Mittens and mufflers
It will be clear and
windy today with a high
of 25 and a 10 per cent
precipitation. The low
last night was about 7.
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 76
by Tony Gunn
The UNC Board of Governors voted
Friday that officials of the consolidated
university administration disclose their
finances in compliance with Gov. Jim Hunt's
effort to eliminate conflicts of interest
involving state policy-making personnel.
Those included in the ruling will be
required to file annual statements of
economic interest so it can be determined if
actual or potential conflicts of interest exist.
The order will probably affect 75 to 1 00
officials, including general administrators in
UNC President William C. Friday's office to
the level of senior assistant vice president,
chancellors and vice chancellors at the 16
University institutions. The faculty will not
This policy was announed in the Executive
Ethics Order,, issued by Gov. Hunt Jan. 10.
The order, Hunt's first act as governor,
creates a Board of Ethics consisting of five
members responsible for reviewing
statements of economic interest.
Gov. Hunt's order covered about 200
officials in the executive branch, but he
invited other . state offices specifically
mentioning the Board of Governors, to join
in the effort to eliminate such conflicts.
"1 recommend to you," UNC President
William C. Friday told the board, "that we
respond affirmatively to this invitation and
notify the governor and the Board of Ethics
that we intend to comply."
The order prohibits those covered from
engaging in activities in conflict with their
official duties. Such persons cannot solicit
gifts for themselves under any
In the statements of economic interest, an
individual must list all sources of income and
all assets and liabilities valued at $1,000 or
more, indicating which are valued at more
The statements will be made available for
public inspection, Friday said.
J. Dickson Phillips, a former dean of the
UNC School of Law, will head the Board of
Ethics:r' -r--- ";y'-'r
The board also authorized $775,000 for a
computerized energy management system at
Chapel Hill. According to Hugh Cannon,
chairperson of the board's Committee on
Budget and Finance, a computer will
monitor the temperature in dormitories and
academic buildings on campus and make
necessary adjustments, resulting in
substantial savings of energy.
Of the money appropriated for the
project, $135,000 will come from
unrestricted dormitory reserve, and
$640,000 will come from accumulated net
The project, it is estimated, will cut energy
10 to 20 per cent. Due to the savings, Cannon
said, the money should be recovered in one
year in the dormitories and in 2.7 years in the
The system is expected to be installed
within a year to 18 months. If successful, the
system will be installed later in the health and
In other action, the board granted money
for the following renovations at Chapel Hill:
Waste Water Research Center, School
of Public Health, $90,000.
Animal Facility, Dental Research
Department of Environmental Science
and Engineering Laboratories, School of
Public Health, $99,675.
Department of Nutrition Laboratories,
School of Public Health, $66,997.
Aircraft Hanger, Horace Williams
Administrative Office, School of
Business Administration, $27,500.
Gilmore gets his wish;
execution set for 9:49
SALT LAKE CITY (UPI The U.S. Supreme Court rejected a last-minute blitz by
opponents of the death penalty Sunday and ruled Gary Gilmore may die as he wishes before a
firing squad at sunrise today.
"I think we are going to see the spilling of blood tomorrow at sunrise," said attorney
Gilbert Athay, who wrote the appeal which was carried unsuccessfully to three high court
justices by the American Civil Liberties Union.
Justice Byron White first rejected the appeal filed on behalf of two other men on Utah's
death row. He said he had polled the court and spoke for the majority
The ACLU then went to Justice Thurgood Marshall and was told he was not available.
Marshall and William J. Brennan Jr. are the only two justices who voted in July to ban all
capital punishment as unconstitutional.
Lawyers next carried the appeal to Justie Harry Blackmun, who also declined to stay the
. Tired, exasperated and angry, ACLU attorneys in Utah worked feverishly into the night
drawing up one last-gasp legal effort to halt the firing squad but declined to discuss it.
Their uphill battle was made the more difficult by the basic problem of obtaining legal
standing in the case.
If they fail, the 36-year-old killer will be shot to death by five anonymous riflemen as the
sun rises today becoming the first person executed in the United States in a decade.
Gilmore met Sunday with his lawyers and family members to say his last goodbyes.
Otherwise, he spent a quiet, contemplative day on death row, with two guards watching his
every move. Prison officials said he was "thinking a lot."
Opponents of the death penalty said they would make one final legal effort to halt the
"We're making one last stand here, one last-ditch effort," said Shirley I'edler, executive
director of the Utah ACLU. "But I'm not at liberty to say what it L."
During the University-sponsored trip to Russia last spring,
Martha Shevens shot this scene of vendors on a Moscow
UNC student gets a first-hand look at Russia
by Harriet Sugar
Editor's note; Harriet Sugar traveled
to the Soviet Union in May 1976 with a
UNC group headed by Russian History
Prof. E. Willis Brooks.
A similar tour is offered from May 24
to June 28. Dr. David MacKenzie oj
UNC-Greensboro will escort the group.
The trip will cost $1,450, all expenses
exclusive of independent travel. If
interested, contact Dr. MacKenzie at
(919) 379-5709 (office) or 275-1229
(home) or attend a meeting at 7 p.m.
Monday, Jan. 17, in Room 213 of the
Carolina Union, . - t
Tne aSdlence sat quietly in the movie
theater like docile students yielding to
the professor's authority. They seldom
responded to the film's depiction of
Flash: Haggard Chinese peasants
hand-picking rice from mud paddies.
Flash: Fancy machines reaping grain
from Soviet farms. Flash: Chinese
peasants, millions cheering on
Chairman Mao. Flash: Adolph Hitler
fervently saluted by faithful mobs.
As Americans in Russia, and in a
Russian movie theater for the first time,
we saw these splices of film in their
greater context of Soviet life merely
more of a persuasive Madison Avenue
campaign manufactured by the Soviet
regime. Lenin decks the billboards of
Moscow. "Football" (soccer),
swimming, other sports photos serve as
reminders of the importance of physical
fitness as they line city streets. And
pictures of workers appear daily on the
front page of Pravda one day posed in
factories, the next on farms.
Repression in the Soviet seventies, of
course, is less blatant than in the
Stalinist era, as social conditioning has
largely replaced fear-inducing
techniques. Because of the inevitable
exposure to Western culture, Soviet
authority has altered its attempts to
suppress other value systems with
means to degrade them.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Monday, January 17, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Still, dissenters are few. Most of those
in Brezhnev's Russia seem to accept
their lifestyle, for along with the control
and conformity comes order and
stability and most essentially, survival.
Obedience brings benefits: with the state
holding the purse strings, it can
determine whether the car you ordered
comes soon or in several years or
whether the contir?ntal trip comes
through at all. And these privileges to
Russians are well worth the costs.
We entered the theater late and were
escorted by the ticket taker to the only
empty seats? Avooderr pews in the back
row. When the first film ended, much of
the audience emptied and newcomers
carefully filed in. Little did we know that
tickets were numbered, seats
designated; we found out when two men
sat in our laps.
The acceptance of this regimentation,
of the inability to sit, walk, go where and
say what you pleased, is much like the
response of vulnerable American
consumers guided by glib commercials
by Karen Millers
Tal Lassiter entered the race for Student
Body President Sunday, basing his
campaign on the assumption that UNC
should function as a democratic system.
"Students are in the majority. If it takes
peaceful protests to change things (in their
favor), that's what, will be done," said
Lassiter, a junior English major from
Lassiter is speaker of the Campus
Governing Council (CGC) and vice t
president of the Student Body. He has served
on every committee of the CGC in the past
two years and has also been a member of the'
UNC Media Board for two years.
Lassiter said his campaign and
administration will be characterized by
action rather than unfulfilled promises. He
predicted that a central issue in the Feb. 9
race will be credibility.
"Two years ago Student Government
(SG) worked to the students' detriment, and
last year it was a tie. This year we will do
some things," he said.
One thing Lassiter said he will do is move
the Student Body president's office out of
Suite C and give those rooms to some other
"I'll take something like a closet, with just
enough room for a desk and a typewriter," he
said. His motive for doing this, he said, is to
make the president an average student,
rather than a student in an "imperial
"What we have now is not Student
Government, but student bureaucracy."
Lassiter said. He claimed he will be available
in the Pit or the Union daily to meet with
In his campaign, too, Lassiter said he
intends to emphasize grassroots
participation. "I'm going to talk to every
person on this campus individually and as
f$ CS a La
ft. .VSSv Silk' Mf.?fi is v
Photo- by Martha Stevens
to the marketplace. Action is automatic,
reinforced in Russia through notions of
Our visit to a Russian kindergarten
gave us a telling example of this
socialization. Rooms were impeccable,
toys neatly arranged, few traces of a
human's (not to mention child's) touch.
The shining wooden chairs, our
American leader suspected, were
polished for the first time only a few
hours before. Certain schools in Russia,
we were told, are each visited once a year
by foreign tour gourps like us; and it
seemed as if this school had spent half
the year preparing. Behaved five-year-olds,
for examples greeted us-with
delightful dance and song (including
tunes like "Our Lenin" and "Our
"How do you do it? How do you
discipline your kids?" asked one
American, feeling it normal for young
children to step out of line.
"Discipline!" retorted our Russian
tour guide. "That's not a problem. If a
student misbehaves, all you must do is
call on him and tell him that you're here
off campus as I can,"
A priority in Lassiter's platform will be
academic reform. He said he will work
toward having a six- or seven-week drop
period, reinstituting reading days before
finals and adding them before mid-terms,
allowing students four withdrawals and four
incompletes that will not show on their
records, making final exams optional to
professors, allowing exemptions from exams
for students with As and for seniors with As
or Bs and expanding a course evaluation to
the graduate schools.
Lassiter noted that he cannot promise
such changes but will work toward them. He
said although he will lobby for beer sales on
campus he cannot promise that either, since
the state legislature must change the law.
Another key idea in Lassiter's platform is
his vow to be an outspoken student
representative on the Board of Trustees. "I'll
probably be known as the gadfly of the
Board of Trustees," Lassiter said.
H is other proposals include recognition of
an outstanding professor and graduate
student in each department, a human
relations colloquium and a faculty speech
Please turn to page 2
by Vernon Mays
Campus reaction continues to be mixed,
regarding a Jan. 5 federal court decision
which did away with two sections of the
UNC Student Constitution requiring
specific racial quotas for representation on
the Campus Governing Council (CGC) and
One section outlawed by the 4th Circut
Court of Appeals guaranteed that at least
two students of a minority race, two males
and two females would be CGC
The other section, included in the
Instrument of Student Judicial Governance,
gave minority students the option of
requesting a jury composed predominately
of minority jurors.
The court found these practices to be in
conflict with the Fourteenth Amendment,
the Civil Rights Act of 1871 and the Civil
Rights Act of 1964.
In addition, the court upheld funding of
the Black Student Movement (BSM) with
to teach and he's here to learn."
Within this hedged remark came an
answer however. In Russia, control is
enforced by causing embarrassment or
fear of deviating from Soviet notions of
right and wrong.
The pervasive acceptance of authority
makes Russian society nearly
inscrutable, lntourist guides,
deceptively efficient, ensure select
exposure as they lead tourists by the
hand. With one guide for the entire trip
and an additional one in each city, we
were party to a masterful show-and-tell
rmance wherever .we went.
in -spite of what some of your
newspapers say sometimes, our country
stands for peace all over the world. The
great suffering we underwent dflring the
war makes us a peace-loving people."
And. . . "We are not professional
Every guide in every city uttered such
statements, with variations only in
Please turn to pae 6
by Karen Millers
Stressing the need for active recruitment
of student participation in Student
Government, Bill Moss announced his
candidacy Sunday for the office of Student
Moss, a junior American Studies major
from Youngsville, is a former member and
chairperson of the UNC Media Board.
Moss said the involvement of a great
number of students is essential to an effective
Student Government (SG). He plans to hold
open interviews and actively recruit students
for positions on various committees,
including the Chancellor's Committees
(special administrative groups dealing with
food, transportation, housing, etc.)
"I see Student Government sometimes
forgetting its mission," Moss said,
commenting that the present administration
has tended to touch a limited number of
students. "I'm hoping it (SG) will affect a
maximum number of people, directly or
indirectly," he said. .
Moss said his lack of direct involvement in
SG in the past will be advantageous. He said
that by being on the media board he has
worked closely with the Campus Governing
Council (CGC) and the executive branch
and yet has not been molded into their
"I'm from the outside," he said, borrowing
a winning premise from Jimmy Carter's
In addition to active recruitment, Moss's
platform includes a plan to develop a course
evaluation of undergraduate departments.
Through interviews with graduates and
present students, SG will determine the
strengths and weaknesses of each
department in order to aid undergraduates
Local school for
The Orange County
works with retarded
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Please call us: 933-0245
mandatory student fees.
No representative of the BSM could be
reached for comment.
Susan Ehringhaus, assistant to the
chancellor, commented last week that
University appeal of the decision remains a
Student Atty. Gen. Chuck Lovelace,
though, said Sunday that he would not like
to see the University appeal the ruling
concerning the Undergraduate Court panel's
Any defendant has the right to request
racial or sexual representation on the trial
court," Lovelace said.
"The right to request racial representation
is not limited to minority students," he said.
Lovelace said he supports the court's
ruling because other sections of the
Instrument of Student Judicial Governance
are adequate safeguards against racial or
sexual discrimination in student trials.
Lovelace cited three such safeguards;
all Undergraduate Court members are
interviewed by a five-member panel,
appointed by the student body president,
and confirmed by the CGC
a defendant has the right to challenge
any court member if he feels the court
member cannot render a fair and impartial
racial or sexual discrimination violates
the defendant's right to a fair trial, and such a
violation is grounds for appeal.
"The right to request racial or sexual
representation presupposes that the court
members are racially or sexually biased,"
Lovelace said. "Given the quality of present
court members, I don't think this is a fair
assumption by any means."
Dean of Student Affairs Donald A.
Boulton said Sunday, "I don't see what the
decision will change."
Boulton said the decision affecting the
choice of jurors will not involve any major
policy change because, in effect, we are
moving that way anyway.
He said achieving unbiased juries for
student trials is "the wholejob i of educaiton,
not impbsetHuotas."...;.,, .
"The crucial thing is to see that enough
blacks and whites are in the pool from which
prospective jurors are picked," Boulton said.
Andromeda Monroe, former student
attorney general, said her reaciton to the
court's decision depended upon how recent
the policies ruled upon were.
Since 1975, Monroe said, both blacks and
whites have had the option to choose a
majority or minority court not the case
when the suit was filed in 1974.
in deciding their majors and provide
guidelines for departments in improving
their responsiveness to student needs. .
Moss said that the cost for such a project
may call for a student fee increase. He also
said he plans to actively solicit outside funds
to supplement CGC revenues.
Moss said he will support a student
oriented bus system serving Chapel Hill and
Carrboro. His administration would more
actively support the Graduate and
Professional Student Federation.
Concerning academic reform, Moss said
he will work for a ten-week drop period, the
abolishment of incompletes recorded as Ps,
printing of exam schedules before
preregistration and more student input in
Faculty Council decisions. Moss said he
cannot call for a four-course load, but he
does support it.
Moss's platform proposes the closed
circuit broadcast of home basketball games
in Memorial Hall. He admitted there would
be economic problems in instituting this, but
said he felt it could be done.
Moss said he would put a very high
priority on his role as student representative
on the Board of Trustees. "Representation is
the most important thing a president does,"
Please turn to page 2