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CHAPEL, HILL, NORTH CAROLINA, SUNDAY, MARCH 14, 1965
LBJ Pledges AH Resources f
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SPIT SHINE EXPERTS Mickey Baity, Ashley Seawell, John
'Aeree, and Tom Clark prepare for next Saturday's drill team
competion. Members, of the AFROTC drill team, the Rammers,
worked all Saturday afternoon cleaning " buckles and shining
shoes. Photo by Jock Lauterer
With .Court Reform
Supreme Court Associate Justice Tom C. Clark said
yesterday that he. was "impressed" with the proposed
reform for the North Carolina court system.
Clark told a news conference at Duke that in order
to attract capable men to the bench "it is necessary to
have not only a reasonable salary, but a reasonable ten
. ure." ... ' ' '
Provisions of the extensive reform would provide in
creased salaries. - - "
Clark wras at Duke Law School for a conclave of Phi
Alpha Delta law fraternity members from 13 schools.
UNC's Thomas Ruff in chapter was host for' the event.
"The Constitution was not written in a vacuum and
it was not intended to remain
in one," Clark said.
He was responding to a ques
tion about Supreme Court de-j
cisions which have changed the;
"traditional laws" of the nation.!
Clark said the Constitution
was written "by the framers!
in general terms" so it could
be adapted to fit the needs of
the nation at anytime.
The 16-year member of the
court said that since he had
been on the court that only two
cases might possibly fall in this
"traditional" area the school i
desegregation decision in 1954
and denial admittance to courts
of evidence taken forcefully by
Clark talked briefly of his
vote against the one-man one
He compared the system to
the federal government and
said it did seem fair to him
"that both houses" should be
apportioned on a population ba
sis. Clark, the first Texan appoint-
prf tn the court, welcomed new
PAT -members in a brief speech
Last night he spoke to mem
bers at a dinner in Durham.
.am Dignity9 Victory
WASHINGTON (AP) Pres
ident Johnson promised today to
use "all the resources of t hi s
great and powerful government"
even federal troops, if neces
sary to achieve victory in
what he termed the Civil Rights
" battle of human dignity."
The President also announced
he will send to Congress on
Monday a special message pro
posing legislation which he said
would strike down all "dis
criminatory restrictions used to
deny people the right to vote."
" Johnson voiced his pledge to
achieve Civil Rights victory in
an open statement to a chil
ly rose garden news conference
which, almost at the last min
ute, was opened to live televi
sion cameras and radio micro
phones. , -
The President, who had wound
up a ZY - hour conference with
Alabama Gov. George C. Wal
lace shortly before, expressed
support for peaceful demonstra
tions in Selma, Ala., and in
fact, on the street in front of the
White House by people who
feel voting rights are being de
nied. Civil Rights pickets chanted
"Governor Wallace must go"
outside the White House while
Wallace and President Johnson
conferred inside on the tense ra
cial situation in Selma.
-Wallace slipped into the
White House unobtrusively and
the pickets apparently were un
aware of his arrival. -
But the several hundred dem
onstrators soon learned of it and
set up their anti - Wallace
The chief executive began his
press conference by terming
this a time of "very deep and
painful challenge to the unend
ing search for American free
. He said that before the chal
lenge is ended, "every resource
of this government will be di
rected to insuring justice for all
men of all races, in Alabama
and everywhere in this land."
Asked if he had alerted feder
al troops for possible peace
keeping duty in Alabama, he
said he knew that FBI agents,
federal marshals and Army
units all were ready to carry
out any order he might find nec
essary to issue.
, Johnson said that last Sunday
Alabama Negroes tried to make
a peaceful protest for their right
"They were attacked and bru
tally beaten," he said.
The President said the govern
ment had tried to protect the
Negroes' constitutional rights
wherever they were violated.
He said more than 70 U. S. of
ficials were in Selma to en
force the law.
"At all times the force of the
United States has been available,
to protect the peace of the citi
zens of Selma," he said. .
Johnson referred to the con
stitutional amendment 95 years
ago designed to assure voting
rights to all,- but said now
many Americans are denied the
right to vote because they are
A new breed of students
is leading revolts in col
leges and university,
throughout the nationl. See
a special Associated Press
report, page 7.
A group of women from
Columbia College journey
to UNC to use library fa
cilities. See reporter, photo
grapher Jock Lauterer's
story on this page. .
Keep abreast of campus
events. See Campus Cal
endar, page 7.
See page, 3 for a wrapup
of national and world news.
Miss anything on campus
last week? Catch up on
campus news with the
Week's News in Review,
page 6. : .
: , Rick j. Forum, lakes first
in 200-yard breaststroke in
Eastern Seaboard Swim
ming Championships at
-Yale. See story on page 8
Johnson said he will send to
Congress Monday a bill to
strike down all restrictions used
to deny the right to vote. He
said it would set up simple
standards for voting. If citizens
are denied the right to vote, he
said they will be registered by
This iwas in line with efforts .
of Republicans and Democrats
in Congress to work out legisla
tion which would supersede
state laws used to discriminate
It is wrong to deny Americans
their right to vote, Johnson said,
adding it is wrong to deny any
person full equality because of "
the color of his skin.
Nor shall the voter be judged
by his religion, where he was -born,
or his neighborhood, John
son went on. : -
Johnson said the final answer
to the problem of voting rights ;
will not be found in armed con
frontation but in the process of
In Durham, hundreds marched
from the campus of North Caro
lina College to the Durham
Post Office Saturday to mourn
the death of a white minister fa
tally beaten in Selma, Ala.
Chief of Police W. W. Pleas- -ants
said his men counted 629 r.f
persons in . the peaceful, inte- -grated
march conducted in mem- :
ory of Rev. James J. Reeb, 38,
a Unitarian minister from Bos
ton. One of the leaders of the
march was Floyd McKissick, a .
Durham Negro lawyer who is a
national chairman of the Con- -gress
of Racial Equality
(CORE). Members of CORE,
the Southern Christian Leader
ship Conference, and other civil
rights groups took part.
The marchers remained on the "
sidewalks and said prayers at
the Post Office.
The Rev. Mr. Reeb died in a
Birmingham hospital Thursday -.
night. He and two other white
' ministers were beaten by white .
,.men Tuesday night. Reeb suf
fered a fractured skull.
The ministers were in Selma
to aid the civil rights move-
For Eight S. C. Coeds
It's A Long
Story, And Picture
By JOCK LAUTERER
The University library is serving this week
end as host to eight "gypsies."
They are eight coeds from Columbia Col
lege, Columbia, S. C, and they call them
selves the "Gypsy Scholars."
The coeds are doing research in preparation
for theses they will write gef ore they leave next
month for Europe. They must come here be
cause the building housing the CC English
Department burned down about a year ago
and many valuable books were lost.
"This University is the only one around which
will let us come to use the library," said Julie
Blakeley, Andrews, S. C, junior. The University
of South Carolina is in Columbia.
"Everyone has been so nice to us, I can't
believe it," said Sandy Cooper, Waynesville
junior, "and the way we tromped through the
She is doing research on "Eelements of Sun
God Worship in English Literature."
To The Library
v V - X x
The eight and 13 other coeds will leave for
Europe April 12 to do field work in the chos
en topics. v
"We're sort of like trail-blazers," Miss Blake
ly said. "This is the first time this topic has
ever been tried at CC.
We all pick a topic never done before.
While in England I'm going to try to deter
mine if location had anything to do with the
writings of Milton."
The coeds will get six hours credit for the
"After we return on May 27 we will have
six months to draw a conclusion about our
-. studies. The whole purpose of the trip is to
let us think for oursleves and not take for
granted what, we find in cook books," said
The group will visit England, Denmark, Hol
land, -Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy and