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: ' I
iAl."JLA 'J "55
C A M PAIGN.)
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RALEIGH, SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 11848.
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For the N. C. Times.
WHIG RATIFICATION MEETING,
- - lit FRA3KLI '
Pursuant to previous notice,, a very large and
thusiastic meeting of the Whigs of Franklin as
mblcd at the Court House in Louisbursr, oh Tues
day of June Coqrt week (the 13th instant,) to re-
poud to tho nomination of the late Whig National
of Gen. .Zachary
ted States, and for
Convention, at Philadelphia
TatloiI for President, and
for Vice President of the Un
th organization of the Franklin Taylor Club.
On motion, Dr. David Outlaw was called to
the Chair, and Col. B. B. Lewis appointed Sec-
At the request of the Chairman, the object of
tho meeting was explained by D. S. Hill, Esq.
wk, at tho close of his remarks, reported, from a
Comraittee appointed at a previous meeting, con
istingof Messrs. Hill, Massenburg and Whitaker,
the following Preamble and Resolutions, tb-wit. :
; Whereas, the Whig Convention assembled at
! Philadelphia, on the 7th of June, instant, having,
-with gratifying unanimity, presented to the Coun
try the names of Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louis
iana, and Millard Fillmore, of New York, for Pre
sident and Vice President of the United States:
Therefore resolved That we, the Whigs of
Franklin, having undoubted confidence in his pat
riotism and sound Republican Whig principles,
hail with acclamation the nomination of the gal
lant Old Hero, Gen. Zachary Taylor, as their
standard bearer in the approaching Presidential
contest, whose name U a prestige of victory, and
Lwho never surrenders. And yvc call upoirhU
fi tends throughout the Country to rally to his
standard, and unito with us in' the hearty support
of him who has devoted the whole of his eventful
life to the service of his country. i
-2. R'SoleeJ, That we heartily approve, of the
nomination of Millard Fillmore, of New, York, .as
. our candidate for Vice President of the United
States, who, in the darkest hour of trial, stooJ up
and battled manfully for our glorious Whig prin
jciples, and who deserves and will receive the zeal
Ous support of the Whigs of the Union.
: -3. itssoti-i'J, That for the purpose of a thorough
and more efficient organization, we form a Taylor
Club, to bo governinl, by rules and regulations
hereafter to bo agreed upon : and vo recommend
to this meeting the names of the following gentlc
: rush as officers of the Club, vix :
I For President, "Clil. II. J. G. RUFFIN,
c u v VAummiTrm
Vice Presidents, NAT; TUNSTALI.
B. B. LEWIS,
T. K. T
From the Register.
APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS OF VOL
VVe have heretofore bestowed a general notice
on the fanfaronade of Resolutions adopted by the
Locofoco Convention, which nominated Mr. Keid
for'Governor, intending at our leisure, further to
examine such of them, as presented any intelligi
One of these, of greatest length, and sound and
fury, is devoted to the condemnation of the Legisla
ture and'Governor, in respect to the appointment
of Field officers of our Regiment of Volunteers, for
the Mexican War. . The most obvious remark in
this complaint, is, that it does not come from the
Voluntecre themselves, the great majority ot whom
were received into service after the Field Officers
had been appointed, and announced to the public,
but from a party caucus, whose press, and whose
leaders, with many honorable exceptions, endeav
ored to prevent the completion of this Regiment,
and have omitted no opportunity to produce dis
content, and encourage mutiny in it, from the time
of its organization. We propose, however, to test
its justice, by some reference to the history of the
past in like cases and the facts in this.
.Requisitions on the State4 for troops have been
often made before the present war. It may be
needful only to remind the reader of those occur
ring in the quasi war with France, in 1798, on the
occasion of the attack on the Chesapeake (Ship of
War) in. 1807, and during the War with Great
Britain in 1812-'15. It was stated in the Message
of the Governor, to the Legislature, that before is
suing his call for troops in 1846, the precedents in
these former cases were examined, and the course
adopted by him conformed to them. It was ascer
tained from this examination, that in all cases of
State troops required for Federal service, whether
detached Militia, that is to say, Drafted men, or
Volunteers, the Officers above the grade of Capr
tain, (and in some instances, in that grade.) were
designated by the Governor as Commander-in-Chief
of the Militia the only difference, in this
respect, between the two kinds of troops, bping,
that in cases of detached Militia'or draft, from the
nature of the requisition, the selection was to be
made from the Officers then holding Commissions
in the Militia, (allowing, however, an unlimited
discretion among them in every part of the State ;)
but in calls for Volunteers, the Governor was at
liberty, to receive whosoever he deemed best quali
fied, in any grade, from a private to the highest
Officer called for. Thus, immediately after the
declaration of War in 1812, two battalions were
called for, to defend our own coast, and were sta
tioned, the one at Fort Hampton, in Carteret, and"
the other at Smithrille, Brunswick; the former
under the command of Major Tisdale, tKo latter
of Maj. Lillisgton both of these Officers being
appointed by the Governor.
In January, 1814, a Regiment was required to
u : . .1. i. t i : : ai .i '
ma ri. ii ayaiusi iiiu ureui; juuiu.ua, in iiiu;iiua
Territory, forming, with a Regiment from South
Carolina, a Brigade, under the command of Gen.
Joscrti Graham, of Lincoln, the then Gov. Haw-
kiss selecting as well the General as the following
Field Officers, viz:
Col. Jesse A. Pearson, of Rowan,
. Lieut.-Col. Richard Atkinson, of Person,
1st Major, Samuel Turrentiue, of Orange,
2d do. David Kerr, of Mecklenburg.
A Cavalry company being attached to
Regiment, the Governor appointed Robert Iocke,
(then a Colonel of Militia Cavalry) Captain of the
A In the Fall of 1814, a Regiment-was- called out
Colonel of the Regiment, who alone was authorized 1
to call for them, -. Owing to the dispersion of the
Company of CapL Long, which that Officer report
ed to be occasioned by the failure of the United
Statesauthorities.tomake timely provision for them
at the Charlotte rendezvous, but which public opin
ion attributed to himself; and the withdrawal of an
offer of service, by a company in Mecklenburg, be
fore their obligation became complete, to take the
better pay and accommodation of United States
Dragoons, a considerable delay occurred in filling
up the Regiment, and the last companies did not ar
rive at the rendezvous until near three months af
ter the first. Had the Legislature adopted the coun
sels of the Democratic Convention, and provided
for an election of Field Officers in this Regiment,
the Governor would have been obliged the while to
keep them all at Smithville, and muster them we
suppose with corn-stalks, until the arrival of the
last company, when a Colonel could be elected,
arms drawn, and orders issued for sailing.
We are not a little surprised at this rebuke to the
Legislature and Governor, from a Convention which
approved most heartily of every act of President
Polk s administration. Had they never 6een the
order of the President, through his Adjutant Gene
ral, published in the newspapers last Summer, pro
posing to recruit new Corps of Volunteers from the
twelve months men, whose term of service had ex
pired in Mexico, iri which he allows Companies of
such troops to elect their' Officers, but reserves to
himself the appointment of their Field Officers ?
If the Legislature preferred appointment by the Go-
venor to popular election, as the better mode of
choosing these Officers, they are entitled to the
benefit of his following their example in an anala
gous case, Who, ia the opinion of the Convention,
does nothing wrong.
The Governor is censured in no measured terms,
for the appointments actually made. Not because
the persons selected are incompetent, unofficerlike,
or unworthy of their trusts. Since the Report of
the President s Court of Inquiry on Col. Paixe, we
suppose that malignity itself will hereafter be silent
on charges such as these. But our Executive is
decried by the Convention, a ki bitter and determin
.ed partisan" ; 1st, because he did not select the
field Officers from the ranks of the Volunteers;
and 2d, because he appointed Officers who had vo
ted for a Preamble, declaring that the country was
involved in war " by the action of the Executive
and sobsequent sanction of Congress." The first
is rather a novel objection, since we have seen, that
in all former appointm3nts, the Governor was allow
ed to make selections of Officers irorn the whole
State. And if the responsibility of choosing them
is thrown on him, we see no propriety in any re
striction upon his choice. It is needless to remark
that many men will do well in the ranks or subor
dina.te offices, who have not the qualifications ne
cessary for higher command. But if none but vol
unteers in the ranks were fit to be taken for Field
Officers, all were entitled to be considered, before
the selections were made. And this brings us back
to the objection formerly stated, in relation to an
election by the men : that is, that the Governor
could appoint no head of the Regiment, until the
last man arrived at the rendezvous, that he might
do injustice to no one,, and appoint the best Com
mander. Thus all the troops would be detained
from their appropriate field of service, and from
any preparation even for it. We presume, he
thought his duty required him to organize the Com
panies as fast as they came in, and despatch them to
Mexico with the utmost haste. The Resolution of
the Convention in this particular, condenins as well
the appointment of Major Stokes, as those of the
Colonel and ! lieutenant Colonel. Thev who observe
himself as a'partisan, by selecting two Whig Fic
OffictTs out uf three, to command a Regiment frr
Committee or Vuhlance
Messrs. Joel King, N.
Con R ESPOJt PENCE.
i T A
AVhitakerL H. Davis, D. S IIill, J. E. Thomas,
Dr. W. R. King, Benjamin! Foster, Dr. P. S-Fos-U:r,
James Wilson, J. H. Brodie, Dr. A. Crudiin,
Mumford Pi upon, Jacob II. Cooley, Dr. David
Outlaw, A. H. IVarco, Jos. J. Thomas, W. H.
Tho .resolutions 'having been read, loud and re
jatd calls were made for Henry W. Miller, Kq.
who came forward and responded to the call in
onoofhis happiest efforts, which was received
with greit approbation and applause.
The Preamble and Resolutions were then adopt
ed bt acclamation.
Onmotion.it was unanimously RcstJrcd, that
for the defence of Nor folk of which our older rca- the terms of condemnation applied to "this, will rea
ders will remember, a great number died ot dis
ease. -To the command of this, the Governor ap
Col. Richard Atkinson, of Porson,
Lieut. Col. Samuel Hunter, of Guilford,
1st Major. Samuel Turcntine of Orange,
2d do. Joseph Winston of Stokes.
Again, in tha winter of 1S15, before the receipt
of news of peace, a Regiment was "ordered out for
the defence of Wilmington and the coast, to be
mustered into service at - Wadesborough, by Genl
Alexander Cray, ot Kandolph. Uver tins, were
Col. Andrew Erwin, of Buncombe, ' L
Lt. Col. John McGimpscy, of Burko,
1st Major, JesserAlleu, of Wilkes,
2d do. Thomas Lenoir, of Haywood,
all appointed by the Governor.
We have thought proper to name the Officers of
.these several Regiments, called into the service of
the United States, because, many of the persona
who served in them am yet living, and will bear
witness that they heard nothing iu that day, of the
election of Field Officers by the men, nor any ques
tion of the power of the Governor to appoint them.
Acting in conformity with these precedents, tho
Governor's Proclamations, both in May and No-
t vember 184(, announced distinctly, that the Field
i Officers would-be appointed by himself, unless the
' legislature, -(.in .session at the last) should other-i-wise
prescribe ; and all who volunteered, tendered
! their services, with a full knowledge of this reguki
' tion. The same view of the subject, was brought
before the Legislature in the Executive Message,
with an invitation to provide another mode of ap
o'mtinent, if they were not satisfied with this.
And hrro wo could not but marvel, th'at no one
ventured toquestion the Governor's idea of his pow
er anJ duty, in this regard, after the .invectives
against it, iu the last canvass, from the 6tunip and
the party press.
The GeneraljAssembly, upon consideration, 'al
tered this rogulation, and provided that in future re-
s ' .
dily conclude, with us, that Ijoco Focpism is better
versed in the use of epithets, than tho meaning of
2d. The second ground of accusation is, that Of
ficers were appointed, who had voted for the Pream
ble above referred to. There i s no d i Acre nee be twee n
voting and thinking. This Preamble expresses on
a question of history, the hig opinion of the coun
try, and a good portion of the Democratic also.
For instances of the latter, we name Messrs. Cal
houn, Benton, &c. The only true interpretation
of this objection, therefore, is, that no Whig ought
to have been appointed, an 1 Lie Governor degraded
a Whig State. And the issue made by it is,
whether any Whig is qualified for an Officer. It
is not denied that they -will do for the ranks, lor
without them the ranks will be thin but only Dem
ocrats are fit to be put on horseback. They are
taunted as traitors if they do not volunteer," but if
they do, they are not to have office. This is the
doctrine now proclaimed to the Whig people of
North Carolina, with their 5.000 to 10,000 majority,
who have sent their full share and more than their
full share of men to the field, in this war, brought
on without their consent or approval. The quarrel .
of the assembled Democracy, is not with Colonels j
Paine and Fag, as Officers, but with the Govern- j
or of the State, lor not excluding them from the j
range of appointment on acconut of the free ex-
pression of their opinions respecting the conduct ;
of tho President, for riot applying to them political j
tests, which would alike exclude cverv independent !
man among their political brethren Such is th j
i rabidness of an entire Party Convention now, while
at the time-these appointments were made, one of ,
these gentlemen (col. f xr.r.,) as we have hereto- j
fore shown, was most handsomely recommended to j
thj Governor, bv snch Democrats, in conjunction I
with his hig Inends, as Messrs D
thorities the appointment of all Staff Officers, as
they are called, Paymasters, Qua rtennasters, Com- i
missanes, burgeons, &c., and all General pincers,
and conferred them on the President of the Uni
ed States. Thus he has appointed the following
Officers for the North Carolina Regiment of Vol
pay of Major.
Gaston II. Wilder, Asst. Paymaster, with rank &
Exum L Whitaker, " Commissary, doJCaptaiu
3. Wm. F. Dancv. " Quartennaster.iCantain
Gaston D. Cobbs, Surgeon, .
5. Jamej A. MacRae, " Surgeon. I
No. 2 having died and 3 declined, the President
appointed ' i;
6. Wm. P. Graves, Assistant Commissary,
feolomon Pender, Quartermaster. f
There was no voluuteer among the first five of
these, except No. 2, who had never been attached
to any Company. But the Democratic Convention
does not condemn the President for not selecting
the-appointees from the volunteers ; on the contra-
ry,it approves every act of his administration,
while it denounces our Governor for not appointing
Officers of Volunteers. Neither has it any fault
to find, but most cordially approves, that the Presi
dent has made all seven of these appointments from
tne democratic party, while it raves at the govern
or for promoting two gentlemen of his own party,
to one democrat, in three appointments. iWhich,
if either, is to be characterised as a partisan, the
unprejudiced public will determine. i;
Again ; Congress having deprived the States of
the appointment of all General Officers, as alrea
dy mentioned, and conferred them on the President,
he has, since the commencement of this var, ap
pointed the following Major Generals, wit;i
1. Zachary Taylor, 5 Wm. Cumriiings,
2. Wm. O." Butler, 6. Gideon J. Pttlow,
3. Robert Patterson, 7. John A. Quitman.
4. Thomas H. Benton, i
One Whig in seven. And he so pre-eminent in
the display of every quality as a great Coinmand
er, that he extorted the promotion, in spit of the
aversion to his polities.
1 he President has also appointed m the 6ame
period, the following Brigadiers :
D. Twiggs, James Shields, f;
Stephen Kearney, Caleb Gushing, i!
1 homas -Marshall, Sterling Price,
m Franklin Pierce, G. J. Pillow,
Joseph Lane, J. A. Quitman,
Enos D. Hopping, Geo. Cadwallader.
T. L Hamer, , '
Gen. Cadwallader, the only Whig in 130 and he
not an active politician. We have not at band the
information necessary, to examine the appoint
ments of Colonels and inferior Officers, but have
no doubt the same party discrimination was, observ
ed. Offers of the services of gallant Whigs, with
high Military qualifications, were, not wanting.
Such as the lamented Barrow, a graduat of the
Military Academy, backed by the unaniirjpus re
commendation of the Senate of the U. S. Pierce
M. Butler, Ex-Governor of South Carolina, a regu
lar Officer of exjierience, who afterwards conmand
ed the S. C. Regiment, in Mexico, and others ; but
their pretensions were passed by. for men, some?
of whom had "never set a squadron in thd- field."
but had given the required test of party adhesion.
Thus in this National War, which tho$ Whigs
arc called on to sustain, and in which they have
borne more than their full share of perilousyservice,
their only hope of office and distinction is under
the State authority. Proscription has been carri
ed into the army, as it has been heretofore practised
in regard to all civil employments. And yet a Lo
cofoco Convention complains that a Wh$ Gov
ernor of. a Whig State, appointed two Whig Offi
cers to one Democratic in our Regiment of Volun
teers. ' . !
We trust-we have shown by this time, that this
issue of the Loco Foco Convention, is not it formid
able one, but being the best they could a fiord, we
have thought projcr to show it sufficient respect to
uemonstrate its absurdity.
THE SENTIMENTS OF TWO
From the X. Y. Express.'
Washington, June 12.
MR. CASS AS INDIAN AGENT,
will tike some time and some laborrto unbur
then from the rubbish of the Public Documents.the
facts connected with the administration and mal
administration of Gen. Cass, as an officer of the
General Government The Democratic nominee
has grown rich upon the spoils of office, doing noth
ing, we are willing enough to believe, personally,
but yet holding most unscrupulously to the creed
that " to the victors belong the spoil of office."
Gen. Cass was Governor of tlie Michigan Terri
tory, from 1813 to 1821, and received a liberal
salary as compensation in the discharge of his
Gubernatorial duties. His love of acquisition, and
persevering application, however, secured for him
an extra compensation, nominally for Indian ser
vice, in Michigan, of fifteen hundred dollars a year
additional, as a salary, and beyond all this, ten ra
tions a day, equal to &730 a year, from the date of
his appointment in 1813 to the end, in 1821. Here
is an extra allowance of 2,230 per annum, for
discharging duties incident to the office of Gov
ernor, which he held, and for which he was most
liberally paid. All this, ol course, was indepen
dent of his salary as Governor.
On the 30ih of April, 1831, General Cass, after
begging steadily for ten years, received 10,500 as
extra compensation, and on the 13th of November,
1839, $3,875 was allowed him as additional pay.
The particulars of this case may be found in docu
ment 112 251, Congress, 2d Session, II. of R.
In document 244, same Congress, I find the fol
lowing item9, under the head of '"'allowances made
to Governors of Territories, to cover expenses in
curred on accountf the Superintending of Indian
Affairs, for office-rent, clerk hire, &c. :
Lewis Cass, Michigan, from Oct. 9, 1 8 1 3,
to May 29, 1822, 10 sktions per day,
at 20 cents each -.- - SG,G10
Lewis Cass, from Oct. 9, 1813, to July
61, (extra salary at g 1,500 per
annum) - -
starry banner, and slept so long npon th groun-l,
tint when he had reposed but a few div in tho
nouse H3 cauguta violent cold. 11
had no ikniUs.
none in the world, that Gen. Taylor would be elect
ed to the Presidency. His remarks were well ro
ceived and afforded much delight, v
DEMOCRACY AND ARISTOCRACY.
The following article from tho Philadelphia
North American afforded ua much amusement ?
Gen. Cass in a Qcandarv. There was qnito
a pretty little contest on Wednesday, between tho
aristocracy and the democracy of loenfocoiem, re
lative to the arrival and reception at Philadelphia,
of candidate Cass. The former pa rty mostly the
officialsof the Post Office and the Custom-house "
chartered a boat to receive him at Wilmington,
and fixed the price of passage at g3. This per,
capita arrangement, which juited the pockets of
those who are supported by the public treasury, .
was not acceptable to the rank and rile, wlw charter
another boat, and placed the passage at $1.
Mr. Cass was placed somewhat in a dileinm ; but
finally was over persuaded by tho office lwlders,
and came with them. - This was a position which
had not two sides; the candidate could not come
in both boats: there was no such thing as rmii-
rammitah'sm, and for once he was compelled to do
fine himself. j -'
"fjASS A FEDERALIST.
The Zanesville (O.) Courier says that Gen.
Cass 'studied law. in Marietta, Ohio, and whlLst
there in 1803. delivered a 4th of July Oration, re
plete with high-toned Federal sentiments. Indeed,
so ultra was its character, that even old Col. Nyo.
a hot Federalist, said he thought it a Hub ton sjii
cy. Some time afterwards, he obtained a Ftwleml
office, that of Marshal, and he gave over preaching
Federalism. The Courier challenges contradic
tion to this statement.
r fof Wayne and Chicago, I8i2 to 1
vlor, in his Allien letter. ' Extra pay for services kt Pyma
. h ., lor Wayne and Chicago, 1829,
: whvl-: of M-jxKicah'tut and part of 1831,
" The hrartft of the people in ust be prepared fur WAR."
Lewis Cass, in the Senate of the United States.
"I sincerely rejoice at the prospect of IEACE.
My life has been devoted to arm, yet I lobk upon
war at all times and under all circumstances, as
a national calamity, to be avoided if compatible
with national honor.
"HVmtgh fic't'hic th-
bring hurl bu it." I
Lewis Cass in the Senate of the United States.
"The principles of our Government, asf well as
its true ptAicy, are opposed to the subjugation of
other nations, and the dismcmbenneut pf other
countries by cawpiest. In the language of the i
great Washington, "W hy should we quit pur own
to stand on foreign ground 7"1 I
Zachary Taylor, in his Allison letter.
Compare these together, reader, and determine
fr yourself which utters the most Christian-like,
humane, and patriotic language. Rich. Rep.
. S . 33,325
All received as extra compensation.
In a more important document, No. 6, 2Gth Con
gress, 1 find the following items under the head of
"extra allowances" and where Gen. Cass appears
to Have received, not as Governor of Michigan,
.but as additional pay while holding the office of
Lewis Cass, for a per diem of 88 for 55
days extra service aa Commissioner, at
the treaties of Greenville in 1814, and
St. Marys in 1818, and concluding ar
rangements with tho Wyandottes in
1817 and 1818, - . $440
Travelling expenses, - - -260
Attendance and travelling at Fort Meigs,
1817,. - - 200
Attendance and travelling at St. Marie,
in September and October 1818, GOO
Travelling and other expenses incident
to tho Saguonaw treaty, in 1819, 240
Do. do. to the treatv Sault St. Marv.
1820, - - - 33G
Fifty days extra service before and after
the) treaties, - - - 400
Cotijinissioner at Chicago, 52 days, at 88 5
pdr day, 1821, - - -416
Mikjage for do. 8 for every 20 miles, 2ia
Attendance at the seat of Government,
182b', for settlement of his own ac
counts, - - - 1,180
For treating with Indians at Wapagli-
konetta in 1 825, and allowances, 256
Same kind of service, same year, at
Prairie du Chien, and carrying tho
treaty to Washington, - - 2,092
bimilar service, 1820, in Indiana, in Sept.
and October, - - - 552
Similar service, 182G, at Fond dn Lac,
three months, ! - - 1,3G0
Similar service, 1827, at Butte des Mortc,
June, July and August, - 960
Similar service, 1828, at Green Bay, July,
and August, - - 1,112
Similar service, 1827, at St. Joseph, for
September, - - - 240
Services and expenses at seat of govern
ment, 1 1 1 days, 1 329, - - 1,520
Extra pay for services at Piqua, Ohio,
lor W ayne and Chicago, 1822 to 1828, 10,500
We learn from the Union, that the President list
nominated to the Senate the Hon. Isaac Toncfy,
of Conn., to be Attorney General of tho U. States,
in place of the Hon. Nathan Clifford, resigned.
Also, the Hon. Arthur P. Bagby, Senator froro
Alabama, to be Envoy Extraordin-iry and Minister
Plenipotentiary of the United States to Russia, In
L place of the Hon. Ralph Ingersoll, recalled at bis
THE WILMOT PROVISO.
When 'the Democrats talk about the Wihnot'
Proviso,'Tct not the Whigs forget that Wilmot I
a Loco Foco, and that his Proviso was pnMod.at
the first session after Polk's inauguration by nfrw "
votes majority, in a House in which the Loco Foco -had
a majority of soino sixty or severity members.
The New York Globe, a IiCo Foco paper, mkmi
the following prediction, and we take great pleas
ure in fully concurring with our Democratic friend :
General Taylor attempts to deceive no one. Hn
has made no pledges to a win votes, and though wt
cannot support him, unless we are more fully ac
quainted with his views ; yet vc have no hesitation
to declare our opinion to 4e, that if tho contest is
between Taylor and Cass, the former will rocoirs
nine-tenths of the electoral vote of the Union. - Tho
election of Cass may be considered almost as an
A CHAPTER OF POLITICAL WONDERS.
Under th J above caption, the Cincinnati Chroni
cle publishes the following facts and cojn merits :
'Some one has quaintly remarked, tlUt: if peace
be now made, this will be the lir.-t e.wantp'e nf a
War begun without authority, and ended f without
authority ! But this is only. a partothe ivondcrs.
This is triple pay for actual service, an 1 dupli
cate extra pay to , the amount o! sixty thousand
four hand ml and tirtlre dollars !
There were other benefits than tins rcce.vcl.
j During the time that General Cass whs Governor
j of the Michigan territory, he received his reguhr
; salary, always libera l--cven munificent for the
1 amount of service p erformed. Nor was this all,
! for the position of Governor Cass enabl'-d him to
become rich, a a speculator in tne Public IJomain,
and he located his lots almost iu tiie heart of-the
present great citv of Detroit. The Govcfn;riant
! has made him rich, and in a in inner, it would
j seem, not always in accord Mice a ith rm''?fu ? of
! strict equity, and many will doubt eteti if it really
' be strictly lust. E. B.
PEACE WITH MEXICO.
The Washington Union of Saturday last con
tains the official news of tho ratification of ths
i Treaty of Peace with Mexico, in the shnn of a
i 1 ... e - l. m '. . . .
leuer irom me -ommis?ioncra, Messrs'. Chiton)
and Sevier, to Mr. Buchnun, Secretary of .StU:
'Citv oi Qltrf.taro, May 25, 1818.
Sir : We have the s iti.-faction to- inform yon
that we reached this city this afternoon at about 5
o'clock, and that the treaty as am n k'l by tho
Senate of the United States passed the, Mexican
Si -ii 1 to about the hour ofour arrival, by a votij of
33 to 5. It having previously passed tho Houvi of
Deputies, nothing now remains but to exchange th
ratifications, of the treaty.
At about four IvMgu.'i fro:n this city we wen
mot by a Mexican escort, under tlie command of
Col. Il-.-rn ra, and wtrt escorted to a house pre
pared by te government for our reception. - Th
Minister of foreign Relations, and thj- Govern;
of th.? city called upon ua, un 1 accompanied us to
dinner, which they h id previously prJereJ. So
far us the govcrnwiit i concerned, 'every facility
and honor have ben off. Ted u, and Sr; Rosa, I'.u '
Minister of Foreign Relations, desires- us to statu
that lie feels great s.itijfrf ion in meeting tho min
ister of peace from the United States.
We will write to you again alwrtly, ami more at
length, as the courier fa on LV? point of k-prtur.
The city appears to be in a great stile of exul
tation, fire-works going off, anJ bands of trw sic
priding in every direction.
SeVe have the lionor to be, your oboJL'iit
! A. II SEVIER.
! NATHAN' CLIFFORD.
t Hon. Jaut, B'- :tiAt,
Secretary of State
dared to Georgt W. II iy wood, Esq. for the f;
fnl manner -in which he represented onr wishes in
.1 . - , . ' - ri- . I -. r
W. Courts j which attend this most extraordinary
,'Coinmhus Alills, oainuel r teming. Ceo. W . Pe-1 History. Jak at tnese, tor example :
I jrrani. Duncan Shaw, John W. Ellis. G.tston H. 1. The President makes War without; tlie nn
th thank ol this. meeting lie and are hereby ten- quisitious for volunteers, the men should elect the
aitii- , r teld Officers : but the alteration could not be made Wilder, Andrew. Ferguson, E.'D. Hall, I). Murphy, !
to take effect in the present Regiment, without ma- '-Neill Regan. John McNeill, J. P. Davis. Arthur !
!tno late nation 1 vng ouvcnuon in uie - vy 01 teriat injury to tiie public service.aiui therefore the j'lirown, 1 . 11. v illiuns, C..11. Urogden, J. A. Da- , ty. or any authority.
Iphiltdelpliu. old mode of appolutiucnt was directed in it. Be- vis. And Wm. W. Hol len, tlie "Editor of the j " 3. The Pre -idrnt of this
i On ihotion, it was foZmf,thnt a copy of these sitles tlie assemblage of the. Volunteers at two pla- ! " Standard." gave the recommendation his good blest firncral of the enemy
nroceodings be fonvarded to the. Raleigh Register, ces of rendezvous, which nrevented the nrrwnii.f- 1 will, and onlv failed to s'iltu it. that he mipht be free 1 flirht us as hard as ;o.vib!e.
thority of law.
2. Ilia ArnVsador enl3 it without his anthori-
' I '
country pem:i$s tlie a-
to 'tike co:mnd, a:i l
y.to a proper election, it vvas of the to attack the appoinrtnfnt form illy in pri
ancv, at that time, that the companies : At tiie hizird of being prolix, we are
Rejrtmeu:, nor could a ennminr be sent off to the
nid cf Grn. Tayfor, t!en threaten d by the force
which subsequently attacked him at Buena Vist..
1 : but upon a like written order. From the delay of
. ' 7Xt "Wahinctos Imos"' is in an nnconcr.i!-' i final action, by fe Legislature.on the Bill conceni
fd agciny a: tho nomfnation of (ich. Taylor, tuvU g the apointinci:t of officer?-, it did in fact solnp-rsiHW-ifoods
ofcmcxililc tears at his "hiving yield- - p-'n, that the fir.t cornfranies wliieliarrivej :itSuuti
vl t teinntation. aiul icrilicivl himself ttiou 'the . ville, vr for 7:jk ti:.c, witiK.iH ar;tv. oven to arm
ditkm. Yet -not a musket could te drawli excent i as to liberality in Militiry appoimrnvnt-i. A
ujwii tao requisition in wrung ot the Coloue! ol tlie Hunk it will ap(ear to tiie enlightened obserTatim.
ln 1 n. f . IT . 1 ' . 1
J lines ana .ir, ror puuncauon, ana inn me oriivr ance ncct-ssory
uig mvji j una muivi uc nuioim 10 -T.r uwHoa 4:uKna iicv, ai uiai nine, inai tne compa
tha same. ' ; - ! of the Rcgiiueut should be armsL drilled and des- to a comparison of the course of the Governor of tliis ; without offence
ai .t ' .f l . .t . t . ., . 1 .... . .. .. . 1.. r. . .. . ... . - ! . ...
TW.uwnM 01 me meeuns were men leniicrea 1 patcnou ta l ie scat ot War. with all txwible exile- I State. with that oi the Freident ot the United Stites. . o. We rnviou
Iu .ur. .Winer or nis auw ana patriotic auareana
to tho Chairmau snd Scfeotary, and the meetiug
r DAVID OUTLAW, ClAn'n.
B. B. Lewis, Sec y.
Uiat liOCii r ocisin has been all the w.iue. s. nee tiie
beginning of tlie war, acting ujiou tiie sordid prin
1 cipie. contained in the R -sol n tion in que.-tion, th.it
. no .Whig shall hold :"u e in the army, as has been
: lone since practise! bv it iji civil life.
4. I lie General ot our foreos. win conyiercd
th? cnemv is arretted in tlie inidrt of victofie, and
to 1J IrifJ as a critiiinti!
to jy twenty in'lHoru of dollars
f t territory weh i 3 u!r -M.lv; vjcupieJ. I
ii. We have tin r ?t l ils in t!o world', ani wo
are exredingSf sn.o-a Ij gi tiie worst J
A seri of cantr.iJictio.-i-', of blunders: air I in
crediblc incotisitvueies like these, cnsnot wc he
lieve b? piralM.l by any A hntnAtrationi ir arry
PcrhT'S. 0 we hunt up tuo uri"tv
i ALL UNITED.
, A grand ratification meeting' his been lu ld in
! Washington in the sjuare near the City Hail. It
ra3 estimated a crowd of tweiityiive. hurvire! p-r-'
sons artendtld. ilnid and 'oentires were tlie a'
. cornpanimentf of the occasion.
1 Nor were other eut-TtAininen's of a mop: int 1
' 1 -ctnal character waiting, -eclirs of great
, (tower and f u 1 of f ntlAuiasin fur the g'l c iiko
i were d-'livefed. All r.M" htir:iny and dtermina
. tinn. A-riong the ;K.ik-;r- v :r" Me-..". ( 'ritt-n-
d-ii, U. W. Thrr.nj'son of Indiana, Win. Duer of
j . V. an ! C A. IL--kr;ll of T-nn. The c-l.bration
' coirtfrruul ahna-t to the small horir-i.
Mr. Crittenden s'ke i:i an rloq'i -at srrtin of
1 Gen. Tayl- r's' rn-rit as a sdiier, as a rsr. of
V'r er.s.Tnni;, iw D-nrs Nf) DEBT, sr
p :ujx juvx.- di was tlie rrmfoofth9
D.-.nvxTMcy in 1314 starlrrg joir in tlie fare,at the
had ol the columru of all the HeiiKicrstiC' papri.
... .1 . . k. . '
W c (f.m rw that km1 01 thtTJ eontimit tns mdm
'apti in. with the imrxirtjtit omiasion of so Di;nT !
Th h i..lre.l imlRotw, winch Mr. Pi!k has ad-Ul
to tlie n ttiou.il d"U, iki ilouM snggested tlw ydl'tcj
. .lot ttliihiing to the mdy'Ct of d-rbtat all I
trhly f'tl'-raljile efWhiogrrr.
-i .! ir
g i ir u c; -ij !':
r v i:: t
iu ) Ij.h ol
1 f I
; sense, a:aa3a v ;ng a ?o-j a iu:.V7.i. lie ri:i
i Ij-en acquaint-''! vrith oi.l il.ugii arl Ready, t
! Old Zick, or w!ntrtv.r lie may !r ciIUhI for uanv
' vwm. Hi moral chir.ict r lih.r:h not nuri-
IIuii-a;! f: Tii.ir.l O.-n hnn!rjl gMvs
'.re fir! t :-J..y at I - 'Vio-k Iror.ii t'w CotnnM.a
i 1 i'KHtor of tlie Wiilg tK!iiJ.it:r;i and il mtirica-li-Mi.
Tifl i;npr..-3Miou mirniJ fJJ -krKIiig.fw'?
:-, tfMt '! i-i.i.c!iii"-tl' will a 'or -K'aij-!! i l
f I a r r.o:i. Huston
, June 12.
hunt up tuo "ur;i
or .Henry t!ie ;i;:h
I. !'i:t cert.i: tly ;
it v c-1. M
tallica 1 w.i
irai-- Lt fir. t.'i.i
Jiiosii r' rincfi.
t he bid m-ver
i ver iirmk a !
. lie- h4i iiv
. :,i :, : r ' 1 P
i.J ,11 naziru
'i'.e o wikc r
in V-iA fof til
S .'- r. : :
hirnJred guns vre br.J "f thw WIiIti
t (A u
v .-';, c:i e: t.':e r-'tmiT
j. - if. hrid Um
f r th Po.-Ufc r-.-v.
ft " i.'V