i51 o rf
Fair today with highs in the
upper 50s and lows tonight
in the 40s. Saturday partly
cloudy and warmer with
highs in the upper 60s.
Go Heels! .
Carolina closes its regular
season football schedule
against the Blue Devils
Saturday at 3:45 p.m. The
game will be televised re
gionally on CBS.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1981 The Daily Tar Hed. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 95
, Friday, November 18, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BusinessAdvertising 962-1 1 63
For many reasons,
more students staying
in school extra year
By JIM YARDLEY
The fifth year senior. It is a term commonplace to college
students today as many of them are needing more than four years
to complete requirements for graduation.
From 1974 through 1978, roughly 20 percent of the entering
freshmen class took five years to graduate, according to the Office
of Records and Registration.
There are many different reasons for students to exceed the
prescribed four years of undergraduate study, said Anne Coenen,
student services manager for the College of Arts and Sciences.
Also, there are different kinds of fifth year students, she said.
She said acquiring academic eligibility to graduate was one of
the main reasons that students continued into a fifth year. Coenen
also said there could be an impetus for very bright students to stay
past their fourth year.
"I think one of the number of reasons for students staying an
extra semester or an extra year, is obtaining the 2.0 quality point
average," Coenan said. "On the other hand, very bright students
will often delay their own graduation by intentionally not taking
necessary courses so that they can stay on an extra year.
"Usually, the reason they would stay on an extra year is that
they are told their chances of getting into graduate school are bet
ter the next year," Coenen added. "Therefore, they stay in school
because they don't want a year long break between graduating
and entering graduate school."
While many students stay in school for a better chance at
graduate school, others continue in hopes of finding a better job
by graduating in December instead of May, she said.
"We've had a lot of recruiting for December graduates right
now," said Pat Carpenter, associate director of career planning
and placement services. "Obviously, a lot of accounting firms are
recruiting now for the tax season corning up. Banking, sales, and
manufacturing management are other fields recruiting on campus
But she added that she did not see much advantage in waiting
until December to graduate because most large corporate
organizations had training programs in both June and January.
Another important reason for a student to stay for a fifth year
is employment, said Elizabeth Harris, clerk-typist in the College
of Arts and Sciences.
"Students may have to work while in school; they may have a
nine- or 12-hour load instead of 15 so that they can work their
way through school," Harris said. . r ,
Harris said she was an example of someone wHo Had to support
herself while working her way through school here at the Univer
sity. "The only way I could go to school was to work," she said. "I
went to school for three years and then I stayed out for a while
and worked. In 1979, 1 began working for the College of Arts and
"Working in an academic environment inspired me to finish
my degree," Harris added. "So, in 1980, I started taking two
courses a semester while continuing to work for a living. I
graduated in June of 1983."
Aside from all beneficial reasons, some people graduate late
because of simple laziness, Harris said.
"We have some students that goof off," she said. "They don't
have any direction. They have mom and dad to support them so
they just do not apply themselves.
"They know that they have a job with the family business so
. they are in no hurry to get out."
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We Shall Overcome' w-
Pete Seeger serenades a full house at Memorial Hall with his
own special style of folk music. He and Arlo Guthrie appeared
Thursday night as part of Human Rights Week. The concert
. was sponsored by the Carolina Union. -
oviet Union rejects
Reagan arms proposal
The Associated Press
The Soviet Union rejected President Reagan's latest
arms reduction proposal, and a top Kremlin
spokesman said Thursday his country will pull out of
the Geneva talks if NATO goes ahead with deploy
ment of Pershing 2 missiles.
But in West Germany, where all 108 Pershing
missiles are to be sited, Chancellor Helmut Kohl said
the Soviets had signaled possible new concessions at
the Soviet-U.S. talks on medium-range weapons
specifically a willingness to drop their demand that
British and French nuclear arsenals be included. .
U.S. arms negotiator Paul H. Nitze met for 214
hours with Soviet delegate Yuri Kvitsinsky in Geneva,
and said the talks were continuing. Another session
was set for Wednesday.
Soviet officials were noncommital when asked at a
news conference in Moscow whether the threat to
leave the Geneva talks meant a temporary walkout or
a longer one.
Vadim Zagladin, a Communist Party Central Com
mittee official, also said deployment of U.S. medium
range missiles would have a negative impact on the
parallel talks on strategic missiles. But he did not say
whether the Soviets were threatening a walkout from
the strategic arms reduction talks as well.
In Britain, where the first shipment of cruise missiles
arrived Monday, a group of women continued their
efforts to blockade the Greenham Common U.S. Air
Force base. Police arrested five protesters, bringing to
616 the number arrested in demonstrations in Britain
British Defense Ministry officials have refused to
say how many cruise missiles have arrived, but the first
16 of 96 due to be sited there are expected by the end
of the year if there is no agreement in the arms talks.
The weapons are among 572 cruise and Pershing 2
missiles NATO plans to deploy in Europe over the
next five years to counter Soviet SS-20s aimed at
Western Europe. : : " ;.-:."i.y
In Moscow, an editorial in the party newspaper
Pravda distributed in advance by the Tass news agency
said Reagan's latest missile reduction offer is aimed at
"drowning hopes" for an agreement.
According to today's editorial, the U.S. offer is un
acceptable because it does not include British and
French missiles and would allow deployment of U.S.
Pravda said Reagan's offer would give NATO dou
ble the medium-range nuclear strength of the Soviets,
and said the offer was intended to "cover up" the ar
rival of U.S. missiles in Western Europe.
Reagan proposed an interim agreement allowing the
United States and the Soviet Union a total of 420
medium-range warheads, each.
In the last public statement by the Soviets, President
Yuri V. Andropov late last month told Pravda the
Soviets are willing to cut back to 140 medium-range
missiles, each carrying three warheads.
NATO should forego its Pershing and cruise
missiles in return, Andropov said.
He said the West already has 162 medium-range
missiles in Western Europe those belonging to Bri
tain and France. The United States rejects that argu
ment, saying those missiles are independent arsenals
not under NATO control.
But in Bonn, Kohl said, "The Soviet Union evident
ly has floated new proposals at one minute to twelve."
In an interview on West German television, Kohl
addressed rumors in Bonn that the Soviets had made a
new offer at the Geneva talks. The unconfirmed
rumors in Bonn Thursday also said the Soviets in
dicated they are willing to reduce their medium-range
arsenal to 120 triple-warhead SS-20 missiles; in other
words, 360 warheads.
Kohl did not confirm this.
West Germany is not part of the Geneva talks,
although Bonn has been kept informed by the
The country's Social Democratic Party will formally
vote against deploying new U.S. nuclear missiles in
Europe at a two-day congress opening today in
" The opposition party lacks the votes to override the
right-center coalition in a parliamentary vote next
week on stationing the missiles in Germany but hopes
to promote some last-minute opposition in Kohl's
Former leaders say Solidarity
is not silenced by martial law
Frats set alcohol policy to support new law
By ANDY HODGES
Representatives from UNC fraternities met
Wednesday night to discuss ways to remove some
of the "undeserved attention they believe they
have been receiving from local police regarding
North Carolina's new alcohol laws.
Ran Randolph, president of Delta Kappa Ep
silon, called the meeting of the Interfraternity
Council and the Fraternity Presidents Associa
tion to discuss ways in which they might
demonstrate to Chapel Hill police that they were
making an effort to stop underaged drinking.
Randolph, who said his fraternity house was
"raided" by police during a private party three or
four weeks ago, said, "We got by with some
things that others might not get by with because
we were the first ones.
"Our house has been hit and others are going
to get hit, and they're going to get nailed to the
wall unless they're prepared for it," he said.
Randolph suggested, and the group
unanimously approved, that the ifrCFPA write
a letter to the Chapel Hill police outlining
measures they would take in the future to keep
minors from being served alcohol at fraternity
functions. The measures discussed included
checking the identification of all party-goers and
stamping those who were of legal drinking age,
having fraternity members of legal age serving
alcohol to guests of legal age and having alternate
beverages available for minors.
"I almost feel like they are out to get fraterni
ties in particular," Randolph said. "Obviously, if
they look long enough and hard enough they're
going to find someone who's drinking underage;
that's just going to happen. It's going to happen
at bars and private parties, too."
IFC president Brian Hunnicutt expressed
"We are being targeted," he said. "Police are
not going to come into the dorms and they're not
going to the Rams Club members with liquor
flowing in the parking lot.
"We're the most visible," he said.
Steve Hutson, assistant dean in charge of
fraternity affairs, said he has met with members
of the Chapel Hill Police Department, including
Chief Herman Stone, and said the police were
not focusing their efforts to enforce the new laws
"They're not going after fraternities, but there
are a couple of officers who are pretty perturbed
by things they have been involved with," Hutson
said. "It's not from the top level."
Hutson said that police usually came to fra
ternity functions only when they received com
plaints, as they did with the DKE house incident,
or when they had reason to believe something il
legal was going on.
"The situation is that if you are having a
private party. . .police can't come in without
cause reasonable cause," he said. "If they can
see your window from the street and they see
someone drinking they think is underage, then
they have reasonable cause." In such cases police
would not need permission to enter the house, he
See DRINKING on page 5
Tar Heels take on Duke under the lights
By FRANK KENNEDY
Assistant Sports Editor
Look for a few milestones to be set Saturday
as the North Carolina Tar Heels and Duke Blue
Devils hook horns in Kenan Stadium.
Aside from the fact that this will be the first
UNC home game played under lights, players on
both squads will be trying to finish the 1983
season by setting some impressive statistical
Duke quarterback Ben Bennett, if allowed to
go to the air enough times, should be able to
throw for at least 246 yards and become the
NCAA Division I all-time leading passer, sur
passing the likes of Jim McMahon and John
UNC tailback Tyrone Anthony, in his final
game in Kenan Stadium, needs 169 yards to hit
the 1,000-yard plateau. If he is given the ball at
least 25-30 times, Anthony stands a solid chance
at accomplishing that feat against a Blue Devil
defense which has yielded an average of 436.5
yards per game this year. It would be the second
time in Tar Heel history that two backs have sur
passed 1 ,000 yards in a season, as tailback Ethan
Horton enters today's game with exactly 1,000.
And then there are the seniors potential All
Americans andor future pros. For UNC, offen
sive tackle Brian Blados, offensive right tackle
Joe Conwell, Anthony, defensive tackle William
Fuller, linebacker Bill Sheppard and comerback
Walter Black will play their final home game. For
Duke, Bennett, all-purpose tailback Mike
Grayson and wide receiver Mark Militello will be
playing their final game. Period.
But despite all that, is this game really all that
important? After all, UNC has slid out of the
Top 20 and is looking for a mediocre bowl bid,
and Duke has come close to not even winning a
single football game this year. So, is it that big?
"Every team has a the game and this is the
game for Duke," Blue Devil coach Steve Sloan
said this week. The game, indeed. A second
straight victory over the Tar Heels would have to
be considered a saviour in what has been a season
to forget in Durham. At this point, Sloan and
company would have to consider a 4-7 record as
something of a triumph after an 0-7 start.
But will the Tar Heels have the necessary inten
sity, or will they be as flat as they were at Virginia
Coach Dick Crum: "Playing Duke is always
incentive enough to get the players up." Crum
said that the prospect of playing in the Peach
Bowl if his team wins Saturday has had no effect
on the mental preparation.
That would seem to make a lot of sense con
sidering the attitude of the Tar Heels after the
Virginia loss, when many players suggested the
team wasn't playing well enough to even deserve
a bid. Yet, the Tar Heels finished 1982 with a
23-17 loss to the Blue Devils to fall to 7-4, but ac
cepted a Sun Bowl bid anyway. Crum said that
even if the team wanted to go to a bowl after a
Duke loss this year, he seriously doubted an in
vitation would be extended.
Interestingly, this game will probably not come
down to how many yards Bennett passes for, or
whether or not Anthony and Horton can break
through the sluggish Duke defense. 'In all
See DUKE on page 5
By KEITH BRADSHER 1
The Polish trade union Solidarity has suffered set
backs under martial law, but the idea that it
represented cannot be silenced, recently exiled
Solidarity leaders Leszek Waliszewski and Tadeusz
Kemnitz said Thursday night.
The two leaders of the outlawed union made brief
statements and answered questions at length before an
audience of about 75 people in Murphey Hall. The
event, part of Human Rights Week at UNC, was
sponsored by the Association of International
With the exception of Kemnitz's opening remarks,
both activists spoke only in Polish. John Krynski,
chairman of the Department of Slavic Languages and
literatures at Duke University, translated the discus
sion. The imposition of martial law has not destroyed the
organization of Solidarity, said Waliszewski, who was
one of the two or three most important Solidarity ac
tivists behind Lech Walesa. "There are Solidarity
structures in practically every factory," he said. "It is
still a mass movement showing the mass disaffection
of the people."
Solidarity still has 1.5 to 2 million dues-paying
members, he said. Dues are going to underground
publications and to the families of arrested Solidarity
The movement can never be completely crushed, he
said. "At the first favorable moment this will come to
the fore stronger than ever before."
Solidarity was yet another expression of national
consciousness by a nation that has enjoyed only 20
years of true independence since 1795, said
. Waliszewski. "The aspiration of the Polish people. . . -found
its expression in a great idea whose name is
Solidarity," he said. "This idea cannot be destroyed.
Almost the whole of the Polish nation is the better for
Solidarity mixes nationalism with respect for
religion and traditional values, Waliszewski said.
"Despite an enslavement that lasted about a century
and a half, Poles have always felt like a free nation.
"The communists are exploiting Poland
economically and destroying the ethical and . moral
values of the country."
Sudden economic depression, food shortages and
the character of the communist system caused the tur
moil that led to the emergence of Solidarity, Kemnitz
said. From the establishment of Solidarity in August
1980, to its suppression under martial law on Dec. 13,
1981, the most important concession the government
granted was the recognition of an independent
' Solidarity, he said.
. "We started to build an organization of 10 million
people from the widest range of social and occupa
Both of Solidarity's proposals to combat economic
depression would have ultimately led to the elimina
tion of the absolute control the communist party now
exercises over Poland, Kemnitz said. Had the union's
proposals been followed, the nation would have seen
the return of many democratic processes, he said.
Waliszewski agreed. "Solidarity's first goal was to
establish democracy, to democratize society. Solidarity
was primarily interested in majority rule."
Kemnitz said the attempt to crush Solidarity proves
that the communist system cannot be reformed. "The
only way to change it is to remove it, probably through
"Solidarity's first goal was to establish
democracy, to democratize society.
Solidarity was primarily interested in
Both activists said that Western nations should not
forget Solidarity. "We must remember that the repres
sions in Poland are fierce, even children and teen-agers
being killed, beaten, and tortured," said Waliszewski.
And the West can help the Solidarity underground
resistance movement, he said. Western nations should
send radio, printing and photography equipment to
Poland through Solidarity representatives in the
United States not through the Central Intelligence
Agency, he said.
Waliszewski was arrested the night of Dec. 13, 1981,
and held for one year and 10 days. A former worker at
a Fiat auto factory, Waliszewski became the leader of
1 .5 million unionized workers in the Polish province of
Kemwitz, also a full-time, paid activist in Silesia,
evaded arrest until January 1982, after escaping police
on Dec. 13. He served four months in a prison cell
with 15 other men before being released when he con
tracted a near-fatal kidney ailment.
The two activists encouraged members of the audi
ence to sign a petition to the United Nations. The peti
tion tells the story of seven top Solidarity leaders and
. four dissident intellectuals soon to be tried for activities
against the regime.