. . i : i i ".in
i. i ::
' 1 ,
-i sil,it-!lptiof, jpr yir!, IVo Doi-Ia Repayable "in
LltuW 1 'Hut tf-pot piikl in'odvo'pceyTwo dollars
'itJ!vl"'0yVtV. wSl IVcharged, . . j .
toTtMilt.vr-i iterji'l mfil for thf first, and 25 cts.
ff rf ut' pf-nt iriseflforv. Court orders, charged
!3r?Vct' i"'"'r ,!'lin tKcfe rates. yUY liberal deduc-
!tiii 'iif!tlio' who; nt( rtUe hy the. yfar. '
JirrVss to ih? B.ditors rnust lr post pfuu.
Frtyip the Is'orlh Carolinian.
'..! ' layrtteville, Feb. oih, 1819.
Editor :r I have; seen a great deal in tie
atcly, hi; favor of lho PUnk Road ; am
; lli ,'j KEtr a check rrox aw, rbrR ' . ' '''felllt Dorms, axd Ijjtckttts safe." (
T)T TTTT?D 5 Cy T A ? K
Editors tfc Proprietors; - f
VOLUME V, NUMUnil 45.
jSfLISBURY, N. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1849.
hou Yoftraclf rrvay be an .W-ocat of it, A JWXV avij xvl.
i ' T i . ' . 1 . i . 1 i ....ii ill irtrr i i !
imvzrr:: ' . the tjumbcrs of cmltox.
It may be tbnt we take a dep interest in
tbll road j'JjbtVe dunt lake much slock !. and
,.fi!,(. mutter i.thatl we will not
io an r -; can as as inp. r ipsnp mnnc rvt trmr'Tiit. kir,-j"v- ci,cj iiijust a ways liu irss i eust iiitir mnrp nan in nt thnt whioJi , .u n. .
bafo lhe.;:rbadvpn any terms ; and I think we L nibation nd "conveyances throucrll tbft". I lpcnsi ve-than conveyance by land. ThFs j must he incurred in makine them of iron. ! from everv LrtvS ihn Knion.Cr .K.n ..f! fPauIel8 and .'a,hei Plai uniRirm. ..Net
hd os well top talking about it at once, lest tribr of a countrv. At nresentn oniri. Qid continue true till by the perfection now 1 If. this' be true in the northern nartof our i witnessing lhe interim mronnv c,m
.r.L h,ifna u .;.,;i .1., t . . .. ---i ;r -r B,:.wi : i : i -i i .ft . . . ' . . . : r . ' "r
we,jnKi; ! v99iuji;t .iiiuic nuicu- , ion is well cstah ished thv -pxnoripnrp Jh 1 4 cuiiMiucuon ,oi roaus anu i country, it must
i i " No. II. j
We have been accustomed to jconsider
canals as the cheapest means of 'comtriu1
ence will hereafter be given to the satis
faction of every man who would ingenu
ously and diligently inquire into this most
Important and interesting subject. It has
Jjeen common to remark, and it has been
fantil lately received as a maxim, that con
jjVeyance by water must always be less
On motion 'of Mr. Daul. of JlIasiacLuVeil.
tho lion. David II. Atchison, Senator fnini
Missouri, was rhojen Pr2Lideiit pro tenu of tie
Senate.. (Ail the "prcVedi;si fT the Smate
will be found. Tinder ilie ScnatotiUl head, in an
other column.) ' -. - v 5 1
The Diplomatic Corps were next announced
and presputpd, on t!:ecntre, the Ti?ualimno8iri2
spectacle, created by so numerous ' a-bod of
fin. looking men, arrayed in that most gor
geous costume which European aiage has as
signed to these representatives of National
Sovereignties. We see, in this country, so lit
tle of i hi sort of dip!ay, that .when, on great.
State oecasionj.it dies appear,it is sure to
draw all eyes. At tho head of the corps was
M. Hodi sco. whose well. known figure, rectf
military, aud covered with glittering orders, !
traded the notire of all observers. -There
strength and firmness, out of wood, at a ! ,ne rreat IWtirn nf th'panifnl. Thn i was lho representative of the Germanic Slate
cost little more than half of that which tude of th nnn nml,l, I .ho 1 a cPs and sage.looking man, with large
"Wards the point of destination, must be j
attended with signal advantages in es- ;
capmg most ot thesc.cmbarrassments.
From riif Natioual Inttilisencer, Narch Cth. !
At the appointed time yesterday the Inaugu.
i j -i . , niunn oi uenerai Aacnary i ayior, as Tresi-
maj be constructed with all necessary ! dcnt ofthe Un5tpd glar ook Uce in fronl of
prayer, delivered byihe" Rcr. MK Slicer, diap.j
lain to the Senate. " ? V ' ; !
lived onL hi ease and obscurity 5 and at least
cvctppd maiMng . ourselv.es a la'Hghing stock.
1? iit M 0 ! wc must need be talking of internal
improver lent ; charging our State -with nar.
row minted policy, and boastingivhat we. co;jld
j, if slui would only give, us a start. . Little
4id'wc suspect she would' so-soon put us to tho
1 him was seen the round, nentlemanlr. Unr
. o j
. . ! . "mm m m .
,iW nmlnoMf!,. n r,C ,,r nnw.ii la l.nvfli l.pnn mnA in . I cm countenance oi 31 oiis. La Weron, tbe ,wor-
The iRstincr nndntnntinl before collected in Washin-Ton. Th WMih. 1 lh V,,".s,e.r l,f hc ncioat raonairhy of Spam,
, . , .i . , ' a striped ribai
JWtbai weare. now. Great P.ritain atuUnrnu-n mmX ! larnages, it is rio longer correct in a com- ! own state
Mfwetiad held our tongues, we might have trai t,as )een mttn in tho trrnt,4f parison jaf rail roads and canali Let it I pine abounding in our low ronntrv. nnd er was, upon the whole, though the skv was
: to'1 I t i i ,t r. i I..- i -1 . . " " ' -i j. i ' i ... . i . .
ntlfl nnrtpptinn that i.Kn : Li- ; I'
unit uii inii'iuau is utl
many accounts superior, and ouzht to be.
nr.fpprn,t I'kn n.-M ..vi.i -a L finv amount m
power is fortunatelv sft ffill andl nnniu. Without damage
S. T 1 - Vf-kV n Wnan . -1 L I I 1 1 I .1.3 ILIII1 II . k I i I M I III" II fill l III I III I I'M I M nn TX'A1T r-'l rv vvaa v M
i i.. . uu us icmuveu, e f, , ,l . .., n -ftr . . i n, j-j: : x r ric and dimension were unfolded lo the
nveu on jy 10 examine it lor ourservcS7 . "-'-".y11 v ,l j iuc uirecuon 01 an engineer, as i)r
- . I - ' "li aa. o a l w VUUUU , IIWVI I . C? J - j
xc considered that, by firmness arid solidi the no less solid oak of the western part, eluded, as pleasant as could have been looked
y construction in rail roads, burden to ; would leave us nothing to desire in com- for in bis particular season of the year. At the
lav be earriiwl nrinn tbpm ! nae.tnP .rlnrKil.tv n,! ono.fm,. Drcalio1 day the strains of martial music re
jc to the road, and by the Jerials. The work too, would be-of a sort ' SOU,nd f?s lJie Pr,ncTaf
evel of the iron rails, .and ! that could be executed by our own peo- ' liundrcus of tar-panglt
ivenues of (he cilv
ed banners of eve-
j "v' t, . , .i . . . i . ... "-- ureeze. i no oens oi ine cnv iiifn mn
fafc IJk.nn(v,rtnuately ,he has! taken in ear- After the failures and dlsappofntmerits T iron n , Is inat.run "P" then? i Well as by any that could be found in oth- out a 5tirring peal, and Ion- before the usual
ocs(, whkt it npy appears was mere Uavadd ; ! which North Carolina has suffered in tier I orTes to be. iess resistance from friction er countries. It is computed that the in- breakfast hour the IVople were wendin- their
be easily had in the
mi. we Arc now raii'Mit in rini own tmn iKni nasi r mrts ivp. cltr. nt aitt l.oi. 1.-.
'ivorxla'otV Pir rjwn ihouths condemn us.- Our-j. cd the valuable lesson, to inquire faithful-
nas given us me cnaracipr anu me lu,. ; iy, and arrive at a lull knowledgf, befoji-e
andlis novy losing to us to complete the ( an application of the public fu lulls . 4 a
,uh cr.piion of stock and Uiid the road. , srnall expenditure properly directly in the
f ,,v.w ;v ";("" ' ' v"""umtu employment o an En
i me u.aii.1 mi' ud.uuu i -uuiiais r in."U"i!(i in un.
ertnlic the matifigcment of $'200,000 ! (not to
'l! . U . aLA . r . .1 . v i ..
monunn inc irpuuiv oi coasirucung nic roau it
elf) kyhn in fict we had not as I believe, any
serious idea', ellhcr of doinn the work ourselves
f baviiig it tltinc for Us, if'we could avoid it.
And herb wo : st and, utterly confounded at our j
tuct;eis unable to go ahead, and yet ashamed
to the carriage, than from the water of i terest of the monev which most ha nrid
he jcanal to the boat that passes througif I for the iron more than for the wooden
ft. From these two circumstances toge rail way, is more than sufficient to defray
ther it must result, that the same ;hors4 the expense of renewing it, at the time
power will be able to carry even morrj when it shall become necessary. The
Engineer, such'as may !Pon a rai' road than upon - a canal. It i consequence must be that the latter is the
3 United Statils ht fnln Js '!Ped the reader will not imagine that j cheaper of the two in 'the end, and it re-
ck- pvnrv fi,;,! !hly 1S romancing, or that it is said to an4 i quires far less funds for its first accom-
. . f "-ro i-i.,, tl . ..: r ;
relating to it may be estimated andmilly as- 4,, iiU'l'uaB; ue correct comparison i nisMiiiieiu
i. . .1 iL : a ' t' f ill; rwy '
ceriauieu to trie sansiaction oi an, l ins is
the mode of 'daing such business, practise d
in other states and other parts of tlie world,
where works of this kind are cairried op.
Such men as Judge Wright. Jaqiles Ged-
pi advantages between these methods ot
transportation foir produce and merahanl
disc, and the evidence to satisfy our minds
If they be not already satisfied, will befj mcr for a considerable time in the winter,
. 'l.rtilvoiir nosition ii oainfull ia
And J?tcr all, I think our punish- des, and many others, who have ben lorl
OUT puniSIl nu wnii o, v uu ixxi ijtruil lUlii; f j. , . .
Trientsircaterthat. we deserve., I adu.lt that .proved to possess practical skill apd integ- ! iulv.vcl IUCV "i 5 i , i
.... .. vi.- . i - -i ii i -a -i y". .ins ' tvi:ri)iwv iiiciu in tftiuu t:imu i lkiii. hi in:
wcoiavoi oi i,ir,p mauo consiucrau e oaraoe ot i rnv in ineir nroiession asiyivn '.npmnrs. . . '
'.-- . CO --r-7
wotdfl, and complained too much. JJut then,
tto l.Htatp might have known " it was just a
wsyjve Had"; at all events, tho management of
tnn Jmmcnso sum oi raone-y, anu tno road into
the bargain, is purely too sever a penalty for
j , me rely gasconading a little and slanderinjr
i one'l Sate. Ua this as it may, wo are not
I 'compelled to havo this road. I, for one, am
? opposed to it. My principles are conservative ;
I ,lnd Xvitliut a full and clear, demonstration of
1 tuvantatf omysetf- will not aid or Counlcn-
inc ah alterations of the old order of things.
ijocdjnottejl you that this road, or any thing
ibftt'invplvcs the expenditure of money, is pri
nia. jacipjut variance with all our pfinciplesof
toult and deed; but postponing letuile, I
vu'll ton knl rhysclf at present with three gen
ralrn 'ositioiis, That we doj not desire the
road jj' t tat we have a natural diftasto for heavy
Uu si rl c 6 i transaction : and that wo shoulil be
rnore fully presented hereafter.
way in immense masses to the Capitol.
At nine o'clock one hundred gentlemen, who
officiated as Marshals, mounted their horses in
front ofthe City Hall and proceeded in a body
to Willard's Hdtel, for thf purpose of paying
their respects lo General Taylor. Having been
escorted to the long Upper Hall of the Hutel,
anr. r.Trnnrrrr I Vi r m el v.a !n n lino llio Pra !
8. Another disadvantage incident to ' dent F.lprrmanV his smncsrancp. Unin .mn,.
canals in a comparison with rail roads, is ; the arm ofthe Mayor ofthe city, and proceeded
to shake the hands ol the geni'.emen present, as
a return lor their polite salutation. 'I he Gen.
the interrupjion of business upon the Tor-
4. The expense of making canals, andj
from their becoming frozen.. This is an i eral was dressed in a plainUuit ot black, and
are at any time attainable upotf proper
inquiry, and a reasonable compensation
for their services. Nor should a single
step be taken in commencing any work,
until it is rnmnlpfplv r.PtPrm.norl nht nw u1 ue proviUCCJ
the terms, what arc the means, and wlJt I ??r crossing it, to prevent the commutiica
arc the advantages. We have had enough ! onjetween one part of a farm or neigh-
of precipitation, of unqualified undertak
ers, of schemes , heedlessly commenced
and then deserted in a half finished statcj,
and altogether enough of wasted supplies.
This unfortunate mode of prosecuting
plansdf public improvement is rarely if
ever wuuesseu in oiner countries, anu
evil which it is true prevails more in nor
thern latitudes than in our own. It is one, ;
them in good condition, and in? i however, from which we should bv no
the erection ana maintenance ot bridges means be exempt, especially in the high
over them, is greater than any such ex-J er parts of our ce'untry. But in the depths
pense necessary to rail roads. When ar of summer we must be much more sub-
Canal is made through a country, meansi; ject to deficiency. of water in the streams
musi De proviaeu at convenient distances?! on which canals depend lor their supplies.
On such causes as these the rail road is
l y I , wv.qi. -
borhood from being cut off from another.
1 his brings on a multitude of contracts"
between the public and the owners of
.lands along the line of a canal, for mak
ing and keeping up bridges through all
future time. And if there be any road
Crossing. the site of the canal, a bridge,
there is not the least necessity for it here. i Pust be maintained at the public expense
In the remarks notos,be made, the I ior ever T1? highways may; not be
iiiit-1 1 uineu. i ins expense oi Dnuges muse
Continue to be levied ln-perpetuity by tollsf
oliject is to show in what respects rail
roads are preferable to canals, f J
1. It is obvious that in determining the
jjipon the canal, and through all time act
dmrfn. Jo . dur w.ts end by the intinda .on of coure of a canal b continSallir s a burden .updn the transportation of
ludwJ,,ch it would .nevdabiy bona upon us. j d . , e n u f caVrvine it Zoods' ln reard to ral1 wys these dif
I r, AVS are a quiet, ph.ddmi race) mind.ng our -ij "a 1 t meY a surt lqulties aImost entirelr vanish Mp" and
ftU'tl lll!lkm(K J. VvllPrn wh linvo nnv ! n ,ninl
. - r r -.j , l i r . r,t .'
firmli' ibt against risks, and PoniPiitinrr ftllr. anu suiiicieni supply ot water. litllS OCT
; wives ilth the drippiugs of trade, rathe" thani-0810"8 llie meandering of canals along
l-i .i'-LIH L J.li.: :.. . i r .rr .. . tbn lmnk' f rivers ami lnnlincr ItViorvi tih
uty..aiu i uuuai in an uut v-iiUJit L'liou 10 luru
tbe ttiaiii current in our Wu direction. . In fact
vre saould feci rather nervous if wosawHt com.
lug ot il'selt. We liavo never injured our neigh.
uvuij uv piuiciug iiway ineir iraue, iior eicitca
lacirienvy or loaiousv oy any exhibition oi
I J' r 1 J J
iplcnuoiun our tpwn arrangemcntsu Indeed
ft a. ..
lo rotiiarkatilo. arc wo in this respect, that we
Eavj:(sen Vilininglon and Raleigh going up,
jeif after year, without a single effort of rival-
K if Qtvany overt -art of selfiehne6 whatever.
jj;)Vej irei, essentutllv a philosonhical pooplo :
lavjn- but little faith in the theory of internal
horses can cross them any where without1
njuryljand all that is necessary for the
grossing of wheels is a piece of titnber let
nto the ground along the side of the iron
fail, and high enough to prevent the1; wheels
the banksflf rivers, and leading Ithem t0
intersect streams at proper placets, so tha
their length , is extended far more than
aside: It is not nossible. tivft WnvPni pavement laid down upon the other side.
oral rule lor determining the proportion ! ?" this maimer provision is made Jfor any
of the whole line of a canal necessarily i oad.on which waggons or carriages cross
i , 1 ,li rail way. lam not aware that the
be necpssnrv. cnnld tl.k' rirrnml i n passing over it irom touching the rail
:n eSr,..f.nl to ihr.m- hp ii,nl I v U i Pe!bre il descends upon some little stone
9. It is continuallv evinced bv nresent
practice, that steam can be employed in
transportation by a rail road. A locomo
tive engine of ten horse power goes four
miles an hour with ninety tons in its train,
and twelve miles an hour with t wen ty five"
tons. As to canals for ships or steam
boats, they are wholly out of considera
tion, in speaking of such as are ordinarily
constructed through a country.
It has appeared then, from the whole
comparison here made, that for many rea- j
sons rail wrays are preferable to canals.
1 . Canals must generally be much long-
l er than rail ways, between the same ex
treme points. 2. A mile of rail way, even
if it be of iron, is less costly than a mile
of canal. 3. As large "burdens can be
transported with a given power in a giv
en time, upon the oue as upon the other.
4. The perpetual expense of maintaining
a canal with bridges and repairs is great
er than that which is incident to
striped ribaud crossing Lis breast and well
coming his porily person. A striking contrast
to the embroidered fifdeador of- some of his
neifihbors, Helgian and Meiican, (as Ave be.
liev.) vyas the comparatively undecorated figure
of our o!J friend M. Poussin, whose glossy hair,
piercing eagle eye, and ardent manner could
not be mistaken. The corps is now quite nu
merous, and filled a double row of seats on ibe
left of the Chair. Their brilliancy appeared
in fine contrast with the dark robes and grave
law f.iccs ofthe Judicial body, seated opposite
Vice President Dallas Lad for some time
been seen in the chamber, easily designated bj
his snowy hair and upright gentlemanly figure.
He occupied a s.eat in front .of the Secretary's
tab! and facing the seats of lire Senators.
By his side, sat a preceding ex-Vice President,
Col. Richard M. Johnson, whose reminiscen
ces wore possibly running back to the good oldv
days ofthe Jacksonian reijjn, but who seemed
I to look very good naturcdly upon all before
Mr. Dallas was observed to retire and, kf
ter a brief interval, was seen re-entering the
j chamber in company with the Vice President
j Elect, the Hon. Millard Fillmore, who looked
I in as fine, health as we eve saw hinJ, but not
in better health of body or mind than all who
know his worth wish him long to be. The fu
ture Presiding Officer of the Senate took the
vacant seat of his predecessor where the oath
of office was. administered tahim bV Mr. Atch
ison. The Chamber sinking at once into profound
stillness, Mr. Fillmore delivered with calmness
he appeared to be in tho enjoyment of his
usual good health: After the above ceremony
was ended, the Marshals retired to attend to
iheir official duties, and General Taylor return
ed to his own apartment for the purpose of pre
paring himself for 1
At half-pas! eleven o'clock the Procession
took up its line of march. All the arrange
ments were carried out according to the pro
gramme already published. The several mil-
itary companies, of which wc counted a dozen, and dignity tbe following brief address :
presented an imposing and beautiful appear- j Senators: Never having been honored
aui;o , anu is ujo procubsion moveu aiong
rennsylvania avenue towards the Capitol, ma
ny bands of music poured forth
maTtilil airs. Thft cirrianrp in which
t-.r) . . j j i r : assure you mat, i assume tho responsi
Biucui iitrui was escoricu was u awn oy iour : , r.i : I -.i.
J i ties Ot thl4 rn.Hf with a rnntrmm n-int nl t.
wiih a seat on this floor, and never having act-
iapiioi, ma. j eJ aa ,h. pre5ijjn? oiylcer of any legislative
t VtnPt i body' yo'J wil1 not doubl my fi,lceri,J wben 1
the l re- . a??ure vou tna.f j assurno tho responsible du-
handsome grey hoises, and protected from the
pressure of the multitude by the cavalcade of
the hundred marshals already mentioned. The
gentlemen who accompanied Gen. Taylor in
iiouse oi nepresentauves ana i tie Mayor
Washington. According to previous arrange
ment, however, when the General's carriage
arrived in front of the Irving Hotel where Ex-
j President Polk is sojourning, the procession
I halted, and Mr. Polk was handed into the car
! riage, and a seat awarded to him on the right
i ofthe President elect, who shook his predeces
i sor cordially by the hand. The appropriateness
ana aencacyoi mis movement was duly appre
ciated by the multitude of people who witnessed
it ; and thereupon rang out spontaneously nine
road. 5. Canals, esneciallv in asouthcrn : 1 onT and loud hnzrss.
! climate, may be well dreaded as sources j The Processsion resumed its march. Roth
of disease. 6. The face of ouri state, the i sides of Pennsylvania avenuo were thronued
quantity of water. It must di (Ter accord! i;jPriuges over the great Western Canal of courses of our rivers, and the ridges be-1 with human beings, all the way from Willard's
: u e i I iNew York have ever been numbered, but ft ween them, are peculiarly favorable to i Ho! to the Capitol grounds. Many of the
inrr In tt-io pirinmctottioo r C nrnrr rtnea .!
Illj, IKJ I. 111 bll VtllllOI.UUV1 O Ul V I V. II tiovr. r ! a r , . . . . , ii Sl I i
Perhans. however, it would not be extravl lifter having, passed with personal obser- the rail road.
r e will
II ' I". .. :l I. " :: rr:, vation from one end of that canal to the scarcely more than half as exnensive as ' er window was completely, blocked up with I
finonls. ami nreferrinir smof.c to steam, I. lu wuu irm l Lu,,. ;a-,ni,nion1,,t.0A i,f in .ui- ,ui 1 tt.Ko r.r ln tu;. ir: ,f ,u ! heads.
...'..:... i " ....
yp are. wedded to bur trancpjilitv and
not bo diVorcejL
mn, nvt0t tUt t i,,,.Bf -frtrtV. :Hpuicr, it is comeciureu mat in mq wnoie g iye oi iron, i neir inferior cost men.
HIUVU VAU III. Illlll UI JV. not Jl 111, it i A Pi I t 1 1 . I S ' 1 I ,1 ft i
not one third, isjikek to be added by this j fiance of three hundred and s,xty three j compared with that of canals, must give
,th thesQ. facts in vicvy, does it not seem single otyect. it was estimated dj the pf, , , , T .t. .... .. . Lj" , , .. . ,
t i- i n' - ir ..i i' : u - r l itiaii unit uuiiuicu. 111 olciliiii: iiiiA. it, is m"- 'y'in uuLtiiiuiauiii: auiiic iiitrLiiuu
LJ ; - I I rj
perience, and a just apprehenion that I shall
often need your friendly suggestions, and more
often your indulgent forbeaiancc. ' '
f clini.lfl inrllArl CiaI AnnrA.cAl tmmmA li.ti..W
carnage were the Speaker of tho ate : i; i , , n . , . ., u . .
c.m . ' j i ened did I not recollect that the Senate is com
se ot Representatives and the Mayor of ,,if . . , .. . ,
I'usru ui i iiiiur in Mairsiui'ii, rijuauy uiniinguisu
ed for their high intellectual endowments and
their amenity of manners whose persuasive
elorpioncc is sa happily tempered with habitual
courtesy as to relieve jour presiding officer
from all that would be painful in the discharge
of his duty, and render his position as agreea
ble as it must be instructive.
Thus encouraged and sustained, I enter up
on the duties assigned me fiimly icsolred to
discharge them wi:h impartiality and to the
best of my ability ; but I should do injustice to
the grateful emotions of my own heart, if I did
t not, on this occasion, express my warmest
thanks for the distinguished honor that has been
j conferred upon me, in being called by the voice
: of the Nation to preside over your deliberations.
It will not, I trust, be deemed inappropriate
Old men and women, Vounn men and congraiuu we ou nnon inc scene now passing
7. Railways of wood are 1 rok of tho houses were also covered, and ev
ould impose upon us.? In truth W'c are sore
Ij puied what to do yith tliis jnonev. It sur- '
friiei tis usi aV King Slotlj di( tho Frogs :
V$ jvould fain retreat from the public atten- j
iiqri, ivi; havo attracted, and retire to our old I
ltAnd jvhicb if it .was objure, was at least
safe-1. And t sir, you'll see, we will do ; it is
wtnortifjjng in tho extreme, but there is no hcl;
fri iti i Wo are HOt imidt? flr arcnl tliimra. mul
V:,l i t I i or ' " '
wo hie bettcback out at'once, than make any
f farther display f our incapacity. Uahvays
ait! wjo Would not succeed in any of our
than four hundred.
thought likely to fall, short of the reality
m. .. , . .. , :i T.. .
-Washington to Baltimore, must be three execeu u. in ineseeircum-
hundred and ninetv miles in lenMh. Hv i 1"- (;o"vll,cm evuieilce muppear,
.... v p- j-.
Jilainil lhat wo are constitutionally' unfit. to as- j United States Engineers, thatft canal froni j
iuinoVB" heavy;. n responsiiiiliiy as this road Pittsburgh iii Pennsylvania,' to pass by
the same, report, a raibroad from Balti
more to the Ohio would not be more thai)
two -hundred and fifty niiles. In this in
stance the rait-way is only five eighths of
the canal in length. In this distance of
three hundred and ninety miles by a canal,
Jhat the maintenance, and repairs, and
attendant expenses of canals mustplvays
E Of removing their difficulties of commer
cial intercourse among themselves, and
with other parts of the world. 8. Of the
Sft-Sft- wad .
nuaia ui vuut:i nnu ine uruuLMiis oi sum- i oi the inaurura ceTenionies
be greater than are requisite for
It is much to
unhealthy the part;
maidens, and children too, by the thousand,
were seen in cvry diiection, and the cheers
by which the excited multitude expressed their
sensation on the occasion were both hearty and
frequent. Tho time occupied by the process
ion in reaching the east front of the Capitol
before us. 1 allude to it in no partisan aspect.
but as an ever-recurring event contemplated
by the Constitution. Compare the peaceful
changes of Chief Magistrates of this Republic
with the recent sanguinary revolutions in Eu.
rope. There, the oicc ofthe people has only
been heard amid the din of arms aud the bor-
one hundred and forty miles are saved bv !)ie country along their route, I he mo- i
resorting to the-rail road. An exact 1 5 "iMon r "'ater in a 'canal, if therejbe any,
similar difierence will evidently not applj:s exceedingly slojiy, so as to approach.
mer, rail roads are independent. 9. The
force of steam is applicable on rail roads, :
but not on common canals. Were they
I S. Tt is much to bp nnnrehenderl that H11 all "other respects equal, this would be
canals mav render unhealthy the ;parts of sufficient to decide the superi(
September 8, 1827.
woe nlriit nnn hniir ninl n fl n r itiri rrnrlni-i-i
, ........ r.i .: n- i. . t ... i - ' '
ies, the booming of rors o, oomuc cmnucis , imu nrre, in our own
me extremity of the !-fvored land, under the C-ndancc of our Con-
superiority of rail
icbern: I said so of lho Rail Road, and it i in other examples, butjUiis is onento shovv :, stagnation . liiis is especially the case s Li W & (JP NOKTll lAKOLliNA.
I&iled.) L said so ofthe canal. I said so of this .what an excess in length, and consequent-i' n'onS levels, unless the canal bp made j ; -.
wun sucn asceni as 10 occasion a currenr,
artillery resounded from one
: city to the other.
THE SCENIt WITHIN THE CAPITOL.
. The scene presented by the interior of the
Senate Chamber was highly impressive. It
i would be ditlirult in this or any other country
i to find a spot Vhich included within the same
, space more of distinction, whether we attach
t to that term the mere elevation of place and of
position in human society, or that truer eleva-
iW,iioad, and, though, thotnet reason 1 ly m expense, is sometimes incurred by a f oeut tu :vu..c.m, AN ACT ,0 amen( lhe act csuldihina the
assigned lof tho prediction, viz : that the State- canal on account ot water, beyond what 1 jwmcn ior -conenience oi navigauon is county of Alexander
jtevor take- the stock, has proved a mis-' is necessary to a Tail road. Let us rl ; admitted as little as' possible. Even the Bc u enacled hy ihe. General As-
i,rna'" rCSul!' y m 1 SC1 i Wtnhcr, too, that such a difference has its f'S'nal rapidity of rivers, where the wa- f scmh ofyorfh CaroH n(l t -? hrrd
Ml 1 lyfts riirht. llirrc s our nrriit Hole . InoJ . rr.. m. 1.. . I. - : .: J. tnr i unmptimfs :ihf( nv h k nhn nrri.l . , ' . . . - . J
ii X:- ViV t -i r i ' : not oiii in iiiu u-i at cuiimiuuuoii:. p , " J ." acted Ot the authority ot the same, that all
U i i I T I . V Vvu r i atul expense ol a canal, but in all tra.vel? -l .lt"c Int"us uwca 1,ut t,v-cVV - that portion of Ca du e
L i I MO !
e fleets, not only in the first construction
and expense of a canal, but in all travel.
. , I I . .
ling and transportation upon it, and itf the -jirom. producing disease at ceiiain seasons, in the following boundary, viz : Beginning at
To give to the fairer sex the precedence
which belongs to them, we sav. in the fir.t
county compiised with- place) that the semi-circular gallery, reserved
trv. viz: Benrinnini? at iv. or,'..:. r.r it,., !.m;1" ,in f.n.wi
maintenance of it in repair through alj ;t,on their bamcs and in their vicinity. t the mouth of Upper Little river add running up to overflowing long before the gathering of
future time. It ought not to be omitted .JThis effect may be experienced even in tbe meanders of said river, to the dividing line jrentlemen privileged to occupy "eats otfthe
also, that when the' repairing of a canal jjiorthern latitudes, but it is especially . to-- between George Rcnfield and Bablc Payne ; ' floor 0f ,i,0 (.liam?t.r. One cause of this was
becomes necessary, it is far more difficult! 'pe dreaded and deprecated in a southern thence a direct line to where the present Cald. ! ,he pre admission, by grace and Civor, of the
expensive,, and interrupting to. businesst Iplimate like ours. No such consequence well linecrosses the Love Lady road, and thence families of Judges and Sen: tors, who (on the
than that of a rail road. r ; threatens the inhabitant or the traveller . with said line to the Catawba river, and up the penance, of four hours' ja'i( nl waiting) were
2.!lt is proved bv experience that upon 3upon a rail road. It is a primary object f said river to the beginning, be, and the same : admitted by side-doors to the best places for
stitution, Ihe resi-tiess will ol the nation bas
from time to lime, ben peacefully expressed
by the free suffrages of the Peoplei and all -hav5
bowed in obedient .submission to their de
cree. The Administration which bat yester
day wielded the destinies ot this great nation
to day quietly yields up its power, and, without
a murmer, retires from the Capitol. f -
I congratulate you, Senators, and I congrat
ulate mv country, upon- theseofurecurring and-
tion which is the prerogative of men born great cheering evidences of our capacity for selfgo-
by the gilts of God. Look which way one ; vernment. .Lulus hope that the sublime spec
would, there was food for the eye and for the tacle which we now witness may be repeated
as often as the people shall desire a change of
ifowly escaping the fate of lhe 'ancient Babel,
il ls at last finished ? and none of us are wil
jing oV able to tako charge of it. Thus It
'jtandsi towering ;abovc all ground, like, a Gi
laffo in a flock of goats ; and likely to remain
;ilety but oiprcssivo mbnuinont of our weak
:hcssa ypu.src thcn. th it is a fixed and un'.
.deniable- truth, that
tersdlo broirrcss. aikl bent on remnininT n vni o ; r ,;t0 xvltU mmtUr In nursuino- the line of such a structure to ' 18 "eiel)V annexed to and shall lorm a part ot
j. r I r, r ' ! B."" , "iviiiiji; ui Uiil unit nun uiiuiui.1, u ".. a - - - t - - - , f 'Ct 1
flre jindthatpoMfar from intending to build rail road is less costly in its construction liun as uch as possible the intersection tn coun'y oi Alexander.
uricivc we would. shrink from it, it than a canal. It w found in Eno-lnnrf nnd :pt marshes and streams ot waterJ
c n lid f rAfl 1 I . 1 ' .1 ..." -ll 1 n .1
; given ;te us without expense, and free
ct to I
y I Lbpo, hoAvcver, that tho lessen we have re
teiyedwjll rnaico us inorejeareful in future.
.Or, thre is no telling but tho State may tako
; U tlie'tock and build the road in'spite of us ;
7 V. then sir.llehabod! tchabod ! farewell to
. our Jong days land nights of caso. No more
; ulf'&2 un at tneal times ; no rest for clerks ;
60 Vi Pipes Vfier dinner: no time for social 'when something further shall be said up
oConvefiaiion R thestrect-cbrncrs; no pleasant on the materials of public works, and the
t '?UnSg about; the market,-, but all hurry, bus- ; expense attending them. And let it be
1 1 5 lurmoil.l Ah sir, I tremble at tho thought. 1 considered that a lock cannot bej properly!
V Our rood emu nrcsprvn ifa i T i-ti ciifh,n Amr1ftri1 rf nht r n't i 1 nml ciillnKto m.
" , . . n w... .V. u II Will V... W.. . V w. W U ...JLIItllllll ItllM UUItHiril I1IU
there is reason to believe that it will ap- j j C. Another circumstance suggested by
ply no less in this country, that the ex- ' the peculiar nature of our southern coun
pense of making a canal is twoor three iijtry, gives an advantage to rail roadsin
times that of a rail road. The excava -comparison with canals. Our principal
tion, or removal of earth oy rocks for the 'rivers originate towards the western ex
former is much greater than for the latter. 'tremity of the state. Were a c final at
The iron necessary is far less costly than -tempted from the same distance in the in
we are apt to suppose, as will annear! ftprinr. -'the Inner summers of our southern
. . ... II " l-i" " - ;
latitude, drying up all our smaller streams,
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all
laws and clauses of laws coming within the
meaning and purview of this act, be, and the
same are hereby, repealed,
Ratified 29th day of January, 1849.
rulers and that this venerated Constitution "and
this glorious Union may endure forever.
At 13 o'clock the members of the late Ex
ecutive Cabinet appeared, Mr. Buchanan lead
ing the way, and occupied places on the left of
the ex-Vicc PreVidenfs. .
All things were now in readiness for the ap
pearance of the President Elect : but a rather
long, interval succeeded, during which the pio
cession by which he was escoifed was slowly
wending its way towards the Cipifol. This
space, however, did not seem to hang heavily
on the hands at any, save perhaps a few, who
for the sake of seeing and hearing, and perched
themselves in constrained positions, and whose
patience, nevertheless, exhibited a marvellous
AN ACT to repeal the act of 184G-'7, entitled
"An Act to lay off and establish the county
Sec. 1. lie if enacted by the General As
sembly of the Slate of North Carolina, and it confined, illcontrivcd stair, and made their way
:VYfFttV ded, in comparison with locks.
VrT,". anuy . arrived at Norfolk on 3. J
ierl $ 1' 51 5;JlrS- ' Terrapin s, num. , ny tons, can be transported in theltfe
C r TT -.V:-c nunarca. . . - - L timoai
terials for less than eight or ten thousand
dollars, while the'means of passing from
one level to another by inclined planes or
otherwise on a rail road.are easily provi-
a ft ft
:1 f i.io Inr-Lri'-iril nn.l
land rendering very precarious supplies of ris hereby enacted Oy the same, I hat the act through the yel narrower door provided tor the j V. s ,r"d fi.-m 'imf to linxc toward
Ivvatcr even from the larger, would make passed at the session ofthe General Assembly admission of Ladies to the gallery of the Sen. j 1 ' . Uj lhM rjin:k aiM)I)l.;, '
iit necessary for such a canal, that it mighf f l846.'7, entitled." An ActtolayofTandestab- ate Chamber. The rouP dcil, as the eye I fc L,VPVer the sound, of martial
Iha IV.,1 U.iih liprt-intv. tn cnnfinP. its rn.,, a county by the jnamc of Polk," be, and the glanced along the bank ot female faces, ranged ! At leng-h ho.eter, - he sound, ol nnutul
ttUmiWof Vomemai river Thu4 'same herebV, repealed. : as in an amphitheatre, amid the m-Uing of, music tan ne nearu wnr,ou..fau
U wnM hf nl Sk Min, Sec. 2. lie it further enacted, That this ; silks and the endless flutter of a thousand Ian. ! cini'V f M Proces?,n became n,;.rc a.nJ more
i it wonlfi hp. nernptiia 1 1 v inier&eciinz ine ..... s - J . . ' ... . . : i -i t m.w.ini,,ii ,. nnv at its nri'ni :
t - i j - - j - ...I k. .... r i r. i:r. -. .. 1 1 .... ,i . .. , , i... r. r,, . . t i,.,n,, cwuriin i. .w,. -
ni-i snail uu iu lurue WOIll auu uun u itt.iiiii.u was titituiairu f iimu iuc niuc i an .until- t . , , i .1 i
iv ;i s r; .ii i ti , iii. miiiii
At least as large a burden, or as ma-
yt'btiljecpme of too lai f)r' projection i.roadas upon a canal.
vf1? OariliHa -Terra jlins, passed by the ! every other article of
p- ,;p Legislature of 1 1S27. . ; , J advantages in favor o
and by the same force uppn a r.Vil
JQn this as well as
of this enumeration bl
of tho rail pad, cyi-
fdeep ravines which occur at small dis
tances along the banks of a principal n
ver. 1 he conseauences must be, numer-
ous and large embankments, deep cut-
j-tings, bridges or aqueducts, rocky exca-
iivno, iwivcs anu uuivtrris, mi ji wuu oic
Read three times and ratified in General
Assembly, this lGthday of January, 1849.
foccasiohs of the heaviest expenses in the K A .N D for sale hy the snbsenher-. a tarpe sopplv of Fptr-
flAmn1ft;nn - i , i 'i iii t J ft -t-Jl. its 1 urpenune, wtuch Utev will seucbeap by lhe cal-
completion of canals. A rail road along , ,p ' iinowx iamks
generally tcnklmg to f Marrh,lb4l)
can jealous of the fame of his countrywomen.
A few, a rcryfew, were admitted to Senatorial
seats upon the fltxir, among whom v noticed
lhe fair and graceful lady of M. Ridisco.
The chamber was filling fa?t with Senators,
ex. Senators, and Members ofthe other House,
when, the h ir of eleven having arrived, a bud
ra was heard, and ihe cereiu -nics ol tiu- djy
commenced by. a; very earnest a?. d appmpri ite
and the great area
i which had filled tho chamber subsided; the
; great door opened, and if.e Preci.jnt Elect, in
: cotnj. any with' -.. IV nt Pi.lk, entered snd
! took a ?eat which had been prepare for him ;
1 Mr. P)i!; oceiip) ir:g another opn ! left hand.
rifl f.-i tl V
n.i-i.?u:iiiiig, that i.iniy ; j- -"fis
t.. i:i'i iie.
t!:' V co'i.il aiMO
seeing and hearing, long before less favored
females could crowd their weary way up stair
cases crammed to suffocation. It seems impos
sible even in the most Republican Government,
wholly to exclude or extirpate, in regard to the
L.n InMf llitcn I l.ft n r. r w m- .l..nnn.. ...1. tti
I ill I ill lUiiai, iuu.it; iriui-cs iii ix i i si i av. , nuivu . rni -t
. , . i . r t constancy. 1 nc resi scrmru Terr uusiijt vm
seem to be engraven in the nature of man. . , .. 0- j i i
w . , ; cupied in conversation, uird-like voices were-
In every Government, among every people, , . . . ,
, y i -, ,. T. 3 , ! heard chirping and twittering in Ihe upper re-
pace will claim its prerogative. Ihiee ladies . . p , ... , 'r
. . , , ., ' , , , , gions of the chamber, while below grave spec-
fainted under lhe pressure and the heat : and . , . - " L-j
i , 1 . ' ulation on the present and tbe future seemed
it is onlv astonishing thatiso many managed to , ' . . , ,. ,
... - . p - m J Z.a to occupy many sagacious looking heads,
achieve an escalade of the narrow, crooked, 1 . j. J , . , . . r .
anu 10 nnu an occasional 'mci imu iimnwu.
.if i -
': 'I '.
mr -f -