North Carolina Newspapers

    ! f . : : ''i
f , the nriihlMM-liood of tlit
f,.a wl,.,w..l.cre a few days
H to l.p H't a strung
I .UciedtnfW6f ll.e
t ..... ll.H O" . i- . r.t. VV..t
' i that- the peop " "
toward liber
ill jet come
r' ? ...wniition.
It is very -
E , ,l,eir intereaU ar ueepiy
T nits .acce.. ThrfCW-
I i
holding ""'"
r-..i..., article, their weight
dj.,,rnfwi tioned to tlieir bulk.
.,,'' ', W3.r,in must he! XtstJ
IJIUMI ' a . - , l
nive than br rail, roads.
f Kef be-fotifwtao4' on at
,rv. and sacrifice the immense
V 'i.;,u (he wtfrV difference f
" would trite them? Ve
.. . .
mniZ-A few week
the accidental drowning ol
fn ii UIC UlCkiiig ivi.r,,
nwii ry'-Uion of airother, named
. rmii'iirt of ii Mrs.
ic "ci - .
' ..lunscil in the stream, and
in rescuniT nun ""
1 - , . i : .
r i. j iuiiua. -. air. jte, c
in yotmg man nt fortune and
InlUlimcn'. and iiiwnediately after
t f,iif,'ie made enfjuinea reecting
nrwrrvrr i nt me. otici mining
jhewasaypun widow, lie offered
. . . . . ...t.,rtla sr . a Aran.
i. hanit in mama ji;. " .yvtj'
. rul the p.rtie were jinneu in
(luck the next Sunday three daja
r their first ntfeliii of the waters.
tee, now Mr. Jones, can con-
lii-isflf upon having VMnta
jhaft4-w;tU4ke jnot entire s-uc-
... ami ' "' ,lie mHS-1 lau",ule m0
e'i;f, eriri g'on Inttlltgtnctr.
. i:
'J. F.lil" Ha Jusi nnisnni rvnuing
Htrirturen n 1 ha Ue' Wlons oi ma nuprem
,n il ilw Unilrd States, "published in the
jiuaiiSrot Keview, fuiea ny mrssrs.
irinv y O Sullivan, ol wimtnptfm 4iyT
wrrt it nut f.r the f.ict, that this ia truly the
,t dfuS.iinlinVa let Innse. shoulil nave been
niiW miis mrogaiit prosumplion and die-
uttiii3 uinilenc. Our Iota ar surely cast
j.ii linn's. (t no opinmns. howere ancient
: rMiei'H'.'lc the aulhiirity by whit-h they ar
jinnedno truth In morals or politic, how.
. ' . .i i- i.:l
rr strrtnif hiciu ia reasons oy wiucu u
s he siiortcil- is Irce rrom th llo touch
hat (iemliiih spirit, which is walking aTiroad
t llis mnh, scH-king wbat it can pollute or
,li.w; sfi-inlf, at every atnde, upon eome
niiiwiit of irtuc and order. Who the wri-
LuflliM strictures is we do not know; but
I'tfiiiitf ! rertatn, that bun hia language been
jrreotinciius, and his are ument stamped with
jk eoinumn sense and less poetic pedantry,
iliruls sirainst the Supreme Court and its
worn would hae found mora favor in the
ail intrlliiient men. That man must be
wr igiiDdint or maliciiiusl wicked, who
iM ittempt, cn-n indirectly, to break down
only judicial tribunal which the Conatita
mnfttie lnited Stiitrs has established to ad.
u'uter justice and expound its laws. W ean
Awnuile ourselves that tho writer of this
.iMwtal article ean plead ignorance injua-
LaUM.(ot beseem, at least, to have a pretty
iinalttmnaiutance with men and things, ana
lie wools presume from the'ifsuHsA he makes,
it Ik list been aittiiijt 111 council Willi many
ick loth ol law and of poetry. W must
vr it with the tandor of the reader to aay
Kllier the other alternative . is suited to him,
mi ho silies to the Supreme Court, aa far
t! ei rjnizrd, the polite epithets, "a high
L tJrd judicial tribunal" '-an institution reach
: titer universal -dominion" "issuing ppln-
ii cDiuhed in irrandiliHiueot languaee. of
k th late is a false as the law and logic'
Mtsfy revering Stale decrees "arrogating
iriuaiic discretion" "sending forth prolix and
mlmtla political disquisitions." What very
knllrmsnly and enurteoua language! We
ouU be really gratified to know who this new
friJiift is, who is attempting lo teach eonstltu
jiiii la to one of the ablest court in th
wu,indwho would, no doubt, make Chief
Imit Marshall "hide his diminished head," if
ooil old loan could visit us affain from his
"it. kame. But rely upon it. all this ia not done
f Aiot an object. It is not prompted by mere
Ji'lifs. Tlie fimt paragraph stamp upon the
frsittetioii iis true features. "The renovation
Ills Supreme Court by the creation of ven
' its une memlier nnilor the auspice ot ttie
wai uemncratie ascendancy, may b regard
I ss th cliMiirig' of an old and th opening of a
f m in its history .fAnr tia" irinrrnir-te
"insl iwliticsl fivvoTltism is to bo incorpora
isto eu? jodicial tribunals, and that party
w "B lie in test OI teual shilitv and hones-
Tlw uarograph betrays in bold relief, th
tealion of the .writer. It ean be nothing else
leite a prejudice strains! the Court
" ntr 'I former deciiiotit. as its present
imherihsve lieen renavaleil,) by enlisting po-
-"pmuiectinna And why should this be!
1 ""dalles are not, directly or indirectly, eon
"""I vil! the politics of lha Jar Ih.ImuI it
wld 'he object of every man. who loes hi
. KeeP fre from such influence,
' M tnnl'oueationa whirh tha ! In
r M1Won truth on foundationa which ar
"isnuMe. sml l.t-l. .1 - .ii :. .
iobki me person, who kar to expoutid them
red by the low contemptible motive
. "ca enaracteriza lha nfirtin1 'Pi.;.
rr. , CIUM"Jlfir that they rfWHild be abov.
ttBuenea, and oreea th contrary a an e-
" ta the nl.l . n . W.
1.1 j . u.vimi wun. Hui una
"!wilritiw.ti!asi: s-.i-
f.; Miuaiiwtiis i;uiiiHK'lluawa
I ntt OMt Ulla im Hna .11 'IM : 1.
- g llltf.WIW UTIsHir'
hunt wU'wh .1 u
e . 1 , -issnmsf tIUUIi;a lflJ"
may 1V Htahaa. T : tr I 1
""JKuer great defect in th 8upremc Court.
n. And pray what would b the consequence
wtuig it rwponaible to such an ompirol I
LjJ"? ,,1'lel What may be th opin
- m. public to Jay may be ehana-ed before
u- Wost the t:.u,rt ,k.nM t.k i.t
decisimi. r 1 u , .
PSt r " 'P""'" rmtwnatit
tourt sworn to follow
ir" 'naa. Undee sneh . .1.1. .r .k:-
I jj-ea. on any atability in our nation.
23 i&?tw th w
fM is . uige when answer
"'If ain u v'"""g. unstaoi supervision!
r ' J rx".-th Jdici.ryof
s kin. 1 ""'"rvient to popular opinion.
h .. " muut B vr blast of nnliiil
"rtT an,! l.r": 'u '
sian.K. .l w ovenornaxi. in Uino
r U" Cotwumion and Uw and (ear
.. . . vnwT D overtornnl.
nil ambition will both rprl ta ptung litem .
into Ih current of popular cteilenMrnt. Instead
of rntstinar ?ijr.n they will pankin - in
it. In courting th people, .tiny WiH undermine
their institution. Wa tkt not wish w b com
sidered M touteodiof that Judge should nut
twpett public opinion. By no meana. It houU
indue l!im to luoK eareiuuy at to duti oe
br them lo iaroin wall th irounj of thetr
opinions to gslher light, if possible, fro iu
Uggrttioti. Hut to mac mem irptnomt, ta
to aniail upon Hit Country tyranny which t
not iMa-trnd Jhiiajh8?wj
mora eonteropultle, Mca,ue to iimui to un
mask itself. For our own part, w regard
independent judiciary a on of lh rarest pit
lara ot the Constitution, witueul wtuca, wa may
anticipate those ccne thut. characterised lh
French Revolution werrthe very foundationo
I L.
of society were broken p when confiscation
nd bloodshed usurped the place of virto and
good government, and th very soil, saliattd to
fulness, refused to drink in lbs blood which wa
shed in tlieir
11 ut what, let ur-enquir. ar th evidence
of usurpation in th Supreme Court, in th
timation of this writer, who seems so vary much
struck with his own suj-crior candor and legal
acumen as to charge it with reaching after "uni
versal dominion?' The decision which oinvlly
disturb his peace of mind and haunt hi Jaco
binical slumbers, are IDose siatilishum to doc
trines rontainod iu Fletcher v. Peek 6
Crunch' i lit t. 97.) Ill this case th Court de
clared that "a repeal by on of the States of a
law under which rights had vested did not di
vest those rights: that Georgia had no con
stitutional authority to revoke grant of land
previously made. Tut arguments urged in de
fence of the authority, are drawn from the sup
posed omnipotence of the Legislature that the
act of one cannot bind a sfiossuuns Legislature
that if it were binding, lb action of eueceed-
ng legislature might be completely forestalled
and annulled There ia an erroneous impress
ion abroad, (particularly among thos who has
not lb meina of examining) in relation to thia
vital question. It may afliird some apology for
recuriing to those reasons whichs would seem to
strike at once the mind of every reflecting man.
The Constitution of the United States declare
in Article 1, Section 10: "No State shall pass
any bill of attainder, ei-pft fnrto law, of lav
impairing the ettitfatian of contract:" A eon-
tract, both in Its legal and ordinary acceptation,
means, an agreement between two or more per
sons lo do or not to do a certain thing, and is
either executory or executed. It is an executed
contract where Us inducement or object has
ben performed, and executor when it ia to be
performed in future. Now die framers of the
t'onsl il n tiunpmH( certainly have had in view
both tbase apeciea of contract. 1 he language
ia general, without qualification and free from
ambiguity. - That a State is able to make a con
tract when not forbidden by tho Constitution
will hardly be denied. Did not the grant of
Georgia partak of all the qualities of a con
tract! The land waa transferred for a valuable
consideration. The title of the grantor waa
completely extinguished, and an agreement im
plied that he would not re-assert that title.
Would no contract be violated no1 obligation
impaired by revoking it and retaking the land?
It would bo doing violence to the express lan
guage of the Constitution and impugning the
wisdom of il fiamers, lo suppose that a Klate
under the prohibition "thall pan no latt im
pairing the obligation of contract!," is bound
to protect contracts between individual: but
may, at pleasure, weaken, impair and annul iti
stum. I pe founders or our government knew
the danger of party excitement, and were fully
aware that in moment of political ardor the
Legislature might pas laws winch wouW .vio
late th right of property. Hut who can. fail
to ae th raaulia of uab. a iluatriml Mot, n.
ny person in th co.nmunity would hold their
lands free from th caprice of the Legislature:
It is only necessary thai it should pas an act
revoking grants, many of whii& were made half
a century ago. If the light is conceded to im
pair one species of conrlacts and not anotner,
who i to draw the distinction Has the Con
stitution done it! The Legislature passe an
ct granting to B for valuable consideration
one of tho public lota in the City of Kaleigh.
B Improve it build upon it and in course ot
time it becomes valuable piece of property.
Can a subsequent Legislature revoke that grant
and resume the lot! Again: J'ha Legislature
grants to a number of persons a charter to erect
Rail Koad through a section ot tue state.
Stock is subscribed property vested the road
completed. Has the Legislature a right under
th Constitution to revoke that charter, when
there ha been no mituter or nonnrer, and dc-
atroy th Road! Have not rights vested under
it! I it not a contract! If you grant it the
right to take back th whole charter, you must
likewis allow the power to resume a part.
Suppose then there is a provision, that th com
pany, in consideration of their keeping up the
road for the convenience of the community,
thall be entitled to the toll originating from the
transportation of passengers and produce. Will
any one contend that the Legislature can de
prive liirm of It) toll bfTCquirtng tlent"t) p-4
form such tranaiortation Ire ol enargei
The argument educed by many from th sup-
twcdomnipoUmcCJ)fjhLcgslature is as dan-I
gerooa aa ii is erroneous. - i u uw; "
umeof to represent th voice of th people it is
true in whom all political power is vested.
This however doe not make the Legislature
omnipotent. In all regulated government in
all government where liberty and good order
prevail ther are Constitutions. By the Con
stitution th people place restrictions on them
selves which they cannot violate without moral
turpitude. Th majority must indeed govern,
but it can govern in no other way than it ha
promised by if own Conititution, previously
recommended and approved; If any other doc
trine were eanctioned such a supreme law as a
Constitution would be a met mockery. There
would be no protection for the right of th mi
nority, and th Legislatuieclaiming to represent
lh wish of tb majority would vurial every
right sacred to man. Such a despotism would
be won than that of a Tiberius or Caligula
for who would not prefer one mailer to a Mete
land? 8uch an argument then would make
our government in practice a despotism with
out restriction, without limitation of power.
A corporation i an artificial being existing
in contemplation of law -and vested under it
chsrter with certain ritht and power. B!ck-
ton (3 Com. 37) define it "a franchise for al
number of person to b incorporated and eiisl
as a body politic, with power to maintain suc
cession and do corporal acts, and each indi
vidual of uch corporation i (aid to bav a
franchise or freedom." It roust be apparent then
that the parti to lh grant or charter of a cor
poration ar th Government or Legislator and
ta individual member of that corporation. 1 ha
on the grantor and the others tb grantee.
Under it each ha certain right and i bound
by certain obligation. I on party privileged
to violate hi obligation when th other ha
been prompt in the performance of hi! That
he can ia certainly not aw, and the' common
sense of any on will tell him that there ia no
Uuotice in auch principle. Tha-easee of Fir-
retttv: Taylor, (9 Crone Hep, 43 J "Stur.
get vi Cminingihitld f4 If heal 122J
Dartmouth Collego vo noodcrd fib. 618
contain lucid and forcible refutations nt th doc
trine w have attempted hut feebly to expose.
On srch be evidence of vntrpation in f Su
preme Twit m grsvsly charged by the Wash
iiiglon City Revwwer!
But vra supposing tb Constitution of the
United State had placed ae such prohibition
on th Plate as that of which w bav
inf the doctrine be defended; on th
ground f policy e good faith! I not auch vi
tattoo of national honor repugnant I th spir
it of ur Put Uoveresaent! If Creai Britain
were (and the ParUanvanl is a omnipotent as
aay lefislalivi Wedy earth) to pea ah ad
sxuiitilaliR( tb nauonal bt and rescinding
v Ui-UiM to bar e.Witara, would any man
W fcsaJ 'WliKU it! Couldh W a-Whdcd
J aay principle ot lav aad loaticel Thai ah
lie th power U -t .tvoieJ: but would there
net tin msMBigttt tauaVajnral and knal liabU
iiyt Can parry can , reacind, at
will, tbir own contract wacw they bold indi
W bonr-d wkatevet asay b the result! If
they can, then what seennty i there for th
innumerable avwinariVeef learning tb benev
olent asaeeiaUone the imniens (cheme for
jriternal imprewnMnt, and many ether work
which ar to spread gladoea and plenty over
lh land! Are they all to be liabl to bwept
away by tb breath of th Legislature?
W bav watched with painful anxiety th
progtese of such threatening error. How dread
ful in their consequence w may not know ao
til it is too lata to apply th remedy! We en
treat the people therefore lo look at these
thing to see hew near to destruction such
doctrine ar forcing their property and live.
Ther ar "many who ar (till making an at
tempt, a bold and reckless attempt, to break
down the great landmark of the Constitution
and to erect in their place th disorganizing
nd cruel principle of Jacobinism! Will
tub riorL Arraova will tb riorLS sor-
ran it? DELTA
Glorious Whig Triumphal
"The cry it itill they come!"
BALTIMORE it redeemed! Mr. Ken
ncJay, the Whig candidate ha been elected by
a majority of 800 vote over the Loco Foco can
didate. Tho rout of the Loco Foco i com
plete. Never before were they so broken up
nd discomfitied. They drained every nerve,
resorted to every artifice, however base and
grovelling; but they have signally failed. Well
done Baltimore! Hurra for the land of Carroll!
Whig majority in the city 620.
Little RHODE IS JULYtfJu also enrolled
her name upon the bright list of regenerated
States. The election which bav just termi
nated there ahow a great whig gain. Governor
Sprague ( Whig) is elected by 400 majority,
and the Senatorial whig majority ia atill larger'
In the Legislature I he whigs have a majority of
25 on joint ballot.
From VMGLYI.i we learn that there is no
doubt of the election of Mr. Slaughter, the whig
candidate, over Mr. Linn Banks, the Van Bu
ren, Sub Treasury candidate, to fill the vacancy
made by Mr. I'atton'a resignation! Thi ia to
be regarded a a clear development of public
opinion in that district againat the Sub-Treasury
and 'tho party,' a Mr. Bank it a moat pop
ular gentleman, and extensively known for ma.
ny years past aa Speaker of tb Houi of Dele,
gales. Thi new at the present juncture from
the Old Dominion ia peculiarly gratifying, and
II .1 . im astuaa islls
late contest there.
With these victories pouring in upon us from
II quarters the most ancient and respectable
members of the Confederacy reasserting their
rights with a spirit lofty and decisive a thst
which animated them in by-gona times is it
possible that North Carolina, once foremost in
lh career of freedom i it possible, we sk
in view of the position of her sister States, of
what she ha been, and what ah may be, that
ah will falter now, or. com but feebly to the
rescue? We ardently hope not. The summer
campaign is approaching. LET EVERY MAN
DO HIS DUTY else he ia no on of North
Cj" It will b perceived from the Congress
ions! proceeding in snolher column, that Mr.
Grundy' bill imposing a heavy penalty and im
prisonment for the issue by th U. S. Bank of
Pennsylvania of it own note, ha paaced the
Senate! We ask when and where will Federal
aggression cease! Not content with destroying
a valuable fiscal agent of the Government, th
Democratic party, with a malignity sesreely j
parallelled in th barbarous age, and wholly
unworthy of a high-minded and free people, ar
yHpsrsuipg lh? hsd?w of that institution, now
under the supervision and control of sovereign
member of th Confederacy. We are astound
ed and pained at a tl of thing o alarming
o disorganizing so uttorly at war with th
right of th Stale, and so highly inimical to
tb commercial welfare aa well of the who!
Union of the 8tate of Pennsylvania.
The caae ia (imply thi. Th note of the old
"TJT8. Bank now in circulation, have been a
dopted and issued by th U. 8. Bank ol Penn
sylvania, which i bound and competent to re
deem them. These notes are therefore bona
fid Slate notes, to all intent and purpose, at
much so s the note issued by any 8tat Bank.
What shadow of right then, baa the Federal
Government to interfere with the circulation of
the note? What right to raise a whimper on
th subject! But it is sought to be done a
Jaw prohibiting their iaaue baa been adopted In
the Ken ate, and pain t;vpenaiue nave Keen
. .... ,.,.. .
noexea to iu vioiauoni it i out anoiner oi
lh many high-banded and malignant acta of
Lne party' exercised toward that institution,
Tbey are chagrined and mortified foiled fn
their cherished design, and tbey ara iihibiting
their waaknee ia an effort to aasuravj etrength.
For if Pennsylvania i true to harsdf, to th
Conititution, to bar iter State, thi arrogant
and deliberately fbrmsJ schema for I--overthrow
of her beet Banking institution, m 1st be
discomfited. ...
viRC'NIA ELECTION. We tear from
psttenger last night Irom Wiashesler that.
Barton (W.) and Sherard ( Contervatlv has
bee elected to tb Legislature from Ftderick
soonty. This hai Iieretolor bean on ot lh
most dtsided Van Buren eoanties m th Slate.
From Jefferson WMinty, tw Whig bav bee e.
etd by 100 VsjorityJatt year whig and 1
joeolote. x Bait. Caret.
Mr. Camhrclenj, the Van leader iri the
House, .is reported a bill to create a species
of permanent Crerasici batU-ntttt,irre-
5hiySlhe Secretary of the Treasury
may put into circulation, wrienever and often
as be pleaae. Thet note are not to benefit
the peeple oh no''tIiey are to be issued for a
diflerer.t purpose to jiay the debt of the
government Ti whomr
To the p bile
creditor ofvoure-th people?. How
IpnxwilJ, thejr .re" ?Pa'LPrie day
We think not. They mm depreciate
and the people will be forced ,to become
PLE J5LF.EFf- " -
The Southern democrats are ctamaroua
ag-ainst Mr. U!y high tariflT principle.
WTMedLjIu;; Compromise actf John
G.'Canionn. Wi'tttlie South will va ainjrle
true Southern mar, Van Uuren or olhei wise
condemn hi course on that question. We
believe not. ; Who voted with John C Cal
houn? II F.N It Y CLAY. Who proposed
thia salutary measure of reconciliation be
tween the high contending parties' HEN-
KT LLAi . vr no voted ajramst tins meas
FRIENDS. We can prove it. Who voted
for the Abomination bill of SS? MARTIN
VAN BUKEN- Who aouglit recently to
disturb the Compromise Act? VAN UUREN,
WniC.HT, BENTON Si Co. These are
FACTS and we hope the people will weigh
them and determine who are and who arc not
for u. '
We are highly gratified to stale that there is
at last a prospect of settling the dispute betwre
lh United States and Mexico amicably. It ap-
A pcsrr'from a roe'tage of llje PresiiieuTpreienled
in th House of Representatives on ilie C'th ull.
thsl a tTireet proportion hat been midefiy the
Government of Mexico to relcr the differences
between that Republic and this to the arbitration
of a third power, and that the offer has been ac
cepted by the President of the United Slates.
Some account af the proceeding! of this body
was given to our reader last week; since which
we have learned, from an authentic source, the
following aJJitiona
Th proposition recommending the 1st of Oc
tober a the day of resumption, wa carried in
th committee by mere numerical strength, not
by th amount of capital represented the great
controlling power over the currency, and which
must, after all, be the final arbiter of thi im
portant question. It influence wa felt in the
decision of the Convention. Various proposi
tion wer submitted, which were freely and
fully discussed; in which, it affords us pleasure
to, state, North Carolina took a firm and zeal
ous stand in support of the earliest day in eve
ry instance, even cordially uniting with New
York in favor of the 10th of this month; there
by giving the strongest evidence of the sinceri
ty of the desir and confident ability of our
bank to resume at any moment, when they
can have the co-operation of their sis'er insti
tution, psrticulsrly those of Virginia, whose
-my. i. ai.n.H.aiW. ui with which alone the
bank of thi Rial kn mum and maintain
specie payments. But br a recent act of iW.
Virginia' Legislature, her bank are protected
in suspension until the 1st of January. It
therefor became necessary, in order to an or
Tier resumption by our banks, to prevail on
their neighbors lo give op a portion ol the im
munity granted them by the act; and, in a
highly commendable spirit, they consented to
yield half, and support the proposition to re
turn on the 1st October. But it was all una;
vailing. A majority of the Convention resist.
ed every attempt lo fix upon an earlier period
than the 1st of January, 1839; and the vote
on that question was aa follows: Yeai Maine'
Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhod Island, Con
necticut, New Jersey, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Virginbv North Carolina, Indiana.
Illinois, Missouri. Jfayi New York, because
bound by law to resume lOth May Mississip
pi, becauae too soon for her. Matlylsnd with
drew, because sh wss opposed to designating
a day; and th following State war not re
presented at all: New H fjnpshir, JPermsyJv-
nia, South Carolina, Georgia, Ohio, Kentucky,
Tennessee, Alabama, Michigan.
It i proper to remark that it is still doubtful
when tb work of . rampUon wm aciUaftyTwrniio: tne-lt in currency-crmiar- agairi
tak pUce. Tb resolution of th Conven
tion i not imperative, tho' North Car
olina at least inaistad on having it so,) but re-"
Commendatory. It may commence much earli
er, or it may be delayed longer than the time
mentioned. Such i thocouiie arf trade and
consequent current of circulation, that there is
a regular ehai oof connexion and dependency
between the bank from the South to the
North. Pennsylvania must therefore move
before Maryland, Maryland befor Virginia,
and Virginia before North Carolina ean r-
lum. ,
Whenever, therefore, the bank of Pennsyl
vania (hall lead th way, if tomorrow, th
work of general reaumption will commence,
and not sooner.
It ii a fact worthy of remark, that the Bank
of th State has in it vault at let half as
much specie a all lb 26 Associated Bank of
Botton. " '
It will k tca that the Duelling Committee
hat reported resolutions for tb expulsion of Mr.
Grave from tb Uoese, and for lb vr Ma
ture by lb House of Messrs. W is and Jonas,
the teeoodt. . . . .
The Bank of Cape Fvar has declare
ed a dividend, preparatory to admit
tin" the new. Stockholders, of 4 1-2
per cent, payable on this , day. We
understand that after making-tWs
dividend, and allowance for- oil bad
debts, a surpuls of about t percent,
waa still left on hand. Fay. Ol$.
Important lo rentiomr$,-The Pen
sion Department at Washington has
given notice, that in accordance with
an act of the present session of Con
gresa, a414 Ynsionrrs who do not claim
and receive their petifciona within eight
months alter they are due, are requir
ed to apply to the Department itaelf,
where only they will be paid.
It may be well to add, (ainre the
fact of the Agent here being unable to
pay pensioners, for want ol funds, hat
been, noticed , in it Western .paper,
that funds Juve lately been supplied,
and all who apply are now paid.
Mr, PiTTo. of Va., ha issued an address to
hi former constituent, in which he animad
vert verv freelv nnan soma of th measure of
nth 1st and present administration. We take
th following paragraph from hi address.
"If I may assume th privilege of admonition
which I bop you will excuse, in considera
tion of Tny aiucei and aealoua anxiety for lha
welfare of those who have so long and so gen
erously confided in m let me beg of you,
never put your trust in the 6 lelity or virtu of
any politician, who chief claim to youl sup
port is placed, not on th sounJness of his prin
ciples, but on hi profession of devotion lo a
CHER0KEE8. Ther em to b bullit
tle doubt now, but that the wu. tr will hav to
encounter serious difficulties, when they at
tempt to enforc the lat Treaty ith the Cher
okee tribe of Indians: great deal of excitement
already prevails among th sell It r on th fron
tier, from Ilie reluctance whU h the Indian
have evinced lo leave th country. A t orre-
Tmondent writer from Wayneaville.says: "'From
alt I ean learn, I do not bnliete that th Indians
have the most dWtant idea of removing; I am
indrmsd that they aie making more improve
ment an J grenler preparation for a crop, than
thry have ever done heretofore, though one
cause of that may be, owing to tho fact tint the
commissioners have been recently valuing their
improvement which may have stimulated them
to industry, with the expectation of being paid
for (heir labor: whit men who have been
mong them, tell mo, that the Indian aay, that
tliej never will leave the country; that they
will die first, but at the same time disclaim ail
intention of fiirhting. I do not think that thry
will embody themselves arid make general bat
tle; they bve ho means of carrying on a wnf.
They are almost entirely destitute uf ammuni
tion and means of obtaining it. It seems to lie
the general Impression, that when they find that
they are to be removed by force, they will re
treat to -the large, mountains where they can ef
fectually conceal themselves during the summer
season. When they find that all their ellorts
to escape fromt!iewhite man are Ineffectual,
that the Treaty must Inevitably iinforceoTRfd
they removed, then, and not tilt then, it ia be.
lieved that thry will fight; they will then be.
come desperate, and sell their live aa dear a.
possible. It i thought that they bav not re.
solved on any thing definitely as yet, nor will
they until John Ross return from Washing,
ton, who exercises absolute control over them,'
... Muther, Gazette,
Texan. The New Orleans Bulletin
of Thursday last, is mud ularmcu at
the tenor ol private advices troin l'.nir
l etui, that the British government is
about to acknowledge the Indeptn
dence of Texas, and thus destroy all
hono of its annexation to the United
blocks have risen astonishingly in
New York within a week or two.
Some of them as much as ten' per cent
United States Bank stock rose from
108-1-2 to 113.
Our readers Jio doubt reccollect the
old law of the "State of Franklin,'
lately cited by Mr. Websler, in his
speech on the currency. That law
(made before the country was anlickd
with bank notes; was as lollows:
"He it enacted by the (it nersl Assembly of
J lh Slate of Frank I in, and it it hereby enacted
ny ine siittioriiy ol tlie tame, bat iiom the
first dsy of Janusrv, A. 1). I7!, 4lie taUiies ol
the civil officers ol this cotniuontveaith brat lol
low, to wit:
"His excellency the governor, per annum, one
thousand deer tkini; hit honor, Hi chief justice,
five hundred do. do. the attorney general, fite
hundred do. dot secretary to liii txci,llenry
(he Governor, five hundred raooon do.; th
tretsarer of lb Htate, four hundred and filly ot
ter do. each eounly slcrk, three hundred bea
ver do, dark of lh house ot commons, I o
hnnilred taconn do. i member! f aiteinhlr. nrr
diev the dv-do. jusli'- tt tor iguig
warrant, on mutkral do.( to lh conttMble, lot
serving a arrant, on mink do."
Mr. Webster, we are told, com
mented with much humour "off the ap.
ptopiutcness uf paying the constables
in ix i ii tt skiiir, uy reason ol the re
semblence belweeH them in character
an4 pursuits.lJnnrt this , rrincin.
nto fashion, we suppose it would be
distributed among the present vflicers
-Torour troverntnent somewhat thus:
To Ilts Eicellency Martin Van Bit
ren, President of the United States,
per annum, twenty-five thousand foi
skins. ". ' " '" ' . ;;
To Amos Kendall, Postmaster Gcn
eneral, six thousand lijrna skins.
To the Secretary ol State, six thous
and goat skins.
To Levi Woodbury, Secretary of
tho Treasury, six thousand ass skins,
of the largest size. .
To Thomas II. Benton, Senator one
bear skin.
To Oen. Jesup, Commander ayainst
thel ndians, one squaw skin.
ToR. M. Johnson, Vice F resident,
one black sheep akin, with the wool and
To Blair, Administration editor, one
nakeskin. . . '
To Cralle, second AdministrfHion
editor, for his services for and against
"the hard money humbuj;." one .cha
meleon skin. &.c. &c. Col. Tel.
"I A It II IK D,
.- In thi county, on the 5th inst by William
Laa a, Mr. Thomas I. Roges to Mis Eliza
A. Msngum, daughter of Cob James Man-gum.-
. ' : ,
,'. DIED, : ;; ;
In Newbern, on Monday hut, Mr. Archer
Tench, of this City. -
In Kineton, en Sunday, the 24th of March
att, Mrs, Sarah C. Heavit ebinort of Turner
lteavis, and youngest daughter of the late
John Catlin, Esq. ; '
Mom teienee, gen lot, and friendshltil
Weep wah ht-dsonotate wrintl three fcit.
reaved little shildrve, lorasteirand vour
roent sml fikn.l, Doctor John l!yood. r.f
Iteitie, N. ("arolina, is numbered witti tlie
dead. Ills to record but half hi wot tj
say there lies the found husband, the tender
parent, the fjitbi'nl friend, the gelicrou m-,
erytheki)fu,l and" accomplished l'liysicisn,
the public spirited anri excellent citisen; who
died on the 18th instant, in Windsor, Ilie
theatre of his usefulnej l the practice f hi
many virtues since A. 1). 18C6) nf that fear,
lul destroyer Pneumonia .'lphaideo, wliioh
quickly rent asunder the silver chord, and all
the delirate ties whirh bAitnrt t r.r
and in the midst of hi usefulness and pronn
Asa Graduate rtf the University ; w IVnn.
ivlvania in 1824. be higiily honored liia '
lima .Mater. Hi fine intellect, ripened by
igh dltiire, admirably Jrui.led hi nice div
criminating judgement, and stamped drcisr
ion and energy upon- tin movement in the
chamrrer of diseasen' aided as e waa by
great arhentty' of manners and kinrtu of
neart, rive liima lmld unoallie mAlic con
fidence and all'tcl'mn poasesBed by very few.
"w as ne Biirpaacu ny any that In ean.
sive benevolence which iinnclled him
regardlrs of the peril to hit own health.
fly, at the call, to the relief of tuflVriiia-
huniamt) and to Ihia the finest charity of our
nature, he finally fi ll a martyr, in the prime
of lif, in the vigor of manhood, and bleat
with all that earth cmiltlheMow, te cheer dim
on in his career of usefulness and ' dUinlcres
tcdiies. ...
The county of Bertie in trtitli. the whole
State, atiould mourn th lost of such a me t.'
for hit death is ttul a public calamity.
It is however con-olmii indeed amid the
mournful circun-ttance X dying, to reflect,
that Christianity, tlion';li unabl to "divrrt
ne stroke ol dcih,Ttracts its atinc, and
casts a flood of glo'.y, to light ill departing
pun in unwiru iiigiu i ns rirmm rest.
rarewell! dear kliul. I forirne the tear
ahicli friend hip 1i ill In thy departed
orh, who in years ern e by, s lonir thv
associate in bu.iness, and uho, tlu.upli now.
lar a ay;, deeply synipallnxca wtlit thy
bereaved family and f end. :
ll.leig'iN. C.April 20, 133,
lTiesit uuful Steamboat Acci
dent! The boiler of the Steamboat Moselle, with
:0O passeiiKrr on bomd, exploded near Cin
cinnati on the SAth ult., and horrible to relate, -
tore the boat into atoms, and killed about 195
of the iuisencei! The accident ia attiibulrd
lo show all the speed ol hi boat, ii loo lout
his life. . ,
.tllFUL COA'FLJlGn.lTHhWke
counts In m Charleston state that a destructive
lire ws racing there when tiie paper was put
to press. It commenced 1 iu the morning, and
a 1st as two o'clock was still progressing with
greal lury,
Virginia Election: Tidinga thua far ar
very cheering, and a Whig triumph i antlei
pated. Twelve counties and three town
end 17 whigs, 1 Conservative, and only 3 Ad
ministration. r
Valuable ISy Propi't Ij,
riiittiant fs a deoiee nf the Stiprcm Court
of North" Carolina, I shall expose lo ptiblia sale
at the premise!, en rrnlay, Ijie ISth ly ol Jan
nest, tUs vT)' t'sstmUd remleiM in lh Cily of
uaieifti4.tii tfrortivrOT vrntsooTo titi
MclKiwell Streets, tornterly oixupled by Mitt KT
i.nlilr. as lloaidisar lloaie.
f lie lot eonlaint llirve-tourlht of an aer the
Dwelling llniike is Isigs and eoinmoillnu,, vnilt
13 rooms; sll necessary nnt.hnes, and a line
garden, ami, (hough anfllcieally reined for
private family, is very emiveiiiet.t, to the Lust
neit part of the City. To retlilentt tf the (ov
er vrnjnli v, dettrotil of teentlng hrtllhy and
plrsssnt liinstinn, the preienl affortt Very ts
vnraltl opportuMily. Hertuni wishing to exam
in the premises befor th day ol Bale, ttn du
so, hy SjipUiiig to ibe Sulnerjlier, or Mr, 'I bnt,
Lniliig,- I'uiKsion will b given o ilie first
day nt Jsnusry next.
TKItMS, hab will be liberal, md known
on day of tale.
t? W. MOnDP.CAi, Cm.ier.
Haletth, April CT, tS.IS 19 Te .
. State of North Curoliun, ,
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions,
Yarbronvh k Foster Y
v I peijiion for Parlition
Jt h Jamrt Jones and " of Lett
William Willie Jonea j ,
Ii appearing loth taiiifiiellon of the Coutt
limiit f tlit State, so thst th' ordinary proessa
of law canept ressh lliemi It it ordered by
the Court that publicatioB be made in th UaleiRli
Siar, for tit soeccsiiv aeiki, that nnless the
jaid,drfr.Dtan'llIPr"el ? next terra of lh
HHI .vi-i, IU !? nriu SI HI lDUft IlOtiSS Ill
1,(1 Hiliiirr. on lh second Monday ilJune neii.
the and lh r lo antwer or degtiir tfl lb sanl
trtwiQ ih sarn will be take iroonfeso ui
partitioa made aceO'dinely.
....... b nt'i'VenDnir
Alien o. rn ciioii.. . ... .
tvoiibura, April 84, l38 l w
, Stale of North Carolina, .
Ceuntti of J'raklin.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions.
MarehTerm, 1858
Ailolplmi Reed
i v .
Jells Parson
Petition lor dower oi
John Uttletoo Raed
Llnabeth Ann Stark
and buian M. Reed I
It appearing I ih tatiifaelion of lha Court
the delenrisntt John LiuleloB Keed, F.lissbeih
Ann Slsik and Susan M. Itecd. resid in iIm
Stal of Virntnie, and that th process or this
Court eanool reach thei it iaorderetl thst puk
lieution b mad in Ih Raleigh Sue, lor six
successive weeks, lhat sulci the saw! defendants
appear at the next term of th ssid Court to he
sld at III Court llwis in Leuisburg, -on the
teaond Monday in June next, then and there to
ntwer or demur to Ih said Petition, it will be
taken pro unfo and dower ordered card
i0i,Jr' Attest S. PATTERSON, C. C. C.
Loulshurg, April it, H.tS 19 tw
From lh subseiibee, at Majr. Thnrsxit Ifeve
mwi m, un iihi twin i.-.-ti oihtvi Aiarr,'
five years old Ibis Springs mai ked with a star to
th forrheaJ, left hind toot antra above the let
lockf quit eild (although ploughed last sun.
mtr) she wss beard of at -Crawford Kerney's
lew dsyt after going off, 1.1 rades weM nf Ixiuit.
berg. Ajr inlorwtation will b tbsnklully r.
eelved, soil any rraamialil sum paitl lor her dv
livery to ms, i amies Jti uih ol l.otiint.iuif
- M n ' h A tt II II. A I l- l l.
Fratiklin J., April Si, 18JS.
13 4

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