North Carolina Newspapers

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VOL.. XXX,
RALEIGH, N. C,t
JULY 10t 1012.
No. 2T.
THURSDAY.
I
EDITORIAL BRIEFS
"""put bow far do you suppose a pro
Krfiglve Democrat will geton a reac
tionary platform?
sow, why don't they go for those
ppnioeraUc Senators in Illinois who
soli out for Lorimer?
Wonder if Senator Simmons still
ttirkfi that Senator Lorimer Is the
pft.r of any man in the Senate?
Wonder if Woodrow Wilson in
tends giving a fried chicken lawn
party, and carry
scheme.
out the color
Senator Simmons helped those who
whitewashed his friend Lorimer In
lull, but he later found out that it
wouldn't stick.
And now there are twenty-eight
Democrats advertising for office in
Robeson County. Still some say
Democrats do not chase the office!
The New York World says the
nomination of Woodrow Wilson is a
new birth. And it will need some
soothing syrup before this campaign
is over.
There are still some Democratic
writers in North Carolina who refuse
to tell the truth if they can make
a lie answer their purpose. Want a
bill of particulars?
If Wall Street is sincere in saying
it is for Wilson, then it must have a
definite understanding with Wilson,
which would mean that the rank and
file would have to suffer.
Neither Senator Simmons nor ex
Governor Glenn attended the Prohibit-
tion Convention last week. Would
you have thought that' anything
could have kept them away?
After a delay of two weeks or more
Congressman Godwin has finally ac
cepted his renomination for Con
gress. However, there were few who
expected him to refuse it.
The Governor of South Carolina
says the mayor of Charleston doesn't
like him because he refused to ap
point a negro to office, and remember
they are both Democrats.
If the Democratic politicians should
get at the Federal pie trough it would
be necessary to nail it down to keep
them from rooting it over to see if
there wasn't more under it.
Yes, if the Democrats get in power
living will be cheap, with soup sell
ing at three cents a bowl. But who
wants to live on soup all the time,
even if they had the three cents?
A "tariff for revenue only" might'
be higher than a protective tariff, if
the Democrats get in, for it would
take a lot of revenue to pay for all
the new offices they would create.
The Statesville Landmark says the
Democratic platform is too long. No
doubt about that, but they may have
been trying to frame one long enough
to hold all the fifty-seven varieties.
The Lumberton Robesonian says
the number of candidates for the of
fice of County Commissioner is un
precedented! Which shows that the
Democrats have not lost their appe
tite for pie.
The Statesville Landmark is op
Posed to the abolition of the hot place
and thinks it a necessary Institution
for those who fail to get what Is
coming to them in this world. How
about the bad ones who catch it
here?
An exchange says that it has been
only two weeks since the Baltimore
Convention, but the Democrats can
already smell the post-offices and
other Federal pie. Thought the Dem
ocrats looked upon Federal jobs as a
disgrace!
Simmons seemed to think it nec
essary to explain why he voted for
senator Lorimer the first time and
then to explain why he voted against
Lorimer the last time. And each
time he was votine for tna sam
Lorimer who was under the Bame
charges:
JOINS ROOSEVELT FORCES.
Herbert Knox Smith Resigns as Com
mUftioner of Corporation and Will
Work for Roosevelt,
Washington, D. C, July 10 Her
bert Knox Smith today resigned as
Commissioner of Corporations to Join
the forces of Theodore Roosevelt and
the new Progressive party. He will
be succeeded in all probability by
Luther Conant, Jr., of Brooklyn, N.
Y., the present Deputy Commissioner
of corporations, who is described as
a distinctly administration exponent.
The change will become effective
Thursday, July 18.
Mr. Smith will go to New York for
a conference with Colonel Roosevelt
on Friday when his political plans
will be mapped out. He will prob
ably take an active part in the cam
paign, discussing corporations with
particular reference to the Sherman
anti-trust law. He adraited today
that he advised the former President
of his contemplated action and ten
tatively discussed the future at his
conference with Mr. Roosevelt at
Oyster Bay last week, which gave rise
to rumors then that he would with
draw his allegiance to President Taft.
RATES ARE EXCESSIVE
Result of Gommerce Com
mission's Express Probe
Made Public
Extensive Investigation Finds One
Cause of the High Cost of Living
Express Business is a Family
Affair Sweeping Reforms Needed.
Washington, D. C, July 15.
Sweeping reductions in express rates
averaging, in general, approximate
ly 15 per cent; drastic reforms in
regulations and practices; and com
prehensive changes in the methods of
op ration, are prescribed in a report
made public to-day by the Inter-State
Commerce Commission of its invest!
gation into the business of the thir
teen great express companies of the
United States.
Dealing with the Identify j)f inter
est between the various companies.
the report finds that while these com
panies are separate legal entities, "it
is of interest to regard this fact that
by stock ownership and otherwise
they are so interlaced, intertwined
and interlocked that it is with dif
ficulty we can trace any one of the
greater companies as either wholly
independent in its management or
the agencies of a single railroad sys
tern. So that while these compete
with each other for traffic, the ex
press business may be said to be al
most a family affair.
The inquiry was the most exten
sive, and, in wealth of infinite detail,
proDaDiy tne most tnorougn, ever
prosecuted by the commission. It
was" conducted an dthe report was
prepared by Commissioner Franklin
K. Lane. It has been in progress for
nearly three years. The report itself
makes 600 printed pages. It involves
an examination and comparison of
practically more than 60,000,000 ex
press rates in effect in this country,
in addition to an examination of mil
lions of waybills and an investigation,
through the book of the companies.
of their financial opetration and busi
ness methods.
Commissioner Lane is of the opin
ion that the conclusions reached
constitute a long step towards the so
lution of that gravest problem of the
American householder, the high cost
of living.
FOR APPALACHIAN PARK.
Agricultural Department Takes Over
32,000 Acres of Land in Graham
and Clay Counties.
News is given out in Washington
that the Treasury Department has
turned over to the Department of Ag
riculture 32,000 acres of government
land in Graham and Clay Counties,
North Carolina, for the Appalachian
Park.
Nearly -forty years ago the tract of
land donated to the forest reserve
was forfeited to the government. By
a recent act of Congress the Treas
ury Department was authorized to
transfer it to the Department of Ag
riculture. Added to what the Appalachian
Park Commission has contracted for,
this makes a total of 78,500 acres in
North Carolina for the reservation.
Government engineers are now on
their way to survey the Graham and
Clay County lands and mark out the
boundary lines. The land will" imme
diately be put under the administra
tion of the Rorest Reserve.
For the first time in its history the
Hamilton Club, of Chicago one of
the leading political organizations of
the country, has failed to ratify the
action of the Republican National
Convention. : , "
aw sr.oris FLOPPED
Was Afraid of the People
Back Home if Again Voted
for Lorimer
CASE OF JUDGE AQCDDALD
IIoue Recommends Impeachment of
Judge Archbald of the Commerce
Court Senate "Jurr Sworn la to
Try Case Striking Object Lennon
for the I Uicall io v erno r Gait her
of Maryland Comes Out for Iioose
velt -President Taft to Reply to
Charges of Theft Gov. Wilson to
Center His Fight Express Compa
nies Have Been Giving Poor Ser
vice at an Exorbitant Hate.
Washington, D. C, July 16, 1912.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Congress Is now trying to arrange
to adjourn during the first week in
August. If this program Is carried
out, it will send over the impeach
ment trial of Judge Archbald of the
United States Commerce Court until
the fall.
The Case of Judge Archbald.
The charges against Judge Arch
bald are of such a serious nature that
the House Committee on Judiciary,
by a unanimous vote, declared that
he should be impeached for "high
crimes and misdemeanors." The na
ture of the evidence before the com-
mitee when reported to the House
was so strong that every member of
the House, with the exception of one
Congressman, who is a close personal
friend of the Judge, voted to sustain
the charges of impeachment.
A committee appointed by the
House appeared before the members
of the Senate on yesterday and for
mally presented the impeachment
charges and asked for a trial of the
Judge on the charges presented. To
day, the members of the Senate were
impanelled, and each one took an
oath as a special judge to try the
charges of impeachment against
Judge Archbald. ' - " "
A Striking Object Lesson for the
Recall.
Notwithstanding the serious na
ture of the charges, supported by the
unanimous action of the House Ju
diciary Committee and the unani
mous vote of the House of Represen
tatives, save the vote of one Con
gressman, who explained his vote, yet
it freely predicted that when the Sen
ate comes to vote on the impeach
ment charges that two-thirds will not
vote to sustain the charges. This is
the tenth case of impeachment
against a Federal Judge, and so far
not one has been convicted, because
in every case one less than two-thirds
or a few less than two-thirds of the
Senate have voted for conviction.
This is a striking illustration, at a
most oportune time, of the necessity
for a simpler and more effective
method for the recall of judges.
Every one will admit that no man
is fit to sit on the Federal judiciary
against whom there are charges of
such grave nature as to be unani
mously supported by the Judiciary
Committee of the House, and then
unanimously, with one exception,
supported by a vote of the House. It
is horrible to think of such a man to
continue to sit on the bench for the
remainder of his life who has been
thus impeached by the House Judic
iary Committee and a vote of the
House, and who is by a majority vote
of the Senate declared to be guilty of
such charges.
In this connection, let it be re
membered that if Judge Archbald
has twenty-eight votes in his favor
and fifty-five against him, that he
will be declared acquitted and be per
mitted to serve the rest of his life on
the Federal bench simply because one
vote less than two-thirds voted to
convict him.
The Lorimer Case.
We use the above figures of fifty
five for conviction and twenty-eight
against, because they are the figures
represented by the striking vote just
cast by the Senate in the case of Sen
ator Lorimer. His friends attempted
to have the Senate to pass upon his
case under the two-thirds rule, which
is required in the case of the expul
sion of a Senator.
If such a rule had been adopted,
Senator Lorimer, who, on last Satur
day, was 'ousted from the Senate by
a vote of fifty-five to twenty-eight,
would have been acquitted, simply
because fifty-five is one less than
two-thirds of the vote cast The
Senate, however, decided that they
had a right to determine whether or
not Senator Lorimer was ever legal
ly elected, and that a majority vote
could determine this qquestion.
The Senators Who Flopped on the
Lorimer Vote,
When the vote on the Lorimer case
was taken on last Saturday, Senator j a fight la the North and East to c--
Simmons of North Carolina. Seaatorhesr New York. Machatta.
Cullom of Illinois, and Senator Car-
Hi Ot fULELMas. who had voted la the j
Other trial to whitewash ft9inr f.nr.!
other trial to whitewash Senator Lor- jgreeslv than the Sosthtra States
Imer, Sopped and voted this time that land which added together oal4 git
be W not entitled to his seat, b la a bar majority.
Some of the colleagues of these Sea-j A number of leading politicians
ators hare not been very corn pi! rata- j have been astonished at this an
tarr about their action 1 nouneemeat beeaaM thee ur tf Gov.
The slatement ha been beard from
Congressmen, to the effect that theyiod Mid 41 Wwt to Roosevelt, where
fioppedi simply because they were
frightened at the action of the people
In repudiating everr Senator who haa
so far5 come up for re-election who
voted to whitewash Senator Lorimer
before. lOne man, discussing the
case of Senator Cullom. said that his
action Jvas pitiable, because he had
alreadfjbeen defeated for re-election,
and that his vote now against Lori
mer was nothing to his credit.
In discussing the case of Senator
Curtis.ij.it was suggested that he
would hot strengthen himself with
the people of his State In shifting
his position, because every one would
say that he did it because he was he
was up for re-election and was afraid.
Similar .remarks have been made
about Senator Simmons of North
Carolina.
The Reduction of Express Rates.
The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion has been for months investigat
ing the express companies of the
United States, The report of the
Commission has just been published
showing that the express companies
have been giving the people a very
poor service and have been charging
an exorbitant rate therefor.
As a, result, the Commission has
Issued an order reducing express
rates in a very substantial way, espe
cially on the smaller articles shipped.
Substantial Reductions.
The Washington Times has figured
out the effect of the order of the
Commission as between Washington
and a number of prominent points In
the United States, showing that the
reduction that will result is very sub
stantial, runing from one-third to
one-half of the former rate. The fol
lowing is a table published by the
Washington Times today showing the
reductions between Washington and
the poSnamed in this table:
Between Wasb 3 pounds. 10 pounds.
Ington and Old. New. Old. New.
Baltimore .. .$0.25 $0.22 $0.30 $0.25
Boston 40 .24 .65 .35
Savannah ... .45 .27 1.00. .47
New York... .35 .23 .55 .30
New Orleans. .45 .31 1.25 .61
Atlanta 45 .27 .90 .47
Cheraw, S. C. .45 .25 .85 .39
Jacksonville . .45 .29 1.10 .51
S.NorwalkCt. .35 .23 .60 .32
Putnam Ct... .40 .24 .65 .34
Attala, Ala. . . .45 .28 1.00 .50
Birmingham
Ala. 45 .29 1.00 .51
Tuscaloosa A. .45 .29 1.10 .52
Bedford City
Va 35 .23 .60 .31
Knoxville,
Tenn 45 .26 .85 .44
Governor Gaither of Maryland Comes
Out for Roosevelt.
One of the most prominent men of
Maryland. Hon. George I. Gaither,
late Republican candidate for Gover
nor of that State, has just come out
in a public statement denouncing the
fraudulent nomination of Mr. Taft
and declaring for Col. Roosevelt as
the lawful Republican nominee for
President. He concludes his state
ment with the following:
"We must bring back the govern
ment of this country into the hands
of the people themselves, and allow
the politicians to come in as a part
of this great government, but not as
its masters and directors"
President Taft to Reply to Charges of
Theft.
It is announced today at the White
House that President Taft has been
urged by a number of his friends and
supporters that it was absolutely ne
cessary for him to issue an official
statement denouncing the widespread
charges to the effect that the Na
tional Committee unseated enough
delegates elected by the people to
prevent the nomination of Col.
Roosevelt and to steal the nomina
tion for him. It is said that he is
working on such a statement, and
that if it can be gotten into satisfac
tory shape that it will soon be issued.
Governor Wilson to Center His Fight
in the East. '
It is announced to-day that Gover
nor Wilson, after a long conference
with his leading supporters, has de
cided that it is practlcaly impossible
for him to carry any of the States
west of the Mississippi River or any
of the great Middle Western States,
including Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illi
nois, and 8o-forth. In short, It is an
nounced that Governor Wilson and
his advisers have decided that In
stead of making a strong progressive
fight, and appealing to the West and
Middle West, that they will take the
solid support of the South, which is
not very much progressive, and make
Connecticut. New Jersey, aad DeU-t
ware, which State are no wore prv j
tlva tfc fkr lttt I
ernor Wl!oa surrender the Wt I
every one admits that Pmldeat Taft
has practically no show, that it
endanger the ch asses of WlUoa
to!
hold tome of the Southern States, as
well as endanger his chance of car
rying New York .MMachuwtu and
New Jersey.
In short .at this writing, it Is clear
that the Wllon committee and man
agers are dlrlded and at sea as to!
what is the best course for them to!
pursue. They fear that if they were to
make a strong progresslre fight in the
West and Middle West against Roose
velt that the pronounced progressive
position that they would take In those
sections would alienate from them
the Northern and Eastern States.
GOV. WANTS TO SCOOT
South Garolina Executive
Galls his Enemies "Gutter
Snipes" and Cowards
Says Law Forbid a Challenge for
Duel But Dam Anyone to Face
Him and Charge Him With Graff.
Ing The Chargea Are Heard on
Georgias Soil, so as to Prevent a
Tragedy.
A special from Augusta. Ga.. to
Tuesday's Baltimore Sun says:
"Governor Cole L. Blease, of South
Carolina, is so mad because of the
charges of graft, ranging from traf
fic in pardons to rake-offs from 'blind
tigers,' brought against him by wit
nesses who testified before the South
Carolina legislative committee, which
concluded Its sessions here on Satur
day, that he openly threatens to kill
any man who tells him to his face
that the charge are true, ,
"The Governor is especially, hitter
against Thomas B. Felder, an attorv
ney of Atlanta, who "procured the
evidence. He is also denouncing
Judge Ira B. Jones, a candidate for
Governor, and the members of the
legislative committee, whom he calls
'guttersnipes and political prosti
tutes " 'If they will come to me, he con
tinues, 'I will call them something
that will make any man in South
Carolina fight
"Furthermore, the Governor has
Invited any member of the committee
who does not like what he has said
to meet him on the streets of Colum
bia and shoot it out.
"I will give any man $1,000 who
will get Tom Felder two feet on this
side of the Savannah River and let
me be present, said the Governor.
"Then his Excellency denounced
the committee for meeting in Georgia
instead of South Carolina. He char
acterized Georgia as 'a State that
can't raise anything but watermel
ons said Governor Brown, of Geor
gia, is 'a man who did not have sense
enough to raise even a watermelon.
"The Governor referred to his par
don rceord.
"They say that I have pardoned a
great many people, he declared. I
have, and, by the living God. I pro
pose to pardon more. That dirty set
of sneaks have gone over to Augusta
to take the testimony of Tom Felder,
and the Attorney-General of South
Carolina knows that Felder is the
gT eat est grafter that ever came into
the State Felder's statements are
false as h , and the cowardly little
puppy knows it, and that's why he is
afraid to come to South Carolina.
it is against the law to send
cnauenges in South Carolina, but if
any of that commltte will come to me
and tell me he believes what Tom
Felder said, you won't need any duel
ling law, and Charlie Smith will be
your Governor
"Charles A. Smith is Lieutenant
Governor of South Carolina.'
Atlanta, Ga., July 15. So sensa
tional was the testimony against
Governor Blease that the members of
the legislative committee before re
turning to Columbia, S. C, stated
that the investigation would be re
sumed at the South Carolina capital
this week.
The charge that Governor Blease
has been selling pardons is to be thor
oughly probed, as is also the charge
that he has been receiving $10 a
month from each of the fifty-five
blind 'tigers found operating in
Charletsoa. '
Turkish Cabinet Resigned Yesterday.
i Constantinople, July 17. Turkish
Cabinet resigned to-day in conse
quence of a revolt in the army against
the methods of the committee of
union and progress.
REAL ATvijTGSiCIlY
? tT
flCfl WflC.O Oi CXTuQ
Was Excited and and a
World-War was Threatened
A KOT OECCirJ KrttnS
be Klathl e With a Kalfe
fatifSMfst mi IstM IlecaMMt
Hitler That Oa Lare City Waa
T2atly Ietrjr4 a4 A tta
populated IW fcoca Ymre
Ilraaitu aad TtUmaaUm Xoartjr
Rained Kraaf e Xew RefvabJlc
Made a Had Mart UrtllUat Mar
nit
Ullki&svUle. N. C.. July IS. 1IU.
Correvpo&dtnc of The Caucasian
KaterprUe,
In a short time after the etecutioa
ov the King ov France at the tasta&ce
ov the French Redfthirta. practically
the whole ov the Empire becaae
stirred up, not an unusual state ov
affairs, but In this case the agitation
seemed more serious than usual. A
world-war wui threatened. Eaglaad
Increased her army; and, altogether
fourteen countries had armies ready
for any sort of strife. The French
people who were known ax Girondists
bad the aid ov a dew Joan de Arc.
Her name wui Charlotte Corday. She
ui not from the great hot atr capi
tal ov Mecklusburg County, N. C..
however, az her name would Indicate,
but from Normandy, a division ov
France. This girl landed in Paris oa
the 11th ov July. She spent some
days lookln about an sized up the
three men who were largely respon
sible for the unsettled condition ov
France, Damon, Robespierre an
Marat. With Charlotte Corday after
the trio somethtn wui bound to hap
pen.. Ater watchtn the conduct an
habits ov the lawless leaders some
days she concluded that Marat wui
the meanest in the bunch. But Marat
wuz sick with a form or fever, prob
ably malarial, about that time, and
this proved to hlz advantage, for Miss
Corday didn't care to kill a sick man.
regardless ov his record. Marat edit
ed a newspaper an' managed to write
some ov the meanest editorials which '
hit contained, sick though he wuz.
Finally Charlotte Corday went to the
home ov Marat, whose mistress de
nied admission. But Marat learned
that some one wuz present an had
the girl admitted. The scoundrel 1
said to hev been in hlz bathtub at the
time. He eagerly questioned Miss
Corday to learn somethin ov the
Girondist strength In Normandy,
what they were doin an so on. After
hearin' her replies he appeared to
grow very angry, sayln. "The Giron
dist leaders In Normandy shall be ex
ecuted." Miss Corday wuz far from
bein' in sympathy with the Giron
dists in Normandy or elsewhere,' but
the language ov Marat furnished the
inspiration an she sprang at Marat
an drove a knife Into biz breast an
one ov the three monsters wuz no
more. Charlotte Corday stood near
an' saw him breathe hlz last. She
wuz arrested at once an' hurriedly
tried an executed the same day
Marat wuz buried. Or course thous
ands lamented the death ov Marat,
though they were wastln breath.
Speak in ov the conditions then
existln' in France, a noted writer
said: "The convention Is a political
phenomenon which has existed, but
once; and its terrible power wuz
wielded by men ov the lowest ambi
tions. The Mountain (a division of
the Girondists) wuz a volcano, which
vomited its fires over Europe, while
It Inundated France with its incen
diary lava; an' the Jacobin Club, the
caves where the thunderbolts were
forged. Still these fanatics ov liber
ty remained poor, while they were
denouncln death upon the rich; as
they depopulated the earth, while,
they were promising themselves to
share its blessings an live like breth
ren. Everythln in fact' wuz Immo
lated to the fierce inflexibility of their
passions." This wuz anarchy in hit
worst form.
Ov course efforts were made to
shake off the terrible yoke. The
Girondists an' constitutionalists had
been called moderate men. rose at
Caen and Lyons. The convention
had decreed that Lyons, a prosperous
manufacturin city, should be de
stroyed. Marseilles, another thrivln
city, wuz depopulated for a time, an
even the name wuz ordered suppress
ed, show In' to what folly Redshlrt
politics had brought the country.
When we compare the democracy or
France one an two hundred years
ago with modern Bryan lam and Till
manlsm, we can't help notidn that
they were an' are one an the same
thing, with Just enough Catholicism
to flavor the whole business.
After things reached a crisis Tou
lon opened Its gates to the English,
probably thlnkin that foreign con-
(Ccsttsctd ca pis 5.)
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