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L RALEIGH, II. C; TDNESDAIT APKtt 25
, VOL. 31X12 v IJO '18
ynaytt' b tr o r.
rr.. mir ir.i. MWW
i HK-rfi m. trtilT- ' " '
J i!h.S-T.H S t' ' ''KH'r t a-thf
- Sp-'i-" fc? i-w,
TioU I. I Kt,'w " "r nn-t""'.
r .JtE POUT
,.,.'?''?!'. "' ,
fii Committee of 31. who were in
structed " consider and, report on
the measure proper to be adopted by
. ti,i Convention," beg leave respectful
ly to Keport, , - ,'
That ttiev have bestowed upon the
,u1iji'ct referred in them, the aitten
,i,i which it importance de-natlde.
Timt doe not permit, or docs?. the
pccn'on perhaps require, an elaborate
riimiiutHf .of the subject ii, nil it
brin"". and thi is the Irs neceL
rf. ast'ie obi d icumrnt recently
pu'uli'hi'il by the Convention, have
exhibited in the clearest lizht,
mil demonstrated in the most condu
cive mmner, every pint which it
could be. important for us to-establish. -Indeed
the whole question subi-c-nl
in the single proposition , tlvat it- in
the interest and duty of the Slave htil -ling
Siate;'unhis tiw, 10 -impnivr
their iiitural advantage, by securing
In themselves that portion of the com-m-rce
of the country which rightfully
baling- tothemj a proposition which if
it ho nut self evident, cannot derive
much support from argument or illus
tration. We rest our whole case , up
on the fjet, which in beyond all dis
pute, that the Southern and South
Western State furnish 3 4tha of the
entire domestic exporti of the whole
Union, while they import but little
more than one tenth of the productions
received from abroad in exchanges fur
these etporta. It has been shown in
the documents , published by the con
ventin, that wllen the imports of the
United States amounted to g 190,000,
000, those of all the Atlantic States
tnuih ef the Potomac and th States
on the Gulf of Mexico, amounted to
only ?20,000,000;and while the doincsr
tc exprta of the Union mounted to
H7 ,000,000. the States of the South
and South West exported Sr8,000,
001. South Carolina and Georgia while
. furni'ohiug exports to the extent of
824,000,000, actually imported less
tkan tliree millions and a half.. The
amounts have varied in different years,
but this, may iMjaken as an exemplifi
catinn ef the condition of Southern
trade. . ' r .
The mere statement of these faets,
must surely convince any unprejui
iliced mind, that this unnatural state
nfjfTuirs Could only have been, brought
a.)ut, by the "most powerful anif extra
ordinary causes, and thatfrom the ve
ry nature of things, the effect must
hive' been highly injurious to the
Ssuthern States. 'Without attempting
to trace alt the causes which have had
in agency in producing this result, we
will merely advert to one of the most
o'lvious, ami which is perhaps suffi
cient of itself to account for it a we al
lude tn the uncqnal action of the Fed-
ymganil 'disT)ui;sTh fhe
public revenues. If instead of throw
injnt-arly the whole of the public bur
dens, in the sh ipe of Juties upon those
foreign good which are received al
mit exclusively in exchange for the
greit staples of the South, the revenue
hid b.-en levied in a direct tax ("how
ever Iargelyxce4.ting the wanU of
the Guveriiineet.j the burden would
have Mien, at least equally upon the
diftVreijt portions of the Union. But
by the system . which was adopted,
hilehe labor And capital of ' the
Sunlit was borne down ,by a weight of
tantion, wlvicli in many instances a
uiited to one half of the whole
aosT of the articles received in
eichanje for their pnuluctiwiis, thVla
Jorand capital of other portions of the
Vmor, were substantially xtmpt
N mint taxation, and eve atimulated by
enrmou bontiMes. ,Norll the- evil
t'lpVere. Under the pretext of en-
conragritjj ."domestic industry du
ties on foreign goods were -impsad to
amount sfrMly txcelttf!r tht WmU
Bt tht-Goutrnmenf. ' The ' amoutits
tliBVought inui the Treasury "were
ciiuraUM in the Northern Cities,
"'V especially n; lSw' ik, from
npneg Jniwn only tote
"is'ributeamonjr the miliary ami na
l establishment a Ae North th
urplui botst finally divided, ainong
Jensiunr and internal improvements
J" tliesaine quaiierand tn the Wesr."
Hundred of "Tnillions of dollar Were
u ilrawn fmjtTevSoi, arid ft.
'Peoneiliorth of the Pofbmictgirfll out
Wealth ?aaonvejred from us be- a
teadv Stream? Vnirnltr ffnu-;y"
11 .L. .fV,. "i-6
Yi, ,""W"V w.a current "as.ru Hires ia
rr unt and irrutatl... iK-nntr.fi'.-,-.
Itsclf.r which knaws no rrfluJ." sed expose, ami be' therefore Ui nU
Wyfi this system, other influence vantagfnijulL-prtif a iUh he tlf
wereroMibined, all havioz the aame'rect trade. 'Trade, like water, always
J object in vieyf, and lending to produce seeks it level, and ut! wt,m 0p.
fthe same'grneral- reult ; Ou tliee,'p,se' by natural or artificial tiarri,-r.
thne doc not permit us to"d well It
-rihe cuntfalization of the exchanges j
an1 the concentration of the whole pat
n'nage fower and influence of the
OovernuMlif' in f-vor of tle North,
and ettpeciallt ofthicity f New York
-raoiw T themselve abundantly suf
ncirnt to secure mem tbo&e Advantages
mrtinaf tilth" We ( 1
long stsliggled in
vain, l be .calamine
amities under which
the South laWrjfd. under the Wiiun
of lhi :ysfeiw, belong to that class
which one jif. the ablest writer's on . po
litical ecHflomy has di-cfsred to be
worse t!ian "barrenness of jTienil ami
-the inclemency of five Heavens;" for
if smr nettla were lertde and the. heav
ens propitious the harvest wa for those.
rape(l where they hail, not
sown." LiiitlT these, circumstances,
so far from its being a matter of sur
prise, it was i the result almost nfan in
vincib'e necessity, that the comnierco
of the South anil Sooth -West nhoutd
be thrown into the hands of the Noi th
em MrrdiantS, that jhe 'xchanges
should be centralized at New York;
and that we should be rendered iribu
tary to our northerrt bnttheirn. To
show that. .we have not' mistaken the
character or natural effect of thecauses
wliich we have mentioned. .wo. will al
vert to n among many fiicts, illus
trative of the truth of onr psition.-
licforc the introduction of the protect-
trade Was actually cart'cil on, between
the cities, of the South and the pints of
Kurop, by' Southern ' Merchant, and
in Southern ships. For several years
prior to 1807, lor instance our imports
into f he city of Charleston amounted
to several millions of dollars annually.
From this period, under the operation
of the "restiitive system," they gradu
ally dwindled down to less than half a
million. From the period, however,
when 1be American system rece'tv
ed a fatal blow, and the Goveirr-
ment commenced retracing its steps,
uacK to ine nee trane sysie.in, our nn
pnrt becraii to increase, and have been
steadily incrcasfirg" fcVef since, tht
showing conclusively, the true sources
of Southern depression on ihe one hand,
and ot aouthera.nrosperitr on- the
other. Freedom is the very element of
the South, in which "she lives, and
moves, and ha "her being."' Fredon4. mJul . 'iu thUirect traile.
in "all the pursuits of industry" i es
sential tgour well being. We look
back with 'surprise to the fact, that a
people possessed of such vast advan
tage, should have so long ami so pati
ently submitted to a state almost of
"Colonial Vassalage," and we hesitate
not to say that the page in our history,
which records the rise and progress of
the-"American ystem,r (so callecl,
will be regarded hereafter as disreputa
ble to the intelligence of the age, and
to the public spirit and virtue ot
the American people. But, happily
for our prosperity, and we will add.
for the peace and harmony of the Union;
tin system has been broken down we
trust and believe orecrr; and we are
coming back, by slow but sure steps,
to the great principles of free trade and
To avail ourselves, however, of all
the advantages ot thiscrreat and saluta
ry change 4n our system, it is indispcn-J
sably necessary, that we snouiu tree
ourselves from the trammel of long
established hab'rt,-opmtoflij nd freju
dices."- It 1 oneroMhi! 'rnateVteyil
of mis-trovemmenf, thattheTffVct con'
tinoe long afief the evil itself ha been
corrected, and in all commercial oper
ations, 'the influence of, established
ussgei is extremely difficult tn over:
come. To divert capital from its ac
customed channels," to introdute new
association and , hhbits of business a
mong comirrercial men, ione of the
must diflicull tak which any people
can impose upon themselvcj and if it
were not for the hh spirit and intelli
gence ol our people, we might distrust
our success. When we-survey the
actual condition of the Southern and
SouthiwestVen States however, who
ran fail to perceive t! at we -possess
immense advantages in this contest,
which properly improved, must, in jtlie
end, crown nurefl'orts with triumphant
sucres Itttrue'we have. but few
ship, hot we have hip Amber in a
bundanae, of the choicest description,
and surely no Southern man can biin
setiUie of the importance of seeur'mg
a'meTcantilij.-niarine. winch 'in the fu
ture change and chan-es to. whjch -our
country mQ aooner or later be, expos
ed, may be eaaeptial not only to our
prosperity, but to-our "very existrnce
as A (ice people. We .Want alsn it i
said yolnineri u! Capital and credit,
cannot it is 6upposil furhih sjudi an
eit'ensive market fA":ii-eign goodas
will enatHe.ua to enter fwo snrcesslul
competition with the cltie of the North
Now we base all our, calcination and
rest 111 osihopa, upon tfie fact that
t il the natural course o&radw to ex
rchangeraiTecuy-lhe productions t( one
f - i C A I " - if .1 . ' I .1 ,
country lor joose ji junmierj aon ihjh
atfjnlirtcft andxircufou rhflde of in
tcjrc ours ek-must be attended by increa-
will run its course- in the sljortkt and
therefore, that but for oposin obMa
cle, which have been ioteipsed and
which have forced the coinmerceof the
South out of it natural t hannel, our
Cotton, Ricew anil Tobacco, would
buve fourfd their market in Euroi c.
by the shortest and mot direct 'muty
from Sou i hern pea Torts and in Sou ill
evn ships i and it is equally obvious
that "the foreign goods received in ex
change for these proilactions " woflld
have iieetv rctuCtied to us through lltr
same channel. Now can any plausi
ble reason be aligned; why under
vstem of fue trade, the exports ot
South Carolina and Georgia amtiunTr
in;; a ha been xliown to ft24.0(;0.(;00
annually should not be sent diiet tly to
Eunpe frim Clmrleslon andSavaniiuh;
afid why the fotj-ign good for 'which
they arc exchanged, should not be im
ported ilire'cily in retuiu? ()r hnr
tmurs are safe ami commodious, tin
vornge i shorter and safer, and the
lYeigtit less. Hut what is of infinheU
more importance,' we actually product
tlic very articles wliich an- to be ex
ivrtc;d, and r quire lor . our own Con
numption the verv good to be receivi-d
in exchange for those exprts. Now
van any thing, be coHcrived mr n-
naioral mine out ot the -usual ami
proper clu're of business Mian -that
our Cotton which is to be exchaii'.Ml
for the Manufacture of K-ctand.
should he firMhrppwtTto Nrvr York -
there sold to the New 1 oik Merchant
by. Win transliipped iiniHeot lo Erig
1and there again sold and converted
into IVritish good ohitli good aieto
be first import ed into .New York, and
from thence, fonvpidod 'to Charleston
there to be sold to the' Carolina Mer
chant! and paid for in bills at 6 per
centv Count the number of agencies
employed in thi transaction; turn Ui
the- freight, insurance, Commissions.
profit, and other charges; . consider
the loss of time and the risk incident
to such a course i and Can any reason
able" man entertain a doubt, that it
such a trade ran be carried on at all, a
direct import and export trade - i
there be ho obstacle interposed J must
be infinitely more Wofitable? Under
similar circumsiances, the' capital re
quired to carry on the Indirect trade
must be much greater, f hair that which
Indeed under a "system of mutual ex
changes of our productions for those oi
Europe, the capital required, under
well ordered system of commercial ar
rangement, would be comparatively
small. ' Credit might, to a great extent
supply the place of capital, and such a
trade might be conducted On princi
ples, which would ensure to. the plan
ter the largest profits on his crops, and
his supplies at the lowest rates; while
the merchant, the ship owner, and
every other class in the community.'
would participate largely in the advan
tages of such a trade, ;. ' .
But let this direct intercourse he
once established; and capital would
soon flow lit from all quarters, fo sup
ply anv deficiency that might be found
4o exist. The great law of demand
and supply,, would not leave u Jong,
without " money capital, fully ade
quate to all the operation of trade.
So with, regard to ibSmarkel for the
foreign: -goods, whiih under "this sys-'
tem ould be received at our Southern
fcej-Popfo,..-- Xfotaiuing .theraT-.a- t
UIwhiIiI be ahle4do. t les cugt tliaiilvnlateTr-to-furiiisli alt the, fnciuiP8t
they could" "possibly be procured
through New. York, we yVould unqtiea
tionably be able -to dispose' of them tiji
advantageous term at least to the ex
tent; of our - own .demand tor those
goods; and this atone would increase
our direct- importation to five --or ix
times their present amount' If only
the consumption of the South was sup
plied ".through her own ports, thi d
itself would create; a revolutioivin our
trade, which would change the entire
face rd the country, and pour a flood
of wealth and prosperity through every
part of our land. - But it i -one of the
most important and interesting feature
of our system, thailt i inseparably
connected, with the extension of o-ir
intercourse : with- the interior of o'ir
country, by means of Kail Roats, Cu-
lials, and turnpike. A connection
bftweeif the Soufh and the . West by
the Varfoua.stheiO.es now in oronrtss in
Yilginia Not;1!1 "'"I. South Carolina,'
Georgm and Alabama, WHl lornish an
outlet for ll the g'Mida that can be re
ceived from abroad irrexchaoce for mir
fptoductiori. And "Tvhen : the great
West shall. find a market and receive
her supplies through, the sea ports of
the South, a dematul will be lurnisheil,
the extent and value of which crnnot
be' tqn. largely eitimatcd. Let ,thtse
barious schemes, therefore, for,h rx
tension of our. Interior cori oexidtntf be
Jpmtecnted' w"id ' '' ?.eal ntl energy
Worthy of the object.' Let no nn worthy
jeslousie no narrow or merely see
tional views, dislurb thtt harmony of
lecimgan'i concert pf action; whicti are
. essentia1. tQ.succesJv. ?-fwL'
'.There art some circumstance con-
ntcted with the preatnt condiUoo of
tae country, which may erve to ani-
mate vur xevt, encourage our ffin tv
urge u to that prompt action on which
our ucces may depend." ' ;
Oux reat staple ha now become
"the c-moOH cui reney-tf the world.
reyuaung ami contromiip a coiisiu
eraUle extent, the ciiiiiicrcilt per4r
turns boih of Europe anil America'.' 1
During the siineiiin of unccie pay-
m.ots it a (Funis almost the only u.eios
if Obtaining thoe credit ahroad, on
which Nonhero Commerce has hereto-j the truth and ju-tice-of oor cau'- t
'ore mainly nlleil fur its sujiport. jenieruin a doubt ofjiur uccrs, i ev
This great staple i our own. ; ery inemUer of this assembly would
- ri - . . i
I oe revolutions which have recently ;
taken place in the Commercial wor d t
the failure ami destruction of credit
in ixew i oi k. ami the stoppig' ot Hie I
Amerfcan Hmises-in Ui eat Drilan. has !
brought ab ut a nitti pe nlini I v favor
tre noue viewa. "'Here" ioiir Cot'on f
lying at our ery door the pr. due- j
of 'our own fn-lils, an. I fiii;iii!iiiig : !
hi' time, ihe only nu-ilium of -'. ;
chatige forlhe Manufactures ofKuropr. I
YY by s.ioiit.l nor own .Vlerc'i.tiit not
oe it for this iiuiiof? The d -or
now oetl to u. ami v e haiebnt tn
liter and take possr-sii-n of tnat 1 1 . c I
belong to u. II we improve the op
portunity, the . iclory will be ours.
The fide in our rfl'.ir-." i at the Hood.
Let us l.iumh opoli it lnav. lv, ami ii
wilt assodredly ''lend u on to for
tune." But sfinuld this yloriou op-
V por t i t y be osttBno r gallant trtih.
inntead of riding the "wave in triumph,
may bv drlt'eii aitiooj; hc breskers or !
ilAsiieti upt.ii ihe rocks, or at West be
again involved in those eddies and
hal4own-'-ftimt -w htch- w-etrntyttevrr
mure be able to escape. hen I lis
'Pilot who weather the storm," may
be Compelled to "ive up the liip.
woen deserted by tlie crew and left in
condition so utterly hoperes.
'i-i . i-- . ' . .
i nc. meas'ire which are ueemen
by the Committee proper to b adop
ted, in order to tarry these view in
to effect, are! embodied in distinct
proposition which are herewith ub-
mitted to the Convention. They em-
brace a tron-i and emphatic dec'iAia-
mn ol the tei lmg and opm.oti id in a - day. All es'rntial chr.ne in
the Convention, on the importance of J ihe roiidiiion of a country, must hi
a direct import and export trade, and woiki-d out by !ow decrre. X-
fne tluty ot adopting all proper meaits
for the purpose of establishing- and
liroraotitig it; TJjey recommend, In
the next place, strong, earnest, mid
reiterated, appeals, to the umlrrstan
ling and feeling of all the people in
terested, with a-vlw. t. cnlint their
sympathies, excite their patriotiji,!,,
nnit 'tnnhiU tntivactuin an .ntiditetied
public opinioii in furtherance, uf our
view. An adjourned meeting td . the
Convention to be. held in this place,
on the 3d Monday in October next,
an Mtlrti$ to the people of ihe Slave
holding State, and the adopt on ' of
other, suitable measure to secure a
full representation; at that Conten
tion, front all he State,, interested,
are among the measure recommend
ed.. - In looking t the essential 'ob
jects of providing canftal and. credit, '
as well a market lor our- imprt.
and thus laying' sure foundation for
the ultimate success our schcuicsj a
series of important practical measure"
have been recommended w hich if car
ried iofhJ"ull effect, will, it Is Confl-:
ilenfly believed, go very far to . put
otic Men hant on a footing with those
t the North. An earliest call la
matte upon the Banks to which they
can hardly fail to respond, to provide
the' required capital and 'credit by ar
raitgenients peif ctlv safe us ti theni-
wu.ch tne direct traiie.wm reouire
A plan for equalizing our , doinesiic
exchanges and knepi up thi; credit
of our bank during the suspension f
snecie on v men t. ha aUo been - devrs-
ed, which it is most earnestly i.'esired,
... . I.. u .. . I -i .. O . . I.u ,!.. T ,
is.n.d to be concealed, that without the
aid and support of the Ilatik, the dif
ficulties in our way will b greatly -multiplied.
It nil) depttd upon lliein,
in a great measure, redetermine the
fate of our great enterpite. In ordyi ,
to divert capital and credit from oth
er pursU into the cluttmel of Com
merce, an . appeal i- aim HiaJe to
Planters, Capitalists and "others, v to
avail themselve of the provision of
the act of the legislature of the .sev
eral States, p:issed during the lattt
winter, ngrhorifcing Jitnited partner,
ships; and it is iei oHimeiided tlmt the
youth' of our country, should be i!ir c
ted to Commercial purujts, arid pre
pared by a suitable educatUn lo fill
the responaih'e station,.' and. elevate
the high, character of. -the.. Southern
Merchant. These, and nt her siiute"
'ions embraced i,fn the .Residuiioni,
constitute the mejlui;ertcommemleJ
to the Conveniiou forjhete doption. peepared to tniike- the ' rlfirt necessa-tnany II.v'.l,- But what would the pen f
It will b ejpn that ttity eiiibrace a !ary to the arcomplishmeflf -uf the good Die of jlie State say? .What would jj.
s-rks of measftfin of a practical har i .work,.". We shall live d.vwn the si h-liVg'alatare' ny? It.coold icarcely
acter, all believe t be w ell rilt.nlitpd dm of our enemies, and Jut the fichicomftfaitd r voiceor vote with .'ihtf
to.promote the 'Mjecttt for, which they -j fruit of a nohle-und peaceful victory, tone" or the other. : W ho J there that 1
are designed. It i troe. that we ;an (will fiind our best rewanl. 'Hie pectifj would fequirt oaf road tollaVobr aua -do
no moretlrtin to or the adoption Ujar institution ol . the South jyill . TS !tioh and ltdutjea, and onr taxes toba.V
ineae ineasurea onvine pari oi . mr i iiiriiiieii ot ircngrnneu, tuo mreiiroi:ouecnfu-iu .iJviii. Hyi f i,w,
Bank., aod-.-othera interested.- Butlof aStch and varieitcointnerc will ferV.iif It'were paed; could not be en for J
when itrf recollected that thi C,on 1
vntirifi Ucompp?d if- netrwHnat
Uelegale.'. j-epresenttti j Ji ve 1
Staiipd vn Tertitofy; anil whenTimpove the c1iarteV pur "peoplei ;
we coiisUerllie weight , of tharacteeCiiliiatiaa rrfinemeitK the Iia.iJ'."'
iiiliuetice, and ackiiowletlgetl ta!enr
of those who coinpH it, and when,
alxtve all, we rec4tinin!eiid that thty.
r engaged in a matter of deep pub
lit eimcvMj nyj;ljririg ; jh .vJiiiSSA.
ptTSpmy and hnnor-tif these - State.
it can hardly le believed, r that 1 their
(leiioerafe, opinion ami earnest re
cntiuiiendations can l' without rfl' i f.
Our chief depeoilencjj "after all. howe
ver, mast be upo the public optnii.
but we h ive too oiuvh conltiten e w
- . . i 4 i
iciiartl it a los own pvionai roncei n.J
a well as n xati d duty wlurb heilirm n-liant-en;
owe to himself. In im.tetitvnnd In-
conntrv, tn use hi uliii't .I ri to
v.Uance ihe great work. "Jutl-in;
fnm the pat, we have n i ia'ii' to'
tUiTtunue furor-A " !i 'nrwnh n-Sv
t-ie ft rt meetix f tin C.-tivi-n ioi
took p'ace at .ii'ta. It wa-, com
pusit til 80 m ui'ier ri'prcsen'ing'ti
St.ite and one Territory. Now we
have live S'ate nod one Tei -ri'trry j
A si" m !l y
j.riii -eeding of
go'ie abroad, mid w'-erever the-y
. , i
'srti rrr-ivrd, have iirottured power-t
, , ' ,-, .- ;, , i
I 1 .., '1 1.1 , , ..! '
I'll liltliiliili: J'l'il-V 'i-iiii.ii-. .-.i
, i , .." lam lointive l'.iiitnr s orr-siioiui-
.tln.h 'we hate it. e most trranmngl . L . ... V ..
in tt-t l,'"i-lilion ot K.-tnal
Stages on one of their rcronioieod.i
iion, urn! ile itii ren-ed int. res' every
'Where 'Tell imlie subjei f of "thrir'-weV
jThtt Jnronriigr, we should gn-oi
in ttiat co nlnlence.wiiicii a good cause
should neter fad to inspire. 11-it ti
TWf i-et-ei -vc-e
to nuke the necessary cfl'iru. t)f ti
tliio-j; we may b- assured, that thi--great
victoiv rannot he easily achivv
el. It i ife oider .of a wl-e and ben-
eficieut prondem e that wiHlrnig truly , fM, Jftst Southe. n Lite.arv Mrssei.ger,
gn at or good, can be attained without ai4iliiv. Wen foe several of the prior
pain and labor. ..number. I liarejint been an uuob-
1 hi is the price which must tie pru.i
to secure success; ami if we are not
prrparcd lo make the rteC' s-ary rxer
j tion. 'we must vield the piie. Nor
lean our mighty v. ink be acfimidjsheiT I
may be assured, that nothing short of
a high resolve, wliii.li no iippojuon. ti)
move j ft devo'eirrcal, prnot against all
discouracementK. and an un'iiica prr-
severaiice. which lull rise ai:pir,tt
all dill cullies, ran nable u, to. wojk
out our political salvatio-i." Li t on
not deceive oorsiltes thi-r, wilh tin
vain helief. that nor progress in tl.i
Iw.irW will be every when--cheercdb
l !., ... -i -.- r
ntT the. cordial support" nfvur fellow
citizens. Conscious: that we iic actu
ated by itie pure st nioliies ti I tl.a:
'aJl.tbe eiulswe aint af f re our c'Un
try's," ,w.e must. nevefttnleMk be prv
paned Tom 1 1 nianiH-r ol oppioit'uin. I hr
measure wepropoe rnme into crniliei
with too. many deeply rooted pf. judj
cc. and ton many adverse, tntcve4.
to eniible-"ii. H Iioim'i that eveii nur
inotive.i riiall escape detrAclino, andj
ur punwwi.' ousreirf wii'imon. ve
have iho-q around us, whose piopec t.
in if.-, in a .great tneasnrv4'ci'l,nd upon
the'defeat oi our platis. .' .' , -,
A large portion oftlie Union, which
always has rx-iti'd and still xci Ir. nl
m st a iNiitioi.iHg .iilluence upon public;,
opinion, at home-' anil abroad, will u
roused into action, to ib-pvive- m ot
public coi'fiilenj'eii and . to drive us
ttm our course. .; We-sintti tie ruiic.
led, a the supporters of wild anil Al-
uptaw tlieorie,t ,a .ytaiuMaixJ tobttrl.
asts wauling llieirttieniilhin the pursuit
of impracticable Kehemes.' jk ..'thll
of -cnargiMi i 1 1 ii UHg-ncjtHir,'j",'irvv,
and. unkind 4 fedingsi Vtnvnrd hr
Northern Brethren, (feeling which
re strangers, .Hi our nosnm ant tne
stale iluiiii.li potent slander, wilkhe re
vived of iiOsTitrrr to thk'
Now if in "the consciousuesa.of rprlj
lude, we afe not. folly.- prepared to in
roonler all this," and nmrv, if we ait;
nwt ualtcta)ly tleteroiltfed,' h gn on
;n our1. course, 'Mhrougli goodteporf,
and tlirough'evil iepoit,",if w are
not ji rm ly and iff)! ahg--ably tesol y ed ,
to t(aitiple down -.all. oppsitioti-rif
vyoujd b'e.better that wie should sfiip
here, atid, attemnt in advance -tin filr-
iberV.-Tliesi diilicuhie ire alius fair-.i
1y tai!d. not for ymr dffurBemenV, j . m utterly astonished ai tbe man
but that we may te fully ."preptiryd - Jo !ner. in which this measure i attempted
meet tlieiii." It' we are true tn r.nr-'l tr be "forced upn Cohgres and the '-
suites, wesuaij- mjsi-jjsuie(i.iy iii
umph over all hstacls. The lilfi
cborarler, intelllg'-nce, and iu!luence'
which compile this jCoiiyenoii," piip
erljr and zealously r-xertrH can Heye'r
be pot down. . It. I a certaiin' Qui
ring,ofthe uinrrow' sun, tlMt.wc
ahalj. achieve ihe eman ipaiion of thin
South and South Wesf. if we are only 1
tilfze our' soil t while diversified pur-1
a1tiijJ.. jfl.wulate Jhe inJtis'try:-, add
to. dutseaHSWi enlarge ne vtunTt amt j
i . .,. 4 1... i. . ma . m Aiiat annia
maul of vntue.wil4drn wtr tandt
and the great tniih will bx een. and'
felt, and licknnwledged, that f alt thi'
social condition d man ihe most fa-
Ill,iktCljJLlhs JXtafwebt.Mt ahe-car-
dinal v'rr(oe t( the heart and . the no
blest facvlt'n ol the tool, to tl e JirrU
tmtiu-4 private happiness ami .ub t
lic prodpeiity, that id S'ave Holding
L'omiiiujiitie under free puliiicaf In
.titntlnn, a troth hardly vet undr
der.tood amrg)urv1ves but vic"
t'le future history if these- Vutes, is,
we'tiut. i! -Miintl t iMn-trate. 1 Anw
mited.by th e'sentimen's, shd h flu'-ttii
en ei i y h-e views, and with
t . ...
upon Divio Pr vWlenee
let ihe membera
tif thi Cmm-moii
ii w pleil. e themel s to e.di mhtr,.
ml lo ihir rotiiitiy, to go for ward,
firnily resiJved, t- lev. nolKing un
d.toc that- ntaV artat:e,itr-grr,nt a l
patriot'C n'ev,,- Ih'1 " be prepied
in make eveiy .personal s;ieri5ee, and
tiuse all just ami I o or; bl. mean,
fir the accomplishment of ottr er at
work. - tioalter.ibl v.determint'd to per
evcre unto the end.
7At' .ierxiu Metienntr.
rnic I'iiiM'v hi mtc iroin iwr run
,. . --.: If .. . -r . -
lie prmti s id ail i mnt ol ihe compass
-i .. . ... r . ' . i.
, ,,. . n
.. ,. -.-. - .,,
mug gi.iuen opiiiiun nom b.i qnar
tcrs. W'e have lieefi fuvoril with the
sight of a letter Horn our cC(iiiipl,ihi:
.d.fiiiiid P.iul.iinf who put a high
compliment t the merit of. ihe. Me
The following letter fioin Judge Story,
(Cninmuniestrt! lo un Iv the Editor)
t'niniiunt, (Mum) March 21. 1838
Deiir" ir lam gieaily otilied t
Vf'oi fur -i.iie kiiifltrs in - en,l,itiv m
,.nant spectator of t! pro-rre of
yucr en cprise, . hiul n one n-oe'
more than I do, in ii gene-at success.
It reputation f it iteserve to be I
consuntJy oirthejncreasc j and tlie un.
tiring dili j n e and abi iiy w'uhwhih
you perfoi iit Ihe rv inisiule duiie of
... v I . .. .1. ;
ir, hs r.rinr,TiiincTw in iw wnnii
est praise-, In my jitilgmetit, thcrft .
i nipriHliral Wthountrytif ft'
chat neter which ha a f'ner tir liettvt1 '
ft'ta tltfivd Title to" J UbtlespftYumBj,;
i rum t aiMinii jireriuri,,-ii -vriei
knowl-dge, anil if. acute and liberaL'
ccitidsiii. 1 I hati!ead the lat nuinn
ber w ith undi-senildeil saiisfat tion. ," '
D lieve me deaN Sir, w th tboliigh
iit respett and esi n', u uly voiu, s
; - -- JDSKVllSTtlUY i':
. - 1 1 , ". . .'II I.I. - ,-. X.
, .' J.t' tt from Smtnti Thmff"gtt
Mr Tiiliinadge. Cf the ie(ri. h
al ii'i'ss. d a lri; rjoiVr,,II-Ricluirij
of, the siib tieasary bilj lately pa.d
iy -theeoatri . - U xy1
l-iic giyjtt. evil t on i n tn? dop;
tint) of (he Suii -Tteakuiy aya'tehi lo njr .
foi ti.",v"I"hat done all ofhvr ioiuwvw..
There ii iMi way in winch ifit.'d'jep',
tioii to it adoijfin c,ap be' ovetcuu
It is not caimble of b. tos made bv-suy1
JairtiitidnieiUs etiher n-i fol or harti.les.
-I, f..' i..i .j.... -ii .... ..
lojir inc.- i wunirjf . U )ii pt;i oyiriv- --
by tlip present forin of the'bill 'J "'
tvai right lu at.rike out the sptcle laiisevt -.
if we..cnuld, because fhut a giv,
inga blow wliish destioyedVthexlit'l!
cou,t'rguity it hud anil left It, in a liap'i'
in whi h it wa' hopt'd none would aeri-
ously.,7Tluk of passing if, -'Z
It contains power which lead " dir..
Je'clly to an t.nmtttgnftHcprtMim jof'
iipitiioo., Ynu liaM ' not f iiled to ee,
t reference lo the progress of; thi,
meaxuiv. the dans-rou ertent of Ec-'
e'cu'iiv jnflu'encr. You" cn scarcely
,no;igiii mr ci mi wiui h ma j iuiiuw tne,.
exec isv'of the Mtttonar powet8"lrDi
posed to be cot.fk ried by this bill n,
.tltat tjepivrtment f Hie" Oeverntnt nt-
A way .Ihen' with the who'e tjtimt v
away wiilr these vault and safes, tlia a
I lis and Jiolt. .Let the Goverjun- fit
iic-posUe.- It fund in sound insiitu
tion. and let Vthur "be received ihi "'
notes of sucif bak. as the depositf "
bank will agr,ft tocredd tith Coy. '
eminent a cash, Let ihe Government .
then make it draft on these dep.siio-
rie, ami- ui - tne tinnier araw. lucri
uire'iicta the desire.
popii' -f me collection si . ine rev -w
entie in gobl Vnit.ilye"f be o essential "
fir iJlie.Oetovif) Government vijiy 5 ft" "
to( eqiaily so for every ate tiovern.t
iinetit? . Ihe ame argumt.it .would. '
apply iif the one case a" in the. o h t.
What would - be aid to sach a -pto'-
position In th tate of New Yorkf
1 believe it w a entertained at Tm
ef dv 3The aatnt remark la applicibla fc
Uo (very State In .theTJnlon.'nrl I -t
say wtot gooti etiongn lor tne btatct, s
m nrvzi -vi nn aiiw viia' m Adoari ' jmsavhiu .
i. -- ' sV.- '