3d. A portion of oak joist, taken from; a house
in Letitia Court, once the home j ik William
Penn, and of bis Deputy Goveroorcol. hlaik
ham ; it was called a,t that iime.Pennis Cottage.
The Cellar is said to be first one diiin the city
OfBrotherly Love. Presented by1 Mir. Gjeorge
Ztegler, of the city of Philadelphia!. 1 X
.4ib. A portion of the, last of a kjrojqp ofi wal-
out trees, oi wnicn ine ooay cti ilo spnair was
made, in front of the State House. rJjlhey set vr
ed as distant pointers, when that hall; jo f legisla
tion stood far out of town there lhei stood : in
of our nation;, iaodi euivivtd
bt it, the blue Lnok exhibited a list ot a
dozen names, all tinder the head of clerks
One" of these acted as translator for the Dier
mflm.nl , rirl tii aolar it mai 1! 1RH nnnlr
1 WX'ffi?-:were "rltA M oaid! out the (118. and as!cbared wii
rui" uiai unw, auu wu v tiisu ii wuuia nov nave i . f i i ., i . s t . . (. ...r ,,n
ho. 4.xf .6 ti in Ai0Lntinna u A.i.rir.J the continaent expense accounts, and he
tne timei and let ine uovernment nav mr anv.i icwjcu ,u a icbi, uun dwu ia aii
translations which were needed. But do we not
h'erje tjbcliy ize what ihe retrenchmentre
port (bondemued in these words; "that an actual
incumbent! is! i considered io haver such a sort I of
the contingent expense
received EI 50 alvear.
this j simplicity and economy- forgotten !
The Blue Book of last vear! divides this
Department into a Diplomatic Bureau,'
UpQsuiar uureau,' a noraa "Bureau
no r r v in i no nini aa it cnorun nirvi nnr ltd i .is .
i. r;. , - i - 7 . . r 1 1 rnnc ainr ' rtrnncn cunru iq ii nii a miiq.
uted,.a6d id receive a prt of its revenues fur V-pTjM-'T . Y 7 Vrr
-,ig nothing f"15!
ArioUierMHustraliou of thistl'converi 18 irP". a -xveep,
mode of Kr-ndinir fnvnoriteR" ihrn?..!.' mit er of the Archives whose snlarjris 1,54,
most happily illustrates this transaction. As
recofket the story ; the Abbess of i4donillets
.v,ankJMararetta-i a hoyieej made ajjittle I journey
tvtaher in a vehicle drawn bv uiyli A? th
evetnw approached, they "were desertelf by theft
malcteer, whenVascending a :hfll. CTjie: mules
, presently oecame stuhoorni andUtoppeni The
J jrajreHers were"graily alarmed andjjy hhefr
dilemma, the nnvke said that tnere iWere two
;. certiin words whiolj she had beeniolj, Iwouto
fbrce these animals j on the moment they heard
then) ; but thn jhe woid3 were! siriful;The
novfce was urged, and she gently Whirled 1 bo
Word bou2er and Houter. Th tAKhiii-: in' ui
ii : . otsttess, turaed casqist, arid said they; were only
I ; :. , a vchial or sllghtsfn, which tnighk be; divided? ;!
jl.y and by taking ;blf, and leaving the fla'tior by'
;o ; tiktiigr alHand amicably balvfoor.ii! betwiit
yourVelf and anotbff person, wouhr become di--Ibtef
into no,sini at call! Thert-jferemv Tdear
M rati 9
lis- " giving ;tha4itchte ron fAoti.ifard
tidlthe Abbess drawled but ierbotfistill the
muies tooa. iheyo not uhderttandyusj cried
rMirtiarplf' bitt tho totl j .1'; . ;
s . , ; . . vw, Ddju nte A ooess .
s r : AndL 1 th 1 nk . JM t ty Vpt ?t t 1 1 i ; ii, . : j
i ... r w.Tr,.r " Hcocj.jtiuriqinir
eejeiarie theyjianrst ;
IT-;- the patent mode, M.otpiind': OHiiticarlv
l lift tit he rf eopt will oot be srult i4:nU KW s n-
proval ef an onMtbjmiijd x.tu4yfalv&4
By thif me,,I Wfyff 'ap(f (tt rt
devolves oai Hi k?erftlemah itn-u KJ .v...i.
CambMcnglhnly! t-i actQjilt f,r his
g against the theasuxe:ir regard'ttj theetnK
uion of 1a?efn!eH,h(Tt al$owhv ita! thatla
tcooem &f fief.rrm ihasitot beVh ihsw-
4n:el -..by. his5 f ricrils-i i J, R v J.. J -kmrl
ren, soun wt,er enlerinff on the duties of Se
cretary of State, to a gentleman in Louisiana,
V; Washwdtok, April 20, 1820.
" Mr Dear Sir. I have the honor oi acknow
ledging the receipt of your letter of the 21st u!t
and of informing you that the removals and ap
pointments you recommended were made on the
"?With respect; yobrtfriend, &c. Iv
t v '- W VAN BtlREN."
And, so far from rSeinbl willing to reduce the
nqmber of clerks in this; department, as i the Peo
pie were induced to believe would-be done, Mr
.van Bureu.iWhen called bn for that purpose, saw'
lue auuih aiwir mrougoja new meu!um,anu re
plied : My jopinion'isi Shat there can be no re
duction, in the number of officers employed in the
Uepartment,(or btatej without detriment to the
public interest ! And fyet the. Retrenchment
Committee, whfn Mr Clay was 4n thai Depart
ment, repot ted . ' that I they felt satisfied that,
had the ofiicer at its head concurred with them
in the opinion, they ' might have presented a
plan, for not only a gradual reduction of the num
ber of clerks,1 but for" an actual increase in the
efficiency oQheii labors ' . - -u
But other discrepancies between the rirofesslop
and practice pf these reformers remain to be no
ticed It will be found that, the report of the
gentleman from New Yojrk, '(Mr Carapreleng,)
and msrtends, condemned the practice lnjro-
duced by the becretanes of the 'Departments, of
sending the reports of their clerks or heads of bo
rfausr instead of condensing them, and! making
them substantially their dwn communication.1
This practice, if bad, has never been corrected,
hut is daily indulged ia by all the Departments,
as the answers to- the f tails and resolutions of
this UouaB abundantly rpw. But a still mjore
remarkable 'wrumehtiry follows. When the
ue partment or War passed. jnio the hands L of
Jjiin 11 .Eaton, a zealoitai reformer, he, too. was
called upon lb" carry otiujhis; retrenchment .-ajsr-t
Tern, aod resoce tnenomer orius' clerki, in ful
filmenf of the public neart-ctatiof), wbichf he and
'...t. t. .3 ' L:. J fl'ft' 'ii-i' . v-t (.
I'li.vis nau fxcHPO. jp inn snrprisfi fir tall,, the
rt f rred the vuhjct lo thd c krs themselves! and
" WAa Depacteict Jaj? 27, 830.! 1
Sig" t 1 l.ate th horlotiPto v nefore'Won ria
-.21. i l, I: " T.
of tlie public Iccffurs,' s found ini the same
iist oi ctnunffeni expnss ot loxeign in-
tenpojuse.j' .t allude" tjo the case of Mr.
CharjleSr Pfiitlle,!; who w.hen.. nominated $y;
Gen-i Jacjcloii' for a judgeship id Ftoritfa,
wak jejectetl by the Senate. 1 j
Afjterj this; rjeje;cti;on IrjBiddler,was dp 1
s patched; by! the. Executive to Centfal
nieriel i$M renada-i)i;-W hat aiervice he
Vendred0 know not; butit appears tliat
for; this mrjssinfan allcfwbnce of 7,122 95
has been made; Mrj Charles Biddle is
the, same gentleman whoihad a controversy
with Mr. Senator Grundj:, in which tie
devoioti oft the latter tii iGcneral Jackson
1 ' ! i ;;!!.! ... L : . ' ' js i
was questionea. j We learii by one ot the
nrinted documents occasioned bv that dis-
ntsteithat thelSenator, Ifdr the purpose bl
of prpvtiiig himsjelf to be! what is called a
and gives pno man &960 a ycr for 'pac
ng.. arranging, and preserving news
and printed documents. This
py that boasted 'democratic party
whichlaaect$ such holy horror at any rt
pearancd of what they call; anstocrauc
grandeur. ! II the I urk, whose letters are
ey fur v ' ;
at the O. : ;
had the j ;
time i!iti s ; :
and r'i r;
fence, so, i
been liar.;' '
f Whittle I.
chance, u i; ..
iing Tn to i
$ of one i f :
to admit hi;
a Spraker r. .
i I .
man, an.! I.
years siine? i
sum of n; n r
paid, he re;
thought Up I
erty, and t!. r
' to'--be made .
to public opii i
judje, but i.e :
' People l"r,
the case tit ,J
famous Gig !.
the I loose :
Klood and Gr
In 11. tf I.
Hied to tho j ..
ter of his f-u
the infant cradling,
pur manhood and independence, asserted, in that
roemorabU Hall of 1 ndependno4 before Which
they stood. v The last bf this gfoua as taken
down in -1313, the tiee was 1831 years old.
Presented by Jolin FVVatson Efihulr t it
5th. A poition of cane seating,' taken from the
seat of William Penn's chTir, uvv riS possession"
of John F. Watsan, Esq. f Gernnwrii i
5th. A portion of hair from the head of ! Chief
Justice IMarshalln the centre of ihe!ichajrnnt"
der a glass case! Presented by lililSVintamd.
ams of the Northern Liberties, and; procured by
Mr, William A: Aoore, uuderlakerj af)er his
'death. . - . ' 1 , ;-;U:
"i ?th. A portion of the United ..jSjatty Frigaia
Constitution. Presented by Mrj Abiraibam Pow
ell, of South wark. f ;
8th. A portion of the ship- Pennsyl
built at Philadelphiaand launched
Presented by Mr. William Snyder pf
9th. The 1$ stars, representing;
Stales, made of the different relics;
f in xtr.crM:
the 13 U.
i e w
found in Salmacundi, had seen this disul
oi utireaus j tn tue Diate uepartjuent, tie
woulnlhave been better justified in-his ad-
rmratton at 'the grand magnificent scale on
which these Americans transact their bust'
ness.' But I have vet to add, that those
who Cjuestoried the right of tho State De
partment lb purchase a print ot the in mor
tal Washington have used the monev of the
People to buy prints of General Jackson,1
and now of Martin Van Buren, for almost
evcryrooti in each of the Depaitments ! j
Mr Speaker, during this 'searching ope
ration1 and captious fault finding, every pet
ty expense of the several Departments wis
looked upon With open censure, 1 well re-,
member that an jtera of some! few dollais,
paid a laborer for destroying the grass
which was growing , between the bricks of
h Mr. Clay for the payed walk leading to;lhe!State Depart-
neasanis, who ment, was uejd up;to public view as, a piece
of aristocratic extravacance. ; NdW".
t 1 - i r . r . . . . . la
e nog; Jackson-man,' said lie Miad
swallowed thehclg not only wholo,but wrorig
end lremosti taking ijhjs' bristles -against
trie grain ; and nau gone all lor uen, uacR
snn's bob-tail, nomtnations,even to Charles
Biddfe.,:i H-r M - I !'Mh . : j
You May; WmemberlMr. Speaker, that;
great latin was ipunu wi
an alio walnbeltb! John H
was employed as bearer of despatches, and
set but on his; voyage, but being, taken ill,
I was obliged to abandon it, thuugh he caus-
r mr. tile rlpenjlKao I r Kr i o n Tul iloir.rkil
Jn th account, which I. jam now examining Departments such as ci
; we find the; sum $1,522172, paid by Mf ing the snow pflf the pav
I rurs; in, tine oecreiary pi oiate,.io n,iea-
zer Early sent with despatches' forour
uarge u Aiiairs at uogoia.oui wnicn were
UCII ucincicuj ,; A IIO, MCKIIOSS oi ivir.
Pleasants futnished no palliation, in tlie
mrhUa pfft(i4 relormerljfbr the i payment
made! to ntm,! though he caused, his de
The I.ivpffnnnl iirrpcnnndpnt tit
York Star has, in a recent letter, gtvenj a
of the style and talent of distinguished
in Parliament which, as leading! matter
the inquisitive, is not without interest!'
Lord John Russell, he says, is a very f ndif
terenl speaker. In tact, he cannotj; make a
speech without stammering and istuileajingl Of
all the speakers Whiile Hsrvey ; ij? theHinst
fluent. Sir John C. Hobhouse ;;(ly4Vafay
friend) speaks we'll b;it seldumj PuUret; Thomp
son drones out his words with.a rlasil tWani?
Which H nnpleasant. Btirdtti is fstijll aj '.fine
speaker put rarely opens his moutli iiow ; be
ther a rtad
is a fine 'crat.
Grey was ti v
to have' qui;
land, like C!. :
: I forcibly, tut i
Ireland, is a
sleeves; the i
rLondon anr; V.
6f eak, but . ;
ery td'ten Lef.
a partizan, I
t Prince. 1!
or him by In:, :
The Duke .:
ivery is very ?
The Dukp ;
practical ej t '
erable knov. !
rter. He 1.:. :
is rather defect
sides his ,arlkulatiyn, owing to tjie' loss f his
front teeth, is nut as-perfect as jtwas. j fPeel
speakswith much riattiness, but seldom, rises
beyond a dead levej,-; almost passion' in
ins jangoagg and delrvery. - It, is ..ibefWttuu's
manner ol his speak irtg'Whicfi' has j gained him
4he name of 'Sir lobertilatbh., 'ULrd tan-
ley's words gush out and over, llike a cataract J
He speaks with considerable rapidity, great spir
it and his manner becbroes very excised. ile
is best in reply.' flume is a very bald speaker
but much better than he was.' He iseldouii fin
ishes a, sentence, so that the reporters wjlio make
hiin speak English-are much his creditors. I O'-
ii . " i . : l t I U
suppose l.wcte to cite to you rnanv similar
and equally (it not more) objectionable
charges in I the present accounts of the:ie'
cash paid for clear-.'
cmentsjso that Mr.
Forsythneed not wet bis leet; &90 a quar
ter for labot, -$54 1 for sundries,' $l6 for
work,' without stating what labor or wor
It might have been for killing; grass, or rais
ing vegetables for the Secretary.! The term
'sundries' may conceal the same thing, and
ine curious might inquire what use wss made
x s to be safely delivered. Yetthese I of thei fire-proof paint for winch $78 ee
i.ier!"' o.tipiv rtvicAt ui iic paia oy ine oecretary oi stale. But the
alledgedi shipment of Mr. Early, to,lPa money is-Weli laidfbut, if it twill prdserle
him $311 35 for. expenses, $527 37' for the difice! And lit is to be Regretted that
clothing and $714 forgone hunted anjd the Secretary of tlie Treasury and; the Pbsi
nineteen days' compensation, at $6 pqr, master General 'had not made similar pur
day, thongh this despatches were hever-tlfL hiin tL A thi Lri--..i...;i
J. . - ! i . . i - ! j : r , 11 -w taw v oa,b 111(11 IVIJMCVIIIC UUII-
livered !1 ; : ; i- - r ' I .n. 1 Pu,.aL W jJ
At phir sarne timei too, Mr. Early ap- en aria half! doze nj are purchased for the
Ttk&lV !e" Tiv,n& a alary f Secretary of Statej who also pys a clerk
T'J i f -.i . V.' re uouse P goto Baltimore to collect ia jdrtft. An
ivcpicscuiaiives : i it would Seem ihatJ item of 100 n
I . inemse v wr.errty thcountrVi rnlt rt.
I J iwhdta5.prod; jtbehtlrtaf5rertp
V.,-fa rUtettiirt . Ont!hird af ih nrtmtnt At.lv;
... t - w. .!. - " ;r '
r . a itw!iw. vi. QLmtta at 10 ft nrtm
' s i v wrtll hAur -trxilr '... t.TrrvJJ ,: - - ' '' i'
I T V "c rosi. vmam UenarU
It . the liberal Poo Ofir,4,
;i ; called, hadltrieeid ofrtjnotnoit ulr
ratttee on Rtrenchmetil.i Kespectfullyi
"J H EATON."
; Ciarles' A. WtctrlrrE; Esq': -4 Tli
Ti,i.l, i L . -f - ; - ? ,J ' r
Mfwu so lar Ironuasrreeinff lo
win. atij ;tlt.r etCVlcktnnL ..f.V,
it Id itr f,,r
j . . i'Z -- -., f tin
r rlffP'J ended tbit farce f
-,w- r r s ma rf!rpni.hmin: rt
llrt that out dinw:iii -f. : .. "l
.7 v-.-.i- t".wtip riftauons and ;torei-n
irecommended a fixedkiinr.in,;,.;..! t. .i:A,-Li
tin?efices o1ach tujss ort ;-in cas. 4xce6fii
over the expenses of
.'lW? pry.Xh nl yfl Treasury ior the transportation of money t
is convenient moae qi st ndmp ! avor tea W hrr rv. L.i - - L
4hm4il In Iphbol 4n. lhAi. . 1 , . . I . I . &
i l i ' . P r . . fciiwit iMcasure, neailO, where transndrierfl fcnnw
, , ;, . J ' f "7- , , w w ..Wl.
01 iie puoic eo! last charge i is a
r. n P. i A.
icry.iVM ?. ! r I , j . 1 li1'-LUi. fJL .LU..
1 also Una that $2,515 are charged for instead of transmitting the'fundsjof th
kind of foretaste of thfe
contingent epensei of Wm. T Barry, late vernment byi meani kf the cheaale, and
Minister lo Spai'n. Now sir, hi is wefl rapid system of exchange, which prevailed
n0W,laf f?f Barry fcever reached Spairf, before Ihl banks were debauched' by Mr
X , r r j M,r,c' ,,e' ft course
receiied thejusual salary and ouifit ; and I
am afia loss )!o know what continent ex
penses; thcurredlby him, could" justlv be
charged to iheUf-S " i ; , ! 3 I
K Thfej appears, alfo, to have jbeen paid
l? 'WMfW'n 1836, 3.381 .41a
'comrnsationH tfc certain diplornatic serl
vTbegeritIeman at that itime, heh
the placeof Secretary of Legating af Sil
Petersbarg.with a salar'yf $2,000 a carl
audw the payment 6 hiar of threr further
Kendall, ihe public monev is now to be
wagoned over Jhe country at great expense
ana nazard,and always with delay.
all is forgot
Connell speaks very fluently h
thoroughly Irish; and his mode of, de
and earnest, bhiel, his great little
beT called the most finished orator we
He vacs ihe.vrry ptelry of proo.
is Irisli, and he has a piercing shrill
diminutive size is against him j but
ten when heparins into a subject.
-Sir James. Graham usually ti)eaks' well but
his speeches, if you hear them appear (different
from 4wbat" they seem ip print. Graham is a
seventeen stone man, upwards of fixj feet high,
and stoutly built, lie speaks in a ' ireble ! His
voice in genue ana laay-HKe, anu nis uutr uiai
ol.a petit mat t re'; i L 1
"Ebrd Palmcrston peaks very wdl, ibut .ap
pears to have an antipathy to'airiog liisjjvocabu
lary. He seems neveg to rise uuless called tip
on to ieply.-Young Disraeli has made onljr oi?
aiiempi in me nouse ana was .; uieji jrouuuea
down, but the stuff, is io him, and fjlfiHould not
vonder if ha turns out one "ot the bei;1 orators.
Bulwer, the novelist, is an elegant speaker, but
his manner seems affected, and fus Speeches
(like Shiel's) smell of the lamp.)tlir Vro.
Molesworth, leader, and Grote, make readable
orations, tut they areenorisot memory). (Jn a late
Occasion, Molestwoith gave a copy of lijl speech
lo the editor of the bun, to oe printed in the se
bond edition which usually contawvs that! j night's
parliamentary news up to tlie post! htittr. tSir
William had not the opportunity of commencitig
His oration until sftlter the post hour, bu( the Sun
was sent off containing the whole of itis speech
(actually not commenced when the $jua left
paijd;by the Secretary, of. the Lomloo) and pleniltully interspersed with 'hear,
sou rcvcrai oiutT voiuics arehmissfog lMm
??y brf ry. Pei-sons having inelnciwHL
l I -mm . w iviuill fttJwiU.
" . : if '! I i I . i
June 9, i8satrt6
hear. 'loud annlaose.' and so forth. i - Ii
Sir George Sinclair is an even speaker, sel
dom bmliaMt-ralwars ready and sensible. ir
Giir(Tft firifv 'ha? recrenttv come out on! the Gan
ada Question, is a' remarkably tameUibeaker,
-Mr. Spring Rice, Chancellor ot the Ehequ;er,
does not otten address the .House. He c4h speak
adlibitoro, as to time; but no one: thinks any
r thing of his oratory either its manner Ur mat
ter. m r. Abercromote. the 3 pea ter is a wretcn
ed bungler. His voice is bad, and he bams and
haws, at lass lor words. The Attorney General,
Camnheil. is a readv sneaker: his - profession
gives him readiness. But' lawyer have j seldom
succeeded in arltatnent. They cahy ibire ibe
manner and the method of the advocawl Jef.
freys made a dead failure He only made one
speech in the Commons, and that lell upon his
bearers like a wet blanket.: ' fl 1 ;
HiWakley; the surgeoo, edkor of ihe iljancet;
lis in admtrabll orator. Iluthe car.tijoi gjet on.
I jmean as'ltr becoming connected with; f, ad
miiiislraritrfw There is a slur niwn Jliilchar-.
- SJ aeter. Ttlis 5uubiiqnt is The Fire Jvtrrg.
is about one f
is a rerharkal! v
The Rich mo:: :
Ien's self c c - j
cimen of whic '
beautiful spe; : !:
have never f ;
it for convent; ;
rOtmh to bf c ir:
icnirbfort, r:s -
a in in ute. By ;
from theni j j !
when it ; insii
Wlth.a sulli( i : :
the cap. I As t
which are u 1 1
nijpple to. the, t!
the hand is nf-r
trigger to disc:,
The New 0;
gaged in the j
gainst fraud. (
appended to tr:;
in blank, ar.u :
number of IN i,
House of Rej r
one in which ii
cu)iar circum" -Gannet,
wfe, Debnrsh l
i t o i , in one m
anj served two
halving been s 'r ,
1.7j33: 8 he -tr.::
and her liufba:
th case jef v :
TJe. Dill passt j
' !i" - .
; fcCp It is
tliH eeent uri :i
Hin Emily C ri-.
anqa aught. r
high-mind (I ti:
fortunately for !
nooked,) was rt'
giobs rites i! .
was caneo -up'
but that they . f
startlers! to itr
for Bosbind and '
lately dfK S on.
Grinke lately h '
the rr.O't f oli;I
Goinjr to the.iS"'
Ao,'iiionisiT, ; :
of ajhigh ardcr, -modty.
eborirriiiies of f-! ;
i i ,
iier ijiajiu'iii i t
ties while the ":
linn j! lierirti r
ty Will be dec;!-
youiM-i-a ceit: r:
iuora.1 a on a u i . .
have discarded ;
his place at h
may render her
"J r-- T .
surprise us I sr !
cism tad Its, v i c i
A fretty 11
may 'rjecolU-ct in
ii4 .U ;. j';
1 J. 4 43
' , v.-v r --i;-"- ' :-: i,t H;;, ;f - , . - i
V i -J ; - - - j. s ... I
- ! - J, , 1 : i if I .