RALEIGH, FRIDAY, APRIL G, J 849.
Tnr. IUi.Kioii Timss will be sent to Subscribers
at Two Dollars ami half per annum, if paid in ad
vauca. Tliroo Dullars will be charged, U payment
is delayed mix inoiitliv These Terms will U invaria
bly adhureii to.
For every Sixtcr n lines, or Xett, One Dollnrtfor the
first, and Twenty-five Cents for each subsequent in
irrtion. Court Ordeis, &c. will bo chargtd 25 por
fltit, higher; but a reasonable deduction will be made
to those who advertise by the year.
-' DT Lotlort on business, uwl all Communications
iiintiilud for. piibiieutiuH, must bo addressed to the
Uihior, uud post piti'l. v .. .
iSl'USTANCK OF TUB
Remarks of Maj. CHARLES L. HIXTOX,
At the Internal Improvement Meeting, Md in this
City on (is 3J ultimo.
Maj. IIiktoj said, il was known to most of
thosd present, that he whs not in the habit of pub
lic speaking. He very rarely ventured an ad
dress in public, except when the kindness and par
tiality of his friends requited ef him to contribute
his humble aid towards the promotion ol any great
cause which was calculated to advance the public
good. And in yielding to the wishes ol his friends
on the present occasion, he could assure them that
nothing but his strong conviction of the import
tance of the great improvement, to lurtricr winch
they had mot togolher, could have induced linn to
respond to the call of the meeting.
As I have no preteusions to the character of an
nrutor (said Major llinton,) I shall proceed lopre
ociit to the consideration of the meeting, a few
plain statistical facts, easily to be comprehended
by the humblest capacity, in order to how the
great advantages of rail roads in general and tlie
jxseuliar benefits of the contemplated central road
to those contiguous to it. My purposo' will be to
how that liot ouly will the construction of this
road tend to elevate the character, develope the
resources, and increase the wealth of the Slate,
but that it will confer direct personal benefit npon
individuals. It will be readily admitted that
' money isaved is money made ;" every farmer
wlwcun curtail the expenses of his farm, to that
-extent enhances his nett profits. It ia usual to es
timate tho utility of mil roads only by their cost,
and the expense of running them, compared with
the profits to the stockholders. The Raleigh am!
Osston road has become somewhat odious in the
public mind merely because It has cost the Slatca
-few hundred thousand dollar.-", and now barely
yields enough profit to keep it in operation. Very
Jew nop to consider' what arc tho advantages it
hfforda to individuals, and that will perhaps never
ie foaliaod, till the operations on tho road are sus
ipended, which i fear must be the case, if tlie road
as not continued Westward. Unfortunate as has
letn tlie Raleigh and Gaston road, yet it can be
shown that its benefits have been and are now im
mense to every one who Owns property, or lives
-by his labor, within reasonable distance of the
-the road. .. ' ' -': ! '
'.- As this is a meciing -of the citizens of Wake
County, met together for the purpose of consult
ing npon what they should do with reference to
Hhe advancement of thoir own interest, let us sec
liow this county has bewi benefitted by the Raleigh
ind Gaston Railroad, and liow deep an interest
its citizen have in the coatinaation. For I think
it mast be apparent to every one, that the continu
ation of the road farther West is absolutely essen
tial to ita cjiis'once. ;: -WAKE
".;'..-'. '-' cottoic. '
From the compendium of the ermmeration of
tlie .inhabitants and statistics of the United States,
'asebtained from the returns of the sixth census, it
appear tliere was raised in Wake county in 18 10,
11,301,990 pounds of cotton, Uiiicii when ginned
.woukl make 1879 bales of 350 pounds each this,
1 must bolieve, is considerably below the product
at this time ; for, ill 1317, as appears from the re
port of tho President of the Raleigh and Gaston
Railroad, submitted to the la t Legislature, there
was sent to Petersburg troin the Rjlcigh and
Wake Forest Depots, 12G1 bales. It is known
that a considerable portion of our crop is carried
to Faycf.evillc, a largo portion, if nut the larger
jinttiim of it, is sold to the Catie Creek, Orange,
RocKingham, and Milton factories. I then lako
'1879 balcis, Ihecrou of , ISiO, a the kosisuf my
alc.jdtion- leavijig the attrplua if any there be,
, fur boms consumption.' It msy be jihner for hie
lo observe, that previeua to the construction of the
railroad hi this. place, our cotlon was all seiu hi
I'uyoUcville snd Petersburg the prices at 1'otera.
2 burg Tinging higher than at Fayetloville ; and it
. i a. lad known to pur fa.mers, that tlie cotton
vfuised North of RaMgh; was carried to the former,
f a i.ilf (hut raised South, wit carried to the hitter
nmkot. . VV-itt'tiinij tu I'ttarabarg win .l 25
. irr hun.'reil, or tl CjIiIh ptr bale.. s ;
":..1bW hah rt i irJJ x baU em '- $84130 6i
It) K.1 1(1 or C,a U nm ,
1 'liumlrcJ) at jireat-nt Rail Road
.i , Ciitj ti t!ioiiducf ottonr ; . : $4';94 82
I I (! . Ml, -mi',.. .
i. H.-(htf we had the advantiige of railroad tfiins
.fn'.'tion, the tjonkt of our merchants will show
i..,. il,i- j.ncc uf salt rangeit . frotu four h;v to
five dollars per sack. For years past it lias aver-1
aged two dollars seventy-live cent. J here is re
ceived at Raleigh and Wake Forest depots, 3,102
sacks, wlncli at four dollar serenty-rive cents,
mu aes .
$10,14 1 50
Same ut $2 75, present price,
Gain to the present purchasers of salt, $0,924 00
' ' 'LIME. '
820 casks of lime were brought to this county
by the railroad last year. When wagoned, it cost
from 4 60 to $5 per cask. Present price $2 75.
Saving of $2 per cask, equal to $1,600' 40.
The Reports referred to, "make no mention of
the quantity of Iron, Sugar, Coffee and Molasses
brought on the road. They form a very consider
able item in the expense of every farmer. My
own impression is, that the cost of iron upon a
plantation does not vary much from that of Suit.
If so, wo place the saving at the same 6,924.
Wo are equally at a loss to know the amount
saved on sugar, coffoe and molasses. It is all
conjecture. We aro ccrtumlv below the stundard
when wo say $5,000.
The account then stands thns
Saving on transportation of Cotton, $4,294 62
" : . 'V Salt, 0,924 00
" " Lime, , 1 .040 00
" " Iron, 0 924 00
' " Sugar, Coffee and Molasses, 5,000 00
Gum to tho people of Wal-e, )n the
sale uf their Cotton, and in tl-eV pur
chase of bait, lame, Iron, Sugar,
: Coffee and MoIiisbcs, $24,782 C2
Rut this exhibit falls far short of showing all
the benefits the farmers of Wake and citizens of
Raleigh derive from the railroad. I have enn-
mentted above the savings on the sale of cotton,
and the purchase of the absolute necessaries of
life. Few, if any of our farmers, make an entire
crop of any one agricultural article for sale.
Their crop is divided. The railroad builds up
your lowri ; onr aim is to feed you. More than
one half of the surplus of Wake is consumed in
Raleigh, rd makes no show on the list of exports.
' I have collected some statistical information re
lative to the county of Granville, which presents
the savings by Vailroad in ft much stronger point
of viewthan those have exhibited for Wake. I
have selected GraiiviHe, because it is an adjoining
county ; about the same site, and containing about
the same amount ef papulation as Wake.
'; In 1840 there was raised ia Granville 3,988
832 pounds of Tobacco, !iich reduced to hogs
heads of 1500 each, makes .,G58 hogsheads;
Before the establishment -of tlie Gaston road,
$1 25 per hundred, or $18 5 per hogshead, Was
the usual price paid for carrying it to Petersburg,
tlie main tobacco market for iVorth Carolina.
8,658 hogsheads, at $18 78 fcfr transportation,
cost , r -:' ,'-. : -' ... $49,837
Same at CO cents, or $7 GO, ptesjeut. A
railroad rates, ,: -,, . , 17,205
: Nett saving to the planter, ' " $32,575
! In 1817, there was carried from Hn3etson, the
principal depot in Granville, 1802 hogsheads ef
tobocco ; the balance was deposited at other places
on the rond, or citrried down the Roanoke, upon
which Granville county borders.' ' "
' ' "' WHEAT. ' : " '
The same year, Granville county raised 53,958
bushels of wheat. What quantity it requires for
home consumption we are unable to determine;
I but wo may fcul'rfy say, Ihat the farmer who reaps
i one thousand busiiels, can (pare 750 ; thus roser
! ving 250, or onefourth, for seed and family pur
! poses. Three-fourths -of 43,958, is 38,953, which
j we supH)so was sent to IWrsburg, a p irt in flour,
j but tlie greater portion in the grain. Forty cents
per bushel was tlie usual price price given when
i sent by wagons, ihe only means of transportation
before the railroad was constructed. It is now
carried from Henderson depot at 15 cents per
bushel, It us sec 4he diilereuce. i
3S.953 at 40 cents cost, H ; $13,581 20
Uo . 13 cents, present rates, 5,842 93
tiaiii lo tne wheat grower, $y,73'J 2-i
i 1 am informed by the practical intelligent farm- j
i the price of transportaiion, tlie" wheat crop has
j been increasing (or years ; and at this time, there
is more wheat seeded tliari wus sat'td in 1810. '
j ,-w . , ,.. ... i;,:
j 2,325 sacks of s;ik were delivered at Henderson
tlie last' year. " A consider.ihle portion of this, no
uouni,' wa carried to urange and t'erson", but riot
inure than Was delivered at the other depot in the
county and landings on the river. Say tho sating
U $1 35 per sack; the difference between the
fomief tinri present (irlces equal to ' ; $3,502 80
1,imk. 330 Casks of lime at the tame 1 ;
.'iwtt,-.l'. i .; . : 825 00
. - Tlien, sir, not taking into the estimate the st
ring m dry goods, hardwnre, and other articles of
merchandise which ar daily ftrririag at the dif
ferotitdcpMH, and tlivarietr of tlie msllrr pr
ducWaf Ihe hirm ihM in like manner a rv exnort
eJ, the account of the county of Granville for her
wviHgB.by the railroad tads thus: i '.
Tobacco, i,, VI ,.,..: oti m ti $3257J 00
WtMut, , 4 , . x- i 0,7)0 23
Salt, . 3,502 60
Lime, . . 525 00
' Iron, ,tr , , ,r r,,'-,:f; 3502 fiO
Sugai t Coffee Sl Molasses, sume, 3 503 50,
Nett galit to the people ef Granville--
So, in proportion, arc Franklin, Warren and I
other counties benehtted; anil II the estimate ue
extended West, as yon go up the country, so the I
the profit increases. j
Ihavesaid thus much to show the advantage
of the Caston road to Wake county advantages
We are now rnjoyinjr. : :
I propose now to ask your attention to the grani j
scheme of the great Central Road now in coulcm- '
plation and if we were to derive no further ad- j
vantages from extending it West, vye are romu-
unrated alremlv morn than eirrht times the' nroiior- 1
tion of the tax We would hive to in von fvl OOO'A
nun tl, Kito i i,,w r, il,;,t m,,l '
The annual interest on' that sum would be $120,- j;: BlU ll")RC same Counties raised i7.799,555 lbs. f. The day laborer, the Mechanic, the Merchant, and j content, ami of insinuaii,.,n of hostility to tho iii
000. .The population of North Carolina in 1810 01 Collon reduced lo bales of 330 pounds each, 'he professional man, all Would receive encourage. : fresti of -Wiliriinglnn,' sgainst every one, who'
was 753,000 of Wake County 21,118. . : 13,97ft. If the difference in transportatioit ! ment. and increased employment, by thus develop- i might, from a tense of duty, ho unable to approvo
As 703,000 is to 120,000 so is 21,1 IS to $3 - j ll0"u ,e0llly two dollars and fifty ets. per hale, ing tiie resources, and' iuereasing the wealth of the I the hill bef.re the Honse.- For myself,. (said Mr.
3G8, the proportion Wake County would have U'l "fly ' 13.970 byWhiindrwI and fifty, i eowntry.-... j It.) I shall do wl .it I conceive to be ir.y duty, re
pay,- ! and you have S;',!,r !() saveil to the fanners. j Want ol time, howetrer, admonishes m3 to cur- : gurdlesa of the complaints of friendi', or the !e-
;j,er mv n'.ive Bhown to bo ft-M 702 02 I'" ,lmayu0 s',,iJ that our factories consume all the j tail my remarks. I have only glanced tit a few nuiieiutiuis of enemies. I may calculate on no.
'Dcduciher proportion of fit '' 3 31)8 '(,lll, made in tho middle and wostem portions of ! stubborn and incontrovertible' facts, showing the ! thins else than being charged with motive-- of hos.
I the Shite.' Very true. But they will be compel!- j advantages already accruing from our present iin- tility to Wilmington, nnii with repriwnting tho
Saving from the present road, even niter paving I
.our proportion ol the interest of. the loan $21,
SiipK)se that Wake and Granville were govern
ed as a Bunk, Rail Road, or any oilier corpora
tion, and at the end of twelve .months, the 'stockhol
ders, were to meet, a committee appointed to in
quire into the a Hairs of the in-liUiioii, and it was
shown as plainly I think as I have shown by the
above calculation, that they
ccrli $24,702, or $21,394 (3:
mil lost lor the con-
heciuse they would
not expend $3,3CS, docs iiny one doubt for a mo-
jment, but the general indignation would ho so
great as to demand a change ol rulers 7 V e can
not doubt it. Then, acting in our separate and in
dividual capacity, why not avail ourselves of ad
vantages offered J
I liave said ihat $3,3G8, is the proportion of the
tax for Wake Couuly, and that she has a popula
tion of $21,118. Multiply tint number by 10, and
you have more than the iiinouu' required. So 16
centi for oacli member of tlie family,, more, than
pays the tax. -;'. ' ' '
But it would not be as bad as that eveii. Wo
have $2,030,235-worth of real estate in Wuke.
Tax this 8 Scuts on every hundred dollars worth,
and you have $1,0:14
W o have 5750 kIIs that are taxed, say
20 cts. on each
Merchandise and other things taxed
and you have - : $3,308
But I don't know that thero is a necessity lor
taxing land and poll so high. It was the pleasure
of your last Legislature to tax money st interest,
pleasure carriages, gold and silver pkile, gold and
silver watches, and many Other Other articles used
by those in more affluent circumstances' ; and there
are still other object of taxation that may be made
to bear their proportionate part, and thus diminish
the tax on land and poll, 1 '
''-I had neglected to mention the increased activi
ty and yaliie this raiUro.id improvement would
give to yoar 'business and property. . In 1833, un
der tha former asiessmsnt, tin real estate of tti
leigh was valued at $338,358-, in 1847, at $410,
43524 pit cent being thus added, owing to tho
Raljigh and Gaston Ro.id. Tho To.vn of Wil
mlngtoii offers a still more striking illustration of
the benefit of Riil Roads. . In 1810, iiiiJcr the
fortaer assessment, hur real estate was valued at
$G50,359. In 1817, if was valued at $1 ,275,300,
early doubled. 1 '.
" She has a public spirited, enterprising popula
tion, that deserves the aid so generously afforded
ber by Ihe last Legislature. : She is united In her
public works, and by the force of union she Will
surmount every obstacle, and not only repair the
Wilmington Road, but owfnew with the South Ca
rolina Rflad, ut Manchester '' Far she has already
neveuty-fuur miles of that Road hndi "Contract,
and every cent to he taken in the stock of the
Company. - "',' -
But, sir, 1 propose to show some of the advanta
ges of the proponed Road to our Western friends;
and withoat makiflg utiy aTKr.il to tlie Ststo priJe
r patriotism, prove tlrnt on the score of dollars
and cents, it is vastly to their interest, and our in
terest to unite in accomplishing this work of Ihe
Centrul Rosa!.' Withiii 25 miles of a direct line
from this to Charlotte, there are 18 Counties, con
taiirinp a pnpnlation of 246,099, and reil os ate to
the value of ' 20,000,690. The wheat and cotton
raised hi 1810, w'as ih folloiv t ; - - -: "'
' . . . . . i , , i ,. , .
' ' '" Wheal. ' :
1 4,5G8 720
; 1 U08.100
, 307,0 10
Cabarrus ; '
Davie , ,. .
f SuillWrJ '
Iredefl , , "
Lincoln f r.
Mecklenburg , ,
fx.. Ol 'f r
' 86,309' - ?
94.342 .' !,i-
114,357 , . k
' 87,728 :
" :" 600.000
' - 'cirn 11
jy 15 ovtr
1 . 48804 lvvr i
,48 804 ... ,
'J3.S79'" ' '
-il .:. '. . , .a !.! -I
ii. 1,33118 Bmhslt.v
Nctb The j'ftodurt-of Rowan ia hot put In
statistic. ' i ' 1
Knppnso three-fouitlifi of th wheat, an in Gran,
ville, is fm market ; one-fourth for seed, and home
consumption, Though a nimher of the
named Counties are more tuan double Hip dUtanro '
of Granville !mm market, we put the savin" to the 1
farmer al thesamc, viz : 25 cts. pnrbinhel. They!
raised in 18111, 1,'J31,918 Bushels ; tlm'e-fourths !
of that is- 013,031 ; at 25 cts. amounting to 8230,-
982,75; the saving to the farmers of sixteen Cnun- !
in tlle "wiportatioii of Wheat alone. " j
And, sir, does any one doubt, but that after Rnil !
Ro&d facil,!MI for carrying to market areliffijrded i
t'ie crop will continue to increase in those Conn-j
tie' ,,nIi' hmounts to four or live times the
1,mn.t.iy "w raisedof conrs! the amount of '
grain raised will im-rease in the sanio ratio. ; " !
ed to give tue Charleston, Petersburg or Wilming- I
tnn prices,. the rate of tmnsw'rtttiim'beih do
ted am! in like proportion will, our factories bs
benefitted,-when tlie supply in this Slate is not c
qual to the domand (which frequently is the case)
and they have to depend on distant malkets.. .
The climate and soil of our Western Counties
is us well adapted to the cultivation of Tobacco as
any portion of the United States. Want of mar-
I "'", ""-"i uuui lunuug nit-ir nueu-
i tlon ta lts growth, to that extent they otherwise
L'nt ...1 .1 f. !.. ... ...
would jjivo them the means ol reachniL'
ket, and they will r.iise the produce.
But, sir, I said nothing about the savings to those
Counties on tlie articles of Salt, Iron, Sugar, Cof- 1
fee and Molasses, Every ciie will admit that the
estimate I hive made for the County of Wake is
low. I have said the annual savings npon those
items for this County is $20,438. : Wake coiitaiiis i
little more than the eleventh part of the popxila-1
tion of the 16 Counties ; multiply then $20,188 by
11 it gives 223,308 dollars, saved to the Coun
ties named, on Salt, Iron, Sugar, Coffee aud Mo
lasses. This amount appears, large, but I give the
data ; let every man make- his own calculations.
The advantages to them and to ns due's nut stop
here. No settled part of the United States'uffirds
better grazing for stock, than soino of our West
ern Counties. They could, and would supply not
only our market, but every market Town from the
Mountains to Wilmington, with -choice beef of a
superior quality. Instead of laying in your win
ter supply of butler from ifew York, as many of
our citizens havs done for years, and still do at 25
ceuis per pound, you would get your supply from
our Western brethren of a bolter quality, and at
-Look -at the simple article of Irish. Potatoes!
We are bringing iicm from tha Northern Cities,
and giving at this time two dollars per , bushel
they most usually sell ut this season from one
and a hall to two dollars. In the. Western Colin
ties, whero tho soil and climate are so peculiarly
adapted lo their cultivation, that they can uise
five hundred btishchs lo the acre, that they cW be
purchased in any quantity at ten cents a bushel
What an immense profit it would be lo ihein, niul
what a great saving lo in and our eastern friends,
if we only had tho means of cheap and speedy
transportation. ; t ' ,
Iu Wilmington alone, it is supposed thqt net
less than 300,000 dollars is annually p.,eiided at
the North, in the purchase of the products uf .the
soil, similar to tiiose ruised in the Western part of
tli is Stale in the greatest abumla'cc, and rendered
profitless fur the want of a market. , .
. Lt us sum up theso savings in the Comities be
fore n;i mod, and present them at one view; f.
Whi-at, j,. i, ':,). -i .... $230,982-'
SSalt, Iron, Sugar, Cuffeo and
Molasses, ' , ' ' 225,368
' Annual Kiviiitf of .'' $ VMfifi to 16 count
ties. . , .. .... (... -. . . ,.
This is nearly one-fourlh of the cntite sum you
propose to bu borrowed to conslract the road. .
t leave others w wane itn rt icnlal ions on the y.Axif of tlf orr ,hc jine nij mi
pms oh Merchandise, the. article bnmght ack j im-cnient,, a' I hVe already proVfti t There
in return for the exports, the increased quantity j C(U1 mrJy i. a dollot) but in a few vears the in
thatonld.be raised in each County, from tlie hex j crt.ascj rnue -fr-mi'tliis sonrc? alone will near
that fhey could he ensily-carried to market, the in-1 1 p,y ,!ie HnBUil itete on uie ut.bt t0 be corf.
iircafted value tti 'fimnnsjeal improveftiei would j trictf ' t it Utf M:t ,"j i i- V '
givi1 to lands, aikllie stimulus to Industry (if eve.
' ry kind.-' ''' i-:it t:.Vn,
j ' It may be sail, that tlie heavier articlca would
I Hot bear rail road transportation.' Ms a"mitake.
i 1,r ra" aro aUtoolilgk 'Tliemfornia-
lion I havo collected 6n the aultji'ct of rail roads,
since 1 have boi?n connected with tho Gaston road1.
satisfies me that If this Road belonged to Coin
phy;'aodwda put fn lhoTotigli'np.iff, they 'wouTd
find it vastly to litter Interest to reduce the rates of
char'geft.bothorfrerght auj passengers,' at lcasl
floiM.iird if not 'mor. The Increased patronaife
il would bring to the rond, would more than m ale
up the diffcrimeo. Fn iclit from this to Petersburg
on hnndred and fiRy mtleajs sixty Cents por huu-
Hreg". larlouM fcT h.irlrrly ronttne fcundreu
khoold carrr produce fro BaMslrofy Ia Pelttsbufg,
Wilmington ot Norfolk. 1 A citil ti -ofOrtnp'
County, within a f w months past, pnfclnsed a
drove of hogs in O.'n o, drove lliem lo Cumlieilaud.
the terminus of the Baltimore and Olno rail road,
laid thi.m put on the Curs, rarrii il tliein to Balti
more, a distaneo ol lD mil -s at twenty-live cent.-:
a head, the trip performed in 24 hours. Thus (he
expeuse of carrvin? them 180 miles is actually
less thin it would take to feed them in driving the
same uistanee, making no allowance for the loss in
weight, and the eight days saved in distance to the
. I might go on to show, st much greater length,
the groat benefits which 'would result to every
branch (if industry by the construction of this Cen-
tral Road.. As the agricultural interest llomishes
all kinds of labor and enterprise are promoted.
perfect rail road improvements, and that thesj ben
efits must be greatly enhanced by the c itittnimitm.
ol'the road. There lire, however, a .'few consldef;
atioiis df n general nature, aff. c ling the intf'e--t
of tlie (Stale, as a t'ommiinity, to which 1 brielly al
lude. - If this Central Itoiid is hot now eotlstructcr)
tinder the lilieral charter lately granted by the) I.e
gitdature, I fear the only chance -of building it will
have forever passr-d beyond our reach. Nothing sed the charter of the Exchange Bank of Wil
hut the great anxiety felt for "the construction of iningtoti j because 1 thought in the then 'condition.'
this road, and the feeling of the State pride enlisted of the'etirrency of the country, the measure w.is
in its favor, prevented the granting ol the C harter an unwise on". or this I was then charged v. tili
of the Charlotte arid Danville Road. "If this Crn- being inimical to Wilmington; and notwUhstaif
tral Road is hot now built under the favorable aus- : ding ftty strenuous exertions afterwards, in (aver
pics in winch it is presented to us, it is not f.
sonable to Uppose that the next Legislature will
refuse-ft-charter for the 'Charlotte and Danville
Road.' ' If individual enterprise will not contribute
one-third towards this great measure, how can the
Legislature Consistently persist iii refusii to al
low individuars to build the Danville Road entire,
with their own means. ".'The reasons for withhold-'
Ing'tiio charter, viz ; its conflicting -with a contem
plated State work- will cease to extsf, when after
trial, ft is shown that after the State has agreed to
roiitribntc' two-thirds," indiviiljiala" fell not enough
interest in it lo contribute tho other third. And
when the Charlotte and Danville Road shall have
been built across the entire State cutting it in tivo
and severing, ns it were, the East and West, we
may bid farewell to the idea of ever building np a
market within our liorders. The rich products trf
our Western Counties will 'go to Virginia en the
one hand, and South Carolina on the other. We
shall be drained of our trade and onr commerce, to
build up two States that arc always deriding u!
The tendency oT tills will be that the' feelings and
affcetfons of onr' people will he alienated from the
StatirahJ'finin eacli'other. " Tlihy will look to oth-
er commutiities, hS Hie sources of wealth, co;nforf
and -prosperity ;'ai)d what little.1 State pride we
have now left and' we hive' very Tiltlonnfortu
nately will bo frittered aw.ij'l ' ' "": ' , ": " '
This'is hot all; with Virginia an:) South Caro
lina markets we shall have Virginia aiid R.iiilh
Carolina ctrrrehcy; this is unavoidable no sort of
Lfaislrtion can cure the evil. The effects of rlii
! are already felt to a very considerable extent.
Where the trade and produce of a community
M.. ...J. nn T .. ...., nr.. t,.A .. I .. f : la .
mu "my w iii i iii-ni o ram; mo tuciiiiiiiny me-
ii in rr, tint mere win aiw go rue local eiirrency ill
the way of jiuri.lia.se, and in the' natural infer-
change of inule. ' Our own Cankt must and will
feel (he ( fleets of hi: Their discounts must be
limited, theirifsues will go from its, and their phice
be supplied by a foreign currency. I need not slop
to prove the injurious conseijitences of such a
state of things sstlii.;! .''"."" - "
: I know thtt-feiir of iaxttinn it 'a "peculiar chaf
acterijlic of our people. J!n;h will be said about
j the Interest on the two million we propoup to sub
scribe by the Ptafeasd the lniTMhd taxation lie-
cessary to mept it. Buf suppove n b 1 haVc'ftlreiuly
j nftVmpttHl to show, -the bnH)fit of the road rnalle
; t"' people to save or gait awn or right time as
j much as they 'have- tn rrnilribtrtr. 'Will tVyifot
, make a most excellent bargain, from increased
"' But then how greatly tiihanetil will bethemearSs
of the people' Wpaftlw Wxi'; Wheru there Is
wettlth,nd Com fort arid prosperity, a tieary tasf l
BuMehaonre, than ; Itgfif tar with rwerff,
Vaht; end' idleness. Wfcr is -mosf cdrnl'oftal.!?,
ihe laborer, who gets fifty cchts a day with an ari-
nuiii tax of 'two -ux.Uara.or he'wKb gets 25 'cents a
dftywun an anniuitsxot onooonarornitv reirt7
j The forinrisurely-','Ana'although tI.r"con!itnic -
tiort Br this' road may Increase dr taScr?s,'fyrf 1 ft
twill enhanfe our means Kraj IrV
I the meotihg lie longw, lwt eowluoi!
by tmyiyg, thtt Ahet'mr w consider this w. W v
J dnstry tin f th ('hterfris of tvery
in mniiiii w n ""eresi, ure in -
meehirfe -Aif Mit. tnnrehnt, ar pr.f,sii nl
u .1 eh ,Miur. tiMiu;
of the ?Uw ft atipxil lo w.,by all the f'eeliiigi f
patriotism, TifSiulfi pride, and f mtpn-jl, to conwj
up to the mark like men. j
M'BSI'AN'CK OF TIIT'V '
IU warks of Mr. l!.U.LR,of Hcrlf'ord,
ON JUL " BILL UOACtlintNO Till; lll.MIXGlo An!)
JtAIXtntl RAIL LOAD I'OMPA.NV," IN THi; HOVSt: Ol'' .
CO.MMO.NS, JASI'.IHY aOfll, 23l) AXD U4TU', 181'J
Mh. r. t sr-H said he folt compelled by a strn
bin unpleasant serw of public duly, to oj'potift lint
passage of this bill in its pivsrMit shape. ViAmti
it was materially auien.li'il, ho could hot possibly-.
vot for it. Mr. R. niil hc was aware of w bkx
tlB hud M; encounter, in oiiosing the' measurr.-
Ho had already heard of tho muttefings 'of- di-
lot r (s of" tho cetitnil-f Irpit'. ' Ami I now take
' ocensioii to nie.'t such charge in antieipa'ioit, and
j to pronounce it - '; let it i-omo -from wbatevei1
ip'.i.rier it ;iny. 'V: ' ' ' " ' ' '
j l. h-is been my mii'irtttno hemtuforo, !
I the censures of fome of my Wiliuirigton
'Tor lining what rf'll to he. my duty. It
, recollectefl bv some, Ihat two yours sine?.
:o .iu:nr. .
will .! '
of ihe bill to authorize tha Corporation of that I wii
to impose a tax to enable them to take stwk ill
Manchester Road yet I f arl have never remove
ed tho unfavorable impressions produced by my op
position to the firs'-namcd tlieasnm. Anil now in
opposing: this hill, I suppose at least J f;r I
shall seal my fate forever, in the estimatron of the
good people of Wilmington.: 1 deeply f .-wn-t if,
sir, hut I can't help it! I am hot disposed to corn- '.
plain of it evert, its long ns my motiv:;s tire UM:'
sailcd. ' When we consider that their feelings are
so deeply itivol'vrd in the success of this -ineafture; .
that thoir enterprise and pnhlic spirit, llieir local
pride, and section il interests all tend lo p'oent to
their View. but one tide of this picture, it is not at
all remarkable that they should look with impa
tienee, h;-on any nttempt to thwart their purposes.
Sir, I am no enemy to Wilmington or her inteN
ests. So far from it, I have look?d'with pride up
on her growth find prosperity. I have1 admired"
the energy of her sbrW 5n grappling with adverse
tirttin?, aiid their'ihilorriftiib'e efforts to sirstsiit
tlKir chamct.'r and their credit. I liave ermally
ndinired and osteemed the liigh-toned beariiig nnd
j giMillematdy deporlraent of most of her prominent
eitiiriSt with whom I have beeif bronghtlri cotil
tact. 'And no matter in what light they may view
my conduct, 1 shall ever lie roady, in my public ra
pacity here, to aid and eneoiirsge their enterprlze',
aiid to favor their fortunes, as far lie I can do to
consistently with that still higher duty, which I
owe to (he whole State r North Caiv!ina. : ' '
A to my vote against the Exchange Bank two
years ago, I have liefore said, my efforts in hei
j half of another fuvriie incj-ure soon after) sliou! j
,t .l ! .... .1' I . . .
j nave reuevea nie irom mo marge ot being arln-
hy feelings of opposition "(o Wilmington ni
ls. A few flajrs since, I voted against ihe'
icreMS. a. lew cays since, i voted against I
Charter of the 'Fayeitevlllb 'j!ank,'ever with tin-
provision making the stockholders responsible for
the liabilities of the corporation and jet I huve'
voted for (he Fayetteville'arid Western, plank ro'ai'f'
improvement ; wliich' by 'the 'Way wilt prbve'a
beneficial to Wlhhington, or mdrd! so.'as to Fayi
cttevilliv For Wilmington niust be Ihe uVpof, frduj
which the commerce of the YaAhi valley "will
then seek a distant Market. 'this look like
hostility either to Faycttovilleor W'ifiniiigton'.? '
.: t. t .1 n. 2'"' :
.igain, i vuu-ii iur uie i-ajie rear ana Uecji Kivef
improvement bilt;the eiirci'st of which nmsit inc
j yitably rtinre'to the eoihuierlal prosperity of Wil-'
; ic.ington"; a'ud here M iue remaik, that thai mcas-"
; Ure recommended i'.stlf to tne as much bv th
consecration; mat n would lend to, carry tli
rich prwlucts of our'ihlerlor 'counliea to a imiikef
within our ' own borders, as 'that ''It WoiiliJ iietieiil
the producers, by tha ; opening to fheit indtinfry
direct cjmmunici'''':.i')'v,lfh the oreaiC'lNd tliis
liiok'M'ilid IkiatjlitJ ''td'ViTuiiiioii f' But" air 'f
.went still farther. 1 Voted, for tlie' Central R,j
frorri tlolusooro1 t(i CliallottV, on' the third reading
of the'lilll, when t kirfw tlie bill was alreiidy pa'ss'l
ed'iiv a" hiajorily of Ciur' or five Voles when f
j might TiaVe riioi3ed tlie TbspWlinitybeca use t
j Was n'mvilliog'tii evdn triJi (6 sliiiif 'sncli resioll-'
Ability ''jieing read)' !' WaV'to'Wilke" coiniMoii
' bhn. n f (i-vd be. kburn tho ', .,.., r., ,.'.
! tLie.Vv'io wire'dispoW-d' to'do' sonu'tSin for the
tinpi'i.veiiii'iT and Vlt-y.-j tioii of llie'r.tt' V' 'hvi
i5 !1.,'Eliiiiut-."a Vel1- now, nr"any' ('U VCiy
! that t'lpVuiSti-er (iut bill ':.' I -n. ,1 t,v ;i v1.
g ,r n,B ,M a , rt , t'' Wl.r a ,k
, t;r M,l l.i.J, pr.w.Jm. t ir a roil' 1r...ii tl is il :,-h
r;l , f.mer.'i.C, 1', ,tv.i rtni.n j ' ht r . ,1
! d f, m (f tjrv Ci-uum -liwt m th n, P 1 .-.1
r T M ir t,' nf ,w v? 1 n lr
il f.''r . '"ta 1 II nm ba !"-'((
lui' ' Was lcauiw It uWi uo ir (u. -f, t
re.n cJU!anit.an wjOt iliuiiigtop i,et would