-I "I fi , -:
--' ' s
;pfrtflr rt5.-d Sdnrw tewllly; Jul tyrV-oU1 trrlr.
SALISBURY, yN,- 0., JUNE 1, 1854.
r 1 ' J V I r-hi !
1 . iit ' t ) i
n4 EDITOR AND fBOfBIETOm.
Two DalUn yrar, i within IWm math was
im f aaainriflin i T tea"
lMifittaimrlanini U aassr dUrtw
MjlitlimMMM I""" aaMpI at ts fio
Utun t Um EJHav awn he tut.
A aaware I tne asase a ty II eh a.
Aa ae'iatlaamat main It ar l n rkmif
at J MMM I I aaean 1 M atiaf la er 1 aara.
ekarne- Ii ! 1.1-fe M tmfali sf ,,f
ee it t.arf. le
wiwfc Hat tnmkmti pit.
rsaswale. wlian l aasuinael efcafe.
wa aavertaw UuuafS tbe
Tars eutar IW aaaa imm eaaiiitit tin.
C r Or4 tharf tiMaat kflwrlJwattw
mt rtaa (Men aw ttntm af asikud sad wife.
XTftm ialf ! aevsrtiwaMats an reawst-
h ki watiit ISwv tbM memfj (he Irael nan paaV
ati, wake Wfmm the Uok Ike w4 tkm. (Hhermmv
taf snil he fat af in tk aaal Mrb) aa charf4
Tk Riskt ( tk Lte,ier Sdlf r Eiaa-
If a law should be enacted prohibiting men
from selling ardent spirits na a beverage, would
Mch a law take away men's right t
Tbi it ta point to bt examined.
Let w fairly, and impertiaHy-rarnfrw tbr
nbjeeW and rmbrae (be trwtb wherever it niy
b i)oad-' vTbt th orgaBunslia f .sjwirtf;. i;
absolutely neoemary for the' weUam of the bo;
man family, til tnhesiUUngly admit, t
8ociaty it tbe anion of many, foraMd for the
mataal protection and benefit of tb whole.
which te iwat The basis of ancMy h a fund of
joint atock. Thie fund I composed of moral.
mental and manual capital, contributed by eavli
r If aocirty atMera ka asMia, it mart base, the
alt'bf jrfrtoelo preawrre Ks tiwriikth iaUIi
genet ef miad te guide it operation, and tlie
trtrtaod ipf manual labor to do St work.-
Tbsse three element are infipenable to the
fbrmattoa and perpetuity -of -organued society.
Ia order, that th superatnurturs of ociety mar
ataad inn and secure and answer iu end, tlik
fund, Its bants, moat b kept sound and perma-
Andtodo th'ia, H i iieceaaary that every
member be obligated to contribute something
for ha general support in Keu of th benefit, he
derlm therefrom. ,
Since every wember draws tutnething . from
BOB of hit person, property and liberty,) there
must be a constant diminishing going on, and
anient a system be adopted to mpply the atr
made, or reptenisb the constant eihansliona, the
fand, which b the life-preserver of tb social
body, nnst be completely tihatnted. Thin be
ing to, society craablea to ruin at once.
Now, H it plaia 14 all, that every member mint
U bound to contribute hit portion in keeping
thk fund aoond and foil. ' -
And tbit it the eonditioB of bit memberJiip.
If one man it allowed to be a consumer without
"and" crTwaieiy'' conlj jot ttnnd hot; wiuM be
oWroyed.- Tn thi. case, it oW be like
hive where all areroweTtTnootfari'T'B
Jky sdf-QesumpUoo would-be it unavoidaUe
fate. Ilenoe ft it a dear as a wn beam, that
it, most be bound at (he condition of bi mera-
pership, to replenish with on hand w hile he
With the other. It is only on this -
ten) ef supply, that aociety has lb elemehf of
tlf-prservation planted In iU bosom. Ttaving
i , - . H S at.
-t-- ft I -W-I-P5 J
In . ; M 2" ' S3
""h'tyttem at ita ftmdatnentnl rmiicipl rt
lb entailing spring,' which, though it be cojt
etantly tending off ita water to refresh in one
diiwetioB, yet reeervinf eonataat wrqvUes from
ether ehaaneK ia eve fulL From tbea fsculwUl any man of oommon say, that thk
laid down, we eVrivi
That very member f eenety, fbeae employ
MBt eootribute loth "general interest of tor
eiety.haa constitutional right to protection in
that employment The oommon tense of man
kind wokeaitatingly aatrnta to tb truth and jus
tiet of thit position. Nothing i clearer, than,
that the tree which beer fruiu for tlie general
good should be protected by the general de-
Society it npported bv the division of labor.
The division of labor given a variety of employ
menu. Every employment contributing some
thing le the general prosperity of Society finds
iU protectioa npon th ground of thit (act The
Anikw hat a etatmlm aoeSe'fiTpree
bit ixMliMM. ; But'wliy f Bucuae, Lit blMilWM
&Btribatw to it welfare. Tb feidduiiie km ft
djura io to tut protected la TiW Vmplorneiit.
Wbjr f Upoa th mim pwflud : Namely ; bit
boaineM advance tb ful : of fcocvrtr. Tb
aoafcbast, lh tailor, Um Icacber, tlt pLrucwn,
tbe lawyer and minister, all bav a right
fOjwa tleoorthalioaal authorhie of tb toeiiil
uoipaet to b protected in their rwpectiv am
RloymetiU, npoa the gnnd, that tWnii)lojr.
attain prowvla lh (e&eral ioturert of auewtjr.
Krery employnMit Umb claim pnotaetioa apua
tba ground of iu .aociety-inpporting Uuvleocj,
U tlM Dut tlra otUf ground 1 There can be bo
qtW. If aocitty adupt any otW prineipW of
protacting raploynmiu, n at own, 'iUul tb
atd of fc-lf-dnMructiou Id ila own buauin. Tbi
k beyond eoaUkXeny.
pruui tjji poUion, imturally leaulla anolWr
equally dear. Kaioely: That be wbuw cut
pkyutiit ouutnUitta nouiing to auoety, but on
the otlief baud, tap it 6unlatioa, (urfeit all
Minim to protection in that euipluyment .
Tbe rectitude of tbi position i noqaettioa
able.' It ttattnueut ii mural ikiuonntration.
It net upon the Unit law of nature, ! , n-lf-preaervatioo.
Society bat to adopt it at Ue
only mean to preaurre.itavir. Theeinjiloymeut
of eouDteHoiting, robbcri, defranding, atealiag,
are iuterditsted by law upou tb ground tliat
tlioe employ menu up tbe fuuuJutiun of aociely.
Whenever any butiue aapa the foundation of oe-
ety, it forfeit all right to protection from society.
1 ,. 1 . .1 .
wpw au mwm, wai
tne bnainea of Ui liquor traffic doe nothing
r the general good of aociety, but on tbe other
hand ia only evil and continually destructive in
all ita length aud breadth to the best interest of
the social compact. The biatory of the liquor
trade preaeuts facta couutl.ss, gtsring snJ on
mutalcaUe on this point. It M a business, that
doatroy tbephyakal, mental and moral ele
ment ef oeieryr-Thrstrotigist bodies cm table I
under it cruabiug burdeiu ; the brighleat in
tellect are darkened by its fogs ; the purest
moral are orruitud by iu coulaiuinatiug touch.
SMOety waaiia ij if By JiutoJ tHfluecftkelljw
form of man under the shadow of death. The
evidence is so clear on tlita pint, that it ia a
work of tupererogation to array facta.
Liquor dealers all know, and many acknow
ledge the fact, that their bunincas ia ruiaoiM to
society. F-ta gathered from the pant, observa
tion of the present, and the verdict of Ailful.
pitvsieisns in all coontri., -prov'laiiu- th fact,
that there i no good in liquor hi mind, body, or
lively destroy phyairal aLility to work, Uiental
to guide, and Plural to preserve. JUi. being
aetllvd, it follows moat concluairely, that the li
quor traffic ha no claim whatever ou noyiety for
f aiftrcliiin, . .IWaiiK, Uiengbt iif pr'tt-rttou in i
any employment, (a e have before proved) ia
baaed en tbe fact, that that tmplogmrnt colitri
butes to the atrtngth, proaiieritv,. and perjietulty
Tof society 'bui the Hobnan.ls ignaly.
and cuuipleUiy tt tlii pyint, tb'nforc, it can
hat ae right W protetHMk It htel the bwit,
and like t suierstructUfe without a foundation
mwatsul. ' - :ja principle of the UsUe ssaebshe
doctrine we are advocating. St. l'aul teachr
it. Tbeaa. iii, 10.) " If snj man would not
work, neither ahould he eaL" The plain mean
ing of this pasaage in iu broad sense, is this, il
any man's work i not productive of good to so
ciety, neither shall he enjoy the common beue
fiu of aociety.
Th Great Teacher of the world ha clearly
taught tb tain doctrine in the parable of the
talents and thw barmr trw " In tlle parallle"
of the talents, those who improved them to the
gW,SocltIty rmWt x hut the mwi of
one talent, who buried it, or failed to ua It to
the geCHers good, was condemned and cast out
aa an unprofitable servant into outer, darkneas.
Now, if tbe mer burying of a talent (which
made it at least haruileas to aociety) it a good
reason in divine procedure for expelling a man
from the aociety of tbe good, how much more
will an employment constantly active in produc
ing gigantic evil to society, (a the liquor trade
does) expel iU agent from th protection of ao
iuty. Again, the barren fig tree wa condemn
ed to be cut down, because it failed to produce
grooni Barrenness Wai tbo rrasow of it being
ut ilown. Now, if unfruitiulnen is a tutticient
tree, then It '1 aVundantly evident tliat Hie tree,
w hose fruit are evil ouly, and deadly to all, meriu
richly iobe "alum. TEFnqWtirame m sJejulU
upas tree, whose rooU have gone down deep
is th soil of fallen humanity its trunk tall and
aturdy tU branches abadet the land with crime
slut pnprritn-( dilruwiiig widowhood and piu?
ous orphauge-it leaves are for the deatruc-
like-jttrm of natioos it fruiu- fatMllv - - i. - - tot
and annually iu asp is the tears of widow
and the blood of our eitieoa its continued
irueperitv is the staudimr iubiloe of hell. No'
'Jut h.aright to b . pfoVhllhleU
titeeoamoowealUi I . A weli .nugbt th wolf,
that devour the lieep,' ak -prtion from tlie
aheperd, a for liquor dealers to aak protection
in their business frem tlie guardian of the pub
lic interest There I a much reason in tlie for
mer a in the latter. Just as well might the
leech sucking out your heart's blood claim pro
tection from your band while ao doing, as for
the liquor-dealer te claim protection from tlie
body politic, while they are draining pf .iU vi
tal currenU into the dead tea of utter toe;.
Would tb tirople feet, that the leach en
riching it own vein be a valid argument for
iu protection ( May, verily. The man I intt
niteiy more vtluslile Uian the teechr Then wjlt
Ilia) simple fact, that lienor dealer enrich their
own coffers, b a valid reaaon for protecting their
l)mtSfJ W tney toe tbe life-blood or the so
cial body and it pine away and die I Ma
Tbe eternal maiim of all win legislation it, that
tb eefely of tb public i thesnprem lae.'Tb
repabrw ha thrown her arm of protection
around the liquor dealer, while in tbrbelp
kesnea of unprotected infancy, a lined tbem in
to manhood and now in tba Unguaga of 4b
Bible. " ask'' from their eniliorient bread
that nourishes, but receive a stone" to bruise
bar head. " asks" for " an egg" to impart ri
gor, bttt reseive "a aoarpion" to sting hr chil
dren into maniac and furious
ak for &h" to trtord Btttrtment, but re
ceive "a serpent,' whoa fatal fang lay forty
thousand annually of her promising sons in th
gloom ' drunkard grave ! I :
la closing ojir remarks, we will give a state-
meatof our argument. - 1L Every employment
ha H daim for protection upon the ground of
promoting th mtoreat of society. Then what
ever business advances tbe good of society must
be protected by it shield.
Id. The business of tbe liquor traffic contri
bute no element of good to society ; but on the
contrary, taps its foundation destroy it
tal, bodily and moral vkmeuU, therefore it baa
forfeited all chiiiu to protection. Whatever de
stroys society forfciu ita right on society for pro
jection, the liquor buninst doe thie, therefore
the liquor buainea has no right of protection.
. H. T. HUDSON.
Salisbury, May 8, 1894.
Fur Iba Watch maa.
" It cannot but be a matter of surprise, that
inuneuse moiiuUiu manses should have been
found U) coruirt of an aggergation of aymmetri
cai bodies, between one 5000th and one 1 000th
of an inch in diameter, articulated together iu
uic iopiu w riugn or of aieuuer iunua,.as m .
limealooe, and tlie quarts of granite : and that I
an exact counterpart of thia curicw structure ia
the universal kingdom should be exhibited ia
in tlie anima by the galliooella ferriegiuea.'
And this i nothing but the yellow, or red-
diidi arum we see on the tnrface of standing wa
ter iu ditcbea or pool.
The auimabulea termed Monads, may be
considered as the lowest term of animnl organi
xalion. reeogniiaUe by man ; being only from
the 1200th to the 24000th part of an inch in
dhunatur. - And Urn powr of tb micrxrope
exbMid no farther : yet it is impossible, to doubt ia
that there are myriads of living forms more infini-;
tiaimst some of which lerve as food to tlioae
miniatures of life. The site of the ultimate
partkl.. of matter m,W be .mall ilf tbe eitreme; j
riona, hare beeni dweovered so small that a mill
tu.....i ..n .1... . .;ll 1
iou of them would occupy lea space than a
grain of sand. -
The malleability of gold the perfume of
mask the odor of flowers and many otlierin-
atances might be given of the excessive minute
ness of the atoms of matter j yet from a variety
of circuajaUucea, it. may be inferred that tuaUer
is not mfinhety divuible. infra,' Suuurtilk.
1'nna th Vanks Blade.
LCT LOOSE THE DOGS!
That Ib, tlie (logs of war, which Shak-
H'are speaks of. Hut, reader, it is not we
who wish for any tuch canine relaxation ;
it ia notllou ilx.-
, . , . .
week proposed, iu h.s
greet, who last
.pacevthatthejaw, which tjes up pur.ea-
jrer filbbusters shall be done away with.
lie moved tliat our Neutrality Laws be
suspended or, that the President should
have a discretion to suspend them, at a
day't notice ; and the cause of tlie motion
was tlie angry appearance of the Cuban
question, it it thus proposed that the
virtual protection which we throw over
the Spanish Dominion in that Queen of
the Antilles' be withdrawn, and the de
cision of tlie argument left to the wild
elements of modern jprogress. The affair
of ilie Iflttck Warrior threatens to be one
of dirtietilty. Mr.Souhsdeiluuid tliutthe
i'aptain GeiH;ral,reuela, shall beremov-:
nil fr.Mii thftV.,thei.iarrangement of
any future differences shall be made at
UttVHiiH, and that a large sum of money
sTialT bo pulil as compensation for tlie
outrage on the 'American ship. These
are lofty conditions - perhaps Spain will
not accept them.
Biil that Cuban acgtinient it preing to
its issue, patn lias avowed ita intention
of fiTIIrig Hie island with black races, and
of leaving it, (if it cannot retain it,) in
such a condition that the aeixure of it by
tin would be full of peril and confusion.
The object ia to let those dark, tribes of
men, with whom we cannot amalgamate,
preroonderatp -there arid Itierxntie a power
tuiheien.t to hold Cuba, or con vert it into
another Hay ti, if attacked. Africaus, In
dians, and others continue to be brought
Uito tlie island, and a system of .appren
ticeship is stablished. by which they
will become free, and therefore, to all in
tents aud lmrposes, Cuban citizen. Such
is tlie condition of affairs ; and that de
monstration in the Semite, tnpported as
it is bv the eeneral feeling of tlta-. people,
it verv tunii Scant of tlie tendency of
event in the directiou of the Antilles.
Many people' contend that it would be
wrona- to irive-our restlete filiibustert an
opportunity of going to the assistance ..of
lr-. 1 '.I...-' ; l A
any vvioan-irmirnCTwm ti wwmwi
are to u place the moment it wu
known that niawqnld not b far ofL Bat
tlii in peculiar question. It la not a
Question of morals, but a Question of na
tional necessity ; and we nold that the
oiiivesal sentiment of a, great people ia
won II V 01 retriecHUt conaiueruuou. viuv-
graphical deatin give na Cuba 5 U
portion of our empire; and the affair,
after alL it only one of time. It ia gen
erally agreed hj the moat aeropukw rea
aonera, that, One time or other, we tnutt
hare Unba, ' Mr. Jiverett told tngiana,
France and Spain and all the world for
that matter that we wntld met pledge
ooaelret that Spain should keep her own t
Thi I the sentiment of the entire repub
lic, t ot thii the Engliau, and the jreai,
have looked upon na at a nation of SUibua-
tert, and retolved to tnawrt us, one way
or Uie other. The argument, therefore,
bj universal content, hat been removed
from the pale of the moral consideration
and abstract right; it ia committed to
.i j! u .i i .t
low uiacaseivn swi iminiura vi wvnr
stance. Mr. Everett goet a little way iu
the direction of wfcat our neighbor are
disposed to Call flliboateriam J hot tbe
growing aentiment it going tome what be-
yonu mm, in, iiai uiretuuu. an muij
and eenerallv felt that Cuba commands
the Gulf of Mexico, and that, in any war
.wah""KBgIand and France and tuch a
war mav break eut at anv time, in tuch
a combustible condition of thing aa the
present that island would beeome a
fortresa of our enemies, where they may
sweep our coatta, cut up our commerce,
and bring about tlte--dsatrnction of our
marine. Cub i a menace before our face;
a perpetually hostile menace. It hangs
like a cloud, charged with storm, above
our prospect of tLe future. The Cuban
authorities and our people are eternally
mapping - and euabbling, protesting
agumst one another, and threatening one
another ; and we can plainly tee Spain
d together menaged in the desperate design of jnak-thrv-Aji,
ar 1a nif that leaU tiiurialandirebuaaliiiil "aud
curse. All these tilings put together
uencethe public sentiment of our peo
ple in the most unanswerable manner j
of abstract justice, and the law of na
tions, they will rnn back in a passion to
first principles and the law of human
rights. They will ask by what right Spain
brutalities tliat beautiful dependency t and
when they have got to far wbj, Oroti
us and Vattel will be found fly ing, with
the rest of the crockery, in a higfly; de
monstrative wanner. .
We are no fillihustera.
as John iJiirt has- declared, Mr.
bit . of filibuster, tlien we are tlie
We are not ashamed of onr buc-
We are not asham-
to move with- the enlightened sense
of. "f Conscript Fatliers,. and march
ic t It tlta rent mutsnluni mstiaai rf tlita &.
. . . ......
ed to be ours, and we are of opinion that
it would be well if we could Lave it by
fair purchase or in tome oniet war." But
we do not like the idea that Spain it spoil
ing onr nvertujd. : Wei ldo not like to
see her trainpling into black hiuddiness
the stream that runs .towards us, and it
to qnerich our thirrt. Spain it a rile and
hiiachievoui rowers whrchreiardsci vilbca
tion. wherever tlie shadow of it falls on the
earth. That nation hat no principle of
progress; but is rotten at tbe core, and
doomed to wither away. As that poor,
dear emperor of Russia said the other
day (and between ousel ves, there toot a
good deal of truth in what hit majesty
said !) " the patient it In a dying condi-
Nobody leaves a firebraud in the hands
rf m 4beciIe. At regards "us and our
aIetyT.tlie iutbecile. power., that, holdd
firebrand which may do nt a deadly in
jury . At we have taid, that island in tlie
bandi of England or France, as a base
of operations, would be fatal to the right
arm of our national strength. We should
be bearded, and battered, and beaten
down, from a position lying at our very
doors. The most desperate and deadly
wart of the world are only beginning
the wart of principle. These wars arc
pre-eminently otr; and we cannot keep
out of the strife now about to involve the
foremost nations of the globe. Every
consideration of prudence every tngges
twh oT self-defence," either as regards the
present or the future, counsels us to look
to Cuba and to- desire possesion, of Life
of destruction airaiuat us. At Ion
this-Questiun it unsettled, the tut
our people will be in a feverish and un
healthy condition ; tor the malignity of
Spain' in Atricauising tuat istana must
neceiisarilv keep our people in a state
of .deep exasperation. It it allowed on
jnii hanrlii that tlie question iaoneof-Umel!
thit is Mr. Everett 1 view. It would
be well if. the "time were hastenedwell
lor Spain, too, if she were disposed to let
us have the island for money. At all
events, we foresee a continuation of those
squabbles and quarrels which -keep the
general mind in hot water and prepare
tr ior the inr
will precipitate war with ' Bpwit' .'"The
angry feel ing against that country is
mounting up from the masses of the pep
nlL and at we have taid, it now in Con
gress. So that if the Conscript Fathers
are thinkinir of retaliation, and to forth,
we may as well furnish up our blunder
busses. When the old fosiet begin to
turn filiibustert, we may assume that
" Jonathan's back ia up, and flashing fire
will follow." !
. , . . , "i ..
-Tht man who it a ttranger to the finer
(eelings, propone to havw an mtrodnctton.
. THE ECUPSE.
The eclipse of the tnn, which take
place thia afternoon, will be annular
that is, the moon at the time of ita transi
tion appearing smaller than tlie tnn, it
will not entirely cover it, but leave at the
moment of i greatest eclipse, a narrow
ring light. BVith the beginning and the
end of the eclipse will be visible in all
parte of tii Unite StatetwiTha : New
York Pott furnishe tome particular fnat
wiU be read with interest :-Sout Caro
linian, May 26.
The shadow of the moon comintr across
tne x acme nrst reaches uie coast ot ual-
ifornia; near Ban Francisco, about iudifhW'tfwPlawk Eoad, at depth of 80 to
past two in the afternoon, by Washing
ton ume, or anout nau past eleven in tne
morning, by the time of Kan Francitco ;
and in two ho art will have covered near
ly the whole continent Of JN orth Amen
ea, with ita southern limit in the south
ern part of Mexico, and ita northern lim
it beyond the northern pole.
It will continue on tli whole of the
United State nearly an hour and a half ;
when first ending, on the Pacific coast, it
will past from the wuole country in lest
than any minute.
The eclipse will begin in this city abont
aixteen minutet past tour in the afternoon,
and end about thirty-eight minutet past
six ; tbe moon will cover from ten to
eleven-twelfths of the tun's diameter.
The effect of an annular eclipse on the
earth and sky is less striking than that
of total eclipses, which are described by
those who have seen them as presenting
an awful aspect during the time that to
tal darkness lasts. Tbe advance of the
total shadow around the horizon can be
seen from an eminence, and as it comet
on It plunges the regions in its path into
appahng darkness, while a gloom hangs
oyer tlie rest ot the .country.
But the appearances of the earth and
the sky during an annular eclipse, though
worthy of more notice than it often inven,
are not the principal feature unless the
ring will be, where it can be seen, the
great attraction of the occasion, and will,
probably, injure the eyes or many admir
ers. Opticians say that their business is
never more flourishing than -alter a solar
It is, probably, not unknown to many
of our readers, that in a period of about
t"o J . ' r r. f--
r'r ?''nolr tne lunar eyeie, eeltpset goMiiruugh
Hn ..rrluf ,,t tkk.rtiiriiiuflra.,1 kkti..li a nt f..-
peated with put slight vanatious again
aud again ; but that in the course of time
these variations amount to great changes,
so that from time to time some old eclipse
will he "dropped -omvand some uew
(tne taken jp m , tlie eighteen year pro
gramme. This subject is finely discus-'
ed in Ferguson's astronomy, aud a histo
ry of the returns of the coming eclipse is
Tlie approaching eclipse first appeared
ou the .list- about the thirteenth century,
and will continue to return Uu about a
thousand years after its first appearance,
when, having gradually passed off the
earth, the shadow, at the corresponding
returns of the new moon, will continue
for more than ten thousand years to sweep
by the earth without touching it, aud then
will again return to entertain or terrify,
perhaps, a new race of men.
A TERRIBLE DRAMA
The Paris correspondent of the New
York Timet, writing nnder date of the
1st Inst.", gives the following account tf a
terrific drama, which was then in progress
n the vicinity of Lyons :
Two men engaged in boring a well were
overwhelmed by the caving in of the
earth and ttoues. One. was killed and
the other was tightly ahnt np unharmed,
with the corpse. This was at the depth
of fifty feet Two day passed before a
knowledge of his situation was obtained.
It was then seen that it was impossible to
rescue the survivor by tlie removal of the
earth above him. The slightest derange
ment wonld destroy the equilibrium into
which chance had thrown the superin-
cunihent juastv and bury .forever the un-
fort filiate victim. Jlean were found, how-
r ti. r. tn rnnn hi in nlpli h-ifoa j
low him to take, lhe work of deliver
ance then commenced, and has been go
me on, thus far in vain, tor fourteen dayi
and. fourteen nigktr. -Two shaft have
been sunk, starting at a distance anu ar
riving under tlie spot where he is impris
oned. These were to have been wmpre-
a CT T Z .n.r .r.
day btfore yeetey
:ne waa then to be effected strange
to say, the prisoner, though he cannot
move, sleeps at night The corpse, of his
fellow-laborer presses unoh him, and de
composition is far advanced, and yet he
does not complain of . the horrible neigh?
1 j It' j -..11 J.' '-.... '
DOTIlOOU.. Ui uiiuu woura uraui muic-
what shaken by his prolonged confine
ment, for he will only speak to one per
son the captain of die .corps of engin
eers working at his release, tne roaa
which passes by the scene of the calami
ty, hat been closed to all vehicles, as it
it feared that the rum Die 01 neavy wueeis
miirht brinsr down upon him the frail in
...... , , 1 1
terlaced structure ot rocks above him.
The Empress has directed the Chamber
lain of the Palace to' keep her informed
from day to day of the progress of the
rescue, and hat ordered telegraphic dis
patch when the deliverance, ia tmauy ei
feoted. - . , r---.,-
COPPER, LEAD AND SILVER 0KE.
The Observer mention! the reception
of several specimens, from mines in .Ran
dolph and Davidson, of the finest ore the
Editor had ever teen.
" One of the tpeciment, ltofif the BotsH d intimated that these Wvahtagea,"
ine in Davidson, it of ore which yieldt eeid and potaeteed by the enterprise of
bv assav 70 tver iwnt. of naA and 441 m
of Silver to the ton of ore.
A specimen of vellow copper from the
tame mine, ana a re reet rrum the lead
vein." Both found about 4 feet from the
A line specimen of copper from the
Scarlott mine, and another from the DitHe
mine, 2 to 3 miles north of Asheborongh,
90 feet These are taid to Le similar to.
11 not identical with, tbe black and mahv
chett ore of the Duck Town Mine.
r IVK 11 CNDRKD OOXTLM ItESCTKD FBOK A
Sihkimo Ship. A despatch from New
York, dated Sunday. May 14. aavt the
steamer w aahington reached quarantine
last night, and arrived up at noon. She
brings 240 paasengert and a full cargo.
; The Wasliincrton alto brine th passen
ger and crew, abont five hundred souls
taken from the ship Winchester bound
from Liverpool to Boston. She was
wrecked on the fritrlitful trale of the 13th
of April, and had been in a crippled con
dition, kept from sinking by constant la
bor at tlie pumps. The Washington fell
in with her on the 2d inst, and notwith
standing the prevalence of a heavy gale,
succeeded in rescuing all the passengers
The Winchester went down in thirty
minutes after the last crew left her. She
belonged to Boston, and had a valuable
cargo. Mie sailed trom Liverpool on the
16th of April.
Anotlier.despfttc.il tavs the thin Win
chester had 7&Q soul on board. 350 were
taken off ty the shirr Mary and Caroline.
and Paragon, and the brigs Ann Edward
and itobert Janice, all bound to ynebec,
and the remainder by the steamer Wash-
mgton. . :
Fiermors Banks. We observe in one
of the publications for the detection of
counterfeit bills, which promises to give
all reliable information tipoii matters con
nected with the banks of the United
States, that the District of Columbia ia
headed with the Bank of America, Wash
ington, j discount i further down in tlie
ii comes the Farmers nd :Merchant
Bank, Washington, 3 discount, and fol
lowing, it the Metropolitan Bank, f dis
count ; none of whicti bank have ever ex
isted here. The two former are complete
ly fictitious, and of the third all tliat is
known is that the notes are redeemed
somewhere in New York city. It is to',be
inferred, from tfappea raue of the names
in the list, that notes purporting to be from
the two first named banks are in circula
tion, and we know that those of the third
are in circulation. People should there
fore, be caution with respect -to the bank
bills purporting ' to be of the District
which they take -J&.JMew.
Dutch English. Jacobs Feler, a mid
dle aged gentleman of Tuetonic origin,
hit apparel well incrusted with dry mud,
and hit hat looking like a collapsed steam
boat cylinder, with tile top blown off,
was brought np on a complaint of tteal
ing a piece of corduroy, valued at seven
dollars ... .
Tlie Mayor asked him if he understood
Jt. Yaw,2 talks Lim :fixrst.rateJ
u Do yon know what steal means 1"
" Yaw, him it iron vot ish made hard."
" Yes, tliat is one kind of steel, but not
the one I mean. ' Do yon understand this
how came yon to steal thit corduroy.
" Pecause mine breeches vast nicht goot
to go to church.
M Doe it take thirty yards to make yon
a pair of breeches !"
M Yaw, for Schneider much have some
for cabbage, and todder vot's left might
do fur my vrow when I gets married. It
wonld make her a good coat"
"1. see that you are a ma
youa.rea ron or toresigiit, 1
know that this" way of get -
bnt don't you know that tins way of get
ting the breeches aud petUcoats is against
the law!" -
Have vou ipa
any friends who a ill
gn butt ftir ytn f" Y
"Ulenty or mends, and more aan 11
suppose you have yourself. Dey come
and dey sell wear anything. Dev schwear
ver 1 vas, ana aey get me ciear.
"Oh, we don't want them to swear;
we want them togive .security iaxyour
appearance at court You confess you
" Yaw, yon find I nicht dell any lie ;
Tuchraan never do anvthiug which he
fraid to telL Yaw, I did steal der etuff,
but I vas going to steal der motush to
, An Ingenia Riddle. " It was open
when it was begun ; it w as done when it
was half don ; and yet it wasn't done it
was finished. Now, what waa it t Of
course you can t mi ess. Will this do!
limotby Johnstone courts busannan
Dunn. It was Dunn when it waa begun;
it was Dunn when it was half done ; and
yet it wasn't Dnnn when it waa done
for it wai Johnstone. ' -
" A Subtcriber" will, please send in hi
name, and hit subscription will be return
ed to him. We can't stand any trior ot
Ittat aund 01 thing. ,
RAILROAD PROJECTS. -S.-.-1
. TT allluded th other day to th con
temptated railroad from Wilmington to
Charlotte, and glanced at the advantage!
which our neighbor of th old North
State teem disposed to avail themselves
vuw iionu varuiininne, niignt retuii 10
onr detritnenL We have examined the
project ttill further, and. tee more clearly
the necessity of action on our part to push
forward th Columbia and Anugsta road.
Tlie road from Charlotte, in the direc
tion of Wilmington, will not go direct t
the latter town, but will take advantage
of a connection with th Wilmington and
Manchester railroad tome forty -five mi lea
this aide of Wilmington, not leaving , '
quite eight milee to be constructed.
Thit road, known at th Atlantic, ; Tennea
te and Ohio railroad, from ita termina
tion at Charlotte, will, beside ita project-
avail Itself of a contemplated connection,
in part by the North Carolina railroad,'
between Charlotte and Danville. It will
also connect with what It known aa the
Western Etens1on" of th North Car-.'
olina road, penetrating the western and!
graingrowing counties of North Carolina,
and a glance at the map of the two State
will ahor any one that by these connec- "
tiont we are likely to be cut off from that
portion of the trade and travel of North 1
Carolina which now comes over our own
ud conntrv roada and find an outlet at
But further examination of the map
Will show that a road direct from Anfirns-
ta to Columbia, thence to Charlotte, and
following the North Carolina Road to the
Danville connection, must become the
leading thoroughfare for tlie travel,, and
perhaps the mails, North and South, and
thia is alone a stimulant whicn71iliSut3
unse ns in completingour road to Angnsta.
. 1 Another feature fa
thia, that ahould tlie extension of the road, ..
from Wilmington to Charlotte bo contin- '
nod to Jonesboro', which it donbtleet will
be, it will invest the Charlotte and South
Carolina lUilred with the power of for-
rnidable rivala for tlie exportation of wes
We have thnt briefly alluded to these
project, in order to bring before onr
reader the importance of couttructinir '
on of the best links on th main trunk
of travel North and South.
Since writing th above we leant that
$460,000 of the capital atock of the At
lantic and North Carolina Kno4
been subscribed at Raleigh by a company
from th North. &WltWi'aiiw.r7r-
Fraa Ik Beisatin Amiea. ..
The following it from a communication
to the N. E. "Farmer f it will be useful
t manyjgfurjcujturaljea :
" Some Ve&rs aero. I thnuirht I wm,U
try my luck in keeping 1ewWn" Tlie ""
house I kwp them in it a rough concern. I
put some crotchet mtoUie ground, board
ed up onfstda. and inside, then filled in
by aawdust to make it warm. It is well
lighted with glaetTrindowa, and well ven- -tihsted,
and a antall ttream of water run
through it Th rooeu will accommo
date about a hundred heat, that being
the nnmher I usually keep. Under th
roost I throw three or fonr ox-cart loads
of dry muck, chip dirt, dec which I haul
over two or three time a week with my
manure hook. J bury their gain in it,
and make them work for a living, which
rim thmWjw mcold wather.."Iti.
Uie spriug, I ha ve a fine heap of home
made guano. If there is anything im
ported that it better to make our crops
taraitutw. am miaiairan "
A Good Lous for Philadelphia ,
" From and after the firtt July it-shall
not be lawful to erect a house 10 Phila
delphia for a dwelling without a yard
in ita rear covering at least 30 aquare
feet of an area, and with a separate well
built cesspool. Such a law should be
enacted for every city in the land. In
New York the houses occupy let tpaee
wan in ixmuon. mis cannot De healthy.
Tt . ' r 1 . T
The want 'of cesspool conveniences m
connection witn nunoreas oi buildings in
tlils ciiyr wKN females are'erhploved. ia
the cause of a great amount of sufferinz
and disease. -A law like that of Phila
delphia is much needed her. Seitniiji
case 01 tne euie against Joseph Vil-
liamt indicted for the murder of hi fath
er Francis Williams wa removed on affi
davit of the" '&tmV-&rviMnlf,St'
Person, that of the negro man indicted
tor the tame offence was continued until -the
next" ferni of Caswell Court
Commander Plana, the distinguished
astronomer at Turin, in speaking of the
new comet which wa visible then tate
ly, mentions a curiou ttunttance : I
conrteetion with the popular tuperstition
about the influence of comett over world
ly affair. He states that when a large
comet appeared iu 184, just after the
Turks had overthrown th Greek Empire.
Pop Calixnt ordered blie trravera te
exreie both the comet and th Turks.
It i now positively stated that cm the
5th inst Santa Anna was on his way to
th city of Mexico, and that bit wii set
out to meet Bun. -
- ' ".I
Imimii fi nil i mm iiimniinmii
. ' . ;' ' -.-