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0 / 75
y . , . -T" i TTJ-f , r ;
f - - - - i I
Every perfect and maturecLseed coti
talns the germ of anew plant of the
species to which it owa its own exis
tence. If you separate the two lobes of
a bean, or other seed of a similar char
acter, yoawili discover, pressed .be
tween them at the undivided or. stem
end. or side, a minute kernel or bud.
This, though a mere point, as it were,
contains the rudiments of two or more
nnovpinnpd loaves, united by a solid
undivided Bortion.- called, in the
lonrm.trA of botbatanv. the radicle arid
. constitutes an embryo plant, holding
within itself all the elements of vegeta
w nf The commencement of the
vital life action which produces the
Hpwlnnmpnt of this embryo is called
The conditions essential to germina
tion are the presence ofmo ut ure, tcarmin
onH mnrnrn nflJt. !
In the absence of moisture, no effect
toward germination is produced by the
oresence of warmth or oxygen, or any
'other gas. Moisture and oxygen gas
TvHhrmtwiirmth. are eaually ineffica-
rinntv nnd ro are moisture and wartb
in the absence of the oxygen ; for seeds
will not germinate in a vacum, nor in
distilled or recently boiled water. j
. Mnfetnre ia necessary to -soften and
expand the various "parts, to disolve
soluble matter, and to establish "a sort
nf circulation. The embn-o seems also
to have the power of decomposing
water; and it im probable that a portion
of the oxygen required is obtained ti
this way. The rest must come from
hAir? fnr it is found that a commu-
nirotinn with tho atmosDhere is abso-
lntoiv respntml to oerfect cermination
The effect of heat appears to be to set
the vital principal In action, xo expanu
4i,nir in thfi numerous microscopic
cavities of the seed, - and to produce
iotmti'nn nfftll the orraDic Darts, ine
Aotrr-a. r,f hft roouiretl. vanes with
different species. The common chick
weed will germinate at a "temperature
but little above tne ireezing-puiiu,
while the seeds of many tropical .plants
of from 90 to 110 (Fan-
htit tn call them into action.f-
whwt. rv. and barley will crerminate
ti a Hwrrpe vflTvin? from 113a to
167 i3 capable of destroying the vitali
ty of the various grains, beans, peas,
etc Direct light, so essential to sub
sequent vegetation, is umavoruuie u
germination. . ' . I
Th time reouired for crernimation is
diffprpntin different species of
plants. Much also depends upon soil,
climate, degree of moisture, etc. Un
der favorable circumstances, wheat,
rye, oats, and millet will -germinate in
one day; beans, turnips, radishes and
mustard in three days; lettuce in four
days; melon, cucumber, squash, and
pumpkin In five days; barley in severt ;
cabbage in ten; parsley in fifteen; al
mond, peach and peony in one year,
and hawthorn in two years. -
The time that seeds will retain their
vitality also differs in different species,
but in all cases depends partly upon
the degree in which they are excluded
from the action of .moisture and light.
Kidney-beans, peas and carrot-, pars
nepsand rhubarb seeds are generally
considered as losing their vitality at
the end of one year,T?ut will sometimes
germinate after being kept much lon
ger. , .1
These facts have important bearings
upon the subject of horticulture, and
should be constantly borne in mind;
and especially is it reouisite that the
essential conditions of germination be
held in remembrance. A failure tjo
germinate is doubtless often attributed
to bad seeds, when the fait is entirely
in the planting. It must be perfectly
evident that if your seeds arc insuffi
cient! v covereo! in a lisrht, dry soil,
they will lack the first essential of ger-4
and perish for want of moisture. This
. is why light soils should be pressed to
gether and upon the seed in planting,
either by means of a roller or other
wiso. Seed3 buried too deeply, or cov
ered with a heavy, dense soil, pressed
too closely upon them, fail to germin
ate for want of communication with
the atmosphere. If there be not -sufficient
warmth in the soil at the time of
planting, and it remain cold for a con
siderable time thereafter, the seedsjust
as surely perish. t
Remember the condition of germin
ationmoisture, warmth, and oxygen
gas (or air containing oxygen.)
Germination being established by
the action of moisture and warmth,"
and maintained by the oxygen of the
atmosphere, all parts of the embryo
enlarge, ana new parts arc formed at
the expense of a saccharine or sugary
secretion, which the germinating seed
possesses the power of forming. With
the assistance of this substance, tho
root or radicle, at first a mere rounded
cone, extends and pierces the earth-in
search of fooa. While, the other ex
tremity elongates in the opposite di
rection, bringing the votyledons, or seed
leaves (except when these remain per
manently in tho ground, as in the p'fca,
wheat, rye, etc.,) and the rudimentary
leaves and stem, to'thc surface of the
eni!. Tho nrocesa -of erermination is
now completed the plant is born.
.... Oflclal Return , j
nf the rote for Attorney General at taei
? Election held on theitA day of Aug., 1870.
Also, the Official Vote for and against
"Convention, August 3rd, 1871. v , j -:
a a 1
where they occur
4,221 !j 9,2451
NriTE The vote of Caswell and Gates
c-ounties (unofficial) was as follows
- This would mike Shipp majority m
How to make Bread Ciieese-
. Cakes Tke 1 nutmeg, grated ; lpint
cream ; eggs ; J pound butter j i pound
' currants ; 1 spoonful rose-"water ; 1 ien
njMoaf of bread. Scald the cream, slice
the bread thin as possible, and pour tho
cream boiling on to it ; let it stand two
hours. Beat together the eggs, butter,
'and grated nutmegs, and rose-water;
add the cream and bread, beat well, and
bake in patty-pans on a raised crust.!
. "WiiiteXemox Cake. Rub well to
gether G ounces butter, 1 J pounds flour:
add pint (well-beaten) eggs, Impound
rmlverizpd suirar. 12 drops essence of
lemon, and 2 drachms carbonate of am
mania. The ingredients should be
mixed into a paste, with as little hand
ling as possible, rolled out about lis
thick as a silver dollar, cut in cakes,
and baked on buttered tins, with a gen-
- tlo heat. . 1
- . t
To make Lemon Cake. To 1 pound
of sifted flour, 1 "pound of sugar," and
j of a pound butter : rub tho butter and
- sugar to cream ; add the woll-beaten
vnllrrf.'ipow. l pill of wine. 1 gill of
brandy, and 1 gill of cream with part of j flrined
tho flour, na l pouna oi sronm raising,
or well-prepared currants, and spic.-s to
the taste ; and then add the whites of
5 eggs, beaten to a stiff froth, with the
jemainder of the flour., C
Opinions in the Supreme Court.
fV. Unwind nninirma havo lee ellVCreL in
k iri " c
cases heretofore argued: p - j
rjy Pearson, C. J.
" State vs. Beverly Jefferson, from Warren.,
Error. Judgment reversed. I
Wni. Falls vs. R. F. Gamble from Gas
ton. No error. Judgment" aflirmed.
J. V. Franklin vs. W. W. Vanno3', et al.,
from Iredell. No error. Judgment af
firmed. N. II. Fry vs. A. I Ramsour.vfrom
Caldwell. No error. Judgment atnrmed.
J. J. Mott rt al.. s. S. McP. Tate et al.
rmtn Tr.-rtPli o error. Jndement af
Iiv Headk. j
"B S Atkinson vs .Win. Whitehead, from
Pitt. No negligence. Judgment affirmed.
D C Ghormely vs S P. Sherrell,- from
Cherokee. Judgment affirmed and cause
R Robbitt vs Liverpool and London 'and
Globe Insurance Co., from Granville. Error.
Venire de novo. " " I
D M Gudger vs A E Beard, et af., from
Buncombe. Judgment modified and cause
remanded. ' f
XT Hortou vs R R McCall. from .Cald
well. No error. Judgment affirmed
Ttv HodmAn. J. "
f - . v m r i.
McKesson & Hunt vs jones, iienuennan
& Carter, from Burke. No error. J udg
ment a farmed. J
S W Isler vs Brown fc Cox, from Jones.
Judgment reversed. Venire de novo.
S W Isler vs William Foy et al., from
Jones. No error. Judgment affirmed.
G W Swepson vs J C Harvey et al., from 1 sprting Iho words,
Alamance. . Judgment reversed and cause
remanded.' - -- . I
Clerk's office vs Bank of Capo Fear.
Clerk directed to-retain fund to satisfy
By Dick, J.
Charles Skinner vs D G Maxwell,
Mecklenburg. No , error. ,. -Judgmen
firmed. - -
State vs Benjamin Staton, from Transyl
vania. No error. Judgment affirmed.
R II Battle, receiver, vs S W Davis, from
Wake. No error. Judgment affirmed.
Benjamin Askew vs J M. Pollock, etal.,
from Jones. Error. Judgment reversed.
Henry King, xetltor, vs Wilmington
Ar. WHdon R R Company. From Wilson.
No error. Judgment affirmed,
Ttv TinvnKV. J.
"Xr t. Koiiann vs Isaac Bi iceman, et
rom Buncombe. Noefror. Judgment af-
A J Loftis vs Nancy Baxter, irom lran-
hvlvania. Error. Judgmtnt revenca.
In pursuance of An Act of the General
Assembly, ratified the 23rd day of January,
1872, I have caused . to be published the.
following certified copy of " An Act to alter
the Constitution of North Carolina'
j i E. J. WARREN,
tn President of the Senate.
' January 24, 1872. - , .
AN AC to alter the , Constitution" of
f North Carolina.: ' -''
Sec. 1. The General Assembly of North
Carolina do enact (three-fifths of all r the
members of each House concurring),
That tho Constitution of this State bo
altered as follows, to wit : " -
" Amend section six, of the first article, by
striking out the first clause thereof, down
to and including the word "but this be
ing the clause .relating-to the State debt.
- Amend section two or the second article
by striking out the frord "annually," and
inserting in lieu thereofrthe word "bienni
ally;" being in reference to the sessions
of the General Assembly. " , '
: Amend section five of the second article,
by striking out all that precedes the words,
"the said Senate districts," and by striking
out the phrase "as aforesaid or" in said sec
tion ; the parts so stricken put having ref
erence to the State census.
Add a new section to the . second article
to be styled "section 30," and to read aa
follows : The members of the General As
sembly shall each receive three hundred
dollars as a compensation for their services
during their term, subject to such regula
tions in regard to time of payment and re
1 duction for non-attendance as may be pre
scribed by law; but they -may have an
additional' allowance when they are called
together in special j session, and mileage
shall be ten cents ner mile ibr each session.'"
Amend section one of the third article by
striking out the words "four years," w.iere
they occur first in said section, and inSet
ing, in lieu1 thereof, the words "twd'y ears,"
being in reference to the terms of executive
officers. ! '
Strikeout the words "Superintendent of
t.!ui; vxrlr. jiTViQi-otToi- thl-Pir n(vnr in
the Constitution, thus abolishing that office.
Amend section six of the third article, by
striking out the word "annually," and in-
sertinsr. in lieu thereof, the word "biennial
ly," so as to conform to the provision re
specting the sessions of the General Assem
Strike out sections two and three of the
fourth article, being the provisions which
refer to the appointment and duties of the
Alter section four of the fourth article, so
that said section shall read as follows :
"The judicial power of the State shall be
vested in a Court for the trurt of impeach
ments, a Supreme Court, Superior Courts,
such inferior Courts as may he established
by law, and Courts of Justices of the Peace."
Alter section eight of the fourth article,
so that said section shall read as follows :
"The Supremo Court shall consist of a Chief
Justice and two Associate Justices; Provi
ded, That this siall not apply to the justices
during their present term of office, unless
by death, resignation, or otherwise, the
number of Associate Justices shall, be re
duced to two."
Alter section twelve of tho fourth article
so that said section shall read as follows :
"The State: shall be divided into nine judi
cial districts, for each of which a judge shall
be chosen j! and in eaqh district a Superior
Court shall bo held at least twkein each
ve2r, to continue for such timo in eacn
county respectively as may do prescriueu
bv law. Tho General Assembly shall lay
olfsaid districts in due time, so that tho
said nine judges may be chosen and begin
their official term., at the first general elec
tion for members of the General Assembly
which shall occur after the ratification of
this section." The General Assembly may
reduce or increase the number of Districts
to take effect at the end of each judicial term.
Strike out section thirteen of tho fourth
article, which fixes the present judical dis
Amend section fourteen of tho fourth ar
ticle by striking out all after the word
"office," and inserting, in lieu of tho part so
stricken out, the following: "The General
Assembly shall prescribe a proper system
of rotation for the Judges of the Superior
Courts, so .that no judge may ride the same
district twice in succession, and theiudtres
"may also exchange districts with each other,
as mav be provided by law." -N
Strike out section filteen of the fourth ar
ticle, and insert in lieu thereof, the follow
ing: Tho.General Assembly shall have no
power to deprive the judicial department of
any power; or jurisdiction which rightfully
pertains tcj it as a co-ordinate department ;
but the General Assembly shall allot and
distribute that portion of this power and ju
risdiction j which does not pertain to the
Supremo Court, among the other Courts
prescribed in this Constitution or which
may be established by law, in such manner
as it may deem best, provide also a proper
system of appeals, and regulate by law
when necessary the methods of proceeding,
in the exercise of -their powers, of all the
courts below the Supreme Court, so far as
the same may be done without conflict with
other provisions of this constitution."
Strike out sections sixteen,-seventeen,
nineteen, j twenty-five and thirty-three of
the fourth article.
Amend! section twenty -six of the fourth
article by! striking out all that part which
begins with, and follows tho word "hat'' in
said section, and, in lieu of the part so
stricken out, inserting tho following:
"Theudicial officers and the clerks of
any courts which may be established by
law, shall he chosen by the vote of the quali
fied electors, and for such term as may bo
prescribed by law. The voters of each pre
cinct, established as is elsewhere provided
for in this constitution, shall elect two jus
tices of the peace for such term as 'may be
fixed by law, whose jurisdiction shall extend
throughout their respective counties. 'The
General Assembly may provide for the elec
tion of more than two justices of tho peaco
in those precincts which contain cities or
towns, or in which other special reasons
render it expedi&it. .The chief magistrates
of cities and incorporated towns shall have
the judicial powers of justices of the peace."
Amend section thirty of the "fourth article
by striking out the word " townships " and
inserting, jn lieu thereof, tho word " pre
cincts ;" also in the last sentence of the same
section, strike out the words " the commis
sioners of the county may appoint to such
office for tho unexpired term," and in lieu
thereof insert "an appointment to fill such
yacancy for the unexpired term shall be
mad as may be prescribed by law."
Amend sections one and seven of the fifth
article, Ly striking out the words "commis
sioners of the several counties" where they
occur in said sections, and in lieu thereof in-
county authorities es
tablished and authorized bv law."
Strike out section four of the fifth article,
relating to taxation to pay the State debt and
interest. ; -
, Amend section six of the fifth article by
inserting after the word "instrument" in
said section the words " or any other per
sonal property." .
Insert the word " and " before the word
" surveyor " in section one of the 7th article,!
and strike-.put the words r and five commis
sioners 'J in said section ; also add to said sec
tion the following : "The, General Assent
bly shall provide for a system ot county
government for the several counties of the
State." . ; - 7 ' . . . ,
Amend section two of the seyenth article,
by striking out Iho word V commissioners "
and in lieu thereof inserting tho words
" county authorities established and author-
.ized by law;" and in the samesection strike
out the wotos, uio register oi ieeas snau
be ex officio clerk of the board of commis
sioners." ' . :' '
Strike out section three of the seventh ar-
. ticle, and in lietr thereof insert the following: L
Strike out section three of the ninth arti
cle, and in lieu thereof insert the following:
" Tie General Assembly shall make suita;
ble provision by law for the management
and regulation of the public schools, and for
perfecting the system of free public instruc
tion." . V . '
s Strike out section five of . the ninth arti
cle, and in lieu thereof, insert the following:
" The General Assembly shall have power
to provide for the election of Trustees of
the University of North Carolina, in whom,
when chosen, shall be vested all the privi-
leees.- rishts. franchises and endowments.
heretofore in any wise granted to, or con
ferred upon, the Board of Trustees of. said
Univety; and the General Assembly
may make such provisions laws and .reg
ulations, from time to time, as may be nec
essary and expedient, for the maintenance
and management of said University.'
Strike out sections thirteen, fourteen and
fifteen of the ninth article, relating ,to the
University of North Carolina, Amend sec
tion ten of the eleventh article by striking
out the words "at the charge of the State,"
and in lieu thereof, insert the words "bythe
State and those who do not own property
over and above the homestead and personal
property exemption prescribed by this Con
stitution, or being minors, whose parents
do not own property over and above the
same, shall be cared for at the charge of the
State." - : : ;
Alter section seven of the fourteenth ar
ticle so that said section shall read : as fol
follows : " No person who shall hold any
office '6"r place of trustor profit under the
United States, or any department thereof,
or under this State, or under any other
State or government, shall hold or exercise
any other office or place "of trust or profit
under the authority of this State, or bo eli
gible to a seat in either house of the General
Assembly; Provided, That nothing herein
nrntainer shall extend to officers in the
militia. Justices of the Peace, Commission
ers of Public Charities, or Commissioners
for Special Purposes." - : . . ,
Arliilanother section to the fourteenth ar
ticle to be stvled "section 8." and to read
aa follows: "County officers, justices of,
the rjeaco and other officers whose offices
are abolished or changed in any way by the
alteration of the constitution, shall continue
to exercise their functions until any pro
visions necessarv to be made by law in or-
W tn frivA full effect to the alterations, so
far as relates to said .officers shall have been
made." : .- , "- '
Re-number the sections in those articles
from which any section has been stricken
without tho insertion . of another in its
stead; and give to any new section- that
bpr which bv this method would have
been given to the section -for which -it is
substituted, and the alterations shall be em
bodied into the constitution, and the sever
al sections nuriibered consecutively.
Ratified the VJth dav of January, A. D
-j A PROCLAMATION.8
By; His Excellency, the- Governor.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Of i-iCE of Secretary op State,
Raleigh, Jan, 22d, 1872.
I. Henrv J. Menninger. Secretary of State,
liprntiv cflrtilv that the foreeroinsf is a true
copy of the original act on file in this office,
H. J. MENNINGER, .
jari. 23. w(3m. Secretary of State.
JpROSPECTUS OF -.
" What's in a name?" But little, we do
confess, and names are useless, save to de
signate and distinguish ditlerent objects ;
therefore, as we seek an existence among
things material, we shall call our paper
WE . KNO W, . ,
snoakinir first for our humble self, and
scfondlv. for the sovereign people, who do
know, that this fruitful land of ours is being
sown with the seeds oi tnisu.es ana weeas,
by mushroom politicians, nation savers,
nation haters, society destroyers, religion
haters, and political newspapers, whose sole
and only aim is, as: We Know, and will
readily prove, for pelf, pelf I: Money; aye,
that's 'their main spring, and clowns they
are, for tho pay they receive. '
Every thing seems to have been unhinged;
the Oil of Mirth seems to have concealed,
and cankered, and Every Body, including
the Children, wear a morose, sour, vinegar
visage, and it is our purpose to appiy an
antidote for this moral curse under which
we erroan, causing a smile, where wrinkled
' i ... -I C 1 1 . x - A 1
care now aweus, ana roars oi luuguiur, j u uiw
place of growlings.
Every one will "bh
ess our souls," as they
are made happ Tho aged and the young,
will read our"paper, and put it down with
the wish, that it were oftener published and
an hundred times double its size. And why?
Because its every line will cany joy and
pleasure to the readers soul, and peace and
hannincss to the fire-sides of our people
ono and all " w ithout regard to color," or1
previous condition " that is to .say, we shall
be so very clever, so full of the milk of hu
man kindness, that the whole human race
may suck tho teat, and find nothing offen
sive, but grow Kind neartea, gooa-naiurea,
and live down to a happy, and honorable
old age. f J ; '
We Know, will not forget, that in cor
recting the morals in some instances, the
sharp and keen knife of arcasm . must of
necessity be brought -into use. There ar
horrible exceressences on the body, moral,
hers and there, aiid they must come off ;
the knife and chloroform will be used;
but, then, tho operation once performed,
and we have a smooth path, which we will
keep hedged by the evergreens of wit and
humor, and the sweet roses of peace and
pleasure. 1o this end, we have the servi
ces, secured, of tite best men in the State
writers of every talent the wit, the hum
orest, and the more solid advisers. Our
patron, (and we beg pardon of the venerable
originator "who now lives in our midst,)
shall bo The Giraffe of 1S50-'51; if we reach
that standard, we teel that we shall pleaso
the public, and go swimming, to tho highest
pinacle of prosperity '" , "
Wo will give tho news of the. week,' the
markets, agricultural and other "matter of
interest, in addition to the above, so as not
only to make it a City, hut Family paper.
To promise more, would be superfluous,
to promiso lessfwould not entitle us to the
patronage of oufpeople. - To perform what
we do promise will lie our aim, and we shall
labor to " do It all."
Fellow-rCitizens, our platform is before
you; will you stand 'on it, and he happy?
or will yott keep off, and remain miserable?
ThaTs the question. -
We Know is published Weekly, on good
type and paper, and will be illustrated with
pictures of such a character as our subjects
A Proclamation by the Governor,
j ! Executive Department,
j ' s - Haleigh, Feb. 8, 1S72.
Wiierea. Information has been receiv
ed at tliis Department that Luke Johnson
who was convicted at the Fall Term, 1871,
of Nash Suoerior Court of the murder of
Jerry Taylor and sentenced to be hanged
on the 24th of November last, broke the jail
of said county on Wednesday night Nov.
1st;, 1871, and is still at large so that the sen
tence of. the said Court cannot be executed
upon hiin ; . .. -,
Therefore I, Tod R. Caldwell, Governor
I- of SNorth Carolina, by- virtue oi authority
in iine vested bv law, do hereby issue this
my proclamation ottering a reward of Four
HUNDRED COLLARS ior mo apxjreiieusioii
and delivery of the said Luke Johnson to
the Sheriff of Nash county, and I do also
enjoin all. officers of the State and good
citizens to assist in bringing said criuinal
Done at the city of Raleigh, this 8th ; day
of jFebruary A. D., 1S72, and the 9Gth year
ofiour independenco. .
TOD R. CALDWELL,
By.the Governor: Governor.
j J. B.' Neathery,
j Private Secretary.
K)ne square, one time,
I .. " 'fn-n Hmna
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION ;
We Know, ono year, in advance, - 2
". " . six months, " - -1
RATES' OF ADVERTISING:
- - $1
- - - 1
A square" is the width of a column, and
one and a half inches deep.
"The first number of the tFe Know made
its appearance Saturday, February 10, 1872,
and will appear, regular every Saturday.
Send in your names immediately. ; 4 ,
No papers scqt except to cash paying snb-
scribers. r: v-;;,' -,'; '. - ' "'.;--:''-
We have secttred the services of two good
Ed itors, and several contributors. We wish
to secure the services bf one or more good
writers in every county in the State. ;
We Know Sn6t and shall never be a poli
tical paper .for any political party '. i ' a
Address L. .N. KEITH,
Publisher for the We Know Co.
feb 12. . P. O. Box 15, Raleigh, N. C.
- . i . i i i l i il a. a 1
SUtc vs Martlia Queeiv from W ik3. j auinonzea uy w wm ma xn
: How to Bake Sug ap. Cai vu Take
1 pound flour, pound yu-ar. J pu-Wl
' butter, 5 egs. Mix and droj :hi ni on
. i tins, and put sapnxr.r.rid. ft tmir,
just as you put tliem4:ii tne yvt :i, ,or
frost them. , ;
K rror. Ji.tl.i;-cn t re ver
State vs Ilaiiks & Durham, f.-nm Wilkes.
Error. -Judgment rcorsfd
ytutn v William A. Smith, from John
et u. Eritr. Judg:i'n: revcrti.
rTTT Pivra Tr.keS tins usar, I
tu? butter, 2 teaspoonfuls socja, 3. egp, r
5 cups flourall beaten together with
as much spice as you please.
. lx t-T-X-in. ArkafisiiH jornalisin i pc
culiar. SThc Fort &uiil!Clttriof n-iH its
colors t the uiast in lUU way: .
"For President oftHe United States,
-v .. A . . . - . im
f U. S. - GRANT. - 'f
V 'For Governor of Artansai
NOT Jo. Brooks bt.a -wioht.
tive counties aro divided into a suitable num
ber of sub-divisions, as convenient and com
pact in shape aa possille, and marked out
uy definite boundaries, which may be al
tered when necessary. Said snb-divisiqns
shall bo knpwn by the mime of precincts.
Thor ultoM !i!ivi nr ffirnniTifn nnufTS. . rin
township governments aro abolished. ' : Tho f
boundaries of the precincts shall be the same- ,
as those which heretofore defined the town-';
ships until they ba!l bo altered.""7- i
? Strike out sections four, five, Sixf ten ami I
eleven of Uio sevcntlj artiele, which relate to
the township system.
Amend sections eight and nine of the sev
enth article, by striking nt the words " or-
Executive Department, -
! jv . Raleigh, Feb. 2.0th, .1872J
Whereas, The General Assembly of
North Carolina on the 8th day of February,
1872,' passed an act entitled "An Act Jto lay
off and establish a new county by the name
of Pamlico,", out of portions ofjhe counties
of Ctaveu and Beaufort counties, said new
county of Pamlico to be. bounded , as set
forth in said act; and r . . ..
Whereas, It is provided in said act that
the bill for the formation of said county of
Pamlico together with the obligation to pay
its proportionate share of the debt of Craven
and Beaufort counties, shall be submitted
to the qualified voters of the territory to be
formed into said new county for, adoption
or rejection, and that if a .majority! of the
votes cast in that portion of Beaufort county
proposed to be cut off shall be against the
new county,- it shall not form a part there
of ; and . : " ;. . ' I
Whereas, In an act entitled '"An Act
supplemental to an act to lay off and estab
lish the new county of Pamlico, ratified the
10th day of February, 1872, it is made the
duty of the Governor to order an election
to be held in Pamlicacountyr on the first
Thursday in May, 1872, submitting to the
qualified'' voters within the limits of Pam
lico county, the adoption or rejection of the
said county of Pamlico ; ' ' ' .
Now, therefore, I, Tod R. Caldwell, Gov
ernor of the State of Nrth Carolina, in obe
dience" to th requirements of the above
recited act, do issue this my Proclamation,
ordering the Sheriff of Craven county to
open polls and hold an election at the usual
voting places within the territory embraced
in the said new county of Pamlico, on the
first Thursday of - May, A. D., 1872, (the
polls to be opeped and 'the election to be
held in all respects in accordance with the
laws of the State,) at which election he
said qualified voters favoring the establish
ment of the said county of Pamlico, will
vote a written or printed ticket bearing the
following words: "For the County of
Pamlico," and. those opposed to establish
ing said county will Vote a written or print
ed; ticket bearing the words: "Against
THE COTJNTT OF PAMLICO." ' ;
And the returns of said election -shall be
made to the Sheriff of Craven county, who
shall on the first Monday after said election,
in the presence of, three freeholders, sum
moned for that purpose, (two of which shall
be from the county of Pamlico) proceed to
compare the polls of said election, and if
after due examination it shall be found that
a majority of Votes have been given in fa
vor of establishing the county of Pamlico,
it shall be the duty of said Sheriff to for
ward to the Governor of the State a eertilU
cate of the same within ten days after said
election, that the Governor may make Pro
clamation as required by said act. '
v Done at our city of Raleigh, tho 20th day
of February, A. D., 1872, and in the 96th
year of American Independence. .t
j ! , TOD R. CALDWELL.
By tho Governor : . r -"'s'---j
J. B. Neatheryi
j I Private. Secretary.
r 110 iwlaw 4t. ' "
jVeto Berne Times and Washington Ex
press copy one month in Weekly and send
bills to Executive Office. .
rjRUSTEES' SALE OF . - , .
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE
IN WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA.
By virtue of a Deed of Trust tor the under
signed, duly executed by Ge. W. Swepson
and wife Virginia B. Swepson, on the 6th
day of July, 1870, we wUl proceed to sell at
Asheville, the county of Buncombe, on the
14th day of March, 1872,' to the highest bid
der, the following Real Estate, to wit :
" One undivided half interest m the lot in
Asheville,' known as the Eagle Hotel prop
erty, with the buildings and appurtenances?
the saia lot containg twelve acres. This
House is very favorably situated and con
tains over --fifty; rooms, some "of which are
large and commodious. - , i i ; .
tb same time and place tne 101
of :. Land I in the county of
" i DESCRIPTION.
Luke Johnson is about 31 years of age, of
a color letveen brown and black, has a large
neck, small head and ears, high forehead,
and weighs 160 or 180 nounds. He wasrais-
;. ed in Nash county, but afterwards belonged
! j . i . . 1 TT1 "fwrt I
to:a man nameci jonnson, atorueai x icu
erjeksburg Va.where he has a wife now
VWeekly Era," "Weekly Carolinian" and
"Battlcboro' Advance" copy one month
arid forward bills to Executive office.
Feb. 9,1872. ,...' 36 wlm.
j EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
1 Raleigh, North Carolina,
, ' February 16th, 1872. -
Whereas, the General Assembly of North
Carolina did on the 8th day of February, A.
D.j, 1872, pass tho following act, to wit :
ACT concerning the Robeson County
v . . Outlaws. " -
Sec. 1. 'Tho -General Assembly of North
Carolina do enact: That in addition to the
reward already offered for the arrest of cer
tain outlaws and murderers in the County
of Robeson, His Excellency, Gov. Tod R.
CALDWELii, is hereby authorized and em
powered by public , proclamation to offer.
as an aaaitionai rewara to inose aumor
ized by I act of the General Assembly,
ratified the 13th "day "cf February, A.
D.1, 1871j ten thousand dollars for the
arrest and delivery, dead or; alive, for
the body of Henry Berry Lowery to the
proper authorities of theState, and a reward
of five thousand -dollars each for the arrest
and delivery, dead or alive, of the bodies of
Boss Strong, Stephen Lowery, Thomas
Lowery, George Applewhite and Andrew
Strong topropeiauthorities of the State.
Sec. 2. This act shall be in force from and
after its ratification.
Ratified the 8th day of February, A. D.,
1872.- . . . :
Now, therefore I, Tod R. Caldwell, Gov
ernor of the State of North Carolina, by vir
tue of the authority in me vested by said
act above recited, do issue this my procla
mation offering the following rewards in
addition to those heretofore offered, to be
naid in currency. ta the party or parties who
Lshall apprehend and- deliver, dead or alive.
any oi me uuuans iieretuaiii uamcu,
the Sheriff of Robeson county, viz: ! . X-;
Fof Henry BertyLowery, TenThousand
"JFor Boss Strong Stephen Lowery, Thom
as Lowery, George Applewhite and Andrew
Strong, Five Thousand Dollars each.
Done at the city of JRaleigh, on the 16th
day of February, A. D 1872, and,in,the
95th vear bf American Independence.
- . TOD R. CAtD WELL,
By the Governor: Governor,
i J. B. Neathery, ' '
i Private secretary.' - 108:twlm.
Robesonian and" Wilmington Post copy one
month, and forward bills to Executive of
fice . - . .
GpESILJtt THE WORLDf Ci
ITetork Office, 27 BEEXT.T ATT 8T,
Janvary 20, 1872. 09 6m
The undersigned, per&uaiit to fxi wCr gi ven
them by the deed of Osbvrn Hunter, and
Nancy Hunter, will 'offer for salo at, the
( Court House door,; in the; city of 'RaleighH
lot in tho city of Raleigh, bounded on the
South byjCabarin"feti eetand adjoining the
lot: of Alvis Sacrell, tiontSinirigj a-half acrev
'I'crms ;iic , half easily' the ! balance on a
credit of twel ve months, the deferred pay
ment tojbo set ired by bond with gootr se
curity. "'-4' i"''"V, -' .'":'''.." . '
. j M. GRAXJSMAN. " ; '
- SOPHIA ROSENBATJM. v
Raleigh, Feb, 14, 1872. 1( lm.
Cherokee : " .' ' ' ;- ': '" : :"':' " '
I. The well known farm formerly owned
by Gid Morris, and on both sides of Valley
River, consisting j of t several, contiguous
tracts, containing-1,600 acres more or less,
6C0 acres of which will be found first Class
bottom land, these contracts were conveyed
to Geo. W. Swepson by Gid Morris and D.
Wr. Morris... ;:; M M. - .'
, II. The Charles Moore farm, also on Val
ley River, and near the above Morris farm,
containing about 600 acres, chiefly bottom
land.-: '-- : :'s:-' j----'"
III. The David Hennesea plaeea on the
same River, consisting of jthreo contiguous
tracts, containing in all about 682 acres ;
very fine farming land, mostly bottom.
IV. Two other tracts on' the same River,
containing 303 acres, formerly owned by E.
V. Sharpe, and known as the Piercj' lands.
V. ; An individual half interest in sixteen
adjoining tracts on the-same River, held
jointly, with the heirs of John Suddith, on
which are much valuable farming and gold
mining lands. . ; ; f j p
VI. One hundred acres on both sides of
Cheoah Mountain ; and an.undivided third
interest in. a hundred acre tract adjoining
the above ; and an undivided third in a 640
acre tract, on the waters of Burgan's Creek,
on the North side of Cheoah Mountain. .
VII. An undivided half interest in about
2O,O0Oacres of Mountain lands, held jointly
with Mercer Pain. j .
VIII. About 62,000 acreslying iii many
adjoining grants, situated in tho Mountain
ous Districts ofMacon county. ' j
" IX. 90)00 acres of land in one body, lying
partly in Macon, but principally In Chero
kee, and known as tho Olmsted lands.
X. About 50,000 acres in.Clay and Chero
kee counties, conveyed by . Joseph Keener
to the undersigned as trustees of tho afore
said Geo. W. Swepson.
XI. The Jarrett place, well improved, on
Nantihala River in Macon county, contain
ing about 400 acres. S ' .
XII. The Dr. Woodfin place, near Frank
lin, in Macon county, well improved,- and
containing about 300 acres. ;
XIII. 1,943 acres, lying along and near
the Tennessee line ; and a tract of 274 acres
on the waters of Nantihala, all jn Macon
county. i t
- XIV. The following tracts in
county : 1
1st. 3,000 acres on the waters of
gle River, being grant No. 966.
2nd. 2,567 acres on the waters of Deep
Creek, being grant No. 967.
3rd. 1,026 acres on the waters of Soco, be
ing grant No.968. '.'-
4th. 1,280 acres on Mingus" Mill Creek
and Oconalufty River, being grant No. 969.
5th. 10,580 acres ou the Waters of Soco, be
ing grant No, 970.
All the above mentioned lands, being sit
uated in a fine grazing region, well watered
and in a most healthful locality, offer rare
inducements to persons wishing to enter in
to the grazing, stock-raising or darying
In addition to the above lands, we will
offer on the 20th of March, 1S72, at Catawba
Station, in the couaty of Catawba, N. C, an
undivided half interest in the several tracts
of land in said county," known as the Marble
and Lime Quary lands, owned -jointly by
Dr. Powell and Geo. W. Swepson, and in
cluding the Lime Kilns and several adja
cent farms, all whfch will -be sold in parcels
to suit purchasers. 1 f
The terms of the whole of above sales will
be one-third Cash on day of sale, and the
remainder at six months, with note bearing
interest from day of sale, with titles retain
ed till all the purchase money is paid.
" The sales will be continued from day to
day if necessary till the wholar of the lands
shall be disposed of. T
For further particular address C. M. Mc
Ioud, Attorney at Law. Asheville N. C, or
the undersigned, Trustees at the same Post
Office. ' . ...
N. W. WOODFIN,
' R. W. PTJLLIAM.
. 102 tmai.14
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF, TAR
. r . . Has restored many jjersons
' ' '- ' who have been
unable to work for years
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Should be taken if your Stomach
- is out of order.
rDR. CROOK'S WINE bF TAR
. Should be taken n you iei
. weak or debilitated.;
DR. CROOK'S WINE OFTAR
( r ; ; ; : Has proved Itself
i ; - ' " n tjiousands of cases
; capable of curing all diseases of the
Throat and Lunfi
r I '
DR. CROOK'S; WINB OF TAR A ."' -
;--.-..,.;.:. . . ; m ' Cures Jaiintiice,
':! .-J-.:. or any Liver Complaint.
WINE OF TAR : ;
Makes Delicate Females,
who are never feeling well,
. Strong and Healthy.
WINE OF TAR
Cures all Chronic Coughs,
and Coughs and Colds,
more effectually than any
, ' . - other remedy.
DR: CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Causes the food to digest, removing
Dyspepsia and Indigestion.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
. Has cured cases of Consumption
-. . pronounced incurable
WINE OF TAR
-. " Should be taken for
diseases of the ,
" Urinary Organs.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR .
- . Should be taken for ail
Throat and Lung Ailment.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR -
- j Renovates and
3 ; ' Invigorates the entire system.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAB
Should be kept in eVcry house,
: and its life-giving
. , Tonic properties tried by all.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Restores the Appetite and -
strengthens the Stomach.
DR, CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
1 All recovering from any Ulne
i will find this the
best Tonic thoy can tike.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR ,
- " lias cured so many cases of
Asthma and Bronchitis
that it has been pronounced a specific
for these complaint. ; .
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF. TAR '
'Will prevent Malarious Fevers,
and braces up the System.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR :
Removes pain inBreast, Sideor Back.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR I '
Possesses Vegetable Ingredients,
which makes it the
best Tonic in the market.
DR. CROOK'S -WINE OF TAR
Gives tone and energy to
' Debilitated Constitutions.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF "TAR
Should be taken to strengthen and
- build up your system.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
- . Is an effective
. regulator of the Liver.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR ,
Is tho very remedy for the Weak
and Debilitated . L .
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Will cure your Dyspepsia or
- , Indigestion, i
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Rapidly restores exhausted
PURIFY YOUR BLOOD.
Feb. 5, 1872.
TATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
- SurERion Court, s .
John Whitelaw and Patrick Donaghey, Ad
ministrators of John Kag, Pl'lffs,
Dennis 3tcCarthy and Mary McCarthy, his
. ' wife, and,Thomas Kane and Martha Kane,
his wife, Def ts. Petition to sell Land for
Assets. . V. ;- -
It appearing that Dennis McCarthy and
Mary McCarthy, his wife, and Thomas
Kane, Defendants in the above action, are
non-residents of the State of North Carolina,
it is ordered that summons, by publication,
in The Carolina Era, a newspaper publish
ed in the city oi" Raleigh, be made for the
aforesaid Defendants, Dennis McCarthy and
Mary McCarthy, his wife, and Thomas
Kane, to be and appear at .the office of the
Clerk of our said Court, in the city of Ral
eigh, withip twenty days after the service
of this summons by publication; as afore
said, and answer or demur to the complaint
Of the said Plaintiffs, which is on file in
said office, or judgment w. 11 be rendered
pro. confesso as to them. .
Witness, John N. Bunting, Clerk, and
Judge of Probate, of said county, at office,
in the city of Raleigh, tho first day of Feb
ruary, A: D; 1872. -.w
JOHN Nv BUNTING, Clerk,
feb lw4w . and Judge of Probate.
Whereas. S. S. Cannon, County Com
missioner, stands charged with forgery in
several cases, and has lied the County, the
Board of Commissioners of said .county
hereby offer a Reward of Two Hundred
Dollars, for the apprehension and delivery
of said Cannon to tho Sheriff of Cho wan
County, at Edenton, or one hundred dollars
for his capture and .delivery in any jail so
that he may be claimed by proper authori
ties. Bv order of Board Commissioners.
v O. F. GILBERT, Clerk, kc,
- , Chowan County. .
Edenton, N. C., Jan. 10, 1872. , 9230d.
. ''; . DEscnirTiON : . ,
S. S: Cannon is about 28yearsof age. cfuite
black, 5 feet 10 inches high, slim built, thin
visasre, eyes large ana rauier protruuea.
the whites having a brownish jfast, smiles
when spoken to , or speaking, talks , ana
dresses well, stand and walks erect, and
writes a good hand. " He is well known in
Charleston, Raleigh, and Portsmouth.
TATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, ..
..... - . wake county.. .
- Magistrates Court. .
R. F. Davidson, Plaintiff, Vmiv,.ej ;
axainst r, . - t
S."W. Wrhitakcr, Defendant. J "
.Whereas, a Summons issued for tho
Defendant, S. W. Whitaker, oh the 13th
fJanua ryy 1872, and "rfeturned "not to be
found,"; ana it appearing to the .satisiaction
of. tho Court that the said Defendant, S. W.
Whitaker, is a non-rcsideht of the State of
North Carolina, it is therefor !Ardered that
publication bo made for f guar weeks, Sum
moning the said S. W Whitaker, to appear
at my cilice in the City of Raleigh on or
befef o the 15th day ot Fcbuary, 1872, : and
pieatr 10 me &aia cuinpiiiiqi, wiucu V3 an ac
count for work .and labor, amounting .to
8196,or judgment - final, y.ilt jjo rendered
against the said Defendant, in acebrdancej
wiiame saia complaint, ;xni3 ino luin nay
Cof January; 1872." ' - v; ' - -
32 W4W. . I). A. W ICK E 1 v, J . f .
; Conipoun.d Syrup of
DR. CROOK'S COMPQUND I
, ... SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
... Cures Rheumatism and
! . Pains in Limbs,! Bones, Ac.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND !
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT,
i Removes Pimples, Blotches,
, and. beautifies tho Complexion.
DR. . CROOK'S" COMPOUND I
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Is the active medicinal
quality of Poke Root
, 1 combined with the
best preparation of Iron.
1 1 1 -
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND I ' .
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
- Cures all disease
i depending on a depraved condition
it, of the blood. "
V5 UUJU'UUiNiJ "
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
"Cures old Sores, Boils or Ulcers.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND !
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Scrofulous Diseases of the Eye
or croiuia in any lorm.
MPOUND I r
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Is the best Alterative
or Blood Purifier made.
DR.' CROOK'S COMPOUND
, . SYRUP. OF POKE ROOT.
- Cures any Disease or
Eruptibn on the Skin.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND !; -
, SYRUP OF POKE ROOT,
j '. Builds up Constitutions
''... I'.'1' broken down from
Mineral or Mercurial Poisons;
i. - 1
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND I
- SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
. ; ".v I ' Cures longstanding
; Diseases of the Liver.
SYRUP OF PO
Cures Scald Head.
Salt Rheum, Tetter.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND - i
SYRUP OF POAE ROOT
, Should be taken by all
1 ' ' requiring a remedy
to make pure blood.
DIUCROOK'JS COMPOUND .
, .s . SYRUP OF POKE ROOT
, v v . , T Removes Syphilis
; ' : r 'or the diseases it entails
,y - ' more effectually and speedily
han any and all other remedies x-qmbinetl.
Aug. 24, J871. ';-". 35 witriwly.
: CJ.N.VASSEUS , WANTED ,
' , For" Oar Own WirimuTe. '
!An Illustrated Paper, 18 pages, published
Monthly Subscription price, $1.50. Every
Subscrilier receives a Valuable Chrouio, A
Fruit Piece, which kcIIs for $3. Send 2 cent
Stamp for Sample and Premium n List.
Address W. E. GUMP, Publisher,
I ."'. Dayton, Ohio.'