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0 / 75
ll'tofc .V. 950;
Tax borough, Edgecombe County, J V. Saturday, may lfc, iS44.
Vol. XT. .lb. 20.
vm a ipf
I The Tarfooroii:?h Press,
I Br Ge6r6e iJoward. Jr.
? ., Is published weekly at Two Dbllars per year.
paid in advance-or. Two Dollars and b.fly
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Advertisements not exceeding a square will be
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xents for every continuance. Longer advertise-
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! Letters addressed to the Kiliior must be post
paid, or they may not be attended o.
I From the Raleigh Standard.
I POOR WHIGS.
'See them new, in numbers flock,
f Under'tbeir banner Woon and Cock,"
t And at decorum making muck,
' Poor Whigs.
f Their gd approaches, then h! then
Thundering shouts from boys and men
! To introduce the ""Cock" and "Men"
I They deal Ho slitnder and in noise,
Rorring aloud their vulvar joys
, (And many of them beardless boys)
They show their venemoos tooth and fang.
In low-bred impudence and slang
Applauded by a motley gang
0i' W hig.
Their motto "You can't come it quite,"
Tlrey shout aloud with wrath and spile,
f But let them boast with all their might,
5 Poor Whigs.
Ail Will not do, 'twill fail at last
WeS'eeTi all the ft ie is cat
'1 hi foolery the cause will blast,
Away? away ! Such folly hence.
Disgusting thus ro common Sense
But fet us all in present tense
We need not fear each sober mint!,
Who not by prejudice is blind,
Will in his heart be sure to find
Me is A DEMOCRAT.
April 17, 1844.
From the Washington Republican.
DEMOCRATIC MEETING IN CRA
At a meeting of a portion of the Demo
cratic party of Craven County, held at
Swift Creek Bridge, on Triday, the 3d of
May, 1844. Col. Abner Hartly was called
to the Chair, and iNa'rrniei ri. treet ap
pointed Secretary. The Chairman explai
ned the object of the meeting and in a plain
and improsive manner addressed the mee
ting upon the leading points of difference
I between the two parties: whereupon, on
motion to that effect he appointed Jesse
Lancater, Allen Anderson, Elisha Griffin,
I' and David Lancaster, a committee to re
port resolutions expressive of the senti
ments of the meeting. The committee
after retiring for a short time, reported the
I following preamble and resolutions:
I Whereas, in the opinion of this meeting.
I a crisis, threatening the permanency ofour
I Iree institutions. ha. arrived in the poliii
l cal history of our country; in which we
I see Henry Clay with his allies, the aristo
cratic banner, selfish manufacturers anil
bankrupt politicians, striving, by the most
strange and unusual modes of electioneer
ing to place themselves in office and pow
er. And whereas, should they succeed.
We haVe ever' reason to believe our feder
al Constitution would be so warped fr.om
its legitimate purposes to gratify 'their am
bition and aval-ice, that bur free govern
ment would bfcedme a bye word and
reproach unto all people. And whereas,
the policy advocated by the aforesaid cor
rupt junto, if once fastened upon the coun
try, would be scarcely les baleful iri its
tfiVcts upon us and our prosperity, than
'be tyranny and oppression of foreign
despotisms upon the people of the old
Re it, thereore Resolved, That we are
opposed to Henry Clay's 50 million Na
tional Bank as an engine of financial tyran
n)' and political corruption not less odious
than Spanish inquisition.
Resolved, That we are opposed to Hen-
ry Clan's plan of buying up Western Votes
with money and land, the property of the
"note people, and denounce his Distribu
tion Bill as a gross violation of our rights
ana the rights of our children.
Resolved, I hat Henry Clay's proposi
non to take from Virginia and Mother dis
senting Stales their share of. the Lam
money and to bestow it upon other States
ju!essed ol less unbending integrity.
proves him to be a dangerous politician
Mes'olved, That the prosperity of the
country, demands that our foreign Com
merce should be placed upon the most ex
tended and liberal basis; that with the
vorld for a market, with freedom to sell
where we can get the highest price, and
buy where we can buy the cheapest, we
ask 6f B inks and Mahuf tcturers no odds,
add that any tariff law, taking the consum
ers of the country for the benefit of produ
cers, is obviously unjust and bppresMve to
the farmer, & as Mich, is a gross & palpable
violation 61 "the 3d section of our Bill of
Resolved, That Henry Clay's attack up
on the Veto clause in the federal Constitu
tion proves that there is no barrier or ob
stacle o high or sacred, his vaulting ambi
tion will not attempt to overlap, in order
to gratify hi j own love of power and the cu
pidity of his .friends That Gen'l Jack
son and Mr. Tyler's MayesviUe anil
Hank Vetoes have nested the federal
Government in its career of injustice and
corruption, and for them, they deser ve the
lasting gratitude of a lie? popb
Resolved, Th;:t in the passage of the
bankrupt law we see developed, one of the
malign inlliif uees lrou&!it to bear in the
electro-is of 18-10, and in the language of
the lat General As ,mbly, we believe th t
that law impaired ti e oblig?.tion of con
tracts, (Ifslroved credit ami confidence,
and encouraged frauds and Tecktess s
Resolved, That, inasmuch as Henry
('lay is identified wiih the above system ol
odious measures, it becomes the duty ol
every man who loves his country and i
doirons of prevt nting - our free govern
ment from degenerating into a selfish man
ufacturing and momed oligarchy, to resist
by all honorable moms his elevation to
Resolved, That Henry Clay's election
eering tour through the Western and Sou
thern States, is an indecent departure Irom
the mode established by Washington and
Jt lit rson in their aspiration to the Presi
dency, and a gro-j; ir.Milt to the sense and
undt rstatwiing of the Southern people.
Rrsolvfd, That, in order to carry out
our views in the county of Craven, (be it
remembered that States are operated on by
counties.) the Chairman of this meeting be
authorized to appoint ten Delegates to meet
at New Bern, on Tuesday of our May
Court, for the purpose of nominating some
suitable person to run on the Democratic
ticket as Senator, and two suitable persons
for the Hou-se of Commons; and thai this
meeting recommend to the consideration of
!he Democrats of Craven Dr. E. R. Hub
bard as one. of the Democratic candidates
for the House of Commons.
1 he preamble and resolutions racing
read and submitted to the meeting, they
Were unanimously adopted.
The Chairman appointed as Delegates,
Messrs Elisha Grilfm, Levy Wayne, Lew
is Gaskins, James Clark, David Lancaster,
Daniel Gaskins, John Jackson, Church
Chanman. Young Laughing houtse; and
Bisop E Dudley.
On n otion of David Lancaster, Eqr. ,
Res lived, That relying upon the writ
ten evidence, puhlihed to the world in
h2S, of Governors Dudley ami Mor ehead,
Judge Badger and other leading Whigs,
we believe mat Gen'l Jackson, the man of
the people was, at the election of Ls24.
delea'ed not upn any consideration of
comparative' merit between Mr. Adams
and himself, but that Mr. Clay might be
Secretary of Statej" and now to give the
said ('lay Hie highest office in the country
would be to "oiler a reward to treachery
and thus set an exampk: fatal to the fair
and equal operation of our U; nMi-ution.
On motion ol Dan 1 Gaskins, h.qr.,
Resolved, That Henry ('lay's relusd to
vo'e for the repeal of the Bankrupt law in
direct opposition to the wilies of thb peo
ple of Kentucky, proves that he ts an ene
my loone of the fundamental and most vi
tal principles of a K'epublican government;
viz: the duty of thb .Representative to
obey the will of his constituents.
On motion of Capt. Allen Anderson,
Resolved, That in Col. Michael Hoke;
the Democratic Candidate for Governor;
we see an able, talented and patriotic de
fender of Republican principles; and pledge
him our most zealous support.
On motion, it was ordered, that the pro
eroding of this meeting be signed by the
Chairman and Secretary, and lorwarded to
the Editor of the Republican for ptlhlica
tion, with a request that the Editor of the
North Carolina Standard copy the same.
The meeting then adjourned.
ABNER HARTLY, Chn.
Nafh'l II. Street, Stc'y.
From the New Orleans Bulletin.
The invidious distinctions made by Mr.
Webster,' between those States of the Uni
,n in which domestic lverv exists, and
those in which it has been found expedient
or profitably to discontinue that institution,
we hope to $ee rebuked and denounced, at
least by the universal voice ol the slavehoi
(ling States. We take pleasure, therefore,
in IrWerting the eloquent remoristance
against ihe unjust and unpatriotic senti
ments of Mr. VVedste'r, and the earnest ap
peal from thp'rn to the pr ide and self con
sideration of the South, which wilt be found
in another column. The distinguished
gentleman who makes this protest and ap
peal, as well as the Senator to wRom the;
letter is addressed, is a native of the
Sooth, and a champion of Soiilhtrn rigitts.
not to the exclusion, but as k part of, Ji
mtrican rights. He takes boldly and
well the ground which we believe the
whole South will rally to as a man, that the;
existence of th'rs or that institution in its
limits shall not prejudice a State in the e-
timation of the Confederacy; that if other,
slaveholders are not 'fit to come into the
Union, we, as slaVehctders are not fit to
remain In ft.
bet us not be misunderstood. We en
tertain no apprehension of a dissolution of
I tire t'nion. We believe that in all parts of
the country, and with life great ma of
the jfc ple, love and reverenee for the Uni
on and the Constitution an abiding sen
liiiienl, t60 deep, too 'errne's't, to be 'easily
uprooted. Bat if any thing can (FeMrOy
the attachment of the States to the "confed
eracy in which they are bound, it is the
frequent expression of such doctrines as
those Mr. Wed.ler indtilees--doctrines
which assume a condescending tind patron
izing, and at the same time, insulting and
contumelious air, to erne-ha IT the 'existing
States, and attempt to impress into the
clause which empowers the admission of
new Slates a condition not known to tin
Constitution, a principle n6t recognized in
our national policy, and inconsistent with
the perfect equality which attaches i'o th
State's, and with the right which belongs to
each of them to regulate its domestic "af
fairs. Let every statesman who loves the coun
try and the Union, and who hopes for a
national reputation and appreciation, be
ware of the unjust, illiberal 'and unpatriotic
ideas on which Mr. Webster has wrecked
To George McDuffie, E-q.-,
Senator from Sooth Carolina.
My Dear McDuffie: Vou must find Vny
ffpclogy for ibis public tommunicaiion in
the relations of our old and Valued jfnen'd
hip, and the interesting subject which con
stitutes its sole topic.
On reaching this place last eveni'n from
Texas, 1 read for the first time, the follow
ing extract of a recent letter from Mr.
Webster, to some of his friends in Massa
chusetts: 'I frankly avdw my entire unwilling
ness to do any thing which shall extend
the slavery of ihe Alrican race on this con-
tinent, or add 'dt'htr slaVeholding Stales
to this Union We have sla
very already amongst us. The Constitu
tion found it amongst us: it recognized it,
and gave it a sdlemri guarantee. To the
full end of these guaranties vVe are all
bound in honor, in justice, and by the
Constitution But when vve
come to peak of uniting new States, the
subject assumes ah entirely different as
pect. Our right and our duiies are then"
both different. .. In my opinion,
the people "oflhe tJ. S. t7 not Consent to
bring a new, vastly extensive and slave-
holding country large enough for half a
a dozen or a dozen States, into ihe UnibH
In my opinion t key ought not to consent
to it "
We cannot misurtdersiand ihis remarka
ble manifesto. Whilst it assserts brdadly.
that no sbvehohling State Is rigaiii to be
admitted within ihe pale of the Union, it
leaves by necessary implication the dodr
open without limit, to the admission of
those in which domestic slavery does not
eMst. In other words he tells us; when
we adopted the Federal Constitution we
permitted you to come into the Conledera
cy wiih the taint of moral leprosy. We
must stand oy our.uargain. e win,
however contaminate, our household ho
further with $uch associates Hi
The meanest ivhite slave who c?awl in
his cowardice and servility among us can
give no other interpretation toihis anathe
ma. . It must come to ihis complexion at
When this doctfine is avowed, when
this brand bf Cdih i5 put Upotl ouf fore
heads, what is, and what become of. our
situation? Remember, too, this language
comes from a man of mark. From a
"voice potential" front one who is at once
regarded as the INestor and Demosthenes
ol that part of the Union which lay claim
to the largest part of the virtue and intelli
gence of the country;
For one, however much I may be satis
fied of what the United States must lose by
rejecting the proposition for the annexation
of Texas, yet, if she should be repulsed
from considerations of political power, on
which parties may fairly take antagonist
ground. I t-hould be content that this ques
tion, like other public questions,. should
be decided by the arbitrament of the pub
lic will, with a due regard to that epiril of
"rompromise "which formed the Conslitu'-
lion. Kit the Drincinle of exclusion, as
avowed by Mr. Wet'sterv (and doubtless
he speaks foV1 A paHy whick has taken its
stand) involve inSurl and defiance lo us at
ihe S6uth. In one word, that we belong
d a ihorull'ii degraded 'caste.
I ask, rriy friend, as men can We stand
this? Even if we have a craven willing
ness to remain in the houSe oTour fathers,
insulted attd reviled a$ long as we are per-:
mitted to abide, what security ha Ve we
th it we shall not at last be kicked ignomi
niously out of doors, and sink to the level
of our own slaves? With all pdsibl'e mod
erafmn allovV me to ask if this is the
ground on which TeXas is 10 bfe excluded
from the Confederacy, haVe we anv other,
alternative but ANNEXATION 0 DlS
tlNlON? There are limeS and Occasions
in which the hfest rliscrtiioh is lo be 'found
in the highest courage, and if slaveholder
are Viol fit to be adntted into the Union, (
tee aie no jfi't fd He Tker"e. The argument
can have lio other extent btit ilns.
6m hie an irdividual as 1 am, I hsire'
my 'poVdion in relation to this subject not
to be misndert'odd. 1 haVe h'lth'erto ta
ken n'6 part n the battery of this queHioh.
To the best of my FscoUe'clto'ri, 1 have nei
ther written to Mr. Calhouir, yourself, nor
a single member of the S'd'uth Carolina De-
legvtion on the lo'ptc. I do n6t even knt)w
yoOr opiYiion, intintate as our relations have
been. 1 haVe b'e-n restrained by considtr
ations of peculiar delicacy. I have larg
pecuiiiarV "claVms 6'n the uoVernmeht of
lexas, and desired ho distr'ust of my rtio
tiJes. Hf sitfes, I 'procured ihe recognition
if Texas from the first and most powerful
nHtion on the fa'fe of the earth, and from
two of the second rale powers of fcurope,
and 'co-'o-p'er a'ed in ohtainir.g that of th
King of tlte French. After assuring ihee
Powers that Tex "s desired to be a sove
reign and independent State, it was not for
me to take a prominent pait in rneasures
which Were to place her n a subordinate
sphere, hy corifribuVing to a leVersal of my
Hut, if the ground on vvhi'ch Texas is to
be excluded from the Union, is the ground
assumed hy Mr. Wehster, the question of
Annexation itself sinks absolutely into
comparative insignificance. The IJni'on is,
in fact, dissolved, if the principle assumed
is allowed to bear the bitter fruit of its in
sult and Injustice. That is to say, if the
sordid cultivation of cotton, rice, sugar and
tabacco, has left 6ne impulse of manly
pride and courage in bur bosoms.
1 indulge itt no" feelings of resentment
towards Mr. Webster. As a Northern
man; he is quite at liberty to entertain and
express the opinions he, does. We have
an equal light to entettain our own. 1
have much personal kindness and consider
ation t'd acknowledge at his hands; arid a
large tribute lo bay Id his incomparable ge
nius, and to an intellect whose vigor gives
both simplicity and grace to hii extraordi
nary elegance aiid accomplishment His
opinions; for alight 1 khoVv, may suit New
England, but they will not suit us.
On this 'question of Stale pride and na
tiohal honor, I disdain I'd enter into any
sordid calculations of profit.
1 w ill not tell you what a star Texa will
be In the galaxy of this Union. I will not
tell you of the marvellous fertility t)f her
rich river alluvions and hodndle'sS plains
of her ability to Sustain the finest popnla
tlon ort earth of how murh vastly moie in
the sum of ihe security of this fine city, and
the' Valley of the Mississippi, it wolild be;
to nave ner peopled by ihe haniy rinvmen
of the VVest, under our own glorious ban
ner, 'Bdne Uf our bone, and flesh of bur
flesh," than to haVe ihfe lazar houses.
Stews and penitentiaries of ihe old world
vomiting forth their irlmaleS on her fertile
Shores. " I will not tell you that our trade
with this young and growing country i
faSl waning that amidst 12 or 14 square
rigged vessels in the port of Galveston,
three days since, I saw the flag of out;
country hoiSteJ at the mast head of but one!
I will not tell you that the' miihufactures
of New FJnIand afe MeaHv driven out of
the couniry; and fhose of Europe substitu
led in their place. I will not recobht
these things, because I will not dishonor a
ojueStioH of pridb with ilie base traffic of
If ihe South, however, after listening for
dhe hour ()ea, a Stated hou j per diem f6cl.
ihe lasi four years to reproaches and insult,
in an assembly Which ought to be blessed
6y ihe spirit of fraternal concdrd; should
put up with this indignity, not gently inti
mated but flung slap In her face, why I do
not segj rhjr dear Mar, that you and 1 have
any other fate but like the rest to be con
tented and infamous, and make cotton and
rice as long as our masters will permit u.
to do so.
But if, on the othpr hand, the Southern
delegations should rise to a level of the spi
ril which once dulinguished oUr fathers,
and they sound the tocsin after Congress
shall have declared its authentic sense
THAT NO MOKE SLAVE STA I ES
AUG TO BE ADMITTED INTO THIS
UNION why, then, humble and stricken
j as I am, I promise to re-echo the blast in at
least three States in this union, which I
touen in social sympainy and contact. I
think .we may count oh all of them. As to
that noble old State to which we both owe,
with our loyalty and affection, so much
gratitude; as among the favored of her sons,
shall We dpuHt her? No. "She knows
how to die, but neVer to surrender."
Sincerely, your friend,
: J. HAMILTON.
St. Charles Hotel, New Orleans, Apiil
rbrr. the Camden (S. C.) Journal.
FanafTcTsm.Trom the last South Ca
rolinian we learn that the State, vs. Jch'ri
L Drown-, for aiding a slave to escape
from her master, and the sentence of the
law pronounced against him, have created
quite a Sensation among our own, arid for
eign Ahdlitiontetg. The news of this trial
which took place in Wjnnsboro', a small in
land town in Fairfield district, during tlie
past winter, has already found its way td
benevolent and philanthropic England, and
has been brought to ihe notice of the
House of Lords, by one of her great states
men, Lord BroUgham. Now we were
present at said trial and after it was over
and sentence passed, we heard little or no
ihing of it, until lately, vvhert we learned
that the t5oVernor had pardoned Brown,
and this being expected, as the prisoner
w t"s a young man, anil sought not to abduct
the slave through any design unfriendly to
our institutions") we paid not much attert
'ion to the matter. In the Carolinian we
find a Jett'er from Judge O'Neal, who tried
the prisoner, in reply to a Mr. Loysl Fire
man of Indiana, who had addrcssel Judge
O'Neal, mentioned the excitement which
this case and its result had created in that
quarter. V'e learn also, that a short time
alter the Governor had pardoned Brown,
the Executive Department was flooded
with petitions (still they keep coming) de
nunciatory of our institutions, accompanied
by warnings, threatening, and demands .
for Brown's pardon. How mUch further
fanaticism may carry the deluded individu
als, signing and sending these petitions, we
may not venture to say, but at all events,
thiS hYode of proceedure, is enough to stop
the d'oor bf mercy, and stir up within the
hr'easts of Southern men, an undying spirit
of revenge, against the instigators of such
unrighteous interference with ihe laws of
a sovereign Stale. How this particular case
came to awaken such an interest as it has
apparently done, amongst foreign and do
mesiic fanatics we know not; but it be
hoves the people bf the South to watch
closely all such manoeuvres of these hollow
hearted philanthropists, and to keep d
bright look out around them, for, from,
the fact of this case being so much noised
abroad, there must be amongst US 'Wolvei
tn sheep s 'clothing.
P. S. Since the abdve was iri UTpe,
the arrival of ihe Acadia, we find that Lord
Uenham; in the House of Lords, adverted
lo the above case and hoped that the ex
pression of ihe feeling ih,Ehgland and over "
Europe, would reach this country, to pre
vent the infliction of ihe punishment!'
Brown" odght to jgb to England dt bhee, the
British government would no doubt dd
something Handsome for him.
jJJ'The Warrenton (N. C.) Reporter
s'aysihat a child was found dedd inthe wood :
in that vicinity, dn the lith Inst. It had .
befen strangled to death by some person,' ad
yet unknown and unsuspected: . , :
Morhions. A steamer lately arrived at:
St. Louis, Missouri, having on board 216
emigrants, all Mormons bound for Nau
voo. A large poition of them were wo- '
mH, Hoys, girls, and small Children. Three
children were ,born on thfe boat, on her
way from N. Orleans to St. Louis.
Dwarf in England. An Americari
Dwarf named Charles Stretton, who sus
tains the nickname of Hen. Tom Thumb;
is creating quite a sensation among the ar- '
isiocracy of England. He has visited the
royal family and has been visited by sev-
eral noblemeri; and is making by the-opera-
tion nearly two thousand dollars each
week, which aflse from presents which are
la visheel upon him. The Dwarf is about '
wenty-five inches high, and is very hand
some and elegantly pioportioned. He has .
much amused ihe Court by hisyankeeisms, -and
we see enacted in real life ihe farce of
Tom Thumb." To be sure there is no
Queen Hunckamunta, in wh0se smiles1
"the General" may sun himself; but there
is Queen Victoria in Whose favor he is
baskine, while he is taking in no small
amount of the ready," a thing that neither .
the dramatic Tom Thumb nor the spluck-
uack" of Gulliver were able to do in their
dy The London Punch says that Gen
etal Tom Thumb has made his appearance -at
the stock exchange, and was universally, ,
allowed to be the smallest American stock,
ever known there; Pennsylvania diyi-,.
(tenets, of course, excepted.