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8 The Daily Tar Heel Monday, November 14, 1977
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou Bilionis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Chip Ewssun, Arts Editor
Gene Upchuhch. Sports Editor
Allen ernIgan, Photography Editor
85th year of editorial freedom
Bikers need more warning
Beginning today bicyclists around Chapel Hill may find themselves in a
novel position ticketed by police for a traffic violation.
Those cyclists who didn't see a newspaper Friday probably are unaware
that Chapel Hill police announced a crackdown Thursday on traffic law
violations by bicycle riders and that the ticketing begins today. This
means that those riders who have coolly ignored stop signs, stop lights and
other right-of-way laws in the past will be rudely awakened starting this
We have no complaint with tightening the enforcement of the traffic code.
Bicyclists should know already that the status which governs the operation
of motor vehicles in North Carolina also provide that 'bicycles shall be
deemed vehicles and every rider of a bicycle upon a highway shall be subject
to the provision of this charter. . .'
Police in this college town have tended to overlook blatant traffic
violations as the number of bikes in Chapel Hill increased. But a rash of
bicycle-related accidents since July prompted Chapel Hill police to take
another look at their tolerant bike policy. So from now on bikers will be
treated just the same as motorists and are subject to fines for v iolation and
costs of court.
The grace period during which bikers can get used to this new stringent
policy should be significantly longer than three days, however. Though
some bicyclists have violated laws in the past, lack of enforcement of the
traffic code has also contributed to lulling bikers into bad habits of running
stop signs or ignoring other rights-of-way.
The situation is analogous to the crackdown on leadfooted drivers in
North Carolina this August by the state highway patrol. Though a 55 mile-per-hour
speed limit has been the law since 1974, numerous motorists were
exceeding the limit by five or ten miles per hour. The highway patrol finally
realized that speeding was becoming widespread and decided to begin strict
enforcement of the 55 mile-perh-hour limit. But they also announced their
decision one month in advance and gave warning tickets during that month
to prod motorists back' into the habit of observing the law. Thus when the
deadline arrived Aug. 15 and the grace period ended, the great majority of
motorists were aware that the law they had neglected in the past would now
Chapel Hill police easily could extend their warning period another two
weeks without significant repercussions. Police could issue warnings to
reckless bikers to help them voluntarily comply with the law. Police Chief
Herman Stone even said Thursday that "we want to get everybody to
comply voluntarily. We don't want to start handing out violations, but we're
planning a crackdown if voluntary compliance doesn't come about."
If widespread violations have occurred, it's doubtful a three-day period is
long enough to remind violators that they are now subject to ticketing just
like motorists. A two-week extension and more publicity w ould be a fair and
an effective way of reminding bicyclers that they must obey traffic laws.
Hitting us where it hurts
Kozol challenge important
Jonathan Kozol, who spoke in Memorial Hall Wednesday and whose
views appear on this page today, is more than a fresh breeze on this campus
he's a bracing blast of Antarctic air. The controversial education
reformer will say just about anything, and it's hard to tell when he's dead
serious and when he is baiting his audience. But whether you believe, for
instance, that he really expects the University to shut down and recruit
minorities full-time, his message is clear. The University must not be
complacent; it cannot rest on any laurels it may hav e won in 1 84 years if it is
to remain great.
We have recounted in this column before the story of the high school
senior who asked UNC alumnus and New York Times Associate Editor
Tom Wicker if the University is a good place to go to school. Wicker is said
to have replied that Chapel Hill is a fine place, but"l think they're resting on
their laurels down there."
On Wednesday night, Kozol recalled a UNC administrator's claim that
UNC is the leading university in the Southeast. "This may be true in terms of
power and prestige," Kozol said, "but if this is the leading university, it
ought to lead in areas other than grades, cash, buildings and grants.
"The University should take the lead in ethics, for excellence without
ethics is no excellence at all."
Although Kozol prides himself on his controversial and provocative
rhetoric, his assertion that the University should be a leader cannot be
questioned. What must be questioned is the University's commitment to
leadership in the development of higher education, political and social
attitudes, affirmative action and other areas in which the University can
have a great and positive impact on society.
Kozol's commentaries may be laughed off by those of us who are proud of
this University, but they should not be. Kozol insulted this institution, and
we should have the pride to go out and prove him wrong.
The Daily Tar Heel
News: Tony Cunn, assistant editor; Mark Andrews, Mike Coyne, Meredith Crews. Shelley
Droescher, Bruce Ellis, Betsy Flagler, Grant Hamill. l.ou Harned. Stephen Harris, K.ath Hart.
Nancy Hartis, Chip Highsmiih. Keith Hollar. Steve Huettel. Jaci Hughes. Jay Jennings. George
Jeter, Ramona Jones, W ill Jones, Julie Knight, Eddie Marks. Amy McRary, I liaheth Messitk,
Beverly Mills, Beth Parsons. Chip r'earsall. Bernie Ranshottom. I:clyn Saiir. George Shadroui.
Vanessa Siddle, Barry Smith, David Slacks. Melinda Stovall, Robert I homason. Howard
Troxler, Mike Wade, Martha Waggoner. David Wallers and i d W illiams.
News Desk: Reid Tuvim, assistant managing editor. Copy chief: Keith Hollar. Copy editors:
Richard Barron, Amy Colgan, Kathy Curry. Dinita James, Carol I ee. Michclc Mecke. Lisa
Nieman, Dan Nobles, Melanie Sill, Melinda Stovall, Melanie lopp and Larry l upler. I dilonal
assistant: Vikki Broughton.
Sports: Lee Pace, assistant editor; van Appel. Dede Biles. Bill Fields. Skip Foreman. Tod
Hughes, Dinita James, Dave McNeill. Pete Mitchell, David Poole. Ken Roberts. Rick Scoppe.
Frank Snyder, Will Wilson and Isabel Worthy.
Features: Pam Belding, Jeff Brady, Zap Brueckner. Amy Colgan. Dav id Ci al t. Peter Hapke. Ftta
Lee, Nell Lee, Kimberly McGuire. Debbie Moose, Dan Nobles. Swan Phillips, Ken Roberts.
Tim Smith and Lynn Williford.
Arts and Entertainment: Melanie Modlin, assistant editor. Hank Baker. Becky Burcham. Pat
Green, Marianne Hansen, Libby Lewis, Ann Smallwood and Valerie V an Arsdale.
Graphic Arts: Artists: Dan Brady, Allen Fdwards. Clill Mailcv, JoccKn Petlibone. I.ec Poole
and John Tomlinson. Photographers: Fred Barbour. Sam Fulwood, M ichael Sneed and Joseph
Business: Claire Bagley, business manager. Michclc Mitchell, assistant business manager. I u
Huskey, Mike Neville, Kim Painter, David Squiies and Howard I rosier. Ciiculation manager;
Advertising: Dan Collins, manager; Carol Bed sole, assistant sales nuuugci. Steve Ciowell.
classifieds manager; Julie Coston, Neal Kimball, Cynthia I cslcy, nne S hern I and Melanie
Stokes. Ad layout: Evelyn Sahr.
Composition Editors: Frank Moore and Nancy Oliver
Composition and Makeup: UNC Punting Dept. Robert Jasmkicwie. super visot. Ruben
Streeter, Geanie McMillan, Judy Dunn, Carolyn Kuhn. David Paikei. Join IVteis. Sieve
Quakenbush and Duke Sullivan,
Kozol cites war against first person
American education a depersonalizing process
Jonathan Kozol sheepishly came on stage
Wednesday night. He squinted his eyes and perused his
audience. Shifting from one foot to another, he
scratched the back of his neck as if he were
uncomfortable. But as he launched into his speech all
signs of timidity dissolved, giving way to bold
accusations against institutionalized education in
"When I first started writing I was naive, innocent,
liberal and gullible. I essentially told the people who
had the power why they had the power and asked them
to fix it so we could have the power.
By ROBERT TUO MASON
"It's like going to the White House in '68, '69, 70
(Kozol cautiously avoided naming Richard Nixon)
and saying 'The school system isn't working. We aren't
turning out bold and courageous people like Tolstoy,
Dickens, Thomas Jefferson, Arlo Guthrie and Pete
Seeger. We are turning out cold, lobotomized
murderers and executives like you. Could we kindly
have a grant to fix it?'
"We turn to men who are perpetuating the system
and expect them to give us a license for the revolution."
Kozol suggested that action taken against the
present educational system should come from
concerned people within that system.
After Kozol was fired for reading a Langston
Hughes poem, "Ballad of the Landlord," to a group of
third graders, a black leader in Boston told him "You
were not racial chic. You were liberal dumb."
Kool said that education in America attempts to
transform human beings into automatons which will
follow orders and not make trouble. Even instruction
in elementary subjects harbors this depersonalizing
letters to the editor
"English is an indoctrinational subject. The public
school system has waged war against the first-person
"If a third grade student is rude to her teacher, the
teacher says Ms that any way to talk to MissO'Brian?'
as if she weren't present, pulsating. It's as if she were
locked up in the closet." Kozol concluded that, in a
moral way. Miss O'Brian indeed is locked up in a
Another battle against the first person is apparent in
instructions high school students are given regarding
term papers. "The student will not use the word T
except in the last sentence."
"In elementary school they combat the first person
with the third person. When you get to college, they get
more sophisticated and use the subjunctive and the
"1 went to the Harvard Faculty Club for dinner one
day. A professor sitting at the table next to us was
about to pour out his heart to his comrades. Instead of
using strong language, he said, 'One might well ask if it
could be proposed. . .It seems to me... There is a
certain body that believes. . .Although it could be
"Convictions don't come easy at Harvard, where
people are smart and witty and can put you down
quickly. No one is going to punch you in the nosefora
"The subjunctive, the conditional and the third
person of self-abdication are the ideal rhetoric of men
and women whose hearts are still and morals are still.
"It is the perfect training for the Vietnam
bombadier, and better yet, for the man who sent him
Kozol said that cumulative records were detrimental
to the education of the young. "A teacher will look at
the record and see that someone has written that little
Johnny is a trouble-maker. Then she will treat him
"Cumulative records should be destroyed every four
i I it
years so that the child can have a fresh start. At the end
of high school, the record should be destroyed forever.
"The only test that should carry any weight should
be an evaluation of the student by the teacher in the
presence of the child, his parents and a mental health
"A purpose of school is to teach the child with what
compassionate constraints and within what rational
parameters to say no to certain things," Kozol said.
"The world will not remember the good students
who have learned to file through halls. It will
remember the non-conformists who dare to say no."
Robert Thomason, a sophomore journalism major
from Kernersville, N.C., is a staff writer for the Daily
Professional theater usurps student opportunities
To the editor:
Last Wednesday David Adamson
defended the Playmakers- Repertory
Company (PRC) against charges raised in a
DTH cartoon (Nov. I). In spile of his
objections to the cartoon, the fact remains
that the PRC has no legitimate right to be a
part of the University of North Carolina.
We do not deny that the PRC is able to
pack Playmaker's Theater (just as a pro
basketball team could pack Carmichael
We do not deny the availability of second
class opportunities for undergraduates to
participate in the Lab Theater and in an
occasional Student Union production.
We do not deny the generosity of the
Drama Deptartment in making available to
students facilities not wanted by the PRC.
We do deny the right of the Drama
Department to use University funds, set
aside for the education of students, to pay
the salaries of professionals who are brought
to this state to usurp the roles of students in
an entire season of Drama Department
There was a time, not many years ago.
when undergraduates came to this
University hoping to become a part of the
best drama department in the state and
maybe, if they were good enough, to be cast
in a leading role in a Playmaker's
production. Students now arrive to find an
inferior department with no undergraduate
major and no chance to make a contribution
to the once proud Playmaker's Theater.
Undergraduates and townspeople are now
relegated to the lesser opportunities well
outlined by Adamson.
It is neither the purpose nor the right of the
Drama Department to pay the salaries or
provide the facilities for a professional
theater such as PRC. It is their function to
provide a learning experience for the
students on this campus, graduate and
undergraduate. The funds which they receive
are for this purpose.
A professional theater would certainly be
a welcome cultural addition to the Chapel
Hill area, but in these times of limited
University funds and facilities, the PRC has
no right to usurp the educational
opportunities once afforded students of the
University of North Carolina by the once
famous Playmaker's Theater.
Dept. of Speech Communication
School of Journalism
Honor Code review
To the editor:
If the proposed changes in the Honor
Code are to be properly discussed, then the
entire University community has the
responsibility to study the changes. Further,
as many people as possible should contact
the bodies that will be voting on the
amendments. Tuesday at 4 p.m.. the CGC
Rules and Judiciary Committee will meet for
the express purpose of discussing the
changes. 1 he committee encourages anyone
with an interest to come at the above time to
Room J()2 of the Carolina Union.
C hip Cox
Rules and Judiciary Committee
To the editor:
Your recent article concerning the
jurisdiction of UNC police ("University
police criticize restriction on authority,"
Nov. 10) seems to raise a number of
In the first place, the basic purpose of the
University police is to insure the security of
the campus, and in this regard Security
Director Marvin's limit of jurisdiction does,
as he has said, make a lot of sense. 1 would
also hope the Chapel Hill Police Department
is sufficiently large enough to effectively
patrol its own jurisdiction.
One complaint cited in your article
pointed out that one officer felt "kind of
dumb" when witnessing a crime and being
unable to do anything about it. In the case of
a crime serious enough to call for arrest,
anyone can legally detain someone who has
committed a crime until the proper
authorities arrive by placing them under
citizen's arrest. This simple procedure is in
fact the only true authority that most private
security guards have. If a serious infraction
of the law occurs. University police should
either arrest the responsible party under
authority granted them by CHPD, though
now limited by Marvin's new policy, or
detain them until the "proper authorities"
arrive whether on or off campus.
In cases of a less serious nature (traffic
violations, for instance), it would seem that
the University police should be
I'M SOftS 1
concentrating their efforts toward campus
security rather than issuing citations or
hassling students who are out drinking oh
weekends (two examples of police practices
which have recently come into questions at
Is the popular joke of a policeman ever
ready to write a ticket or hassle someone at
the slightest provocation becoming a reality?
Are University police upset because they no
longer feel completely effective as law
enforcement officers or are they
disappointed that their badges and uniforms
may have lost some of the authority they
Richard D. Klimkiewicz Jr.
8 Old West
r TV v 5
To the editor:
ERA is still here. The statewide effort
hardly missed passing during the last
legislative session. Two North Carolina
senators, John T. Henley and J im McDuffie,
changed their votes at the last minute, and
the bill went down to defeat.
This time it is important to insure firm
commitments from our legislators. North
Carolina United for ERA (NCUERA) has
information available concerning the voting
records of state legislators. With primary
elections coming up in May, we must be sure
to support those candidates, incumbents and
new candidates, who are pro-ERA. To find
out how the candidates for election in your
home county feel about the ERA, write to:
NCUERA, Political Information
Committee. P.O. Box 1628. Raleigh, North
Here at UNC, the ERA Committee of the
Association of W omen Students ( AWS) w ill
be actively working witlv-NCUERA to get
I RA ratified by the State l egislature in
earlv With a concerned and dedicated
effort, we will Jo it. The efforts of the AWS
Committee for the ERA will center on : 1)
fundraising, 2) distributing information
about the ERA itself, 3) collecting and
disseminating information concerning the
views of candidates towards the ERA who
will be running for election in May 1978 and
November 1978, and 4) expanding efforts to
include other campuses around the state in
the ERA effort.
These are just a few of the objectives of the
ERA Committee, and there is certainly room
for new ideas. Anyone who is interested in
joining the committee or who has
suggestions about the future direction of the
ERA campaign should attend the ERA
Committee meeting Thursday, Nov. 17, at
7:30 p.m. in the AWS office in Suite D of the
Carolina Union. With your help, we can get
the ERA ratified in North Carolina in 1979.
Committee of AWS
To the editor:
Finally, next vear. vve North Carolinians
are going to have our cnance tu gei iu w u
national embarassment, Senator Jesse
Helms. But who will be the Democratic
nominee to run against him?
Three leading Democratic candidates for
the Senate will speak and debate at UNC this
Friday. State Sen. Lawrence Davis of
Winston-Salem, former banker Luther
Hodges Jr. of Charlotte, and State Sen.
McNeill'Smith of Greensboro will take part.
A reception is scheduled for 1 1 a.m., wjth.
the candidates' debate following at noon
Friday in the law school building. Everyone
is invited. Y'all come and help get rid of
Orange County Democratic Party
The Daily Tar fleet welcomes letters to
the editor, l etters must be typed, double
spaced, on a 60-space line and are subject
to condensation or editing for libelous
content or bad taste.
l etters should not run over 50 lines
(300 words) and should be mailed to the
Wi 7ur Heel, Carolina Union.