The temperature will be
higher on Thursday
with no chance of rain.
Temperatures will be in
the middle to upper 50s
today with lows in the
Chapel Hill plays hit the
big time in New York
and Washington. For
these success stories
turn to page 4.
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 117
Tar Heels win,
fans have fun,
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, March 23, 1977, Chapel HIM, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
By MIKE WADE
When Tar Heel sports teams win big games, Larry L.
Trammel and company lose.
But he takes it with a smile.
Trammel, superintendent of the University grounds
department, will tell you that's a good attitude to have when
you're responsible for cleaning up all the toilet paper,
computer cards, confetti and beer cans that go along with a big
Trammel says the main problem victory celebrations cause
for the grounds department is additional litter. Normally, the
department has four employees working full time to pick up
litter on campus, and even without the added mess of a victory
celebration, it's a huge job. "In a normal day's run, it's all these
individuals can do," Trammel said.
But when students roll toilet paper into the trees after a big
win, a big job becomes bigger. In addition to four full-time
cleanup employees Trammel has to assign other department
people to help with litter pickup.
One of these is a professionaltreeclimber who carries a long
cane pole with him up into the taller trees to remove the paper.
After massive roll jobs like the one following Carolina's
victory over Notre Dame last week, the tree climber and a
helper on the ground work for almost eight days to clear the
When such a mess occurs, Trammel says some other
responsibilities of the department have to wait. "We just stop
work that we need to be doing," he says. Trammel adds that
cleaning up toilet paper is extremely time-consuming,
especially if it rains before his employees can get to it. In
addition to the tree climber, it takes 20 men working six hours
to cover the 650 acres of campus, he said.
Trammel takes a philosophical attitude about the cleanups.
He says that, being realistic, he probably would indulge in a
little toilet-paper throwing himself if he were a student and
didn't realize the extent of the problems it caused, although he
emphasized that he definitely doesn't want to encourage it.
Please turn to page 3.
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Computer cards blanket the sidewalk and rolls of toilet paper
cover the trees after the Carolina victory over Kentucky
Saturday. The mess means extra work for the grounds
department, says Larry Trammel, department superintendent.
WASHINGTON (UPI) President Carter sent Congress a
package of. election law reforms Tuesday that included instant voter
registration. ' taxpayer financing of congressional elections and
abolition of the Electoral College.
The cornerstone of the Carter package allows persons to show up
at polling places and vote in federal elections without prior
registration. A person would only have to meet constitutional
requirements of age and citizenship and have a driver's license or
other acceptable identification.
Backers said it would boost sagging voter participation in
elections, while critics charged it would mainly benefit Democrats
and encourage voter fraud, making it possible for individuals to vote
Vice President Walter Mondale said fraud will be discouraged
since the bill imposed fines of $10,000 and a 10-year jail term for such
Mondale, carrying out his first legislative assignment for the White
House, unveiled the package at a news conference where universal
registration was backed by a group of 12 congressional leaders
including House Speaker Thomas O'Neill, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy
and four liberal Republicans.
"The main objective of universal registration is to overcome the
disgrace and the scandal of the shockingly low voter participation in
elections." Mondale said.
Carter provided legislation only for universal registration. Bills
already under consideration are acceptable to the White House in the
other areas, he said.
The other proposals were:
A constitutional amendment abolishing the Electoral College
and providing for the direct election of the President. If Gerald Ford
had received about 10,000 more votes in Hawaii and Ohio, he would
have been elected, even though Carter was the popular winner by 2
Extension of public financing of elections to House and Senate
races starting in 1978. Carter left the specifics to Congress.
A number of revisions in the presidential campaign subsidies
law, including increasing the amount a candidate must first raise
himself to qualify for matching federal funds for primary races.
Liberalizing the present ban on federal government workers
participating in campaigns and running for office.
Carter proposed that the government spend $48 million every two
years to encourage states to adopt universal registration and to pay
for extra state costs of the program.
States would be required to provide instant voter registration in
federal elections but could maintain other standards for state and
Four states Minnesota Wisconsin, North Dakota and Maine
have similar laws, and rank among the top five in percentage of voter
Nearly 70 million eligible Americans failed to vote in 1976.
Mondale said studies show that the 53 per cent turnout could be
increased 10 to 15 per cent with universal registration.
Carolina Blue Day set
for pregame festivities
By WILL WILSON
To help chase away those "I didn't win a ticket" blues, the UNC
cheerleaders and marching bard are staging a pep rally Thursday
night at Granville Towers as the culmination of "Carolina Blue Day."
As the name implies, the cheerleaders would like Carolina students
to wear that famous shade of blue all during the day Thursday, then
join in a cross-campus parade from Carmichael Auditorium down
Raleigh Road and Franklin Street to Granville Towers in support of
the NCAA-semifinal-bound Tar Heel basketball team.
The parade is scheduled for 9 p.m., with the pep rally starting
around 10 p.m. Most members of the basketball team are expected to
be present and speak to the crowd, as they did at a similar event last
week attended by more than 1,000 students.
"Hopefully, this one will be larger than that one," Tar Heel
cheerleader Sharon Palsha said Tuesday. "We hope to have some
beer for the students, and we'll have a few special events that we
haven't decided upon yet."
The cheerleaders also are sponsoring a banner contest, to be
judged by the basketball players if they agree to it, Palsha said.
Banners should be displayed on the sides of either Granville East or
Granville West facing the pool area by 6 p.m. Thursday.
Would seat more than 25,000
N.C. legislature studying area sports arena
By JEFF COHEN
An eight-member subcommittee
appointed by the N.C. General Assembly
last year presently is studying the feasibility
of constructing a major sports facility in the
Research Triangle area.
According to Rep. Jack Gardner, D
Smithfield, reports studied by the
subcommittee indicate that an arena in the
vicinity would be an economically feasible
Gardner, cochairperson of the
subcommittee, said there is strong support
for the construction of a 25,000-28,000
complex that would be available to area
schools, including UNC. "Such a facility
could be used for soccer, basketball and
"If it is passed, I think the building would
be started in the 1980s " Gardner said. "We
talked with the athletic directors from Duke,
NCSU, ECU, UNC and the smaller schools,
and they are all in favor of it."
However, Assistant Athletic Director
Moyer Smith said Tuesday there is
opposition at UNC to the complex.
"1 am opposed to the idea, and I think Mr.
(William) Colby is also," Smith said. "We
think we ought to have a new, larger sports
facility on campus.
Colby, UNC athletic director, could not
be reached for comment Tuesday.
Smith explained that UNC is the only area
school that cannot accommodate its student
body adequately, adding that he opposed the
idea of a regional complex because UNC
officials hoped to build their own arena in
the near future.
"We would like to replace Carmichael
Auditorium in the next three years, but we
probably will not be able to by then," Smith
said. "But we hope to have something
underway in the next five years."
Smith said that a new basketball arena at
UNC probably would seat 16,000 people and
cost around $15 million.
He also said that the money would be
raised solely from private funds. "We would
solicit from the alumni," Smith said. "I think
we could get the entire amount from them. I
think they want it bad enough.
"I cannot see why the General Assembly
would be in favor of a larger arena. To pay
for itself, it would need something constantly
going on, and we don't intend to play many
The subcommittee is not scheduled to
present its report until late this spring.
Application to college expensive process these days
By DAVID SECHREST
Just as college tuition rates continue to rise, so does the
cost of applying. Application fees can be as much as $35. And
with admission tests and transcripts, the bill can total more
than $100, depending on the number of schools applied to.
The applications fee is $10 for each of the five UNC
schools undergraduate, graduate, law, medicine , and
This fee is average for a state-supported college. Fees
generally are higher at private schools.
Money for admission tests goes to national testing
services, but colleees keeD application fees. How much
money does UNC collect annually in application fees? Where
does it go?
For the 1976 spring, summer and fall semesters, the
University's five schools collected an estimated $295,000 in
application fees. Another $13,675 in forfeited deposits
pushed the total to more than $300,000.
The schools deposit the fees into separate accounts
maintained by the University Cashier. The Accounting
Office handles the money from there.
"Application fees go into the University's general funds,
along with all other fees collected," David M. Johnson,
accounting officer, says. In etlect, the tees reduce tne
appropriations required from the state."
State funds and money the University collects comprise
the operating budget of UNC. "The more hard cash taken in,
then the less that needs to come from the taxpayer," Johnson
He says he does not know how much the University
collects in application fees. But it is possible to estimate the
amount of such fees by adding the number of applications the
five schools received. Total applications for 1976 numbered
Please turn to page 3.
Students on pass-fail plan:
teachers have your names
By LESLIE SCISM
Teachers in the College of Arts and
Sciences were notified which students
took their courses pass-fail this semester,
but in the fall they will be notified only
upon request, arts and sciences Associate
Dean Frederick W.Vogler said Tuesday.
Notification to teachers was made
erroneously by the records and
registration office, according to Vogler.
The spring semester was the first time
pass-fail records were handled by the
records office, and policy was not made
clear in the switchover, he said.
Until this semester pass-fail records
were maintained by Vogler's office, and
the only notification teachers received
was. on a grade sheet sent the week before
"It was simply a matter of the records
office supposing that since part of the
form says 'teacher's copy' that they
should be sent to the teacher during the
semester," Vogler said.
But apparently there is no set policy, as
teachers in past semesters have
sometimes received notification and
other times not, according to Henry
Boren, secretary of the faculty.
The Faculty Council document
-authorizing pass-fail states that lists of
pass-fail selections for each instructor
concerned must be prepared, but does not
say when or if the lists must be sent to
"A list sentto a teacher at the end of the
semester would take care of it," Boren
The records and registration office will
handle pass-fail records for the College of
Arts and Sciences from now on. No
routine notification will be made to
teachers during the semester, but if a
teacher wants to know if a student is
registered pass-fail, he can check with the
records office, office Director Raymond
E. Strong said. The grade sheets sent to
teachers before exams will still contain
the pass-fail notation.
"If they (professors) want to know,
they can find out, but the burden's on
them," Vogler said. He encourages
professors to find out only when a student
is performing dismally, and he wants to
know is the student is trying to slide by or
is in trouble.
Individual schools, such as journalism
or business administration, set their own
pass-fail notification policies.
By DAN FESPERMAN
Editor's note: This is the first of a three-part
historical view of Chapel Hill during the last days of
the Confederacy. Today: the events leading up to the
Just as a wave of Yankee blue began lapping at the
outskirts of Chapel Hill, the boys in gray arrived.
It was about the only good news the townspeople
heard in that year of 1865. From the North had come
word of Lee's surrender in Virginia. From the south
had come the Yankee wave. It had crashed through
North Carolina, while the only remaining Confederate
army that of General Joe Johnston had steadily
crumbled like a sand castle in the tide, with desertion
proving as costly as Yankee bullets.
With all its dangers, North Carolina was still about
the safest place a Confederate could be, and President
Jefferson Davis and most of his cabinet members were
scattered across the state in hiding.
Chapel Hill was simply sighing with relief that the
Confederates had come to town. The war, though, had
finally caught up with the town, and in the next few
weeks it would bring fear, more shocking news and a
controversial courtship that would provoke a shower
of hatred on the University from all corners of the
MILITARY CONFLICT had seemed remote to
Chapel Hillians back in 1861 when Ft. Sumter was
fired upon in April.
Cries for war and secession were popular on
campus, and, although North Carolina would be the
last state in the Confederacy to secede from the Union,
one observer disdainfully called Chapel Hill a
"pestilential hotbed of slavocracy."
When men and boys of the state began leaving for
war, so did many UNC students and professors, and
Jumping on what they saw as a perfect excuse to get
out of work, the students called for a suspension of
The war would probably be short, they argued, and
they would be back to their books in time for the next
term if only the University would free them to aid in
the glorious victory they envisioned.
BUT THEY were not about to put forth such a
limited argument. If the war happened to be long,
remote though the chance was, they said that the
University would be too strained by the state's war
effort to continue instruction.
The. faculty took time to listen carefully to the
arguments before continuing classes.
The war would not directly affect the town until
1865, but the periodic arrival of students and
townspeople in pine caskets did a different sort of
Perhaps worst of all, though, was the decreasing
worth of Confederate money.
In the fall of 1 862, a Chapel H ill resident could buy a
pound of bacon for 33 cents, a pound of coffee for
$2.50 and a pound of sugar for 75 cents. By the fall of
1864, bacon cost $7.50, coffee was $40 and sugar was
WITH NEWS of costly losses at Gettysburg and
Vicksburg, the townspeople, along with the rest of the
South, began to worry. When Sherman began his
destructive sweep down through Georgia and up
through the Carolinas, the worry turned to alarm.
Cornelia Phillips Spencer, then a resident of Chapel
Hill, wrote that some Confederate soldiers who began
returning to the University "revisited these empty
corridors (of campus buildings) with undisguised
sadness, foreboding that not one stone would be left
upon another of those venerable buildings, perhaps
not an oak left standing of the noble groves, after
Sherman's army had passed."
University President D. L. Swain had similar
visions, so he wrote his old friend, General Sherman,
and asked that the town be spared in the event of
Union occupation. Sherman assured him it would be,
but not until the confederate troops arrived did the
town feel secure.
SPENCER WROTE of the event: "On Friday
afternoon General Wheeler rode in from the Raleigh
road with his staff and alighted at the first corner. One
of his aides came up with a map of North Carolina,
which he unrolled and laid on the ground. General
Wheeler knelt down to consult it, and the group
gathered round him. Several of our citizens drew near,
and a circle of as bright eyes and fair faces as the
Confederacy could show anywhere eager to look upon
men whose names had been familiar for four years."
The townspeople watched happily while Wheeler's
men dug in on Piney Prospect, a hill that overlooked
the Raleigh Road. That was where the Yanks would
probably march in. (Piney Prospect still overlooks the
Raleigh Road, and is now the site of Ghimgoul
But ail was not rosy with the good guys in town.
"There were rough riders among these troops,"
Spencer wrote, "men who, if plunder was the object,
would have cared little whether it was got from friends
or foe... there were more than a few in General
Wheeler's command who were utterly demoralized,
lawless, and defiant." Always the loyal Confederate,
though, Spencer also wrote, "Having said this much,
because the truth must be told, I will add that of the
famous band by far the greater were true and gallant
"When men and boys from the state began leaving for war so did many UNC students
and professor, and enrollment dwindled.
Tomorrow: The Yankees ride into town.