Highs today around 60 with
lows tonight dipping to 30.
Tomorrow will be fair with
temperatures in the upper
Today Is the last day to drop
a class or to declare a class
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
CopyriRht 1984 The Dailv Tar Heel. AD rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 137
Tuesday, February 21, 1984 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Parker, Exum, face off in student body president runoff today
By BEN PERKOWSKI
James Exum and Paul Parker face each other today in a
runoff for student body president.
Both candidates said they have worked hard this last week of
the campaign and await the final decision of the voters.
Runoffs will also be held between the ticket of Scott Wierman
and Sally Pistole and the ticket of Steve Fetter and Laquetta
Robinson in the senior class president race and between Barbara
Mason and Thomas Kepley in the senior class treasurer race. In
Campus Governing Council races Steve Reinhard and Doug
Berger will be in a runoff in District 1, and John Reed and Beth
McPherson will be in a runoff in District 6.
The polling sites, which will be the same as last Tuesday's, will
be open from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m., said Elections Board Chairman
Andy Sutherland. Sutherland added that he felt the turnout
would not be as great as last Tuesday because of confusion con
cerning runoffs. "We are battling against the mind-set of the
students that there is not going to be a runoff, but there definite
ly is a runoff," he said.
The Student Supreme Court has issued an injunction preven
ting a runoff in the race for Daily Tar Heel editor until it can
hear an appeal from candidate Jeff Hiday. Hiday was dis
qualified by the Elections Board for submitting a campaign
spending report late. The court is expected to hear Hiday's ap
peal Friday. The injunction does not affect the other runoffs.
James Exum said that he could have used more time for the
runoff campaign but that he felt he was gaining momentum.
"I could see that people are really starting to see the dif
ferences between Paul and myself, and I tried to clarify those
differences this past week," Exum said. "We are very much
ready to have the voters decide who will be the next student
Paul Parker, who received 2,156 votes to Exum's 1,307 in the
first election, said that he feels students are tired of the cam
paign and might not feel the need to come back out and vote.
"I just hope the students realize there is a runoff and come
out and vote," Parker said. "The process is much less
democratic if there is a low turnout. There will be less of a feel
for what the students really want," he said.
Exum said he has spent the past week going door-to-door in
some areas he had not reached before. "I think it will be a dif
ferent story in the runoff," iie said.
When asked how his campaign strategy has changed this past
week as opposed to the first campaign, Exum replied, "I tried to
be a little more specific in what student government will be don
ing under my administration. I hoped to get away from the
rhetoric and move more toward specifics so voters will have a
clear choice between Paul and myself."
Parker said he did not change his strategy at all this past
week. "I didn't concentrate on any specific place; I just went all
over campus and tried to see as many students as I could," he
Parker added that he felt voter turnout would be the key in
today's runoff and that he found many students don't realize
that there is a runoff today. "My biggest fear is that people will
not come out and vote because they think I've already wdn since
I had the most votes the first time," he said.
I'm anxious and confident, but not overconfident, because
that is the easiest way to lose an election," Parker said.
Exum also felt that voter turnout might be low. "I expect a
large Exum turnout, but I don't expect a large overall turnout; it
could very easily be less than 20 percent," he said.
Both Steve Fetter and Scott Wierman, candidates for senior
class president, voiced similar concerns over low voter turnout.
. "I don't foresee the same turnout as last election because
much of the incentive to get out and vote is gone," Wierman
Wierman said the extra time has helped him and his running
mate, Sally Pistole, find their weaknesses and put up additional
posters. "I feel it is important to our campaign that we get a
large cross section of voters out to the polls," he said.
Steve Fetter said that the runoff did not receive adequate
publicity and that a poor turnout could make the election go
either way. "Voter turnout is going to decide it all," he said.
Fetter added that he and his ranning mate, Laquetta Robin
son, have spent the last week trying to increase their visibility
and win over voters in weak areas. "I'm somewhat anxious
because of the problems with a runoff," he said. "-.
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Seven-year-old Tomasz Kutner takes advantage of the nice weather in Carrboro Community Park to try to play tennis for the first time.
Tomasz, whose father is temporarily doing research for UNC, came to America from Poland.almost a year ago.j
Chernenko's policy shifts expected to be slight
By KEITH BRADSHER
The selection of Konstantin Chernenko to replace the
late. Yuri Andropov as leader of the Soviet Union will
cause a period of only minimal change in that country's
policies, experts in Soviet studies said last week.
"Chernenko I see as superconservative," said Robert
Rupen, a UNC professor of political science specializing
in Soviet affairs. "Nothing's going to happen with him
Critically needed economic reforms, which would re
quire the replacement of many Communist Party
bureaucrats, are unlikely to be implemented under
Chernenko, who rose to power through friendships
formed administrating the party itself. Military inter
ventions aboard are unlikely as Chernenko focuses his
energies on consolidating his grip on power.
The replacement of Andropov with Chernenko, 72,
may not end maneuverings for the next succession.
"It is unlikely that he will be able to stay in power
more than, at the maximum, six or seven years," said
James Leutze, UNC history professor and chairman of
the curriculum in peace, war, and defense.
"We're going to have another succession crisis in a
few years," Rupen said. "It's built into this business of
working with 7Q-year-olds."
Important in each succession are the sectors ot soviet
society represented in the ruling Politburo in par
ticular the military, heavy industry and the party bureau
cracy, Rupen said. "Our influence is almost certainly
marginal rather than critical."
Ambitious members of the Communist Party still at
tain power through fierce competition, Rupen said.
"You kill rivals, rough, tough, knife in the back. It's a
tough system, mafia-like. (Chernenko) came up through
"He's in that age group that came up through the
Stalin system. He's probably gotten rid of rivals."
The choice of the aged Chernenko instead of such
younger Politburo members as Mikhail Gorbachev, 52,
and Grigory Romanov, 61 indicates that men of
Leonid Brezhnev's generation are not yet willing to relin
quish power. "It just shows this tremendous resistance
to changing and accepting young people," Rupen said.
Romanov's prestige in the next few months may pro
vide a clue to the willingness of Soviet leaders to attempt
to reform the country's structure, Rupen said.
"Romanov would be the key to watch."
Gorbachev has at least a reputation in the West as the
Politburo member most willing to contemplate serious
economic reform. Appointed secretary of agriculture in
1978, his control expanded to consumer goods and,
under Andropov, the bulk of the economy.
Almost a decade younger than any other member of
the Politburo, Gorbachev is too young to have had his
college education interrupted by World War II. "Gor
bachev seems to represent better-educated people more
willing to face problems and deal with them rather than
pushing them under the rug," Rupen said.
The reported choice of Gorbachev as the No. 2 man in
the Kremlin may indicate Chernenko needed the support
of those interested in reform. Chernenko himself, having
reached the top through the party bureaucracy, is not
thought to be ready to replace supportive party officials
with technocrats able to engineer critically needed
reforms in the stagnant economy.
"Sooner or later someone is going to have to do
something innovative and creative," Leutze said.
The longer reforms are delayed, the more drastic those
reforms will have to be, Rupen said. "Revolutionary
change along with nuclear weapons scares me."
Chernenko may not be vigorous enough to work hard
enough to push through reforms. "It takes energy to in
itiate reforms," said Andrew Scott, UNC professor of
political science. "And it's hard to see that a 72-year-old
man will have enough (energy)."
Soviet foreign policy probably will not be dramatically
affected by the change in leaders, as policy is generally
decided collectively by the entire Politburo.
"We think that the policy of Jhe Soviet Union will re
main unchanged," said Zhang Wenjin, the Chinese am-
See SOVIET on page 5
Gubernatorial candidate Ingram
urges lower insurance,
By TOM CONLON
Fourth in a series on candidates for
Democratic gubernatorial candidate
John Ingram, drawing on his experience
as N.CT insurance commissioner, pro
mises to do all he can to keep insurance
and utility rates down.
It's become the centerpiece of the In
gram campaign. At a Feb. 11 fund
raising event at MacGregor Downs Coun
try Club in Cary, Ingram told supporters
something they've heard the candidate
speak on before the need for an elected
utilities commission. The citizens of
North Carolina, then, would have more
to say about increasing public utility rates
if Ingram were elected, he said.
Three weeks earlier, Ingram spoke on
the need for an elected utilities commis
sion at a forum on the UNC campus.
"The people are fed up with waste by
the utility commissions, fed up with un
fair rates and fed up with an appointed
utilities commission," he said. "A lot of
laws need to be changed that will allow
for greater competition among utility
companies to help keep our rates low."
Ingram said that up until last year, in
surance companies kept North Carolina's
small-business people from getting any
real .competition in rates. As insurance
commissioner, Ingram said his office
worked to get laws changed and was suc
cessful in getting discount rates in
worker's compensation rates for business
"I will fight to see that telephone rates
don't increase any more than they just
have," he said. "Students are concerned
about the 46 percent increase in their tele
phone bills, because they have to pay
them. Seven increases in the past ten
years is too much one of which was
over 80 percent."
Ingram said there would be no increase
in automobile insurance during 1984 and
that there would be a small reduction for
those carrying physical damage and
liability coverage insurance. "Because of
John Ingram, you will not get an increase
in your automobile insurance this year,"
he said. "If you do, you should call the
consumer hotline at 1-800-662-7777."
As a state legislator in the early 1970s,
Ingram said he fought to get auto in
surance rates for drivers under age 25
equal to those over 25 if their driving
records were clean. "After December 1,
1977, a student under 25 who would have
paid $240 for liability insurance only paid
$70 with a safe record I didn't give up
fighting for you," Ingram said.
"In the early 1970s, a convicted DUI
(driving under the influence) driver had
cheaper rates than a driver under 25 with
a clear record. I changed that."
A graduate of the UNC undergraduate
and graduate programs in business ad
ministration, Ingram said his business ex
perience has helped him fight for lower
rates and understand the needs of busi
nessmen. "My business experience and
record as insurance commissioner makes
me the most qualified candidate for
governor," he said.
Ingram, an Asheboro native and the
first Democrat ever elected to the state
Senate district of Randolph and Mont
gomery Counties, played a key role in the
early 1970s in getting voting rights ex
tended to 18-year-olds. Ingram, elected in
1968, served two two-year terms in the
Senate. Ingram was elected insurance
commissioner in 1972 and unsuccessfully
challenged U.S. Senator Jesse Helms for
his seat in 1978.
Ingram has proposed a citizens referen
dum on the Equal Rights Amendment,
should the issue come before the General
Assembly in the future. Although he does
not support abortion, he said the poor
should be entitled to state funding if the
rich can afford to have abouiom them
selves. Teachers' pay should be raised to be
among the highest in the nation but
should be based on cost of living in North
Carolina, he said. Ingram has also sup
ported legislation for stricter hazardous
At the MacGregor Downs fund-raising
event, Ingram said that while current
polls show him in third or fourth place, a
personal poll of "one of the front-runners
in the race shows John Ingram in the
lead." He dismissed the validity of the
. statewide polls, telling the group to work
hard and that their efforts would make
him the next governor in 1984.
The Associated Press
DES MOINES, Iowa Former Vice
President Walter F. Mondale outpaced
the field Monday night in early results
from Iowa's Democratic caucuses a
keynote contest in the quest for nomina
tion to challenge President Reagan.
The major television networks all said
their projections . showed Mondale an
easy victor in the leadoff contest of the
Democratic presidential race, a result that
would validate his front-runner creden
tials heading into the primary elections.
With 9 percent of the 2,495 precinct
caucuses reporting, Mondale had 3,457
votes, or 51 percent of the total.
Mondale was the unanimous choice of
politicians and pollsters to finish well
ahead of the field. Anything less would
be a devastating blow to the former vice
president's quest for the White House.
The Democratic caucuses were ex
pected to attract nearly 100,000 people to
register their presidential preference in
.meetings-convened in living rooms,
schoolhouses and fire stations.
The balance of the vote was divided
eight ways, among Mondale's seven rival
candidates and the voters who preferred
to remain uncommitted.
Sen. Gary Hart of Colorado 891 or 13
Former Sen. George McGovern of
South Dakota 658 or 10 percent.
Uncommitted 542 or 8 percent.
Sen. Alan Cranston of California 481,
Sen. John Glenn of Ohio 365, 5 per
cent. Former Gov. Reubin Askew of Florida
246, 4 percent.
The Rev. Jesse Jackson 173, 2 percent.
Sen. Ernest F. Hollings of South
Hours before the Democrats gathered,
Reagan campaigned in two Iowa cities
against the would-be challengers he ac
cused of thinking like dinosaurs. He was
unopposed in Republican caucuses.
Glenn, Cranston and Hart were
thought to be the leading candidates for
second place; McGovern and Askew also
campaigned hard here and hoped for a
surprise. Hollings and Jackson spent only
a few hours campaigning in Iowa.
The Democrats had the stage to them
selves until Reagan decided to make a
caucus day visit to Waterloo and Des
Moines that spokesman Larry Speakes
described as "political start to finish."
In Des Moines, Reagan said the "can
didates in the other party have already
laid out a strategy of promising every
thing to everybody."
Hart called Reagan's trip a "political
cheap shot." Glenn said it was "so
blatantly political that it was a little
beneath the dignity of the president."
For the Democrats, Iowa was the first
opportunity rank-and-file voters had to
tell their preference for the nomination.
They would do it in each of the state's
precincts with a public declaration in
front of friends and neighbors.
The caucuses were only the first step in
a process that moves through county and
congressional district conventions and
ends at Republican and Democratic state
conventions in June. Voters in the pre
cincts were choosing delegates to county
conventions next spring.
A candidate had to obtain at least 15
pefoent oi thejvotejat A caucus to receive
anyclelegates. People whose Favorite was
below that threshhold could support an
alternate choice or declaring themselves
Iowa will send 58 delegates to the
Democratic National Convention next
July in San Francisco and 37 to the
Republican convention in August in
Dallas. A candidate needs 1,967 delegate
votes for the Democratic nomination.
Two states, Michigan and Arkansas,
already have chosen 106 Reagan delegates
to the GOP convention.
The first Democratic delegates were
164 House members, chosen by their col
leagues. Mondale had the support of at
least 70 and Glenn was second with 17.
An Iowa poll published Monday in the
Des Moines Register said the president's
approval rating had dropped to 40 per
cent, the lowest in the state since he took
office. Of the 1,003 adults surveyed last
week 43 percent disapproved of Reagan's
performance in office.
The poll also said Mondale was leading
Reagan 53 to 39 in the state, while Glenn
was ahead of the president by a margin of
50 to 39.
The poll was done near the close of a
barrage of anti-Reagan rhetoric by the
various Democratic presidential candidates.
Apartment waiting lists
grow as UNC lottery nears
By SALLY SMITH
Although the University residence hall
lottery is still almost a week away, many
" apartments complexes in Chapel Hill and
Carrboro have started waiting lists for
their summer and fall semester openings.
To get on a waiting list, students
generally have to fill out an application.
, Some apartments require that you pay an
application fee, but many do not.
Pat Monish, manager of Bolinwood
Apartments, said their waiting list started
Feb 1. "We had a line that morning."
At Bolinwood, Monish said, an ap
plication must be filled out. A fee,
however, is not charged, and a deposit is
not required until an apartment is open,
"As soon as they (students) know they
are closed out, get to those apartments,"
Monish said. She recommended getting
on several apartments lists, if a fee is not
charged, and keeping in contact with the
managers. "If they (apartments hunters)
keep at the manager, they will get in."
Monish said 75 percent of the people
on Bolinwood's list and already in the
apartments are students.
Applicants' are given a number so that
know where they stand, Monish said.
When an apartment is open they will be
called, she said.
Star Storey, manager of Foxcroft
Apartments, said Foxcroft also has peo
ple on a waiting list. Twelve people have
signed for August openings, and six have
applied for June, she said. .
Foxcroft requires each person to fill
out an application and pay a $25 non
refundable application fee, Storey said.
Only in cases where an apartment is not
available will the money be returned, she
The majority of those people moving
out, Storey said, will leave in May.
However, most students want to move in
during August, Storey said Foxcroft may
consider running some kind of special for
June and July. y
Lori Underwood of Carolina Apart
ments said the Carrboro apartment com
plex had a long waiting list but would not
comment on the waiting list procedures.
After the lottery on Feb. 27, the
university housing office will offer an off
campus seminar March 1 at 6 p.m., said
Ruth Blalock, off-campus housing coor
"The Southern Part of Heaven," a
housing guide to Chapel Hill and Carr
boro published annually by the Student
Consumer Action Union, should be
ready in time for the housing seminar,
said editor Kathy Bragg.
See HOUSING on page 2