North Carolina Newspapers

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C?pie OX the CatTASlAB 3
t , r
NO. 27.
Maj. W. A. Guthrie Suggests
Scino Constitutional Inqui
ries - Acd Shows the Way
,m it finalltiitloiiul lllirlit -I iHlrr ilia iii.i.. ..... ii ( . Ma Make
f llir I niUiU
.o. ami Mltfr
tiil, lnrliillrc
Well MR
Ail in I ntpil i
( antra!"!
Tr,l- Hull""
I ..relit" toll'. Tender
, ail. .11. .f ,ltUun mi'l Tyler
ltd 1 t 'f tiroer t m-
derpffterty being taken
th.n ('
"but gold
tender in
This last ci-
"V- i nti'li .'hull h'lir ji'i'i i r to
niimi i, tnjulnfr I hi' iiilin Ihrnof,
l',,ri i'.'.i ruin.'' S. 1'iiii. tihil'iryn,
VIII, .n ;,!. I.
" Xn Slil'r rh"ll ruin uiuiifij."
S. I 'nnrt it ntimi Sir. Ill, A it nil' I.
"Su Slulr flmll mull null
HIT ;nUASI SI I. Villi ro.v
I. i, 'lit' i,i in ij mi nl i,f ii, I, In.'' I. S.
i ' , ' ii t inn , . .V, fnh. k i r. I Artiilf I.
Tlitt first ami second citations, from tin- Constitution of the
I i:itd States, plainly moan that it
. ngs to Congress, and to Con
tr: alone, to coin money, and to
n filiate tlin value of all American
1 1. ins ns well as to regnlato the value
n! all loreigu coins wnu-n circulate
v. ithm the United States.
It is equally plain from the third
drat ion above, from the Constitu-
10 1' ni ted States, that the
ites are prohibited and restricted
,n milking legal tender laws, to the
unking i.f nothing elsi
, i it silver coin." a legal
tii' payment of debts.
ration above, by plain and necessary
implication means only one thing,
tiiid that is: that any State may, if
it chooses, by its local State legisla
ti mi. make irold and silver coin a
h-gal tender in the payment of debts.
Now what kind of coin is mcanH
Is if. I'nited States coin, or is it for
eign coin, or is it both? Whatever
contention might arise as to foreign
coin i. ircnlating in the United States,
.ir.l as to which the goldbugs have
repealed the former laws, and Con
gress has panned no law now in force
regulating its value for debt paying
purposes; (but has "regulated its
value" as "Money of Account" in
collecting i l viilortm tariff taxes on
imported goods), is thero any man
who could reasonably doubt that
I'nited States coin, (both gold and
silver), is clearly embraced in the
above cited Constitutional provis
ions? And to my own mind it is also
clear that the gold and silver coin of
fotei-'n countries is also embraced
iu the above Constitutional provis
ion, subject however, to the other
provision that vongress may "regu
late its value.
The silver coin of the United
States which is commonly called the
"Standard Dollar," is made a legal
tender in tho payment of debts by
act of Congress; but what is stamped
and known as the "Trade Dollar" is
not ft legal tender in the payment of
debts, either by national or State
legislation, and hence tho "Trade
Dollar" has beoomo an article of
merchandise and no longer money,
or a legal tender coin, in the pay
ment of debts. The "Trade Dollar"
is a United States coin, issued by
authority of the United States gov
ernment, with tho government's
stamp on it, calling it a "Dollar,"
and has stamped upon it "1-0 grains
HUt) fine," and thus answers every le
nuireinent of the United States Con
stitution conferring on Congress the
power to "coin money."
My own opinion is: that it is just
as competent for a State to make
the gold and silver coin of the Uni
ted States, and foreign coins too, at
their regulation value given them by
Congress, a legal tender in the pay
ment of debts within the State, as it
is for tho United States crovernrnent
to pass a legal tender law applying r"ns
to all the States. This is one of the
ie-ervtd rights of a State in the
above Constitutional restriction, for
otherwise the above last cited pro
vision in the Constitution of the
United States would have to read
"No State shall make ANYTHING
a tender in the payment of debts,"
and thereby strike from the Consti
tution the exceptional, and pivotal
operative words which qualify the
whole provision, to-wit: "BUT GOLD
Lvery intelligent reader knows
that all silver coin of the United
oat of the
he&vtflH "Trade Dollar," in which
there C more metal than there is in
the 4 tfandard Dollar," the "Trade
DollaSon that account, baa become
an atNle of merchandise only, and
may ; bought for about fifty cents
on th foliar. I have some of the"e
"Tra' V Dollar-" myself, which I
bougvi from a bank not long ago for
fifty Vent each. Hero then, is a
plain object lesson which it rpciub to
me the mot stupid mind might un
derstand, and me that as to mon?y
metals, the law can elevate or de
press prices and values. My point
is, that tho time has come, if ever,
for the State, each acting for itself,
to exercise the above Constitutional
reserved power of making all silver
coin of the I'nited States, (Including
"Trade Dollars") a legal tender in
the payment of debts. Let North
Carolina, ono of the old original
thirteen States, take the initiative
on this subject, and I would be glad
to see the People's Party put a plank
in its State platform upon this sub
ject. If no other State will follow
us, let us draw to tho money simula
tion of our State the "Trade Dol
lars" now held in our own and other
States, and at least put that much
moie United States silver money
already coined, in circulation, and
give them a legal tender debt paying
quality in North Carolina.
Tho statistics of the United States
Mint show that the total number of
"Trade Dollars" coined was ($35,
9G.VJ24; thirty-five millions, nine
hundred and sixty-five thousand
nine hundred and twenty-four, of
which there were redeemed under
the act of March 3d, 1887, $7,G89,03G.
There have been deposited and pur
chased as bullion at tho Mints $941,
757, making th- total number of
Trade Dollars redeemed and pur
chasod as bullion $8,G33,79.'i, leaving
STILL outstanding: ($27,332,131)
twenty-seven millions, three hundred
and thirty-two thousand, one hun
dred and thirty-one Trade Dollars.
In the good old days, more than
fifty years ago, when John Tyler
was President of the United States,
and before the days of G rover Cleve
land, the Congress of the United
States passed an act which Presi
dent Tyler approved, regulating the
currency of foreign gold and silver
coin in the United States. This was
in tho days when the United States
was in truth and in fact, an independ
ent nation, and before the latter days
when our so-called statesmen were
wont to speak of "international ra
tio, ' "international agreement," and
all that kind of international non
sense, and international treachery
to subvert the libeities of the Ameri
can people. I quote below the act
in lull, and it is interesting to note
that by it foreign gold was made re
ceivable by WEliiHT, and foreign
silyer coin of Mexico, Peiu, Bolivia
and Spain were receivable by
"talk," that is, by number or count,
at their face value as "Dollars," or
"Ono hundred cents."
An Ant KegalaHoK the Currency of For
tilga Cold anil Kllver Coins In tlie I'nited
"That from and after the passage
of this act. the following goid coins
shall pass current as money within
the United States, and be receivable
by weight, for the payment of all
debts and demands, at the rates fol
lowing, that is to say the gold coins
of Great Britain, of not less than
nine hundred and fifteen and a half
thousandths in fineness at ninety-
four cents and six-tenths of a cent
per pennyweight; and the gold coius
of Franco, of not les3 than eight
hundred and ninety-nine thou
sandths in fineness, at ninety-two
cents and mne-tentli3 ot a cent per
Sec. 2. lhat troin and atter tne
. i x t all
passage ot tnis act, tne louowmg
silver coins shall pass current as
money within the United States, and
be receivable by tale, tor the pay
ment of all debts and demands, at
the rates following, that is to say
the Spanish pillar dollars, and the
dollars of Mexico, Peru and Bolivia
of not less than eight hundred and
ninety-seven thousandths in fine
ness, and iour hundred and hrteen
in weight, at one hundred
cents each; and the five franc pieces
of France, of rot less than nine nun
dred thousandths in fineness, and
three hundred and eighty-four grains
in weight, at ninety-three cents
Sec. 3. That it shall be the daty
of the Secretary of the Treasury to
cause assays of the coins made cur
rent by this act, to be had at the
Mint of tho United-States, at leas
onco in every year, and to mase re
port of the result thereof to Con
Approved March 3, 1843."
States, (both "Trade Dollars" and It will be remembered that Presi
"Standard Dollars), are 900 parts dent Tyler while a United States
line in quality, that is, in every one Senator, and before he became Pres
thousand parts of metal to be coined, I ident, firmly supported the adminis
900 parts are pure silver, and the tration of General Andrew Jackson,
other one hundred parts are alloy, and voted against re-chartering the
And this provision applies as well to United States Bank. And when Mr.
the alloy in gold coin. I quote from Tyler became President, he, (unlike
I . I 1 1 A V v
the Mint law: urover Cleveland ot our dav). re
"That tne standard for both gold fused to become the slave of concen-
and silver coin of the I'nited States trated wealth which then, as now,
shall hereafter be such, that of one clamored for national banks, and
thousand parts by weight, 900 shall control of the peoples' currency
. I"- . .111 1 A " -W V . .
ba of mire metal, and I0U of alloy; History tens us max President Wil-
and the alloy of the silver coin shall liam Iknry Harrison, (not our Ben
lost for want of a Constitntional ma
jority. But the friends of a national
bank were not to be deterred from
their purpose by a tingle repul;
another bill, (about the mu in sub
stance), was immediately hurried
through both Houses, under the title
of "The Fiscal Corporation of the
United States," and this also ehared
the fate of its predecessor, and failed
to become a law on account of Pres
ident Tyler's veto."
So, it occurred that the friends cf
a national PanK system or nuance,
failed in 1841 to carry out their
scheme of financial relief, which if
adopted, would no doubt have pro
duced about the same "reliet" which
we now enjoy in our day
under the "relief" of the hun
dreds, and even thousands of
national banks scattered over the
United States, and controlling and
manipulating our currency. I be
lieve we have to day something over
three thousand national banks left.
and in operation since the "Banker's
panic" of J89J. How did the peo
ple during President Tyler's admin
istration get financial relief? His
tofyTlS that when the scheme of the
bankers failed, by reason of Presi
dent Tyler's veto, then Congress did
tho wise and patriotic thing in pas
sing the above cited act in relation
to making legal tenders of foreign
gold and silver coins, and allowing
them to circulate in the United
States as debt paying money, And
as before stated, President Tyler ap
proved this act of Congress on
March 3rd, 1843, and it was the law,
and the people were happy and pros
perous uudcr ir, for years and years
thereafter. To-day, Congress re
fuses to ptiss a free coinage law, and
will not only, not allow foreign sil
ver coin t-; b:come letfal tender in
the payment of debtt; but Consrress
will not even allow silver "Trade
Dollars" which were coined and is
sued by our own government to be
come legal tender in the payment of
debts. And yet, we hear ignorant
goldbugs, who ought to tnow bet
ter, prate about "government credit"
back of every coin; that every dol
lar should be as good as every other
dollar" "honest money," and sucii
like expressions. Is it not time for
the States to wake up and begin to
exercise their Constitutional reserved
rights of making all gold and silver
coins of the United States (includ
ing "Trade Dollars") and foreign gold
and silver coins too, legal tender in
the payment of all debts within
the-State, both public and private?
Would that we had one term, or
one month, or even one week or
day of a manlike Andrew
Jackson or John Tyler in the
White House at Washington. When
John Tyler stood up for the people
against the money power in his day,
he incurred the everlasting hatred
of the money power, just as patriots
who stand by the people are now
doing in our times.
The Historian tells us that: "So
gross and bitter were tne assaults
made upon Tyler that he felt called
upon to defend himself from their
violence; and after declaring his de
termination to do his duty, regard
less of party ties, he said: "I ap
peal from the vituperation of the
present day to tho pen of impartial
History, in confidence that neither
my motives nor ray acts will bear the
interpretation which, from minister
motives, has oeeu placed upon them.
The distressed condition of the coun
try in which we live to-day, under
the system of national banks estab
lished by the Republican party, and
now being fostered and perpetuated
by the Republican-Democratic party.
guided by the joint, leadership ot
Grover Sherman and John Cleveland,
is a most splendid historical vindi
cation of the patriotism, the wisdom,
and the foresight of John Tyler and
Andrew Jackson.
Section 25 of chapter 3i9 of
the Statutes at larg-.i of the
53rd Congress, 2ud session, page
552 reads as follows "That
the value of foreign coins bs expres
sed in the Money of Account of the
United States shall be that of the
pure metal of such coin of standard
value; and the values of the stand
ard coin in circulation of tho various
nations of the world shsll be esti
mated quarterly by tho Director of
the Mint, &e. &e.
The Mexican silver dollar as esti
mated by the Director of the United
States Mint contains (377.17) three
hundred and seventy-seven and
seventeen hundredths grains of
pure -silver and (419 08) four
hundred and nineteen and eight
hundredths grains of standard
silver, which is more of both
puie silver, and more of stand
ard silver than our legal tender
"Statdard Dollar" contains. Then
why should not the Mexican silver
dollar circulate among. our people as
legal tender, debt paying money,
as it did in my boyhood days? The
Japanese Silver "len" contains
(374.40) three hundred and seventy
four and forty hundredths of pure
silver and (41G) four hundred and
sixteen grains of standard silver.
and therefore, the Japanese "Y'en"
Confusion and Collision In the Two Old PartiesThe Wondrous
Spectacles They Present To The People in Their Con
ventions And Committee Meetings.
At tbe Kepnbliean district conven- v e are indebted also tothelhar
tion, held last week at Maxton for lotte Observer for an acc-unt of tb
the puroo.e of nominating a candi- proceeding of the meeting of the
date for Congress, there were most
disgraceful scenes and any number
of fights.
The Charlotte Observer gives the
following in its account of the pro
Amidst the yells a tall, lean, lank,
hungry looking fellow with scanty
beard and dishevelled hair, wearing
a cut-a-way coat, shirt and no collar,
large feet and small pants, stepped
forth. His voice was like a trum
pet. Hia loner arm waved to and
fro, u: and down, and the house be- caucus was originated by tho ex-
. t a rr t rj. ! ii 1
gan to roar witn iaugnier. xnen iremi.r'c sea nearly an or ice con-
came upon the stand a character servative silver men were drawu in
well known to Charlotte. His name it. A proxy was secured for ex
is Rich Lily a long-legged, long- .Judee MacRae and it is n ported
armed, thin, spare-built, coal black that ho presided over the caucus,
negro, about 25 years old. Rich It adopted resolutions which were
Lilly had had his share of mountain substantially those of the State sil
dew, and was nimble and quick. ver convention of September 25th,
Tho hall roared, but a cry came: 1S95, and which by suggestion rather
"I will give any man $5 that will than definite expression favored the
take that d d country scoundrel formation of a silver party. It was
(Covington) off the stage." It is al- agreed to have two State eonveu
leged that young D. B. Sutton, of tions one on the 20th of May to
Wilmington, was the gentleman who elect delegates to Chicago and to re
made the offer. No sooner was the organize and take charge of tbe
sentence out than did a big black, State committee with a view to pos-beavy-set
colored fellow with a Van sible fusion with the Populists later.
Dyke beard step forward to leg Cov- A tnird proposition was to pa
Democrats Maj New Endorse .Sil
ver In Order to Help th
11 raa ll tt ? att f
1 i.I;na brr. rr-l
lor 'i.f hjt t r.! S- r CAB
h y. KtiTK.
io N'w Kr.
Goldbugs Win.
btate Democratic executive commit
tee. There does not appear to be
any "knocking" and "dragging" in
the programme, but there w& as
much confusion, which resuhed ia
nothing. The account is as follows:
"The Democratic Stite executive
committee met in Kaieich on the
night of Thursday, the 9th of April.
On the afternoon of that day there-
was neia in tne oiaco or Mr. eimtn a
T Itichl a lr t l;r.rf Ta l I
It-It lula l'Hn tk .otl tol
of North Carolina To Mrrl tho roofl'
Parly on Common Urann.l-Tbat I'artT
Mas lhi It Ntaad lor Trlnc-lpl.
Can we expect free coinage cf sil
ver from and through either of the
Old parties? I answer no, notwith-
preliminary caucus of the free silver standing the silver organs of thofo
members of the committee. This partus say mat we can; but pat po-
liticl experience, a. well as the ap
plication of a little common Bfne,
says No !
First, co party ha?' ever won a
groat victory wheu it w;s divided.
A divided house -hall not rtaud, so
says ihe higher law. Btu parties
have btea iu power, controlling
nearly every oCice from courtab'o to
Frt: ident. I know the Democratic
party has proraiiid for twentv years,
:t i i i.
u irivea control, mey wouui restore
s:lv r, and liad tney caou n to have
given us free coinage, with the South
and West clamoring for it, we would
have it.
But the fact that they Lad a
chance to give it to ns after the par
ty was pledged to it, and failing to
do so, is good evidence that they do
not intend to do it. And should the
free coinage element control the na
tional Democratic convention, it will
be the most unfortunate thing for
the cause of t-ilver that could hap
pen. If they control it, it will mean
through the committee, that night,
with Butler. At this juncture the
conservatives present came to the
rescue. Great confusion arose and
tho meeting finally adjourned with
out having come to a vote on this
resolution. v
In the committee meeting that
night the proposition for two con
ventions was deieated. I lie propo
sition for a special committee to
confer with Butler was not intro
duced. Mr. Smith's silver resolu
tions were introduced by R. R. Cot
ton and Mr. Sol. C. Weill proposed
as an amendment a pledge to sup
port the nominees of the Democracy,
national, State and local. This was
very embarrassing. Mr. Smith of
fered a substitute reaffirming the
resolutions of the committee on tho
20th of May last. Mr. Weill offered
an amendment to this calling upon
ington, but lo! Was Rich Lily
asleep ? Just as the big, burly fel
low stepped to the stage Rich Lily
planted a fist in his face, and tpread
him upon the seat. At this point
Rich Lily came back and asked the
reportei: Didn't I act like a dele
gate?" and the reporter told him
"yes." The crowd howled and Cov
ington continued to shout. Ho said:
"You may yell, but I'm going to
speak, d n you !" and o he did
Rich Lily was still with him.
Dan Morrison then rushed, hands-on-hips,
to big Bill Sutton! of Bladen,
and jerked Sutton's collar off. Then
the fight was general. Dr. Norment
had started upon the stage and some
friend or enemy had given him a
shove, and landed him across a bench.
His friends carried lum out of the
Rich Lilv was not at ease during
this time. He had alreadv reported silver men to support tho Democrat- land s) patronage in act
three knock downs and a bloody ic ticket, national, State and local, tion, it means defeat
nose. After each bout he made a This did not help the situation of tbe
trip around to the reporter with his extremists. The vote must bo taken
interrogatory: "Didn't I do him on the amendment first. Mr. Frank
ii. w inston called tor tne yeas and
nays and Col. Paul B. Means an
nounced that he would publish over
ueieat lor mo suvcr Democrats un
less they should nominate men who I that the Republicans are now
would be agreeable to tne silver or
ganizations of tho country and the
Populist Party that are to meet iu
convention after the Democratic con
vention meets.
This will hardly be done, as thei
goldbugs will be too strong tc allow
anything that will point to the com
ing together ot tne uvor men, as
that clement will defeat it as it did
in Kentucky.
V ith Cleveland saying that it
would bo best for the Demoeratic
party to be defeated if they declared
for free coinage of silver, and should
they declare for it with his (Cleve-
vo oppisi-
Too tV-fWa l ari; -1 ttooaf Tot., lot.
I Mo r of TkOt4 Parti-, mm Will
Sot S-ott a liM or A fooo Woo
Kuf Tho la rua n
KaImx., N. , May .. V ar
urprt!H4 to rfo tLt ic Krpubli-
catit hare r :ccI t rjorrrtti" ti
crpt u;ca ih polls Ttni The
People Party State eotxituittrr r
tainiy cffvrrd them a Terr fair, abd
more than fair propoaitioo. Th
committee went further in lU effort
to get co-operation thaa the lVop!
Party in tan Motion would rave
gone if it bad btra consulted. hn
our State eommittr offVrrd to ac
cept the position already adptid !?
. a a .. .
Senator i rttcuard and tht voter n
Republican Senators io Congress u
the moKty qaetion ana the tariff, it
certainly was going a !ccg way to
ecure co-operatioc. IIow oaldtL
Republicans rtfue this? Ua the
other hand, tho Republican prop
Mtioj, as we understand it, a to
throw aide all principle aul to 1:0
in simply for a dmion of tffirca.
If our State committer had agreed
to do this the People a Party d )a
beie would not Lave supported it.
I notice that the Republican
are now aiog that Senator Butler
cannot deliver tho Ptotde'. Partv
roters to the Democratic party. We
don't believe that Le wants to do
any such thing. We admire him very
much, but we could not follow him
in that it he was to advise it. Neith
er could he 01 the State committee
deliver us to the Republican partv
if they were to advise it. W left
the Democratic party because it tried
to force us to do the very strae thing
Virion. llalUrt on Wbick Tb
Popular Opinion it Exprttt
ed-All SKtiosi IcttruUi.
right?" and the reporter invariably
expressed his highest approbation of
Rich and his delegate-like actions.
But about this time things began to
look pretty bloody. kThe writer
looked first in the ante-room which
was open at his right and then at the
fight. Only two ways to escape were
left. Either out the two-story win
dow to the ground or leap over the
crowd around the rim of the stage.
The latter was the hardest but the
safest way.He was weighing the two
ways when he looked around and
saw a great big delegate reach down
to his shoe mouth and draw out a
ra&or and throw it open. No longer
was the question of escape debat
able. At one jump the crowd was
over-ridden and the reporter gone.
As he swung in the air his eyes fell
back and saw several pistols slowly
his own signature the name3 of those
who voted against the amendment.
10 vote against it wa3 to put one's
self out the Demoeratic party; to
vote for it was to violate the caucus
agreement of the afternoon and in
terfere with fusion with Butler.
Capt. R. B. Davis and E. J. Hale,
realizing the situation, said: "We
- 1- J 1 A J i P il
are wmppea; let us get out 01 mis
trouble now the best way." Chair
man Pou was appealed to for advice
and 6aid that everything before the
meeting- could be withdrawn by
unanimous consent. This was given
and the resolutions, substitute and
amendments were all withdrawc
ihus tne conservative silver men
again saved the day. lnere is no
Let him and his crowd adopt th
gold standard, so when they are de
feated by the policy he ha.-? puisued.
they wiil see their folly. Should
they adopt a lree coinage platform.
then, when they are defeated tbe
movincr around in the crowd. Sheriff pretense that tne sound money men
Smith had planted a man' a blow by could have done so alone, as they
this time, and yells of "Take 'em were outnumbered about two to
out" were heard. one."
Now, can an-y intelligent man believe that either of thesa organiza
tions know what they are trying to do? Are they worthy of the suppoit
of any man who has home, country and principle at heart? Read about
them, and then answer the questions for yourself.
contains more silver than our own
"Standard Dollar," which has in it
only (412i) four hundred and twelve
and one-half grains of standard sil
ver. Is there any good reason why
the J apanese " 1 en" should not cir
culate among our people as money
be of copper; and the alloy of the of "D orce um notoriety, but Ben's We have driven out of the United
pnhl coin shall be of Conner and sil- hrrandfather, the old hero of "lippe- States tho Mexican silver dollar?.
. .-- . - - - , . . . . , .
ver. provided that the silver do not canoe,' wnom our wuig ancestors i ana sent tnem nacK nome to Mexico
' ... ...a aa i i i a i rt- i . i j a.1 i ' ir.
exceed one-half of tne whole auoy. lovea to nouor;, ooou u m- au mereoy given Jiexico an lm
So. the nualitv of the metal in tne auguration, wnea m times were mense - Doom ana to ourselves cor-
Trade Dollar" is precisely the same financially out of joint, issued a responding depression in business
. .a , a . a 1 T 11 1 I 1 a. AMnviri I -hV rfWACiO I nrtH I fw swvaAnft a.A.nnn J a. A.1
as that in the " Standard uonar. proclamation, cuuvcums wuSicoo i .u.u. vuuBi iiusb to aumit me Hnw abort t the relative weicbt for an extra session on tne dist ot Japanese xen" to our money cir
. " tJ. I - .. . . -in j I l a Trr . m .
of the two coins! The answer is, May, 1S41, to consider - sunury cuiaxion. tve give to ioreign silver
- i
coin, and contains by weight seven
and one-half grains more of stand
ard metal than the "Standard Dol
lar" contains: the "Trade Dollar"
weitrhim? 420 srrains while the
tie "Trade Dollar" is the heavier weighty and important matters, using countries the advantages of
chielly growing out or tne state 01 me ainerence in exchanges in our
revenue and finance of the country." trade relation?, and then go to
But President William Henry Har- work to impoverish the masses of
rison did not live to submit his rem- our own people to enrich the favored
edial plans dvine after a brief classes by building up by protective
" . .... .1... " . m. a" . . .a -m SI I. ' t I 1 A! lif" TXT Tin
Standard Dollar" weighs only 412i illness on the 4th day or April, tana legislation a xanrx w an-
rrain Th "Trade UO &r laere- eiacuv on iuuaiu siier vuiumg tuiu okoiuo iwxoij,u luyimauvn i "!-
for, contains nevm and one-hail olhce, ana rresiaent xyier Demg uiaciureo. guuua
fa 1 tVinn A no th then the Vice-President, succeeded I lation! Or is
fc.-iua uwio uieiai - , - ' . I i Vr4.: tt 4. Utk
s!(.-.i...m c.i n.xiio- tI hMh nm. t;on cress met in extra session i manes us a o uuu auuu
ar of thn Bm nnalitv. Both of on May 31st, 1841, and continued m ends of the line both going
tl,B in wr iam... th Uni- session until the ldtn of September, coming, in our dealings
a c . . . i u ; i. I On Jnlv 27th. a bill for the establish- eiem nations.
'ou uiaies, nuu cava m uictui i i j ' I - . . - ,
stamped "Dollar." And yet, by vile ment of the "f iscal uanK or. tne reopie s party men, anu psuwu
and fraudulent legislation of Con- United States," passed the Senate of all parties, let us come together
gress the lighter "Standard" Dollar by a rote of 2b to Z5, and was con- in this campaign ana so iar as we
and used nverv dav in business tran- tatives on the 6th of August by a legislation, let us right these griev-
. " a . . I m A A 1 L)sr HAnf PytIat I sntt a wvATtrve
sactiona in th ntrniiint Of debts. V0I6 01 liO M w uuom via mvugK
dollar for dollar: but the legal ten- however, vetoed the bill, and it was
Tur Stand Squarely For Principle and
Endorse The Action of Tha Couimit-
Thurman, N. C, May 5. A meet
ing of the Executive Committee of
the People's Party was held at New
Berne Saturday, May 2nd, for the
purpose of consulting and agreeing
on some plan of action for the com-
i it
mg campaign. A run representa
tion of the committee being present,
the sentiment of the county, was
well established.
On motion the President ap
pointed a committee to draft resolu
tions &c. The committed presented
the following to the committee
which was unanimously adopted:
The executive committee of the
People's Party of Craven couEty in
conference assembled in the city of
New Berne adopted the following
resolutions and ordered the same to
be sent to The Caucasian at Ral
eigh for publication:
endorse the action 01 the State ex
ecutive committee of the People's
Party in reference to co-operation
with the Republican party on spoils
of office at & sacrifice of principle
that principle (or one of them) be
ing financial reform as adopted
and signed by Hon. Henry M. Tel
ler and fifteen other Republican Sen
ators including Senator Pritchard
of North Carolina, relating to the
free and unlimited coinage of silver
at the-atio of 10 to 1.
2nd, That we endorse the action
of our Senator, Hon. Marion Butler,
in every act of his as a member of
our party whether in or out of office.
3rd, That we commit ourselves to
the decision of the voters of the
county and State for the advocacy
of the free and unlimited coinage of
t a -9 r i -t . .
silver at xo to l regardless of inter
national interference.
Signed H. H. Perry, Chm'n
Chas. Sutton ) n
J. B. Parsons Lom
W. H. Smith,
G. L. Hardison, Sec'y.
duced and passed unanimously:
Whereas, There has been an hon
est effort made on the part of tie
Populist Party executive committee
of this State to co-operate with the
Republican party, on terms alike
honorable to both, and
Whereas, The Republican party.
through their executive committee
refused to co-operate on said terms,
Whereas, The Republican party
demanded of the Populists, co-opera
tion solely upon tne spoils luea
alone, and
very element in tne partv that de
feated it will say 1 told you that the
people did not want free coinage.
They will probably letthesilvci
men control the convention in order
to keep them from uniting with the
silver organizations and the Popu
lists at St. Louis, July 22J, (which
would mean a victory for silvei)
thereby breaking the forces of tin
silver men
But the people who have had their
eyes opened by sad experience and
see the true state ot fc Hairs, will no
longer tie to either of the old par
ties. For twenty-two years they
have been in and out, fighting c-acb
other for p&rty ascendency dictated
to by the odee-seeker, while tne in
terests of the people have been fox
gotten until half of our property has
been confiscated and rum
stare us in the face.
Tho Republicans first demon ctizrd
silver and while the majority cf
those in the South and West in the
Democratic party are honest, and
are for the restoration of the money
of the people, yet the national party
is divided and we can expect do
hope or relief from any party that
is warring against itself: and onr
only hope is in adoj ting an bosest
platform fir tbe interests of the
American people which will bring
together true silver men from all
parties at St. Louis.
mg ns to da, and cfTcring us offices
as a consideration. We would not
support tSrover Cleveland.Wcaav? he
was a goldbug. Neither woold we
support (iovernor Carr or the State
ticket in lb'J2 because they intisttd
in voting lor goldbug Cleveland.
We were consistent then and we w,U
be consistent now. We will not
support a goldbug, nor will we sup
port or vote for any man who will
vote for a goldbug.
e are sorry that we cann jt co
operate again with the Republicans
as we did last year, but we certaiuly
cannot and will cot d. for the Cv
publicans what we left the Demo
cratic party to keep from doing. It
seems to us that the lu-publicats
took their choice between co-opera
tion and a goldbug pie counter, and
that their love tor tho pie-counter
was tha strongest. If we cannot co
operate on principle, let us go it
alone, Aud fight both of the old party
machines. louis truly.
A People's Party Max.
S-oraala of too A re loo of to
I moIM- 1m4 trail a orooo -t
ooota tr l'ala to I a -aiaf tm too
Mkl4o of too Kooa ta Too otao.
Mfalafcl I too. too tkattoM.
For Tba a.a-an J
Mario. N. C. Uav y. IX - A 11
pabliran politician Las sbt m a
copy of "A Card to tho Pub!!- i--e4
by Mraars. James Abm aatt t.
II. 4 3 til f V6 county. I have
read it and am aorrjr indead, t
such a document tsaaaliet' from
hat purport, tw (- Pofahet
We I'i -puli.t tip ht i ta th tseat
are I'opolts's f run principle. W
left tbe 4J parti- ber aom of
us stood very !-a aw m saw
they were wrong TWey
have doa little t. ti(Lt then selves
iu our opimrn. W do not sifT
with the card f Mer Asm a4
tiiil, ccitbtr do any ! our friit
with wbotu me hat convers! or
any one t 1m acept an office-banter.
We nevtr favored fuioa erj in orb.
yt-t tLere was om exeas or mom
for it during oar 2at election. That
time ia .at. Wo look upon oir na
tional tiuanci! juaUoo aa far asoro
important than a few htaU cfaeea.
Wo hold to the Oruaba platform, yet
it i hard to educate tho peopU on
so many reforms at once, tbcrefuro
we are willing to put the ntaceial
reform first, lb currency is tho
life Mood of the nation and if tbis
be tliaejased all is rotten and un
healthy. Allow mo to add in conclaaton
that we are not afraid of linr led
into the Democratic party by Sena
tor Butler, neither are we afraid of
Wing led into tbe Republican party
by cards to the public or the advo
cate of fusion.
Oar party i not a parly of Lood-
lers. We gav that up when wo left
the Deni Rrp party. Tbe boodlem
are still clinging to tbe old leaky
ship, and though they may calk a
few leaks and steam ber ahead for a
fthort time, her water lines ria
higher; tbe lurch is not far distant
ar-d if she is judged for all the pira
cies she has committed. Neptune'
salty bottom will not stop ber. lit 11
will not stop ber. SLe will b pro
visioned at the devil's foaling sta
tion, and m ith rover for devil, be ro
ju Med to start a hell of her own.
Li XVI LUC Kciio.
IbiaUWhal -AttoroT-Gr..ral Wal
ton of Tesaa ajala WaaMagton.
Washington Po.-t.l
"My belief is that the Populists
will carry Texas tLis year, whether
the Democrats rplit, as appears pos
sible, oi stick together," said Maj.
W. M. Walton,' of Austin, at tbe
Maj. alton is one of tbe notable
men of tho Lone Star State. For
years be has been regarded as the
peer of any lawyer in its limits. Lie
has been Attorney-General, and nn
SlBKto llaaaoo-Mil or
For Tbe Caucasian.!
fiCM Neck, N. C . May 7, "Jfl.
We approve of the plan taken bj tbe
committee on fusion. 1 have not
heard of a man wbo belongs to tho
People's Party say that bo would
fuse with a party on the gold issue.
We arc in favor. f taking it single
handed hit or miss.
J. L. Coor-EK.
J. II. Okirriy.
For Ttie Caucaaian.J
Cove, S. C, May 7, 1T,.--(Jood
work is going on here. Wo will
doubU our Toto this year. I hope
every rlace is going like Cove; if so
and want til three or four years ago, was one J we will carrj tho State by a large
oi tne sninicir jiltuis oi me imo-i majority, nwn m ue wraui vi
cratic l'arty. In his latter days. 1 tbe road is our motto here.
however, ho has gone over to the
Populists, who welcomed him to
their ranks with enthusiasm. I t Ooron ArreortatoA.
"If we can only get a fair count I For The Caucaaiaa.!
in Texas, said he, "we will canyl Wis-ALt., S. C, May 7. W ap
the State. The people aro tired of I nreciato the course ot TueCacca-
Cleveland and Carlisle, and can't be rian and highly prixe tho paper,
persuaded into voting the Democrat- Bat fur tho stringency in money
ic ticket any longer. They see not a matters I could forward 70a any
particle ot uinerence between tbe
financial and economic policy of
this administration and Harrison's.
The present tariff is as indefensible
as tbe ce that bore Mckinley's
amount of subscriber.
W. II. OrikTOX.
" i mafc Kt vfc pvuuv.i i n.m J nfin nnrmin 1 nn mry-w
m n wtl n o vnnti V.I i. J. .11 tliai ... I . . ... . . -
oaitico m au j.u..v " v" imrjQtd with tne single gold sUndar
idea than John O. Carlisle. W bd
shouldn't they belong to the same
exist any length of time, and while
the principles of Democracy can
never die in a true republican form
of government, yet owing to the
- r 11 , l ,
Whereas, The Republican party usurpation ot uieveianu ana uis co-
.1 v, n. iTu,t nons to uive.ii. tuw wm oi iuo tyeoi'io
a... ,i fk ax,' i.i inthe interest of a plutocracy, the
lowed to support their goldbug elec- Vie will leave the patty he has
47 t I ntwAittrAil an1 rnn Ana T n a v arv tttttaIi
tors for President, therefore , , " , , "tJ
, , . ,. loveu, ana tooa. to auuiuer sourctr.
Resolved 1st, That the Populists Lor;qi, :tu tht,m iht. nP;ni.:niM 0r
of Buncombe county hereby approve a jeffersonian Democracy and Li n
of Senator Butler's plan of co-opera- coln pfcepublicanism embodied in a
tion and also of his refusal to co-op- . .nv,nr
i uri uaiiio m? tuvti nuvuvti
erate upon Republican terms, and
that the Populists of Buncombe
county pledge Senator Butler and
the Populists of the State their hearty
support in their efforts to secure the
free coinage of silver at the ratio of
10 to 1.
Resolved 2nd, That we decline to
send any delegate to the Republi
can convention to be held at Ral
eigh May 14; and denounce as un
true those persons whov are willing
to sell out to the
Wm. A. Guthrik
The national party, or the national
People's Party, will be for the inter
est of the people, while arrayed on
the other side will be the party up
holding a plutocracy of trust com
panies, under tbe name of the Ke
pnbliean party (Cleveland and Sher
man as its supporters), and the ueci
sive battlo will be fought in lS'M and
the destiny of our government be set
The issue is, shall the people con
trol this government, or, shall the
party! " i do not covet ouice my'
self. There isn't a place on the
ticket that my Populists friends
have not besought me to take, but
while I shall speak for the cause and
all in my power to help it in the
coming campaign, which promised
to be the hottest ever waged in the
State, I shall not allow my came
to be voted for. I shall also r so-
utely oppose fusion with tha Repab-
lcans, unless, perhaps, lor miner
offices. There are enough straight
Populiat votes to win, 'and we are
T arwo . .
gaining every uay. - w ith
an nonett count (which we mean to
have) we cannot onJy elect our State
ckrt, but a majorry of Congress
men. iol. Jerome rveaioy, or ual-
as, will be tbe Populist nominee for
Republican party.
After several speeches were made, mnnavoA aristorrkcv rnla and ruin?
chairman J. N. Morgan being de- since the Populists of this State, on
feated in his plan to send delegates the j7tn 0f April, have shown to the
to Raleigh May 14, and to declare DeoI)ie that theV mean what tbev
the meeting adjourned, on mo- and rejected the temptation of
won or A. j. anuier uoi. cnn; . .-a stand nnon th hiirh
W. Li. Menry Was Called tO -ona nf nnniiinlK. thn trnnA nnnlA
chair, and then, the meeting of North Carolina are rejoiced. Aud
Voting For Republican Candidates
Butler's Conrso Approved,
In pursuance to a call made by J.
jn . Morgan, chairman of the Popu
list Party committee, and T. B.
Long, secretary, the Populists met
and on motion of T. J. Candler the
following resolutions were intro-
finished up its work. The Populists
were a unit in favor of standing b;
the Populist Party and pledged
themselves not to vote for any cand
idate for office who supported the
"goldbug parties" and in favor of
co-operation with all silver Republi
cans and silver Democrats on a free
silver platform in favor of silver at
the ratio of lb to 1. Then on mo
tion of Mr. Durham the temporary
chairman, w. Li. Henry, and secre
tary T. J. Candler were authorized
to call a meeting of the Populists at
as early a day as practicable.
A unity of work a knowing of
fads will win Ihe people's fight.
Let us all know together and
work together. Send us a club
under our special offer.
now it devolves upon us to moei
them upon the same plane of prin
ciple and save our State from the
rule and ruin of the construction
ists. Let our past party affiliations
be what they may, yet it behooves
us as wise men to take the situation
as we find it and make ihe best of it
The goldbugs will tell yen that
they had rather be defeated than to
co-operate with the Populists. That
is true. They are opposed to any
thing that will bring together the
silver men of the State and nation
for they well know that will mean a
victory for relief. Yet, when we see
the Democratic party wrecked and
defeated ' in order to keep the gold
bugs, partybngs and turnbugs from
finally ruining ns, we who think
alike, must get together and save
our State from goldbug rule and ruin.
A Lla Oat of Ta Whole Cloth.
Southern Mercury. Ter.J
Populist papers, east and south.
should beware of fake Associate
Press dispatches from tbe south.
Oce was recently rent out from Aus
tin, Texa, to the e fleet that the
Populists of Texts and Republicans
bed arranged to fuse. Whenever
a dispatch a jserts tjt the People's
r'y ot Texas is to fuse wtth any
party on earth it t an be setdewn as
a lie out of the whole cloth.
It Was a OeroA Hooor to lavo atato Whoa
Kaaaoaa rraldo4 Over tha
For t!e Caucasian
Katettitille, N. CM ay 8, .5.
Sometime in lbJ3 Senator Ransom
wa called upon the Vieo-Prosi-dect
one day to preside over the
Senate. Every Democratic pa par in
the State not only printed tbe fact.
but commented on it editorially as
a great honor to tbe State. Last
week the Vice-President called opoa
Senator Butler to preside over tbe
Senate, but tbe Democratic papers
barely mentioned tbe fact. Senator
Butler is the first People. Party
Senator to be thus honored, and, be
sides, be is tbe yonngest Senator in
tbe body. If it was a matter of each
marked honor for Ransom, who was
over seventy years old, and wbo bad
ben in tbe Senate for overtweoty
years, to be called upon to preside
over tbe Senate, was it not still more
marked in the case of Senator But
ler! Bat this is simply a sample of
the unfair methods ot the machine
party papers. When tbej cannot
And something to abase S isator Bat
ter about, they try to igoore him,
bnt in spite of tbis be grows ia
strength and popularity with t'e
people each day.
J ads l'lllord Icad.
Tha Ce salts afoartflr rasa.
For Tbe Canraaiia.1 . t
I heartily approve of tke course
of onr State executive eosmittee re
garding co-operation with the Re
publicans. It would hive been the
sacrificing of onr principles t have
GREESSUORO. May C Judge JnO.hoiriAd riea.rtand he.nA mrith .Mllti.
n. Dillard, died here this afternoon .. nartr wfcn ar at. tnftmn;!i.
at 4 o'clock after an illness of only! nn'neiMUa that thm pAnni;. ..
a few days. He was on the streets CEte. Co-operation with either of
Saturday morning, but went home the old parties would be the heisrht
a m mm sr . a
to Dea at ii o eiocr. uis death was
caused by blood poisoning, which
began many years ago, and it was
this trouble that caused him to re
sign as associate justice of the Su
preme Court.
of folly. Why not eo-operate with
the Democrats! Tbey favor bimet
allism, provided they can get it
through the Democratic party, and
that is what tbe republicans wanted.
Tho Republican patty is the Party
that demonetized silver, and tha
Please don't wait. We tell you the It" a".eueal
i... o . ' I DemcraUe party has kept it del
money Tor .L -tixed. The Dencrati Tare equal
Caucasian will talk about these I J1 otiuig
things. Say. YOU, YOU-f riend, rTrtrarV
can't you send a club of fire under I party 4 m WTOaf-
our special offerT I (Cootiaoad oa fourOk pacs.) -

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