fi. ins M.r .inn
i'cnh f..rVluh.SubWant inprrm
!. tfiii iiri
i .i tr . .. i mi :..
he debate on uip vvar vuh in
m j:i odvaiirp.
,-irc for the first.
in. l,ourt Ur-
Vheciatc, on f uc5day, at, one time Mr.
HrresiilonN l f as imnosfciblc lorltic
i lJAv'fAr that preamble (ri Ihe present
i. ' 1.. itiforinntiuii as ut Would be for
U'Vp?t-L- a dagger, lo my heart ay
i-fiU prepared to aliir n sblemnly by
I uim TT. , .-Ir-.t P- .1 a I La ..LI.-
;ttff;in??ress uie mci miu war ex
LArfveen, the republic olf Mexico and
tr.tMlt St.'itrs. bv the act ol the former
rmiblib.' 1 have-scen;nocyid
Hct. -'Bhall I thoji be
j r T "H ' I-'.-.'--'. '-M-. ( j I i f..,i , , . if -j i ;l i ;. . -f ...-i i't ' n ' ' f
iS-L-j "' I I ' !':;: tJJ-L-U : : 1- J- J, ,-; .
BRUNER ! & JAMES,
f Keep a check upos all tocr
RCLEKS. Do THIS, ATD LlBEfcTY
Geit I. Harrison.
j NEW SERIES, w
NUMBER 5, OF VOLUME III.
i of the purchase. Just as n r '
1 as Mr. Shepard puts on thr m .
a candidate, he fdncit s t!i t .
tic grease spot on the sk:x:t t..'
harrs coat,- and forthuiili J - ;
Kre'at ado about it. when in i ir. r
j nothing to he aven, except one I,
: the spectacles of the Central (
candidate. The Ilon.L Mr s; ,
SALISBURY, N. C. FRI3A, MAY 29, 184G
hCtiiYc o vote
Ifafn 4s to my course ;
iultlfrs.. 1 never--ies
pot the tone of character to go into war.
They whp go into war in this fanner
as if seeking a dicisive course cannot
expect to succeed, lit is a hasty, and
rtnee ot ttiat ?"T . TJ. . " , ;T
i . i i . t 1 i nv word in in iiikmim vk m'iisp nnr wiin
caiiwi pn id- g vc 'J " .rf-. ' t . t-t -
cannot do it. It U,V ' . " J . .
o, voia even xne appearance ot precipitancy
inai aeen rciiection-ana pro-
iuoo ynjcn aione can gume
Well, I hav o
..'.iJi b; iinnos.'ible joruic jto render su
.. tft(??ron.ivtently uith that regard to V.' iiS;
"m mv ij.lancjy I hav been "
. . i.,;,.0,.,.rf!ilii nl rrrilitlr.rnnii tmnl,l OU lO a SUC
itate in taking
It in:, made up. I I will vote neither
ively nor negatively; because I
llo either in the absence of inf'or-
I-KntyW not whether there is a
6 stand 4y me. I ha1e not had
nity -of-converging with my
If mmovably. As to think of rushing with
Jfjj jainillsc upon eiicu an occasion as this
V. I.'- , i .-- ' 1' it. 1 .k.l i -'
Tiib 'public, tress.
tVhotaubrove )f it. i-As for
4nj4, luej eT",o:50, 4 oitiu uoi givu
he tnap: of mV fingers for themL If I could
iot itaVI mre on a (ineslion of truth and
vcriciifi-1 should be little worthy of .the
wreq pi revpe,c4, wnicn i am ucsirous to
'prutlJ t 1 vniiufc unu iui i ilia um wilii-
!,itihfijhhati6n.'becausc I will notnirree
iniitUe war upon Mexico by making war
J Wni'tfJ constitution ; ana by p issing this
p,; hi its present lonn, in the prbsent state
' l f-Atip Iilliiriiiat'inh. Wrttwniild lw mnl-innr
From the Cincinnati "Daily Atlas.
The War with Mexico. AVhile our ar
my remained east; of the Nueces there
were no indications of any hostile arf on
the part offthe Mexican army Nor is it
probable there wouldj have been had our
Government resolved not to march its for
ces in h)$ti)e array beyond the borders of
Texas, jlut the If resident, finding there
popularity, was no prospect of carrying but his Origi-
cision 6t delays i cruel. 1 No war s i;so ;j
cruel as a feeble war.1 Ilumanity ex-t
claims against it. It is always a war 1
needlessly protracted. Ave have a war.
It is a just war. Let our vigor make it a
short war!"' h- ! U
: Humanity exclaims not so much against
a feeble war as against any war. ; Hu
manity thinks less of carrying on the war
vigorously, promptly,' terribly, than of de
vising means to avert war altogether.-
We hope that the mind of the: President
is not so pitched to the dread key ot migh
ty battle as that of his official editor
, From the Intelligencer.
IIE FINANCIAL PROSPECT.
Tlie Washington correspondent of one
of the New York papers says, we sec, in
a letter ol the 14th inst," it may yet appear
...necessary, I before the termination of the
session (ot Congress; to pass a oill manor-
Izmir a ivan, 10 uieei ine exirus.
' V..... t. t't - '
, avr. uf enuougmiar sixpence,
j dcr Jie was as liberal as that i n
: thcl value pf the Road; that-1.
say that Govj Graham oughtn
! event'to have civen over -iiner t
Mil. SlIErjRD IN WILMINGTON. 'IfeS
The Wilmington Chronicle jrives the were. We arc! not certain
followingaccountof Mr. Shepard's speech, ! thatsixpence is nminamum hUa.
whict wasdelivered to about 150 persons, ' ma as wel1 a,tQW ol,c r Mr.
a fourth to althird of whorrTwere Whigs. ; TnCt 1 ! Tc?cl lU !
i -I . i on L.ov. Ciraham on account cf ;
Jn the course of his sneech. he tonchnr? I l
i - ; I'M viiiAi.a
Worc4riir upon the constitution thari upon
t ".. . L A il.n Lrl ill.
'lUAiciM' 14.' iivii uuvv sliiiu, mure
"iAiio jiteiUty-U-tio conllict but that he
nvtjcnjltaiwo arniieson the Rfc del Norle,
limit ytjtjyoualfirin-fof that is the whole
xfpnCk your! knowledge and yet you
(afljih; r-.iji' the face of: the constil ution, that
iWre focal conllict. not authorized by ei-
llier government, is a siaie oi war! mat
vvery Arhcrican is an enemv of every
Meiicah.1 , And yet there is no war !;
Thrtdoctrih'c iti monstrous ; not only docs
irjp Congress of the power jf making
war, but ituoes iniuutly more
nal scheme . by keeping the
army at Corpus Christi, must needs give
orders to'the Commanding General to in
vade the j Mexiean State or Department
-f of Tamaulipas, and take his station op
posite MKtamoraSf with his cannon frown
ing defiance to the inhabitants of that city,
at the same time blockading their port.
The result is natural. The Mexicans,
vcak, pqverty-stricken, and ill-organized
for military defence as they were, deter
mined at' once to chastise the invader, and
if possible, to protect their homes rind
firesides from thle ruthless hand which
would rob ihem of their very national ex
istence. Thus has war ensued, and the
people of the United States begin to have
an insight into the cost of Texas.
From the New York Evening Mirror.
The President knew that the Mexicans
regarded the Nueces as the. boundary be
tween Texas and her remaining provin
ces. He knew that she 'would consider
the passage of the army to the Rio Grande
as an invasion of her soil! and a declara
tion of war. We consider that in this step
he took the responsibility of a virtual de
claration of war, and. in this we tlirfflc he
has greatly erred.
In his message of Monday he states
three grounds of defence for the most un
warrantable act of regarding the country
between the Nueces and; the Del Norte
as an integral portion of Texas, namely,
the claim pi" Texas in 1830 to the country ;
the appointment ot a collector, approved
by the Senate ; and its forming part of a
Congressional district. It is painful to see
the President of the United States com
pelled to resort to such proofs of territori
al possession. A claim of Texas in 1830,
uy Vs1 J?. distribution Bill, the Ta-; "General H. M. Saumlcrf"
rui .vnTinnn 1 icnnt- l . a. t it i . . . '
o ; - .t iia, lk.Hltil"Il IlIIU V.1SIOn ' Ii.1IPlri KpiMwTpi- M 1 I. .
Doubtless Congress mil find itself "n-; Rail Load, Currency, Federalism. Battle , these petty1 strifes, and couU -deri
the necessityrbefore adjourning, of, of New Orleans, Texas, Oregon, and some honest sentiments of his heart -il'
providing money, in addition to the cur- other matters. j things, a few days ago, pro-io,-
rent .revenue to deiray the expenditure ln regard jo distributing the proceeds attack, (of Mr. Shepard ) uxn '(
whicb will attend the now inevitable mih- ; of the sales 6f the Public Lands, he said about his Rail Road bid as H v.
tary operations of the Government. The ; he thought it; would be a'good policy were temptiblc atlairJ He said ivi! i
reduction ofthe Tariff of duties on imports the country out of debt, and no constitti- in the presence of at least one d;
had jt been earned into elTect, would e- j tionalprohibition existing. In what part j ed Democrat, that Gov. Graham !
quaUy have induced the necessity, now of the Constifution the prohibition is found right ; and he 'would have, been r
or noi long uercauer, oi supplying reve- , he did notjmpntion. The Distribution Act
nue from some other source. But the late of 18JU he; considered of the most iniqui
act ofJongrbs? ahd, indeed, independ- tous character ; chiefly because it propos
ently of the movement in Congress, the ' ed to givethe new States a larger propor
preceding action of the Executive re- j tion of the proceeds than the old. What
quirihg an expenditure probably far to ex- then does he think ofthe scheme of some
From the Buflalo Commercial Advertiser. "
v The long anticipated results of the an
nexation of Texas are at last beginning
to be realized. The peace pf the world
has been broken. The United States, by
lti gives j the action ot the rresident, are now plung
ceedhhe surplus in the Treasury, may be
considered as an indefinite postponement of
the Treasury scheme for a general reduc
tion of the Tariff.
famous " Democrats,, of irivinir the new
btatcs all the Public Land
s witnin ineir
for one, to have seen him bid f,r T
as for a horse selling at auction,
he would support no man fur C
t who would uso such miserable
This is what Gen. Saunders call
the very words.1 ; , i 1
i We do not know that there v.
I - . t (iv. ., . . . " " yj t.
umiis i ASjuistribution is not a subject , requiring special comment.! In !
of discussion any where at nresent. nor i far as anv inin
We take it for granted, however, that, . likely to be so for some time to come, it ! cause is to be feared as the rr-
speech, it might have been pa.-.
for any immediate purpose, the Adminis- was not easy to perceive the appositencss
tration will first resort to the expedient j on the part pf the candidate in making it
of an issue of Treasury notes ; the necesr so prominent in his speech,
sity for resorting to which will in connex- j In fespecti to a Tariff, Mr. S. said that
ion with the existence of a foreign war j both partieslare, generally, in favor of one
requiring the' transportation to great dis
tance of large sums of money, render the
Subtreasury scheme wholly impracticable
and probably cause that, as well as the
the appointment of a revenue officer and anti-tariff project, to be deferred.
notouly to Ihc'Prcsulent of thd U. States i ed into a' -war, the end and consequences
cm wuiuu "ei iiimi van &ce. xiovvever win
ing we may be to stand by our country
when danger from any cause, or however
provoked, assails it, we cannot shut our
eyes or our consciences to the fact that
this war, on our part, is one of gross ag
gression, ahd brought on by the Adminis
tration, hot only in the absence of autho
rity, but! in defiance of all the restraints of
constitutional provisions and internation
al law. i
uut to every man, even to him who com
ndndsa1 corporal's cuard, the power of ma
iving .Ayjar) V. SliU I be called on, in this
state ot ucsitiuuon oi iniormanun, to vote
irnnllninnii fJvnn Ihnf
I iall )'itcfor n f; It is impossible. And
it they lorcc rnc fo the alternative, 1 know j
ihtj co.urW I shall; adopt. ' I will let gen
tlemcn take the responsibility. U they de
M'tooyn wjlh unanimity, Ie .them give
vi thc! ipeans of cloing so. If they wish1
j Crr)'t. on with their own party mere-
lyjl '.desire' to liavi na'concem in it;
' Swhdyuently, Mr. Calhoun said,!t?ena
idf.f have not rnade the distinction -ail
bvouspllc---bctwccn the fact, whether
ilijCjfc war; and the act of declaring
WaV. All adnitt(!d that there u'as no var
r(niipctedwith the invasion which gjjvve
illjnn ajnjxht to declare - war.
:m act tof iliostility, which can
m,i,vc f ei tV o we r. " As a in e re
truthlopfilsf uootl, he could r
'M X) (Asjnen, and as patr
VcaiHl fo thehenatorsi whether
uoi to remove mis impeuime
from the North American. I
The.dourse of the true oatriots of the
land is a plain one. They will maintain,
to the uttOrmost, their country in this cri
sis; they will brush away all doubts and
cjisuistry as to the origin and nature of thoS
War, and offer themselves unhesitatingly!
for aiivf duty, and sacrifice, which the!
e from the I country may demand. They will do this j
matter of j as freemen, for the land is not worth the i
ot. Vote fo'r struggle without freedom. j 1 1
ots, he ap.
But 'it is asking loo much to expect the
people to permit such precedents to as
a nominal Congressional district, and no
minal jurisdiction ! Of what nossihlc va
lidity or effect are these acts in settling a
question of boundary with a foreign Gov
ernment ? There are almost no people in
that district, and it is wholly uncertain
whether those few would prefer the Gov
ernment of the United States. Mex?co
had posts on the east bank of the Rio
Grande, which have been (broken up by
the march of General Taylor's army, and
the important trading town Santa Fe is
on that bank. Does the President claim
that Santa Fe is an American! town ? To
the view of the Mexicans he certainly
does, and arf army at Santa Fe would be
as much in place as one at Point Isabel
a name until now n holly unknown to A
, And what was the act of the Senate in
confirming the appointment of a revenue
officer ? The question of territory was
not before them, and it is plain they could
not argue that question in such a connex
ion. Jurisdiction, truly ! Were not the
Mexicans exercising jurisdictionf and
something more than a nominal one at
Santa Fe and at Point Isabel, from the
latter of which they were forcibly driven ?
The President' then virtuajljy declared war
when he ordered our troops to the Rio
j Grande, both banks of which were under
exican dominion, where there were no
merican citizens, and where an Ameri- j
can officer, civif or military, bad never
been seen. In thus declaring war the
Should the; War unhappily be prolong
as the best mode of raising the necessary
revenue for; the support of Government,
but the parties differ in this : The Dem
ocratic" party go for a Tariff solely as a
Revenue measure, the Whig party for a
Tariff to support Northern manufactures.
ed, however, loans must be necessarily re- j The idea, i as expressed by him, being,
curribd to, anid wrill constitute the chief
sourpeof revenue fordefraying the expen
ses of tire War. Whenever loans are to be
authorized, in any considerable amount,
Congress will find itself obliged tovIay di
rect taxes and exercisesrand pledged the
proceeds of them to pay the interest and
provide a sinking fund for their rcdemp-
whether so meant or not, that with the
great Whigj party of the Union the para
mount object in sustaining the present
Tarilf is that the manufacturers of the
North -may derive large profits from their
business, j We did not suppose that even
Mr. Shepard would utter so ridiculous a
sentiment! as this. He averred that no-
thins was protected bv the Whii? Tariff
. J 7
We do not suppose, therefore, that any j but steam engines and spinning jennies.
-;- i i " ? r- rnUw. :n ..it.. 1 :.i ir
loan in the shape of an issue of Govern
ment ;i stock,! will be resorted to at the
present session pf Congress.
silence. We arc inclined to tl
even his party here would have 1
ter pleas?d had he stayed 'away,
i thercd no laurels in Wilmington.
GLORIOUS NEWS IFPiO:!
SEAT. OF Willi!
Tlie Mexicans twice routed,', art '
Hundred killed The enemy s ('
ricd at the point of the Bayonet !
; ! j
By the Daily Picayune, and r,
from the Mobile Advertiser; of tl.
we have news, the substance of
contained in the following :
There have been 'two engager;
tween General Taylor and the ?
troops, the first occurring on; the 1
when General Taylor was relur:
Point Isabel to his Campf oppo. it
moras. In this the Mexicans, fi
From tho New York Express.
Tamaulipas We Americans must be
gin to fit up our lips and tongues for new
and unknown names is now in part an
This is pretty good evidence that Mr. S.
is. not acquainted with the details of the
Tariff of JS 42, and another remark made
oy aim proves almost conclusively that ! o i,uuu, were repuiscu, our army
he is is not. In condemnins the "mini- i on the field of battle, on j which i
mum" principle, which governs in certain i were found U0Q Mexicans dentV
cases' in estimating duties under the Ta- j pieces of artillery, storesj &d M
gold died subsequently frbm wou:.
Holland is annexed, and soon. When we
strode oyer the Neuces, and encamped up
on the Hio Grande, we began the annex
ation ofthe Mexican State of Tamaulipas;
and well does an officer from the army of
Occupation, April 25th say :
riff, he sdid that the framers of the Act
.i kt .i tt i r. c i linfl PVPn1'' rosnrf nil fr T o t t- ( i m'm .n f ! n ft IIM1.
vvrn r thpsn nrtnprti hipii mhtps n -- i "uuh vn't' niu.ui i iu
America. As Bonaparte was wont to say, j deceive the honest people. Aow the ui t nc seconu oatue we can r,
when he was lording it over Europe, Pied-1 truth 1S that tho word minimum is not used , tbc following particulars from t!
moot is annexed to the French Empire, ?nce mthp land Act of 1812. Can it ( yune. . ,
lit; iiossimr nar. wir. inpn.irii nns nnvnr i nu u. o. mc in cr c( i. 11 ir rv
read that act ? It may be fairly prcsum- this morning, just as our paper w.
ed that he has not, from the ignorance : to press, from Brazos Sani.iu'(.
evinced by him concerning its provisions , left on the 13th inst. j ljer news .
and language. But about the Latin. ous to our arms. , ... j
Minimum he seemed to regard as a caba- j She brings pllicial accounts of r.
i i . , i .i itti . ..I ' ' :
T!n tu!v.o rry . iisiic woru aaopieu dv the Whisrs that , aiuc uetweeu me. iucxipan, an
a liv. xix.i-ixiiit kjiair a n 1 1 i;i 11 1 1 Tin 1 n i . .
uLu i u ' thev mavirob
jcsiriile to'li;iv a Strong Vi
jhen,' not n'movp this impct
sCfong vote t There could 1
Pjti renvH'nl would ilestroy the elficiency
(Lti tho liilli They ought to actom(aoda(e
thoscjwo thought 7th him. W.-is it n6t
uimeht to a
be onK' one
.Hjecti6n, am) that; was, that id would reii
, tier tlitbl lss Iicfnt. Bui could that
objetiuiVbentdhaiiied anyone? !
; ' ile iiow caine to make sot ie remafKs
, ftbc Speech of tiiej Senator from Ken
tuiky (Mr. Cnltehden.) lie las made a
suggestion whieusecmcq to remove every
dbiecfion. It gayc Kins bill a
notfmctcly to the frontier, but beyond it
Tney could c!o no more than that. I But
; which we are encamped, is a beautiful, a
most delightful region. Far as the eye
can; reach, one level surface presents it
self to vieu dotted with cotton and sugar
cane fields interspersed with lovely gar
the greater fac
the peoiies pockets with can forces, which took placet on t
icility.. Therefore, and be-' commencing at half past 3 oVlu '
cause ofjits Latinity, to be deprecated by within three miles ot Lamp ;la
all honest persons. The queerncss of the action was upon the edge ofja r:u
ining, however, was in this; that ilr. one muc iroin inc cuapparai .
j.., i : , r . ; voajv m vivj i nuiuiv lining ui
suiiiu uicDrtitcuuii ui .iiiuictiiiuiiccaiiu , . - -i .......f.r. m. . if ueiusauer me Qpanisa lasnion, me wnoie L. . . ...... . . ,. ! .n'k ATJ: : .t
(lie authority of undisputed and acknow- "1S . Anc cutlup and divided, in all sorts of ways, ! "a ." 1PP1C agains oeing cneaicu in - - - - 4 ' VV 1 ;
I ledged lidense. War or peace, defeat on- ?ansffre ting on the defensive, asriv- b of the finest trees, among which en he Tas f the sam tin?,c 1 w 1
triumph, the American people protest a-il f S them from their possessions could not ignumvitm figures largely ; and the ' sZ?Voi d tWorem, with all the , as to sweep the narrmv pis. b
j Uinst the exercise of the war power by j considered otherwise ban, an attack. , Lntlrc? picture is cut in txvain by the mud- glness imaginable. From the specimens c: ors JJcins ; Xh
r?vu.,:. et the practical duty of the Govern- i ua s....:r- . .1 ; here prqscnted of Mr. Shepard s remarks a swamp on either hand, Gen. 1 .
ment remains the same for the immediate
present conjuncture. General Taylor's
force must be rescued. Such a force must
be assembled on the Rid Bravo as! vill
i From the rhilailolphiu (Dem.) Spirit of the Times.
! We beg leave to say to the editor of the
iTrvtonri that. bp. fithpr writns witbnnt
reflecting upon what he says, or else ! ? now our aounaant powqn.io maintain;.it,
IWith an intention to misrepresent us, We l?st tiring from it at Such I a moment
certainly havo: not accused the President
ot any tardiness in respect to our Mexi
all Possible ! pan affairs; if any thing, lie has been, we
b hostilities Uhink, a little too hastu in his arrange
ments. - We have been, and we are nov
on all proper occasions, and when, as the
should be construed by the Mexicans (as
Uj Neither mountain, hill, nor elevation
of any sort varies the everlasting level of
the country around. The scefTe is rich
ancV peaceful, with nought to mar its ap
propriate character but the armies of two
Inaiions worshipping the same Eternal
on the Tarilf, our readers will nrobablv ' mediately ordered a "charge in t
concludcjthat his whole arguments on that of the enemy's destructive fin,
subject 1'erc of Xc minimum order, and , troops promptly responded.: am!
their conclusions will not be far out of the ! tbc enemy's guns at the point cf
i i. a. 'iii j i n r
it no uouot win oei mio weakness, wncn , . ; . t .i i i . i i
' u.ra erpflnnunpn imot inrir .nnic in c nv ' . w
this position is made good, and ability of j T Z t nf M n " J , its alia rs, its sale, and-purchase by Gov. all Ins corrf
th r.onntrv th maintnih it nbnndnntlv ! '.).'. .! ' J. ' tirahaiW for the Strife and so n fr of Gen. i aVI
i i "v. Vi T i J i; " Uur nights here are, tor thennost part, Q, Ti , , ' .. ! rIM ,
i kjuu iii w ivi v- w j i wiiu uiu V- il UC1 i l i i - t i - . - i riii . t 'i - t w - .vftm- yavy c. ill 111- -
A -.i i- 4. i m : -remarKaoie lor ineir serenuy. i tie siars nuA , .,; - , , .
ed forthwith into undisputed Texan terri' I . r.. i :.i ence aria bitterness. One would suppose 111 v l,lcu
...-I j j i . . . i sianu. loria in numerous crowus, wuu rare t i-- ... . 4.
In treating of the Raleisrh and Gaston So sudden and-impetuous v.
Rail Road, the relief alforded it by the i tack, and so successful, that A :
Legislature, the embarrassed situation of i not time to sare nis papers, v.:,
ponuenccj leu into ti
lasted one hour a:
time COO Mexicans wt
, II ' . . ..
1 rk;k it -cUmiA r..utA ;i oi.ii.4.ii i... .m.,ivivov.wv, fp - 15- Ponroc,Mfof:e .i,.,, ,i,A Li cd or wounded, and the A r
t. . l. -i:.. i iuivi uivu ii oiiuuiu iictri uaic uuincu. .1 . 1 ti 1 i iv-im ..mhuuuii.) uiub urn u .viu r
Mcc;spmcRcmii.-pienarounu innscomca , i-uiiur ui uiuoiauc ipe,, w ctii y ff- . for neo'iatidn ' .urtuiancys-noiaieai is moveq. not a cioua irrutrievabl v rained through its con- too 300 prisoners and ,ciS it pi.-.
fy-ferri'WT,,ViVa"Ud1 e'! ,.yi!S0' aT "tt -th6 "ew oiler made lor nepoaation. wH.lc ever and anon a meteor of tillery. Tbe American li.'i
tntliatJ iodiflei'(!ncebctvcnvarand .'Administration.- 13ut we wish the Key- . : 1 .. . : subassin" brightness shoots across the a- .... r-ii. o-.l' , '. ,...1 l,i i,ir.i, Lill.,1 ,1,1 '
as as wide MoneXo understand, now always, lt wd T !" y, ,. VaulU at X am jttst summocl to "' """L. t, V. ' Airmnf ihp. killpd (iol.
ry momber ; do not feel ourselves bound to the chariot ! An interesting letter is puDliseu mine sterner duties." "77" - """"" " 1 :. Cnt-hn Col Broun (bv :
:verymem-qwheeS ofanymaninoroutofomce Albany A. lasted from the Amer can : 1 , ,: . '. ; ?.. t" , f,! ' 1. f 1 r !
y-i But it iWeloldthe first truth that Democracy camp Detore Matamoras. it; was WntUa, . ; ?Satttingr-V arc infcrmcd by , J'rV. o oThI whose riamc hre :.
new rcla- j teaches is to be independent, and we are n c -'1st ot April, just Deiore tne the Paris correspondent of the Charleston I '1 1 b 3U'""" "Ir ' p ' CT" , fnl Vivne Lieuts Gates lliirb
1 all other 'rouj tp be known, not as a partisan or-1 late engagement between .the Americans , Courier, that S.ca, -luring isnot a crime j iMf r"i . Ih i LXrand olucrs wcreun,;:
was the gan, pound to support a man or a party j ami me iuexicans. n? iransier 10 our:. Pecu iar to this country, though its impu- '"""tTV v ',,, k r 11 ' . . ... .i,,.!i,;,. is.
wia! Uelton al occasionsbut as an independent, columns such parts of it as are important.. might seem t0 be. One M. Itollet. a ?W PTeldThat CoTr ' JSWv
,.dinC! to!ftarlissi Democratic press, sustained by West ofthe. NeacesOm pecph. and till lately a highly esteemed !" i?' tt SS-S ' X Z St
11 1 v nir rv.sii.l.ti" liwiiui uuu la- , ,
0 . ' 0 . 1 1 4nv iv!in llm linnnr nf u'3 r. i
press rand direcny ioiaieu a commanu 7, . ,
nf thJr.P.;Jaturc.M that body bavins di- I The total loss cfll.e Mexicars.n .
rectodbim, as he, Mr. S., said to get the lVV T.
tlie-exlliting state of : things i
as the. pole. T War placed cv 0
iff this communitviat, war with
it miijtbten thrctr-it created
tionsb6Uvccn thik country am
owcr4 amphst tUesc relations
rlit of Viockaucintcrfe.rinjg
hattoh , of I. the ' world, and ftei
bring ijs lntbconflict with them. Tbe mo- j the people, and representin
tftqnt war was declared, privateering com
tnchcc',anii '.swartn$ of privateers were
et lodtje upon our: extended commerce.
And more than tjha,' any mode, of adjust
)awtii'as set; aside' except that by a trea
jJ!6r''fcacp1':,lVV,W'the name of all
jthat'isf reasonable lift asked would they
psti M once to tuc jiuunate report ' Sup
"buse thiiJ turns otitib be a cake in which
; ;Mrat ought to bej;jdeclared; iftef jekam-1
natictS of i'all thii; klocumen s. JJetl the
declaration. be Jaade in ilu 3 fojm and
Vb'UU-.ibSrnitig: ' dignity--not in tjnVsidc
Nvav. nijf Kv wore nfraid to do it. Lnt
V, them fchof a'nent i to, the wdrld, sucb as
.IV I.J . .: : . 1 ! 1 r
uccoming me cuaracier o
Jpj HcscntjcoifitliUon of the wotld,war
,-yas ajremendous filing. Th j whole, scn-
uraenrqt tho civil i2eu world -vas. tuming
trbng( arhinst 'War And Jet us not,
; (aid Mr. Oi) for the honor elf our coun-
ry f4 tl6 dignity 0f; the fbpublic be
nrio create. a state ot par. iuor-
tal man can tint tbn ont nl it. I 1 When
? look 'rind see that w; are riishing upon
mdst tremenddus event. I am amazed,
m;itt V( state bf deep alarhi. iTliis is
"The soil on the river is of great fer
rncy to whose interest ye are always
Ffom the New York Commercial Advertiser.
Tlie "jUnion." we regret to see, is ram
pant with the demoniac spirit of carnage
land destruction. Its cry is not for peace,
but for revenge, for conquest, for a deep
fdraught in the horrid chalice of interna
tional strife. Who can read such lan
guage as thisvithout shuddering?
" With such a foe we must make short
work. iWe hear much of defence. The
only Jsafc defence is attack attack, vig
orous, prompt, resistless, through such
attack we must cut bur way to speedy
and permanent peace.- Among the Ame
rican people we firmly believe these state
ments iteed only to be made to be hailed
with acclamations. We; know that a
proijipt and resolute onset with due force
will at I once bring permanent peace on
fair and just terms. This Ave want, and
must have, and that without delay. We
know not what events a few months or
wceks.bf delay and mdecmbii maV bring
forth. But this wc do know, that any in-i foe they are united.'
Spaniards, i he country is uninhamtabiei member of society, and an officer ofthe
excepting the valley of the Rio Grande. jXegion of Honor, and Director of the Vic
and that contains a pretty dense popula- j tualling Office at Rocheport, was lately
tion, and in no part of the country are the detected in the commission of official
people more loyal to the Mexican Uov-; frAuds. He was arrested, and huns him
self to avoid the punishment that he knew
awaited him upon conviction. Catch an
Unnd as low as possible. He had in
previous part of. his speech pronounced
Mr. Mrauain an nonesi auu coiibciriuiuus
! ! -t . ?.. 1 .1
tilitv. And tl.nnrrl, JmrfviMtvr hW0A ! i L it -Jj..- u ir ! man, so mat in our own minu uiere vrtS
' -""n" i'w..v.v-..7 1 !vjiiericaii;sviiiuier m sucu an act oi ues
produces considerable corn, cotton, and!iipgiri Under such circumstances he would,
sugar. On the river are several fine towns,; i. like Swartwout and Price, take a voya?
some on one side, some on the other. jj to Europe, expecting acquittal upon ins
Matamoras 9,000 inhabitants, Remoso l.i ; return home, and a life of comfort, ease,
500, Comongo 3,000, Mer 5)00, Guerre- and; even honor, upon bis share ofthe
ro 3,500, Loredo 1,500, Presidios 5,000.
San Fernando 15,000 ; and, when you get
higher up towards Santa pel therejis ani
other populated country. These people
are an Spaniards, ana 3,ctuatea oy a uni
versal feeling' of hostility towards the U.
States, and since our arrival "nearly all of
them hav'e left this sidei of the river and
gone over, leaving their! houses and much
valuable property, notwithstanding every
assurance from General Taylor jthat all
ineir ngnis anu properiy wouiu De respect
ted by our Government.' ;, . They quarrel
among themselves, butiagaihst a foreign
I " spoils. Rich mon dYhig.
I ". SONNET.
f J ' BY MRS- iAXE WEAVER.
Go forth with fearles3 heart ! B not dismayed
Though death despoil thee of thy fairest hope,
Though fortune hurtle tempt'st-S friendships fade,
k Aid life a burden grow. Arise, and cope
AVith ruin. : Courage, soul ! Martyrs in fire
i Have sun j exulting ; in the lion's den
-All night the; prophet praised Jehovah. Higher
I In storm :and tempest soars the eag;k's ken !
iaini bosoms make the perils which they dread
i Ai children start at every sound they hear,
fOr see in sliadowsjjhantoins from tlie dead
Bat hear(3 of steel shame doM-n the rising fe
some difficulty in reconciling the allcga
tion against him with the praise bestow
ed upqn him.
Govt Graham nurchascd the lialei
and Gaston Road under a law passed by
the Legislature of 1814, 15; which en
inmprl! nnon him to bid 44 a sum not exceed
men, while that ofthe Americans vn
did not exceed 1600 men. i j
An exchange of prisoners toc! j! :f
th'tWQ armies suhseq'icnt toUL"
which Capt. Thoniton and Hardee :
Kancihve tccn returnca io n.r. ari.
Ot aslVai not demAiidqd, nnd
prisoner. Among the prisoner 1 1' '
Taylor, was (Jen. Vega; For til f
can officers were ofTered in cxclun.:
j 1 a 1 inni 1 tn frivp. him usxi save iii o c
civ,,lllivu w l ;
... ' . r I t. si.
inS 900,000, and the interest unpaid by ; an wncan oi r.,,,
.Lrlnv nnthH bonds executed.- In . should be taken. ...c f
uic uu...!-. ; - - lien, effa ana IWO .Mexican
s ueiorc . , n..i it
were sent oter vj uen. j ) "v
llIC ViUIHJ'"!' :
November last, nearly two months
t hp r av uxeu ior iuu ..rwtr. ien. c
went lover the Road, examined u "'o . lowcd ,0 be acc
his intention of bidding ior u,on ucuan The jiexican rm
the itate, the full amount of the bonds j tmJ lljai f very prefw
andlihtcrest referred to in the law, which .celebrate1 it ; but all
arrnmnnnied I'V OU1 t!
' L . . . .- i.. 1 mmuiw -r - , .
roughly, and then publicly maoe kiioi. ; UcuU Co, ag a fr;PtKj.
;.vrntion nf hirtihnr ior u. on oenau oi tl. ii.t ran trmr was o cmh
iiia imiiiiun w.-- c . , o. ' - T .
paration tiad'I '
thf ir prcii.iru'.!
was' $303,000. I rom the lime oi inw
vowal on his part to the day of the sale,
o.,.l rm Inner lime thereafter, not one
Man weaves the fates that round his path entwine I -ii! r complaint was heard bn the FCOre
-Resolve to tonquer and the worttLis Hhine ! ' !; 1 M .
thixliands if tbe Amerlcani. In t
inanv of the-Mexicans tk
were 'drowned in' their jatteirj-uj
(lnl Taylor reachc
Lis camp i!
lv. .. .
i - ' 1 .1
1 1 t
T - .