Tcrtm of the IViitcliniaii.
j ) . .' . , . - t ' i .., ,
for fiabpriptionr per year. Two porxAits payable in
tdranreJ.'ftut If not paid in alante,'Two dollars
ad fifty eta. rill be' charged, f
jipK tiTituxinr inserted at .$ 1 foi! the. Tint , and 25 cts.
for each subsequent insertion: potrrt ordera chirged
;25 per ct. hngherthan these rate. A liberal dedacr
tion to those'wh alreriie by tJie year.
Ltrria to the Editors must be past paid.
THE CAROLINA jATCilMAN.
SALISUVRYt SEPTEMBER 12, 1848.
-CEN'L BAYLOR'S FIRST PRESIDEN.
- v . ;
I . 1 - . - . . . : . , ' '
mVNER & JAMES, .
Pmnrt pin r.e.
. , - j - . -j- -
a crane ctox all tocr
Do this, and Liberty iS safe.
VOLUME V, NUMBER 20.
The first Litter of Gen. Tayls, (says the National
.lflte!b'gencer,wat Written lo the Editor of the New
1 commend him" warnifv to the Whigs of the Union. corps of the Kins;1
We-republwh' that letter now for l lie purpose of show- tered by equal vigi
that, wlten the idea of being a 'Candidate waa first ond industry, amon
presented to hiin he frankly avowedhimself a Whig, ; The ofljice holdei
wkolMwl(J i-VEk be Dt voted i.i individual opixion to j t,v bave always b
j0E ruirciFLKs of that partt." elections, because tey constitute a vast standing, cora-
; Read this letter attentively, Whigs of the Union ! mittee, always at Ivork, issuing their correspondence,
: Tbia Letter, wjth a knowledge of Gen. Taylor's char- getiing upl their meltings, manufacturing public opinion,
j acter, is all the voucher we want for General Taylor's flooding te country with their extra documents and
I "ilVhig principles : j , campaign journals, and bringing home to the door and
i 1 IiEADciUAitTtRfl. Ahmy op Dct tpatiov. ,uro,ur cuiicn me specious ana insidious argu
; ny a ?tuldfn revolution in ;
siituiion of society, thry -bring
alUijsder the influrnc
principles, and left the
; of those principles ultimat- '
whatever was evil in thr i
. if evil altogether, the ins: , :
I . Now, what a contrast to
I in the conduct of anti &lavrr
present day. The cry is " i
jolition "away with
jface of the earth. Ar.J
! which took a half century
r. fact that It is 1 " T.5 "V '
gnns.the paid patriots, the whole referred to hv th .Spn.inP frm Stk . i.i r .u o..i...- . .V I Ul .. C . to llbert V of mnr
Own.- are met, matched, and maa- CHrnlin - U t li " j " A T 1 ' . i Vi iu.uuui., a"u.ull,n; " H'on Ol iree SOU, Ana reluse ' &iHV., , ':: .Vl"" '
nee; by equal spirit, by equal effort j
the friends of Reform.
and the dependents of the Execu-
n potent, not to say omnipotent, in
SALISBURY, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1848.
-.1 .L. . A . .1 , . . . - . I .
an mis- lerminate t i in the election of Oeneral Cass, un- to lmnosp it TT Tr P;nAl-nAU'o n;n;n r .i u . . . . . -' . . , , , .
imtULi..L. r,u nffi k u .u ! p" e H H Alr- linckneys opinion of one of the old original thirteen, of kind, c ose the r eyes to th
less these pigbtyefiorts of the Office-holders, the con- upon the nrnnrintv f Ki;.V,; cl... .U u. i- i . . . 3 . 111
. r oioij, uuc (tu.ini, sons some uiea upon me nere : mat it must continn
Carolina, is supposed or understood to ! went down to their graves covered with
have any effect in determining what his ; honorable scars, and hundreds and thou
judgment was, or in impairing;the weight; sands did battle in vindication of their
or nee ect to rnnsiHpr thn nnMii rrt ,sir, u a &
nf thn k. .. 1 .L me ll,at 5Iavery is a Mn of r.
judgment was, or in impairingjthe weight sands did battle in vindication of their ! condition of the slaves for whom .j, ' hl cxwirnce of it for ....
01 mat judgment as authority,!l must say i country's cause, I would say to them to j sympathy is awakened. I was, I confess, ,ncrons,snJ i , lvi:
it was referred to to no purpose. ! the people amongst whom I was born, a- deeply hurt when I heard gentlemen say. I! S
Mr. Calhoun. It was stated for what j mongst whom I have lived, to whose kind- j that they wished to confine this iutitu- ' ,i P m ,r:;:"
it is worth. 1 i ness. nrnmnfmn. ml nimno l -r. ', tion-' within it nrM.t k .,.:i u Pon, disregarding all CC:;
Mr. Badger. Well. then, it is worth erv thino- nf distinction nA nnpri.v tht should hf-mmp intl,rKi . t,-,. ''oal.,on,s which may star.J
I stand upon this subject onwhat I un-
ery thing of distinction and prosperity that should become intolerable; that they Ih
I enjoy, amongst whom 1 expect to die, wished this "festering evil," instead of1 7 "utf:
amongst whom my children, I trust, will being scattered, should be confined, until m"i ? itthlrn
i.i Jlatamofo, July VI, IBIu
- Yc. irt ,;,riUv' mail f WreiveJ vo.,r W-ttrr I B11 np"tance of keeping themselves in their
firje 19th Jane, and have given th subject to which it ' by raising; their candidate to the Presidency !
refers some wrioas reflection and consideration. I feel , Presidential election
fry (grateful td you, sir, and to my jfellow-citizens who
m- k.. .u.I j -L- ., ! derstand to bft th. r.nin;n r q.,- i;... r,. i 1 i n if tu....i.i . i ... . , man. uur, at inc same tin
ikiihu; HUW.U mcj ucmisusudic iu me couniry me i " " w uum cmc , unci 1 run jjjuue i vvuuiu Slty IO IDem, ; f""uiu uuisi anu uiscnarge lis social tli iUnf1 l !
wilhjyou havexpressed the er'wg desire to place ' hoI(J.r9 mQ
vmy name In rvornifntiori for the Presidency, but it be- i- , '
Makf I TFW inMtrkff a list franltlv In iukniurlrli In irnn era. IlOW I liV i
since 1832, we have seen
agement, (be influence, and the control of the office
be people overcame the office-hold
ieir places. Co.ur.t of ihe United States, and upon the j I made this surrender because I knew corruption upon the South. Is this to wish l JrnVA
! Inevery P,moohf southern statesmen who a-' your deep devotion to the institutions han-' for good ? Is it to desire the mitigation u Tnffi nv
m the man- domed this Senate at the time of the Mis- ' ded down by our forefathers ; because I of evils which cannot be removed ? Is it ' n' ;L hv
th nlTw. i SOUri Comnromi.se. I Stnnrl nnnn tVio not. on the nni,a,.r ,t-; . i. ... . . cu. u; uitri. uui,t
. j soun Compromise. I stand upon the the- knew your resolute opposition to every not, on the contrarv, to desire the utmost Hut thrv who mnintni t 7
. ory and practice of the Government upon 1 thing by which the union of these States aggravation of calamity, involving both ' m :tsei, ,h;, mi; "r T- n !v rV7
Zi 'ZZl. 'J ;.'v,.. -Li.- f.jl. M : ers. How t Rv a minerinr nr.mnW.tiAn K -nri. this SiihWt . n,l .U: . u ' . t 1 da.. : " m liaril IUIS Hiailgnani WlCit
cwnri.iiiemireriTiy bum iromviir iu mmuwiruK iu vuu 5 ' i t,- ' "j . -j"-' uv,v,u iini" iuis iJosiiion. nirtv uc spvereu or weakRnpa . DPcause i : auu iiitisiui in a cummnn ruin I : ...L I -
periorUiligence in the circulation of effec- i 1 am called upon to vote for a bill by felt assured that vou would iustilv me in ! Sir, the expansion of the slave popula- ! n; LitU iv,nn J l .
that for thart -nfiiee I have no aspiration whatever. Al- ' activity, by superior
riDVAL OTfXHW TO THE PRINCIPLES OF ; maM raef'ngs-
THAT TAUT Y.
Kven if the f4ject -1ich yon lunve in your letter
opened La me were acceptable at any frirr.e, I have not
the leisare to attend to it now. Tl vigorous Drosecu-
L tioa of be war1 with Mexico, ao important to the inter-
tit$ of my country, demands erery moment of my Dres-
I ent time, and it i mm grtmt Jet ire to bring it to a speedy
1 1 vvitn my oesi wishes lor yourtieatth and prosperity,!
am sincerely yours. x.'i AYLUll,
Major General U. S. A.
'Kit FKOM fiKNERAL TAYLOR.
Th Memphis fTrnn.) Kagle contains the following
. private letter, written by Gen. Tavu)r to a friend, who
It was through all these agencies, and
not merely by the confidence of the people in the integy
rity and patriotism df General Harrison, that we woii
the glorious victories- of 1840. Then we saw every man
discussing with his neighbor the great questions of pub
lic interest and importance. Then we saw the people
comii.g together byj tens of thousands to advise and
counsel on public affairs. Then we saw the best, ablest,
and wisest men of the country, for days and weeks to-
i ?4:- ii li in ir i r - t r i ... i .,v iv, u,,, w 1 1 ioui iiiui w Li uuiu uaiii v 111c tii .
Zlt TvlwMG. 7 docntr I nd argaTnem8' ' mT' ,0 my, pin;0n,-, lh? SUth n wh of "Merest or' feeling tion is of the highest importance to the 'obligations oHheG
A'XD SHALL EVER JSE DEVOTED IN INDI- ' the more f!,orou&h f"n of public questions at our j total surrender of all the interests and you might have in this question, in order j welfare and improvement qf the slaves. tu States whr.. it ,
wistics ot her people in this question. to preserve the Constitution, cement the! What do odr friends expect, supposing reason fale!y from their c
We are to submit to the judgment of the Union, and perpetuate the freedom of our tnei utmost wishes to be gratified ? Are They would be more c -
Supreme Court to determine Whether, by ' country. they, or their constituents, acting upon any themselves, though more -t -
virtue of any thing in the Constitution of ; But have we the least reason to believe : the principles which in times past have lruth if thev became avov r
thfi llnitftl St
iiiuiiit-iii iurc irr j iuoi jicciuc auu imriiiuuv win ue uie re- ; ' iruiaicu niiiius iu inc pur- oir, the true
ntnrl honn m a mux.. K.r .1 : i o..l P . t. ;li 1 Or Villi rt truth : . i . - . I
...w...., wv,v-vy...v o ncaip iiiB insti- auit ui me passage oi mis uui i oir, we auu autmi iui)ji ovt'nif iii i g pursued by neither cf f
tution of negro slavery is established in have none. On the contrary, we have j My honorable friend from Ohio. (Mr. Cor- which J have referred. S!. !
them. Now, I have not the remotest idea convincingevidencethatits passage would i win.) a friend 1 feel him to be, much as j ,g not an institution forhh! !
infti inn nunrpmn i nurt will otAi h tka tn iho ctrrnoi tn a r.n.,r a i,;ti. ;tn 1 umer irom him nn ihiKniimnt nr rv 1 . ...
gether. traversing ,1 e length and breadth of the land, .miZr llr. I'" t ' t r"? ! Iv , 1 : r7 " " h" 7 .Zr u ' ! S nconi!i..; y
and. making the top&sinTolved in the controversy famil- I . ... H,uu. i iook upon mw... ..,a cou.u i.oi siu.u up unur , - arm.- , ine conduct Ot tue ApoMh
iar as household woL to the voters V I lh.elb,U call,"g uPon ,n('' representing. ' constituents, patriotic as they are, willing j nts,iS familiar with the history of the an evil. It may be hroprr i!
i I " 1 wr 1 1 l m ir linnnn, t. .11 t. ; . ' K - 1 1 nirlpn ti mo I u i-r iliu. ii-lil, l...i I. I t.:.L ' . . 1 . '
.1, . , ,i " "wiiui rtuic uuiR-uifuf, me interests n iuy are to tnaKe large concessions, anu mi mm nuon wmcu be removed. IJut the timr v.
7u w.,MutICU , o n hprr. Stolpc mQlr lUic .. 1 i t..l thorn l ,t I ..,.,1 f Kill I,.. I leaCDeS nS- thn nrtlfrinO- nf l'rk1'a n,m .
surrender on her behalf. If eentlemen which, in effect, thev were excluded from ! dence in the days that are past. Now.
VVHiosf of the Union '
:....(. -l ' '
the allied! hosts of corruption and plunder in 1840. Do
not deceive your-elves with the idea that It was the
orthatiit is in thefmere name of ZachArt Taylor
that yoa are to com off victors now. Never did men
deceive themselves by a more fa,tal delusion. Remem-
ber,"VVntjs, that it was while the strong man slept that
upon him? Arouse from your le
thargic security ! unite organize come into the pub
lie arena talk write reason exhort denounce
nse in the good cau all the weapons of truth, justice,
and patriotism andj
in their sheaths ! Sleep on and you will be ignomini
ous! y shorn of your
grind in the prison-
till the port sets on
ocks, and again led off in bonds to
house. Kouse, then, to an univer
sal rally, throughout! the Republic. From this day forth
the seventh of November devote
yourself to this good cause the cause of integrity
against the false tHe cause of POPULAR LIBERTY
against EXECUTIVE POWER. Battery.
as io me romantic siory aooui iue wouttu
.at .Burn. Vista, (in connexion with a Mexit
which ended ao tragically, and who is said to
hadcalteJ hi attention to some gross slandera against ! name of General Hirrisok that conquered for vou then
kirn in the Mejnphis Appeal : ;
' r Baton Uoioe, (La.)uocst o, 1-19.
Mr DcAa'KtU Your esteemed ljtter Hhe 27th ul
timo, encsint a slip cut from the '4 Memphis Appeal,"
waa this moment received, containing statements said to
kive been male by me disrespectfuhrto the volunteers ;
among thers.Jthat I had ss,id they tfere not worth their
ttion$, and that this can be proved ; together with many
other, evidences of unkintlnem towards them on my part,
I all of wich is without the slightest foundation. There
is but little doubt in my mind that he who invents a
faWhood lo injure his neighbor or fellow-citizen, as well
a he wIiq lends himself to and aids jn giving circulation
lf the same, knowing it to be false, would not hesitate
I to awear to it in the Holy Bible. My numerous otlicial
reports lo the War Department in relation to the gallant
and patriotic Voluiterra, which have Ik-pii so extensively
pubUshed In ulot of the leading puhlic journals of the
country, give the lie direct to the stueuients in question,
ind which Ihr gentlenjen of ihe " Apjxral" might have
known, had they looked an inch bryoml their ooses, or
wialied lo havf made themselves -tuainted with all the
facta in the case, before they published so gross a slan
der in regard jo one y honever injured them, and whose
nly criiiMt was that hia name, without his agency in the
matter, has tx-rn brought before the (country by a portion
uf bia fellow-ciiizens fur the fust oUice in the gift of a
0teat and free! people.
Aa to the romantic story about the wounded soldier
to have been
hot by mjrorder, it is without the slightest foundation.
Nothing of the kind, or even approaching it, ever look
place ; nor do) 1 believe it was ever heard of, except at
Memphis and vlcinity, before it was published in the
"Appeal.'!1 It la on a par with the story that I had
apoken disrespectfully of and otherwise outraged the tol
uutttrs i India more base and heartless calumny was
never propagnlted. Not a Jr of American blood was
ehed by my Older while in Mexico, tior that of a Mexi
can; except in the heat of battle.
The whole natter contained in said slip is too silly 'o
be credited ; 6or would I have noticed it had I not deem
ed it proper 19 reply to your friendly; communication.
I must, frotij my position, expect to be assailed by ma
ny ohacruf)u1cju editors ol newnpnperrs, as well as hired
.'tmagofues, without regnrd to trudi, decency, or any
thing elae, l have therefore made up my mind no; to
tuner such thJn to annoy me, let (hem emanate from
will show me what we are to gain bv that i the new territories, bv which all their in
surrender, if they will point out to me anv j terests were surrendered, and nothing
sir, in that history does my friend find any
warrant ior mis species ol Uncompromis-
manncr how, must be doten;
and temperate considertior.s
cy, lest, in a rash attempt to
evil, wc introduce greater
countervailing advantages, if they will ; gained in return. Is it not plain that this ! inS and instantaneous extirpation of even manageable ones in its phc
make me understand how, upon the prin- is so f Do gentlemen from the North ac- umiueu evus i vvnen iMoses led out the Mr. President, I wish that
chile of compromising adisnuted Question ! cent the surrender in ffood narl ? On the ; Israelites from Egypt, polygamy was es-
as to the disposing of these territories, 1 ; contrary, do they not repel it with scorn ? j tablished among them. They had addic.
shall surrender the whole to tlje opposite j And do we not already hear from afar a ! te themselves to it from their commerce
party, I shall be able to give this measure ' storm of denunciation ? -i : willi lhe eastern gentiles, and derived it.
friends would re-examine tin
they have assumed, and al!
precept and example to has
ence unori their tlelihrr.it i'
my support. Mv Iriend from Marvland i Mr. President. I do not regard the sur- I deed, from the example of their great I thev do so. I cannot hut hnr-
suffer them not to rust ingloriously i (Mr- Johnson) has said that we only ask- j render of which I have spoken as a mat- ! father, Abraham. When Moses, under see ground to change the ir
ed to save our honor, ir, would bejust ter ol such entire insignificance as some luc. n,IJueilcc OI o'me inspiration, pro- cannot helieve.notwithstan !.
as willing, so far as the interests of my j gentlemen appear to consider it. We claimed the laws for the government of expressions used by some r;
constituents are concerned, to vote for a 1 have had various accounts as to Califor- j their civil polity and internal conduct, why j they wish to do us injury, or,
bill in terms excluding slaveryjand should ; nia and New Mexico ; but, according tojwasno.t polygamy instantly prohibited ?. ding the. tendency of their tr.
think it more manly to do so. In myjudg- j the best information I have been able to ow did it happen that for many hundred j they wish to make harder t!
ment, a total surrender on theipart of the obtain, there are portions of the former j eirs 11 s tolerated Dy the institutions of our slaves, blavery with
institution ot such unmiii,.:
require, if it allowed of. im::.
pation. It exists in a mitiat!
pered by humanityt and nn
against cRRrrTio.v--the cause of the people agaiust the South would follow as effectually from 1 suited to the cultivation of cotton and su- ; of the Jewish law-giver Sir, the reason
cause of the true Democracy the passage of this bill, as if the Wiimot I gar. If so, it is my deliberatetconviction 6iven .v our Saviour for this toleration
proviso, or any other form of exclusion, that slaveholders should be allowed to set-! Indy auoru us.an instructive lesson. In
were adopted. How, then, is my honor tie there. I do not deny, I have expressly answer 10 an inquiry irom his disciples
MR. BADGER, OF N. C,
saved? If 1 am disposed to fjive up; if admitted, that Congress has the power to respecting the law of divorce, we learn - tened by the influence of
for any consideration I am willing to yield prohibit slavery there. Believing this to --that Moses suffered this evil to continue : True, there are cruel m.v:
the interests and feelings of niy cons'titu , be so, 1 have made no attempt to support j " account of the Jews' hardness of heart. are cruel husbands and cn;c !
S ents, why not do so at once ? 1 1 can see the cause of the South by denial or eva
nothing on the score. of honorjo b gain- i sion. But I say to our northern friends,
...iu...u: l I tUn. :r ........, : .1 . .1 . . I
Bill Offered bd Mr. Clayton in the Senate cu u lu,s wr- ,l i aud,lcu, ,u
U J J I Tif r a t I i. '.i Iivatinn n t on Mnn Anil ntrnr . shivcnnlnprQ
iur. dl'tlek. j s i nave nan somn oi " - wv0...,w.
the difficulties under which tile Senator 1 should be allowed to people it, and I de-
as a Compromise of the Question of Sla
ve ry in the
the Senate oi
lemtones : Delivered in i , r i: J ii t sire to obtain for them that advantage.
: iiuui i'juiiii kjcii "jiini nj'jjc.iis iu inuur. i -
the U. S., July 26, 1848. ! beg to ask him what would M ihe state Certainly I cannot consent to surrender it
t . in ill riw in v aia i - ' 'Lacir tu i .uiiifir- - - ---------
i ! nia, if the laws now in force there were
Now. here we learn that Mr. Pincknev ' lft nnliMno-Pil 7 Can Up nnint nut. nv
voted ftir thisj exclusion of slavery from ; mode by which our rights would be more
the territory, not reluctanly, because no- secure, without repealing the laws now in
thing better could be obtained, but be- force ?
cause he had dll along been an advocate of Mr Badger. I think I could point out
if, and must, therefore, have thought it a VPry just and equitable mode, which
ootn constitutional arm expeuitMii.
The human race began with a single pair, i is that a reason for immrdi
one man and one woman, and that insti- j ing the authority of all m j
tution, divinely established, was intended , and husbands? I assure or.t
to be perpetual. Yet Moses, that wise ! humanity towards slaves is
law-giver, zealous as he was for the honor l rule, and inhumanity the t x
we look upon the exception .
toleration as they do. Nc
a ... I I .--.- I . . I n nuinttT C n e 1 m I i M r . . .
would savfi thf honor nf mm thp nartips tn J . . ' y . J , . .
Mp.iKinr. I TWs th Spnatnr intpnrl to i .l -t t . i to these territories the slaves ot the South.
what Quarier :tliey moy ; but to " pursue the even tenor j convey the id;a f hat Mr. I inckney was in ! ever now to do with the measure before
f my way,"whhout turning to the right or to the left favor of a restriction upon a State enter- ; us wj icj is reCommcnded to ds, as 1 have
A nU turn iKirt i I . . t 5 F T I I I I 1 . - . I I I
ingtnt? union oywnicn slavery was to oe ; before remarked, because it!
excluded froni it I : honor. I say, according to my
Mr. I3Ar.GEF. Why, certainly not. He it savcs no such lhing .
M su. ru.jf ac wi. .a.,. ,f Rf T.rlpn ln,L.;fJinvn,tPPrpmPllv.
Mr. King. That he was opposed to which has been indicat(I .- woula not
illlV I "o I It 1 IUII UU4JII 111C Ulrtic UI lUMSUUI I ; . . , . i . i it
tie J t . i be obnoxious to the same objection f .
I m H AW m- m m m . . tm.mmi m a tr- c L.
O " I f r .- T .1-1- T
Thl U.-.ucnnnntP. ! Hlf. DAUGEK. llllllllv 1 COU
M ti Wjfwwwva j
to notice the in
Wiih considerations of high respect and esteem, your
friend and obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR.
Will the dditor of the Standard and other kindred
prints publish this letter T Did they not publish the Pen
der alander, charging tjiat (en. Taylor had said in refer
ence, to the disturbance which occurred in -the North
.1 Willi. m 11111 I, ly I ft . illV iVIIIVl 10 VWIft. . " ( II I I I
duihonorably discharged and the privates shot." They ! Mr. 1 lficknesaid :
of God and the purity of his people, sought
not an instantaneous correction of the evil.
Hence, for hundreds of years, the divine , which I hey propose of con fir..:
1 have been extremely pained at the institution - marriage remained suspen- i of the United States witlin t
course of observation which has been in- ddand polygamy was tolerated and open- now occupied by them has r.
dulged in by several gentlemen in speak- '. practiced, until the Jews, by a long ' commend it. but is in every r
ing upon this bill ; and having expressed, curse of training under the divine dis- ! tionable. It does not dimii;;
fnTlv and Iranklv.'mv own onininn unon pensations, had become gradually prepar- 1 her of freemen-it tends not lo ;
J J 1 J - ir.L. . .: - e . i : : i . !..
eu ior ine resturniiuti oi me uriginai mw ancipauon, except, poiuiN ,
in all its purity, and to bear, without re- J day, and then by a convuh!
bellious dissent, its authoritative re-estab- j sequences of which arc too !
lishment by our Saviour. I adequately conceived. Ti t
Take another instance, having a pre- . continuing efject of that p. i:
tner to uiminisn or ueiay v
ment in the condition ol t!.i
the question of power, I will add some re
marks addressed to what I consider the
tWy bound to publish this letter. Will they do an
juatlc to orw wh has never wronged them or their par
ty t We fear not ; former practice on the part of these
papers, fotbuls any such belief. " i
I claim no exemption from those biases ,
which belong to my particular position, cise analogy to the case under our con- ;
but I will say this, that if I know myself, sideration. When the apostles went forth '
(a very difficult matter, I am aware.) what lo preach the religion of salvation, they
1 am about to say is the honest conviction found the institution of slavery existing
of my understanding. What is the true everywhere and exisling everywhere in
position, then, of this question, upon which a form more oppressive, with authority,
our friends from the North have spoken in the master far larger, and the exac- ,
the first lions upon the slave tar greater than in
i in such indignant terms! In
d mention place, it is not proposed to introduce an ; our own country. Yet, the laws of the
i . i . i ' . ..... . 'r tr. i
to the restriction upon the State, but that one- 1 repeat, sir, mat, in my opinion, oy additional slave upon the soil ot America, iioman empire noi oniy piaceu no res-
cal and moral ; and while it
some loss of comfort lo the i:
assuredly bring great and
the slave. On the contrary,
has every good, and, to far
evil tendency. All we df sir
allow the present slave p
M; And .f h .Mheirpnrpose .nd def re dunngthiscam. ; - r -f j i . . ' . this measure we surrender the! whole and We ask no such thino;. On the contrary, ! triction upon emancipation, but encoura
paign noao do any thing d,shonor,e ,ney .re nonor- ; - - - . , nolhinR in return. K it were to be I venture to sav that no man can be found ' ged and favored it ; and the slaves being
OCt Ol C I IVi t IJVfl a, ,iiv vv . Ob wiuvvi i w ' tm a v I 1 I I - I
Mr. UalhoIn. I believe Mr. Pinckney ! lue i"Pisl uiung an enu 1,0 tins um. m ttie nortnern portion oi toe union, ui mc snmu vuiui nw mc maain,
. ....' . ! rrorniw unil A i at i i-ctm n i i i n r niTiljalir.il if it. l... k 'tl.u mnct ultrn nf nil nbnli. ' Sltlfi d i fflCU 1 1 ieS d id not exist With them
was am aooimonist. . .... e - 'uuub " . n,. niinu-Unvp.i
T u U.oKln . would bring peace and quiet to tne coun- t on sts. who s more thoroughl v. absolute- , as wun us, 10 an immeuiate restoration 3 """;..""". 7
out any addition thereto, to
over fsuch territory, if any. a i
ly suited to slave cultivation,
rob you of nothing, for sue'
not suited to the free laborer
M AWAKE! WISE! OR JJE FOREVER
t 1 FALLEN."!
We are pleased lo see that our friends in some parts
of the country are beginning to understand, that the
. ' r i i t . ... n, ,n
kind with re
i ....! trr I tirMilr) nrn linmp ;imnno rnv nnnit't. 1.. .1 ll.r nnnnvaA tn thp int rr.lnrt inn , nf llhertV tO the Whole OT to anV COnSld-
no mane a rftmark- oi mat j ""j e ..v , u iukui. " 'hu"iu " wv" . . . : . .
rirn. tnn HitinIriiiv:h4oH rrpn. uents, and appealing to them as citizens Qf African slaves into the country, than erable portion, ot the slave population.
a member of this bodv and , . , , ,. , r , are the entire population ot the fcoutn. j iow, inc unuoumeu oujeci oi ine uin
now in; his grave, will give us some
of it. !
nomination pf General Tavlob is Bot equivalent to his : stated.!
flection. The.OTer-confidence of n l'-e strength
of the General's name at one time threatened our defeat.
It seemt to jtare indaced the U-liefv that all the ordinary
mean and Agencies for putting the requisite number of
Totes into tljt ballot boxes might tie safely omitted.
The circulation of documents, the rganization of vigi
lance clubs,'the efficient and harmonious action of the
, an(1 !. , are the entire population ot the South. iNOW, me unuouoieu oujeci oi ine nris-
nroof ' Since ,his scech w as del,ve;(1('' 1 request- , Northern gentlemen take up this subject , tian religion was to denounce all sin, and
1 ' ed ihe Hon. James A. Pearce, of 11 ary land, to f some theor in itself not sound, and to extirpate all moral evil, and to bring
ncriii.n if hi fnulri. from smnR n ill hen U nt l vg ! . . J . ! i i i rt.: :
nsrpitnin. if he rnuld ' from some authoiitativc
The fact is as I have gOUrCe5 ihe true opinions of Mr. j'inckney as
to slavery: in order to vindicate hiiin from, what
if n mi 1T:- ? . .'.I
JYir. padger. ine very paper wnicn l I deemed, an imputation upon nisi memory.
read rdfutes the charge that Mr. Pinckney ! Mr. Pearce wrote, in consequenee! of this re
was an abolitionist. i quest, to Wm. Pinckney, a son of the late dis
Mr. CauiQUN. No charge was prefer- liuguished Senator, lawyer and statesman, from
rrl I nn v kfnfPff that Mr- I'incknev is wnom lie receivea an answer, ine ionowing ex
IfNI .vil gw . '-' --"- - J
the condition of the fclavr.
that of thn master ; and du
class of our. population, j
Mr. President, I beseech
friends to let these views 1.
fluence upon them. Sir, 1-t
central committees, the oral discusxion of men and mea
tei it political meetings of the maHa all these modes
f concentrating political action, a,nd rendering it efll
cieat, appear la have been abandoned. General Tv-
lot WTttiC elected bkyond nocBt has been the uni
ble to abolit
i in universal moral eroocl. 1 his is its un
pears tome; they tell us that slavery is doubted tendency, and this was the Un- , the wise example or tho A ,
wrong, is an evil, and, therefore, they are doubted purpose of its inspired teachers, a just diliidcoe oi uic-ir c a(
resolved that those who are now slaves If slavery is an evil which ought not to , vwe a better moi !e of don ;:
shall not, under any circumstances, be re- , be at all tolerated, but is of such a deles- t.mate Booa allow s, xu
. . iu r. i.Klo ntnre as to be utterlv irreconcila- ' tbeir slaves to occupy SaC.i .
movfu imu icuuu.j uw , n .-- : . .urjl.o,! and not -
ku tnth ru 1 1 r I riii a in n n n i nr;iritrp. il v .
gJl V 4 i 11 a v-iaaw-a. -...v..vvv
nd doctrines nnu prauuti j iu
cn eliitll fnnvr remain frpfi. Now. in
ftjv.. w...... ... i i Hr.trinoa tk ml nr.iri iff i in
.... . r . m - . . I ml. . nr 9 tlA tet-kLVlfkO M 1 11 UL.il llll tJ -w''W- ' -
knownho have entertained views favora- ! tracts from which I am allowed by my tr.end, this, are they dealing with the suhject as was so n. uie tun 3 . ."-" n"less ftnd beneficial vx:
Mr. Pearce, to publish, and which at once ex. practical men It is a great question, as mspireu men, mej .v u - - normIt ln nr:ne:njrs (
i: .u r. ...l:..u J r'olk.,.,'., 1 .-.i i r: i 1 V. u-Kat va ihi miirse nnrsnprl hv them them pennu iue? iiin.ij t'
k ti I i t ii u , piu.ii me uttasiuu u un uii.ii mi:. vyiuvU.. a ana is em l ea to a lair aim urnuucai con- x i n r na r
xuvr. uadger. II lie naa neen an nu ...... ;,.,) nnrl i.nrrn ihpiormr- ., ...... tv.. i ' .u-;n roLron in thl inslitnlinn ? As thev
.... . . ill e r iiwi V......VU, vui.. w... . Slueraiion. ve unvu auiun us inc iiisu- iii j
olitionlst, hej would ha e been in favor of , m hft ma(Je converts who werc s,ave ownerSf
exciuuu gery iro n ine oiaic oi iu.s- ; a he LegUlature of Maryland, when responsible. It was forced upon our fore- ; did they direct, or even recommend, the
! soun. ! Dut aet me add, that with regard!. m ,uara niaw .Uf nAirp - . j ; i i ' ; n,nQto nr r-vn "raanal pm.incination
r ' - r t- i .u a LX-' v .v"""6 ...-j , . atners dv avarice, anu power irum nuiuou. iuiuuh'v e --,
versat resDose of cood and sound Whigs, when the lack ; to the Opinion OI iMr. I'inCKney on tntS ,..l:u miahi oive. slioht rrrmind; bf susoicion t-. . i i .Lj i : :: ' nf iUir davps ? Did thev teach christian
. .. , i i .i . . j .: i .i .......... "...w.. ....0... & -- c--- 0 r- - i inr. nowever nrouueeu.. neic is inc insti- . " j - .
rj ...ii j . .: : u:kr.... I... K.n iK 1 cnhior ir rnnnm no in dip ki icrnf ..cr ip. r .t r e ...u:u m n.- Li,.,,. i. ,. i i s .
n lr r 11 U rillUIR'l I a I Itl I V 1 1. (I I i.tui ua. ist. .ft gui'Jl'V.f f ... . . v. w.ftM..ftj. " - -
ajcrt of itgTet or comment. ; i gree important whether he
public ojinion may flow in an unimpeded current in 1 tionist jor not. If Mr. Pinckney
f nholishinsr slaverv. he r
U JZ r .Z r , Th.... i s, Ae the difference ! W.n Abolhionis.. ! take them mlosucn por.ionsm n,s ' ---( T " . largest attainable .monr.t. .
J.,.. ':..." :i.i,...,;.r0inJi.!h...h!j to what should he i "I remember when the Missouri nucs.ion territory as aomii oi ipeir prouiauie e...- '"..1 ,hii..m ' od lve. l virtue an. I.
-uw (win me niu. v.i. r.v . , i ... . l . a n nvmpnt r Whom will it lnitire ' 1 nose o turiaiinn sums lunaiuj.- -
Tl LoCorocop.r.rw.renrbti.trdrilW.nd done, rind the power of this Government was ag.tal.ng the country, and .t as under, plojment . nom "ill l '"JJ" . I nos affectine consideration ol their
-..tw,h.L..i.l.r,mo,n,. Nr.;t0 do !,. ? must therefore infer, out f lb.! Mr. Wackae, .drte ; whol" remote ad h l ; ?n " tn Chri4. Thev urged up-
i.W,.eBr..r.h..ltr.bo.mor.1ho. Uecentlresrct, to say nothing of a high j ?lrfV.U: "tiUT " " ""'h sur.ar. on christian masters the du.y of kindness.
s. o,lmirnt nn. fnr th vtrnrd narv ab t.v aie gentleman rv " " - - - - i . . tK-ir hv re?.
thev do not propose to go there to pursue mourrauoii. iU. ...... j -
ie subjects of
I .1 m. L .... I .li1twTm lt
iui me iiiicicin.. ...ft. ..... ---,,:, OM,i omnno fr a rp npar v itirpft s aves III." .'icj " l uul-u,v ---
was an aho l- ! .:..-a . i,i crJ, h;a anrh nn!thR Mis.n. "" "" e : . , .u-: " -t.:..: m,ct. Fnr tion.
1 ii. cu at uui cui.ji w.... - - - - - - 1 1 - i" i . . "v . r. . n x c ii n in i ir 1 1 iiii I m ii 1 1 11 ill .i I o . a m..
... . . . i. . . e ii . l millions oi slaves. iuw, imi is iu uc su.i, -
Was 111 r nupst on. de hvered in the full matunly of his ,., i rr fmm It Thev t.iupht a slaves cxe
i .... , ! ... - r the consequence oi a owing tueir urns- " j ,
nust ne- , vpars. vnnd annihilate anv sunDOSilioti of hfs 1110 . . 1 . . . . .. . u.. i;:.,c rlnir nf nh.dinre lern,
are sddressint; public riieetings; there they , - De gxcuWd, his moral character COUld w
ing aubscripiiona. In another place we find j nQt Uresirved, he would Stand charged i
led in committees, sending out circular, and , jJI with having violated his oath, j a
Omenta, tkcrrri nr. emrin rimnlnl inrr K rf Trtn ' nf
4ir bretkren. These efforts ar harmonious, active,
fllcient, ami unfreraa:. They reach, through the bold
ttitUn'cf the Otfte-holdtrs in the Post Office,
Ulmge, eerf hamlet, throughout the Republic
V tk SL Jshn'e U the Rio Gtbnde. In what rriuBl
uc, ", " J f" U a gentleman of this city, well known as a ed to the cultivation of cotton and sugar, j on christian masters iur. uu.
adyyHf ul.ra Aholiiionisi, called on they do not propose to go there to pursue moderation, toward, heir .
rVftMl I P. and reminded him of the yery speech this cultivation with free labor. If. on the ; minding them that all chn
he did hot aoubt the power of Congrew . q Mf CalhouDf a d Mp. al lhe ar lhis territ is not adapted to as well as slaves, were t
When he Wfote that letter, bir, he cou d ; RamA ,:mp .hal his course : the Senate notr .u:a ,ri,;tf; n man will willinslv ; one common Master "CI
union and co-operation of the Office-holders. i admirationjfor the extraordinary ability j
"er hare they been more open, loud-mouthed, and
-eleiai in j their- Interference witH an -election. From
. " . " ; tca v. .lavil .tlllllT anu iiisuivhvv.-
- - , ,
the influence of divine c L a r ; '
ually still more diffused j am -and
slaves, force nothing f
due and premature exerti
may rely confidently that i
time it will be seen not by
but by those that co rf
rything has, upon this -'
worked out well ar. 1
Sir. I occupy a peculiar ;
this subject, and have felt U
myself and my constituent
far as I was abl, that po-iii
So far as I know myself. I
vate ends td servp. incor sN'
..i ;nn in I h nijlilie o. ..
1 uiiuii .v i - -
ted foul wrong upon the Con-
his country, if he had advoca
ted arid votbd for that restriction perma
nent. DerDtual. and looking to all time
i h a - '
whie Be ddubted'thc power of Congress
same time that his course in the Senate now this cultivation, no man will willingly j one common Master y nr s . 1 f Maryland (Mr. John
would he in harmony with his supposed feel- his BaVM vvhere their employment treated this relation like ,e suPl con
it, on the occasion referred to. My fa.her wm bp injurioug of unprofitable to him. they found existing among men, tn cing . h ie penJinu.
assured him that the speech in question was v .il unon some fanatical no- the duties which sprung out ot it. rerspie mensuj COni.-x
that of a young man just entering Hito poliuca n ise h term in no disrespectful j lively, to the parties by religious mou , - - . - Jnllu
life, and thai any especiation. of the friends ot u . elerJentarv ! and considerations. They did not make al lo... - nent,v (
abolition derived from that speech were wholly f ,QV.orv: n inst;tul;on which haste to abolish w
1 IlPl U IU UU. ...w .
. ' 1-.. ;,f Vtmv conduct independent
nai uirj .i.Mw -.TonnTCf
ShenT man-.conceived an evi.. bu.. cxercsmg a . :