The high temperature today
will be in the mid-80s with a
low near 70 tonight. The
chance of rain is 20 per cent
Bike racing is a sport for the
daring and bold On Sunday
the first Carrboro Cnterium
Bicycle Race was Md. See
story on page 5
Volume No. 85, Issue Ho.)Y
to Chapel Hill
Hillsborough will sell
Hillsborough officials agreed Friday to sell
treated water to a drought-stricken Chapel H ill.
but the purchase probably will not helpconditions
here for four to five months.
The agreement between the Orange Water and
Sewer Authority (OWASA) and the town of
Hillsborough was reached in the concluding
episode of talks which apparently had broken
down until last Thursday. The main source of
disagreement during the earlier negotiations
concerned the purchase of untreated water from
county-owned Lake Orange.
The approved contract prohibits the purchase
of untreated water from the lake unless a '
malfunction occurs in the H illsborough treatment
plant, or a new reservoir with a capacity at least
double that of Lake Orange is constructed.
The construction of a SI.S million pipeline to
pump the new purchase to Chapel H ill will begin
as soon as possible, said OWASA Executive
Director Everette Billingsley. He estimates the
construction will take four to five months to
complete probably too late to help with the
Mandatory conservation efforts have been in
effect in Chapel Hill since July. Last year, the
mandatory restrictions on water use were not put
into effect until the arrival of UNC students.
"1 don't foresee the pipeline being any
immediate help unless the drought extends much
longer than it did last year," Billingsley said. Last
year, University Lake was not full untilChristmas
Day. And this year, Billingsley said, is worse than
last year, "so it is still extremely important to
continue conservation measures.
"We understand the students' feeling of disgust
at returning to school in the midst of another
water crisis," Billingsley continued. "We hope we
can ride out the current water crisis with
conservation and a little rain."
In earlier negotiations, Hillsborough officials
steadfastly had refused to allow the purchase of
untreated water from Lake Orange under any
circumstances. OWASA negotiators wanted the
ban on raw-water use terminated after 1983.
This disagreement led to the breakdown it
negotiations until last Thursday, when Billingsley
called H illsborough M ayor Fred Cates to propose
the Friday session.
Under the contract, OWASA can buy up to 2
million gallons of treated water daily from
H illsborough. H illsborough is not required to sell
water when it cannot spare it. The Hillsborough
water system has a capacity of about 3 million
gallons daily, and the town consumes about a
million gallons daily.
Chapel Hill is buying an average of 3.7 million
gallons of water daily from Durham. The
consumption level has been approximately five
million gallons a day since students began arriving
for the fall semester.
OWASA has agreed to pay 45 cents for each
thousand gallons of the first million gallons of
water purchased and 40 cents for each additional
The eleventh-hour agreement allows OWASA
to apply for federal assistance with the pipeline
under the Emergency Drought Assistance
program. The town has been extended a Monday
deadline for its application.
OWASA has considered several alternative
sources of water during the summer-long drought,
but Billingsley said OWASA preferred that.
Hillsborough be the water source.
UNC not in danger of
losing all $100
By DAVID STACKS
The 16-campus UNC system is not in
danger of losing all of its $100 million
annual federal aid package if the U.S.
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare (HEW) does not approve the
University's latest desegregation plan.
John Sanders, UNC vice president for
planning, said Sunday.
"The fund cut-off applies only to
those specific programs found not in
compliance," Sanders said.
HEW would cut all $100 million only
if every federally funded University
program were declared not in
compliance with federal desegregation
rules, he said.
"It's not a case of all the funds being
lost even if they find non-compliance,"
Sanders said. "It's not an all-or-nothing
The UNC Board of Governors last
week approved a revised plan for
desegregating the 16 schools. The new
UNC plan calls for increasing black
enrollment at the 11 predominantly
white schools by 32 percent. HEW had
ordered University officials to increase
black enrollment by 150 per cent.
But even if HEW officials say the new
UNC plan violates federal guidelines,
Sanders said he believes it will be several
years before HEW's Office of Civil
Rights will succeed in cutting federal aid
He said such instances require a
hearing before an HEW examiner. The
HEW secretary would then review the
matter. After the HEW review, funds
could only be axed after a
Congressional committee approves the
If the matter gets to Congress,
Sanders said, UNC would probably
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A suit is the latest of what Chapel Hill Mayor James C. Wallace has called a "zoo of
difficulties" surrounding the town's new parking ordinance. On this street, as many
1 1 Cell ciMiyua, void at ail ciiuauyoicu ocuiog,
UNC prof organizes Hunt's retreats
By DAVID STACKS
When Gov. Jim Hunt wanted to invite his
newly-appointed department secretaries to
the Governor's Mansion for a get-to-know-you
dinner in January, UNC Associate
Professor of Education Gene Watson
"There's too much game-playing at a
formal dinner," said Watson, who is Hunt's
expert on group communications. "1 felt
they should get to know each other in a less
Instead Watson organized a series of
weekend retreats for the governor and his
top administrative heads to get to know each
other in a setting away from cabinet
meetings and jangling telephones.
A first impression might lead to the
appeal the HEW decision to the courts.
"I think it's at least a couple ol years
away as to particular programs,"
Sanders said. "And even then, we're not
talking about all of the $100 million."
Sanders said HEW officials could
take another route and turn the matter
over to the U.S. Department of Justice,
where the attorney general's staff would
file suit to have funds tor UNC stopped
f ' " wi -
'Yack' promised in November
When Yackety Yack Editor George Bacso
read in the Daily Tar Heel last week that the
1976-77 yearbook he is editing would arrive
in time for distribution by Christmas, he was
a little upset.
The 1976-77 Yack will indeed be out by
Christmas, but is will be out at least a month
before the holiday season, Bacso explained,
despite more pages, more copy and more
color than contained in last year's Yack,
which arrived in early November.
Production is running as scheduled, Bacso
said Friday. Most of the 672-page book is
already at Hunter Publishing Co. in
Winston-Salem, ready for printing. Bacso
himself is working on the one unfinished
section here in Chapel Hill.
The book should arrive fordistribution by
the first week in November. Bacso said. But
because of its size, he said, "The possibility
that it could be delivered a week later is
"The Yack could be here by mid-October,
but it would be a sloppy job," Bacso said.
"The decision was made long ago that the
Yack will come out when it is done right, and
merely having the book here sooner is not
more important than having it done well."
Each Yack editor tends to think his
yearbook will be the best ever, and Bacso is
no exception. But he supports his bragging
with impressive statistics.
The 1976-77 Yack staff, for example, sold
more pages to campus organizations than
ever before. More students 5,300 as
Monday, August 29, 1977, Chapel Hill North Carolina
Serving the students and the University community since I XV 3
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conclusion that Watson is the resident
psychiatrist for the governor's staff.
"But he's not a psychiatrist or a shrink."
Hunt's press spokesman, Gary Pearce. said.
"A shrink tells people how to deal with their
problems. Gene helps people overcome
barriers in dealing with each other."
Watson is acting director of the
Governor's Executive and Organizational
Development Program, a post he will hold
until a new director is chosen Oct. I.
"Gene doesn't solve our problems." said
Pearce. who has attended Watson's retreats.
"He is good at getting us together to solve
our own problems."
The associate professor also sits in at
Hunt's weekly cabinet meetings and
evaluates staff members' relationships with
each other and the governor. He conducts
retreats for department secretaries' staffs to
help improve communication in and
between state government offices.
"I help them check out their perceptions of
their roles in state government and their
roles with the governor." Watson said.
Staff members also discuss managerial
problems such as whom to seek for decisions
when the governor is out of town.
"We do a lot of brainstorming," Watson
said, "and very effectively, too. People do a
lot of free-wheel thinking at the retreats."
No spouses are allowed at the retreats,
Watson said, because it is more difficult for
people to get to know each other in large
groups. The only people who attend are the
governor, his nine department secretaries
and a handful of administrative aides.
Hunt has more time to spend with staff
members at the retreats than he does at
cabinet meetings and other events at the state
capital in Raleigh. Watson said.
"Cabinet meetings are very carefully
limited to no more than an hour and a half."
The Daily Tar Heel needs staff
writers and copy editors.
Students interested in writing news
or features should attend a meeting at :
3:30 p.m. Wednesday in the North
Loung of the Carolina Union, right
outside the PTH office.,
Anyone who is unable to attend the ,
! meeting should see one of the news or
features editors in the DTH office
before 3:30 p.m. any day this week.
Potential copy editors should talk
to Ben Cornelius, managing editor, at
the DTH office as soon as possible.
compared to 4,300 last year bought Yack
snhscrintions this vear. More students had
their pictures made for the portrait section
than last year, and response to letters seeking
patrons for the yearbook was also higher
And all that, Bacso said, means more
money to spend on a bigger and better
The organizations and portraits sections
of the 1976-77 Yack account for about half
of the 200-plus extra pages, but the opening
and closing sections of the Yack candids
and coverage of campus events will also
be larger, Bacso said.
"Instead of a book dominated by the
organizations fraternities and sororities,
dorms and the like - you have the same
emphasis on these sections as being
important, but you also have a much greater
emphasis on sections of just students, people
interacting in and around Chapel Hill," he
Expanded coverage of campus events in
the 1976-77 Yack includes the Black Student
Movement's protest of University Day, the
Association for Women Students' protest of
Sam Ervin's visit to UNC in April and the
Campus Governing Council's budget
In addition, Bacso said, sports coverage
was extended to include coverage of activity
in the stands during football games and
celebrations on Franklin Street after the Tar
Heels won important NCAA basketball
UNC law student to file suit
against town's parking order
By CHIP PKARSALI.
A UN'C law student is expected to file a
class-action lawsuit in Orange County
Superior Court today against the town of
Chapel Hill, charging that the town's new
parking ordinance is unconstitutional.
Phillip E. Williams, a second-year law
student, asks in the suit that the parking
ordinance, which allows residents of the
affected streets to obtain special parking
permits, be declared unconstitutional under
provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment of
the U.S. Constitution and Article Two of the
In addition, the suit asks tor a temporary
restraining order prohibiting the town from
enforcing the ordinance until a judgment is
Watson said. "I hey are mlormation-giving
and question-raising meetings."
Hunt meets with his top aides each
Monday morning. Three retreats, one in
Chapel Hill and two near Durham, have
been held since Hunt took office.
What makesthc retreats different from the
regular cabinet meetings'.'
"The retreats are more likely to get into
discussions of long-term projects." Watson
said. "They talk about things thev don't have
time for at cabinet meetings."
Watson and his assistant. Jim Reylon.
have set up other staff development projects.
These include sending secretaries to the U ,S.
Civil Service's Federal Executive Institute in
Charlottesville. Va.. and conducting a
survey of state employees to see if they are
satisfie with their jobs.
The survey showed almost 24.000 state
employees are satisfied with their jobs. The
figure represents 91 per cent of the people
who work for H unt or one of his appointees.
Most often nine per cent who said they
were dissatistied had specific complaints
about their jobs rather than a discontment
with the governmental establishment,
Watson said he sees conflicts between
Hunt and politically ambitious cabinet
members. Secretary of Transportation Tom
Bradshaw. Crime Control Secretary Phil
Carlton and Commerce Secretary Lauch
Faircloth have openly disagreed with the
governor at cabinet meetings, Watson said.
At the weekend retreats. Watson said
Bradshaw. Administration Secretary Joe
Grimslcy and Natural Resources Secretary
Howard Tee have all expressed their
asirations for higher political offices.
"We accept the possibility of conflict."
Watson said. "But we try to deal with it right
Bell error protested
Payment method not publicized
By HOWARD TROXLER
Chapel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen has
requested that the N.C. Utilities
Commission investigate Southern Bell
Telephone Co.'s failure to inform Chapel
Hill customers of their option to spread
payment of installation charges over a three
month period, and study the installation
charges themselves as well.
In a letter to Hugh Wells, executive
director of the Public Staff of the utilities
commission. Cohen requested that Southern
Bell be ordered to bill all installation charges
over a three-month period for Chapel Hill
customers until installation forms are
corrected to include information about
spreading payments over a period of time.
Cohen also requested that the utilities
commission investigate Bell's request t; raise
its installation charge from $20 to almost
Southern Bell policy allows customers to
spread out installation payments over a
According to Cohen. Southern Bell
Manager Mike Carson assured him earlier
this year that the form used to obtain
telephone service by students would include
information about the students' option of
paying the $20 installation charge over a
three-month period. The forms did not
include the information, and Cohen said
Saturday that he was "upset that Bell broke
Carson said Sunday that the information
was left out of the installation forms by
accident. "We had intended to include this in
the installation forms, but it was left out
unintentionally." he said.
"We were not going to include it because
of Mr. Cohen's request, but because we felt it
ought to be included."
Carson said Southern Bell is now trying to
coned the mistake. He has contacted the
UNC housing office to investigate the
possibility of distributing door-to-door
information about the possibility of
spreading payments. Southern Bell has
bought advertising space in local
newspapers, informing readers of this
Carson also cited tempoiary employees
The ordinance, adopted July II by the
Board of Aldermen, went intoetiect Aug. 15.
It restricts parking on 41 streets (about 500
spaces) near the UNC campus between )
a.m. and 4 p.m.. Monday through Friday .
Town residents living on restricted streets
can apply to the board for free special
parking permits if parking near their
residence is not available.
The suit charges that the ordinance creates
a special class of persons -- those who arc
granted parking permits. Since all citizens
have a right to free use of public streets, the
suit claims, the ordinance violates the
Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S.
Constitution by discriminating against
persons not allowed permits.
In the suit Williams charges:
"That the needs of the Plaintiff to park in
the affected areas arc equal to those of the
landowners who have chosen to use their
premise in such a way as to make parking
"That there is no substantial basis in law
or equity upon which the special parking
privileges granted. . .may rest.
"T hat the. . .ordinances bear no relation
to the public welfare generally, but were
designed for the convenience and interest of
a special class.
"That the. . .ordinances arc violative of
the public trust in which the streets... are
held and permits a special private use of the
Persons who have cars towed must pay
towing charges, the suit says, and town
employees are being used to enforce the
ordinance instead of safeguarding public
1 n addition to asking that the law be struck
down and a temporary injunction be
granted. Williams seeks in the suit a
permanent injunction against enforcement,
court costs and "further relief as to the Court
seems just and proper."
A restraining order would prohibit the
town from enforcing its ordinance, and the
board would then have to decide how to deal
with parking on the streets.
During the first week the ordinance was in
effect, wreckers towed 130 cars in Chapel
Hill. Police estimated that 90 per cent of
those were removed from newly restricted
zones. Figures for Aug. 23 to 29 were not
Chapel Hill police officer Ben Callahan
said last week that approximately 20 cars per
week were towed in Chapel Hill before the
ordinance took effect.
Other N.C. cities have attempted to ban or
restrict parking, with varying degrees of
success. Alderman Gerry Cohen said
Thursday that in some places, courts have
ruled that cities did not have the authority to
But, Cohen said, the N.C. General
Assembly granted Chapel Hill the authority
to restrict parking when it approved a
hired to meet the burden of handling
students orders as a source ol the prohlcm.
"They were temporary employees and not
familiar with our procedures," Carson said.
Some students were informed that it was not
possible to spread out installation payments
by these employees.
Carson said any customer wishing to pay
the installation charge over the three-month
period should send in only one-third of the
charge with their first bill.
But Cohen is not satisfied with this
"If they bill people the full amount, and
then say it's okay to just send part of the
charge, then I don't want to see anyone
"v.. v - sin
Chaoel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen has protested to the N.C Utilities Commission
that Southern Bell violated one of Its own policies by not informing subscribers they
can pay installation fees In three monthly payments.
Please call us: 933-0245
charter amendment submitted by the Board
of Aldermen in Mas.
1 he parking issue arose when citizen
petitions (lowed to the hoard, urging
members to consider the safetv of travel on
the streets and residents' inability to find
parking near their homes.
Irving to relieve congestion in the
cramped central district ol town, the board
examined parking plans. A public hearing in
February on chatter amendments was held,
and the parking problem was discussed. I he
constitutionality question was raised at that
meeting, Cohen said.
After the hearing, a joint subcommittee of
planning board and transportation board
members studied city parking and
recommended that the 41 streets he
restricted. Originally. 1.200 parking spaces
were coisidercd tor r.-stiutions
Minimum width Mii'd,ids. sink's h.U'i!
in citizen petitions and sticets heavily u-d
by commuters were consuleteil bv the
subcommittee. Its recommendations
reached the Board of Aldennen. which
discussed the oidinanee.
Cohen, a lawyer, said the board discussed
the possible legal problems involved when it
deliberated on the ordinance. I he town
attorney's office advised the hoard ilormgits
discussions, according to act my. hwti
attornyc David Drake.
Drake said Thursday that Un
constitutional questions and cases in othet
cities were researched by the attorney's stall
The possibility of a lawsuit exists
whenever a new ordinance takes cllect,
Drake said. "There was no one who expected
this one not to be challenged." he said of the
(The hoard) had the authority," Drake
said. "The ordinance is const it ut ional unt il a
court finds it not to be."
Chapel Hill Mayor James C. Wallace said
Wednesday he thought the board focused
more attention on, the issue of residents'
rights to"get into their own driveway" rather
than the constitutional questions involved.
"U will take about 90 days for vis to lind
the strong and weak points of the plan,"
Mayor Wallace said. "If wc have to retract,
retreat or change, we will.
"Nothing is in concrete yet," he said.
A $27 traffic citation, or a $ ticket and
towing charges face ordinance violators,
officer Callahan said last week. He added
that police officers in the two patrol zones
mainly affected spend up to 30 minutes on
each car to be towed or cited.
If the driver returns to his vehicle before it
is towed, he gets a citation, Callahan said.
Otherwise, the car is towed. Charges run
from $15 to $35. depending on the tune of
day and special towing equipment needed.
Callahan said that when officcri arc tied
up with ticketing and calling wreckers, the
department calls in other policemen to
handle calls in the area.
getting notices saying their phone is going to
be disconnected They d better make it pretty
clear what they're going to do. I want them to
adjust their computers to bill only one-thiid
of' the cost each month."
Cohen will ask the Chapel Hill Board of
Aldermen to file an intervention in Southern
Bell's request for a rate hike.
"My personal opinion is, that if a new
phone is installed in a new house, it may very
well cost the $70.00." Cohen said. "Our
argument is that $20.00 to cut on a phone
may be the cost in a small town with only a
few hundred yearly orders to cut on a phone.
But in a case like Chapel Hill. 1 just can't
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Ptioto by Mirth Stv
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