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0 / 75
JLL iL M H j
j plTOirS CHAIR.
:. . :'. OF THE EDITOR ON THE
: VsJES OF THE DAY.
. . ,.t noticeable that the newa
:i, ,1 tlif men who harp about
rr:!i'ttors of the State JJufii-
,;.-v not -tting hack the
V(, ,!it contributed, should he
a iiii.jut the depositors of
th.it have broken, and who
,,-t. Ix avily. The men who in
the Mate J'uisine.-is Agency
, not ar. an investment to pay
i ,iilenl.s but to pay dividends
-Imp- f improved trade ar-
,,,-nH. In fact the contribu-
-,-tnicted the State Busum-hs
, not to run the business for a
iiiit at cost, so as to save as
;.- possible for the rank aiid
th.-people. No man contrib
. - pec ted the return of the
i v. lie gave it a3 a free gift,
in. ii who deposited or invested
i, inl earnings in banks did eo
eiu ity and interest or cash
:.!!'!-. They have lost all and
v. . : no benefits in the meantime.
!... partisan paper.f continue
Uiny; misrepresentations, they
! ..t be surprised if men even
ir own party lose conlidence in
,i ' - :
11'.- lii ard a politician say the oth
er -Sav that if Vance had to wr'te a
!,-!!. !' In- might have addressed it to
.nine indy of business men. That
tin- . tii ruble Senator addressed his
I-tr.r to a County Alliance is no
ii.. -;lit in the eyes of the machine no
sma.l grievance. And worse than
.il! that in the same letter he should
Im- guilty of the high treason of com
iiii hiling the Alliance for going into
j.nlili , s to correct evil and oppres
sor legislation as well as to demand
When the machine does not deny
tiie correctness of the views of Sena
tor Vance nor dare to question his
democracy, yet express great fears
that the expression of such sound
pure democracy will help the l'eo-
I pie's party, it is a strong admission
'that the People's party is right or at
" least contains more democracy than
the Deinoera'ie party.
If Vance is right and the expres
ion of his views helps the People's
party, then the People's party must
right; if his positive views ex
pressed hurt the Democratic party
then the party must be wrong.
As strong and emphatic as Sena
er Vance's two letters on silver are,
lei the people take notice that there
one iuportant point on which he
ilul not express himself. He says he
is in favor of the free coinage of sil
ver hut he does not say at what
ratio. If this point had been raised
we believe ho would have spoken out
frankly and said he was in favor of
the honest and constitutional ratio
.f k; to l.
The X. Y. Times says that the de
positors who have foolishly made
runs on banks are beginning to learn
some sense. It is needless to say
that the Times belongs to that class
lit' papers that sneers at the people
and serves monopoly. We have
smiie of them in this State. We sup
pose the Times would be happy if
it In- people would quietly sit down
on! allow a bank to embezzle all
bet the people remember that
there ate other Alliance Demands
J 't'sides the free coinage of silver at
?be ratio of If. to 1. and that the
opk. will never get justice till they
f "ffi-ring frc
f that b
"o are enacted into law. We are
om other painful evils be-
irouerht on by the hostile
WAKE NO COMPROMISE.
The gold men ate now beginning
0 bar that they can not completely
'elnoiii -tiM uilvrr so tlieu nre liprrin-
"i)'r to talk of si nnninromise. l'hev
'beginning to talk about thecoin
gc of silver on a ratio of 20, 22 or
1 to 1. M:iehinp crnblburr nanprs
j...0 j r
ike the Charlotte Observer express
Jheir pleasant surprise that Alliance
'emocratic congressmen should so
vadily agree to this. Monopoly and
ne money power are ever at. wnrV
ying to gain a new advantage of
'he people; when they find that they
cWt get all they want just then or
now, they begin to talk about com
promise. And every one of these
compromises is one notch nearer the
monopolists and one notch further
from the people. On the silver qnes
on let the people stand by 1G to 1
flake no compromise Agree to
nothing less. Eternal vigilance ia
he price of liberty.
If you want The Caucasian for
whole year, send ua one of those
cent silver dollars and we will
ake it for 100 cents. Don't vou
ish that there were more of those
The straddling fellow who preside
over the three-headed newspaper at
Raleigh, in a recent issue ha.- the
"Yesterday for the first time since
1800 a period of ..' years, a Demo
cratic Congress met in full political
accord with the president."
In the Very nxt column the same
straddler prints these paragraphs:
"There are some four hundred
men in Congress, and each man docs
his own thinking and in a measure
represents the local interest of his
people. There are probably fifty
gradations in their lines of thought,
and so for the present all is chaos
Nor will the message, of the Presi
dent clear the horizon. Wlmt ttit.
President proposes to say has al- i
ready been discounted, and though'
there are many w ho will stand with
hiru, it is hardly probable that a ma
jority in either house will he ready
to do so at an early date."
It is not easy to see, i? the con
gress is in "full political accord with
the President," how it can be "hardly
probable that a majority in either
house will not agree with him.
Of course the straddler is ary way
and all ways in the expression of his
opinions, and seeks to keep in with
both Vance and Hansom, whose
views and methods are as different
as can be. But the extracts given
show the distraction of the Demo
cratic party in congress and the
country. They have secured politi
cal supremacy by down-right lying,
pretending to the people that they
mean one thing, when they are de
termined to do another.
THE TURN COAT SECRETARY.
When Secretary Hoke Smith (a
member of Mr. Cleveland's cabinet)
was booming Cleveland for President
in his paper, the Atlanta .Journal)
it charged that Senator Hill was in
favor of the repeal of the present
law and that Cleveland was not We
clij) the following from an editorial
January 2d, 1892:
"Mr. Cleveland is in favor of let
ting the present silver law, which
provides for the coinage of 52 mil
lion dollars, a year alone, (iov. Hill
is in favor of repealing the law that
would contract the currency and that
would he deplorable. Mr. Cleveland
is a better friend to silver than (Joy.
To-day Secretary Hoke Smith in
his paper says that the present silver
law is a bad thing and that it ought
to be unconditionally repealed. And
yet there are people W ho will con
tinue to take such papers and be
lieve what they say. How much
longer will the people suffer such
treachery and duplicity?
THE RATIO-PARITY DODGE.
The gold bugs are beginning tr
fear that they can not repeal the
present silver law "unconditionally.
so they are getting ready to hang
on to the next peg. They are be
ginning to settle down on the ratio
parity dodge. They want the silver
dollar (if they can't kill it) measured
by gold. They want the gold dollar
to measure, to buy more silver, just
as they want it to buy more cotton,
more wheat and inore tobacco. In
stead of 1G ounces of silver to one
dollar of gold, they want 2i ounces,
just as instead of 8 pounds of cotton
to one dollar of gold, they want 1(5
pounds of cotton to one, and so on
with wheat and tobacco. The peo
pie are catching on to this steal. Let
the people read, watch and pray and
vote like they pray. "Eternal vigi
lance is the price of liberty !"
A NATIONAL CURRENCY THE BEST.
In a speech in the Senate in 1837,
John C. Calhoun said:
"It appears to me, after bestowing
the best reflection I can give no sub
ject, that no convertible paper that
is, paper whose credit rests on a
promise to pay is suitable for cur
rency. Bank paper is cheap to those
who make it, but dear, very dear, to
those who use it. On the other
hand, a national currency, while it
would greatly facilitate its financial
operation, -would cost nothing or next
to nothing, and would, of course,
add much to the cost of production,
which would give to every branch of
our industries great advantages both
at home and abroad. And I now
undertake to affirm without the least
fear I caii be answered, that a paper
issued by the government, with a
simple promise to receive it for all
dues would form a perfect paper cir
culation which could not be abused
by the government ; that it would
be as uniform in value as the metals
themselves ; and I shall be able to
prove that it is within the constitu
tion and powers of congress to use
such a paper according to the most
rigid rule of construing the constitu-
'John Sherman a patriot."
isew York World.
IM VOU WANT TWO PAPERS?
We will send you for one year The
Caucasian and any of the following
papers for the amount opposite:
Dakota Ruralist, $1,75
People's Party Paper, $1,75
Iowa Farmers' Tribune, $1,75
National Watchman, $1,35.
For the above amounts we will
send you two papers one year.
Goldsboro, N- C
TO THE POINT.
' HAYSEED: R" MAKES MANf TIMELY AND
TIIK VAX K C4MI-AK.S IMH.I S H1V
AI.K s VAM'K-. ItKAl. MKss.Mit;.
Mi.i-nKHr .Unii--Itan..m ;t hi.
l liun.lrranil nnr !-!( Huh l-n iwt
Hit. I ln -.enf --Oetiiiltion of llourboii
Ilfliii.i rat-Tlip war ami I lie Solution.
I!V H A YsE EIiKli.
With c haracteristic gall and mean
ness some of the bourbon press in
this Suite are abusing and criticising
Vance because he btands squarely
and honestly on the Democratic
platform demanding the free coin
age ot silver. Ihe parrots know
only one tune: "stand by the admin
istration platform or no idatform."
Thty forget ungrateful fellows
how, in the last campaign Sim
mons dragged Vance from his sick
bed when the old Democratic war
horse was too feeble to raise his
voice in behalf of a then "lost cause."
They forget the shout that greeted
nis venerable presence at the Mor
gan ton rally, echoed and re-echoed
in tiie western mountains until elec
tion day. It goes for nothing with
a muzzled and labeled, hirling press
mai in auvocaung me xree coinage
of silver Vance is advocating the
convictions of a life time. It is
enough for their partizan imbecility
mat ne uoes not wear boss Cleve
land's Wall street collar. Does a
political party championed by such
contemptible leadership deserve to
live. .No, no, no!
Simmons sent Bob fJlenn over the
Statt, as the bearer of a message
from Mr. Vance to Marion Butler in
the last campaign. It brought the
sweat from him in great rivers every
time he went through the nantoiii
ime, but he endorsed it manfully.
At times he was pathetic, as many
of the readers of The Caucasian
will remember. Ihe fact that Mr.
Vance sent no message did not alter
the imprcssiveness of the lie. Where
is Jiessenger menu now.' Here
is a message to the people from the
old hero himself:
The hanks, stock-brokers, bond
holders, chambers of commerce, et
id omme genus, clamor for the re-
peal oi me oucrman law and urge
thecallingof an extra session of
Congress to assemble and sit during
the dog days for that purpose alone.
Tariff repeal which formed the
chief issue of the past campaign
is thrust to the rear and the in
terest of capital is placed in
Under these alarming circum
stances I have listened, and mostly
in vain, for the voic-e ot' the Farm
ers Alliance sounding their opinions
and w ishes and of those t hey repre
sent, composing fully one-half of the
nation; giving the feejile and va
cilitatino among politicians to
understand what they had to expect
if they betrayed the people's cause
on this great financial question.
It is time vour order was bringing
every atom of its influence to bear.
It should use every means possible
to let it be known that there is yet
another and entirely different world
in the fields and homes of toil, whose
interests demand attention as well
as that combination of money deal
ers, stock-brokers, and gamblers and
speculators who assume for them
selves to constitute the "business in
terests" of the land."
We call upon Chairman Simmons
to bid his messenger bear aloft this
second declaration of independence
that the people may know the peril
that menaces their very existence.
Carry the news to the people who
have been deceived by Democratic
platform and campaign promises.
But it is Messenger Glenn no
longer. No more day sweats and
vapor.bath for "terror Bob." With
a $7,000.00 office in his hot hand he
says, with all other plutocrats: "the
people be d n."
If Mr. Whitney insists on ad
hering to the Chicago platform the
Mugwump papers will accuse him
of "disloyalty to the administra
tion. Washington Post,
Exactly the accusation the Bour
bon press in North Carolina are now
making against Vance. A bourbon
here is a mugwump in New York.
They both wear Cleveland's collar.
The mrgwump wants to be respecta
ble. The bourbon is a dog collar
Democrat for revenue. The prin
ciple in both is "shall the dog wag
his tail, or the tail wag the dog?"
Secretary Carlisle ought to be im
peached, lie has not only nullified
the Sherman law by refusing to buy
silver, according to its plain man
date, nullified the constitution
which explicitly declares that silver
and 'old shall be the money of the
real. It is "a gigantic crime." lie
aid so himself in Congress only a
few years ago. Impeach him. 1 ut
him on the witness stand and con
vict him out of his own mouth.
So thev have got a new dodge.
We have money to move the cotton
crop. liepeai me ounmau in,
quickly. The "you iic-Kie me auu
1 11 tickle vou money uevns logic.
laiusom. xnev say, lost aw,wu m
moving his cotton in the right time.
It was not for the lack ot money to
move it, but lack of "confidence in
When Crisp got to Waahiugtoi last
week he "didn't know nothing no
no bow." Will the Sherman law
be repealed? "Don't know." What
about free coinage? "Don't know"
About the cloture " rule? "Don t
know." He was clear on one point
however. We must have money to
move the cotton crop.
Now watch the Alliance between
G rover and Cotton the crowned
and uncrowned kins'.
My! ain't those Wall street sharks
GOLDSBOKO, X. C., THURSDAY. AUCUTST 17.
ltei-al the Sherman la, ve1, n-
-al it, re-al it quick, with a fhek
silver i;lLl air, to 1 hilt, pi.t-
ting ailvcr where it was before 17 $
where it was before Biitish gold
The time for fret- feil-r argu
ment has pas-d. The hankers and.
boud-hoh-rs argument has brought
the country to the very verge of dam
nation. Starvation prices fr wheat
anu cotton is toe farmers answer.
atch the free t-ilver Ikncx rats
in Congress and we bow thev voteou
the Cleveland-Crisp cloture rule.
Only a little while ago the stool
pigeon editors of the Joe Danieb
strijK? were dragging their princt
albert coat-tails on the "round dar
ing the '-tariff robber" to step on
'em. We don't see those coat-Jail,
any more. It only shows t hat a collar-wearing
editor dare not expre
an honest opinion. Daniels, fr
instance, is paid 50 per week not to
tell the truth. It would seem very
small pay to a man whose vanity
has possessed him with the idea i f
real greatness. But Joseph us is tii-t
built tliat way; he is a statesman fur
Bourbon-mugwump-the twin fraud
is the latest designation of a Cleve
land Democrat. You will find him
wearing a collar with the Cleveland
monogram B. M. stamjed on it in
gold letters. Around the hotels, at
the postollices, at the railroad sta
tions you will find him. It is easy
to identify him. When politics is
mentioned you will hear from him
and you will hear him say "d n
the People's party." No wonder
people marvel at the mysterious and
inscrutable wiys of an All-wise
"To save the South from the hor
rors of a Force Bill," Democratic
Senators voted with the western free
silver Republicans for the free coin
age bill that passed the Senate at
the last session of Congress. Was it
a trade that ended with that Con
gress? Can any honest man take
that view of it? It proves that the
Democratic party wauted the Force
Bill as a campaign issue. It was
the "rebel yell" the Democrats
wanted, and they expected that the
white man vs. the negro slogan
would bring it. On general princi
ples thev didn't want the Force Bill,
or any other bill that would prevent
ballot box stuffing. Every Demo-
c atic Senator who votes against free
silver now stullities himself, repudi
ates his trade and is dishonest. He
brands himself an injrrate.
How is it with Bansom? Did he
vote for free silver to save North
Carolina from the Force bill? Every
consideration compells Ransom to be
consistent. Without the Force bill
there would have been no Piuviom j taken on the present ration of If! to
in the last campaign. He ought toil. Every member of the .North
get down on his knees to the western
C "I . ii. . il 11
nee silver men in me oenaie anu uo
their bidding without manner. They
furnished him with the material
for his campaign speech, and be
owes them a debt of eternal grati-
tude. Wnat say you Senator?
There are howls and howls. Aud
there are howlers and howlers. But ! committed to the '40 to 1. So vhat
how will this do for calamity howl-! eVer else transpires or whatever dis
ing? It was the howl of 1878 aud CUssion may be had the undersland
the howler was John G. Carlisle, 1 i,lSr is that the eonmioditv mHn istn
now the Cleveland-Mugwump-Bonr-
bou Secretary of the Treasury. It
start3 a cold shiver up the spinal col -
umn. head it:
"According to my view of the sub -
iect, the conspiracy to demonetize I
silver whicn seems to have been!
formed here and in Europe to destroy '
by legislation and otherwise from
three-sevenths to one-half of the
metalic money of the world, is the ; He is among the ablest men in the
most gigantic ckime of this on ! House, and his speech was an im
axy other age. i passioned, brilliant oratorical de-
"The consummation of such a
scheme would ULTIMATELY entail
mokk MISERY Ul'ON the HUMAN'
race than all the wars, PESTI-
LKNCE AXG FAMINE THAT EVER OC-
CURRED iNf THE HISTORY OF THE
wnm.n. Th absolniP anil instan -
taneous destruction of half the en
tire movable property of the world
including houses, ships, railroads,
and all other appliances for carry
ing on commerce, while it would be
felt more sensibly at the moment,
would not produce anything like the
prolonged distress and disorganiza
tion of society that must inevitably
result from the teumakext anni
hilation of one-naif of the metalic
money of the world." John G. Car
lisle Cong. Record Vol. 7, page il
Appendix 1878, 44 in Congress.
lo demonetize silver in lbf was
"the most gigantic crime of this or
any other age." Now it must be de
monetized in order "to restore con
fidence" or as Hoax S3 mi ths parrot
says, "to check the depreciation of
our currency! Take the case.
It is to be a billionaire prolit and
twenty-five cent wheat Congress
Strike down silver aud that is the
Repeal the Sherman law uncondi
tionally and so sure there as is a God
in the Heavens pauperism is the
fate of the industrial millions ia
Let it stand 16 to 1, no change in
the ratio. Put silver where it was
business at the same old stand. One
day the clouds have lifted, the next
a "black and threatening pall hangs
over the land." Let Congress recog
nize the fact that it is a death strug
gle between capital and labor a
rich man's war against the tat
plundered poor man and the solu
tion wili he easy enough.
i'THK ONLY MENACE."
The Poor Old Campaign Tariff not in it
A financial condition which is the
ONiiT menace to the country's wel-
fare and prosperity.-Grover Cleve-
ianii..lnne 5th. 1803. tl,
A TRUCE t E T A Tfl II'AS'hS
T CN S0 THE FREE S.'.ER DEMO
IT MHIR I.IXK AN 11 JM T M Kill .
I'lHllK I lit-. AitMIMsTK UHA.
BUT IT MAY KSU IX A CoMARtl.
St RUENUEU OF 1HH, Cl"K (IF
K ITH) OK to TO I Till: I I M.I ll
h.i k (i.ki imi n r.
Pentk THE Pollll.-T l.EAMEK
FUOM ('ol.oHAIiO CI ll UES
V V ,,f, , U 111 , I ii ril., iitlt-l Ihr '!,.-.(
Il-ll t lc.fi.
Iy Jonoth 111 IMwuMv
WAsinxorov. Auust 11th.
It is a sh;trj auit- of politics
that is now bcin played here. The
silver juestioi is jructieilly .-et'l-d
now. The unconditional repeal of
the Sherman law has hardly been a
possibility from the outset of the ag
itation. The administration has af
fected that attitude to conceal its
real purposes. This extra session
of Congress was not assembled with
any reasonable expeetation of re pi -a 1
It meant to Cleveland the liquid.
tion of his campaign obligations 1o
Wall .Street. It will mean to the
people a masterpiece of political
juggelry. With the beginning of
the second week of the farce we see
a complete and abject surrender
apparently of the administration
to the free silver Demoerats. What
does it mean? everybody is ask in"-.
Party harmony is the reply. What
will be the result? A free coinage
bill with a ratio that will demone
tize silver that will establish its
metal commodity that will dis
charge all the govern men ts ob i Ra
tions in gold that are now payable
in coin. What more could Wall
Street demand? What more could
Great Britain's pawn-brokers de
mand. Hut what about the people who
demand the free and unlimited coin
age of silver at the ra io 10 to 1?
Are thev fools enough to swallow
this bait? That is the expectation,
and the terms of the compromise
plainly signify as much. See how-
it will work. The vote willtirstbe
; Carolina delegation will vote touts-
u, t.n;it. rat o know mr :i!...lnt..i v
that it will be defeated. So thev
will vote on the series of ratio.-- im
j to :!0 to 1. The bill will nass in
j i that shape. The House has been
I r ioselv tmlled and it i nn- :m
rertnined fact t hat mainrirv i
j prevail. The attempt to befog the
situation by camnaitrn sneechea will
1 hardly avail. It is a sharp game,
t.ut it will be easv ennno-h to nn.
1 n,asl: it as the farce proceeds.
01 wr iA.
Kayner a millionair .lew and
, Baltimore pawn-oroKer opened ttie
debate on the administration side.
nunciation of silver in any and even-
' orm. -Not content with that he
denounced the National Democratic
platform as "the glittering catch-
! W01',ls of :l political COn Velltioil." He
blistered and roasted the Democratic
! party from head to foot. Jle tore
the old carcass .imbless,
held it up
on the nointof his linger
it in scornful defiance in the face of
the country. It was a bitter, scath
ing impeachment of the integrity
and man hoed of t he Democrat ic
party, but it evoked no resentment
Democratic harmony, you see! Put
for some understanding such a
speech from such a source would
have precipitated a riot in the House.
Every eye was on Bland ths
champion free silver advocate, when
he rose to reply. It was apparent
at once that his voice had lost the
ring of the true inetah It proved to
be an effort without heart or soul
full of meaningless thieats. Why
bluster about leaving the Democratic
party when he agrees to Wall street's
terms of 20 to 1 ratio? This may
be putting the case too strongly, but
the situation as now developed, fully
Bland, of Missouri, is known to
fame as the champion free coinage.
His name is historical in connection
with the agitation of this question
aud the legislation on the subject.
His two hours speech was a disap
pointment. His voice had lost the
ring of the true metal. The tire
and vim were lacking. When he
threatened the Democratic party
with annihilation it was treated as
a joke. And so through the entire
speech. It had no weight, carried
no conviction, frightened nobody,
persuaded nobody. Wheu the 20 to
1 compromise was made the cause of
fiee silver as currency was surren
dered. Mr. Bland must have been
keenly conscious of this in the des
peration of his effort to champion
aud vindicate the people's cause.
THE POPULIST LEADER.
Inconspicuous contrast was the
earnest, vigorous, brilliant speech of
Colorado's young Populist orator
r. i'ence. tlis nret word c
Mr. Pence. His first word " caught
tne ear oi tne enure House.
! ri"Jtu i?tUeri- utr
il-jHv. Ir rd
a a idtblf and hi uUv rmj out
like bl.jlt ttotr. Hi rtJUlH iati.'Jl
clear and distinct aud t-ter
; ::"- ti-isi of tii vouv
j hi ch-juencf. Ths fjxfcn ivm
i Ui uxird the chwt-st attention from
j the tsri-t to the la-t ttrd .tiil
i 11 juuipii oj oraion ami i-.,i-nuij..
I It was (In- !iit m iiati.n it th? .;
d.nt d.-!i-ht of the Muml tunludt
-n.plr wholiiWthejpillrrirtto uf-
Ioa!l.!i. A hull Hi' t mlLit Kiiiior
i-uid aUi'it thf Trjiurv 1 -part'ii nt
jactin- p;in-brok.-r for th- fl.
I v,-r umi.-r, of ( '..I.t.;.!.. 1,..!.. ;
hiuix thrust. lit- taia it might
t f nit t he cnth-nntn knew morv
til.- rwVSHU'jMNi, btlsines. than h' !
' M r. Pi-n did, or it miirht 1 on
ar 1. tint of the practice of thfTiva.
111 v D purti.a-nt to jyw down th
nivii ho brought n r tla-rt- to ll.
llcbhowed how the jn-ople had U-en
deteiveil aiid how both parties hud
Uvn false to their platform pledges.
Was it pofS'ble, he stiid, that the
gentleman from Maryland Mr llax-n-x
uttering theentiin- nfs he did,
ami the gentlemen from Missouri
(Mr. Bland uttering the sentiments
tie did. Were elected last fall on
-ame identical platform? When the
,:,""M',ul V"li 111 couvelij
tion in lssj .lr. Pence continued ;
1 1 .
11 oeciareu its Keller in uuncsl ni n
ey, that gold and eilver coinage of
lie Constitution, and is a circulat-
.i 1 i-.ti-i. 1
itiir medium convertible into such
money, without loss. that meant, !
he s.iiii, ihe ivnionetiAitiou of eilver!
at its old ratio, and it w.vs sitaeci-pt-I
h- the silver producers. Put
even he fore Mr. Cleveland's licet in
auguration that platform had lieeii
deliberately slapped in the face and
spat upon. It was not his purpose,
he said, to follow up the evolutions
of pohtical parties, or to take part
in a partisan discussion. Klected
hist fall hy a people hrave, buovant,
and hopeful, he knew that now their
industries had been prostrated by
the coarse of the past two adminis
trations, by the base surrender of
thn.se who iiad bi-en elected on a sil
ver platform and on silver pledges.
In this connection he quoted Ir-mi
a !-eei-h made by Mr. Carlisle in
the House in 187 to the effect that
the striking down of from three
sevenths to one-half of the ni tallic
money nf the country was the most
gigantic crime of this or any other
generation; and he contrasted that
declaration with the present posi
tion of the Secretary of th Treasury
on the silver iptestiou. The speech
was made, he said, w hen that gen
tleman was a leader, not a follower;
when ne was a sender of
not a bearer of them.
tireat applause followed the con
clusion of the ipoeeh, and hundreds
of members of both parties crowded
around the young leader and con
gratulated him warmly. Mr. Pence
has just turned the " 30 milestone
aud looks n t over 30. llenceorth
he will be recognized as the Popu
list leader in the House aud he will
b- heard from again in the course
f the pending debate.
IMVKKSITV COriiHKS I OK TII.tMl KJJS.
The following course of study in
the University have been arranged
especially for teachers. Instruction
will begiu September 7. Iloaa fide
public school teachers will receive
free tuition, others will pay at the
1'KOKKSSIOXA I. CUCRSKS.
I. The History of Education: An
cient, Media-val and Modern:
(a) The history of educational in
stitutions, theories and methods.
() Criticisms upon the same.
(c) The reading of educati nal
II. The Principles of Education:
fa) Study of laws of the hum m
thought and mental growth of the
fl) Study of selections from philo
sophical literature, the theories of
Plato. Aristotle, Kant, Luke, Milton
111. Educational Criticism:
Educational reformers and critics.
Aualysi- of their arraignment of
IV. Educational Civics:
(a) The teacher in relation to the
school and State.
(U) Relation of the State to edu
(e) Sociological aspects of Educa
fd) State an 1 city systems of edu
(e) School supervision.
H. TEACHF.it'S ACAHEMIC COURSES:
I. Language and Literature; En
glish (four courses), Latin or (Jreek
(each two courses), French or Ger
man (each two couises.)
II. Mathr.natics: Algebra, geome
try, trigone nietrv and surveying.
Ill, Science: Chemistrv, phvsics,
geology, p'iy.i-al geography, phys
iology and botany.
1. History and rhilopophy: His
tory (four couises), psychology, po-
V. Constitution and laws of U. S.,
Constitution aud laws of X. C, rights
aDd duties ot citizenship.
Every teacher and every young
man intending to teach is cordially
invited to this instruction. The
time to enter is either September 7,
1893, or January 4, 1891. I shall be
glad to correspond with persons in
terested in these courses.
E. A. Alderman,
Professor of the Histoiy and Philo
sophy of Education
Chapel Hill, N. C. July 24, 1893.
The Caucasian will get ever
man to thinking who reads it that
is all those whose minds have not
been wholy paralyzed hy prejudice
and blind party worship, aud these
kind of men will not read it if yon
offer it to them.
A ft CK'w :;j.WS CONDENSED m
Irt Ttt VVal. Irutf o arr
f th r t4 proulnrot (i A
( kl WrMliorii, Mtw, 1 n
i lillrr:t -mi' , nf th !tOf'W
Nl'i.V f,lrAat h inl a r.rrul.r
! ! r t-n! thi VU!tm It Horn
lUul.K.nl ol it.
TdThM'rir.flfiLM.u Wrc.Iit.no I
m.I K.l.nr .t ik.iw. ,!... i
l-1 In mj :-irl j kiiutkr-t
Tbr VlLfi4 .l! r. un m-rr MtllS
routri wiiii ll.r ctuk )j. ht. it ibiuU
iif t i.e k ru
Hi niiii.i.i,.r mH! mi ihr
irri-l , rk iiiCiordud fi workmm
M-rr f-ttailr tnir xnl
in (VtntK-r ir(. mi IVnrrr
wit! i.u V tr.l f,r t!.i II
Itiu .f ir lltrc.iitiv
Ttr futl.olir i f l'i!umHti l), vfUr
tiny c. li )''. I t'.e trnlT flflli umioi-r-Mtv
iif H !;. .tilo A Vttn.n' UU.n
a ir:r( 1 l.r ttKup I m brut ttrr
Huii l: ur Vnit rw;-,
Ilinixlal, ( a.
S!i'lit hV t.f -nrttujilake rro frtt
in I '! fot uiJt yrtrrday.
Tin- ittotlirr f Sruntur Jonrt, of Nrv.1
1,1 Srtttt Niciili'a. t'al
r. .tut in, r lit . n a yruow lfvtr"rf,
- 1 i " - . . t
atul ! '01 .....!,'- I.f- it.. .l.u l..i .1.A1
I,,,,-;.,, . Il..b.,r,.an . lrctrio barin.ti
ft M..I..I... AU, a ktllJ by 1 bKk
whlle c-II 111 tI t o if jv.lr
Thr county c-i'iri Ikuiv l IAbrll, 1 ,
whs tr.t toM-J lir tin", with all thr rrctrl
! Im t lnlirttl-lll HU-.H-c!r.l.
riii-n ui'iifti.-t m mill at Fltchhiirz.
M .. rnipioyimj i.i hand, will fir th
',r,'-;"t r"" l,ut thrrr data . wwk;
l riniiu.il jri mtiii Iihvb briiun to Nrw
Yin k HKHiniii fniir b-a-tln iifftorra tif lit
(ti-fuiHl Natioiift! CoMijr company Vtr
juiy U cli irtft"!
rrlilay. Aug. It.
Kx-Miiiit r Khii. of Chile. Im arrlT1
Several aouthi-rn flttct hmr ent AblUltr't
qieo Hiit mt anint l't-iiKacnla. Flu.
Fivr Hi rt- of 1)11 1 lit if iaC Tf ilint royrii
by lir.- In Milwmikrr Li fli.Ono
IrMin T Sm, of ChilllcotUr, uti
lioinhmtcil for K"vrrtir by thr Orinucrata
Thr resiximt ion of a numlar nf prlnctpa.1
rxiirntnrrx ami lirt HNtant r mtnitnrr in
the Mtlrnt oflir lmve Itrrn rr4urwtfl.
Th-H MMtniatrr hnvr Juat hern ap
point el In Nrw
on; Nfrt- Uuilinnt, A. J. Klttlr; Pnna
Kiovr. I) V. Sunimrrill. Jr.
Trie on-.v of ho wiiminer Hrlrn Blum.
twi'n: -il vr in all, rr drowned by tb
writ k of thr vrrniel off 7.i-minoki lalMlida,
ill ti.- Pi i liic.
Saturday, Aug. IS.
lu X.-ijilrs yo-trnlav thrrr. wi-rr tn nr w
t-HM-! of rlmleru and frn drtttha.
Thr KiifMliveof F.ijypt in again qunrrl
nc with hi ministers, and a crlela U Im
Com inandrr-ln-chlrf MTr1.rrt, of Ihe
Grand Army of thr Krpubllc. Uf San
Francioco for tur raat yrtrrlay.
The fuith'-r hi- ubig of the trial of Aotor
Curtis for iin' murdi-r of Police Ofllrer
Grunt, nt ?un FruuciM'n, haa htii ot
poned until next Monday.
A Hiu )inrrt dlipau-h naya that to the
twrnty-four hours rndinR yrtrday noon
thirty-aix nrwcaKPMjf cholera and tliihtcab
dent hs were reported In nrarby towin
Monrtay, Aok 14.
The hrirothnl of Prince John, nephw
of the king of .saxony, to Prllicrss Maria
of W'ui lemlif ri in aiiiioioicrd.
Pi-ince LlMiiarck rwrrlved at KUalngton
yentrrday 6K) memtwn of the bavarian
tfchooluiater4' Iragur, and made a long
Nnar Hatesvllle. Ind .Willianj Schrardrr
playfully jointrd an empty revolrar at
hi sister lOuie, 'ii yuara old. It went off
ami MIhs Schrunler waa killed.
Xi-.'ir Infiucomb. a faahlonable iraortln
Kt l.ind, a cor.ch fillrd with paaaenger
ft-il over a Iimj irrt piroipice. Strange to
hay, only eight were injured, but four may
A cyclr tn the northern part of Ixijcan
county, Kan.. destroyed a lurya amouat of
tirm property. The house of W. II. Jack
foil was demolished and hia two children
STOCK AND PRODUCE MARKETS
Cio.lnu Onolatlena ttt Ilia Nrw Tarh anal
iav Vnim. An. 11. There waa an nnauo-
f-iful Htt.. k on niiuar and other aharva to-
ut.A ....!... I.cnll O. tti.rlln. filn,.. I
t pc . . imi -.1 t!i in t'licini bida:
1- i. wh Vi!.-y V V. NT. Pa
iVu.'i'iiviuU H. A-H. T. com...
I... i n,' I .', H. A h. T. pref..
St i'ku. -Vl r.iuj JJIi
I-inB i N v 17 Ii. L Si W l:V4
Hi u-.m .-K ui 4 .... ttt N. V. antral
I'l K'llIlU l-l L
Ki aitllr t ll
IO-i:lin :lt il
N. Y. & X. E .
,s.. lAi Weal Hh;Tt- IM
s..- I.'-H Laka trie A W. iH
Vi New Jn-er Can- VM
H ' Dl. St Hudoo .11S
New Yoi.a.Aujr. 11. f tala and waatcra flour
d.il:, -v.-bU: i. xtrua, i.VdHX.V cltf mllla
I rti ins, .JJQ,i .V ; iLir lo fancy, J.4Ata4A:
M.i.uooU civur, -.. ti-T; patMOta, VQA.?f)r,
iit.r:liie. f-. V,; llf ml I It,
wint-r vili .-at iv. lo .t im, 1.U&.'.4; paten ta.
f-1.4'ft4: tria,-ljt. S i. 'C(: ra nilituraa. 2.l
i'3 lino. $1 7 ijJ I". aniithvra doll, raay;
colli iuon to fair eiira.$i.li"aMiBnod tocholca
extra. (3.15A4jn. Kf floor. auparSoa.
.tr. V l.e. t fairly at tiva; Aufrunt. TWHo.;
R. ntctn ivr. rv fi-'-'a-.; ilttornjr. 7&&7ZH.:
Detet.i' vt. 7wr : May. KPAtftAtyti. Rya
nominal; wrf.icr. I:. i'Atrix dull, raarrr; 8ap
t. uila.r. I'.Mca.Bc.: t lol;r. 4Wt4Ho. Da
n ibtK r. 4;8.4ac.; No. . 47V404ic. OaU
Di iucr. et; S-ptrmhr. 3.iv3i?u.: Oct bar.
iaj.'C!i':.:iUt, V3i c: wratrin. to.
Pmi.ADfiUlM ia. Auk. ll.-hcefdu.il. ataady;
citr i n iw.f .6 (3;irallT..l(i,ll. fork qtllat,
firto: ni-w tiir.a. fit. OCVS. I.rd raater, qoletc
Hi.-a:n icn-iered. t' 7-i. Halter la good da
innid; NV Yora dairy, l!l2lc.; weatam
do.. USiiic: Elifln. 22-.:Nw Vork oreamary,
:iZ j-. western lo.. itVTtc; imitation crearn
ery. ;4Vv .1V-. c'l.naar biraiy Mra-ly; Naw York
Ui ge wuita. HHc: io . colorad. WV&M-I
i. aioall. ft'o-4"-: tmrt ultima, IMOe ; foU
"..- a. ialc. Lvs la light 4amaad. ataadr;
Yora and I enDsyivania. 17c; wcatarn.
Hai.timork. A or. H.-Kionflulhanchatured.
Wheat qnk-t. kitrber. Cora atoady. ajnlati
a i'e cot q. jy aample, 5Jc : yellow do., ato
i - ;:. 0ia ijtiiet. steady. Rya alow. Hay
iu g'wxi neruand;t;ori(i to ebok-a Umotby. 'tiM
T2 t ottoj nomiDtit: middlini;. c.. Prorlaiaoa
qu-et.aachane i. Butter quiet. ataadr: craam-j-.
ia:i'y, ig,SJjAc.: ilo., fair to cnoico. 10
'-. -; iio , imitation, IHc.t othera nnchaogad.
..- rui at Ita.
nvoitSK THAN HMILMIXIW
When eilver wu demnnptizil hy
the llepublicans in 1873, the white
metal was worth $1.32 an ounce.
Cotton brought 20 cnts per pound
in Atlanta anu ww-at l.ou per
bushel. To-day 1893 eilver is
worth 73 cents an ounce, cotton 7
eentj? a pound, and wheat 64 cents a
bushel. And then talk about a sin
gle eold standard a id the demoneti-
zation of silver ! Bo-h. Wortlmu
f.iolHhnv5, l'ayetteville (lazrM.
L ' 1
(Shersin Law Dicnh th
Cause of All ihe Trctibl.
ft..., mm4 i.
rT? of lit r..nmuiii aiiofi ) lb rl
S affair of th tl f.tjaiMih !. tl
lralJMftt f t t 'tiit1 Matr an. I t, I
lKh WuatMi tot KiuirtM jr rvt' aflr
To Ttii C"' t;r or tmi. I'mtsu
! hi At t To llt'fti- f unilv nu.tf an I
j tnuaorlltftsry bnain itiin..n, i.o..lr
I Ion 1 1 rlfar ar! frets rt t -f a'l ..tit
' laJ'l-f, La t-oinrtralf.rxl n li ti,-rtl. r
! In etra . Ihr ii-j.'r tr o nlm
j In ditigrrwa lo ! tl li.ai ll r...to-li a lr
an.t ilrtair ttrtxtor of I l.r I.. .Iitiir
llulf. Willi bnh lhr M.r!t r, ,rfr.l,
pfUt twf la- ".it tfilr-l an I tlan
fria iLrmlrlill.g tt tiOurr lm ta
Our unffilio st Ir.nrn lai .hkl,l la n.
tbl rraull f wntowanl rri! ii .i ( ri
itlllmia rrlar.l l ir natural hn ht.,
Iifr U It lrr-Mi t aur of tl. ar
wh.rh fnqurtitlT il.rca r.ailonai . rx l h
nj i.r-'rllv NVHh Uuir.HK v'.
lth al.tiudaiit ironlr nf rrni.iirta I
prxKlnr' i.hi ai.'l in.oiu'n. tnr. nli tin
naual lu ii i iti in m:r int tut-ttl ami
with BalUfarfoiv aa.ttrantr lo l.ualiico nf
trpriM, au.lilriitT ftnaiuUl iutrttal and
fpar liare prnin u on rt i ..lp nmrr
utia tin Ji) iil lnlli nt l.ii l.atr ti .( u.l.-.
bf-ratiKC atitin.lnnl a-arla nr r .. im
mmllatrlj availnt'lr to nm-l tit iin..t (
frl;hteiil lrKaiira. Kuriltiiic t. r;i..r
ttona aii1 ttittl -'..) ii a. l ara ittii-ul l. I . i
In tian.1 thr rnoiirT tliv ar kI!i i.t
ltia to loan, att't tin. M- M . rl i. !.
null liiii.tiira ar mi tif. t.. fn .1 1 1 nt
tbi ur1tlr tin T tiftt-r f r ltwtn- n .mli
hertitefntf aal i tai-t "r. itrr Im 1 . ... j M
Cpt-1 Valiut itipw.l lo l nr
faat Ix-roiiiliiK ri.i.J.- 1 1; rat. aiwl ! i.l
falltirv hv litvolti.t mt) I., mill nf
I Ix-hrvi. IhfM. Diinca arr irln ptllf
rharjo-alilo to rm.iim.liiiiiil ii-clt it t..n
tourlilng l b ptirtliaj- ami - t n .. of
ailrrr ly lht g-lill tfnreitimrnt
vlla f Ilia khrrmaa I am.
Thla IrKixtatloil la rniltirl in a atalilla
pnaar.l on lli 1 41 h Any t.f Jtilj, !'.
wkirhiaa tLr rulnili altrn f mm li hkI
tatloti on Ilia atilijm t In vnlvnl, ami tt lil Ii
mmy In roiiaMti-d a t nee, aftfr a loiitf
truimlr, bflaiei-n t lia ail vi t n I of fl-
atlver inlnngr and thirfM Inlrmlin in la
I'nJouhtaillv thr trniitlily piin lia by
tha ofrilfiant of 4, inii nf
llrrr. aitforrrrl lU'.'ltr thai Ktatulr, na
frgarilril hy hrn- Inii irt-il In allti-r iin
(Suction an a rrrlatn ftnaraiit y nf lla iu
creaaa lu prlrf. Thr mailt, linrrr, liaa
KrD rntlrrlr ilinrrriit. for lmmr1tatrljr
follow Iiir a rpaaiiimlir and ulijilit rl-r t Ua
prlcr of allrrr Ix'fiari to fall tlrr Ilia paa
M(f of tlir art, ind liaa alnr rra- li- the
lowaat pnln rvrr Vimwn. Tlila diappiliit
Iuk mull hat led to rrnrwnl ami r
lalrnt afTori In rltrt-ttlon of flee ml tar
Maanwlitlr, not only air tlir rvll rlTrrta
f thr oparat ion of tha prrwiit law nm
t nl 1 j accnmiilatliia;, l.ui tti rt-ult lo
which tta aurctitlorj mnat Irtrvllal.ly Irnd
la txM-iimtnf palpalilr to all lin lvr I lie
loat hard to financial .iilijrrla
To I'rMnta aha I'arll.
TliU law proridra that In payment for
thr 4.Vi0,(Jil ounrra of allrrf Lull Ion
which tLa arrrrtnry of t lir t rrontiry l mi
tnandad t purchaar monthly, thrrr ahnlt
ba laaatd trrttanrjr notra rr.lrnnatilr on di
toalid Id or ailvrr coin, at tha d!.w-ration
of tha trraaurr, and that thr aald
tiotra may lir rrlaaurd It l. howrvrr, dv
rlarrd lu tbr art t lir "tha rt ahlUhnl
jwilicy of thr I'nltrd Stntra lo mMinlain
the ttva mrtala on a parity wlthrarh
other upon thr prrarnt irgal ralto. or atirb
ratio aa may ha proIJrl by latv " Thla
drclarallou ao control the action of thr
arcrrtnry of tha trraa iry a to jirrvrnt
Lla rrcilii tha dUcrrtton noml
nally rratvil In him If hy autii
actlou thr parity lirtwrrn .il.i atnl
ailrar may lr diaturlird Maiiifrt It, a
rufiianl hy Ihr aTrlry of thr trramiry to
pay thraa trraury nira In ifold. If dr
mandl, would iirt-rMiarily rranlt in liclr
diacredlt and drprrrlalion aa nhlliitl'ina
payahlr only In allvar, and would dr.iroy
lubliablnii diacnminaUon tu l-vor of
ll.. nu rl I . lu.l ft... I ' l H..I I,.. a,M.
OaM for llvrr.
Up f tha IMh day of July, 13, thrar
notr bad lx-n ixMird in payoirnt of ailvrr
bullion purchaara lo tbr anionnt of mora
than MT.mm.Ouo. Wbtla all but a rry
Mil a! I quantity nf thla bullion rcinnliia un
coined and without liarf tilm-Mi In thr
traaaury, many of lha tiotra ulvrn lu ita
purcbaaa harr brvti paid In ici'.d
Tbia la iilnairatnl by thratiitctn. nl that
U-twM-n tba Jatday of Mar, and tha
'lMlidayof July, thr i.oU-a of tbU
klnd iitaned ill payment for ailvrr bullion
amounted to a little morn than aM.iMl.iMt,
aod that dunriK tbr Kama prri'.xt aiHiut
49.0nn,(i00 aire puid hr lha treaury In
gold for tha irilrmpiioii nf tich notra
Tha policy iircrnnrily adopt l of paying
tbaaa note in yold hna not .pre. the gold
raarrvt nf lui.ONi,ni 0n.' m-1 ai.lr hf
tbr s-orrriiiiietil lor Ibr rflrmptitui of
Otbrr nota, for tlii fund bnn a i ready lrn
subjected to tLr pyinr:it of i ew ol.'.iga
tiom aoiouut inj lo alxitit HVi.i ), on
account of nil vet pnrvlia'eit. and h, aa a
conT(Urii-., for ihr flrt lime aim Ita
crrntion, bet-n em niii bt-ti npuu
O-.ld l.tviti lr pl.llon.
Wr havr thtia limile thr drplrllon of oir
cn.l ray, and bnv tempted other aud
rim appreciatirc nal iona to add it tu their
tlc. That thr opprtiiuliy w have of
fered Kaa not ln liejlrclrd la fcbowi: tiy
ti.r latkir iiimntu of icold which bare hern
fcrntlr drawn from our trenur ami rx
portad to lncrete ihr litiancial airenK'b of
foreign natiou The ri es of x porta of
froldorrr .talnip .il lor the year ending
Jucr SO. l&Cl. amounted to ruoic than H7,.
Be. wr- n July 1. and July 15.
the gold coin nnd bullion in our treaaurf
lcraad mor than eiK.WMXJU. wblia
durinir the satnr pcrnxl the ailvrr coin and
bullion In tbr treasury increased mora
than intT.fKifl.Otili. I'uieoa jrovernment
bond nra t4 be conaiaritly laaurd and aold
to rrpleiiUb our exhaaatcd gold, only lob
gain ebau.td, it ia appartat that the
operatioo of tha aiWrr purchaaa law now
In force leada to the direction of tba etitira
anbatitution of ailver for tba gold in tba
government treasury, and that this rauat
be followed !y the payment of all govern
ment obllgat on In deprtrciated ailver.
Gold and aila-ar Part Coanpaay.
At tbia atage gold and silver must part
eoinpany aud tha government mast fall la
Ita eatabliabrd polloy to maintain tha two
metala on a parity with each other. Given
over to the exclusive use of currency
freaMy depredated according to the stand
ard of the commercial world we could no
lonKr claim a place among nations of the
firf t claaa,' nor could our government claim
a performance of Ita obligations, so far aa
utch an obligation has been imposed upon
It to provide for the use of the people the
best and safest money.
If, aa many of ita friends claim, silver
ousht to occhdt a larger place in our cur-
I'M I'Mllf I K II. h
1 IIUOIUU.I I U .UUYU
reney and the enrrency of tha world
. Continued on TUrlt-.