. (.. i il. ..!! i...., 1-r i ' .i;
ii...r. :... !'" "lK"? a. j-i.;., I BUiii-itn-4
yrt w h'i the uniiitti-ts of tint suhj -ct, and impor
tant will b.' the frmll nf ilia present d.-liberalion, lhat
I M bound to deliver my view and opinions. In my
judgment, B.r, there ha len no question, hi fore, the
uuta tif in.re i.iiporUuic J l)if do J believe tllTa Ct
be qu.ji.tion prernld in Which the true iutsresUof .
lrulm. ar wtN deeply Hvlvl, thau. in 4I1. hilt aoW
before u. '" , ,
I am, sir, in favor of eiiendinj th Central railroad
In the fcarUir of Ik-unfurl d 1 aro. (or voting wffi.
bis .eterpiisins; iudividiiala to aceomplish this Work;
whatever he the imuum required.,. 1 am etili more in
favor of extcuding.tbi crest Central road lo the Ten.
nesses line, so -as to effect steara communication be
tween the capacious and coinnvaJious Mapnrt on -our
Atlantic couat, aud which haa breu ao well described,
and the teemiVg valley of the Mississippi. I anvleo
for eumile4ins a work that ie already commenced, to
. , .... : : L'
ir w ill's nil yet ;
increased to lOiA) mill
A.jrtli "i1.lv (tie found m Ur..v, llins ft-..-ii.riii in oth- I
er btntca much of the money winch, ihty rcilii from
their exuberant crops, their fisheries and forests of Cy
press and Jumpers "
. .Snppusa our railroad U the Tenn'eaaee line were com
pleted; why tlie auminer Uuriaufrofif5'urtern couni
lie would almost ausuiu the road while they Would
aae Waat half the .u.n the, ped. j,. wmi to inrr fund, and luuka arrange
f,.r if ...if 3-':) i..U; b'!J
1 mcrenK'tl to nii.uoiis, our 122.214.171.124.1.11.0 .... ...
come cujiiiul investments, and more than pay for them
selves. They would be overcrowded with busmi-tis and
their income would pay back the cl of construction
While they would be adduijr. ao lirwliniou1y Jo the ta
able property of the country, pur Treaaury, therefore,
inf health and pleaeure nearer home, their money, with
Interest, returning to thsm every fpritff in orders for
rum aiMoyawM, ..,--....-...-. 1. ..-.'--r-
1 auow, air, inui our eaern iwinm .
teneive and Important amrmv the nioet important in
the world but, air, gire oe the mean of gettinf at
therofrorn the up country, and I'll agree to engage
every ehad, herring and rock caught in all our eaatern
waters, every year and at caah pricea. The railroad
will briug the Blue Oidge down in the Atlantic apace
will be annihilated, and the mountain will dip their ba-
wV.lto4itaueiitftn!naiwn PbrnfiiBuT"' Fih aiill flulleritiir. oveteri etifl breath-
fiver work" whc omtplemro writ at tn tbr ttev.w ; - ,,,;,. w .hn...... ihi ioni of the m.rtintai'na and
opment of the inexhaiwtible coal field which border M your fiA oymen wuud lhu, uurohaHl
.... ... - . . .1. . mr...n.:
1 am bfcewaKft r, on ivo ut tmpruviog tn uih
iuct of Ihia bill
I 1 ho imateal acnieTemeiii rci --- -m
1 j -l.a J .1 - ,.,U- .AJ nw nd 1 - . . . a... r... )... .L.n I Would be wiUintf Uite
winnvT ortrranr s i mci i .mbh iih luaT-iin uw w -.
nienta for fhTduCauoa of every child ia Jlie8tate.
All iuoi.i.u inioroveinenta are auxiliary toeachotb-
Ut f ee UeiJite 4a develop 4l,t0; ehief Ti)Wlh of
earth, man, lo stimulate hit powera, toenaoie m now
tie, and to miniate'r to hi happinee.
All the improvement tend alao to multiply employ
ments and this i a fact which universal experience af
ford to theory. . It was once ihouiht, and aome. rea
auuing priori still contend, that the invention of labor
saving machines throws people oat of employment bat
sen has never vet proved to be the fact Take a Slat
without improvements: there are but one of two" easlt
ing. snd these are larjofJoO and pijrtadryi whileavart
,j tk. nnni,iii..ti ra lrivn off or left in idle pov-
. tr - - 7 ... .
and Catawba rivers i aud I am honetly of the opinion
that these various Work added, a i proposed, to those
completed and in pmgreM, when they re all accom
plished, will c.inlribute to the proaperity of the Slute
an amount eirtiipar. d wllh which the propoaed appropri
ation will dwindle into annotate, inaiguilicaucc.
Thi i t lie opinion which ( art out; will any one
dare to dispute 1ie general proposition t And if the
proposition i nundeuicd, what excuae cau be urged for
shouldering the ftaounwbility of the nrcewary appropriation?
Dut ir, if n one will deny the General pn.pi lion
t. .. , ....... r.jk. ..l ..iir ..M 1 -no T.W. nv Kim on earth with manv uuprove
..L.i.tV... .;...;...i-r. ......r li,J.' , n.i.i.: m Sua h nneiunir for every body. e an
wnn're, ivui ui.niiiw, i.u. ,.iv. i ... . . . . .. , -- -
In word,, it ia too often" discredited in the action of our (n
boy and your young ladi,- would swarm through our know that mankind are created with an infinite variety
luuuutaina, aud every hill and valley, every rugged of taste, aptitudes and necessities, mental moral and
teep and fairy dt.ll, be peopled in umiuer month with , phyical j and unless improvements open a wide held
gay partie aud musing loungers. lor diversified talents the tnej. part of the peopte. are
And, ir, thi mountain region is not important mere- left lo pine with intolerable latitude, are driven oU, or
' ly a a place to go for health and comfort in the uin- rust away in ignorance arid dissipation.
1 mer: il 1 one ol the richeat mountain rrgiona in the ! In States without improvements a universal languor
world, ubiiunding iu mineral and agricultural resources, ( seems to emasculate the public mind there ia no ex
with water power' to turn all the machinery of the cilemeiit but in politics, or in vice, and life is robbed or
' wwld, and limber enough to bnild it, with rich pastures, more than hulf it charm In a well governed State
natural meadow. a.l iimgrnhcent fruit with improvement .11 .. n.e anu . . ... -,. our fr,el nuiolr, we
1st . nMIl lltT Wlill siwtiowiii ' ' J .
uu- ut 1 I.:-'-- 1." ' ' '"' 1
(miy Nukiil t'-iaoLi-NA, '""1 "'!'' "'1 "
eit'ii and lite hope of my cliihlreji
To unite the Sula and b.eak down nil .prejudice of
section-to brinjj the east snd west together ts one ob-
n KiiAnirr. 11 fMiiv nit
niiui . j'v-' v - j
Hut, there ia another point in which lo view hope ; every eye ia
i matter. I speak of our 'duties aa dalesmen lo the ' step i quick and eh
We have crawled along with our improvements
ye, sir, crawled along without daring to make an ef
fort lo stand or to w alk.
And air, when with fear and trembling we have
raised ourselves up fur a moment, from our creeping
puslure, we would not trust our strength ; we would
sails bold of sdvenliliou aid, and atugger hurriedly
from pillow to poet.
Now I contend -that we can stand akntj--that we
can stand air, and wulk, and run loo, if need bet a fust
as our neigh btir ill ill race of improvement. My at
tachment t my home, and my State pride forbid me
to think otherwise ; and sir, the most careful consider
ation which I can give to the subject drives my judg
ment lo the conclusions so congenial lo my feelings aud
' to all the instincts Of my heart. Ye, sir. North Caro
bsa can stand alone ; and sir. if, I oouhi but infuse my
own spirit inlultbi assembly she" should stand and walk
and trample beneath her feet ilie scoff of all her stand- ,
ere re. !
Dut, aa to the question, the grea t qunlion of our abil
ity to stand alone:
The Beaufort harhor w the best on the Southern At
lantic and one of the best iu the world, all admit: all
7 admit its great euneriorMy to the purls of New Orleans
aod . Chariestofl and even Norfiak, in many respects ; m . h uthor
sna an aan.u also in. eu-Muie neoeHiy b- gres. , w- wi, ;- tht he f(f hoill b w
Southern aeaport city. I he prisper,ty,i the U JS ccnla per uuudxed weignt f. 100 uulus; audsup-
dence, thedrtrj,t intererfsof thF mth demand this ; (hat itilt SeeruIlyU in value according to
and none wril dlay that Ihe produce of the M.ssppi TV h rf fl '
Taney, nmfpumvmfam, wouio. ., , .ne-poni . VV hen flour sells at $3 per hundred, thecortofget-
ehivttef eyery fu i ruildy wiib the
plished, it would be -wort h ail our puma, and be
sateat achievetBenl yet wituessed in these ha l
iuld.be willing 10 oe
sacrificed ; yea, sir, it I could but esse.onal l;Jj
that hateful tyrant, die, I would be w.lhng to faU
to rise 00 mors a politician. . '-,",.
Bultf wecnultkill K .and also reaeem .iy"'
-., ..ia .. ..K . hill as this, ana start iimm
Carolina oa a bright career of prosperity, J(W snd hep
pines, then indeed would I mo cheerfully Tod'r
all my hopes of preferment; if IhaJ surrender would pur
chase the result, and proudly die in triumph.
From' the African Repository.
THE LATE EXPEDITIONS TO
... LIBERIA. '
In our ll numUer, we all.ided briefly In lbe
saiHn? offhree flrtu new lirj. !
grant, for Liherin ihe Joseph M XW5i,L.rrMn
Wiliningloji, N. C, November 22. with 150
emigrants; the Linda Stkwaht, from Norlolk,
Vs., November 27. with 171 emitfrihls. I2
of whom were from A-irgli.ia. 39 from North
Carolina, 2 Irom ihi ciiy, and 1 frmn New
Jersey ; and ibe Shiblky, from Baliitnore,
Noveinlier 27, wilb two einig,ranH sent out bv
(hi SK.ieiv. aud 34 ly lbs Maryland Stale Co.
n ! .i:... iw' 111 11 1
i he-tllle n.ll.lHl! il...'lft l.
,r,'e eldu.l mir cloivil
..-rii..i..mion iii ibimf social, ie
pronpefiiy and bighest
Witbibi consul Httt
million Irom a
iioiiii, auiJ po
wbicb .r itfcfj la thf"
0 asiWe- ad va nee me nr.
. -thing 4ba fi io uJ til
. I a . M si a at nil aa. isvi
lo let ii, remain ae U.a nat - . -- .r
,ho. separate juriediciiimi and liulnientr in
which God evidently drained they should live.
They are convinced that the black race in tin
country can only be elevaied in ihe scale ol
moral, iuielleciual, and H.liiical bemg.by Iran.
... iL. laud of ibeir nattuitr, and
freeing ihem from ihe re.lrainis which they
,y airine1... iiMbeir power.t retrieve wha, more natural' than that h.
1 r f ... ..... .nil brine back ihe inPn I,;. ..... ,t.; . iDn
.1.:. a.:. . a ...j r..u.n. Thrv 1 l..w ,.f hen ih. nroHiircd bv virtue-iinprovm? laoor.
ai cut oiT from the markeU of the world ; snd whila The machanic, the agriculturist, the architect, the
their production are generally of a bulky character, inventive genius, the maihematical gemu. lbt; engineer,
they have to be hauled in wagon lo market, and gen- ! the gardener, Ihe pomologiat the man of calcnlalmn,
erally hauled a dislunce of ut least a hundred mile. j the tradesman, the mariner, the scholar, poet, historian,
'I be diflereiic iu freight by wagon and railroad Irene- school-master and philosopher, the adventurous and the
v that: that timid, the itronir and the weak, the coarse aud the ro
le, while it cost oue ilulWerone dollar aud fifty ceuta fined all find employment suited to their t" j
per ln of freight 6 every hundred miles on. the railroad, and capacities, alinnu tneir ngnt levei.siuu isinuioauu
it cot twenty dollar by wagon, 1 and carry out the law of their nature, and ibu are hap-
And, sir, two UMi are a very heavy wagon load ; and
for every Ion so hauled, there must be a good wagon
and five or six spirited horses. This is a slow as well
as an expensive way of giang lo market ; but a Very
few of the kinds of produce made can be so transported,
and the price of these may change five or ait times be
fore they get lo their destination. Thus our people have
no inducement to improve their land ; and it ia a famil
iar fact with us, astonishing aa it may be to you, air,
and to our eastern friend, that it i harder to sell than
We do not cultivate half the kind of produce that we
can raise ill abundance 5 and of the article that we raise,
we do uot produce the tenth part of the amount that we
would, if we could get it otTour hand. Thi i our great
trouble ; it take one half the year lo get off what we
Well, air, we then have these conclusions admitted.
1 ting to market i exactly one-fourth of the value of Ihe
U1CU, J ...:. 1,..I.J . I ..:. ikL... ....... ..r.u ...
to wit : the capacity and advantages of Beaufort har- ..... , r ..... ,;iil . . ty. u
bcondtlisanwurrtcfimiducerte Weatj if crtrterrd -r " fi u3Ld rhud d. JUra anuual-
Une twentieth of two millions five hundred ihoiis-
. . . . ... ...l
inere, so ouna ap an mmense city. 1 oe coniiraiiii?; . . ,
nna is warning ; ana nature, w a.nu io ua m rn-n, re.- . . hvdnd ,a ,wfll,y.fiM thouwud ; and thi.
suaalaa ftaoa ns katwolF msilji ( I. .a a. in ii-vltsi m lisilr ' - - - .
-' ..... v........b ...... wol!d thf railroad cost oTgelting to market, saving
A navigable river flowing from, the Blue Ridge to lwo mj,ioni Am hun(Jrt, ,IM ..ty.fi,, ,hmhVin3
.27' ,U 1wott'd to 'h" c"7n,erc,f annualltof lax paid tbr the exports. The tax IW five
VSrginia. South Carolina, and of much of the Mippi w m rf eUt hfJf , miion
valley : towards tin. r,ve .1 the improvement, of the wcmi(.,h Jf ihil would be twetuy-llve thousand
nlliMin . '.o. . uuiu mmimij winvni ; Hi ( J n
Tbu, sir, our feeling of pride fiw tlie honor and inde.
' pen'ienee of our State are appealed to our sense of duly
as legislators ie appealed to by the absolute necessities
of the people ; while considerations of a high moral and
philosiphical character should press home upon our bel
ter judgments, and lifting us above the smoke and dust
of party, abuVe ilie mir and filth of demagoguea, above
Ihe paltry considei ation of place and office, place ns on
that statesmanlike elevation whence we can view a mag-
' nificeut panorama, neediug but our voices lo become a
glorious reality. The means are eaily raised they will
fall fightly bu those looking lo the general good, and
seeking to restore new life to the energies of our invaded
commonWealih, the deprivation small and momentary,
and the end certain, near at hand, and worth a thou
sand tiuiej more of exertion, risk aud expendiiurclitan
those that are asked at onr hand..
Then, sir, lei oa-riae lo lh digmly of sttesrmn-let i
us for a moment forget our petty cares and striu.-, and
march up to the responsibility, making-thi the bright
est day in our calender, and this assembly the most me
morable one in ihe annals of our Stale. Why not make
a declaration of independence, and following in the loot
step of those wbo have made ihi way glurioua, jiledge
our lives, our fortune and our tacred honor to redeem
our declaration 1 A gallows stood before them the
worst that we have to fear is banishment for a lime
from theae halls, which many now affect lo regard as a
8even years of hard battle, of toil and loss, and suffer
ine, it took the giants of '76 to accomplish their task of
independence ; half of that lime, and a milliouelh part
give the name fd those emigrant were
scnl by ibis Society, from, which it will be seen
that Ihe whole number, in ibe ihiee vessel,
was 321,. (eiclu..ie of Marhall Hooper am'
wife, who are returning lo their home in Libe.
ria.) ol whorn 289 were born (tee, 22 were
emancipated in view of emigrating, and ten
purchaser! their own freedom of were porch
ed by their friend. Of ihe whole number, 144
ueiefrom North Carolina. 7 from Geiria,
2 tlttm the Uisfrici of Columbia, 1 from Penn
eylvania. 1 from New Jersey, aiid 1 from Indi.
ana. Some ol ihee emigrant are men of
considerable intelligence and enterpriz ; and
Wt have reatou lo hope that many them will
become valuaMe citiien of ih uew Itepub
lie, Five while iniioiiaiiei of the Baptist church
sailed lor Liberia in ibe Linda Siewait ihe
lt Mr Sherman and Wllo ol rhllndelphia
must ever leej in mo prosc..u -
taee-. In-Afrwa, u- oireo pextpui Jiwy.
enjoy m-tlecl .ocial equality uitb those of ibeir
own race, and becomenbeir own. legislators,
and ihe arbiter of their own destiny. There
ihey miij enjoy a climate perfectly adapted lo
their cunsliiution. and secure ad-quale relurn
for Ibeir labor, nt merely in the form of stocks,
moneys, and reul estate, lot al. in the form of
lhal influence and respectability which honest
labor and succasaful industry almost iuvariably
Sut b are, in briel, some .d ibs Unefil which
the Colonisation enterprise aims to confer upon
the free blacks in our midsl. Lei all, then,
who desire lo nflord subsianiial, not mere sym
paihelic aid lo thi unforlunate class of persons,
give Iheir countenance and support lo this phi
lanthropic and Christian undertaking. And
let our tree colored people before ihey rejeel ihe
friendly advices and offices of ihoe who are
tbu eekin their good weigh rarelully the in
ducement which are lhu offered lo iheir de
sire for social and religi-.u advancement, and
Iheir laudable ambition of honor and political
From the Fayelteville Observer.
VVASHistnoN Gosstr. The correspon
dent of the N. Y. Express says.
Tlifre is n detprminatiar io get nf) S
!i i.'-, ,;!. onr r;.f
Ihe relloion of.Mt.gico hmJ on,;;'1;1'''
whose imereMs are aupnose(i , u
with ours. . 1 ' ert u .f.
- Nowtf NSpot?rffly-
a tn worit )s, and find, En-Ua
linn h.rv.l t i . . - . -?BlaRd
... . u hi n state .01 nfsn..'.- I
formidable to b .SLPJ,2
orrpirfeglon ordiSifornU t
There may be nothing i this idea. k
we confess that it i forced um.n n.k.','
UHiin i. L , 1
arrogant tone of the leader. f ,h. 7 1
foco narrv. !
TUE CAROLINA WATCIlIix
TfJlllSDAY EVKIG. limn IJ.
Mrs. Crocker, widow of ihe lut ftevT W. G.
Cwkevi Wrho, after sli "years' labor in Liberia,
died at Monrovia in 1844. Ml. C. alter an
absence of a few year from Liheria. is now
reluming to her itwmer.field.-of l labor and uo.
The following .named miionatie sailed in
ihe barque Shirley : The Kev. Levi Scoil,
Birhop of ihe Methodist Episcopal Church, wbo
goes to meet the Liberia Annual Conference ;
the Rev. J. VV. Home, wbo eipeci lo take
charge of ihe Meihodisl Episcopal Seminary ai
Monrovia, and Mis Reynolds, of ihe same
.Lurch.; also the Kev. Mr. Scott and wife and
Mis Kieeman, of ibe -Protestant Episcopal
of th,cif ban!?bip. will .couaunuiuite oiif .ind
the Rev. Mr. Coodman and wife, ol Ohio, and : genrrhl wnr w'iYK Mejico. upon the Boun-
Kon, air, an c,.yer North Carolina with the mantle of gladness rmifthjtt tt ,ht church at Cape Pafirt.
railroad answer the place of a river T
1 do not contend. .Mr. Speaker, that for commercial . . ftJOtl.OOO. an amount leu than her miasmas toother, ditch off and hedge in her wide
realued in the county of Bertie from exports, while Her- eastern champaigns, convert the sedge on her upland
tie ia very thinly settled, and ot a tenth of Ihe produc- . hills to blushing orchards and golden harvests, people
Uve Hmda in eKivalk. . m
lunate that middle ami weatera North Carolina lose an- pleasure wiU awaae me sueni ecnoea 01 ine roiu.n ie
tiuatly two millrons of dollars for want of internal im
provements ; and in five years this Would amount to a
sum twice as large aa that which, hy the help of indi
vidn its, it ia calculated Would cover Ihe Hate with un-.
: provemeuls. This m a startling calculation, but it ia
' literally true; every western county, if it had the in
ducements, could easily export aa much as the rich aud
delightful county of Hertie exports, aiid what aha tggre
.gutle would be any gentleman can cypher out.
Take, for instance, Orange, Alamance, Guilford,
Stokes, horsy the, Randolph, Davidson, Surry, Yadkin, ower-.
Ashe, Watauiia, Uayie, Kowan, Cabarrus, Iredell, AI- But, air, this is not all nor half: Ihe plan proposed
exsnder, C'leavelaud, Caldwell, Wilkes, lliuke, McUow- kaik to the redemption and Independence of Aurtn liir
will build up her seaporte, drain off her swamps and j w , k ,hj, mPan, ( f IureSing our grate.
- .. . : - I . . ...... .1 1 1. 1. t.W - w. Il ...I m. if, Il ' P WUlA 1 1
purposes, a railroad is equal to a river ; it is not so
cheap a means of getting to market, and for very heavy
freight it haa iu drawback.
liou mode ; and in this age of telegraphs and of specu-.
lations through the let.-gra)di, expcdiiion, speed is often
more iioportunl than cheapness : ,
But, as fir as much of the country is concerned
which il ls proposed to m.iko tributary to WilminglOO
. aud In Beaufort and Newberne, it can have no outlet to
market except by railroad ; and sir, it is an extensive,
a rich, and a promising country.
In this condition is western Virginia, western North
Carolina, western .South Carolina and Georgia, and
much of eastern Tennessee ; and of this region I am-,
teud that the part embraced iu oOr own border will am
ply sustain a ruilruad, will build up our seaports into
dttry Line business titthe Marling point
from tbo upper Rio GrHnde, hs wdl aa in
the mailer of the Trhuftntepec roulf.
Where this delermination'is (irmly fixed,
a quarrel can fnsily follow.
" A great deal of ammunition was pre
pared here against the Fiench. in ibe man
trr of the allegro1 French encroachments
upon Samana, in Si. Dimingo ; but this
story turning out to have been manufac
tured. All the ammunition has been spoilt.
Mr. (California) Marshall was lo have
tone into that, out the newspapers- troin
New York tllat morning; spoilt that part '
Ol'bis speech. ; .
" 'Another project for depleting ihe pub
lic treasury, in addition to ihe ten millions
Catawba with the clatter of machinery, and cover the j
eolitary.Yadkra with fleetsof welt-freighted boats, cause -j
villages and factories, and cities lo spring np on the shore
of ths old Cap Far muHtply the-wealtlrand prodiic-
lion Of the great Roanoke, and bind in bonds of indis- j
Jul.le inlenMrt, pride and affection, the ' Albeinarte, the
Pamlico, the Cape Fear and ihe mountains, marrying
the east to the west, with a rich dowry on each side, ,
with a good prospect of pepetual union of love and in- j
lerest, aud a gluriou offspring of beauty, manliness and
ful ackaowledgeineni for ihe ktnd Ireaiment (itf war purposes is a proposition alluat
r . .ir- . L. i WW ' .
we received irom toe pumic auinmnina 01 ..... , ,Q gjve olie miijon 0 dollars lu the. Hud
mington and Norfolk ad the osi.ic vl. ! Satjs nHV COirinfirrv. tnd the Fagrt's Sound
! Company, lo induce them to sellout their
; rights ih Oregon, whteh they bare under
the treaty of W ashington. 1 his ptoposi-
unteered bv them and ai her citizens, lo enable
us lo despatch Ihe eipediiions from those port.
From the, Buffalo Christian Advocate.j
AFRICAN COLONIZATION AND
The cause of African Colonisation h one
which e have waiched with profound inieresi
for several year past. We have recognized
it-is one of tboe greal moral enleipiiae which
have for iheir atm the amelioration of human
lion, it is said, will be pushed.
" Mr. Marshall. of California was Irying
today to get an oppoituntty to introduce
his Ten Million (War t Plunder? or what
Resolution ?) but it did not get. in. It
awails a more convenient lime. The lie-
solution expresses its.-lf in ihese letms
The " IVlersbnrr, I lit ullirn. It
lis patrons a short discourse on ibe jubi
of raising potatoes, ftom which tteimi
the following extract. The editor of J
intelligencer is hard down on the farm.
ot the oltl Uommion for mting JJonbei
potatoes, w hich he says might be prod
.1 r '
ea at nome 01 a tietier quality, nn(j J
cheaper than ihey can be bought,
;a ...t.l.l., ...... il:. i
are thus delivered :
" We hear ninnies talk every day of J
commercial independence ot ihe SWI
and see them every day wiihaYnlJ
matle lork. feeding themselves off of
Y'ankee made plale, conlaining YnJ
potatoes served up on a x ahkee nftade ti
hie. covered with a l ittikeejHmte uij
hi a i .--r "
cloth; anu Ihe very -Yankee madr ttifi
whirthey "weir. are hung out lo dry a
a Yankee made rope lo which ihcj w
..... . ....
secured hy i ankee mitile crotches.
Give it to'em. brother Syme, fHet it
, t .
serve it an, anu more ocsiuys. AMyoi
plain talk fits our North Carotin folk
well "as your 'own good people of the Qi
Dominion ; anil to iherh vre eorarneiid
with the assurance that the half is si
Why. look inlo the tool houses of oil
farmers. They have Northern nw
ploughs, axes, thing forks, hay fork9,hoi
elavbnes. drawing knives, augures, !
g tmhlets, n a ils, sere w s,-h ammers, ettVela
and it really appears t hut if it were
for the enlerprize and industry ol to
North, our people could produce noih
to eat or wear, or if ihey should makein
thing, Tiaving no'hine to put it in ana
where lo put it. -Thelt . chililwti
school to iSorlhern teachf rs. and w
their ABC from Yankee books. Thei
are clothed in Yankee cloths all thedayi
of Iheir sojourn on earth, ;m.l arc wrapij
p.l in Yankpp muslin w hen t bey die. Anl
to cap the who, it takes a Yanliw
ll hU thpiir snirils from the spirit If.
v,.. . -, ,
.. I?UJ..I.'U.I Ft, V..1.H .,hC..-.l,n. .mil lu&llK. v.- - . - - -t -i - r;-".irirttn
u yuki ii . Kuincnorft, uunomibe, lancjr, M.arwoudJiacuiwju ...u, . .. i and make mem noiu coinriav ...
iTl F'JV C i r r "TfF, a.lj ' !- they could export an aver.ee of $31)0.000, (and deliver u. fn.m our vaa.al.frs U, Virginia and South Car. afford a pract.cal oullel and prudenl direction o ...Mar.. no, otherwise aot.ropriated wPinS Southern friends on carta
J2 ZZHTctt tZJ liiUc'eoenty of f,H.nk &L thj it woM mdt. ' oli. v.ly multiply the wealth of our peopla. le-on lbai deep and active .ympalhy which ajlenli Hlfi Ijeas ry, 0 " ''' J''; Irimmtasronkhin-thinslbatSosl!
ddl .4 w.rn North-taiohB. 4s w,.vvrUy ov,r $J opo ()u0 ; lheirtoiI. diucra tt. ,4r C vi atdlsiposat- -lh-Fr--' - It ft most onr!tlin tDing
"S- . :'-r- t - which, by I said, ibis i not an nor half: when we have gut ihia I , , dltatmdiA children of Africa AI. fident, for the purpose of enabling him. ern people are so dependent on the .vmi
yJ2Z:iZ heel during the JUf Congretts, to meet j ,t owng i,eo,,woc.
thWorldr iwr ie lheotln and, tobsnco fvtnds eul f,f u, to work will pay and sustain themselves, they will have j unoslenlatiou and comparatively noiseless yet I 8UCB exigencies as may arise out ol IhOSe wj. . ,nft ove 0f ease, or the use of W
to the hcc,.land.on the HtaiKuk or the ctoa luda Nr n to wy ihat a railroad would destroy built np our aporta. and turned alt our produce aud all ,,,. have iriven indication (rfquiesceiil .trenglh ; momentous subjects connected with the i " . . .... coff
Ur.renoUren wte. -no desert and not evv- the Vl,ca,ion nd lhe f wme It i. a ainp- our fabric, in that direction H hen th.S happens, when , J ,jca rfflcifneY which pre,agft ,or j, an olh ot tjfi earth, SO liable.on ac- "temmeu p.peB a,,u . -.
IrTJ.'J.'SL :L7..v 5 - thseer .pay.-- fimh - .-.,1, m,. -saamrfket . ...',.,, JuA ,.: ',v Thm , ,h,j .,,.,.., An,i ,,1,,,.. tohacco. If the former, it islatiw.
J ..v J - - ..i.u . .f ....( . .. :. . u . . .1. . .r. hi., hull f1..WML.(.il hv w.sn .vil.in . .. i.nnr.M.. " '" H ' J vuui.i. ui .11.11 v . . .v ,
.very where Ihe climate ia suit.-d to the growih of all
the productions of ihe temperate (ones, and every acre
f oi cibl ihe'-very' -highest tot of tnr
proveiuent. And all this, sir, is an ad.liiiun to the water
power, Ihe cheapest and most abundant in the world ;
la addition to the gold, the lead, copper and iron wi ih
which all our hills are enriched in addition lothe inex
haustible stores Of timber, and the many natural vejre.
table productions, irouorianl fur medical and household
IB tn secono piacs.ms i.ue co.i.ury is buiucu a
population votiatfy (food and iruproveuhle.
They ore the most hard working and economical
people in the world ; long accnstonicd to hardships, for
lb want of a market they have learned Ip shift ia all sort
of way, to economise, aud to turn everything to the best
account. They are proveibiul for sobriety and morali
ty their inoustryr peraevrraoee, and energy, are not
la the third place, all the productions seeking a mar
ket from this country, Would be compelled lo lake the
railroad J there would be no rival route.
Oar eaatern friend come fn.m a highly favored coun
try in some places eYerX,lan , i Jij wu , shi.pcc
ikousand creeks, riven, sounds and inlets.
When the iron rood penetrates our upland regions, it
there will be no other outlet to divide
make nothing. A railroad would actually increase
the business of these their number would be muUi-
nlied. and haulinir shorter distance, with more to do. , in p)pnratkm oar Atlantic cities. Then sir, when al
and sure, certain business, their profits would been-' this happens, and it is feasible .and easily accomplished
hanced. Wr, when the producer is making, all those when all this happens, we will have but begun our
who cairy and trade in his article can make ; when (treat career. We will not only have achieved our iu-
he can make nothing, the carrier cannot, make dependence, have broken loose from bondage, but We
Now. they share the kisses and labors between them ; will be ourselves on the broad highway lo empire.
--with better stats et thing they would shore the f&f$
ments, they will make our State a great State, ai .ks plishrnenl of it greal and philanthropic pjrpo
ull aur iiiiprovemenls prohUUle, aud euruJi aud mcr case .
it will be the nearest lo U'verpuol, the half-way port.
And. Mr. Speaker, let me tell you a secret a se the dinner place between Europe and Ihe mighty coun-
crel worth knowing, and one which, if generally known, try of the Amazon ; and the long arm of thia port will
The primary object of the Colonization move
ment is to facilitate tbt return of lhe free ne
groes of this country to Africa, lhe heaven ap
pointed hoin of lhe colored race. luconiirc
lion with this object, which ha special reler-
W miaMtt'h poath Southern Atlintieoce io he-4aproveniet of the condition iif Ihi
r. -i, t . ... r : . .. . L . li . . ' ... .
would chung tho sentiments of many gentlemen on
this floor iu regard lo the proposed bill, 't hat secret,
air, is this: ih.it the more you lax a State, up to a cer
tain point, for works of internal improvement, lhe light
er you make the taxes in proportion to the moan of the
people. This, sir, is not a paradox ; aud let ine proceed j
t once, and with, a very few facta, to demonstrate ths ;
I hold in my hands a memorandum which, I. will
The report on Uie last census lxw lhat " The Farm
to 118,457,621 acre of improved, and 184,621,343 of
unimproved ; total 303,078)70 acres, worth in tha av
erage $ 10 per acre. The average value of the Farm
be thrown out to the exuberant valley of the Mississip- :
pi. On our coast will bv the great Southern City
hitherward will come the wide and far aouth-west. and .
hither will be driven even proud rivals, South Carolina
and Virginia. J
But, sir, I forbear ; I will not draw the picture which
fleams visibly before ine in that not distant future. I
class ol persons, vnilous oilier oenehcenl re
sult, are contemplated, which have already
been realized in part, And must, according In
present indications, continue . lo be more and
more fully developed. We refer lo ihejenine-'
lion of lhe sjave Iradevaud the civilization and
evangelixa'iion of the barbarous tribe of Africa.
I hese result have.a- we said,' already been
deal in facti aud Hot in fanriet ; and, air, I am a mat. j realized in pari; and Ibe lilrntf of Loloinza
ter-of-fact man, and have but little imagination. Yet , ij.in discover, in (hi partial tucres. an earnest
o glowing i the picture, which I see-so bright and j f vrhal coming general jona shall wilne.. in
errand and enchanting, thaVI fear to sketch it, hut some t;-- , f " , . ... .
4d.fri.uigla.iu moral eiae,rt.e. Of ibe.e ec-
seal had made me mad. TonJary. biinfot feir1rnpBttftt,-i0tfjBet of th
It remain only lo ask what deter us from realizing .Colonization cause, we cannot now speak,
.ge value oT the tarm . lbe hopes which we might justly entertain t , Mistnist Our.deign,at present is flierely to notice brief,
-tsland-rt mirwcticotrtof hp peoplo-feurparly-.pirit and ecti.nBl prejudice' . , . .:,,,-.,,- narnelv In imnrnte. ths
Pennsylvania is about j ,hese a7the curse of North Carolina. We onderrata " Pn,nry l""Pe. namely, lo Improve lh
WUI te our ocean ; mere win oe nooineruu...-. n. ......, , 7 -( l...,rh..,. rh,.,j
j -in.fciK.-.t -ibni'M'-XtsMfit .11 of - Massachiraetts, Knorle
-. ".T " " n New York. New Jersev, and
aUlhaothsr veins. P"r pore' (.tw ,enry "'K""1' rennaylvania low- ,he intelligence of the people ; we gratify our own nar-
Everv riU and branch and creek and river will pour es. v-nue maine iew iia.nsn.re ana vernwni aver- ,iews in volingoown libesa measures and then.aad
I. k. IriLl. to .well lhe mighty current ; and by the " bou' V"61"" "'7" . h blame on the people, f
tuvnTii resehe. Rahigh it will ba indeed a torrent !- !? Ine "" . ro'", boU C,M '"; Sir, the people of North C.nAna are more intelVm
Think of k for a monient! Lo.- at the counties of .''. ' Ahbama. .M.as.ippi and Tennessee, valued ; ,hBn ,hey are represented to be in our legislative hathv;
Uranee. AUmanee, IUndolph, Guilford, SU.k.-a. for- :",'-,7""r" v , , . n ' "na r" ,ne P"Pu,"r1n':"" in.unc.a.roucaieu or an
avih.. DaVidaon. Surrv.Yadkiu. Duvie, tuharrus, Row- TO " are otlener just ana noerattnan oinewise.
' . ..... i l.. t : UH U...W
' .rfi.Cle.vrl.,ld. Burke, McDowell, Cal.lwell,V, Ikes, ; .".t',h.
Abe aod Watauga on this side of the mountains ; eve
ry aers of each one can be tilled t advantage, and eve
ry article of produce made in each for market, will have
to go over the Central railroad. ' From each will go
ooro, wheat, tobacco, hay, oats, rye, fruits, potatoes,
rout, batter, chscsa,. &cr A-C. ; and lo each in return
Win pass over the Central road all the salt, sugar, mo
lasses, dry goods, 4ce ; which they use,
condition of lhe free negroes of ibis country.
We are aware lhal thj motive of ihoee who
have eulisted in ihi. cause have been impeach
ed, and that ll.ey hUve been accused of desiring
lhe removal of our free Colored inbabituiiU
oieiely from a di4ike or hatred nf the race.
.'.ir . . u I
wilt trust the oermter and ff we-irouM att dn h-if we T We trust tt l hrr binre neta'isarv lo vT.idiriTu
sratemeut I may remark that would Das thi bill bv common consent and iro homo il.u Aj.ru . ...I n.,I.U .k.i u.. ..
Ik. h.,.,J,..l .:iU tA.M A k. . Itk.,.1 .11. . .. 'J , '- It ! . : J j: i "' - -" l ..... l.a .rrr rs
....v. ............. a,a(MH,la. V, uin.-.- bna inrow ourselves on tlie peueniwiy ..u u.m:ri.i....aiHHi
mat of the present value of all the property of the State, i f the public, fighting for and upholding each other, we
; real personal and mixed ; and lhat to make Ihi amount, ' would overwhelm all opposition,
the land will have to be valued at an average of at least j Fr sir, I would try it : I boast not of courage, but
two dollars per acre. , ' when conscious that I am nght I know not what it is to
Now 1 will not contend I might contend, but I will fear. 1 am willing to mak thi experiment; to sink or
not, that a liberal system of lirlernal improvements prewim.liveor
would bring4 Up our lands to an Sveiage wjdal to that of ; deem North Carolina, ., . ;' , "
.. L .: ,k.i ik. ..i. .J rennsv Ivsnia and New Jersev ; tuit I will insist and And, dr. ill thi 1 would know no party. I would be
ea-ttsim. - n-- '-":-- . . , ' I . u ,ri; ..l,.,..l I. 1. ... : . .
tlum Cunnlir, by the tiin the load t completed, will cuiieii(e a aemai or ine proposiiK u mat u wouiu i , wuiui ij .-uo ...U..K K.. ...... ( no gleans unprovea ny
amoonl lo am eiglit or leu milhorta of dolllars. their i least treble the present valuation, bringing up the land I am. lo forget the naraee of whig and democrat ; devo- Colonization in Liberia ha, we think, been
Imrawts to i or eight millams; and we know that the to o average of wx AJIars per acre, 1 will also boldly ted wing as I am, and jwalescing, lVatnizing with my j demonstrated. We have- but to look at
llr.Vb.iJ of a r.3 lliixHirh their midst w ilt very oon ' aasert that the value of personal properly would be treb- brethrenonlheothers.de of this chamber, form a new i , J ,,,. . . " j .
Sobtan ieStpLmtSZ Then. V, wdl the I M-I ought to .-ert ind m.inWlh.t it will in- J port, and devote myself to It party of North C.roli- j he. cond.llon here, pre.en. and prospective.
vm water piwes. of the eouulry be turned lo account j j creased ten fold in ten yea.. Take a single fact th. I niansr-a party dev,ed to the interest of our people i and Iben turn lo lhal flourUhing colony, in older
aasi then wdl be a (real acceasMM of business on Uis ; coai on iwi nver may se eaumaiea si one nunares , is i u .ni.i. - i uo assu.r.i mat mis is ine case. tine can
fsbrics swus: from Ih factories to the markets of and hfty rmlhon or Ions a very low estimale. IUi I ed lo all parties a party lo rescue norm i.aronna ir.Mn
I A mriA Ika raw malenals Colllinc III. w u.n.u.cv. iw iuiiwi. . . l 1 -t" - - - - .- - - r--
. . . i . i . I A i ...:n . i ... ... - ..1.
gaged In ihi movement" from iich unfounded
aspersion v Their self sacrificing and unoh
trusive deeds of charily in lhi great work are
an ample refutation of such calumnies. It is
moreover unjust to.atiritui aci44nsrmaiitf
ly beneficent in iheVr results to moiivcs sa low
arid tinworihy. Thai the condiiion ot our free
1 lata; and to develops Ihi will squire an Thretmenl in 1 pie and aoft raiment, and place her high before the world
boat, wharves, house, shops, factorie and village of a worthy of its respect, and worthy of 'lho atleclion and
one hundred and fifty millions more. Thus the improve, veneration and devotion of all her people.
meat of the navigation f the Cape fear woild alone j And, Mr. Speaker, I can forget section In thi also
add aa much lo the value of the State aa ahe is now arciionxl prejndi.ee, that most baneful of oil the feeling
ZkIZaj ii.m.ii. To lhe pleasure-hunter, the in- worth s and it Would be Inuch Jow the mark to asaert ... of iho human heart, next to lanaiiciam. . And ...lias la.
it.. miiMTah.iyist Slid hotllliist. If We roH inier- inu aa appmpnaiHin oi live miurai. w i..f w.. ,....v...7 - g.
rJw, inniua.k ..j . .. A. hni.ff na Ui sslusiUu, nt if. Ki.i. fnirri three hundred virtue, a nilesenUinenl run mnd.
ratwf aooniy m me u .1 ! sWli i. O.h. mUli..rt nf d,011ar. That is! . Its raviuirabivaevet disturbed pur JeirislalivjaJiyaJlaaiat
frve miffion would yfeU Seveu Bundred. milTion : and ' it utters it wild anl fierweursesoiialtopr enterprrze.
Thia is a sTivht view of the cis-montane trade t and
(ben Mas look across the Blue Ridge to that magniheen!:
ad fsiry hind which lies beyond! Where ia n mora
i...;r..i m arrand or iuviiinir regiou T. VVho an
dreeribe Us enchanting scenery, its delicious climate, iis
i, twuris: asjon.j , ----- . -,
I -'jjA irjte nHHwHy, warm of uch petune. Jjjyj
'gBwawr, iWsjWsff.yig were.
ras level, iai,.'... VJ . ..' -; - .:..-(.
9:HViV-f!'''.-f father CV-
ed and where they lie buried, endeared as tlieajsi ly
, ..in n, j.in.r. iurir social, leiigi.iu. .11111 po.
liiicul stale in thi country, even in the niust
fit-voicd liioiliiies, without realizing thai theirJ
ioi is nn umonuuaie ana gloomy one. I hej
are de-barr.ed from (hose social privileges, re.
ligioii. institutions and political franchise,
which nr esWijiial io iheir elerjttion n ihe
scale of being. " They1 are regarded a an in.
erW raesvarwt bar ivW.tij. r rWowrlgemenis
' ..! ... mrwwnrrnj lor uisiioctiou in any
' te)culiarihe--l a.H n-M.i'aKi- sK.ilLi2i--i.-4.
to present themselves from hour to hour
for practical and itnmediato consTdera-
Jt is too evident that there is a restless
spirit in many of the Locofoco party, rea
dy, lo seek any occasion to burst forth
against1 some -iareigr
Spain, England, France, llayli, the Sand
wich Islands, or what not. Anything for
a scuffle, in which adventurers or bullies,-
. ,k:.... ... i. .. fj.t r....i.:
.iaui uui uua iu insr, ninv unu suinr.iiiiiK . , . . . . (,.. i
. i, i xr -.u i , vie d of lhe staple hecessines
lo be ira neil. War wi h Snain initrhl ' '
give usCtiha ; from Mexico anoiher large ! atmosphere more
slice might be carved ; llayli or the Sand
wich'Jslands might be annexed ; and any
quantity of "glory" might be manufactur
ed out of a dilUculty with either England
nr lrnncn TKa Wniira nnrsll.. frr f.,p
oeMe. and are 0DDoWltooroint?
ntinrrel with all tb uorbl. vibioh i j.iiv, ! 0US desliny. It IS man
ious to be at peace wit h us. This dispo-, ! ih t. J hese hlessi ngs aje not impro -it
Ion ol" theVhigs i affords so fine ari" op-T that iori
portunily to make capital by denouncing
Ihem as cowards, enemies oi their coun
try, friends of Spain, or Mexico, as lhe case
may be. that even Locofocos who really
do not want war cannot forego tm) chance
. .. . :. . r .lf ,lunil
Ihe latter, it is tne want i u...-
.nsrw We are sure the Great Crnl'
is not at fault, for He has scattered
nmfusion all the elements of indepei
,l-r.. .ml w-lth. in everv hill
le v of oar States Iron,: tvffxrff0!
ailirsr. rrold. and even diamonds.awlo
. j c .l- u- .n,ifnr the labor
oaa lor lito- staitu,
;i rtinre Fcnprous m
redolent of swefto
A f;P- onufoinlnrr mia lit IPS. .J
I1U iiiDOUiaMiii'ffj 1
fl...;n .ii..m mrire conStnl ai" P
UUSII'BIIV.... - . .
.r.fl rwin more rracious of the 'iro
.-a . snirs..!. for the Use. 4
nugiKs ,.. . .. .
who is 1,1
be. one of the greatest country
iJiis p-reen eartn
Il.,t w are not witnoui -
rays of" cheerful hope.
-.1 ..r:. . .. ! n;.;.,r iI.mii r.VfT De".
ui iuivJiift..w.puai-uui ui u, uy KCtiiiiii upT nrrw I'n""""?! . .fH
M ri.mWiv. - I .h r,rtiheslumhfrinf
uasvHSwa I U a' M U f II I II ' Ifll UK ' " " "
" e. i vaai
We apprehended that there is danger i f..,,-. 0r 0, Hip's children
of its coming upon us all too soon. The
"Monroe doctrine" is made the. pretext for
assumptions which will scarcely be sub
raitted io by foreign powers. And though
the commercial relations between Enjjr
lanj and the United States are too inti
mate and vital to allow either country ta-
tolerate the idea of -a war about petty
British rights in Honduras yet Prance
is differently situated, and may be in a dif
ferent mood. Napolean is said to be as rest
less as some of lhe Locofocos. He pants
for glory. He is fishing for popularity. He
would rival the warlike deeds of his great
uncle. , Why should he submit to a dogma.
Vhj"ch not only denies to the French Em
ireall right lo establish any new Colony
in NoHR A mr-rica, hut Ts now o faT e.x
fended h t quest ion its rikht to retain
sutrh as trllfiaaTor centurtes, tjven-ue-ToVe"
ih0 ehajjenges its
!V."V.X "UJ"-. papery vrtginniiy 'paor4,jejH.o-t.
whistle of the locomoti ve ana .-
berationsof the lumbering t"" J
shall soon pass thWgh.our hdk l
feys, wiU startle them aru, ,
tical music anu ricn n - f()
more and more appreciated. ?- J
... . iir ii
low Ihe developments ffj
and at least a partial in
unhrotherly sections. 1 hen P n
. o i. i- st anu.
Is 'II IUI llll
I l u tillllU
Ihe plariK rou.
. t.a-.atVli Aee n m
th rail TOM
. i i
i i'i i t
plank roaus. u-- . ir
. . I....A1. deen and
K;sn.-ps; m -
. -II .l.inrr aim at b
anu in n" o.o- ;
. V. n -Ainp 1 l " -
uriih-v.'i G ........ - -
!re8CfKaMK.-W ra.WW.iif ' k. ..A.mn.nlv ytoijulmh SfUl fit its Oml. tfiO I ( SOeOll- WT mTO Wt . VBJ.tKIOTW Ir(Ma: Sl U... .,;v
: -' . " .'-'- ' ' '- ' '.7-7 - . ,7 7 - ' "'I'-- ,.- .-.yW-.,, i- i i ' - r ii -, : - -----.---777-.; , .77'.;- 7:i.:7::.i.,.- . 7 ... ' "
Bin-- . . v,.