Cloudy today with a 60 per
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tomorrow and highs in the
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Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Hed. All right reserved.
Women beat Wake
The UNC women's basket
ball team, ranked 18th in the
nation, defeated Wake
Forest, 77-71 Tuesday night
f 1 1 r r 1 1
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 118
Wednesday, January 25, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
Associate professor of political science Lars Schoultz (left) criticizes the Kissinger Commission report and Ambassador-at-large
Otto Reich defends President Reagan's policy on Central America.
Professor, ambassador debateKissinger -report
By THAD OGBURN
The way for the United States to maintain its world
credibility is to help the countries of Central America
without entering into a military struggle with the
Soviet Union, a UNC political science professor said
Lars Schoultz, associate professor of political
science, spoke during a debate on the recent Kissinger
Commission report on Central America.ilheXJnited
States has learned much about Latin America in the
last few decades and must do more than what the
Kissinger Commission has proposed, he said.
Schoultz debated the commission's report with
Otto Reich, an ambassador-at-large for the Reagan
administration. The event, held before about 300
people in Carroll Hall, was monitored by Jose
Siman, a former resident of El Salvador and a
visiting professor in the UNC School of Medicine.
"I really can't comment on the Kissinger Com
mission report as such because the President hasn't
commented yet," Reich said. However, he did list
the main problems that are present in Central
The commission, in its Jan. 11 report, recom
mended a five-year, $8 billion program of economic
aid for Central America. But economic and military
aid should be made contingent on the Reagan ad
ministration's certification of progress in human
rights, the report said.
Poverty is the basic social and economic problem
in the region, Reich said.
"The gaps between the rich and the poor still re
main much too wide," he said. "In too many cases,
the power has been concentrated in very, very few
Reich also cited a lack of political freedom and
demographic and cultural factors as other major
problems of the region. He said external pressures
such as the influence of Cuba were the source of
much turmoil in Latin America.
Schoultz disagreed, however, saying that Cuba
should be seen as much more than a surrogate of the
Soviet Union. The problems of turmoil stem from
the fragility of Central American governments, he
"The government of El Salvador is fragile because
many don't support it," Schoultz said. "The govern
ment will never defeat the insurgents because they
don't have the support of the people behind them."
Schoultz drew applause when he said the struggle
in Central America should not be a struggle against
communism. He said the U.S. government must not
be concerned with socialists in Latin America coun
tries. "I see a few socialists here today," Schoultz said,
proving his point that socialists wouldn't necessarily
cause problems. "I know they were able to infiltrate
(the auditorium) almost effortlessly."
Schoultz also warned that the United States should
not view the situation in El Salvador as it did Viet
nam. He said Latin America was of no value except
as symbolism to the United States, much as Vietnam
The Reagan policy toward Central America
focuses on four different themes according to Reich:
politics, economics, militarism and diplomacy. He
talked at length about the Reagan economic policy
and its emphasis on land reform. He said the land
reform had worked more than people have heard
about from news reports.
"Much of the attention is focused on the bad
news," Reich said. "Good news doesn't sell news
papers." Reich said the Reagan policy toward Central
America would work, given adequate time and re
sources. "It is going to take a little longer than a '60
Minutes' program on television. Unfortunately the
American people aren't very patient," he said.
Schoultz, who went over the alloted 30-minute
speaking time, ended his remarks by saying that the
Reagan policy of expecting Salvadorean leaders to in
itiate human rights reforms was akin to asking a
pyromaniac to become a firefighter.
Schoultz received much support from the pre
dominatly student audience, who at times hissed and
laughed at Reich.
Siman spoke after the two debaters, saying that the
credibility gap concerning Central America grows
larger every day.
The debate was part of a teach-in sponsored by the
Chapel Hill Emergency Response Network, a group
seeking to mobilize the people of Carrboro and
Chapel Hill about the issues of Central America. The
teach-in also included a series of workshops on
aspects of the Latin American crisis and a potluck
dinner. Carl Pletsch, an assistant professor in the
history department, introduced the debaters.
Exum to run
By DICK ANDERSON
James Exum, a junior industrial rela
tions major from Charlotte, has an
nounced his candidacy for student body
"I believe that Student Government
must be the true forum through which the
needs of students can be met, and that the
issues students face must be addressed,"
Exum said. "We need a student body
president who has experience, who has
displayed the ability to get the job done,
who relates to the needs of the student
body, and who is committed to improv
ing student government and thus our
university. James Exum is the man for
If elected, Exum said he would im
mediately appoint three executive
assistants and a chief of staff. "The chief
of staff will serve as an administrative aid
to me as president," he said. "The ex
ecutive assistants will head three basic
areas through which the government will
address (the issues)."
One such area is government relations,
which would handle matters such as
registering students to vote, increases in
out-of-state tuition and any changes in
financial aid, Exum said. "It will monitor
the changes in state government that af-
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON Consumer prices,
restrained by across-the-board modera
tion, rose a modest 3.8 percent last year
to give the economy its best performance
since 1972, the Labor Department said
Just three years ago, prices had soared
12.4 percent. They rose 8.9 percent in
1981 and 3.9 percent in 1982.
Helping to restrain the 1983 increase
was the lowest rise in medical costs in a
decade, 6.4 percent; a 2.7 percent rise in
food costs, the lowest since 1976; and a
0.5 percent decline in energy prices.
Last month, prices overall rose 0.3 per
cent, the same as in November.
President Reagan's chief economist,
Martin Feldstein, hailed the economy's
performance as "outstanding" and noted
that, unlike 1972, inflation "was low
without price controls."
Other analysts said they expected prices
to behave just as well this year.
One consultant, Michael Evans, said,
"It's great if we can keep it up. I think we
can do as well in 1984."
Another, Ted Gibson of Crocker Na
tional Bank in San Francisco, said
"We've seen no noticeable pickup in in
flation." As for energy prices, the department
said home heating oil costs were off a
sharp 10.9 percent last year, their steepest
plunge since 1945. In 1982, those prices
had fallen just 0.7 percent.
Gasoline prices fell 1.6 percent to put
them 9.1 percent below their peak of
March 1981. Prices had tumbled 6.6 per
cent in 1982.
Natural gas prices rose 5.2 percent, vir
tually one-fifth their 25.4 percent gain of
the previous year.
Looking at food prices, department
analysts said beef and veal costs fell 1.6
percent last year. Pork prices plunged 11
percent, their sharpest decline since 1976.
Egg prices, however, soared 35.7 percent
and poultry prices rose 10.2 percent.
Prices for fruits and vegetables were up
:5.4 percent, i
Overall, the consumer price rise last
year was the best full-year figure since the
3.4 percent recorded in 1971 and 1972,
when wage and price controls were in ef
fect. The department also said average
weekly earnings, after adjustments for
rising prices, climbed 2.5 percent a
substantial improvement over the 0.5 per
cent gain of 1982.
American workers average gross
weekly earnings, before adjustment for
seasonal factors and inflation, totaled
$289.68 in December, compared with
$273.70 a year earlier, the department
Tuesday's report , was the second one
offering good news on the economy in
the last two weeks. On Jan.. 13, the
department announced that wholesale
prices rose only 0.6 percent last year, the
slowest gain since 1964.
Price changes that show up in the
wholesale price measure are a good
barometer of how food, energy and other
prices will move at the retail level. The
retail price index, though, monitors prices
for a broader range of goods and ser
vices, including medical care and hous
ing. Analysts attribute the bright price pic
ture of last year to the lingering effects of
the 1981-82 recession, which has helped
hold down increases in labor costs and led
to improved worker productivity.
A strengthened dollar, which makes
foreign goods less expensive than
American products, also helped prevent a
surge in prices, they said.
As for other components of the Con
sumer Price Index, the department
Overall transportation costs rose 3.9
percent last year. In December alone,
they were up 0.3 percent. Prices for used
cars skyrocketed 14.4 percent last year and
were up 0.6 percent in December. New
car prices jumped 3.4 percent in 1983 and
edged up 0.1 percent last month.
Clothing prices rose 2.9 percent for
the year but fell 0. 1 percent in December.
Housing costs rose 3.5 percent last
year and 0.2 percent in December.
Homeowners' costs were up 4.5 percent
while renters' expense were up 5. 1 percent
of the year.
Entertainment expenses gained 3.9
percent for 1983 but only 0.1 percent in
Last month's 0.3 percent advance mat
ched November's rate. Prices rose 0.5
'percent irt September and 0.4 percent in .
All the changes are adjusted for normal
If last month's 0.3 percent increase
held steady for 12 straight months, the
yearly advance would be 3.2 percent. The
annual rate reported by the department is
based on a more precise calculation of
monthly prices than the figure made
In all, the Consumer Price Index stood
at 303.5 in December, meaning that
goods costing $10 in 1967 would have
costs $30.35 last month.
A companion index, the Consumer
Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers, rose 3.3 percent last
year. In December alone, it was up 0.2
percent. This index is widely used is
calculating cost-of-living increases in col
lective bargaining contracts and govern
ment benefit programs.
UNC surgeon also teaches Wolfe seminar
Exum said also that the creation of a
department of student affairs would ex
plore issues of great concern to students,
such as high textbook costs. "We will
better attempt to communicate with the
student body and implement a system
whereby the accomplishments of my ad
ministration will be visible to the
students," he said.
Exum said he plans to revive and ex
pand the Carolina Course Review as one
of his goals in the area of faculty and ad
ministration. Such a guide, he said,
would be a useful tool for student input
into future tenure situations like the
David Garrow decision.
s Exum said he did not see the issue of
future telephone service in dormitories as
a campaign issue because University
Housing was planning to submit its pro
posal on the matter to the office of Stu
dent Affairs Jan. 31 two weeks before
elections. "That is an issue that should be
handled right now," he said.
Exum, student body vice president and
Campus Governing Council speaker, also
has held positions with the Black Student
Movement and on numerous other committees.
By KATHY NORCROSS
Editor's Note: This is the first in a weekly series of
stories about several UNC faculty members.
What do the research of bone diseases, Thomas
Wolfe, ankle injuries, tennis tournaments, book collec
ting and joint replacement have in common? Dr. Frank
"I suppose this reflects my emphasis on a balanced
' life," Wilson said.
As chairman of UNC's division of orthopedics for the
last 17 years, Wilson has numerous commitments in the
medical field. He teaches classes for second- and third
year medical students and gives seminars for fourth-year
"The practice of orthopedics deals with the medical
and surgical management of musculoskeletal diseases
and disorders," Wilson said. This includes the areas
of sports medicine, pediatric orthopedics and arthritis
surgery, among other things.
His special field is joint replacement, but he is also in
terested in injuries and infections of bones and joints.
Most of his patient-care activities and research interests
involve managing arthritic disorders.
A native Georgian, Wilson attended Vanderbilt
University in Tennessee as an undergraduate and then
returned to the University of Georgia for medical school.
He completed his residency in orthopedic surgery at Col
umbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York "City,
but in 1964 he decided he preferred the South.
"After eight years in New York, I had had enough ex
haust fumes and asphalt," he said. "Chapel Hill seemed
like an ideal spot."
Three years ago Wilson mentioned to Doris Betts,
who was the dean of the honors program, that it was a
shame no one was teaching Thomas Wolfe at the time.
Wolfe was probably the most prominent literary
graduate from the University, he told Betts. Betts agreed
that a course was needed and suggested Wilson teach it.
When he received the request form to teach the
course, he almost rejected it, but. decided that if he
organized his time, he could do it.
"I encountered Wolfe in college, and he hit me with
such impact at that time that he made an indelible
mark," Wilson said. "I think he has a real message for
young people; I think this is the time a student should be
exposed to Wolfe."
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Dr. Frank Wilson, in addition to being chief
seminar on the works of Thomas Wolfe.
Because of the depth of the material and because he
was not a designated authority on Wolfe, Wilson did not
think many students would sign up for the course. He
Greg Talbott, a senior biology major who will be
entering medical school next year, was a member of
Wilson's first class.
"That was a terrific course," Talbott said. "He, being
a physician and teaching a literature course, was really
impressive. He made me appreciate and especially enjoy
a literature course and a pretty intense one at that."
OTHLori L. Thomas
of orthopedic surgery, teaches a popular
Wilson said, "I suppose it's a rather demanding
course. We read 300 to 400 pages a week. Wolfe is not
always easy to read, but those who finish it achieve a
depth of learning not usually found in college
sophomores, most of whose educational efforts have
been horizontally directed."
Talbott said the reading was his refuge from the
numerous textbooks he has been required to read; he has
even re-read some of Wolfe's works.
See WILSON on page 2