Tarhorough, Edgecombe County, .V. t Saturday, January 20, 1 S 1 1.
IV. XX. 3.
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(From the Baltimore Republican andd-gus.)
THE COON HUNTER'S SONG.
Tone "Oh, it's my delight," &c.
Come all ye jolly hunters,
The time is not too soon
To make full preparation
To hunt that "Same Old Coon!"
It is the same Told var ninl." hoys,
That foolM u once before
Then, let's prepare,
The sport to share
In Eighteen forty-fmr!
Then, lads draw neaT, an3 lend an ear.
While we rehearse a sonar,
Tho homely words, they still are true,
And 'to hist'ry now belong
The history of '40, rvys.
Of Coons and lies a score--Nonecan
e'll pay them yet.
In Eighteen forty-four!
The "Better Times," they told us of
The certain sure "kelief"
With "two dollars" in our pockets, boys,
And our bellies full of "beet!'
These things they freely promised fcfc.
As well as many more
But don't regret
Wr'l pay them yet,
In Eighteen forty-four!
These, in mem'ry, still are fresh,
But no where else we
And many's the lad looked smiling then.
Who's broken-hearted now!
Such disappointments ne'er were felt
In any "times" before
But, boys, don't fret
We'll pay them yet,
In Eighteen forty-four"!
The "Confidence" they preach'd atotft,
There's none of it in vogue,
Except upon the brazen face
Of some defaulting rogue;
And of this class, "it's no misla'ke'
There's daily growing more
We firmly swear
Frr vengeance dear,
In Eighteen forty-four!
The ,4T?ftter Wages" where are they!
We ne'er have, seen the likes
Instea I of "'two-a-day," my boys.
We've nothing else but "Strikes!
They sue us for "conspiracies"
To the Sheriff hand us o'er;
But. pretty soon,
V'li thrash the Coon,
In Rigiiteen forty-four!
On "Promises" we cannot live,
Our children cry for bread
Cold winter h wlsaround us now
Our hearts are filled with drea 1
And while the stone grows still more fierce
And round our dwellings roar
We swear on high.
The Coon shall die
In Eighteen forty-four!
Of "Changes," we've had quite enough
Of humbugs full a score
But "that ere" "better currency,"
We'll "never see itrrure,"
One other "change" we'll have, we guess,
In a year or so, or more.
The Conn may grin
Butwe,M tan "bis skin
In Eighteen forty four!
Then, speed thee on, "Old Father Time,"
We're anxious for the hour.
The day of reck'ning's close at hand;
The Coon's within our power;
When at the ballot-box we meet,
We'll settle up the score:
Oh! what delight.
Our wrongs to right!
In Eighteen forty-four!
MR. TOOLE'S SPEECH.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
Respectfully Dedicated tn the Friends of
The following address was made by Mr.
Toole, at Washington. North Carolina, to
a meeting of the Democracy of Beaufort
county, on the 6ih instant.
(From the Washington North Carolina
Democracy in Heaufort. In anoth
er column, the reader will find the procee
dings of the Democratic m( eting, held in
the Court House, in this town, on Wed
nesday evening of our last Court. The
meeting was not very large, but remarka
bly spirited and unanimous. It would
have been unusually numerous, if it had
not been crowded out by the business of
Uje Court on Tuesday evening, which was
; the time advertised for the meeiing lo take
! place. Notwithstanding this disappoint-
? iflen'f nd the inclemency of the weather,
it went off iti the best possible s'yle The
met ins was organized by calling Mr
William L. Kennedy to the Chair, and an
pointing Mr. Win. lark Secretary. Du
ring; the absence of the Commit ce. who
hid retired to draft resolutions, Mr. Henri
I. Toole was cdled upo i for a speech. Mr.
l'o )le, it is well known, is not a citizen of
o ir county, but no one is nearer to the Re
)ub!i Mil phalanx of Be -ufort. His a't -nd-anee
was casual, being in town upon Conn
business, and he was called up. evidently.
gunst his expectation. He ris wit:,
manifest reluctance We were p-esent,
in I wish we could give our readers his re
m irks, word for word, asthev were deliv
ered, because, whilst they commanded per
fect afentionat the lime, we have heard a
general regret expressed by those who
were ahe"t. that they did m.t hear th in
We will endeavor to give the -ubtance as
well as we can recollect. He said he ha-!
come with no design of making a speech
but lint among bis old political associates,
whose steady friend-hip commanded his
gratitude, he could n t refuse whatever of
asual encouragement thev could find in
his voice. He had sought to c'raog
himself, lor the last three years, fr m
II political agitation His "private pur
sui's demanded his care: besides, the
last President il election, in which he felt
a warm interest, and took an humble part,
had, he confessed, cl.il I l his pcjftiral en
thusiasm. When ve saw a candidate, un
exceptionable in private life, as Mr. Van
Hureti was, staking hiu.s. If hef-ue the
country upon the soundest doctrines anl
measuies as manifestly luht as any prop
option in E ic'lid. (which were briefly
. i i ... . . i.i . i
i.iiicc i ui. i so p.tip.tmy jusi ana necessary
as almost to disai m opposition of an argu
ment or an excuse W hen we saw such a
man, 'bus stiktog himself, and reposing
wnh calm trust in the popular judgment.
defeated by such men and such means. Ids
heart sickened, his faith in man's virtue
and intelligence shaggo-ed; he began to fear
the success of our experiment in free Gov
e-rnment; that hope of man's ind. finite im
piovement, hise.ernal progress in what is
good and wise, in morals, in science, and
in government, which warms the heart and
kindles the energies of every Republican,
wavered. It might not be prudent to say
so, but such was tbe truth, and the truth
can never be wrong. He believetl such was
the effect of the Presidential result tinon
the minds and feelings of the whole Repub -
lican party; although it may not have found
expression such was particularly the case
with the younger and more ardent mem-
n-r oune party; anil it was in this view
in.ii ne considered Hut evenl most to be
nepioied Mistakes of rulers are correc-
ted hy experience, but a gre.tt popular damned" he who hesitates is doom
mismke like this, in a Tee Government, I d. Whether our judgment run with
shook us eiy louioiai ion. o moi t died
was lie, that his mind turned from fa'nh in
the people tofai hin Providence. So sore
old he feel that it was wrong ultei ly
wiong a great moial wrong a great po
iiiicai wrong mat he said. Lro,i in
icci;c idio, .uiu, saiU iMI. I., Wll SO-
lemuiiy. Cod did avenge it. He avened
ntai. ,ra I f, . n ,1 .. -.1
it in two sh'irt monihs, and in a way, audi
uiiiier in cumsiances, and by instruments
the most striking. He dwelt here on
these topics, especially upon the fad, that
the very man Mr." I'ylei whom the
VV higs had sought to mike their instru
ment Ml deluding ihe people, had become
the instrument t,f Provnl.-nce lo punish
them. Of Mr. Tyler he spoke in the most
libeial teuns. He had taken, said Mr. T..
the helm under the most Irving cucum-
stances moieirxiug than had b. fallen any
ot his predecessors. Ik- had commenced ; er person should be our next candidate, he
his adniinitra'ion by his vetoes He had I trusted that the past would furnish suffici
u.auih sted unuual conscientiousness, and ; cut assurance that he had no wish to dis
it was amusing, if such gross dis aonesty j parage Mr. Van Buren. He preferred
could amue, to see the very men who j Mr. Calhoun. The private character and
shouted loudest in his behalf in ldO, abu-
sing him as they should a pickpocket, as
soon as he declared that he coidd not ner-
juie himsi If They seemed to regard it
absorb, that any politician should profess
to hae a conscience. Such w. s the pres
ent position of Mr. Tyler, towards the two
great parties, that it was almost impossible
tie could be the nominee of eilher. He
must look lo the future, perhaps to a re
mote future, for a just appreciation of his
actions and motives. Air. Toole passed to
topics more intimately connected with
what he understood to be the objects of
the meeting. Abstaining, at present, from
any discussion of 'he principles and meas
ures involved in the approaching struggle,
he admonished the Democrats, that, if they
counted on an easy victory, they were sad
ly mistaken. It wasevident, from all the
signs in all quarters, that the Whigs were
determined io give us the hardest sen of
a fight. They were rousing and organi
sing in all sections, with the greatest vigor
and enthusiasm and they were united
united under a leader of the greatest talents,
the highest daring, and the most uncon
querable spirit. The name of Mr. Clay
was already on every Whig tongue writ
ten in every Whig resolution inscribed on
every Whig banner. Thrice defeated, he
had risen stronger every time he touched
the earth, and was now striding in the race
u popularity, with a power and spirt
hitherto unknown to him. Such was ob
viously the fact; and it was apparent to ev
ery clnsn observer. It was a painful truth, .
ut we should not therefore, shut our eves!
o it. On the contrary, it was Ihe dictae
of wisdom "lo know the worst and to pro
vide for it." Mr. Toole here gave a vivid
sketch of Mr. Clay's character. He ad
uiited him to posses some personal traits
ami intellectual gifts, to which his own
heart warmed. He was manly, eloquent
ind magnanimous. ' Hut it was necessary
to distinguish between the person and the
politician. If, as a gentleman, he had fe v
I'auits; as a public man, he had as lew vir
tues. Warmed into public life by the Re.
publican party whose confidence he seemed
'o deserve by the active service of the ear
lier and better portion of his life, he carried
whatever of political capital he had acqui
red among that parly, to their adversaries,
and had since allied himself to them with
all the anti Republican interests which
have grown up in the progress of our insti
tutions. He had relied upon the rival sup
port of the corporations, instead of the un-
night suffrages of the yeomanry of the
Republic lending the support of his pow
erful tongue to the bankers and manufactu
rers. In short, Mr. T. considered him a
consummate, and most dangerous and
monstrous demagogue. Against a party
thus strong in pecuniary resources, united
und ra candidate thus bold, eloquent and
unscrupulous, with all tbe unpatriotic in
terests of the land banded in his support, it
was manifest, that it was necessary for the
Republican party to act with the greatest
caution, firmness anil vigor. We must
not hang back from the battle we mutt
di-pute ever' inch of ground our force
must be disciplined our ranks exhorted
our spirits roused above all, we must be
united. It was utter madness, in the face
of such a foe, to encourage dissensions
among ourselves by idle disputes, concern
ing me rivai claims oi rival leaders, i hese
matters must be adjusted before the drum
is struck and the bugle sounds to arms. It
to Ajax is not awarded the armor of Achil
les, Ajax must not retire sulkily to his
tent, but take his place in tbe ranks. Ii
were better that the whole rabble of Presi
dential aspirants were drowned in the Po
tomac, than that their selfishness should
jeopardise the Republican ascendancy. He
1 looked to the National Convention as the
great ark of our safety. Until that body
pronounces its judgment, it was well
enough to indulge some latitude in the ex-
pn ssion of preferences, which should al
ways be done in a tolerant spirit. Rut
when the decision is made, "he who doubts
! theirs or not, we cannot impeach it, with
j out consequences so fearful that any patri
otic Republican should i-hudderto contem
I plate it. Mr. T. confessed his own Die fir
jence were as strong asthev well could be,
ant hp hdt h ,r,c.,if -,i
them. He felt more at libeitv to do so.
because he could not be suspected of any
hostility to Mr. Van Ruien. According
to the measure of his means and his abili
ties, he had contributed, in 1S40, as far to
seeuie his re-election as any man in North
Carolina. He entertained gieatrespect for
his abilities, and unlimited confidence in
the soundness of his political principles.
No person appreciated more highly the
dignity and firmness displayed by him,
when President, under the most difficult
conjunctures. And when he did, as he
i should, express his preference, that anoth-
public conduct of that gentleman had long
aitracted his highest admiration. Mr.
I'oole here pronounced a brief but very an-
as'imated panegyric on Mr Calhoun adver
ting to the prodigious energy of his intel
lect his severe and constant devotion, for
more than thirty years, of his powers to the
public service his unimpeachaMe purity
of character, &c, &c. He thought he had
deserved the highest honors of the Repub
lic and would adorn them. The country
owed him much. At his age, if the pay
ment of the debt of public gratitude was
postponed, it might never be discharged.
Mr. Van Buren was the only person whose
claims could compete with Mr. Calhoun's
and he had already enjoyed the honor of
the Piesidency. If the former gentleman,
regarding the great anxiety of the friends
of Mr. Calhoun to bring his name before J I shall best promote their wishes for th
the people, would withdraw his own name! union and stiei.th of ihe Democratic paitv
from the lists, he would thus crown hisby withdrawing Irom what they must now
present great claims upon the gratitude ot
he Republican party. But, whatever may
happen, we must stand together shoulder
to shoulder, in the battle before as. Our
watchword must be "union concession
self-denial every thing for the cause, no-1
hing for men." Thus, and thus only
shall we conquer. Such is the substance
of the eloquent and animated speech of Mr.
Henry 1. Toole.
MR. BUCHANAN'S LETTER.
To the Democrats of Pennsylvania.
Fellow-Citizen: After. long and serious
reflection, I have resolved to withdraw my
name from ihe list of presidential candidates
to be presented before the Democratic na
tional convention This reolu'ion ha been
dictated by an anxious desire to drive dis
cord from tbeanks of the party and secure
the ascendancy of Democratic principles,
both in the State and throughout tbe U
nioo. In arriving at this conclusion, I
have consulted no human b -ing It is en
tirely my own spontaneous act, and pro
ceeds from the clearest and strongest con
viction of duty.
Whilst thus taking my leave, as your
candidate for the president! d offi- e. I am
animated by a sense of profound gratitude
for the unanimity and enthusiasm with
which you have urged my elevation to the
highest office on earth. This feeling sh II
remain engraven on my heart until lime for
me shall be no longer.
When, in January last, tbe De-mo?ratic
members of our State Leg'slatine, in their
letter addressed to nve, 'pirs'Mited my name
lo the Union as Pennsylvania's favor ite can
didate for the Piesidency, I made some
observations in my answer, to which I de
ire to recall your aiiention I then stated,
that if the Democracy of Pennslvania
hould resolve to off r my name to tt.e na
tional convention as a candidate for the
Presidency, with that degree of nnanimit
vhich could alone give moral force to their
recommendation, 1 fell that I ooght not
to counteract their wishes." Hiis. am
proud to b dieve, they would do with un
exampled unanimity; yet every jnptejudi
ceil man, who has observed the current of
political events since that period, must le
convinced that even the great moral in
flueuce of Ptusylvania with her sister
Mates would be ex rteil in vain io secure
my nomination. Under such circums'an
ces, ought 1, for ari y p e r s o n ; I considers
lions, to suffer the great State which has
bestowed so many honors upon me to ask,
the first time in her history. Tor a presiden
tial candidate of her own, with a certain
conviction, on my part, that the request
would not be granted? Should 1 be the
means of placing her Democracy in a false
position, which yet their high sense of
honor and the noble perseverance of their
character might forbid them to abandon?
To ask these questions, may heart tells me
is to answer them in the negative Everv
feeling of gratitude and of dutv dictates
that I should leave them to decide, in the
national convention, among the candidates
whose propects are moie promising
lint a still higher obligation iest upon
me. In mv letter, to which 1 have already
referred, I declare that ''the principl s and jtbe pockets of a consumer, in the form of
the success of the Democratic party so im-jan increased price. If he buys tbe foreign
measurably transcend in importance the el I cloth, the amount goes into the public trea
evation of any individual, that they ought jsury. If he buys the American cloth, only
not to be jeoparded, in the slightest degree, put of ii goe into the pockets of the
by personal partiality for either oi the j manufacturer, and nothing into the Treasu
caudidates." And again: ''If I know my ry. The whole cannot go into the pock
own h art. I should most fieely resign any ;ets of the manufacturer, for, upon the case
pretensions which the partiality of friends supposed, it was assumed that he. could not
h is set up (or me, if by ibis 1 could por- make the cloth for 4. If we suppose the
c hase harmony and unanimity in the mi- actual est of mmuficture to be 55, and
lection of a Democratic candidate." the profits of the domestic manufacturer
The time has now arrived when I feel Si, it will then be evident that Peter has
myself constrained to apply these princi -
pies io my own practice.
It is true, thai 1
may not be able to secure entire unanimity
in the parly by withdrawing my name
from the lisl of candidates: but yet I shall
reduce their number, ami thus diminish the
elements of discord. The great moral and
numerical strengih of Pennsylvania, to
which heruniform self-sacrificingpatriotism
adds a double force, will then be felt in
all its power, and may decide the contest
in a manner satisfactory to the entire Demo
cracy of the Union.
I can proudly say that, since I have'oc
cupied the position of our candidate be
fore the country, to which I vva assigned
by your unsolicte d kindness, I have done
nothing to tarnish your fair fame. Enter
taining the conviction that the glory and
perpetuity of our institutions require that
the highest office under heaven should be
tbe voluntary gilt of the only free people
upon earth, I have totally abstained from all
personal efforts to promote my own success.
After what 1 have already said 1 need
scarcely again repeat the pledge I have so
often given that I shall firmly support the
nominee of the De.mcraiic national conven
lion. To my frends in other States who have
deemed me worthy of their support, I ten
j der my most grateful thanks, believing that
j be satisfied would be a hopeless contest lot
In conclusion, I can solemnly declare
that the only solicitude which I personalU
! feel upon the subject of this letter is, that
you shall be satisfied with m conduct: for
! next lo the approbation of my God, 1 value
your continued favor far above all othe
considerations. JAMES BUCHANAN.
Washington, December 14. 1943.
The T orijf Question in a Nut Shell.
Wi.at is call d protection, is putting a du
ty on a foreign commodity, in rder " en
able the p 'nil ue. r of a similar domestic com
modity to get a higher price for it than he
could otherwise obtain. No manufacturer
would d sire a protecting du'v, if it were
not. to produce this eff ct, and as this is a
self-evident proposition, no proof is neces
sary fr its support.
A pro ectiog duty, then, puts money in
to ihe pockets of tbe pro'ec'ed classes, by
enacting them to sell lh ir commodities at
a higher price than consumers would have
to pav fr tor ign goods of the same kind.
But ibis increased price, whatever it may
be, musi be taken out of the poeke's of
the consumers, for it is not p sble. that
money can be pin into t' e p )cke's of one
class, withuth coming out of ihe pockets of
Now, it is as plain as the nose of a man's
fice, that if the country is enriched by
putting m ney into the pockets of the man
ufacturers, it is impoveiished to at least an
lequal mouni, by taking il out of the peck-
ets of the consumers: so that what is gain
ed on one hand, is lost on the other The
two accounts balance each other, and the
country, thai is. the whole community, is
not one farthing the gainer by the opera
tion. To say that ihe country isenriched
by the system of protection, is as absurd as
to say that the joint concern of Peter and
Paul is enriched, because some rogue has
robbed Peter to py Paul or, as it would
he for a 'hn sty Arab on the desert of Za-
ara, to fancy that he had more water to
drink, by pouring hi scanty supply from
one vessel into another.
From this view of the question, it would
appear 'hat the country, as a whole, if it
vas not on the one hand enriched by the
protective system, would no', on the oth
er, be in noverished by i. This would be
- the ease, it in point of fact the gains & loss-
es were i quai. it would then he a mere
robbing Piter to pay Paul And the truth
is, that a protective s stem robs Peter of iwo
dollars whilst it puts only one into the poc
eis of Paul. This position, however, must
be proved and if we can do it, the question
may be considered at rest.
Let us take the case of a yard of broad
cloth. To it: por! a yard of English i lo h
we will suppose lo cost, free of duty, JS4.
A similar yard of equal quality cannot, we
will also suppose, be made ir. this country,
so as to be sold at a fair profit at less than
6 To enable the domestic manufactu-
rer, then, to enter into competition with
the English manufacturer, would require
a duty of $2 per yard, so as to bring up
the foreign to ihe price of the domestic ar
ticle Here we have two dollars taken from
jheeu robbed of $2. in order to pay Paul SI.
It is not contended that this is the exact
proportion between the losses and gains,
but it is contended that in no case where a
pro'eciing doty is necessary to sustain a
branch of industry, does the whole increa
sed price go into the pockets of the manu
f.icturer, and it follows of consequence, that
as ihe losje-s are greater than the gains, the
community, as a whole, in every case, are
But, it may be asked, if two dollars are
taken fr"ni the pocket of Peier, and one
only goes into the pockets of Paul, and no
thing into the Treasury, what becomes of
he other dollar? Tbe answer is at hand.
The one dollar is lost in the expense of
manufacture. But do not the operatives
get it in the form of increased wages? No:
for they get no more wages than they
could earn in other pursuits. It is sunk in
precisely the same way as a dollar would
be sunk if there were two processes of ma
king an article, one which would require
two days labor, and the other one day's;
and if th" maker should adopt the former
instead of the latter process The differ
ence would he an uncompensated loss to the
public;and this d (feenre, whatever it may
be, is the measure of one of the losses the
country sustains by a protective duty.
If the ieder is satisfied ith thi reason
ing, t-e will, perhap ask, is there another
loss than the one described, conr quent up
on the imposition of a protective duty.
v'e answer yes, and one of gnat amount.
It is the loss arising from a diminished de
mand tor articles to be exported, owing to a
niminUhtd inportation of ihe for. ign com
modity excluded by the protective duty.
If we import less, we must export less.
Cause and ( ffect are not more intimately
united than import and exports. In a s&
lies of years ihe measure of one is the mea
sure of the other. We cannot sell if wt