S-arVkk. i proprietor.. IXDEPi:XDEXT I?s ALL THINGS. Torm-a.oo rr Y.r.
VOL. VI. CRAVKX COUNTY, N. C, FEBRUARY 14, 1884. NO. 46.
NO WELL REGULATED FARM
Can Afford to be without a
KEMP'S MANURE SPREADER.
Ihe Greatest Labor Saving Implement of the Age.
It spreads evenly and uniformly all grades of Manure, C"tton Seed, etc.,
either broadcast or in drills.
iJefer to the following farmers who arc using th-in and who oan t..-tify t.i
thlr superiority :
J. M. Mass, II jde County, N. C.
Gjt. R. Bass, Newbern, X. C.
J. L. Rhjm, Xewbern, N. C.
W. Dcss, Newbern, X. C.
J. L. Tuckir, Pitt County, X. C,
J. C. WHITTY. Newbern. N- C.
A nt lrt for Tennessee Farm "Wason. '-Oriole" and ''Roland"" Chilled
'J v. ?.
Tt Best m Use, Harrows, Cultivators. Castings, etc.
- 'Com nd see me, and remember alo that NO WELL RKUl'LATED
" FAMILY ca afford to be without a GILBERT FORCE PUMP.
KINSTON, N. C
At Reasonable Terms, Wholesale and Retail.
100 bbla. Heavy Mess Pork.
100 Mla. Family Flour.
100 Boxes and Caddies Tobacco.
100 Tons of Kainit.
25 bbls. Vinegar.
25 bbls. and half bbls. Lorillard's Snaff.
. 1,000 Doaens Coats' Spool Cotton.
1,000 Doens Lion's Baking Powders.
Etc., Etc., Eu.
:;KlNST02r, JAN., 1S84.
Urn; Pell Ballance & Co.,
z : --
!!; " GROCERIES,
r , v.
SOUTH FRONT STREET, NEWBERN, N. C.
We are not members of the Board oi
Trade, nor have we ever been, and wo are
carrying the Largest and Best Selected
fSfock of Fancy and Staple Groceries ever
displayed in the city, consisting of the following:---
25 bbls. Best in the World Flour,
50 " South Lake Flour,
180 " Tip Top Flour,
100 u Purity Fiour,
50 Saratoga Family.
50 " Saratoga Extra Flour.
25 James River Super. Flour.
65 bbls. Pork,
5000 lbs. Fat Backs,
5000 lbs. Long Clears,
5000 lbs. Smoked Shoulders.
1250 gallons Molasses, Syrups, etc.
50 buekcU Lard.
10 Tierces Lard.
25 Tin Cans Lard.
4030 lbs. choicest Cream Cheeo.
1000 lbs. choicest Creamery Ku't.-r.
500 gallons Vinegar,
500 gallons Cider.
250 bags Salt,
15 bbls. Table Salt.
100 boxes Soap,
40 bags Coffee.
20 gross Essenee Coffee.
100 boxes Cakes and C rack. r,
150 boxes French and Arr.-riean K.-ar. a. 1' . - .n 1 i ":..-rri- .
65 boxes Soda, quarter. Ua'.f ar. : -n- '.: -
50 eases Pickles in trlas.
100 cases Baking 1'
450 boxes Plug and Twist 1'. l a . . .
100,000 Medium and Fine Cizir-. m:ir.-::Vf;r. '- : " -
1200 lbs. Lorillard and G. vN. A. S:, ::. i: r;r- r-- : r. ."
125 Boxes Raisins.
125 boxes French an i An.-ric.:i I 'an iv.
10,000 Florida and Jan:a;.-a ' r s.
1000 Messina Lemons,
2000Porto Rieo C e i N : -50O0
lbs Pecans. A: . ..!- W ,'
200 boxes Scoteh Hern:
Canned Peaches. S.i: -. !. :..
And everything in the (ti-occit and Confec
tionery line, which we prxc to sell at the
VERY lowest living profit.
We carr v a Full Line of Confectionery and
Fancy Groceries, on which wo charge a
GROCER'S PROFIT ONLY.
We solicit only the cah tr;ide.
Come and see us.
t : tii ri: fft. Tl.-.r
Kl 'UMAX'S FOKMl l.A.
W'o imbli.-h t il.iy I'm in ; nf
Foniiul.i with .in i-xtr.irt trmn Irs
address beturc t!io St.ito Au'iicul
rural Society uf (Vc.ru'hi in lsJ.
After Hiving the ivmi!: s of hi a ac
tical cxi'cnciicc on 1 1 n t.irin. Mr.
Now to j;ive oii the fornml.t
nion which my compost is made:
Take thirty bu-hols well rotted
stable manure or well lot ted organic
matter, as leaves, muck. etc.. and
scatter it about three inches thick
upon a piece nt ground so situated
that water will nut stand on it. but
shed off in eveiy direction. The
thirty bushels will weifjh about nine
hundred pounds: take two hundred
pounds of good acid phosphate,
which cost me 2L'.r per ton de
livered, making the two hundred
pounds cost i'2.'jr, and one hundred
pounds kainit, which cost me, ty
the ton 14.00, delivered, or seven
ty cents for one hundred pounds,
and mix the acid phosphate and
kainit thoroughly, then scatter
evenly on the manure. Take next
thirty bushels green cotton seed
and distribute evenly over the pile,
and wet them thoroughly: they will
weigh nine hundred pounds: take
again two bundled pounds acid
phosphate and one hundred pounds
kainit. mis, and spread over the
seed, begin again on the manure
and keep on it this way, building up
vour heap layer by layer until you
get it as high ;us convenient, then
cover wit h six inches of rich earth
from fence corners, and leave al
least six weeks; when ready to haul
to the field cut with a spade or pick
axe square down and mix as thor
oughly as possible. Now we have
thirty bushels of manure weighing
nine hundred pounds, and three
hundred pounds chemicals in the
first layer, and thiity bushels cot
ton seed, weighing nine hundred
pounds and three hundred pounds
of chemicals in the second layer,
anil these two layers combined
form the perfect compost. You per
ceive that the weight is 2 100 pounds.
Value at cost is:
'.tO bushels cottonseed 12: cts -3 7"
400 pounds acid phosphate t ."iO
2' 0 pounds kainit 1 40
Stable manure nominal.
Or for 2-k0 pounds a total value of
f'J.Go. This mixture makes prac
tically a perfect manure for cotton
and a splendid application for corn.
To have a perfect manure for cot
ton, we need: Phosphoric acid,
ammonia, huinns, potash, lime,
magnesia, soda and silica.
Now commercial fertilizers fur
nish us three of these only, phos
phoric acid, ammonia and potash,
and for a long time no potash was
used in their composition. Hence,
don't you see what an imperfect
manure for cotton the best of these
fertilizers must be. Now my com
post contains every element needed:
Acid phosphate gives phosphoric
acid and lime.
Stall manure or organic matter
gives ammonia and humus.
Cotton seed gives ammonia, pot
ash and humus.
Kainit gives potash, lime, mag
nesia and soda.
Silica is always present in the
soil, is practically in inexhaustible
quantities; so we have in my com
post everything essential supplied.'
You will readily perceive in this
formula the vast importance of
kainit, containing, as it does, nearly
one-third of its bulk of salt, it is a
great conservator of moisture. 1
have found it, combined with hu
mus, a specific against rust in cot
ton, and owing to its contents of
sulphate of magnesia it is invaluable
iu the power that it possesses in the
compost heap of fixing the ammonia
as a sulphate and thereby prevent
ing it.s escape. I regard its discov
ery in the bosom of the earth at
Leopold Hall in (iermany along
with that of the phosphate beds at
Charleston, which occurred almost
simultaneously, as the greatest
boon that a kind providence has
bestowed upon the agricultural
community in the last century.
Now, gentlemen, let iin take it
for granted that upon the plan 1
suggest before planting your crop,
ou have made your compost heap,
and put into your ground more
than your crop will take out, then
one cause for the deterior.it ion of
your land has ccit.unly been re
moved. The scientific tmuhlo is
gone but the mechanical difficulty
Shall 1 .-ay what that i-.' I o
on not all recogni.e it? It i- the
;.-,u till lo-s ,, the top soil with its
. 1 1 u a bio ele in en t s ot lor! ii : r y . caused
by our tropical, washing rains and
the .hallow system ot cult lire to
which we are driven in the cultiva
tion of our st an da I'd crops, corn and
cotton. For tins c ih which is a
great one. Three remedies suggest
thel:;e!vrs. One is a piopci ys
TeUi ot hillside ditching, a .-trill
in which the dirt is t hrou n on I he
Upper side of the ditch ! ii.it !'
iua catch the w.i-lnng- and m
tunc, a- it were, inraer the la id.
A not her l- to 1 r foil n d in deep
prrparat ion of uv.v 1 itid- for our
crops, breaking ynui l ind dee;.,-:
each rar as ou air ablr t : u
i'lea-e the quantity ot luiinu- in ::.
-o t ii.it t hot r will he no dan g r a;
i tug : n g too in lie h i lay on top .a
it: our t ; i,i e 'I la- ;!1 : ac e.i -r the
al'sol'privr power o ii:,. .; .;::d
1 etldci' It lr-N ll i hie to -ilfief ti ill,,
diougnt or to wa
J, I'm : I,!-,
pn-r I Would 1 ecoi:
-et acc'tr acly an
'ili- 1 ' . t ; :i i
lea lieu: lac
sand pounds to the acre of a good
a'tinioniated fertilizer in the bottom
of this furrow and cover with a
little dirt, to prevent the fertilizer
coming in direct contact with your
seed, with a -roster furiow from
the sldi thru sow our -red h
hand using a plenty, from three to
lour bushels per acre, and cover
with a hairow or forked plow. '..u
will get a stand in a tew das-: the
stubble ill t he gl out! d ill p: e en t
washing unul it lots. x our cotton
at that season ailmos; the tir.-t of
dune) will grow very rapidly. Nov.
w hen you give your cotton the la-t
swreping. diiil peas in the middle
of each row. and apply with tlu iu
about two hundred pounds of ash
element to the acre. Your peas
will grow oil' rapidly, will in their
turn prevent washing, will not in
terfere with the opening or picking
ot your cotton, will protect the
lower bolls against dirt and will
give you a magnificent coat of hu
mus as a manure lor your land.
In the history ot the world the
fact is well attested that no people
who are so fortunate as to 1 e able to
raise two food crops in one ea:-.
can be kept long in subject ion . 'fo
this fact is due the wonderful recu
perative powers exhibited under
the most unfavorable circumstances
by the people of France. The
French can raise but two crops a
year but w e ex. 'el France, we can
raise three with almost a certainty
ot' success. Nature has done every
thing lor us in this favored clime.
It only remains for us to embrace
the opportunities she so freely
oilers, and an era of unexampled
prosperity certainly awaits us.
There is one trouble that has
often struck me as applicable to the
fanners of this country: they are
not deficient in energy but they
don't think enough.
Now above all 1 would recommend
to our farmers to read, think, .-tudy
and experiment for themselves.
As a rule we work too hard and
think too little.
Some one has said: -'W'oik is
the engine which draws the car of
success." Now if 1 were an artist
1 would draw for you a picture of
a huge car Libeled success, drawn
by a powerful engine entitled work
but the picture would not be com
plete without a skilled engineer in
the cab, with his hand on the lever
and eye looking ever ahead, and1
upon his brow 1 would inscribe in
characters of living lire, the word
Let us determine to-day. then,
gentlemen, that we will no longer
ruu in the old groove, and plant as
our fat hers did, because they w ere
our fathers. The world never -lands
still. The circumstances that sur
rounded our fathers no longer en
velop us. Times have changed and
we must wake up to that change,
or we will be left in the race. We
have a glorious country glorious
iu its climate glorious in its soil,
and hallowed to us by those tender
and endearing associations that
ever cluster around the name ot
home. Let us resolve that we will
make it a home that we shall be
proud to leave an heritage for our
children. Then shall the wa.-te
places be made to blossom as the
rose then will it be our glorious
mission to restore (J corgi a to Georg
ians, redeemed, regenerate and
disenthralled, and tor our reward
it shall be that generations yet un
born shall arise and call u-blcs-i,d.
t;()V. .JAUV1S' A DM 1 MSTK AT 1 ON .
'l'lii1 -Vi im dm llwt'rrrr gives in
an article which we copy below a
nxumr of the progress made by the
State during the five years of Gov.
Jarvis' administrat ion. The Gover
nor has yet another year in which
to accomplish a good woik. and
that is, dispose of. to the bc-t iil
tere.-t of the State and m-vcsuI
eastern counties in p. a ticular. t Ic
old bone of contention which hu
so long divided our people and
thereby been a stumbling block in
1 lie way of progt es.-:
"Ye-teiday (lov. .I.irvi- r. ai
plrted his tit'ih ral ot -er ;ce- ;,
Governor of North t'.iiolai.i. No
other Governor except alone ( b .
Caswell ever served .-o long, and
his service was not con t a: m hi-. I' la
old law required an annual election
and forbade a re-elect ion aft er t lave
terms until threr years had inter
vened. GoV. Caswell .-elVed iio'll
! 77i to 1 77'.' and then li un 17- !
to 1 7s 7. lie was led cd .-: x i i me.-:
Alexander M.utin. live time-: J'.eu
i:ii;ii:i William-, four time-. Ihe
i-'ii !y i l ac ice was to , !. t t hive
! 1 llle - s: iccc-.-l eiy . A 1 ' el' the eh .'. t: go
i:i (he con -t 1 1 u : ion in 1 .;." by w hi.-ii
the cilice w a-filled by pooula i vo-r.
two terms of two years e. eh be
came the rule, The con -t ;: u; ion ot
lsiismade another change, fixing
ihe term at four year-, and piuh.b
it 1 1: g atl .in Inc. i 'a t I , eleeie !i.
Gov. Vain.- w ehete.i in I !'.!.'
and again ;u 1 n !: am! then f a
feia y ear- in 1 -7o: in.' w e ialei
-; and th.it t i.c tare he i e. ,!',;. ..e. :
pled t he r Xni, ; ; ,- i ', : . i i w . i - --
t hau ii'. e y e.n - . Wh.r i- pa: i : '.
la : n ot e w oi ; hy a b- c ; ' ( . o . . I ,i : . -'
tii b r the i : . e i ; 1 1 . i g i -' : :. . . :
w i '.v : : a ...!:.. i. : I V . a
i ',i:..!;i!.i. ..ad he h.:- ,i .1 led ',: in
;,ci: ot t i,ei; it: an cicinc:,: de:
1 n hi- : i.angui ai ,.d. e--. ' ! 1 ." a. 1
1. b; an in ! U- -.o'i. ,-
( p'.c ..iv - ;i:u- a .:. "!!-; : :..
; ; hea .i gen t - pe::.-:!:. : : . - . ,
. hi: :r- . - ' : ,ry .n .-. u '!.. ; the-. ; ,
M llO.ll- Jl,' I
m nearly every town of any size in
the State, thus feeding the univer
sity and colleges which year by
year a;c becoming more prosperous
and useful: tha- the Insane Asylum
at 'hl-boro and Morganton have
bee:, oiiii: and equipped; that the
pi-nit en; iat y- building has been
completed a.- tar as our necessities
require: thai the Western North
Carolina railroad which lagged so
many y c.a - a.: the loot of the mountain.-,
ha- pierced the Blue Iiidge
and cn--ed the Alh ghanies, estab-Ii-iiiiig
connect ions with the rail
roads of the distant west, while the
Murphy branch is well under way
toward- completion; that the Cape
Fe a vV Yadkin Valley is about to
till the gap between Greensboro
and the Gulf and its construction
tin; her west is assured: that the
Northeastern Carolina has obtained
long needed railroad facilities and
many loads of smaller note have
been built: and last, but by no
means least, that the mines, min
eral bed-, forest and agricultural
rc.-oiii ces and the general develop
ment oft he State have been brought
to the attention of the world as
Truly the achievements of Gov.
d.ii'vis" administration have been
noteworthy and retlect credit upon
the Governor who has had the wis
dom, the intelligence and the cour
age to ies- (inward promoting in
all ways practicable the develop-!
ineiit and prosperity of the State!
w hich honored him with its confi-
deuce. It is a brilliant record and
otic iu which Gov. Jarvis can feel ai
just and patriotic pride." J
Walter Scott's Regret. j
We can learn something even ;
Iron: an enemy, and a friend's fail-;
ures may instruct us. That is the :
sort of education which a biography j
should give. Sir Walter Scott's, I
especially the portion w hich nar-j
rates his boyhood, gives it. Sir
Walter was a'sickly lad. The fact
partly accounts lor his low standing :
at school. 1 1 is master called nun '-a
stupid boy," but lived to reverse
t his judgment, and the pupil to re
gret that he had not given more at
tention to his studies. 'T would at
this moment." he wrote, in the days
of his fame, "give half the reputa
tion 1 have had the good fortuue to
;ii-quire. if I could rest the remaining
part upon a solid foundation of
learning and science." That sen
tence should be pasted in every
Though a poor scholar, young
Seott was an tusatiable reader, and
often surprised his elders by the
miscellaneous knowledge he posses
sed. He read with delight books of his
tory, t ravels, poetry, fairy tales, ro
mances, and Eastern stories. lie
and a congenial friend would choose
some nook on the face of an almost
inacees-iblc hill, and, climbing up to
ir. sit loi hours reading or telling
e.udi other stories, which were al
ways --to lie continued."'
The boy 's memory was a fickle
ally it retained only what pleased
him. but that it never forgot. lie
left school w ith a great quantity of
general but ill-arranged information.
Later in life he lamented that his
leading had been so desultory in his
y outh. --My appetite for books." he
wrote, -was as ample and incisdrini
inating as it was indefatigable, and
-iin'o. I have had. too frequently,
i eas. m io lejn-nt that few ever read
so it! itch, and to so little, purpose."
Though Scott's reading was un
icgulated. his mother looked after
the education of his heart. She was
gifted w ith good taste and with a
natural -i r.-it i veness to noble ideas.
The h,.y ii.-ed to read aloud to her
Pope's translation of Homer. As is
common with boys, his enthusiasm
w as ai'Mised l.y descriptions of bat
tles, ihit when he came to a pas
sage which expressed generous sen
ta 'eia-. .-', made him pause and
by quet a, ns dre -a- his at tnition to
The mother's training bore fruit,
i he noeii-t awoke one morning to
tind hitii-i It. not famous, he had
'ot en ilia! for years, but a ruined
:i!.;:i. ill - lolly in living as a noble
man .aid hi- blind trust in his pub
! -her-., had bankrupted him.
- Then the mother's training in the
m-ba- ., ts ,,f justice, right, and
. ::- :, :: . a--eiTed itself. "Give
ii. e ho said to his creditors,
ami 1 w ill pay you every penny."
lb- -.a i:im-eii down to his desk to
w i ; ' . oi" -:x hundred thousand dol
i ., - oi deb; . Within ten years he
had written books enough to ame
ti.u .,tc la - atla a - and bring peace to
1 1 :
-in st :tii-:ici nis lingers,
-p. to of it. lb- began
he w . uhl mhi',1 be tree
a -m a. bt. u ;:i :: puialy.-is -truck
him. i ! a:-:-: d on being helped
;.. la- ,h--k. When he found that
h: pen rolled out of his lieiwele.-s
lai a : -. la- t. ll ba k in his i hail and
e;.-. 1 ! w a- laid in his bed and
i.e'.e: :-( iioni t. la- body was
i!:.,- ;, - -on of ; la- life, t hat w hicli
. a t'ioin the boy 's h Oat of
do-;: 1 1 1 '. 1 ea.ia: g and He gleet i u g h is
- n.he-.. w .- e aileady hinted at.
i I . - : e ' ' e . I i h i M'i'r. 1 1 i .
F a he ,.,i io:m;m r. dy .ng at
I i a-' .:.!;. e: working to pay- las
!.' -. v. I. : le a graphic ho-.-ou in liis
,. i- a i ' . i ' i , e ; 1 1 - warning against
' : . . to- a-;. '. . aa ' w 1. :ci ana s to
( a-t (if 11 ltd .
n : an who ha- 1 .e,-u di --.-
!.. .y - ha.-. de ot ed eoti
a ' e : 1 1 i- : l to tin co-t o t
a h.ii necessary indlvid-
i-fa.lti- the eXpeli-e
. ; a . w ill. the -v-
ib. a' - V ooo; t he.-e tig
a' d' -'f.-d by ; he t aae
. - a '..,. .a i : Ved at t he
: ;: : u i i i- ta
A . . It
' , : . i e - .i 1 1 !
How t; Secure l'liysiciil Training.
How shall the millions of children
now at our public .schools, and with
no attent io
educat ion 1
er, be pro-.-taut
lid to their physical
y any competent teach
d( d for in this impor-
i l)i'. Sargent, in his
:. iu the Xorth Amcri
. laments the lack of
their antiquated and
ti acted appliances, and.
the dearth of teachers,
it may .-eeiii in a comi
aiteHigencc and enter-
recent ai t a
can r'n a
piise are a general as in ours, the
teachers i iioroughly qualified for
such woik. wiio have come to be at
ail known f-a thoroughness and real
success, would scarcely make a cor
poral's guard. I'hs. sic:. ins. with
their exceptional acquaintance with
the human body, would, if they
would become equally familiar with
bodily exercise, make easily the
best teachers, as Or. Sargent has so
well proved at Harvard, or as did
Aristotle when he tutored Alexan
der. But w e call the doctor in to
cure us when we are ill. not to keep
us from getting so: hence we make
it no object to him to do what he
could do so well.
There are to-day two hundred
thousand ladies and gentlemen in
this country who, with very little
preparation, could lecome suffi
ciently acquainted with any sen
sible system of gymnastics for
school use to render the rising gen
eration lasting benefit, and yet
avoid all the risks which are likely to
accompany unguided efforts in this
direction, and these are the teach
ers themselves. They already know
how to get the children forward in
other branches. Why not as well
in this one, so important that with
out it the others may never be of
much use? One of'the chief services
a teacher of physical culture can
render is in checking and holding
back the pupils, and keeping them
from overdoing, and teaching them
what will overdo and what will not.
But if the thirty, forty, or fifty boys
and girls in a school-room exercised
for ten minutes each morning right
in the school aisles, either with no
appliance other than the desks and
the floor, or at most each with a
pair of dumb bells, each bell weigh
ing about a twenty-fifth of the
user's weight, if the user is a girl,
or a twentieth, if a boy, doing only
what the teacher did, and as the
teacher did, they would not only
avoid all risk, but could easily in
that short time daily progress as
tonishingly, even in one year, and
that in developing and enlarging
not only one limb, or a part of one,
but the whole body and all the
limbs, and that not only side by
side with their other studies, but
understanding at last just wdiat
part any exercise developed, what
was enough, and what was too
"If propel i v directed.'- says Dr.
Austin Flint, jr., of New York,
himself famous for his fine phy
sique, ''gymnastics will enlarge and
strengthen the muscles of the
trunk, legs. arms, and neck, will
expand the chest, so giving the
lungs free room to play, will render
the joints supple, and impart
grace, ease, and steadiness of car
riage, combined with strength,
quickness, and elasticity of move
ment." And why not distribute
these good things among all our
boys and girls, instead of. as now.
to here and there one? At West
Point, no matter hr.w stooped the
entering ple'o, he is soon taught to
carry himself as eiect as any man
in America. But v,hv limit this
improvement to i
properly directed," says Dr. F'lint:
but here the teacher who Las al
ready shown herself qualified to
direct in other and really far more
difficult branches can readily do
the direct ing in this, and in doing
it w ill b.e sure to lind, in a mult i utile
of instances at least, that she will
soon know a feeling of greater ease
and fitness for all her work, a feel
ing like that so well put by the
soldier Maclarcn had exercising for
a few months. When asked Iiow
the work a fleeted him. he said, -I
feel a better man for anything I am
called on to do." A hundred exer
cises which the teacher and scholar
at a glance could understand, and
at once apply in the .-chool-room.
might read by be here suggested,
did the narrow limits of a paper like
this permit. Many people know of
some such exercises already, and
by a little ingenuity could devise
many more. But any amount of
knowing will not suffice. They
must (' them, do them da Hi mul
t ii i(iinj!ii!: t th' (''r. side by side
with the other studies, and then
they may as certainly look for grati
fy illg progress in this as iu the
other studies If occasionally
problems ari.-e a little difficult for
the teacher an especially hollnw
ehest or a very high shoulder any
young physician of ability, not yet
overcrowded with practice, and
fairly ncqtiuina-d with
eicise and it- le-ults.
aiiTord to devote an h
t wo a
da v. w it fiout an v
of i :
-al ion. to
town f n-
wa -. .
1 1 1 g 111
e el -
id vising hi
W' to meet
doing w hat
' aii age. on
mil iu t he
, I'll!!, skate,
t he! ii el V
a- nioi nim
1's OW II p
and i e g i
: i -1 ; ! u 1 1
1 1 in
'i'.ix iu ll.
NEWS FROM THE OLD WORLD.
Cairo, Feb. 3. Advices from
I Khartoum say that unconfirmed
; rumors are current there that ia
Mahdi is falling back to southern
Kordofan and Darfur, and that
consequently-Col. Coetlogon's fears
of an advance of Kl Mahdi's troops
London. Feb. ."5. The Queen's
I speech, which has been drafted for
submission to the Cabinet Council,
! affirms the intention of Kngland to
withdraw her troops from Egypt as
soon as the conditions of peace and
prosperity will admit of their with
drawal. Musurus Pasha, the Turkish
Ambassador to Great Britain, has
informed Earl Granville that the
' Porte is preparing a note to the
' powers insisting upon the retention
of the Soudan as an integral part
i of Egypt under the Sultan's snzer
j ainty, and stating that the Porte
desires that the Soudan question
be, re furred to a conference of for
ieign ambassadors in London or
i A despatch from Constantinople
: says that the Sultan has assured
! Karl Dutl'eriu, the British Ambas
; sudor to Turkey, that he wishes to
; come to a friendly understanding
regarding Egypt. '
Suakim, Feb. 3. The enemy
! has made an unsuccessful attack
'upon the fortified camp of the
Advices from Sinkat say that
'owing to the scarcity of provisions
there a party recently made a sortie
for forage, but were all cut to
pieces by the enemy.
Six hundred blacks, armed with
: Remington ritles, have left Suakim
' to join Bilker Pasha atTrinkitaf.
j Cairo, Feb. 3. Gen. Gordon has
I appointed Col. Stewart, his military
I secretary, Lieutenant Governor of
1 the Soudan.
London, Feb. 4. Itisannounced
i that the explorer O'Neill has ar
: rived at Mozambique. Ue lias
1 traversed 1,400 miles of hitherto
i unexplored country between Mo
J zambique and Lake Nyassa. O'Neill
i discovered Lake Amuramlen, which
! he declares to be the true source of
I the Pienda river. He reports that
j Lake Shirwa is smaller than it had
I been described to be. Ou his re
! turn O'Neill followed the valley of
I Lake Loango, which he describes
! as well peopled.
I London, Feb. 4. The tenor of
: the Queen's speech, as communi
cated to the press after the party
; dinners to-day at the residences of
Mr. Gladstone and Earl Granville,
; confirms tha general expectation of
! an absence of particular interest in
or definite statement regarding
i Great Britain's relations with
i France on the Madagascar and
: Chinese questions and concerning
' the Australian federation policy.
The speech will express hope that
the American fisheries question
will be arranged satisfactorily.
London, Feb. 5. Advices from
Suakim report that Baker Pasha
has met with a serious defeat.
Baker Pasha had with him 3,500
moil. Ho was advancing when at
tacked. The losses in killed and
wounded amount to 2,000 men.
Baker, with the remnant of his
force, succeeded in reaching Trin
kitat, where the gunboat Banger is
ly ing. He intends to proceed im
mediately to Suakim in the Banger.
Cairo, Feb. o. Advices regard
ing the defeat of Baker Pasha are
'conflicting, but these details have
been received: Baker Pasha began
his advance from the entrenchments
at Trinkitat on Sunday. His force
consisted of 3,000 troops, badly
armed, and short of ammunition,
many of whom showed an unwil
lingness to proceed. Baker Pasha
had sent from Trinkitat to Cairo an
urgent appeal for rifles to replace
the old muskets, with which nuin
, bers of his troops were armed. In
reply he received orders to trv to
force his w ay to Tokar without de
lay, and. with the English ofiicers
1 connected with the expedition, he
began the march, expecting defeat.
The spies had falsely reported that
the roads were clear with the excep
tion oi small bands of rebels. On
Monday forenoon a portion of the
advance encountered a body of
Osman Digra's troops, and a fight
ensued, which was more of a rout
than a battle.
A portion of the force left Trin
kitat on Saturday and threw up
i n t ren eh men t s on the shore of a
lagoon four miles distant. The rest
of the troops followed on Monday.
Baker Pasha intended to advance
to the well of Teb, five miles iurther
and half way to Tokar. Nothing
was heard afterward of his move
ments until there came news of his
London. Feb. i'. Ou rei'eipt of
the news of Baker l'a.-ha's defeat
the Admiralty issued telegraphic
ot del s stopping troop ships on t heir
way to India.
Si akim, Fob. ,7 M ai iiics have
been landed here to prevent a panic.
I taker I'a-ha lost all his camels
and baggage in the light. Most of
the Egyptian otiicer.- and men
bolted, ('oi. Satoi ins tried hard to
rally them, but without success.
The Fuiopcans behaved splen
didly. Col. Sartorius nariowly
escaped with his life. The enemy
pursued almost into Trinkitat. The
I .uropeans. police, and J iirkish in
fantry were cut to pieces. Four
teen European and three native
officers are missing.
The light has begun 1
Aiaii horsemen attacking
I ',i.-1i,i' eavali v. w Inch lied
then formed a square, which the
enemy -Ul lollllded. The l est ol the
1 gy pt mils i hen lte.1 in confusion,
.aid t :.. gunnel- do-cited t heir
,l U ,l -
,-e el ,t i
el; oil: i
w el e
t l i i . i i
lied ! I . t. i
-. in- ili
; i .
.,.' . a e k ! lied l!l lll of tilt
n. .-ii tiy v, lid fn me;.
Of the Stockholders of "The Midland
North Carolina Railway Co'y.''
The regular meeting of the stockhold
ers of The Midland North Carolina Rail
way Company was held at the office of
V. Ci. Bimson, Eaq., in the city of New
Berne, on Wednesday, the 6th day of
February, 1884, at 3 p.m., pursuant to
the by-laws and resolutions of last meet
ing and due notice.
Wra. F. llountree. E.r. was called to
the chair and W. I). Brinson was ap
On motion, V. W. Clark and A. Oak
smith were appointed a committee to
verify proxies and report if a quorum
be pre-ent. The committee retired and
presently reported that there were 1482
shares of stock represented at the meet
ing in person and by proxy by seven
stockholders personally present, which
being a quorum the report was adopted
and the meeting declared duly organized.
Reading minutes of last meeling was
dispensed with, and Mr. Oakemith made
a report of the condition and prospects of
the road and company.
The election of directors being next
in order, ballots were prepared, and W.
E. Clarke was appointed as Teller, who
reported that each of the following gen
tlemen had received 1482 votes, which,
being all of the votes present, they were
declared duly elected as the board of
directors for 1884, viz.: Thoma-i S.
Howard, Wm. Foy. Wm. F. Rountree.
Wm. E. Clarke, Wm. Geo. Brinson.
John D. Davis. O. C. Clark, Levi T.
Oglesby, T. H. Mallison, W. W. Clark.
Thomas Daniels, John W. Pelletier,
James A. Bryan, John V. Jordan, Isaac
Patterson, Appleton Oaksmith.
Mr. Oaksmith then-read certain cor
respondence and submitted the follow
ing resolutions with the names of the
committee in blank, which blank, on
motion of Hon. C. C. Clark, was filled
by the names of A. Oaksmith, W. F.
Rountree and W. G. Brinson, as fol
lows, viz. :
Whereas, Since the last annual meet
ing of the stockholders of this company,
its affairs have become so greatly em
barrassed that the interests of the orig
inal stockholders are likely to be swept
away unless some arrangement can be
made with the bondholders and credit
ors for the reorganization of the com
Resolved, That Appleton Oaksmith,
Wm. F. Rountree and W. G. Brinson be
and are hereby appointed a committee
with full power to prepare a plan of re
organization which, while it shall ade
quately protect said bondholders and
creditors, will in a measure secure the
interests of the original stockholders,
who are in no manner responsible for
the acts and proceedings of W. J. Best
and his associates.
Resolved further, That said commit
tee be empowered to correspond and
confer with said bondholders and cred
itors and take any steps which they
deem expedient in the premises, and
upon their request the president is here
by instructed to call a meeting of stock
holders at any time to confirm their
proceedings or to take such other action
in the premises as may bo deemed ex
pedient. Which was unanimously adopted.
Mr. W. E Clarke submitted the fol
lowing resolution which was, on mo
tion, unanimously adopted:
Whereas, an attempt was made by the
Best administration to change the time
of the annual meeting of the stock
holders of this company without the
knowledge or consent of the original
stockholders and in gross violation of
the By-Laws and the contracts and en
gagements made with them in the
Resolved, That the regular annual
meeling of the stockholders of this
company still be held in New Berne ou
the first Wednesday of February; and
that the next annual meeting shall be
held on the first Wednesday of Feb
ruary, 1885, at the office of the secretary
and treasurer iu said city.
The following resolution was sub
mitted, and, on motion of Hon. Thos. S.
Howard, unanimously adopted, viz:
Resolved, That this company will not
recognize any of the stock issued by
Wm. J. Best and his associates beyoud
the agreed proportion of ten thousand
dollars per mile including the stock
held by the original stockholders, ac
cording to the contracts and engage
ments under which said original stock
holders gave said Best and his associates
control ot this corporation.
On motion, the meeting then a.l
journed. Wm. F. Roi'NTitEE. Chairman.
Wm. Ci:o. Bkinsjx, Secretary.
February, this month of irreguliir
days, lias, besides its many holiday
festival, a history of its own apart
from the regular history of more or
thodox months. There was a time
when the year was divided into ten
months instead of twelve, but dur
ing the reigu nf'Xumn, two months.
.January and February, were added
to the ten. January was named as
the first mouth of the year and
February as the last, until 431.' 15.
0. when the order was changed and
February was placed second. The
word February, meaning purity, is
derived from the Latin verb, febm
re, to purify. Some authors think
that the name was chosen in honor
of Ihe Roman festival Februa a
feast of purification, celebrated in
the latter part of the new month.
Hut, however, it gained its name, it
certainly seems an appropriate one
in this part of the world where,
generally, the whole earth is white
with the pure snow during the
month of February.
Although the month is the short
est one of the twelve, having only
twenty-eight days until leap year
gives it twenty-nine, it contains so
many holidays that the whole month
is transformed into a sort of festival.
Its noted days are Candlemas, the
L'nd, one d the first quarter days
used in Scotland: the 11th, St. Val
entine's, when all the little loves
and cupids arc supposed tow oik
wonders among certain classes of
people, though now the old belief
in St. Valentine is dying out. The
ancients believed that upon this day
the birds chose their mates. The
J Ith of February is St. Matthias'
day. Hut here iuthe I 'nited States
the grand holiday of the month is
the L'L'nd, the birthday of one whose
ii io in i i is revered by every Ameri
can. huh IlloSi nJII .
;.ld'- Tigers are all I.OO-e.
I lind that tiod does not protect
people. His tigers are all loose, and
in. hi in list liroteet himself. Houoi-t
think, invent a club, a sling, a boy,
and tin, illy yunpowder. He luu.-t
.- -a. 1 ; 1 i 1 1 a wild earth for his ouu
good. An eai t h in w hieh evei.v
man wants to do wrong, and can
not. i- not the model earth. An
eai t h in which I'Vi'H in an can do
w roil g. and will not , that i- i he
Ue ,. lei. 1 le.ll ear, 1:. i i III, III IS
I! . it I 1 1 o t e e I ( -, 1 lie IS tllllied I Hit
.oj. I '.'..-I I ill- W ol ill. I he tle.-h. and t he
i le 1 1, and is t oh 1 Jo watch, and
tijlit. and pra. . and the pioin;-e (,
a pari in t lie final r.- lew , and a
choia! en trance i nt o 1 1,( ( 'a of (I ,.,1.
i - to la in "who o ( I come! h . " -Myion
A Marvelous Story
TOLD IH TWO UTTERS.
FROM THE SON : 'ZS&teSS
" Gentlemen: My father residet at Glovr,
Vt. He has been a great sufferer from Scrof
ula, and the incloaed letter will toll you what
a marvelous effect
Ayer s Sarsaparilla
bu had In bis e&tft. T tbink hli blood mutt
bare contained the humor for at least ten
years ; but it did not show, except in the tone
of a scrofulous sore on the wrist, until about
five years ago. From a few spot which ap
peared at that time. It gradually spread so as
to cover his entire body. 1 assurs you be was
terribly afflicted, and an objeot ot pity, vhaa
he began using your medicine. Now, thenar
few men of his age who enjoy as good health
as he has. I could easily name fifty persons
who wonld testify to the facts in his ease.
Yours truly, W. M. PKUXJPa."
FROM THE FATHER:
a doty for me to state to yon the benefit I
hare derived from the use of
Six months ago I was completely covered With
a terrible humor and scrofulous sores. The
humor caused an ineessant nod intolerable
itching, and the skin cracked so as to osess
the blood to flow In many places whenever
I moved. My sufferings war great, and my '
life a burden. I oommeneed the use of th
Sam aparilla In April but, and have used
it regularly since that time. Hy oonditton
began to improve at once. The ere have
all healed, and I feel perfectly well In vary
respect being now able to do a good day's
work, although 73 years of age. MsoaT inquire
what has wrought such a cure ha my ease, and
I tell tbem, as I have here tried So tell yon,
-Ajcb'8 AftSAPaBALa. Glover, Vfc, Oct
21, 1882. yousgratefoUy,
Atib'i SARSAPAmiLLA. eaows eroifals)
and aU Scrofulous Coaaptaisrkf,, Eryalpw
etas, Kcums, Rlng-worns , HlotelMev- -Sores,
Boils, Tumors, and EraptloiU of a t
the Skin. It clears the blood of all Imno- . "-.
rities, aids digestion, stimulates the action of '
the bowels, and thus lestores vitality and ' '
strengthens the whole system.
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Matt,
Sold by all Druggists; tl, six bottles for fa.
LEONIDAS J. MOORE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Oflice opposite Gaston Ilemaa, .
New Berne, N. C.
Will practice In the Counties of Greene, 1js
nolr, Jones, Onslow, Pamlico and Craven; aleo
in the U.H. Dinlrict Court,
Prompt attention paid to the collection Ot
claims. aprlwlyi '
P. H. PELLETIEB, T
Jones County, ' J. a
Will practice in the Courts of Carteret, Jones. ,., yi
Onslow and Craven. ' U-.-h, :'
Special attention elven to the collection OI Jv'.
claims, and settling estate of deceased pr -rt
sonB. , marl-wtrs
, J i .,f
QBORQE V. STUONO,
Raleigh. N. C.
uAniJKi, run, . . v .
Klnaton, N, C 1i. .'--V.
STRONG & PERKY,-
KINSTON, H. C. a ,
ATTORNEYS AJL COUNSELLORS IT LAW-
Having f. nmed a copartnership fo the
practlcBof tdelnwln Jones coanty, wllCrego-
lany aitPna uie coum-h or '..io lant, .rromp!
attention pain to-coiieion. '
mayl2-dAwtf STKONQ A PSRBT .
PHIL. HOLLAND. JR. OWEN H. QtTXOIT. a
HOLLAND & GUION,
Attorneys nt. jaw,'-:
(Oflice one door westof (iaHton Hull BO.) , v.
will practice in the Counties of CrsTon
Jnnn, . idkIiiv, Carteret, Pamliooand Leool
Prompt attvntion paiil to collection.
U. W. NI ION.
NIXOH, SltfMGNS & MANLY.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. ,
Will practice in (he Courts of Craven, JonM, ' '
Onslnw, ('arlHiet, I'mniico HUULeiioIr, and 111
the Kederi'l Coiiil at New Berne, fobfldi-wrs .
DR. G.lv SHACKELFORD,
NEWBERN, K. C. "
Havliiji located permanently In Newborn, t
rt'Himetfully tender my profeHftionai-oervlojjir
t.i the )i(illie. Oflice on Middle wtreet. In Pat
terson Ixilldliu;. opposite HaptlBt Cliurcli.
Tm Years Practlro"l Experience.
DR. J. I). CLAKK,
tVEWBRRN. N. C.
Oflice on I'ravcu street, between Pollock
and Hroud. prl7-dwly
S. W. SJELDNER,
Wholesale Liquor Dealer,
o. '4i Konnokf Square,
DnlMH prompt ly :il (ended to and eatUfac
1 1 n KiiaraiitiM (1.
Khlublinlie.1 s;w. BpU14w6m
Elizabeth Iron Works,
CHAM. XV. I'KTTIT, l'rop.,
2), 22, 2S4 and 288 Water street,
M ANl'KACTI'REU OK
Saw and Grist MillSj
SUA FT I NCIS,"" '
1 iill'.vs;. Hangers,
FOKGISas AND CASTINGS,
( H' Kvery I h'Mei ipliou. r
. iliil-8 for ALL WORK In
mi 17lAw !y
our 1 1 lit
f .-iTA Ill.ISli KIi lcCrk.
CARR & PATT0N,
Genera.1 Wholesale Commission Merchant.
No. 107 KlXi STREET,
.special :it If -nt ion irl viin to the nt ofTiook
uTi.i soul 1m rn Province. Klnh, KggH, elfl
I'rompf Ktturim iainifl.
Kkfkkkm k llarv y A SlMer, Wbolesal
(1'ic'j's, HikIhi; ,V LatiKf, ProvlKion lilfm,
Firnt Nat Hank. V iliuinnton, Iel. au2wLjT
GEO. W. J. HARVEY,
a.'JO UK lyilOND ST..
anil 1J S. FOl'KTII ST.,
! - I A I'.I.ISH I II 1KM).
MnU.r of l.tnllnnrli'i Flnr diatom
u,.,.: , ,.. m. .,-. it. k. iuau, o
m " ' -. m !; ! i s. a.-", a. Oliver
t .il ;,, is. all ..I lli-t ii.-.
v llnllT. l ,M,al t,fll itctl.
: , .A 1,1 i, . I. 1IAIIV IV
m i . i i a 1 1 uiiii a
Hard Sewed SHOES 'Only),
, -i.lj ( IMI, STIIKKT,
, . ,iii, , ... t .
& m (e,,oKi1e i-lnl-lt-a Hotel.
.' : , .i ' , I 1 1 hp. i-Bllj.
' , r - . i, , i ; , ; , , i , I i, I I r nt I . d to.
,. i-i.i-a.xi I" the Itillowlnii iwr
. v. ..,', w, :iMtii;Hli.'t'tt uf my mukf:
..... I', i , . ' 1-.. slovcr,
. i'ii'. ' . 'i. Mitj. Ii W Uurtt
I I I . U li I'lltteiH.iri.
a u I i" I' a "mi, in. lj.i
-' ' '"..
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f , 'h' :'
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