It will be fair on
Wednesday with a high
in the low to mid 60s.
Today will be partly
cloudy with a high in
the low to mid 60s; the
low tonight will be in
the mid 30s.
Today, many husbands
are putting their wives
schools rather than the
other way around. See
page 5 for story.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, March 22, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
II III XII I I
j I 111 I i i
volume no. 84. issue no. lib
jj ijjjj ' "
Democratic majority renders two-party system useless in N.C.
By TAD BOGGS
November 1972. For North Carolina Republicans, it is the best
of times. "
President Richard M. Nixon's landslide reelection guarantees
four more Republican years in the White House.
On his coattails, an arch-conservative television commentator
named Jesse Helms rides into the U.S. Senate. A country lawyer
named Jim Holshouser is elected as North Carolina's first
Republican governor in this century.
In the N.C. General Assembly, 50 Republican representatives are
seated. The two-party system, long a hollow phrase rather than a
reality in Southern politics, seems alive and well in North Carolina.
November 1976. The revival is short-lived. Jimmy Carter puts
the Democrats back in the White House. Jim Hunt does the same in
the Governor's Mansion.
In the legislature, 10 Republicans are seated. The Democrats
Where have all the Republicans gone? Whence the two-party
The two-party system is in lousy shape in North Carolina," says
Rep. Marilyn Bissell, R-Mecklenburg, who along with Sen.
Carolyn Mathis, R-Mecklenburg-Cabarrus, serves the double
distinction of being both female and Republican in a male-Democrat-dominated
legislature. "In fact, it's not even operational.
There's very little that can be done by Republicans in the legislature
on a partisan basis."
In a democratic process where majority rule ana minority ngnts
are of equal importance, the lack of a functional two-party system
may spell trouble. Both Bissell and Mathis are aware of their party's
dilemma, and both say that change is needed for the legislature to
respond to the needs of all North Carolinians.
"Currently, 6 per cent of the members of this legislature are
Republicans, and the result is that we aren't even a viable minority,"
Mathis says. "About 18 per cent of the registered voters in North
Carolina are Republicans, so we aren't representative of the general
BisselFs Republican colleagues in the House include Harold J.
.Brubaker (Randolph County); Fred R. Dorsey (Henderson); J.
Reid Poovey (Catawba); S. Thomas Rhodes (New Hanover); and
Roy Spoon (Mecklenburg).
Republicans seated in the Senate are Mathis; T. Cass Ballenger.
(Catawba); Donald R. Kincaid (Caldwell); and Robert V. Somers
Mathis, 34, is serving her first term in the Senate. A graduate of
UNC, she earned her masters in special education in Chapel Hill
and is employed as an educational disabilities teacher at J. Mason
Smith Jr. High School.
Mathis and Bissell agree that action must be taken to restore the
two-party system, but their strategies differ.
"In my opinion, it's time to do away with the Republican party in
North Carolina," Mathis says. "It's the best thing we can do
considering the prejudice against Republican candidates prevalent
in the state."
Mathis served two terms as a representative in the General
Assembly, first elected in 1972 and reelected in 1974. She is married
and has one daughter, Bentley.
Jesse Helms dreams of making the Republican party a haven for
conservatives in the state, but Mathis believes that such a move
would be ill-advised.
"There is no conservative basis to the Republican party in North
Carolina," Mathis says. "In fact, there exists a whole range of
ideology in both parties."
"I'd like to see a party formed that would appeal to the state's
moderate, progressive constituency. This party would keep the
Republican ideology of fiscal responsibility and. local government
" grew up in Eastern North
Carolina, and I know that many
Democrats there would vote a
yellow dog into office before they'd
vote for a Republican.
State Senator Carolyn Mathis
Mathis cites "yellow-dog Democrats" as proof of the difficulty
faced by Republican candidates in order to obtain votes in the state.
"I grew up in Eastern North Carolina, and I know that many
Democrats there would vote a yellow dog into office before they'd
vote for a Republican."
RUin also, was elected to the House in 1972. She is less
pessimistic about chances for a Republican comeback in the state,
noting the need to rebuild the party "with hard work from the
ground up." v
Republican strength was sufficient in 1972 to hold a balance of
power when Democrats in the legislature split along ideological
lines. Since that time, the party has fallen victim to the same pitfalls
experienced by the national Republican organization in the wake of
Bissell, a graduate of Grove City (Pa.) College, is married and the
mother . of three: Karen, a graduate of Wake Forest University;
Kathy, a freshman at Wake Forest; and Leslie, a lOth-grader. She
feels the pendulum of public support will swing toward the GOP
soon. J , ' .
"U nfortunately, the average voter doesn t read the newspaper for
his political education," Bissell says. "He gets his information from
the television news, which deals only with the headlines. He doesn't
look at platforms and candidates in depth. .Lots of Southerners
voted for Carter just because they wanted to see one of their kind in
the White House."
Jim Hunt's runaway gubernatorial victory also hurt other
Republican candidates, Bissell says. "There was no way that Jim
Hunt was going to lose the governor's race. He'd been running for
the job since he was in high school, and the scope of his support was
tremendous." . ' .
Bissell cites the activity of the Women's Political Caucus in
Charlotte as crucial to her stay in Raleigh. Five of Mecklenburg
County's 12-member delegation to the legislature are women.
Please turn to page 5.
on human rights
advocated by Fraser
By MERTON VANCE
U.S. relations with the Soviet Union
probably will be affected in the short
term by the Carter administration's
commitment to human rights in foreign
policies, but the United States should
maintain a strong will in . pursuing
human rights, according to Rep.
Donald Fraser, D-Minn., who spoke at
Staff photo by Bruce Clarke
UNC Monday night as part of the
International Affairs Colloquium.
"It would be disastrous for the United
States to back down. That would totally
f destroy our credibility," Fraser said.
He said that if the United States
continues its commitment to human
rights in foreign policies it will set an
example for the world, and the Soviet
Union will recognize this.
"They will come to accept that as the
way the United States acts," he said.
Fraser said that the United States has
not specifically linked human-rights
issues with other issues, such as arms
and trade negotiations, but the Soviets
have linked the human-rights debate
with other negotiations between the two
Because of this, Fraser said the
United States can expect the Soviets to
respond as they have by telling the
United States to mind its own business
and not try to interfere with the internal
affairs of other countries.
Despite the Soviet response, Fraser,
thinks the United States should keep up
its pressure for recognition of human
He said the United States already has
been doing this for years with Radio
Free Europe and Voice of America
broadcasts to the Soviet Union. Those
broadcasts have aired the grievances of
Soviet dissidents, and the Soviet Union
tried for years to get the U nited States to
halt the broadcasts.
Despite their opposition, the Soviets
are still interested in negotiations for
arms control, economics and other
topics, Fraser said.
Fraser is a member of the House
Committee on International Affairs and
chairman of the international
He has pushed Congressional actions
on human rights in international affairs
and was active in getting Congress to
pass legislation allowing Congress to cut
off military aid to any country known to
consistently commit violations of
human rights through the use of torture,
detainment without trial and other
violations of international standards of
, -J J" i Jin ttiJikH-- vn
Staff photo by Rouse Wilson
The Bread and Puppet Theatre will conduct workshops in drama, puppetry and
music every day through March 26 and will lead a parade down Franklin Street
Wednesday afternoon. For information, check the information table in the Carolina
Union or talk to Fine Arts Festival Committee members in Suite C of the Union.
MOWCOW (UPI) Soviet leader Leonid
Brezhnev denounced U.S. appeals for
human rights Monday in a fist-pounding
speech warning the Carter administration
that its comments on Kremlin affairs will
have an "unthinkable" effect on detente.
In his toughest speech since the pre
detente era of the Vietnam War, Brezhnev
said he will not accept "Washington's claims
to teach others how to live," and vowed the
Soviet Union will continue its crackdown
Brezhnev also offered a new Soviet
position on the Middle East a peace plan
calling for Israel's withdrawal in stages,
rather than immediately, from occupied
Arab territories and establishment of an
internationally guaranteed demilitarized
"We will not tolerate interference in our internal
affairs by anyone and under any pretext," the
Communist party general secretary told more
than 5,000 cheering delegates to a congress of
Soviet national trade unions.
"A normal development of relations on
such a basis is unthinkable," Brezhnev said,
thumping the podium for emphasis.
Brezhnev noted Secretary of State Cyrus
Vance will visit Moscow next week on a trip
primarily aimed at securing a new strategic
arms limitation agreement.
"We will see what he will bring with him,"
he said. "Everybody, of course, realizes the
importance of how Soviet-American
relations will develop further.
"We would like these relations to be good
neighborly ones. But this requires a definite
level of mutual understanding and at least a
minimum of mutual tact."
Western diplomats said the speech was the
toughests and most definitive Kremlin policy
statement yet on the human rights issue.
Brezhnev said "big objective possibilities
for further developing equal and mutually
advantageous cooperation" between
continues to hinder h
By ANN PAYLOR
"We haven't been able to use the showers on our
hall since the middle of September, and they
haven't even started to fix them," said Spencer
resident Mary Mercer.
"Why didn't housing complete the upgrading of
Graham and Stacy before school started last fall?"
asked Tony Nitz. "I live in Stacy, and we're paying
the same room rent that girls in the most elaborate
women's dorms are paying, yet we don't have all
the conveniences that were promised us."
"When the freshmen arrived at Graham last fall
none of the rooms had door frames or doors, and
there were' cinder blocks out in the halls,"
complained Graham resident Jeff Caddell.
Gripes about University housing are fairly
common among dorm dwellers, ranging from
complaints about burned out light bulbs and rats
in rooms to ceilings falling in.
Establishing priorities for repairs is an awesome
task for the department and it begins each fall
when residence directors list their priorities for
improvements. These requests then are worked
into the annual budget.
The general plan is to upgrade all dorms,
according to Housing Operations Director
Russell N. Perry. "There are certain things we
know we'Jl have to do every year, and we try to
foresee as many repairs as we can," Perry said.
"For example, two years, ago we finished rewiring
all of the old buildings. That was part of a five
year plan. We're working now to replace all of the
locks on North Campus. South Campus locks will
be replaced next year."
Scheduling repairs allows for the best
expenditure of money, Perry said. But he said
emergencies crop up every year, and when that
happens, "other projects sometimes just get wiped
out." Some contingency money is available to
meet emergencies, but Perry said it is impossible
to plan how much may be needed to finance crises.
One of the most frequently heard complaints
concerns the length of time involved before major
repairs are made. "Major projects involve a long
bureaucratic process, and there seems to be no
way to bypass all of the red tape," said Martha
Kossoff, residence director for Spencer, Women's
Triad and Whitehead.
Daily repairs are done by the housing
department's own maintenance staff, but bids are
submitted by various companies for special
projects, and contracts are awarded for the work
to be done. This procedure can be time
consuming. 'The age of the buildings on North Campus is a
serious factor in considering the time and money,
involved in repairs," said Kossoff, who is in charge
" of five such dorms. "They're all going downhill at
once. This creates a further problem, in that it is
difficult to justify embellishing one dorm when
roofs are falling in on other buildings."
Bad weather can postpone outdoor work such
as painting and roofing, Perry explained. Another
source of delay in completing projects is that
materials often do not arrive on time.
Many supplies must be purchased through state
contract, which Perry described as a
"cumbersome, but overall satisfactory, system."
State contract guarantees the price of an item will
not change over the course of a year. Perry said
this stability makes planning easier, but being
required to buy on state contract has
disadvantages, such as preventing the department
from taking advantage of sales and slowing the
reception of materials.
According to the department's physical
facilities improvements list, students can expect to
see painting, roof repairs and replacement of
exterior doors on some of the older dorms within
the next few months. Other repairs on the list,
such as painting the James library, already have
Don Personette, Mangum resident assistant
(RA), said he feels small repairs have been
handled more smoothly recently. Usually, when a
maintenance request is turned in, the repair is
completed in less than three days. But, "the guys
have a tendency to let things go unless it is
something that really affects them " Personnette
said. "A lot of students don't realize how easy it is
to fill out a request form."
Kathy Tilley, an RA in James, agrees that most
small repairs are done either the day they are
reported or the next day.
Everett President Bob Brueckner said he feels
the lack of knowledge on the part of residents
accounts for a delay in some repairs. "Most guys
don't even know about the repairs procedure,"
Most students will admit that they can be a little
rough on dorm facilities at times. "Vandalism is
definitely a problem, especially on weekends,"
Personette explained. "The guys are messy, and
they don't really take good care of the dorm. If
nobody gets caught when something is torn up,
nobody is charged for the damage. People usually
don't get caught, either."
Please turn to page 2.
A slice of the pie. . .
Money is a major factor in determining how
much can be done in the way of repairs each year.
University housing, an auxiliary of the
University, receives no state funds. Room rents
account for the total housing budget, estimated
by the department to be $3, 176,55 1 for the 1976
77 fiscal year. A pie chart prepared by the
department to indicate distribution of this
money by percentages appears on page 2. A
Moscow and Washington have been affected
by a "certain state of stagnation."
'The American side explained it at first by
the election campaign in the United States,
but the first two months of the new
administration's stay in power in
Washington do not seem to show a striving
to overcome this stagnation," he said.
Brezhnev accused Moscow's opponents of
inventing "the semblance of internal
opposition" in socialistxountries, asserting
that in reality none cxistsr "
By CHARLENE HAVNAER
Two pieces of legislation which would give
more power to the state executive branch are
being pushed by Gov. James B. Hunt, Jr. for
introduction into the N.C. General
Assembly this month.
Hunt has proposed a bill which would
amend the state constitution to allow a
governor to run for two consecutive terms
and another which would amend the
constitution to give the governor veto power.
North Carolina is one of eight states which
does not allow a governor to succeed himself
and the only state in which the governor does
not have the power to veto legislation.
Allowing a governor to succeed himself
would give him more power to secure federal
project grants by giving the federal
government more time to become
acquainted with him, Hunt's deputy press
secretary Stephanie Bass said Monday.
It also would give the governor more
control over state programs by giving him
more time to plan and carry through
projects, Bass said.
Hunt has not said when the bills will be
. introduced into the legislature or who will
introduce them. The deadline for
introducing bills to be considered this
session is April 1.
If the General Assembly approves the
proposals, the amendments must be
approved by the state's senators in statewide
Rep. Daniel Hall, D-Burlington,
introduced a similar measure into the House
last week which would let the state's voters
decide the succession issue. A separate vote
would decide whether Hunt will be allowed
to run for reelection under Hall's plan.
Bass responded, The Governor wants
veto power and succession for North
Carolina and not for himself. He would be in
favor of them however they are passed."
Sen. William Smith, D-Wilmington, said
Monday he doubts the General Assembly
will allow Hunt to run for reelection. He said
the citizens of the state should have the right
to reelect their governor.
"Its not the governor's right or something
we should do for him, but it's the public's
right to reelect a governor," Smith said.
"Under the present constitution we could
have the greatest governor ever in North
Carolina and want to reelect him but could
Bass said that by granting the governor
veto power, one person could be held
accountable for government actions and not
the entire legislature.