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(ONE POLLA R F O R
THE C A M P A I G IV )
TT. fTvTTTk PTT TT TT
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY CH. C. RABOTEAU,
EDITOR AXD ROPDIETOB.
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NORTH CAROLINA TIMES.
Vtt o r i a I .
The New Discofery "Free Suffrage."
r Somebody has said, with much truth, that " who-
' ever attempts to make a people discontenje, with
thelT Government will be sure fb find listeriers."
V No one Itnows this better than the Lotofoco can
didate for Governor. He has astonished the good
people of this Commonwealth with the earnest as
surance that they have, for sixty odd years, been
groaning ?nnder a most ruinous oppression, of
which they, good 'easysouls! had not the least
suspicion, ontil he, with the purest and most-patriotic,
motives, was ikind enough to enlighten them
upon the subject. - Poor simpletons ! tov have slept
so long and so tamely under an oppression which
has ground them to powder, or forced them to run
awny to other and more hospitable climes.
" When the people are oppressed; they sometimes
hunoit themselves ; ordinarily, they are presumed to
; fie I tt But in these "progress! vc times," an i mprove
roent has been made in these matters. The people
. need not feel their wrongs they need not even
know them: 1 The task of knowing, and jeeling,
, and complaining is assumed by a cunning dema
gogue, who mounts the stump, and labors, with
' might and main, to convince a happy and content
ed people that the landed Aristocracy of North
Carolina Heaven save the mark ! has been rid
ing rough-shod over the poor devils for two-thirds
of a century; that our noble fathers, who first
formed our ' Constitution, were a parcel of nincom
poops; and that the Legislature which restricted
f the action of the Convention which amended the
Constitution, to certain amendment?, itbt including
"free suffrage' in the Senate, could not see before
them the length of their nosca. Shades of our fa
tliers f what a Solomon we have n our day ! to
... discover our wrongs ! what a tender-hearted Jere
miah to weep over them pathetically, and spare
usi poor sufferers, the trouble ! - .
There are ttvo ways of producing resistance to
, . government the one honest, the other despicable
1 and dangerous. The resistance of the colonies to
the Insufferable oppressions of oitt mother country,
ia an apt illustration of the one. The people of
the Colonics felt their own wrongs,J and acted
gloriously on their oict impulses. " They rose in
their might and achieved liberty and independence.
No- demagognical appeals to imaginary, nnfelt
oppressions were needed to wake their noble and
manly hearts. Their Jlame war "fill not fcigned.
Their's were glorious impulses all felt and acted
together. Jittle demagogues would have been
tworned and scouted in those days of real oppres-
-ion. . . , .!
. But theTe have been instances, in our day, of
producing- discontent and resistance to government,
- .- of a diffcret t character. We remember well, that,
soon after the disaffection of Mr. Calhoun towards
Gen. Jackson came to a head, there were great
;.: f fforts made by the leading politicians in South
; ; ICtrolina to convince the jieople of that Stita that
j they were taxed enormously to. support .the Gov
erntornt. The Forty Bale theory was broached,
and urged with a zeal and passion so seemingly
j earnest, that that people soon waked ; and, after
; the first surprise was over, at the aptoundingj na-
: ture of these enunciations of grievances suffered, a
large majority of the people of South Carolina, aud
infttrr-'tnivorui varonna ana irgiraa,actttaliy be-
lieved that they paid the General Governoient
Forty Bales rf their Cotton, oot rf every hundred
rtlK'y ejorteJ. A grievance which tbry Md in v-
er before dreamed of suddenly burst upon them,
like a clap of thunder in a clear sky. " They vow
ed resistance and rebellion; and nothing but. the
indomitable resolution of the old Hero of New Or
leans, and the kind effhesof Henry Clay, as me
diator, saved us from a bloody intestine war, Der
haps from disunion ! That is a day to be remem
bered. The people were driven, by passionate ap
peals concerning wrongs of which, till then, they
had known nothing, to the verve of madness, and
Soon after this storm was hushed, the restless
spirits that had raised it concocted another. On
the subject of Slavery there had been muttering
among a few madmen at the North ; but there
had been, up to that time, tio extensive, concerted
action against our "peculiar institutions." But it
was a fine theme for the discontented pplrits of
the Palmetto State to harp on, to cover their in
glorious defeat in the attempt at nullification.
We remember our surprise and incredulity in read
ing, in Duff Green's paper, the Telegraph, a most
inflammatory editorial, announcing to the South,
that there was, in the Northern States, an organ
ized resistance to Slavery in the States, and call
ing upon the South to act, and act vigorously.
It was averred that they were in danger immi
nent danger. The alarm was caught in South
Carolina, and afterwards other States sounded the
tocsin, and called their sleeping citizens to arms
to protect their rights. The North was defied, and
abused, and taunted who defied, and abused, and
taunted in reply.;. The thing has progressed and
where are we now ? This is the great question
which disturbs the Union ; and if ever, which God
forbid ! it shall bo shattered into fragments, the ag
itation of this accursed question will have produc
ed the disaster.
On these two questions, the most exciting that
have ever disturbed our repose, the storm was
raised, we fear, designedly, to accomplish a politi-;
cal object. The people were harrangued and be
devilled about wrongs which they had never felt,
and dangers which they had never feared, until
they at la6t waked into real'wrath, and the conse
quences were almost fatal. -
Mr. Reid may think that he has got up a clever
little breeze to waft him into power. Is he sure
it will not prove a storm ? Is he sure he has the
talent to control it ? Mr. Calhoun has most ez
nally failed ; and Mr. Reid, in his own little way,
may not be able to do better. He may be some
what windy but he can scarcely yet be dubbed
"Professor of Winds." . His name is not Espy.
He may be tumbled - topsy-turvy in his own whirl
wind, and come out somewhat bruised at the small
end of the horn. But can ho answer for the con
sequences ? Some demagogue, more unscrupu
lous than himself, may hereafter desire to go far
ther.; He only desires now to abolish the land
qualification in voting for the Senate, because it i3
"a property distinction and odious." Well, this
may do for this election. But, if that amendment
could . be made, will demagoguism be satisfied ?
Are there no other property qualifications equally
odious! Will not somebody who wants- to be
Governor, hereafter, put up a pitiful mouth to the
people, and tell them, with tears in his eyes, that
they have been outrageously sinned against from
the foundation of oyr Government, because all are
contitutionally disqualified from ! being Senators
who do not own three hundred acres of land ?
Will he not convince them, or try hard to do so,
that this disqualification has driven into exile in
foreign Jands thousands of good citizens of the Old
North State, because they had not land enough to
become Senators ?' And, when this amendment
shall have been effected, will not some other wise
Solomon rise up in the hind, who may want to be
Governor, and preach another crusade against the
Constitution, because nobody can be Governor
without a freehold of the value of two thousand
dollars ? And may he not tell a confiding and in
dignant people, that thousands of excellent citizens
have deserted their native land, and gone boo-oo-ing
a dreary way to the Mississippi, because the
Constitution would not -allow them to be made
iOverr.ors oi wanting tne necessary property j
And will there not be kept so in reserve a beau
1-tiful fupplv for the biennial use of successive dem-
. . win. i- . -i . j 'l and repeatedly urged. Col. Reid to state in what
tmction hobbies-distributed out in long succes- j way bv what kmethod he and the pSkiteS -
sien one a-piece ? Why not abolish all these ; pected to raise the money to pay off the immense
odious distinctions at once ? Why not open Pan- debt which this useless war had brought on the
dora's box, and give us now the full benefit ? Per- ' country ; but could get no answer. This was
haps Mr. Reid isxonscientious, and does not think j ? ff M,r ' l"1. an, eo sudl:
. .. .. , , t ensly avoided by Mr. Reid, who evinced so much
it right to deprive his successors cf a moderate : embarrassment at this very perplexing and disa
sture of the thunder. He may wish the benefit to I ?rreeable inquiry, that all sides showed svmnihv
be like his own suffrage, "free and equal."
But is it right? is it patriotic ?
Is it safe to la-
borto array the people against a constitution which j ReJd took grpal care to avoi(1 . but mention
was the work of our Revolutionary sires, by alleg- ; cd in a low tone of voice, that he had seen it men
ing and expatiating on grievances which the peo- t tun:d in sem? Mexican p.iK.rs, tliat the public
pla have never felt ? If the grievances were real, ' lanis which we were to receive Under the Treaty
tw i.,.:i f t j c? o i ... I were worth five hundred million of dollars. This
would I tiey. have waited for David S. Rei J to tell ; r?rtmk. provpl:ed smi,Cs fiorn both sides.
mem x w outo iaey not nave tound it oi:t before
they were instructed therein by 'him ? Would they
net have instructed him, and called on him to rr-
drcs their injuries-insfead of being so kindly in-
. " -
formed c( their distresses just at the time when he
J wanted their vntes ?
i- rvo. Mr. Keid does but mock us. His tears
are hypocritical. The wise and rood of hi own
- o .. -.
... J . . ..
' - j r-
Pvr.e-:.Mfs cf Warren an.! F.dg.-vn nb-, and Nash,
Alkl fIIUV 11. iLLIU lLK'I!Iir KIT , VI. I Tin IifimiT
raleigh, Saturday; july-i, 1848.
do not conceal their disapprobation of Mr. Reid's i
course. They say with us,
"Woodman ! spare that tree
Touch not a single bough !
In ymith it sheltered me,
And I'll protect it now.'1
"The success of .Mr. Polk's administration is
the best evidence of what sound principles, honest
ly carried out, can accomplish." Standard.
We will examine the success of one of the sound
principles of Mr. Polk's administration, as the
Standard says, honestly carried out. At the Balti
more Convention, on the nomination of Mr. Polk,
the following resolution was adopted :
"Resolved, That our title to the whole of the ter
ritory of Oregon is clear and unquestionable ; that
no portion of the same ought to be ceded to Eng
land, or any other power."
This pledge is as broad and explicit as language
can convey, made by a Convention of Delegates
selected to give effect to the principles of the par-
ty ; and ratified and accepted by Mr. Polk, as .
"sou7?P and unalterable, in his letter of 23d April,
1844. Let us see now how "honestly," and with
what "success,"' he carried this "sound principle"
out, and what he actually accoinplislied. What
are the facts ? Why, briefly, these : This iden
tical James K. Polk gave up .54 40, and came
down to 49; made a treaty and signed it with his
own name, and sent .it to the United States Senate
for ratification where a majority of his friends,
all of whom were .pledged' to this Baltimore reso
lution, voted for it ! Here's "success" for ynu, of
one of these "sound principles !" From 49 to 54
40 i6 three hundred and sixty miles in a straight
line, and nearly five hundred by the indentures of
the coast, making in all 216,000 square miles of
territory, or more than five limes as large as the
Stale of Ohio. Mr. Polk forgot his pledges, forgot
the edicts of the Baltimore Convention, forgot his
American feelings, crouched down before the first
roar of the British lion, and quietly gave up a ter
ritory of vast .extent, more than fire times as large
as the State of Ohio. How honestly, now, was
this sound principle successfully carried out ?
Why, it was'nt carried out at all the facts are as
we have stated them and yet, just read the Stan
dard's assertion at the head of this article so de-
are plenty more. We understand all this, and can
be no longer deceived by professions of principle,
without any jtrincjple at all. The "whole or none"
humbusr elected Mr. Polk it served its turn, in
j this "ago of bronze," and was speedily kicked to
! the receptacle of cast-off trumpery. The people
! should never forget the lesson of party duplicity,
or the men who practised upon their patriotic feel
ings only to betray and insult them.
We may look at the success of some more of the
sound principles, hereafter. The bloodless acqui
sition of Texas, is another see Polk's pledge to
the Baltimore Convention, and his first Message to
Congress. The People will look closely at these
things, and long remember them.
From the Greensborongh Patriot.
MANLY AND REID AT; GERMANTON.
Germantox, June 14, 1848.
On Tuesday Messrs. Maxly and Reid address
ed the citizens of Stokes. The audience was a
large one. The orators spoke under an agreement
to speak at first two hours and a half each, and the
replica not to exceed halt art hour.
Mr. Manly's speech and reply were interesting
and eloquent beyond description. His eift at pop-
ular adtiresses is
truly fortunate: whilst, talking
audience, Whigs and Democrats, evidently
showed reluctance that he should stop. His expo
sition of the causes, manner and purposes of the
Mexican war was satisfactory to all unbiassed
minds ; and many honest Democrats rave their as-
sent to me conclusions oi nis convincing ana irre-
.1 . -I rl .
sistible arguments. He rendered ridiculous, and
exposea wua master nana, ti e enort mat is being
, yi- uuw- uhti. urc jwiguu
aim uarn-n uiaiut ui .m'v jicxico ana
would afford indemnity to the people against twen
ty millions of dollars more, with which the pockets
of the people are to be taxed to pay off the expens
es of the war. After mentioning the debt to be
given up to Mexico, the amount to be paid, and the
expenses of the war, he forcibly illustrated4 tho
value to the Union of the indemnity received; by a
' humorous anecdote of an urgent creditor, who fi-
i nally received payment in rattlesnakes. Ha urfnd.
for hie confusion. Some of his friends afterwards
W they would have answered by an increase of
, When Mr. Manly came to remark the P.
v came to remark the rataot-
t ism of the Wij
i? purtv in stif-talninar Cie war. as
' to lhe propriety ot wascn at tha tune under the cir-
I cu'" they doubted, and which was begun,
i as thev beneved, bv an infraction of tlie constitution
1 f,n th;, rart ef iW.W Poik.anJ PijUv
J when he brought to vu w tne s.-rvioes harJs!ups,
-cepr;vationa ana mJonutubie counge ot the brave
1 avIcr' n' 'nccrs an? men u.eir ur.paraiie.eu vie
tories the lnstrc and glory with winch they have !
i. .1 I
crowneu tw iiinonii c
j cru'-l. whil.-t th aud
laracter. it really seemed
'.V -TC U!l
ceittui, so unsustained, so oroau ana comprenen- as Lieutenant under Ueneral Stark, in the battle ot
sive, but which is utterly refuted, by one single Bennington. He was born at Bennington Ver
instancp. havfi found time to adduce, and thfirn mont. in 17"7L and early in life removed to what
which his eloquence had so powerfully aroused to al
lude to the cold-hearted and envious attempt of Col.!
Reid, Jacob Thompson, and other locofoco members
of Congress to disgrace the old veteran, whfn his
friends asked the usual but simple vote of thanks.
Col. Ra countenance " got hetter" when this part
of the subject was dropped. -
The power with which Mr. Manly struck Col.
Reid's views on the new question he had raised,
and his desire to alter the constitution of the old
North State, was, figuratively speaking, equal to
the " fair, hit " which Haskell's " 8and-hillcr'i gave
hi9 antagonist, when he knocked him forty rods
against a fence, breaking down by the force bf his
fall fifty yards thereof, stakes and poles ! Il han
dles every subject with a force and power whHch
charms, accompanying his reasoning with srich il
lustrations as cannot fail to convince, interspersing
the whole with chaste and appropriate anecdote?
that entertain and please. He takes the fancy and
and excites the admiration of all who hear him. I
hear many friends, of both parties, say theyJmust
go and hear him again, although it will cause them
a ride of over thirty miles.
To give you any thing like a fair account ipf the
confused, helter-skelter, incoherent argument of
Co Reid wouu saij by hi3 friends (whq were
not present to feel mortified and disappointed); to be
an effort to do him injustice. The energy and force
with which the eloquence of Mr. 'Manly presented
the truth seemed to dismay and confuse him!.
Both were gentlemanly and courteous in their
bearing towards each other. Some of Col. Jteid's
friends complained that the audience was hot so
full and attentive when he was speaking, (or rath
er when reading from tho President's message and
other paper extracts that have been so ofteti pub
lished ato excite no interest,)' but had iril their
candftr to admit that the Whigs were much more
attentive and careful to remain than those who j
were looked upon as his " particular " fijiends.
Should things go on as they soem to have begun,
Mr. Manly will carry to Raleigh from the West in
August next the largest vote that has evej- been
given to any candidate for Governor in North Car
The history, of Millard Fillmore, our candidate
for Vice President, affords a useful lesson .asjshow
ing what may be accomplished in the face -of the
greatest obstacles, by intellect, aided and controlled
by energy, perseverance, and strict integrity, in a
public and private capacity. .
His father, Nathaniel Fillmore, is the son :bf one
of like name who served in the French war,, and
was a true Whig of the Revolution, proving his de
votion to his rountry's cause by gallantly fighting
is now called Summer Hill, Cayujra county New
York, where Millard was born, iJanuary 7,. 1800.
He was a farmer and soon after lost all ' his pro
perty by a bad title to one nf the military lots he
had purchased. About the year 1802 he relnoved
to the town of Sempronius, now Niles, and ; resid
ed there till 1819, when he removed to Erie coun
ty, where he still lives cultivating a. small 1 farm
with his own hand.. He was a strong and uni
form supporter of Jefferson, Madison and Tomp
kins, and is now a true Whig. j
The narrow means of his father deprive Mill
ard of any advantages of education beyond ii what
were afforded by the imperfect and ill tdugh com
mon schools of the country. Books were scarce
and dear, and atthe age of fifteen, when moVe fa
vored youths are far advanced in their classical
studies, or enjoying in colleges the benefit of well
furnished libraries, young Fillmore had read but
little except his common school books and the Bi
ble. At that period he was sent into- the- then
wilds of Livingston county, to learn the clothier's
trade. . He remained about four months, and. was,
then placed with another person to pursurthelsame
business and wool carding in the. town where his
father lived, i A small village library thati was
formed there soon after, gave hirn the first means
of acquiring general knowledge through books,
lie improved the opportunity thus offered ; the an
petite crew by what it
ted upon. 1 he thirst tor
i knowl.v!rr soon Impjmfl inriatiatf and nvarv lpis-
.... nt snpnt in rdimr Four vmw
; .wrp r.ssn.i in this wav. ivorki at his fradp.
and storing his mind, during such hours as he
could command, with the contents of books bf his
tory, biography and travels. Atthe age of 19 he
fortunately made an acqaintance with th0 late
WnltPr Word Fsn w
horn many will remember
a9 one Qf tfce mot estim
ty.JudgC Wood was a man of. wealth and great
j business capacity : he had an excellent law libra
ry, but little professional business. He soon saw
that under the rude exterior of the clothier'f boy
were powers that only' required proper develop
ment to raise the possessor to high distinction and
usefulness, and advLted him to quit his trala and
study law. In reply to the objection of a lack of
: education, means and friends to aidhim in a course
i of professional study, Judge W. kindly offered to
j give him a place in his office, to advance money to
defray his expenses, and wait until success in busi
ness should furnish the means of repayment. The
offer was accepted. The apprentice boy bought
his time; entered the office of Judge Wood, and
for more than two years applied himself closely to
business and study. He read law and general lit
erature, aud studied and practised surveying.
Fearing he should incur too large a debt to his
benefactor, he taught school for thr?e months in
the year, and acquired the means of partially sup
porting himself. In the fall of 1821 ho removed to
the county of Erie, and the next spring entered
a law otBe in Buffalo. There he sustained him
self by teaching school, and continued his legal
studies until tha spring of 1323, -when ho ws ad-
hiitted to the Common Pieas, ani commenced
practice in the village of Aurora, where he remain-
v 1 until 1330, when he again removed to Buflklo,
rA has continued to reside there ever since!
His first entrance into public 'ife was in Jar.m
rv. IS20, when he Uxik his scat as a member from
Erie county, to which o3i:e he
e was re-eiectlu toe
siduDn? devotion to
two following year?.
His talenu, "integrity and avriduons' devotion to
public business "n won fjr iii n th j coniien:-
of the House ia an un3;viusp!ed degree.
co".imoa reunr.i among the iii.'mV-rj,
sys u is nht, we wul vc'.e for it,
rh-1 HMft iu;Kirt mt measure of a general krAvr"
' tint came ip.i!iirifiT hs service in the Sutl Ig-
'i!atJ-e W t'l.
Debt. In behalf of that great and philanthropic
measure, Mr. Fillmore took an active part, urging
with unanswei able arguments its justice and ex
pediency, a nd, as a member of a commi ttee on the
subject, aiding to perfect its details. That portion
of the bill 'relating to Justices' Courts was drafted
by him, the remainder being the work of the Hon.
John C. Spencer. The bill met with a fierce, uu
relentinw oppositiop at every' stapofits progress,
and to Millard Fillmore as much as to any other
man" are 'we indebted, for expunging from the sta
tute book that relic of a cruel, barbarous age, Im
prisonment for Debt.
He was elected to Congres i in the fall of IS 32.
The session of 1833 4 will lung be remembered as
the one in which that system of politics, known un
der the comp ehea-ive nam? of Jackso i in, wa?
fully developed. He took his seat in the stormy
session of 1833-4, immediately succeeding the re
moval of the Deposits. In those days the business
of the House and debates were led by old experi
enced members new ones, unless they enjoyed a
widespread and almost national reputation, rarely
taking. an active and, , conspicuous part. Little
chance, therefore, was afforded him aa member of
the opposition, young and un.issuming, of display
ing those qualities that so eminently fit him for leg
islative usefulness. But the school was one ad
mirably qualified to more fully - develope and cul
tivate those powers which, under more favorable
circumstances, have enabled him to render such
varied and important services to his country. As
he has ever done in all the stations he has filled,
he discharged his duty with scrupulous fidelity,
never omitting on all proper occasions any effort
to advance the interest of his constituents and the
countrv, and winning the respect and confidence
of all. . . , .
At the close of his term of service he resumed
the practice of his profession, which he pursued
with distinguished reputation and success until,
yielding to the pnblic voice, he consented to be
come a candidate, and was re-elected to Congress
in the fall of 1836 The remarks above made in
relation to his service in the 23d Congress will
measurably apply to his second term. Jacksonism
und the Pet Bank system-had, in the march of
'progressive Democracy," given place to Van Bu- i
rentsm ana tne buj-.treasury, it was out anotu-
er step towards the practical repudiation of old re
publican principles, and an advance to the Locofo-
coism of the present day. In this Congress Mr.
Fillmore took a more active part than ho did du
ring his first term, and on the assembling of tho
next Congress, to which he was re-elected by a
largely increased majority, he was assigned a
prominent place on what, next to that of Ways
and Means, it was justly anticipated would become
the most important committee of the House that
on elections. It was in this Congress that the fa
mous contested New Jersey case came up. It
would swell this brief biographical sketch to too
great a length to enter ujKn tha details of that
case, and it is the less necessary to do so inas- t
much as the circumstances of the gross outrage
then perpetrated by a party calling itself republi
can, and claiming to respect State .rights, must
yet dwell in tlie recollection of every reader.
The prominent part which Mr. Fillmore took
in that case, his patient investigation of all its com
plicated, minute details, the clear convincing man
ner in which he set forth the facts, the lofty and in
dignant eloquence with which he denounced the
meditated wrong, all strongly directed public atten
tion to him as on of the ablest men of that Con
gress, distinguished as it was by the eminent abil
uy and stateinanship of many of ks members. Pub
lic indignation was awakened' by the enormity of
the outrage, and in that long catalogue of abuses
and wrongs which roused a long suffering people
to action, and resulted in the signal overthrow of a
corrupt and insolent dynasty in 1840, the New Jer
sey case stood marked and conspicious.
On the assembling of the next Congress, to which
Mr. Fillmore was re-elected by a majority larger
than was ever before given in his district, he was
placed at the head bf trie committee on Ways and
Means. The duties of that station, always ardu
ous and responsible, were at that tiaie peculiarly
so. A new Administration had come inlcnower.
and found public affairs in a state of the greatest de-
rangement Accounts had been wrongly kept,
peculation ot every kind abounded in almost eve ry
department of the Government, the revenue was in
adequate to meet the ordinary expenses, the alrea
dy large existing debt was rapidly swelling in mag
nitude, commerce and manufactures were depress
ed, the currency was deranged, banks were embar
rassed and general distress pervaded the commu
nity. To bring order out of disorder, to replenish
the NationalTrcasury, to provide means that would
enable the Government to mset the demands a
gainst it, and to pay off the debt, to revive the in
dustry ot the country, and to restore its wonted
prosperity ; these were the tasks devolved upon the
Committee of Ways and Mean?. To increase their
difficulties, tfe minority, composed of that party
that had brought tbe Country und Government into
such a condition, instead of aiding to repair the evil
they had done, uniformly opposed almost every
m&ins bfoufrht forward fur. relief, and too often
their unavailing effort? wer successfully aided by
a treacherous Executive. But witi energy and de
votion lu tiie public weal, worthy of all aumir.ttion,
Mr. FiUuiore applied himself to the task, and sus
Unied by a majori'y whose enlightened pitrionsrn
his rarely b n equal. I, and nvcr surp i8jd, suc
ceeded in its accomplishment
The measures he brought lorward and sustained
with matchless ability, spesdily relieved the Gov
ernment from its embarrassment, and have fully
justified the most sanguine expectations of their be
nign iniluence upon tue, country at large. A new
and more accurate, system of keeping accounts,
rendering them clear and intelligible, was intro
duced. The tavor.tsm and peculation wl.i'h had
so long disgraced trie dopartnieirj and plundered
j the 1 reaury, were checked by the requisition of
! contracts- i'he credit ol tlie (ioveinment was re
swrcJ. ainpi-j fueaiu were provided tor tie exigeu-
cit-s oi rHiunc service, ana uk oavrneni ri i.ie
.National deui incurred by tie lorjur Aduiiuistra
tion. Coinuierce andManulacturrs reviveJ, and
i pfpr.ty aud hope once more .ai lei upon the land, i
! 1'be Country has tx recently emerged from Xh
' disrot iir. Van Buren A Jmuuira..oj .t !
' 1 of Mr. Van Boreal A Jmuuira..oj .t
' 'Lt 1,0 ewnJ feel att5ring ;t then enJarvd,
j aaa v jitoujc apprectate uie ovnencm iiu won- f Jt presiden -y aays : - It wiU, in U proint
kr:ul ca-.nge to.t haa been wrought U ; h 'i r. result in rr.ving to ihe Cnion a i'reid-nl of
! ui rfc than aa a;:us on to t'tmr laaUers no?essary.
i'ue Jatw .! ie. i3iiig,eAii.iii.agaiulde.eivJrig niea-
SiS---' prudi.ctue A ucu
iijpy" rrf iii wa lurown
11.- vVaa nou v eiU".u.'d
rj '-f ou -Ur- f 1 -"re-
by his patriotic fellow wh'gs ; but on him, never
theless, the main resporoibility rested.
After his long and severe labor In the Comml
tee room labors sufficiently arduous to break down
any but one of an iron constitution sustained by a
spirit that nothitig conld conquer fcjwafTequircd
to give his unremitting attention to the business of
the House, to make anttSpUmEon that might bo
asked, and b ready with a complete and triumph
ant refutation of' every cavil or objection the in
genious sophistry of a factious minority could de
vise. All this,, too, was required to be done with
promptness; clearness, dignity and good temper.
For the performance of these varieJ duties, few
men are more happily quallified than Mr. Ffllraore.
At that fortunate age, when the physical and intel
lectual powers are displayed in the highest perfec
tion, and tha hasty impulses of youth, without any
loss of its vigor, are brought under control of largo'
experience in public affairs, with a mkid capable of
dec?ndinff to minute details, tis well at conceivinir
a grand system of national pblicVcalm and delib
erate in judgment, self poeed and fluent in de
bate, of dignified presence, never unmindful of the
courtesies becoming social and public intercourse,
and of political integrity unimpeachable, he was
admirably fitted for the post of leader of the twen
ty seventh Congress.
Ih 1844 he was selected aifthe Whig candidate
for Governor in New York, but in consequence of
the Barnburners and Old Hunkers uniting their
support upon the late Silas Wright, he failed to be
elected. Confident, however, that he could com
mand the strongest vote in New York, the Whigs
again selected him as their candidate for Comp
troller, in 1847, and succeeded in electing him by an
Such was the boy, and such is the man whom
the Whigs present as their candidate for Vice Pres
ident. Jn every station in which he ha been
placed he hus shown himself " honest, capable and
faithful to the Constitution." He is emphatically
one of the people. For all that he haR and is, he
is indebted under God to his own exertions. Born
to an inheritance of comparative oovertv. he ttruir-
Hed bra Velv With dimVnltipa thnt would hava n-
palled and crashed a less resolute heart. Nobly
has he won hia laurels, and long may ho live to
WHIG RATIFICATION MEETING AT
BOSTON: : I 4 i '
Pursuant to a call, signed by a Iag2 number; of
the citizens of Boston, a great Whig meeting was -,
held in Fancuil Hall, on Friday evening. The
crowd was immense and most enthusiastic : -
Hon. Abbott Lawrence was selected to preside
A series of resolutions were offered by Wow
I Iayden, late of the Boston Atlas. i ?
A letter was received from the Hon. Geo. Evans,
of Maine, in reply to an invitation to be present.
Mr E. expresed cordial assent to the Whig norn- -inations;
but previous engagement to attend av
similar meeting at Augasta, prevented his beinir
at Fanueil Hall. b
Hon. Rufus Chonte then., addressed the audi
ence. He said he knew Gen: Taylor to be a good
Whig and an honest man. He would be surround
ed with a Whig cabinets he was the friend of in
ternal improvements, and would be for improving
the navigation of our Western rivers, rather than
go 5,000 miles poking for the ruins of Sodom anl
Gomon-ah, in the Dead Sea. 3f r. Choate's remarks .
were received with immense cheering.
He was followed by Hon. George Lunt, who
was loudly cheered.
Major "John P. Gaines, of Kentucky, then ad
dressed the meeting. He knew Gen. Taylor loti
nately, and related many interesting reminiscences
of his life his decision, firmness, sagacity on the
field of battle. 'Ono word,' says he, in conclu
sion, as to Gen. Taylor; he being a Whig, h
walks like a Whig, he looks like a Whig, and he
talks mora like a Whig than a pig can pquenl like
a pig. I am considered at home a high priest of
v mg principles, aria ucn. Taylor u as 1 am
i.after.three times three cheer had been given for
x ayiur anu r iinnorc, uie meeting aojourned.
, , - -
GEN. TAYLOR'S NOMINATION. ) '
The New Orleans Delta, contains the following
paragraph, giving intelligence of the first an
nouncement inad to General Taylor of kit Doma
in ition for President : l
' By a happy and extraordinary coincidence, the '
news of Gen. Taylor's nominattou was brought
down the river from .Memphis by tlie steam boat
Gen. Taylor, Captain Morehead, (which, by the by,
the reader will remember,- was the name of tbn
President of the Convention.) JAs the boat ap
proached the General's plantation near Rodney,
she rounded to, and the passengers commence!
hillowinir very IowUt for the old hero. After
loodly for the old hero.
j awhile the general emerged I rem a tog cabin and
'. came aown u m lan nng. wnere ne wa mrt DV
! Captain Morehead, who handed him a letter
nouncing his nomination. He read it without the
alightert appearance of emotion,- after which h
quietly folded it up, put it into the capacious pocket
of thai famous old brown coat, and turning to tbe
Captain, remarked It's a very fine day, Captain
a : very firio ''day, indeed.' Yes, very fine re
sponded the Captain. ' Did yon have a pleasent
trip down? ' Quite so, was the Captain's re
sponse. Good morning, gentlemen. And the
i npcrturbable old gentleman waddled off, bowing ,
as ito went, tu the passengers and crew; who mdj
the weikin ring with tixir kid barrai for OU
U. S. SENATORS.
Tliomas Fitzgerald, Dem.; has been appointed
V. S. Senator by tho Governor f of Michigan, in
pi ice of Ixwis Cass, resigned.
Tlie Ivgitlitare of New IIampbire has elected
Mosen Morris, Jr., Dero., C S. i Seualcr .ibr six,
yeir from th? 4h of Mrch msU n place of -Mr.
AUicrtwi, wIk? term then expires.
j fh Conrier dee Ettt Vttit pnb!ihd t Xnr
: y,, remmrking upon Gen. TayW nmnfnatioa"
a ry, result T'VU' in ,lje
Var nvnioty at wmp!:city, of firgularty cornet
'. yh'gment, an-i of triJ incrity. Surely, ' mM
j hr? Coorier, the mtoti Vwigf.t U be sitihd; for
SVv:.U.toTO?i5 d) nut s4riug up every iy."