Fair today with a high around
50. Low tonight in the
We're no. 1
UNC Tar Heels capture pre
season basketball crown.
See top 30 p. 9.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 94
Thursday, November 17, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BSM choir's fate
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n court s hands
Fletcher Gamble, left, president of the BSM Gospel Choir, and David Maslia, assistant student attorney general,
listen to plaintiffs; arguments during a session of the Student Supreme Court Wednesday night.
By MARK STINNEFORD
The fate of the Black Student Move
ment Gospel Choir is in the hands of the
Student Supreme Court.
The court heard arguments Wednesday
night alternately picturing the choir as a
religious organization that should not
receive fees and as a vital cultural institu
tion that brings prestige to the University.
In a complaint filed in April, Campus
Governing Coundl members Allan Rosen
(District 1) and Steve Re jihard (District 1)
charged that the allocation of student fees
to the choir violated the Student Constitu
tion, which prohibits funding of pro
grams, activities or events of a religious or
political nature. The CGC approved a
budget of $1,700 for the choir for the cur
rent academic year.
Student Supreme Court Chief Justice
J.B. Kelly said the court would issue a
decision before the end of the semester.
"I can guarantee we will have a decision
before the (Christmas) break," Kelly said.
During the hearing, Reinhard, counsel
for the plaintiffs, argued that gospel music
was inherently religious.
"Gospel music spreads the words and
message of Jesus Christ...," Reinhard
said. "Just because one labels it as
cultural, it doesn't mean that it isn't also
During Reinhard's opening statement,
Kelly asked Reinhard why he thought the
CGC had approved an allocation for the
choir if the group was religious.
Reinhard responded: "Other CGC
members did not feel it was religious or
they didn't want to tackle the issue."
Reinhard noted that courts had often
overturned the decisions of legislative
Continuing, Reinhard said about 90
percent of the choir's out-of-town per
formances took place in churches. And the
choir opened a campus performance in
April with prayer and scripture reading, he
"They are performing a religious func
tion at the churches that they play in,"
Assistant Student Attorney General
David Maslia, counsel for the defense,
countered. that the "bulk of the music"
was cultural rather than religious, contain
ing important historical, musical and
"Our contention is that the religious
part of this music is not the primary
element. . . ," Maslia said. "Scripture and
music take up a small part of this, never
taking up the bulk of the program."
The choir played in churches because
those buildings often serve as the only
meeting places in small towns, Maslia said.
J. Lee Greene, an associate professor of
English and an expert in Afro-American
social history, testified that the message of
gospel music was not its primary purpose.
"The text, the lyrics are purely sec
ondary. . . ," Greene said. "It's the
rhythm for which you have an affinity."
Maslia asked Greene: "The bottom line
(of the music) is to make you feel good?"
See BSM on page 2
Chapel Hill, Orange have
no plan for nuclear accident
By KATHERINE SCHULTZ
Chapel Hill is prepared for just about
anything except the day after, according to
The town and the rest of Orange Coun
ty have an outlined plan to deal with major
accidents and natural catastrophes, but no
similar plan has been formed to handle a
nuclear accident, said Bobby Baker,
Emergency Services Coordinator for
Baker said when the county drew up the
plan officials from the state Office of
Emergency Management told county of
ficials that provisions were not needed to
deal with a nuclear accident.
"They assured us that our distance from
any nuclear power plant does not warrant
an immediate disaster plan," Baker said.
Steve Flury of the UNC Health and
Safety Office said that the University did
not have a nuclear accident plan either,
because that was the responsibility of each
"That is more of a civil defense func
tion," he said.
Concern recently surfaced on campus
when a member of a task force studying
the effects of the Shearon Harris nuclear
reactors said the plant's emergency plans
The CGC, in response, passed a resolu
tion to request Carolina Power and Light
Co. to upgrade their emergency pro
cedures at the plant, 55 miles away.
Baker said Orange County's plan is ac
tually a system for coordinating local
emergency services and local fire and
police departments under a command post
The command post structure stems
from a resource manual developed by
county officials over the past three years,
Baker said. "The plans involve the various
departments and town officials, who make
decisions concerning money and areas af
fected mosst in accidents," Baker said.
"Depending on the situation, we would
set up a command post at the scene or near
it, and would-coordinate various units in
volved." Bob Sherman, director of the Campus
Police and Traffic Office, said University
emergency plans are coordinated by the
Campus Police, UNC Health and Safety
Office, and the Chapel Hill police and fire
Several departments have their own
evacuation plans including the North
Carolina Memorial Hospital, the Phar
macy School and the Housing Depart
ment, Sherman said.
Israeli jets bomb guerrilla bases
Iff , zLi P
Thomas P. O'Neill
The Associated Press
: JERUSALEM Israeli jets blasted
guerrilla bases near Lebanon's border with .
Syria on Wednesday in reprisal for the'
suicide bombings against Israeli, U.S. and
French command posts in Lebanon.
Lebanese police said they had reports that
33 Shiite Moslem extremists were killed
and 80 wounded in the air strikes.
Military sources quoted by Israel radio
said Israel decided to launch the air strikes
after it became clear the United States did
not intend to retaliate for the bombing of
the Marine headquarters in Beirut Oct. 23
that left 239 Americans dead.
A U.S. official in Washington said,
"We've declared a moratorium about
discussions of U.S. reprisals." The of
ficial, who requested anonymity, added
that the U.S. government did not coor
, flinate. the strikes with the Israelis and had
no advance notice of them.
The jets struck at mid-morning near
Nabi Sheet, where bases of Shiite Moslem
Lebanese extremists loyal to Iran's revolu
tionary patriarch Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini are located.
Beirut police said they received reports
that 33 Shiite Moslem Lebanese extremists
were killed and 80 wounded in the
25-minute air strike on the camps of Janta
Israel's military command said all pilots
returned safely and reported direct hits on
the camps, which sources said contained
anti-aircraft weapons, artillery, vehicles,
buildings and tents. The Israelis did not
give any estimate of the number of
"This is a base 'which has been involved
in terror attacks against Israel," said the
Foreign Ministry official. "If Marines and
the French were hit from the same bases
then so much the better if the bases were
Israel radio quoted military sources as
saying the suicide terrorists who carried
out the Oct. 23 bombings of the U.S. and
French bases, as well as a similar attack on
an Israeli security post in Tyre Nov. 4, had
all used the camps as a staging ground.
Fifty-eight French paratroopers were
killed in the Oct. 23 bombing.
See LEBANON on page 4
See DISASTER on page 4
Students buy tons
Junk food prevails
By CLINTON WEAVER
Moms wouldn't be happy if they knew
the food kids eat at college.
Students at UNC often opt for junk
food and a Coke, but a local nutritionist
said such foods aren't very nutritious.
Large doses of fries, Coke and candy
may not be healthy, said John Anderson,
professor of nutrition at the School of
Tom Shetley, general manager of UNC
Student Stores, said $65,000 in soft drinks
were sold at campus drink machines in
September. Though some drinks sell for 45
cents, students bought 1,300 drinks at 50
cents a can.
About 780 gallons of syrup are mixed
for fountain drinks each week in the Fast
Large amounts of carbonated beverages
can cause problems. "You're paying an
awful lot of money for a certain amount of
sweets," Anderson said.' "What you're
not getting is a useful combination of
The problem is magnified when drinkers
substitute soft drinks for milk and natural
juices, which contain calcium. Women,
especially, may suffer, he said.
"Calcium is one of the areas they tend
to be deficient in," Anderson said, "and
they tend to draw on their skeletal struc
tures" for the needed amounts. Later in
life, they may have brittle bones because of
low calcium levels.
Another problem with many soft drinks
is caffeine. "There have been some cancers
associated with caffeine consumption,"
Anderson said, "but we don't have all the
evidence we need."
Other student favorites are doughnuts
and potato chips. South Campus residents
gobble up about 750 doughnuts each week
at Ehringhaus, Morrison, Hinton James
and Craige dormitories. Another 960vare
sold at the Fast Break.
Students snatch up 180 pounds of
potato chips in the Pine Room weekly and
180 pounds more at the Fast Break. On
South Campus, 1,957 bags of chips disap
pear during an average week.
Candy bars are also popular on South
Campus, where about 309 Snickers and
437 Hershey bars are eaten each week.
But the most popular candy is Reese's
Cups. Students buy about 594 of the
chocolate and peanut butter concoctions
in a given week. Shetley said another
$16,000 in candy tumbles through vending
Candy bars present other nutritional
problems, he said. Made mostly of sugar,
their popularity shows that some people
have sweet teeth.
But those sweet teeth could become rot
ten ones, Anderson said. People usually
buy candy bars while away from home
when they can not brush their teeth after
See JUNK on page 4
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Jack Healey, executive director of Amnesty International, spoke in Carroll Hall Wednes
Healey gives speech
to inform the public
of rights violations
By JOEL KATZENSTEIN
Human rights violations are more prevalent than ever, and it is
the goal of Amnesty International - U.S.A. to inform people of
the United States that the violations are occurring, Jack Healey,
the executive director of Amnesty International - U.S.A., said.
As a part of Human Rights Week, Healey gave the keynote ad
dress Wednesday night in Carroll Hall. He said that at least 59
countries were using torture on a daily basis and that human
rights violations continued even in the United States.
"We write about human rights violations as well as we can and
get ahold of people like you and me who will go ahead and do
something about those human rights violations that's what
we're really about," Healey said.
Amnesty International is a worldwide human rights movement
that works impartially for the release of prisoners of conscience
men and women detained anywhere for their beliefs, color, ethnic
origin, sex, religion or language, provided that they have neither
used nor advocated violence.
"Until recently, we've been a well-kept secret in the United
States," he said. "In Europe, Amnesty is the human rights strug
gle, and .in the Third World we're better known than we are in the
United States, which is an interrupting phenomena as we, the
democratic people of the United States, look out upon the world
and pride ourselves about human rights and the freedom which
we adhere to," Healey said. .
Amnesty is slowly having an effect on the torturous activities
taking place, Healey said. "We adopt 5,000 political prisoners of
conscience each year and as a result 1 ,000 prisoners are freed each
Amnesty also has telex machines that carry information to
necessary points all over the world, he said.
' To emphasize the extreme forms of torture being used by such
countries as Chile and South Africa, Healey said, "They use a
particular form of torture in Uganda. They put a rat on your
stomach and then put a pot over the top of the rat and then heat
the pot so that the only exit for the rat is through you."
South Africa, which claims to have a Judeo-Christian principle
behind its government, tortures people daily with electrical shock,
using 2,400 shock batons sold to them by the U.S. government,
"Are we not strong enough in this country to say no to the tor
ture?" he asked. "Is not our sense of democracy and decency
strong enough to withstand the fact that we don't have to sell
something to South Africa to hurt its own people?"
Amnesty attempted to Combat this by identifying political
prisoners and by trying to obtain their release. If all other
See HEALEY on page 4