Variably cloudy today and
tonight. Highs in the
mid-40s. Lows tonight in the
mid-30s. Mostly cloudy
tomorrow with a 40 percent
chance of rain and highs in
the upper 40s.
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Perkins is Tops
Sam Perkins was named
ACC player of the week for
leading the Tar Heels to vic
tories, over Maryland and
Wake Forest. For details, call
Paula Brewer at 962-1163.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 112
Tuesday, January 17, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Students may find
admittance at state
By MELISSA HOLLAND
In a few short years, it may be tougher for students to gain
admittance to any of North Carolina's 16 state universities, ac
cording to the UNC Board of Governors.
Under a plan approved and recommended by the BOG plann
ing committee, high school students must complete 20 specific
units of study before they will be considered for acceptance.
There units entail four courses in college preparatory English,
three in mathematics (one in geometry, one in algebra I, and one
in algebra II), two courses in social studies (one in government
and economics and one in U.S. history), and three courses in
science (at least one in biological science, at least one in physical
science, and at least one with a laboratory).
Scheduled to take effect in 1988, the plan would replace the
current requirement of a high school diploma or its equivalent.
"What this does is for the first time establishes a minimum
admissions criteria in terms of all high school students," said
Raymond Dawson, vice president for academic affairs. "It will
define preparation by students coming in, particularly at the
These new requirements are generally in line with the recent
revamping of high school programs by the State Board of
Education and are viewed as a pioneering step in North
Carolina's public education system. Universities in the UNC
system have always regulated admissions by means of SAT
scores and proficiency tests, but the new policy is aimed at set
ting an across-the-board level of competency.
"It's such a good time to do this," BOG Chairman John Jor
dan said. "Both the schools and the public universities are
working together very well. The answer to better public educa
tion depends entirely on this cooperation."
UNC System President William C. Friday added, "This is a
nationwide phenomenon, but I think that this state has done
much more than most states. I'm proud that North Carolina has
The only concerns raised by the proposal were that the high
school may not be adequately equipped to handle such a move
and that advances made in the area of minority recruiting may
Thomas Marcy, principal of Chapel Hill High School, said he
foresaw no difficulty in adapting his school's curriculum to the
new policy. ,
"A great many of our students are already meeting or ex
ceeding these requirements; our system's as adequately prepared
as any of them," he said.
Concerning worries about decreased minority enrollment,
Friday commented, "We talked with the presidents of the
predominantly black universities in the system and received no
strong dissent from any of them." :;
"For some, it will probably take a little extra effort," said
Jordan, "but this is not the sort of thing we can do piecemeal."
"I have always known young people to fulfill admissions re
quirements, and with the (four-year) notice, I'm sure they will
continue to meet admissions requirements," added Friday.
Designers of the proposal are hoping that the stiffer re
quirements will encourage more high school students to attend
college, and at the same time force such students to be better
prepared for college-level work, thus cutting down on the need
for remedial courses in the universities.
The only task remaining would be to inform the students of
the tougher standards for admission.
"We would need to develop very specific plans to make sure
these reauirements are understood!," Dawson said, "but this is
what we really need to do."
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On your toes!
A member of Les Ballets Trockadero de Monte Carlo an all-male ensemble that
mixes ballet classics with comedy performs in Memorial Hall Monday night. They
were sponsored by the Triangle Dance Guild and the Performing Arts Committee of
the Carolina Union.
more arms talks
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan,
declaring that "1984 is a year of opportu
nities for peace," challenged the Soviet
Union on Monday to revive nuclear arms
control talks. Fears of war prompted by
harsh Soviet rhetoric, the president add
ed, are "understandable but profoundly
In an otherwise conciliatory speech,
Reagan criticized Soviet violations of
arms control agreements and the Krem
lin's handling of human rights issues. But
he stated that as a result of the military
buildup of his first three years in office,
"we are safer now."
Reagan's advisers acknowledged that
the speech was intended to dispel impres
sions of the president as "warlike" a
perception which could hurt in ah elec
The speech was given before an au
dience of top government officials and
members of Congress and delivered by
satellite in time for European evening
news broadcasts. It opened a busy two
week period for Reagan. In coming days,
he will deliver his State of the Union ad
dress, announce his political plans, and
make two out-of-town trips.
"I believe 1984 finds the United States
in its strongest position in years to estab
lish a constructive and realistic, working
relationship with the Soviet Union," the
"The opportunity for progress in arms
control exists; the Soviet leaders should
take advantage of it," he said.
Meanwhile, a senior administration of
ficial, speaking on the condition that he
not be identified by name, said that the
president continues to support research
and development for an anti-ballistic mis
sile system and that continuing funding is
Reagan said the United States' military
buildup may account for the "strident
rhetoric from the Kremlin recently."
. "These harsh words have led some to .
speak of heightened uncertainty and an
increased danger of conflict," the presi
dent said. "This is understandable, but
profoundly mistaken. Look beyond the
words, and one fact stands out:
America's deterrence is more credible and
it is making the world a safer place; safer
because now there is less danger that the
'Soviet leadership will underestimate our
strength or question our resolve.
"We must and will engage the Soviets
in a dialogue as serious and constructive
as possible, a dialogue that will serve to
promote peace in the troubled regions of
the world, reduce the level of arms, and
build a constructive working relationship.
"Our strength is necessary to deter war
and to facilitate negotiated solutions,"
Reagan said. "Soviet leaders know it
makes sense to compromise only if they
can get something in return. America
now offers something in return."
The speech occurred as Secretary of
State George P. Shultz arrived in Stock
holm, Sweden, for a meeting with Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and a
35-nation conference on easing East-West
tensions. Shultz and Gromyko plan to
meet privately Wednesday for the first
time since September.
Absent from the speech was the harsh
language that marked most of Reagan's
previous major speeches on U.S.-Soviet
relations. Nor were there any major initi
atives. Presidential representative Larry
Speakes had said the address should be
regarded more for its tone than policy
"The fact that neither of us likes the
other's system is no reason to refuse to
talk," the president said.
He reiterated his willingness to resume
negotiations with the Soviet Union to re
duce medium-range and short-range
nuclear missiles, talks that have broken
off in Geneva, Switzerland. He said that
"whenever the Soviet Union is ready to
do likewise, we will meet them halfway."
The president said that the nation's
"strength and vision of progress"
demonstrate its commitments both to
security and to solving problems peace
fully. "That is why 1984 is a year of oppor
tunities for peace," the president said.
Even before he spoke, the Soviet Union
said Reagan was making "pseudo
peaceable tirades" to cover up his
The pessimistic tone of the commen
tary by the semi-official news agency
Novosti was matched by a detailed
editorial in the Communist Party daily
Pravda that suggested there is little point
in reviving the Geneva arms talks now.
Rep. Melvin Price, D-Ill., chairman of
the House Armed Service Committee,
said he thought the speech was "great"
and that it "touched on the major things
people are thinking about." He added,
"I don't think you could say there was
anything new in it."
Rep. Les Aspin, D-Wis., said the
speech stated the president's "willingness
to continue the dialogue and to open the
"But he obviously wants to do it on his
own terms. He's not backing off of pre
vious positions," Aspin said.
Closed jury questioning
upheld by federal panel
The Associated Press -
CHARLOTTE A federal court
panel Monday upheld secret jury
questioning in the trial of nine Ku
Klux Klansmen and Nazis facing civil
rights charges in the 1979 shooting
deaths . of five anti-Klan demon
strators. A three-judge panel of the 4th U.S.
Court of Appeals upheld U.S. District
Judge Thomas A. Flannery's decision
to close the courtroom during jury
selection at the Winston-Salem trial.
Attorneys for the eight state news
papers said they will appeal that ruling
to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Representatives for the newspapers
said their lawyers would be directed to
ask Chief Justice Warren E. Burger of
the U.S. Supreme Court Tuesday to
grant an emergency stay preventing
Jury selection was to begin behind
closed doors Tuesday morning..
The newspapers appealing the de
cision are The Charlotte Observer and
The Charlotte News; The News and
Observer of Raleigh and The Raleigh
Times; the Greensboro Daily News
and The Greensboro Record; and the
Winston-Salem Journal and The Sen
tinel of Winston-Salem.
H. Hugh Stevens, an attorney for
The News and Observer and The
Raleigh Times, said the decision to
seek an emergency stay from Burger
was "simply asking the chief justice to
exercise his emergency powers to let us
back in the courtroom before this jury
selection procedure ends."
The appeals court panel took about
an hour to reach the decision after
hearing arguments from attorneys
representing eight North Carolina
newspapers, which asked that the jury
selection process by opened.
The attorneys told the appeals court
judges that the history of openness in
trial proceedings should be preserved
in the jury selection for the Klansmen
"There is, we think, a constitu
tional and historical presumption of
openness of trials and openness of
jury selection"," said Richard W. Ellis
of Raleigh, one of the newspapers' at
torneys. "It's important and vital to
ensure the integrity of the process
while it is going on."
One of the three judges on the
panel, Francis D. Murnaghan of
Baltimore, asked Ellis how he intend
ed to keep prospective jurors from
finding out about, sensitive questions
Flannery has been asking in secret.
The jurors' knowledge of the ques
tions could affect the outcome of the
trial, Murnaghan said. Ellis admitted
Murnaghan asked again, "How are
you going to keep that information
from people if it's spread all over the
Ellis said he was disappointed by
the decision. "My experience and the
experience of other attorneys is that
closing the jury selection process is
unusual," he said.
Stevens suggested Flannery could
mail an order to prospective jurors
telling them not to follow the trial in
the media and that that warning
should be sufficient.
Attorneys for the prosecution and
the defense both told the appeals
judges they supported secret jury
It is not unusual for trial judges to
ask sensitive questions of prospective
jurors in private, said Frank D. Allen
Jr., a U.S. Justice Department at
torney. Jim D. Cooley, one of the nine
defense attorneys, said there was no
clear-cut evidence that prospective
jurors would be prejudiced by pretrial
publicity but that possibility was like
ly. Although the U.S. Supreme Court
has ruled that the criminal trial itself
cannot be closed, the issue is less clear
See KLAN on page 3
9 8 2-9 83 'Yack' to arrive here by mid-March
By BEN PERKOWSKI
The 1982-83 Yackety Yack was finally sent to the pub
lishers Monday and should be ready for students.by mid
March, according to Editor Danny Kester.
Kester said the yearbook was behind schedule because
of some problems with the final prints and staff short
ages. He added that the predicted budget of $110,000
had to be shaved to $60,000 and the number of pages
shortened because of the low number of sales.
Kester, a senior from Goldsboro, said, "Barring any
major difficulties, the distribution should be some time
right after Spring Break. We haven't decided on a loca
About 2,200 students have ordered the $14 book, and
there will be extras for those who still have not ordered,
he said. Students who want the book and have not
ordered it should sign up at the Yackety Yack office in
Senior Peter Krogh, photography editor and produc-
Evening with the Professors
tion manager, said the '82-'83 edition "will be shorter,
but as good in every way as the '81-'82 edition which
won an award as one of the top 10 college yearbooks in
the country." Krogh was photo editor for that edition as
The award was given by Printing Industries of
America and is considered the most important award of
its kind by the publishing community, Krogh said.
Krogh added that he hoped to make the '82-' 83 edi
tion "more accessible to the average Carolina student
without sacrificing the depth that the Yack is known for.
"The aesthetic aspect of the layout and pictures allows
someone to look at the book many times and see some
thing different each time," he said.
Krogh explained that one of the biggest problems the
Yack had in the past was a lack of involvement from the
University community. "Organizations need to make
the effort to get represented in the Yack because it is very
hard for us to find out what all the groups are doing
without their help," he said.
He added that the Yack encouraged students to come
by the office and apply for positions on the staff or even
submit photos. "We want the Yack to be a document of
the entire University with as much student involvement
as possible," he said.
Lisa Granberry, editor for the 1983-84 edition, said
that while sales were still slow, everything was going fair
ly smoothly on this year's edition.
"Students can come by the Yack office and order now
or send in the subscription card that will be sent out to
every student sortie time in February," she said.
She said the book would be $15 and should be out by
November 1984. "Each year that the book comes out
late hurts the sales of the following year's book because
students want to check it out before ordering," she said.
Granberry added that the predicted budget was
$114,000 but that the budget would depend on how
many students ordered. Eighty percent of the budget
must be generated by the Yack through sales and
patrons, and the size of the book will be a direct result of
the number of sales, she explained.
Students meet faculty informally
By HEATHER HAY
For the second time this school year,
students and faculty members will have
the opportunity to gather for an evening
of informal discussion sponsored by the
Special Projects Committee r of the
"An Evening with the Professors, Part
II," is a continuation similar in format to
an event that took place last semester, ac
cording to Jon Reckford, the function's
coordinator. The approximately 300
students and 45 faculty members who
participated last semester met in pro
fessors' homes and discussed ways of im
proving faculty-student interaction. This
semester a variety of topics will be
discussed, Reckford said.
"This is a good chance for students
who would ordinarily feel intimidated to
get a chance to talk to a professor in a
relaxed setting," he added. Students will
yisit the participating professors in their
homes on Feb. 5 from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Sign-up sheets will be available in the Pit
from Jan. 30 to Feb. 3, Reckford said.
Dr. Dennis Appleyard, associate pro
fessor of economics, participated last
semester and said he intended to par
ticipate again. "You get to see students
outside the classroom in a relaxed, infor
mal setting," Appleyard said. "At a
university of this size, there's not the
identification between professors and
students that there would be at a small
liberal arts college." -
"We had an excellent discussion last
time," said Chancellor Christopher C.
Fordham III, who participated last
semester. "I'm enthusiastic about conti-.
nuing the effort. I definitely think that
it's important to have more faculty
student interaction outside the classroom.
We. have such an exciting faculty and
such an exciting student body that 1 think
the benefits of interaction work both
Other projects designed to increase in
teraction between students and faculty
are being considered by the Special Pro
jects Committee, Reckford said. Plans in
clude a retreat involving faculty, students
and administration to discuss ways of im
proving curricular and extracurricular in
teraction, he said. The committee is also
considering putting together a faculty
record containing professor's pictures
and brief biogrpahies including the pro
fessors' academic accomplishments, hob
bies and interests. "A faculty record
would enable students to find out a little
bit more about their professors, which
would make them seem a little more ac
cessible," Reckford said.
Other plans include making the newly
renovated dining areas in Lenoir Hall a
focal point for socializing between
students and professors, he said.
"Students and professors met often for
coffee and doughnuts in Lenoir until the
food service workers strike in '69,"
Reckford said. "Then, the food service
moved to Lenoir's basement, which is
smaller and not as conducive to mingling
between students and professors."
1 no dining service has expanded to in
clude the first floor of Lenoir; which has
some small conference rooms and areas
that could be partitioned off if a pro-
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lessor wanted to meet a class for lunch,
Reckford said the committee would
also like to coordinate two lunches a week
for faculty advisers to meet with their ad
visees. Plans also include a coffee hour in
Lenoir for students and professors to
trvei and a scries of bag lunches, he added.