A y L ' f ) . yi
( li t y
"A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY NEWSPAPER.
MAKION, N. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10, 1895.
A. Chinese tn fsom is the throwing
iintothe ocean of thousands of piecen
-f paper when friends are about to
sail away. Each piece bears written
cm it a prayer.
Marion, N. C.
R. H McUALL,
Asheville, N. C.
MORRIS & M'CALL,
Attorneys at Law.
rnolice in Dcliowell, Ibitherford,
Pals, Yancey and Mitchell counties,
nn'l in the United Hfates' Circuit Court
at A-lifvillc find Stat8vil!o, aDd in thu
Supreme Court of the St te. Iiuircaa
promptly attended to.
j f. mo h phew, '
A tt'irnoy nt La w,
Frirtires in the Courts of Mitchell
Yancey, liuncornbe, Watauga, Ashe;
Supreme a:i i Federal Courts.
L. 0. BIRD
Attomet and Counsellor at Law.
Marion, - N. 0.
Practices in all courts, State and Fed
eral. Special attention given to invest
tigating land titles and collecting claims,
ftfOflkc on Main Street.
JUSTICE & JUSTICE,
v Attornays at Law,
E. J. Justice is located here. Office iq
upper room of Flcmuiing Hotel.
H h'A B AKD MR LINE l
N KV I jI N K.
N w r ute to C al tl. , l: l. lli, Vi.
mi-gun, Ki. h noiid, Norfolk, VV.t hing
n. M tltiiiiorc ;,nd the K .st. A's t
A Ihii'ii, New Oilc tns a-id all points in
Ti .vis :stid tin- Southwest. Memphis
I'ans:is City, DeiiViT ami all point- in
hi- Cr. Mt West.
I'o. M ips, I-'., Id- r.-, Time Tables a.id
o vi st rates wi i'e to
15. A. NEW LAND,
Je. Ti iv. I 'ass. Agent,
( Tail' tte, N. C.
I.i :ic M it ion ('., C. C. C, r, a in
' ( In.iloite. S. A. L 1 1 50 a m
Am :ve Raleigh " li 00 pm
Wilmington " ( 25 p in
All inta " CO p ta
. I i A . Nkwi.anh. T. .1. Anpkuson,
t i' ;. a. ; pa.
S0UTHKKN K ILWA Y CO.
Ffrn Tltn t ontnll and Pt Worth.
Nortl.h.iui(t, jxo 34jNo 3!no lo''o S
M" 7. I8. Dully (Dolly jDotly pally
Lv. Novum, ah
L h ir'irslon
Ar Columbia ....
l.v AcctiMa . . ..
- OrjiltfviKe ..
Lv 'olnn !ia
" Wlnnshoro ..
" Cncsu-r. . ..
" Hock HU1
" KI.-tl!llO!'1. ..
" Walrincton .
.11 00 al 1.20 p .
. 3.05 plto aa p
. 7.05 pj 3 47 aj
I T.:0 ai ft .'JO pj.
..n.l. n. in. 10 t. .
11 (O b! ?no n
U 41 p 2.S0 p
n.in p 2 67 p
vi sr. a' s ot) p
. 8 .
.' 8 M
. 1 1 OA
., i so.
al 4.46 p
0 07 a 6.01 p
C M a
7 23 a 11.4 a! 7.W p
8.15 a K.lf. a 8 SO p
l .W p' I CO p l?01n
s Of) a
S5 pj 6.3.) jj 8 00 a
9 4. a 9 "8 pi 9 3.1 p
..11.00 a 11.33 pill :'o pj 8 0S a
. ; 1. 13 n 3 0 b :.oo a'1015 a
! 4T n. fi.?3 i c.23 all!.M
No 33 No 3.i; No 9 loST
i niij I'miy jinny uauy
" l'hi'ii li-iphiu.. .
" Halnm ro
S.30 p'l2.13nt 12.15nti 4.30 p
V5i p, 7 a: I 'M a1 8 3S p
t sr pi 9.42 IV, 9 41 a' 9.S0 p
to.w p n.oi a 11.01 a 10.43 p
::.4o a'i..so u : so nie.- a
Lv Char o 'e. ..
" K.u-k Mill...
" Viniiloro .,
A r i 'oliimbia . ..
Lv.Col'imr ia ...
" Trcn'on ..
a 11 13 p 11.(3 p, f 60 a
a 11.31 p 11 M pi 9 40 a
a li i'5ul lU6nt 10.17
O. 1.14 ft. 1.14 a 11.10 a
9 2 ;
.i a p
03 a, 2.20 p
. a,' 2.34 p
0 2 a. 3 W p
75 a' S SO p
4 20 p f 1U
8 4) p li M al
4 20 p
8 40 p
12 10 p' 2 30 ' .
3 Si p: B 4S a. .
1 7.03 p 10J a .
SLKKPIXG CAR SERVICE.
Nos St ni.a" Wa-li nton ami South
wtstpin Limited, comj-c.-ed nitirelr of Pull
man cars; niimmuw Fu'lman rate'f 2.00; n
extra fare. Through site ing cars between
Nw York ani SfW Orlran', New York rri
Mfinphis, anlNen Yoik, Asti villa an.i Hot
fcpiings. Dining car b.tweeu Greensboro
Nc s 33 and 34. New York and Florida hort
l ne limitei Fullmin rnrs an. first clas?
coaoh only. Through sleeping and com
partment cars bttween sew York ard St.
Augustine (two cars), and New York and
Auusta. A's i carries sleeping car between
Salisbury en i UanTille, operated between
sahsHury and Richmond Dining cars be
tween Salisbury and St Augus'ine.
Nns Siandcti, Unite! States fast mail,
tullnian slejpng cars beffen New York,
At anta and Montgomery , en New York and
Jack?onville Also has sleeping car between
tbariotre ant Augusta
no 12 sleeping cir Greensboro t- Rtleigh.
no slteping car Hateigh t . Greensboro.
ihrough ticiitts -us le at rincii al sta
t.ons to all points. F r rates or information
1 ply tony ant of th omipany. or to
J SB THOMPSON. .up rinUndent
rut Division, i RQviil-, v'a.
, C RYDER, mpeiintendent Second
Uivision, Charlotte, x. c.
W.II GKEl.N, G.nera! Manager Eastern
)Stem, Washinton I)
W. A. TURK. Gen I Tnss. Agt.,
V6s,Liiitton, D. U.
Mak;aj Artificial Whalebono.
Accorainpf to the Genie Civil, the
Munck process for the roanufactnrt
of artificial whalebone is likely to de
Telop into an important industry. It
consists in first treating a raw hide
with sulphide of Bodiuin and then re
moving the hair; following this, the
hide ia immersed for a period of
twenty-four to thirty-six houra in a
weak Bolution of double sulphate of
potassa and is then stretched upon a
frame or table, in order that it may
not contract upon drying. Thy de
siccation is allowed to proceed slowly
in broad daylight and the hide is then
exposed to a temperature of from fifty
to sixty degrees; the influence of the
light, combined with the action of
'he double sulphate of potassa ab
porbed by the skin, render i the gela
tino insoluble in water and prevent)
petrification, the moisture, moreover,
being completely expelled. Thus
prepared the fckin is submitted to a
strong pressure, which gives to it al
most the hardness and elasticity
which characterize the genuine whale
bone, with the advantage that before
or after the processes of desiccation
any color desired may be imparted to
it by means of a dye bath. The ma
terial can be rendered still further re
sistant to moisture by simply coating
it with rubber, varnish, lac, or other
substance of the kind. Chicago
Odd Way to Achieve Matrimony.
Queer marriages are not uncommon
in Germany, but the way in which a
mau named Hermann May chooses to
achieve matrimony is particularly
odd. He stopped a pretty young
woman in the street with the words:
"Kindly read this, young lady !" and
placed a letter in her hand at the same
time. The letter was an offer of mar
riage in proper form. The man was
arrested on her complaint and ex
plained in court that he had captured
bis first wife, nince deceased, in the
same way. New York Sun.
The Toothsome Tiiiamoii.
The toothsome reed bird and quail
will have a rival iu a new claimiut for
popular favor. It is tho tinauion, a
native of South America, wheuce they
are exported. The bird is described
as being a little bigger than a quail,
but not as large as a'pfieusaut. It is
a deep olive color, slightly and nar
rowly banded with black, with a red
crown. It is decidedly gamey iu flavor,
and sells for $0 a dozen. The bird
promises to become a favorite. Phil
Practical and Scientific Iiarber. Over
Stiectm u's drug store. Call and see
no, as I promise sitisfaction in nil in-
OfTeishis professional services to hU
friends and foimer patrons of
Mrion and vicinity. All work
guaranteed to be first class, and
as reasonable as such work can
Office opposite the Fh-mmingj House.
Is th only Democratic Newspaper in
McDowell county, and has a large cir
culation in adjoining counties. It pub
lishes all the news without fear or
favor, and is the organ of no ring or
It is the bold champion of the peo
ple's rights, an earnest advocate of the
best interests of the county of McDow
ell and the town of Marion. Its adver
tising rates are reasonable, and the sub
scription price is $1.00 per year in ad
If you want the best newspaper in tha
country brimming full of choice reading
matter for business men, farmers, me
chanics, and the home circles of all
classes subscribe and par for the
Record. Ifyou don't, why just don't,
and the paper will be printed every
Thursday evening as usual.
If you haven't enough interest In yout
county's wellfare to sustain the best ad
vocate of its diversified interests, and its
truest friend the newspaper yon need
not expect a 2-column obituary notice
when your old etingy bones are hid
from the ejea of progress in the
All wbo owe subscriptions to toe
Rkcord will be .Uopped from our list
uiles thej pay op at once,
Yjurk R. sp, ttfuliy,
Tne Marion Record,
AN EASTER RUNAWAY:
BY MRS. M. U BATXZ.
ATAXIA, Sicily, has
St. Agatha for its
patron eaint, and
that is why a little
child was lost on
Easter morn at
early dawn, causing
the most intense
excitement in an
ter of the city, atd
precipitating a Borneo and Juliet love
climax that had long agitated two
It all came abont from the willful
curiosity ot little Agitha Boneti, who
wanted to eee the pretty lady with the
veil. The child's nurse had told her
the wonderful story of which every
Sicilian child knows, the miraculous
veil which the saint had extended
against the great wave of lava that
was pouring over the valley, and how
the lava tide turned toward the 6ea
and the vineyards and cities were
saved from destruction. It was to
see the dear St. Agatha in her Easter
glory that the little namesake ran
away in her. muslin and lace night
robe and her bravo little lace cap.
Her naked, rosy feet pattered along
the street to tho big church, where
all the wonderful sights were making
ready for Easter.
It was very early, even for devout
worshiper?, but a lovely penitent was
aiready kneeling at the altar, and
from behind a pillar a dark, hand
some cavalier watched and waited for
her. They wera lovers by stealth,
but the girl's duenna was in sympathy
with them, and was eaying a prayer
at a distance with her back turned.
And just then the little night-clac
child came in as round and fresh and
rosy as if it had just dropped Iron:
heaven with the kiss of creation new
on its innocent lips.
It was to be an unconicious agent oi
both good and evil in its own irre
The beautiful Signorina Beatrice Di
Garnio had finished her prayers and
turned just iu time to suppress a
scream of apprehension at what 6he
saw. Too late ! The mischief waf
There was a gorgeous rug spread ir
front of the chancel. It had been the
gift of wealthy patrons of the church,
and was in itself a marvel of beauty
and art. It resembled a snperb piece
of tapestry, but, would you believe
it, the whole design was a floral one.
There were sacred emblems of th
church wrought in the centre oi
this wonderful creation, the petals
of a thousand flowers contribut
ing their gorgeous colors. The yel
low rose and chromatella formed 8
border, with great clusters of violets,
and alternates of purple wistaria, and
the flowers of the Holy Ghost, all out
lined on a fringe of Grenada grass. It
gave forth a subtle perfume that was
almost intoxicating, and the beauty
of it was a 6weet distraction of the
senses. And what the Signorina
Beatrice saw was the figure of the
child as she stopped her runaway tour
at the front of tho chancel, and,
raising one rosy baro foot, plunged it
deep into the tapestry of flowers that
had been wrought for an Easter offer
ing to the church.
"St. Agatha protect her !" cried the
sturtled signorina, horrified at this act
of baby sacrilege; "anl it ia oh, by
all the saints, Leonardi, it is the child
of your sister it is the little Agatha
Tho cavalier's answer was hardly
suited to the sacred edifice, but he
was equal to the exigency of the mo
ment. He made a rapid detour of
the altar, and snatched baby Agatha,
who had dropped plump on her small
kuees into the centre of the rug, and
swung her clear of the entanglement,
but he saw with dismay that one de
sign of the perfect floral mosaic waf
"Thou bad little one? How darest
thou come hither alone to do all this
harm? Where is thy nurse, naughtj
Agatha, that she should have let the
do this wicked thing?"
"Nay. chide her not, Leonardi. Shi
is only a baby. See ! her lips tremble.
She is afraid ! Come, little darling.,
tell thy own Beatrice "
Then the signorina stopped and
hung her fair, sleek head like a lily
on its stem.
She hates me, too," she eaid, pas'
isionately, "because of the old hatred
between our families. Ob, Leonardi,
the priest is coming. He will be very
The priest was indeed coming. The
sweet music from an invisible choir
was filling the church with ravishing
strains, and the acolytes in their brave
finery were taking their places. The
father paused in anger and dismay.
. ll5Biflfcaj do.ne tljis dardlyjdeed?
To the dungeon with him ! Send for
"Stay, reverend father," 6aid Leon
ardi, laying a detaining hand on the
priestly srm, "this is the offender,
this child, who is of my own lineage,
and I will pay you for the harm she
has wrought. You Bhall have a pres
ent for every flower spoiled."
"But my rug my beautiful, pre
cious rug, sent from the princely
house of Biscari? Think you, eig
nor, they will take money for its
"Listen, father," eaid the Signorina
Beatrice, at this moment approaching,
"I have sent Anita for some flowers,
and I will repay the damage this poor
baby has done. Leonar di, thou wilt
help me?" This with a heavenly blush,
as she stretched out a supplicating
"On one condition," said the 6ignor
with a fierce determination in his
bold, handsome eyes. "It is as thou
Eeest, father, a sad thing that such an
accident should befall so fine a gift,
and betokens a want of care on the
part oi the custodian of this church.
When they ask who is to blame they
cannot punish the little child, who
does not know her right hand from
her left. Hold, reverend father ! Not
a touch shall the signorina give to
repair the harm to thy fine rug if thou
do not instantly say the words that
make her my wife. Will do it?"
"But, 6ignor the permit the holy
"Neither holy father nor permit
are required. Marry us as thou dost
two of the people. Such marriage is
binding and valid. Again will do
The duenna had returned with the
flowers, but Beatrice, white as the
whitest lily there, waited her lover's
"Come with mo to the sacristy. I
am compelled to do thy bidding. But,
signor, it will cost thee "
"Gold! Thou shult have it. Here,
Anita, take this child she shall be
our bridesmaiden and thou and she
our two witnesses. Ha! ha! Love
laughs at locksmiths. Wo will break
fast with the child's mother, and all
will be well."
The frightened dueuua dared not re
sist, and seeing her young mistress
smile at her reassuringly, she took
heart of grace, and said to herself, it
waseverjso; youug love would have
its way and she pretended to herself
to be glad she was old.
The great congregation had not half
filled the church, the choir in scarlet
and lace were chanting the services
when the Lady Beatrice diGarmo rose
from her knees, her veil concealing
her face, and the 3uperb rug was dis
played, perfect in its first conception,
a masterpiece of floral embroidery.
And being faint with excitement and
no small degree of fear, she did not
stop for f'.trther adoration she had
prayed incessantly while she wrought
but took her husband's arm, and,
followed by her strange retinue, left
the church, Leonardi guiding her
steps to his sister's house.
Here all was terror and confusion;
messengers had been sent for Leonardi
and had returned without finding him.
The police were hunting everywhere.
Agatha, the only child, was lost.
But when they received her from
the arms of the new aunt, and were
told that old feuds were now to be
laid aside, and the story of the finding
of the little St. Agatha, and tho re
pairing of the mischief her small fin
gers had done, was repeated, what
could they do but add their forgive
ness to the Easter jubilee, and before
night the two families were united at
the feast of Easter. And the little
bridesmaid was crowned as befitted
one who had brought about such a
happy state of nffiirs by running
away to look for her patron saint, her
dear St. Agatha.
Miss Dudine "Aw, Mr. Dudely,
did you aw observe Lent?"
Mr. Dudely- "Yaas, at a distance,
don't von know."
Southern Financial Items.
The Maryland Trust Co., has ln'iight
$30,000 in 3 per cent, bonds of Fred
The city of Wilmington, X. C, will
issue $o0,(H0 in per cent. lond.s for
debtfunding purposes. S. H. Fbh
blate is mayor.
W. A. Law has bt-t-n chosen prei
dent, and J. J. Evans, ca.-hier, of the
Central National Bank, organized at
Spartanburg, S. C, with $1(V,(m0
A New Explosive.
Vienna, Austria, April 8. The
President of the Xoble Company,
makers of explosives, announced at
the general meeting in Vienna the dis
covery and successful production of a
i blastins explosive which is not affec-
! ted by firedamp and can be csed with
safety in the most dangerous mines.
JAIWN TO CIVILIZK CHINA.
Conditions of Peace which will Open
China to the Commercial World.
London, April 8. The Central
News corresKndent in Shanghai states
that the conditions of peace proposed
by Japan in addition to the ir-deinm-dence
of Corea, the war indemnity and
the cession of Formosa and Liao Tung
Providouco, including Port Arthur,
Japan requires, he says, that China
shall allow the unhampered importa
tion of machinery into her territory
and the establitdiing and management
of manufacture by foreigners. She
must pledge herself, moreover, to open
to the vessels of all nations; the Yang
Tse River as far us Ching Kuug Fio,
the Sieng Kiang as far as Sieug Kiaug
as far as Siaug Tan Kien, the CpitMi
River as far as On Choo Foo, the Wa
sting River and the canal as far as Soo
Choo to the North and Hang Chti Foo
to the South. China must remove
permanently the Wusung bar and pro
vide means to maintain and provide
constantly a depth of water sufficient
for large vessels, ami the cities of
Chang King Foo, Ou Choo Foo, Soo
Choo Foo, Hang Chu Foo, and others
to be hereafter agreed upon must be
opened up to foreign commerce. Japan
emphasizes the fact that she doew not
desire for herself commercial advan
tages that are not extended to the
other treaty Powers.
FA I It (iKOl'NDS SOLO.
A Califoriiian Proposes to Have W inter
Kacing at liiriiiinxham.
Birminmiiam, Ala., April 8. Hay
den Dargin, a wealthy horse race man
from California, ban purchased the
grounds and buildings of the Birming
ham Fair Association. This race truck,
already one of the best in the South,
will be put in first-class condition and
other facilities provided to make Bir
mingham an important racing point.
It is the purpose of Dargin and his as
sociates to secure membership for this
city in the southwestern racing circuit
mid to hold meetings lure regularly,
beginning next fall. A large number
of race horses will nlso bo wintered
here. The deal involved $12,500.
Minister Hansom in 3Ieieo.
A city of Mexico special dated April
8th, says that United States Minister
Ransom rested easier yesterday, but
that a large carbuncle had developed
on his neck and a similar inconven
ience on his elbow. These, with the
extreme hoarsness which troubles him,
will jMobably prevent his taking uii
active part in the duties of his new
office for a week or so. The new en
voy is greatly pleased with Mexico.
Until the minister recovers from his
indisposition the legation remains in
charge of Edward C. Butler, secretary.
Butler will officially inform the Mexi
can Government of the arrival of the
new representative and within a few
days will ask his official reception and
recognition by the President and Cab
inet. shot fkom AJinrsii.
One Hoy Instantly Killed and Another
One Fatally Injured.
Ashkville, N. C, April 8. Ernest
Sumner was shot from ambush last
night eight miles from here and in
stantly killed. Charley West, a boy
of the same age, was filled with shot
from the same charge that killed Sum
ner. The boys were riding double on
a horse within 175 yards of the house
of Jesse Sumner. West was fatally
injured. Jesse Sumner, suspected of
the shooting, is under arrest. All par
tics are well known and of good ami
Would Not Pass a Brother's cconnts.
Justice Lawrence, sitting in Supreme
Court Chambers, yesterday, was asked
to pass the accounts of the iate Will
iam T. Lawrence, the Judge's brother,
as receiver. The Justice, after hear
ing the application, denied the
motion, adding :
"My brother John was a practicing
attorney in these courts for year.-, and
in ths twenty-one years that I have
been on tha bench I never appointed
him a receiver or referee. I do not
propose to issue an order, therefore,
to pass tha accounts of another
brother. Make the application be
fore another Judge, and he will
probably grant it." New YorkTimes.
Interesting His Ifaee.
Sklma, Ala., April H. W. F. Croek
et, a young negro from Montogomery,
Ala., is in the city trying to work up
interest among the colored people in
the Atlanta exposition. He wants the
negroes to organize and show what
they have done in the way of develop
ing themselves. Crocket is an intelli
gent negro, and is working up much
enthusiasm among the negroes here.
He goes from here to other cities in
the State, and is meeting with much
success in his efforts.
His Fortune Follows his Fame.
PETERsBrR, Va., April 7. Gen.
Wm. Mahone has made an assignment
under deed of trust to Judge Edmund
Waddell, of Richmond. The trust in
cludes even the Mahone family resi
dence with its furniture and all hi
personal projerty, and is made to se
cure notes aggregating about $0,
000. A Confederate Republican Suicld.
LexisotoN, Va., April 7. William
B. Beard, of Coilierstown, in this
county, committed suicide by taking
rough on rats. He was a prominent
Republican, a well-to-do farmer and
an old Confederate soldier. He refus
ed medical aid.
FACTS AND FIGURES.
One 3Iember of the Junketing Commit
tee Had Ills Eyes Open.
Boston Mass. Charles A. Bancroft
of Clinton, House chairman of the
Legislative junketing committee has
the following to say:
In the first place we must recognize
tho fact that, in familiar words, "a
condition and not a theory confronts
ns" that cotton mills are being built
and successfully managed in the South
cannot be gainraid, that many of them
are paying very liberal dividends is
equall C true, and that the present con
ditions favor the establishment of
plants for the manufacture of certain
grades of cotton goods in the South
seems to me very plain. It may be
said that a citizen of Massachusetts,
should not acknowledge the snperiorty
of advautag?B of other localities, but
when fact exist it is most certainly
unwise not to give them a careful con
sideration and weigh fairly their sig
nificance when those facts have a di
rect bt-aring upon our own interests.
Asa practical demonstration of the
advantages attending the manufacture
in the South of coarse cotton yarns
over the same manufacture in the
North, let us consider a very few of
the important items which enter into
the cost of the finished product.
While in the South recently the follow
ing statistics were furnished me by
a gentleman residing in Lowell, Mass.,
interested in a small cotton mill in
that city, who is about to establish a
mill iu the South for the manufacture
of coarse cotton yarns, and the figures
are taken from pay sheets and mill
books actually in existence.
Considering the items of saving in
cotton and labor alone we find the
Actual -os-t of labor In somplndle mill
for one year in Lowell Mam.. wa
Actual cotit of same labor Id Sautb m pic
20. IRS i
Saving in South
Actual cost of cotton for 50"10 itnlle mill
in lwell, Mass., ws
t'ot of aame lit S-nith wouM have ttn
Saving In South
Total savin? in lirms of cotton an l labor
Not taking into consideration the
large saving in cost of coal, the lower
mi, of taxation and the lower cost of
living, it would seem that the Southern
mills are eujoyiug very considerable
advantages. Now as against these
advantPges the South is laboring
tinder certain disadvantages of some
importance. They are a thousand
miles from the base of supplies for
cotton machinery and findings of
every kind, involving on the former
heavy freight charges once, and on
the latter constant annoyance and ex
pense for transportation. Th-ro seerrs
to be a difference of opinion as to the
relative cost of buil ling and equipping
of mills in tho North and South, but
the best judgment would seem to indi
cate that the South has a slight disad
vantage is this respect.
It is generally conceded that the
New England mill owners are better
constructors, better manufacturers,
merchants and financiers than Southern
mill owners as a rule, and hence they
have made goods witli better relative
economy and made better goods, and
in the main have sold them for better
prices. In regard to tho labor ques
tion, Mayor J. F. Hanson of Macon,
Ga., a very large mill owner and an
impartial gentleman, has said to me in
a receut interview: "The labor ques
tion is the most impoitant factor in
determining the relative advantages of
the two sectious. Massachusetts mill
owners run but 58 hours a week, while
the running time in the South, except,
perhaps, iu Virginia, is from 11 hours
per day up. Grauting that -the labor
of Massachusetts is the more skilful,
and her mill management is more
efficient, she cannot overcome the
difference of eight to twelve hours
extra running time per week iu South
This difference will disappear in
time, and nothing would hasten so
effectually the reduction of time or
the increase of wnges in the South as
the building of a few large cotton
mills. I believe that a half dozen new
mills of 40,000 spindles each would
advance the price of cotton mill lalor
in the South 10 to 15 per cent. In
time we shall have labor organizations
that will demand and secure proper
legislation for the protection of our
cotton mill labor. I don't r-ee how
Massachusetts will long compete mic
cessfnlly with the South in cotton
manufacturing under h?r laws, as
again-1 ours. Tin advantage of our
osition in this r spet-t is an evil, and
it consists in wh:it ih wiung fiom our
The consensu of opinion teems to
be that under existing Uws controlling
the running of mills the advantage,
certainly in the manufacture of goods
not requiring skilled laltor, i rtrongly
with the South. I Ixdieve, however,
that it will be many years before
there will be an abandonment of our
mill, as my confidence in the ekill
and energy of our New England work
men convinces me that fin?r prodncts
will take the place of the coarse yarns
and cloths now drifting Southward.
It is most unfortunate that laws regu
lating the nours of labor and kindred
matters are local in their nature, and
that the solicitul of Missachuettsfor
her laboring i-opulation places her at
t disadvantage iu competition with
An Invitation Declined.
The Vanderbilt Benevolent nsocia
tion, of Charleston, S. C, have exten
ded an invitation to th Washington
correspondent to viit Greenville on
Mav 2-i to witness the decoration ol
tha grave of the Rev. IX. N. Well, D.
D.. of the M. E. Church, South. The
committee in charge of the excursion
have been compelled to decline the in
vitation as the party will not leava
Washington for the South until May 27.
JEFFKKJSON DAVIS'S 310X131 KNT
Veteran Camps to 3Ukc Collection on
Richmond, Va., April 4. At a meet
ing of tho board of directors of
the Jefferson Davis Monument Asso
ciation a resolution was" adopted
askincr the president of the ansociatHoi
to communicate, without delay, with
cam of Confederate veterans and
other organizations throughout the
South requesting them to arrange in
such manner as rnav Wst suit their
views to make collections on June 3d
next, the birthday of the Confederate
president, for the puriHse of erecting
iu this city a monument to his mem
ory. Aged Minister and Young Olrl Slurry.
LviuWki-su. Va.. April 4. Dr.
George W. Carter, of Portsmouth,
well known Methodist minister, ngel
alnuit 75 years, and Miss Virginia
Statham, daughter of Thomas S. Stat
ham. of this citv. alout '21 years of
age, went to Washington on the after
noon train yesterday, with the avowt-.i
Diirnoso of irt ttinir married. Applica
tion was made here to two Methodist
ministers to officiate, but on account
of an ecclesiastical bar they wire com
pelled to decline. It is this disparity
of age that has occasioned great Mir -priso
among the friends of iM.th parties
to the affair. The marriage took placo
at tho home of Dr. W. P. Carr, a son-
in-law of the griH.m. Dr. tarter was
a colonel in the civil war.
LIST OF PATENTS
Granted to Southern iuventors last
B. J. Best, Shine, X. C, Stone en
A. II. Cole, Xewport Xews, Vu.,
W. F. Martin, Salem, X. C., Separ
C. J. Mellin, Richmond, Va., Com
J. IVrfater, Christiansburg, Va.,
(i. Vyne, Xorth Wilkesborongh, X,
F. 1. White, Shallotte, X. C
All Egg That Holds Two (.'.illon.
One of tho most interesting speci
mens in the National Museum at
Washington, D. C, is a cast of an egg
of most gigantio size, which was fouud
in a guano bed on the island of Mad
agascar, about twenty-five years ago.
The shell of this egg will hold almost
exactly two gallons of liquid, which
would make its capacity equal to 118
average sized eggs laid by the com
mon barnyard fowl. The bird which
laid this mammoth egg is now extinct,
and has been for probably i!00 years.
To the scientist who knows it by its
bones and eggs--it is known as tho
epiornis, and its restored skeleton)
prove it to have been a bird of at leiut
twelvo feet in height. Arab sailors
w ho visited Madagascar centuries ago,
when the epiornis was still living, are
believed to have brought back the
stories concerning it which finally de
Teloped into the fabulous n&rrativea
of the roc. St. Louis Republic.
Native Count r j ol the Hop Plant.
Tho hop plant is suppoced to be fl
native of Great Britain, but doubted
by eomc authors; but it is found wild
in other parts of Europe, Asia, snd
plentifully almost everywhere in tho
Uhited States from the Atlautio to the
Pacific Ocean. Under cultivation the
hop has been somewhat improved, and
several distinct varieties are now recog
nized. But the cultivation of this
plaut for brewing purposes is of com
paratively late date, for it was not
planted in England in srardensor else
where until about 1522, and a ie
years later Parliament was requested
to prohibit its use as an unwhole
some weed that would spoil the tasto
of beer. We do not think that tha
Druids had any drink made with hop,
but they no doubt had something cla
equally as stimulating. New York
A Judge Contest.
Ralkioh, X. C. Charles A. Cook
called ou Gov. Carr and asked if Judge
Meares had accepted Governor Carr's
. ? . 1 A t 1
commission. lie was iniorniu mm
he had done so. At noon Judge Cook
left for home in Warrenton. He then
said that he had found that Judge
Means had Ix-en commissioned and
sworn in anl bad Ken informed by
the Governor that he was duly quali
fied. Judge Cook said it whs now a
matter for the court to wttle and that
he would not goto Charlotte. Judgn
Cooke has applied for and obtain
ed i-rmiion from the Attorney
General to bring an action in quo
warranto to try the title to the judge
ship. Judge Meares will hold court
in Mecklenburg without contest.
A Baby With Two Heads.
Coll'MBCH. Ga., April 5. A freak
of nature in the shape of a two-headed
l-aby was born here several n.gbt ago.
The mother, a colored woman named
Martha Johnson, resides in a two-room
hoiiM on Seventh street, between Third
and Fourth avenues. The baby ha
two head which are supported by one
neck, the back of the two Leads tsting
joined together in one, so to speak.
A Bicycle Boat.
A Racine man has invented a bicy
cle boat, which he considers practical
in every particular. It ia ten feet
long, five feet and two inches wide;
the body is composed of inflated tubes
and the wheel will be worked by the
pedal, while the machine will bo
ateert-d by the handle. Oshkoab
(Wis.) Xorth western.
Almost all the Turkish taxes ar
armed out, and the resulting corrnj
tion is rtxj great.