North Carolina Newspapers

    CAUCASIAN.
Vol-. XI.
GOLDSBOEO, X. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1803.
NO. 27.
of
up
1
h
are
f,r
ins
ier
j )IT( )ITS CHAIR.
j
i OF THE EDITOR ON THE
OF THE DAY.
.iliilK'Utl.S KIV
th:tt, trusts
:v jirivut'r affairs." Now
Wiliuintoii Star :md says
tat i it is "largely u kwul
What does it im aii? I
;r i a'lv to aji!';.'i(' f'i' 1 e
IP' should do iiot.li I ii
IT. hi a p .-.-ti! litli;il it
I ! ! i.r ii'l nin lo
Wliat a change
1 iiiof rat.-s don't
a it ii t a'i issue,
one 1 l oin l ht." Al-
h I he i.iri.!
: !." ti.
v y will I-
; Im'M'o'
,ti-i.jilion I, ill liad la-f-fd
.-null ja jiiT.-; ;n the News
!..T ami tin' Messenger
!. tilling von th.it was
that cotton hal ;:j
i net- th'.'V haw: not got a
1 1 e 1 1 1 1 -i
,,1,
they now
-ii their old crv of "over
We suppose the spi.ru
. i . mail'' a big crop of rot
' liii.-tnias. Tin: politicians
ii!i.-an newspapers know
i'.ut it si ti ns that thi-y arc
!o lie thi'ir souls into pro
i to hide the trutli from the
ani to save their party.
WH CH FROM T'OTHER.
Charlotte Observer ami other
p ile !ieet.J have Iieen telling
. ;i Il l's I'm- several weeks that
,;:i:i I'.utler" ami the other
;,.i:tv e;nl"i-s had kicked Otho
- with t lie utmost con-
t!i
-!.. Ail
1 anions mock trial at
his was just as they
.1 nil along. Last Thurs
i,. . si 1 i'::-it the "third party"
n'tojuake a martyr of
ii ;i and are appealing for
i :ni: this too was just as
i predicted. Of course both
- iiii!.-;. he true; matters not
fiieiing tl.ev niav appear.
i n!,Iv safe course for people
l.:io,v hut little themselves and
i . . . . i. .i ...iitiii.. i
i.eiv 10 ciiarire uiaLiiiue io ami
"hjcc;s, is to predict on both
is the Observer has done.
QUESTION AND THE CAROLINIAN'S
ANSWER.
North Carolinian referring to
i . l . i 1 1 .. 1 : i.
in- i. 'iMMaiuie .vim mai ii was
fivv-ne conservative. we
41
up n that paper to explain
i; meant. We were afraid that
.!!;'mteutionalIy reflecting on
. rii-an ai.d unwise body. And
that paper's answer and ex-
e;-y wise man is "progressively
ative" that is he desires to
u a id without doing more in
Iiau he does good."
v let us see what this means.
first place the Carolinian
d to say that the Legislature
i.-e," but feeling the untruth-
of that, explains by saying
!: -v did no more "injury" than
." That is the good and the
balanced. If that is so
as a "progressively conserva-
ti'ui'-atitv.
i' '. ;i Id have been better for
M'' : i i Ins were
th
e case.
Pity
. i.e.- they did much that
. fair and bad; they did
;'i'n,r that was good. We
i. i r and have opened our
. '1 invited anv member of
. ; ;v r any citizen in the
ii. o matter to tell our rcad
: hat thev did. We are
'li-f i r the truth and all
ler !
a, e
hearing through
"- 'r TARIFF REFORM J
;! -' (ciit interview at New.
" ' William 11, Morrison
i'tli much explieituess that
form under existing circum-
a ill not permit of tariff re
. The horizontal plan that
d some years ago, he says
reliable and would be un
' this time, whatever it may
5t
i '.'i', lh.iv nnr r.iri there be sin v
i'-'i.'euon on anv iiues so
ti
' vernment has to de
customs revenues for
ll
t&'.'. i J Ii.ni.t.irt nl irt iri1
.'ll'lllJUli 1113V JHCUlllO
"f some sort will be re-
1 .i sugar. In other words,
;r'- under which the people
'-' u irr ".in in? so lonp-and from
r tliv 1 " inoorfl f ir nnrtw hua rf
: W'i cntinin lilaflrr r r.
- , .-0-
- . .4 cji. in. ill nil 'r ill II
"-III.
f.
not onivnave to Dei
iiu indefinite period yet,
hk'-lihood will have to he.
nasmngton rose April
c ue nave a perfectly honest
lent of the tariff nositimi nf
enioeratic party. 3Ir. Morri-
father of the "Horizontal
ill and the Post as - au iu-
paper has no interest in
willle the position of the
f'Cratie iw Iu i. .
-othing W1n be done to re-
people from the burden of
p that is crushing them to
a destruction.
retorm" wa3 put in the
National Democratic platform for
campaign purposes,. Jt was put
thereto deceive the j-ople. The
cry went outalout the "robber tariff
law" to divest the thoughts of the
jH-ople from the real danger that
iijeiianced th"ir political and indus
trial freedom. It was a blind. It
his had its day. It has been put
a-ide for future use. Who that
kne.v anything of the situation
doubts that Mr. Morrison is tellinsr
the whole truth about it?
"Tjir. J'KF.hK.ST TA HI VV WILL not
DN'I.V II U KTO UK JSOKNK Fun AN
IXDKI INITKTIMK, JILT IX AM. I.IKK-l-IJIo.)!.
Wll.l. HAVi: To UK IX
CilKAM l."
I " the.-e crushing, damaging
worus does I 'resident Cleavehuid a
iii-ap-st friend give the lie to Demo
cratic promises and pledgets. It was
upon these ph-dges that thousands
of honest people in this state voted
for Mr. Cleveland in the last elect on.
Th i: v havi: i:i:i:x im:ci:ivk d.
REDEEM THE PLEDGES.
! in- Ix iiKM i aU .Al iih! In-'I riiv to (he I'i-o-1
I r Sillier llm 'iiH-iueiiCfH.
Danville lUgister Den..
The Democrat ic party in nation
al convention assembled made a
platform and in the campaign made
pledges to meet every demand of the
tax burdened peiTpIp, and 0 rover
Cleveland, and every speaker who
canvassed for his election, said to the
dissatisfied people:
THi: DKMOCKATIC PLEDGES.
"All the ills from which you suf
fer are the results of the corrupt leg
islation of the .Republican party,
(iive us entire control of the govern
ment, give us the Senate, the"lIouse
and the executive department and
we will undo the corrupt legislation
of the Iffpublicans and all your de
mands shall be met on the terms
laid down in the Chicago platform."
The people by their votes said:
"Very well, what you promise is all
right, Ave will give you a chance,"
and Grover Cleveland .went into of
fice and the House and the Senate
became safely Democratic.
Hut the Demagogue who would
ride into power on the diiscoutent of
the people is not dead. He is alive,
waitiug anxiously for his opportun
ity and now if the Democratic party
fails to redeem the pledges made to
the people, it will be an easy matter
for apparently earnest men, having
oily tongues, to go among the peo
ple in many States, especially Vir
ginia, and rally a tremendous fol
lowing, by simply raising the old
cry that neither of the old parties
are for the people, and that the trend
of federal legislation under Demo
cratic rule, as it was under Repub
lican rule, is toward the reduction
of the farmers and workiugmen to a
state of peonage and so on.
The populist demagogue is smart
enough to take advantage of an op
portunity if presented to him, and
the only way to down him is to re
deem the pledges made to the xeo
ple." The Register would have done it
self credit if it had stopped without
writing the last two paragraphs
above. It is true that the Demo
crats promised to right every evil of
which the people complain, and the
people for once more took them at
their word and decided to give them
a chance. But is it true that the
Democrats were not in earnest and
did not intend to give the people re
lief, but are now forced to do it,
simply because the "demagogue" and
People's parfy is not dead? That is
the plain inference to be drawn on
the concluding paragraphs of the
above clipping. The Register says
that if the "Democrats don't keep
their pledges and give the people re
lief, that it will be an easy matter for
the demagogue to stir up the people
by simply raising the old cry" &c.
Now we would like to know if
the man is a demagogue who tells
the people the tiuthand calls their
atttention to pledges and promises
that have not been kept. Is he not a
patriot and the friend of the peo
pie and of good government? And
again if a "demagogue" can stir up
the people and get a "tremendous
following" by simply "raising an old
cry" then certainly there must be a
world of truth in that "old cry." In
the last paragraph the Register says
that the only way to down the "Pop
uhst demagogue" is to redeem the
pledges and give the people relief.
Then are we to understand that if
the Democratic party gives the peo
ple relief, that they do not do it out
of love for the people or because it is
right, but beeause they : are forced
to do it to down the "demagogue'
If thi3 is true then the people should
thank the "demagosruV more than
they do the party even if they should
get relief. Further on in the same
article the Register says:
"The speedy action of the new ad
ministration in redeeming these
pieages win leave tne Third party
people witnoui a grievance.
That is true because the "Third
party is fighting for the cause of
the people, and when the people
have no grieyance then the "Third
party" will have no grievance.
MACHINE NEWSPAPERS.
A BIT OF HI5T0RY--AN INDEPENDENT
DAILY NEEDED.
How the !'oli arc Iec-Ied jr the King
Organ.
(CorreiKn'l'iic; to The t'aneayan
Kaleiuh, April
The attempted consolidation of
the News & Observer andthe State
Chronicle nufrg-cstsa brief history of
newspaper consolidation and Ring
combinations at the State Capitol.
Not to fro further, the consolidation
of the News and Observer was there
suit of a shameful political combina
tion. Vance was (iovernor and was
a candidate for the United States
Senate against Senator Merrimon.
The Raleigh News was State
Printer and was Vance's organ. He
dictated its policy and wrote many
of its editorials ridiculing Merri
mon as a Senator and denouncing
him as a tool of Swepson. Hale &
Sanders, two experienced newspaper
men and politicians, started the Ob
server as a Merrimon man paper.
They were poor and had no means.
Vance wrote and said that Swepson
furnished the money, but people in
Fayetteville and Wilmington know
that he did not furnish the entire
capital. A leading feature of the
paper was its extensive correspond
ency from every nook and corner of
the State showing formidable oppo
sition to Vance's candidacy. At this
he became alarmed, and however
clear it was to everybody else that
these letters from "the dear people"
were manufactured in the law offices
of Merrimon, Fuller and Ashe, Vance
would not believe it. So a deal was
made. Vance repudiated his organ
and the Observer got the public
printing. 1 his was done too in the
face of a proposition from the News
to do the work 25 per cent cheaper
than the old contract price. The
Observer got the job at the old con
tract price, swallowed the News at
one gulp, and thus the consolidation
was effected. It was iust worth a
bonus of $5,000 to Hale & Saunders
and cost the people several times
that amount.
The Chronicle was started bv Dan
iels to work the Alliance. He de
ceived Polk by his smooth talk and
got what he went into to get the
Mate printing. He was scored and
lated by Democrats all over the State,
who believed that he had formed
co-partnership with Polk to destroy
the Democratic party. He hobnobed
with Polk on all occasions and went
with him to Atlanta when he cap
tured Hoke Smith, who was playing
the same game with the Alliance in
Georgia. Not very long ago did all
this happen, so that when Smith was
made Secretary of the Interior as
soon as the telegraph flashed the
news to Raleigh Daniels was on
his way to Atlanta. Smith was wil
ing but wanted some Democratic en-
lorsement. To secure that was one
of the hard things of his precarious
career. Vance positively refused to
endorse him, but importunity and
promises finally caused him to yield,
and Daniels is now the appointment
clerk of the Interior Department.
V ell, Daniels got his bonus out of
the State printing. The News-Observer
offered to take the printing
at a greatly reduced -price, but it
would not work. Believing that the
next legislature would cut the price,
Daniels sold the Chronicle to Tom
Holt & Co. who formerly owned the
News before its consolidation with
the Observer. Holt wanted to be
Governor and wanted an organ with
exactly the start that Daniels had
given the Chronicle. He paid a
good round price for it $8,000.
About $1,500 of this amount remains
unpaid, and is not due for a year
hence. The paper sunk money stead-
llv up to the btate convention, when
the failure to nominate Holt meant
its certain collapse. With Holt de
feated its mission was ended. - It
was then that its editor Mr. Jernigan,
put some of his own means in the
concern and kept it afloat until its re
cent suspension. It has not consolida
ted with the Observer for the reason
that consolidation is inhibited under
the contract with Daniels. It must
be sold and unless purchased by the
Observers stockholders it will be
suspended indefinitely or will be print
ed,mdependently of the News-Observer.
The News-Observer is supposed to
represent the Bourbon element in
the State and belongs to Jule Carr,
Rufus Tucker and two or three other
monied men. It will be apt to show
its hand in the coming Senatorial
contest m this State between Jarvis,
Carr, Pruden and Ransom. It is
the common talk here that this com
bination will defeat Ransom, as the
caucus nominee of the Democratic
party.
When the facts are known to the
eople they will know how little re
iance to place upon the Raleigh or
gans. They make or destroy as
suits the selnshness, bigotry, person
al aggrandisement and political as
pirations of their owners and ma
nipulators. If somebody -with brains
and courage would start an inde
pendent newspaper here which would
tell the truth and not suppress it, it
would sweep the decks, and supply
a long-felt want. Will tell you
about my talk that I am going to
have with Clevland in my next let
ter. One op The People.
"HONEST MEN" READ.
Honest men who have good pur
poses should sever all connection
with the Third party and its deluded
leaders. Ji fews & Observer.
Well, well, it takes a lot of cheek for
a paper that is the mouthpiece, apol
ogist and defender of monopoly to
presume to tell "honest men with
good purposes" what to do. What, a
paper that upholds and approves of
the frauds, and stealing of the late
count sometimes called an election,
daring to tell plain, honest men' to
go follow its crowd. Isn't it cheeky?
And then the poor "deluded xead
kes" deluded hy -whom? Where is
the News & Observer at anyway?
ft. WAITS VIEWS.
(Continued from"fast isue.)
TKA3 IMPORTATION.
"On the question of transportation
we radically differ from the Demo
cratic party. The Democratic party
being largely dominated by the pres
idents of these great transportation
companies, naturally evades and
avoids the question until the last mo
ment. We say that the only possible
Holution is that the government
should recognize that a railroad is a
great public channel of intercourse,
like a river or a dirt road, and should
not allow it to be held under the con
trol of private individuals. When
we sprung this issue the country was
not prepared for it. We have had
to endeavor to educate the people up
to it, but the capitalist are doing
more to propagate that idea than we
could possibly do. The United States
Government to-day is running a ma
jority of the railroads in Georgia, as
well as some of the great corporations
of the Northwest. And the capital
ists, in getting Judge Ricks to decide
that the government would put out
i A 1 . .
us strong arm and compel the engi
neer to stand with his hand on the
throttle whether he wanted to or not,
mve made a step in our direction
that may not be clearly realized now.
but will be seen hereafter. If the
government has any power on earth
to say that the striker, the laborer,
shall not vex or harass the railroad
comprny or the community when he
wants to enforce what he deems his
rights, the logic of that decision i?
plain. It is that if the government
is to regulate the labor it will have
to also regulate the employer.
1 akmg hold of the man who runs
the car, you are compelled to take
hold of the car itself. As far back
as the address I made in Atlanta in
August, 1891, I took the position that
government ownership would abso-
utely do away with all motives for
strikes with their -consequent evils.
and that was, therefore, the best rea
son for such ownership."
TRANSPORTATION VS. TARIFF.
"Why do you consider this ques
tion inseperable fiom your other
principles of reform!"
"To lealize the importance of the
transportation question we have only
to remember that the watered stocks
of these transportation companies
annually pull from the pockets of
the people a greater sum of money
than the entire tariif schedules of
that monstrosity of class legislation,
called the McKinley bill. In other
words, Democratic statesmen take
the hustings and very justly denounce
the system which, in order to raise
$200,000,000 to pay government ex
penses operates as a favor to the
manufacturer and a discrimination
against the man who buys from him;
but they say nothing whatever
against a system which takes fully as
much money from the same unpro
tected people and nuts it into the
pockets of syndicates, trusts, com
bines and speculators as a dividend
from property which does not exist,
as an income from a value which was
never earned by labor, or in any oth
er way recognized by business prin
ciples." WHERE HE WILL STAND.
"How do you propose to act with
reference to your future relation to
these issues?"
"It is plain, from what I have said,
that there are three vital differences
between our Populist platform and
that of the Democratic party differ
ences as to finance,- taxation and
transportation. So far as I am con
cerned, I propose to stand by the
party, no matter how long it may be
in the minority, which honestly de
clares its purpose to settle any one
of these three questions in the man
ner which we all agree is right. The
ture of the country depends upon the
proper settlement of each one of these
questions. There can be no healthy
business system without sound nnan
ces. There can be no system of iust
taxation, so long as we tax the back,
the stomach and necessary working
tools of the poorer classes of people
and leave the great fortunes of the
country paying no taxes or tribute
to the government which produced
and protects them. Nor can there
be any safety to our future, as long
as corporatins are allowed to con
trol this government for their pri
interest. As General Toombs said
in his last days, when he had ho mo
tive except to speak his disappointed
sentiments, 'The railroads will either
own this government, or the govern
ment must own the railroads.' There
fore, I am bound to say, that if every-
plank in the Democratic platform
were enacted into law, I would still
think it necessary to the safety of
our government and the perpetuation
of civil liberty that these three pria
ciples should be continually agitated
and pressed through to a righteous
settlement."
"Then you still adhere to the Peo
ple's party as an . organized necessi-
tyr' . ... .
"My fortunes are cast witn the
party and I am just as firmly attach
ed to its principles as I was when I
left the Democratic party because I
had become firmly convinced that
the Democratic party would never
again recognize the principles on
which Jefferson ani Jackson found
ed it."
PURE DEMOCRACY.
"AirffVhat were those essential
principles, as you viewed them?"
"As The Constitution has pointed
out, Mr. Jefferson' himself favored
an income tax, the free coinage of
silver, bitterly opposed the farming
out by the government of the power
to make money and - control its vol
ume, and strongly- opposed the spe
cial fostering: of special interests.
Jaekson was as famous for his fight
against National Banks as for his
fight against Wellington's veterans
at New Orleans. He gained as great
a victory over the one as he did over
the other. Yet, strange to say, the
Democratic party goes out and jubi
lates over those men, while tramping
under foot the principles which car
ried them to the highest gifts that
the "people could bestow!"
"You hold, then, that your line is
that of true Democracy!'!
"as i saia on tne stump and in
the House of Representatives, a bet
, ter Democrat than I does not breathe,
but I mm for Democracy as the fath
er taught it as Jefferson and Jack
son taught it which is that verr
man should have his share of the
country's prospeiity and protection
ana mat no man or set of men should
be allowed to monopolize either the
money or the privileges of the peo
ple." LOOKING FOB A BREAK.
"Do you expect any serious divi
sion between the Democratic leaders
on the currency issue!"
"I think Mr. Cleveland is going to
precipitate a conflict between his
views and those of the Southern and
Western Democrats on that subject.
He is in favor of a bonded debt. Na
tional banks, gold standard and all
that Wall street schedule of finance,
but the Southern and Western Sena
tors and Representatives have come
directly from and are, in the main,
in touch with their people. They dare
not go batk on their pledges, when
it will be a question with them of
obeying Cleveland or the people.
The presumption is that they will
exercLie their judgments rather than
subordinate their views by catering
to those of Mr. Cleveland. Such meu
as Bland and those of his class, will
be compelled to fight Mr. Cleveland
as strongly as we have fought him."
IF FREE COINAGE SHOULD COME.
"Suppose the Democrats should
enact free coinage of silver, what
then!"
"If free coinage is adopted , we
ought not have any jealousy as to
who does it. The right thing ought
to be done by whoever has the power.
If free coinage should come and the
National banks have their monopo
listic privileges taken away, and the
volume of the currency is made to
meet the demands of the country,
that question would be taken out of
the range of party politics to a very
large extent, if not entirely."
A SATISFACTORY TARIFF REFORM.
"What is the extent of tariff reform
that would be acceptible to you and
to your friends, should the Democrat
ic party endeavor to meet their de
mands in good reason?"
"While I am a free trader and ex
pect to adhere to that view, yet I
think if we had an income tax which
really taxes, and put a reasonably
large assessment on large incomes
and grew with the income, and the
tariff should be so adjusted that the
duties fell largely on articles of lux
ury and left the necessaries of life on
the free list, the great bulk of the
people would be satisfied with such a
system. Yet I do not believe the
whole people will ever be satisfied un
til articles of necessity are untaxed
for, until this is done, the taxes will
touch a large number of people, and
they will protest against them, and
ought to protest."
THE RAILROAD QUESTION.
Mr. Watson dwelt with earnestness
upon the tremendous powers held by
the railroad corporations, and ill us
trated their exactions and oppies
sions with many aptly put instances.
I think," he said, "that, to a very
great extent, the Southern and West
ern members of Congress are in favor
of stringent control of the railroads.
The difficulty is in getting a law that
will control. Every time a law is
proposed that promises it even in
the Georgia Legislature it is defeat
ed. The Georgia Legislature, I re
peat, has been unable to enact such
a law, though it has made repeated
attempts to do so. As to. Congress,
I have no idea that either of the old
parties will deal with that question
from the standpoint of what is best
for the whole people, because the
councils of the parties are largely
dominated by men who are conti oil
ed by those corporations. Suppose
a satisfactory bill should pass the
House, how is it to get through the
Senate! Each party in the Senate is
controlled by men who as closely
watch the interests of these corpora
tions as an attorney ever watched
the interests of his client. The elec
tion of Senators by the people would
be only initial step toward any practi
cal legislation along that line. Re
organize the Senate and make it a
popular body, rather than a club of
millionaires, or Senators on the pick
et line to watch the interests of some
enormous corporation,and the reform
of this railroad evil is but a question
of time. I think the rank and file of
the Democratic party, at least South
and West, are in favor of such re
form." CLEAVAGE AND CO-OPERATION.
"If the cleavage in the Democratic
party that you anticipate should oc
cur, what are tne probabilities of a
co-operation between the anti-Cleve
land element and the Fopuhsts! "
if a cleavage should come on
those questions as indicated between
the Southern and Western Democrats
on the one hand and the Eastern
Democrats led by Cleveland on the
other hand, I think the probability
of harmony between the People's par
ty men and the Southern and West
ern Democrats would be very great.
My intercouse in Congress with men
like Dockery and Bland, of Missouri,
Bryan, of Nebraska, Bailey, of Texas,
McLaurin. of South Carolina, Lewis,
Mississippi, and various others . who
are loyal followers of the Demcratie
party, assure me that those men re
ally agree with us in everything ex
cept tne sub-treasury and govern
ment ownship of the railroads.
have heard a great many Southern
and Western Democrats say they
were astonished to see how little dif
ference there was between a North
ern and Eastern Demoe&rt and an
orthordox Republican. I think it
will be only a question of time when
the great majority of Southern and
Western Democrats will see that the
Populists are substantially right.
and as against these Northern and
Eastern gold-bugs they will find
way in which we and they can act
together. It is most unfortunate that
as yet we have not been able to get
together, for the only combination
that will enable the South to act as
she should on these great' questions
is a union of the great masses of
the oouth and W est upon common
purposes and solid action. On most
questions the views of the Western
man are identical with ours. They
think as we do, talk as we do, fee.
as we do and their pocketbook inter
ests are the same as our own.
"Northern and Eastern Democrats
do not talk as we do, and their inter
ests are diametrically opposed to our
interests. It U utterly tsnpoib!e
for the two wings of th Democratic
party to unite on tb"s limof legis
lation of which 1 have posn
When Southern and Western Demo
crat will fight for these reform, the
Northern and Kastern Democrats
will fight agairnd them. Every
Southern Democrat will tell you so.
The great question, then, is will the
Southern arid Western Democrats
allow themselves to be dominated by
the minority element in their paity",
who have no sympathy with their
opinions and no regard for their in
terest! I do not think they wi'.J,
and, when Mr. Cleveland forces the
ifttme, he will grt the worot of it. I
think he will draw oft into his. party
all those men up there in the North
and East, while the libetal and truly
Democratic elements in the South i
and West will gravitate together
with the Populists." j
THERE MUST HE A PARTY OF THE
PEOPLE.
"What is your view of the future!
of the parties in this country!"
"I consider the Republican party
is done for, and its element must
seek new affiliations. By the ap
pointment of Greshani to the Cabinet, j
Mr-Cleveland has opened the dr
to the least radical of them to come
to his view of politics. But there
must be a party between where the
Democratic party now stands and
the mass of the people. The Demo
cratic party has come so near to the
vested inteiestn of the country as to
win their support, and by so far as
they have done this they have ousted
the Republican party from standing
ground and vacated its own ancient
vantage place as the people's party.
So it is that the old line Republicans
must either act with the Democratic
party or close up their shop. Yet,
there must always be two great par
ties in a country like this, one rep
resenting in the main the vested in
terests, corporations, etc., and the
other representing the great body of
the people. The poor, the misera
ble, the debtor class, the unprotected
people will always bo large enough
to demand one. The Democrats, as
now controlled, represent the vested
interests, and a new party is neces
sary to represent the people the
debtor class, the dissatisfied, the re
formers. That is the ground the
Populist occupy, and they are just
as sure to receive accessions as we
exist; and this great popular wing
of the Democratic party, represented
in the South and West by such men
as those I have mentioned, will
gravitate toward us, or come to some
ground on which we can mutually
act. just as sure as they remain true
to their present conviction of co-operation
and harmony in the people's
interest."
WATSON'S PERSONAL PROGRAMME.
"How do you feel personally with
regard to your past experience and
present position!"
'I would like to say, personally.
that I came home with no bitterness
toward anybody. I have nothing
ahead of me but an earnest desire to
advocate the views I think to be cor
rect with moderation and in that
spirit which concedes to my antago
nist, a conviction just as honest as
that which I hold for myself. I de
plore the mixturmg of personal bit
terness or private rancor in the dis
cussion of these very important
questions. So far as I am concerned
there shall be none- While ljregret
the tone that the press and some of
the Democratic leaders have adopted
toward me, I have no disposition to
retaliate, and I trust the time will
come when we can debate these
issues without the intrusion of any
such disagreeable elements. I need
rest and time to give attention to my
own personal affairs, which for two
years have been neglected.
NO SPEECHES UNTIL SUMMER.
"I will make no speeches at
all
until summer. I will give attention
to my paper, which now has eleven
thousand subscribers, and is growing
in circulation daily, and when July
comes l will go out to canvass every
section of the State, asking simply a
rair neanng on the merits of the
questions at stake and that courte
ous treatment to which I think I am
entitled and -which I have alwavs
given to my opponents. But as to
lea vmg the People's party, no sueh
thought ever entered my mind.
mi , -
xnese principles are Jhe same as
when 1 embraced them and the peo
ple are the same. And the rank and
file of the People's party have been
so splendidly faithful to me and stood
oy me wirn suen loyalty in every
crisis that 1 would be lost to all sense
of shame or honor if I deserted them
or. their cause. I would rather have,
just as I now have, the confidence
and esteem of the plain, common
people of Georgia, those who first
gave me position, who first bestowed
honors upon me, than without this
esteem and confidence, have the
highest office which any party on
earth could give me. I am willing
patiently to abide the time when our
principles will do that which I am
confident is in store for them win
the support of the overwhelming ma
jority of the people of this country
ALLIAXCK SPEAKING.
Bro. J. T. B. Hoover will address
the brethren at the following places
on the days named' in behalf of the
Business Agency of the State AHi
ance : .
CHATHAM COUNTY.
Harper's X Roads,
Egypt,
Pittsboro,
Moncure,
Bells,
Belle voir,
Cheek's Shop,
Siler City, :
April 28
" 29
May
. Speaking at 10 o'clock a. m.
No appointment for Harnett has
been received from the County Secretary.-
Sample of Shoes, clothes, etc. will
be shown, and the benefits to be deriv
ed by the purchase of supplies, es
pecially guanos, through the agency
will be fully explained.' Only four
appointments in each county. Let
those near the places of srfeaking at
tend. Speaking at 10 o'clock a. m.
pther appointments will follow
. Fraternally
W. H. Worth, S. B. A
3lav Ulk ftboat oman'i riicrt
At tboujrh it ht a limtt.
Tl wr not a plmcm to rtnb or Kcrn.
Tbrw'i m tk to imanktn4 fit,
Tber's not t-knjr or a woe.
There's not Lint ye or n
Tber' ikI a hfe. a oeaUt or hlrlk.
That hat a frailer weight of worth.
Without a vomtn to It."
MOMlCAL MtTt.
Mta twfal liU la Krvatl-A
rrrtly U riirr.
Don't han up, or wrap tip, or
tuck away nhings." (live the gown
ou think of discarding, a god in
epoctiou. If it is really worn out
you are really ready to gtve it up en
tirely, and if is of uiakrial and kind
to be of service to pome one else,
have it put in order and give it
away. It is hard enough for poor
folks to keep tidy, without flopping
to sew up reuU, and put buttons on
gowns given to them, and it i a
poor retki lion on your own tidiucss
to give a Own that is out of tk-ams,
etc. If the dress is in good condi
tion so far as ttyk and material
goes, consider the advisability tf
having it cleansed or dyed jast a it
is. If out of style, but of good matt-rial,
rip it nd hove it cleaned
When it comes hack wrap the stuff
HOUSE WRAPPER.
up and label clearly, the number of
yards, the color, the material, the
condition. Then never- buy or plan
a new dress without consulting the
trunk or closet where dyed and
cleansed things are. Soft, all sill
goods cleanses till it falls to pieces.
So, if you will consider the wear you
get out of the material, you will" be
more economical to buy fine silk
than common oualitv. Li?ht col
ors clean better than dark. All wool
goods may be renovated to the last
thread. Good silk will dve almost
ike new. Silk crepe both cleanses
and dyes not the mourning goods,
but chiffon crepes, crepe de chine,
etc. Accordion pleatinir leaves creases
n silk, but not in crepe. Lace will
cleanse, but it is always a little stiff
or a while after. Silk ribbon mar
be cleansed and dyed. The really
wise woman seldom buys "black, for
that is what all her goods come to m
the long run. Thus a woman should
always have a black costume that is
the prettiest in the world.
How would you like a wrapper of
pale blue flannel, trimmed with yel-
ow lace and pale blue ribbons, and
made upas indicated by the illustra
tion? In this model "wrapper the
back has but one seam in the centre.
It is very bias below the waist as the
skirt has but few pleats. The fronts
are very full and fasten with a full
rucningof flannel, sewed to the skirt
on both sides. The arrangement of
lace is alike back and front,
and there is a bow of ribbon
behind similar to that in front, but
with shorter ends and loops. The
sleeves are quite full and have ruch-
mg like that on the skirt, around the
elbow. The outer seam is left open
about one and half inches.
Estelle.
Kegnald de Koteo'a nrw walls, which dm
hears played on so mauy piauo3 now
adays, has proved so popular with
voung women that a second edition
of the April Ladies' Home Journal,
containing the music, has been found
necessary, the first edition of the
magazine consisting of 700,000 cop
ies.
Following Mr. HowelU lead apparently.
both Frank R Stockton and Mrs.
Frances Hodgson Burnett have gone
over to The Ladies' Home Journal,
and the most important works bv
these authors by which tnev are now
engaged, will shortly see publication
in tnis magazmo.
Ignorance a a Fad.
One curious point about our younz
people of the upper circle nowadays
is their intense pride of ignorance.
To know anything or to have read
anything is, with them, to be a fooL
lne boys who fail to get into the
army are not laughed at as asses, but
are condoled with as victims to a
hideous system. The idea of sitting
through a serious play is scout ted
with ignominy, and even to know the
current news of the day, to have read
Mr. Gladstone's speech", or to have an
opinion on the Uganda question,
("Where on earth is Uganda?" would
be the chorus) is to render yourself
suspect A wretched youth at a conn
try honse full of voung people incau
tiously gave an opinion on bimetal ism.
Dire was his panishment. For the
rest of his visit he was treated as one
afflicted with leprosy. Bnr, after all,
the affectation of ignorance may cure
itself, it is the general employment
of indelicacy and the casting aside
of maiden modesty in the pursuit of
young men which makes one almost
despair of onr girls. London Times.
6s
- WAST JL TEACHEK. -
The people at Boomer, Wilkes Co.,
want a School Teacher. Address,
. Johx S. FtrKGKBSOX,
- ' ' Boomer, N, C
ron iron
IHAUhl' 1 IV
KJliV
BY THE VARIOUS AUiANCCS WHM R.
FCREXCE TO THE ALUsKCF. CHJLITf R
Aad 4Mb Matter fcj Ik lfUI.
twre.
Utthrfie4 Cvwatjr.
Lotus Store, X.C.. April 1 4th.
lKiJ Mr, Marion IUtlku. ltxu
Sir am H;toTMicK:--l,h4 find in
i'ImmhI resolutions adopted by V
It id go Alliance whir It you Ulp!a
publish.
At a rrgulr nwtiojr f IVa RUlf
Alliance No. 012 brld on April th
Mh, 1MJ3. the following rr!utto&
wcrv unanimouly adopted;
Resolved, That we condemn in
the inoitt d 'iiltxl maimer tho action
of the Lgilaturo of North Carolina
in putting its unholy hands on our
l$uinf Agrney Fund.
2nd, That a copy vt this rt dution
W sent to the Prgrriv Farmer
and Caitamax for publication.
U, R. Far.KMAK, Pre'. '
W. O. Baker, Soe'y.
Hertford Canty.
Kt-solutions adopted by Hertford
imty Alliance iu county nice ting
April 13th. lSIW:
Whekkax, au attempt a made
by the last Legi-dnttiro of N. C'.t to
diorganie tht organization known
as the Farmer' Alliance bv repeal
ing the charter in tho 1(oum Am!
Hnitlly by amendments of both liouwa
to break up the Uusine Apcnry
through which tHmr our rduf finan
cially. Therefore
Rksolvei, That Hartford county
Alliance condemn such legislation
as undemocratic, unrepublican, vi
eiou and cowardly.
'2nd, That we will hold the mem
bers so voting responsible and w ill
not forget them in the future.
'.ird. That if any of the fund of
said Rusinetitt Agency by any mem
ber of our vounty be withdrawn we
pledge ourrtelves to replace the same.
K. T. Snipes, l
Jt' i.ian Ukowx, Com. on Ren.
Jas.T. Griffith, )
TIIK101.U)W.0 ItKHtlM'TIOXM WKKK
ADOITKI) 11V WAYNKCOl'MTY AIXL
AM'K.
Whereas, Wayne county Alliance
has seen with regret tho action of
the last Legislature iu its attempt to
single out from among the eopora
tions and organizations of the state
the Farmers Alliance to seek'to de
stroy its usefulness. Therefore bo
it
Resolved, That wo condemn in
no uncertain terms the action of
said body in thus seeking to destroy
our beloved order.
2nd. That we regard the action of
that body in refusing to pass tho
amendments to the charter offned
bp the officer! of the order to cover
any complaint or excuse for com
plaint that might bo ranted against
the order, and in passing the amend
ments that wero parsed as showing
even a deeper scheme of tieeking to
destroy tho usefulness of our beloved
order.
Resolved 3rd, That a copy of
these resolutions be spread upon tho
minutes of Wayne county Alliance
and that a copy of the same be sent
for publication in the county papers
and Progressive Farmer, with tho
request that all papers in the Stato
friendly to our order copy
K. T. Crawford,
)
J. II. Caldwell, Com.
T. 15. Parker. )
A true copy verbatum.
J. A. Stevens, Co., Sec'y.
KESOU TIONS or W HITE OAK ALU'
ANCK NO. 33.1.
Sampson County", N. C Mr. Edi
tor. Dear Sir and Brother,
Seeing several articles in The Cau
casian and Piogressive Farmer ex-
f laining to us the action of the last
legislature in attemptiug to repeal
the charter of the State Alliance and
distroy the Agency fund, and be
lieving that it was uncalled for;
comtemptible, cowardly and inex
cusable, therefore be it
Resolved, 1st. That we do solemnly
enter our protest against such Legis
lation and brand tho members of
the house that voted to repeal the
charter as unfair and unjust.
2nd That we pronounce the Senate
as more unjust than the House
for amending the charter as they
did, believing as we do that they bad
the same power and right to amend
in the same way all Railroai charters
and failed to do so
Jrd W e further charge: tbeoi with
unfairness in that they claimed to be
very much interested as to the safety
of the Agency fund, and at the same
time wosting the peoples money of
the State iu appropriating large am
mounts to several uncharitable pur
poses. 4th e have an ever abiding con
fidence in all true Allianeemeo, we
do not believe that any but our ene
mies will draw from the agency fund
their contributions, but if a member
in good standing of White Oak Alli
ance does draw out his mite, we
brand him as unttue and ask per
mission to replace the same.
5th That we will stand by the prin
ciples of our noble order and farther
its usefulness in benefiting the labor
er when in our power to do so for we
see now very clearly that the money
power and our law makers arc m
oined against us, and that failure on
the part of the eommittea appointed
to investigate an report on the num
ber of employees and salaries of offi
cers to the last legislature is an eye
opener. '
Adopted by tne w nite uas union
Alliance composed of the following
sab-Alliances: White Oak, Salem,
Ryes Bridge, Anders Chapel, Honey
eutt, Eureka, Oak Ridge.
F. M. White, F. L. Owen, R. C.
Fann', H. J. Cooper, J. H, Fisher,
W. R. Owen. Jordan Sessoms, 8. A.
Howard, committee.'
A. T, Herrixq Pres.
E. L. Crumples, Sec'y of Union.
6th That The Caucasian and
Progressive Farmer are hereby re-,
quested to publish the same.
IC.
'I
K. L. csumplxb,
E. D. Ukdkbwood, Com.
T.LOwis..
This April 8th 1853,
r- - I
4
    

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