RALEIGH, N. C. THURSDAY. MAY 11, I9II.
v,. - before and after" Democrats
... r o-A very plentiful in Congress.
sheriff f Person County has
rf. k-r-! the office no, he is cot a
It is spring, but. In view of the
r.nforlal contest, the mocking-bird
afraM to sing.
17 Democratic politicians still
ui. a Hitle sugar in theirs even If
,t ,io's benefit the trusts.
And now many of the Democrats
;Q Congress are supporting the "In
iquitous" tariff on wool!
Wood row Wilson predicts a new
political era. That is probably with
the proviso that Wilson is made Pres
ident. Kx-(iovernor Glenn is now back in
the State lecturing, and is apt to
ak out in politics at any rao-
The tax assessments this year will
about satisfy those who have been
voting for "Democratic good govern
ment." If they try to keep up their present
pace some of the Democratic candi
dates will be wind-broken before No
The News and Observer says that
Dr. Faison made his maiden speech
in Congress Saturday. Wonder if he
A man was killed in a restaurant
in Columbia, S. C, Saturday in a
quarrel over a bowl of soup. Reminds
ones of the Cleveland days.
The Democratic leaders are brag
ging about what they are doing in
Congress. But just wait until they
hear from the people again.
Bobby Glenn has taken the step
from the sublime to the ridiculous
again from Home Missions to the
election of a Democratic President.
The machine manufactured by the
last Legislature for the purpose of
raising the tax valuation of property
is not proving to be a very popular
If the tax assessors do not raise
the valuation of your property suffi
ciently the Corporation Commission
has the power to take another whack
The Democrats believe in ma
chines. They have run politics by a
machine for many years, and are
now increasing the peoples' taxes by
a Machinery Act.
Some of the Democratic members
of the Tennessee Legislature are mix
ed up in a bribery scandal. It seems
that every Democratic Legislature,
will have a scandal of its own.
The Greensboro Record does not
want the "Home' for the Feeble
Minded" established in that city.
Wonder why the Record thought that
town was in danger of being selected.
The Wilmington Star says: "Try
to get it in Wilmington before you
think of buying it somewhere else."
Judging from reports, it is less trou
ble to get it in Wilmington than it is
to order it from Virginia.
While Mr. Simmons health was
too poor for him to serve on the
'committee on the high cost of .liv
inS" it seems that it has improved
sufficiently for him to make another
Seated race for his job. .
The prayers of the chaplain are
now printed in the Congressional
Record. Why don't the Congressmen
ve copies of these prayers distrib
uted among their constituents in
stead of so many of their campaign
A special to the Charlotte Obser
ver says that a dead mule at Hamp
tonville had traveled nearly 57,000
miles. The old Democratic mule has
traveled even farther, and most of
the trip has been in Salt River, wad
ing up to his neck.
TRIAL TO MIGXS JUXE 1-
j John 4. JfcNemara and n?e Others!
Will be Trl5 at T, ri . !
Cliarg of Dynamiting the An-
KH Time nuIMimr. Killing i
i Mm Will Re Hotly Contested!
j Angeles. Cal.. May 5. John
j J. McNamara. Secretary of the In
ternational Bridge and Structural
Iron Workers Association, to-day
was formally arraigned before Judge
Walter Bordwell, of the Superior
Court on charges of murder and dyn
amiting, and his brother. James B.
McNamara, was arraigned on &
charge of murder, all In connection
with the explosion which wrecked the
Los Angeles Times building on Octo
ber 1, 1910. and killed twenty-one
men. Ortle McManigal, alleged to
have made a confession implicating
the McNamaras, was not arraigned.
It Is not expected that he will make
any appearance in court until the
trial begins. The day for the Mc
Namara brothers to plead was fixed
for June 1st.
Fully an hour before the time for
the arraignment the court room was
crowded, despite efforts of the offi
cers to keep the proceedings secret.
The McNamara brothers, with hands
manacled, were brought into court by
Sheriff Hammel and three deputies.
Assistant District Attorney Ford
read all the nineteen indicements,
charging the men with the murder of
employees of the Times plant.
Accused with the brothers in the
indictment were William Caplan, al
leged to have been an abettor of Jas.
McNamara in the explosion, and four
others, one a woman, who were
masked by the name of "John Doe,"
"Richard Roe," "John Stiles," and
The accusation was followed by a
list of the scores of witnesses exam
ined by the grand jury in the weeks
following the Times disaster, and
with the late addition of Ortie E. Mc
Manigal, who appeared before the in
quisitorial body only yestesday.
Considering the importance of the
case and the distance which it may
be necessary to bring witnesses, At
torney RIppaport for the defense
"I would like to have thirty days
before the pleas are entered."
"If you are allowed an unusual
time to enter the pleas," said Prose
cutor Fredericks, "will you waive the
provision of the statute which de
clares that the men must be tried
within sixty days after they are ar
raigned?" Rappaport signified his willingness
and the District Attorney said he
would consent that the pleas be
made on June 1st. Ford then read
the other eighteen indictments.
James B. McNamara was permit
ted to sit down and then an indict
ment was read, charging John J. Mc
Namara, Ortie E McManigal, "John
Doe," John Stiles, "Richard Roe,"
and "Jane Doe" with dynamiting the
Llewellyn Iron Worka last Christmas.
The time for McNamara to plead to
that charge, also was fixed for June
BIGAMY IS ALLEGED.
Wilmington Man, Mr. H. A. Fields, is
Held in Norfolk by Authorities
He is Charged With Bigamy.
Wilmington, N. C, May 9. Chief-of-Police
John J. Fowler has received
a telegram from Major Kizer, of the
Norfolk police department which
stated that H. A. Fields, a white man
who formerly resided here, had been
arrested in that city on a charge of
bigamy. It is stated that Fields was
formerly employed in the post-office
in this city. It has been learned that
Fields was married in Norfolk in
April. Inquiry on the part of the
police department of that city,
through telegrams here, resulted in
the information that Fields' first wife
and their children live at No. 307
Dawson Street, this city. An officer
was sent to that house number by
Chief Fowler, and the patrolman was
informed by Mrs. Fields that she and
her husband were married some years
ago in Richland County, New York.
It is probable that Mrs. Fields ,No. 1
will go to Norfolk to give in evidence
In the case.
Killed 3Ian Who Wronged His
Philadelphia, Pa., May 4. Re
venging the honor of his eighteen-year-old.
daughter, Frank McMahon,
aged 48 years, shot and fatally
wounded George Leary, aged 53
years to-night, when the latter
laughed at his demands for repara
The shooting occurred in the pres
ence of a large crowd, that had been
gathered at 55th and Spruce streets
by the loud wrangling of the two
men. Leaving his victim lying in
the street, McMahon sought a police
man to give himself up. McMahon
is a saloon keeper at Second and
Spruce streets. :
Leary is a real estate operator.
He died shortly after midnight.
AGAINST FREE TRADE
Farmers Protest Against FcCl-
procity and Democratic
Free Trade List
SHALL THEY REAP WHAT
THEY SOW ?
Speaker Clark and Leader Underwood
Overrun by the Democratic Hons
on the Proposition to Protect Wool
Some Republicans in Favor of
Letting the Country Hare a Dose
of Democratic Free TrmdeOtber
Republicans Say it is the Patriotic
Ihity of tlte Senate to Save the
Country From the Disasters and
Folly of the Democratic nonse
The Serious Situation in Mexico.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C., May 9, 1911.
On yesterday, the Democratic House
passed what they have proclaimed to
be the "Farmers' Free List Bill."
Judging from the number of repre
sentatives of the various farmer or
ganizations who are here protesting
against this bill, and also against the
reciprocity bill which the Democratic
House recently passed, it would seem
that these bills are considered by the
farmers as more hostile than friendly.
The Tangle Over Free Wool.
As stated in The Caucasian last
week, there was such a protest among
the farmers and cattle-men in the
wool growing States against free wool
that Speaker Clark and Leader Un
derwood, Chairman of the House
Committee on Ways and Means, had
started a canvass among the Demo
crats in the House not to put wool
on the free list, but to give it sub
stantial protection. They insisted
that if the duty should be reduced at
all, it should not be reduced more
than 50 per cent, Speaker Clark, who
was a candidate for the Presidency,
taking the position that if wool was
put on the free list that the Republi
cans could probably control the wool
States and make it impossible for the
Democrats to carry the next Presi
It was thought at that time that
Speaker Clark and Leader Under
wood would be able to control the
situation, but the rank free traders in
the House took the bit in their teeth
and ran away with the situation, re
fusing to give any heed to the warn
ings and pleadings of Speaker Clark
and Mr. Underwood.
A Formidable Protest From Farmers
A large delegation of representa
tive farmers appeared yesterday be
fore the Senate Committee on Fi
nance, and also went in a body to the
White House to protest against the
reciprocity treaty and certain feat
ures "of the so-called farmers' free
list bill. The President is reported
to have said to the delegation that he
believed they were wrong in their
fears; that while reciprocity might
lower the prices on some of the prod
ucts of farmers, that yet he consider
ed on the whole it would be for the
benefit of the country, taking into
consideration farmers, laborers, mer
chants, manufacturers, and all class
es of people.
When Mr. Gardner, the head of the
Massachusetts State Grange, was
making his protest before the Senate
Committee on Finance on behalf of
the farmers, he was asked by a num
ber of the committee if they did not
vote to elect Mr. Foss, the Democratic
candidate for Governor in that State
at the last election, and if Mr. Foss
did not make his campaign on de
nouncing the Republican tariff as be
ing the cause of high prices, and if
he, Mr. Foss, did not promise the
people that they would be able to
live cheaper if he was elected and a
Congress in sympathy with him, and
they were to lower duties on the nec
essaries of life, etc. He replied that
Mr. Foss did make his campaign, us
ing these as some of his issues. Mr.
Gardner was then asked why it was
that the farmers now came down to
Congress to protest against Congress
doing what the farmers had voted in
favor of, and that his reply seemed to
create the impression that the farm
ers had been mistaken.
The Farmers Representatives Here.
Among the grange officials who
were in the party were N. J. Bache
lor, former Governor of New Hamp
shire' and master of the National
Grange; W. P. Hull, master of the
Michigan State Grange and President
of National Dairymen's Association;
W. N. Giles, Secretary of the New
York State Grange; J. WVHutchins,
r Secretary of the Michigan State
Grange; F. N. Godfrey, Master of the
New York State Grange and Chair
man ; of the Executive Committee of
the National Grange ; H. S. Messlck,
Master of the Delaware State Grange;
(Continued on page 4.)
auvska.s iraita VOXh ovtat-j
j ntd ArU In t1t tjbe Ctassl
llrtd Gcfemnet m4l
Mtttt Stop. J
I Washington. May SwOa receipt?
jof news of rioting at Cordova. Ala-!
ka. Secretary of the Interior rubor j
wired Governor Clark as follows: !
"Press reports indicate that there!
hat been lawlessness and destruction
of British Canadian cos! and de
traction of British Canadian Coal at
Cordova by citizens claiming to be
acing la resentment of the delay
here. You are fully advised of ray
personal desire to promote Alaskan
coal development as promptly as cir
cumstances will permit, but lawless
ness man absolutely be suppressed j
orous action to this end."
Cordova. Alaska. May 5. The
feeling here toward Gilford Pincbot.
because of his attitude In tying up
the coal fields by bis action In the
Federal courts Is so bitter that he
was burned in effigy in Kantala, sc-
S I . A
Taft has been asked to send troops;
to Cordova, Alaska, to suppress the
coal rioteers there, who boarded an
Alaskan steamship loaded with Can-
New York,' May 5. Isaac Guggen
heim, head of the famous Guggen
heim family, made this statement
this afternoon regarding the Alaskan
"We do not own a foot of coal
land in Alaska and have no desire
to add anything to our investments
there outside of our copper proper
ties. The coal land situation up
there is on outrage. The coal fields
are from 20 to 30 miles beyond our
copper claims. We have put thirty
millions into our railroad up there
and would put as much more if the
Government would adopt a policy
that would guarantee protection.
Our interest in this matter is the
same as that of other persons. We
want to develop that part of our
national domain and add to our
ARMIES WLL FIGHT AGAIN.
The Armistice Between the Mexican
Government and Revolutionist
Generals is Broken Off President
Diaz Will Not Resign.
El Paso, Texas, May 6. The arm
istice covering the Chinuahua district
and all unofficial communication be
tween the Mexican Government and
the two revolutionists were broken oft
to-day and to-night the insurreeto
army under General Francisco -I.
Madero, Jr., is preparing to pursue
the revolution as vigorously as ever.
Juarez will 'be the first point of
attack, but the rebels probably will
not move for another twenty-four
, Judge Carabajal, having notified
Dr. Vazquez Gomez, head of the re
bel peace commission, to-day that it
was impossible for him to continue
the peace negotiation on the basis
suggested by the rebels and the re
bels having refused to extend the
armistice, the following statement
was issued by General Madero defin
ing his position:
"While Diaz is in power all laws
will be fictitious and all promises
tricks of war. With thaUidea and
in order to obtain peace in Mexico, I
asked him to make public the inten
tion which he had manifested pri
vately of resigning from the govern
ment, i In order that he might , not
feel humiliated or have any pretext to
deny such a request, I proposed that
I also resign as Provisional President
even manifesting to him that I would
accept as President for the interim a
member of his Cabinet, who occupies
a post of much confidence and who
is correspondingly able to fill it.
"It is not possible for me to do
more for my country and if the war
continues, it will be due solely to the
inexplicable ambition of General
Diax. He, therefore, will be alone
responsible before the civilized world
and in history for alt the misery!
which the war may cause."
NEW HOTEL BURNED.
Roper's Hotel at Flat Rock Destroyed
Hendersonville, N. C, May 8. A
$20,000 fire yesterday morning de
stroyed C. E. Roper's summer hotel
at Flat Rock, two miles north from
here. The building Is situated on a
high hill near the Flat Rock depot,
was less than a year old and the
spectacular blaze attracted hundreds
of spectators. Building and contents
were insured for $11,000. The orig
in of the fire Is unknown.
Mr. Roper spent the night In Hen
dersonville and the only occupants of
the building were, his two sons, who
awoke to find the forty-room struc
ture ablaze in many different parts.
coram to aavices reeeivea nere to- . h p"; L
Seattle. Wash.. May 5.-Pre,ldea,h' "
Napolcoa Gave Ejypt Seacf
Real War, Bat It Wej
KLEBER BECAHE GOV.
The KnxiUh I Wt rf etS lb flam
of Xspolena and Ite H XeHyjtiy a snUUoa 4e4Urs y I.
Rottled t la ;rU aad lypc ! inS tfce rrltti f
. PanAtst ricasi lTakst fciUiiaf. t 1
The Turks Fttgtt Assiut Xr-Ue4 ter Ih anlrlic map Mfca ef its
lean ad In Fttr 4 Kastaed ! lJe in?2.
. , - k, . i Ptrl4fci raft. $eriAfy itf SUle
The Mrse of t ir TuraUh Kfcol bafe4p e tfx,
Treaclrry liaised the MamHuVr. i&est ta dltomtSle &4 eUl life
-When U K. OulU W. ItaUlh'.4 i""? "r " ."T
and Facts A Unit It,
Bilkiniville, n. c.. May S. 111.
Correspondence of The Caucasian
Near the close of the seventeen it
reason ut Riven, though some rea
son must her existed. The ArIs
. . 1 t . . . H. . k-
j fleet wuz moored In front or Alexan-j
jdria an garrisons were left in Alex
andria an' General Kleber wm made
governor. The French army wut
landed, numberin something over
3 O.ftnA Kfihllnrt tin hit unrrhed In.
ward Cairo, in five divisions. The! r-ccgie. its a tpeeca accepung
Egyptian commander, Murad lley.f "f41- the gift fee-
had about 20.000 infantry, awl Mara-!104, Po Jta was "an honor the
alukes. an' several thousand cavalry I of !fh,ca neTrr Wfore a
an' forty cannon, for weapons ov warowed upon ix human feein,"
had now become somewhat modern. j
The well directed fire ov the French j TO PROTFCT RACRKD ItKLICH.
proved very destructive to the Egyp-! .
tlans an the battle wound up when L. . .....
the French made a terriffic assault ! OHRln1 1),.nitlm t,f Imlepend-
with fixed bayonets. The French ?
captured awl ov the cannons an cam
els owned by the Egyptians, an about
3,000 Egyptian dead lay upon the
battlefield. The next day Napoleon
entered Cairo. He established a gov
ernment, consisting ov seven mem
bers. Then he summoned the Egyp
tian officials who promised loyalty to
France. Napoleon agreed to respect
the Mohometan religion an to re
spect property rights. Napoleon then
started out to capture or kill the rov
ing bands ov Mamelukes who had
scattered when ,the French army ap
proached Cairo. When the French
general returned to Cairo he learned
that the English fleet had attacked
that ov tbe French at Aboukir. This
wuz serious news for Napoleon. He
saw at once that hiz communication
with France wuz liable to be cut off
an that England might prevent hiz
return, starve hiz army. In fact.:
About the same time Turkey, being
sore because Napoleon had gotten
Egypt, threatened to go to war with
France. But Napoleon didn't lose hiz
nerve. He established a government
for Egypt along French lines. Things
becoming' quiet. Napoleon marched
out ov Cairo on February 27, 1799,
for Tyria. He captured El-Alrish, a
fort in the desert, then Jaffa, Naplons
an' Zeta, awl Syrian towns. He se-
cured a good supply ov provisions an !
wuz ready to capture St. Jean d'Acre.
He had an army or about 18,000
men. Tbe English fleet had arrived
at the town above named an' gave
aid to the garrison in the shape ov
ammunition, awlso hit later landed
several hundred men an' many can
non. This enabled the Turks to make
a strong resistance. Napoleon wuz
finally compelled to give up efforts to
capture the city on account or a lack
ov ammunition, probably. The French
returned to Cairo, an eighteen days'
march. A Turkish fleet soon landed
about 18,000 men at Aboukir on'
they took the fort there. The news
soon reached Napoleon an' he got
busy. He met the Turks between
Alexandria an Aboukir an gave them
bat tie. The Turkish General, Mus
tapha Pacha, an awl his soldiers an
cannon were captured, an two thou
sand Turks were killed In battle. This
compelled another division or the
Turkish army which had taken refuge
in the fort at Aboukir to get in a bad
way, an' Napoleon demanded its un
conditional surrender. This hit did
on August the 2nd. Thus Napoleon
turned defeat into victory, for be
tween England an Turkey hiz
chances had appeared slim for some
weeks. By this victory hiz hold upon
Egypt seemed secure for a time at
least' But Napoleon Bonaparte wuz
just like other people; he could Ag
ger powerfully, but sometimes Ag
gers would git tangled. About this
time he happened to remember that
he had gained considerable territory
in Italy a short time before. Learin
General Kleber in command in Egypt
he started for Italy. Napoleon had
probably made a serious mistake; he
wuz "land poor" -had too much ter
ritory at any rate. In November,
1799, the Turks attempted to land a
force in Egypt, hut Kleber managed
to repel them. But hiz situation wuz
(Continued on page 3.) !
f Mtu cutixtxat: turret vea m;rx.
f i44 ll4 9N9 Tevetf Ot
j Wasatxttt. Slay II Aftsr rseetr
jlag s44 Heate4 t y
1 3 a As&mf- VifUut Wisrut u
je?d Tfc ASNwkaa ftrMii t
jAfciSrw- CrtUr a4 -Hts1irf
!4 it !!&.$$ Is :!& te
I In the hall f Ui rnAsrksi Ca
j iaa feaUsile. Jo&u lUrreft. 4!frer
jof tfc uftiofi, declared last never t
l fore in history ha4 so i&JifiJss!
(been so honored by a tro? of as-
tloni, rVnor De Zat&acosa. ta UvtS-
ambassador: Preset Tsft. Sv
"We meet here to4ny," sal4 the
j President, "to take pan in the cre-
tnony of the eresentatlda br the
union of these republic of th. Pan.
American cold medal to the&4ttt4
ual, forecaott In tbe worll la his !
erjetic action for the promotion ef
peace. We are all clad to take part
in it. The Immediate cause was the
presentation to that union of this
beautiful tempi of peace.
ence ami t onwutntlon 9Ioved to
' Safer Quarters.
Washington. D. C May 6. Tna
sacred relics of enduring popular
government the original declaration
of independence and ConttltuUon of
the United States, which -for nearly
a decade have been locked up In
the arcbieves of the State Depart
ment, were personally Inspected to
day by Secretary Knox, who. during
his tenure of office. Is charged with
their preservation for posterity.
Their exposure forcibly revealed
to the secretary that the safe la
which they are kept Is neither water
nor fire-proof. Altogether without
available funds, he Immediately Is
sued Instructions that an estimate be
made of the cost of a receptacle
which would make the historic In
struments absolutely secure against
Both documents hare been ob
scured from public gaze since 1902
in order to save them from the spoli
ation of sunlight, from accident or
When uncovered to-day the im
mortal declaration displayed tbe rav
ages of time and the disastrous ef
fects of press copying to which It was
submitted in 1850 iid from which
all fac-slmlles have 'teen made.
Nearly all the ftlgnatureti have
faded away, even the famous scroll
of John Hancock being only vaguely
and incompletely visible. The dim
med tut, however. Is readable la its
entirety. The condition of the decla
ration Is ascribed by officials more to
press copying than to wear of years.
The constitution which has sever
been press copied, is in almost per
A re-arrangement of the depart
ment's library afforded the secretary
an opportunity to view tbe relics.
They were returned to the safe, and ,
Mrs. Knox announced that, for the
sake of their preservation, there
would be no change in tbe policy of
locking them up from public exhibi
tion. Canada Will Xot Pass oa Reciprocity
3feasure lie fore August,
Ottawa. Oct., May 4. It was prac
tically dec! Jed to-night that tbe
House will adjourn during the ab
sence of Sir Wilfrid Laurler at the
Imperial Conference at tbe Coro
nation, thus delaying ratification of
the Flelding-Knox reciprocity agree
ment at least until August. The re
cess will begin on June 1, and will
continue for six weeks. t
Information from Washington that
the Senate may not reach a rote oa
the question for two months, influ
enced the government to a great ev
tent in agreeing to the recess.
Democrats Pulling Wool This WeeJc
The Ways and Means Committee
of the House of Congress will begin
next week to grind out the tariff bill
providing for revision of tbe wool
schedule. There Is division among
Democrats on this question. Some
want raw wool on the free list while
others contend that so radical a
change should not be made now.
f I .