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Copyright 1987 The Daiy Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 94, Issue 127
Wednesday, January 28, 1987
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
The Southeast Compact Commis
sion began deciding the future of
radioactive waste repositories and of
states that won't support them in a
meeting Tuesday in the Radisson
Hotel in Raleigh.
The commission, made up of eight
states, designates waste sites for
common use. Last September it
decided to put the next site in North
Carolina by January 1992. The state
threatened to withdraw after being
chosen, but eventually agreed to stay
in as long as certain terms are met.
Those conditions include estab
lishing sanctions against states that
try to pull out of the compact.
"On balance, it was a good meet
ing," said William Briner, one of
North Carolina's delegates to the
commission and associate professor
of radiology at Duke University.
"You can never be completely
satisfied," he said. "I thought we
made some progress."
Two representatives from each
state attended the meeting, except
for Virginia representatives.
Delegates decided to retain legal
counsel to advise them on sanctions
against states trying to pull out of
the compact, Briner said. They also
will review the designation process
of host states for the sites, he said.
Briner said the N.C. delegates
thought identifying a host for waste
sites should be a continuous process.
Within six months to a year, the
commission will decide whether the
criteria used to pick North Carolina
should be used to choose the next
state, Briner said. Within 18 months
to three years, the next site should
be designated, he said. The selection
should be completed before con
struction of the N.C. site begins.
The next site will be the second
or third host state, depending on
whether the N.C. General Assembly
decides to pull out of the compact,
I here is some urgency to it, he
said, because the legislature will want
to know whether the process will be
the same as that by which North
Carolina was chosen.
The disposal facility must be built
in North Carolina by January 1992,
when the current South Carolina site
finishes its term. The N.C. site will
be used for 20 years, or until it
reaches 32 million cubic feet, which
isn't expected to happen, Briner said.
The agreement to build it in North
Carolina was met with controversy
as N.C. delegates threatened to pull
out of the compact in September
1986. If the state had pulled out, it
still would have had to build its own
site for radioactive waste.
Subcommittees have met to decide
on sanctions for members who try
to pull out when it comes their turn
to host a waste site, Briner said. The
threat of having to build its own
waste site keeps states in the com
pact, members said.
Briner said some possibilities for
sanctions included the following:
setting a specifid date beyond which
no state may withdraw; setting up
an account to which all member
SBP9 senior class president candidates put best foot
By JEAN LUTES
Assistant University Editor
Candidates for student body
president were asked Tuesday to
answer the following question:
What makes you different from
the other candidates running for
student body president?
David Brady said he had demon
strated more desire to be student
body president than the other can
didates. "I've taken the time to talk
to people," he said. "I make an effort
and go door to door."
Brady said his will to win was
obvious, since he's running for the
second time: "I think that desire is
very important, to show students
that I care."
Keith Cooper said he was different
from other candidates because he
didn't want to use student govern
ment as a "vehicle to advance my
own personal ambitions."
An egghead . . . stands firmly on both feet in
Bruce Hornsby plays his accordian and sings with The Range to a
sold-out Memorial Hall audience Tuesday night
states will contribute until their term
comes, and if it won't sponsor a site,
depleting the money from the fund;
and placing a penalty charge on
generators in the states that
"We're treading in very murky
waters as far as the legality of this
is concerned ... that's why we're
getting legal counsel," Briner said.
The compact must established sanc
tions because the members never
know how a state will respond if it
is selected, he said.
"You need some assurance that
down the road, some of the states
that haven't been using it won't all
of a sudden drop out, and cause
more than heartburn in this state,"
Gov. Jim Martin supports North
Carolina's remaining in the compact,
so long as there is a requirement that
other states remain as well, said Tim
Pittman, Martin's press secretary.
He also wants to see a tax schedule
put in place to generate revenue for
the host state, Pittman said.
North Carolina's second delegate,
George Miller, could not be reached
"Student Government for years
and years has been under the control
of power-hungry fraternities and
elitists," he said. "I have a clearly
defined list of goals, and I have no
conflict of interest because of my
Cooper questions the sincerity of
the other candidates who belong to
fraternities, because they want to use
student government for their own
Mark Gunter said that although
most of the campaign issues were the
same for each candidate, he planned
to use a lot of committees to find
out what student needs are and how
to serve them.
H' i i I
Foreign policy control shifts
By CHRIS CHAPMAN
' The lack of strict constitutional
guidance has led to conflicts between
the president and Congress over the
proper administration of foreign
policy, Ole Holsti told about 250
people in Hanes Art Center Audi
torium Tuesday night.
Holsti spoke about "The Consti
tution and Foreign Policy: The Role
of Law in Foreign Studies," the first
speech of the Great Decisions '87
"The Constitution does not spell
out in tremendous detail who should
run foreign policy," said Holsti, a
political science professor at Duke
Since the beginning of World War
II, every President has taken an
expansive role in foreign policy,
pushing the Constitution to its limits,
The trend began with President
Franklin D. Roosevelt, who traded
destroyers with Great Britain for
"I have a lot of newer ideas
centered around student needs,"
Gunter said. "By initiating different
programs to deal with student needs,
I feel I would be most effective in
dealing with them."
Because he has lived close to the
campus for so many years, Gunter
said he was more in touch than the
other candidates with how the
University had progressed and where
it needed to go.
Gordon Hill said nothing made
him different except the concrete
solutions he offers to solve specific
problems for students. "I'm just a
student like everybody else," he said.
"Students need to see that a student
body president is just like them."
One of Hill's proposals is to form
a cooperative day-care program for
students needing financial aid.
"People want answers, and this is
what we're going to give them."
of Iranian arums
By JEANNIE FARIS
Assistant State & National Editor
President Ronald Reagan said
Tuesday night that although he
believed he had acted to secure
worldwide freedom, his one major
regret was his inability to successfully
contact Iran and secure the release
of American hostages.
"1 took a risk with regard to our
action in Iran," he said in his sixth
annual State of the Union address
to both houses of Congress. "It did
not work, and for that I assume full
Reagan said he thought the goals
were worthy of action.
"Certainly it was not wrong to try
to secure freedom for our citizens
held in barbaric captivity," he said.
"But we did not achieve what we
wished, and serious mistakes were
made in trying to do so."
After vowing to get to the bottom
of the diversion of the Iranian arms
money to Nicaraguan Contras,
Reagan urged the nation to look
beyond the present scandal.
"Let it never be said of this
Haurt attacks education cote
By JIM ZOOK
DURHAM Calling education
"the key to the 21st century for
America," Democratic presidential
contender Gary Hart introduced a
massive educational reform package
Tuesday that is touted as one of the
centerpieces of his campaign for the
"Our national government must
recapture our historic role of using
education to meet the challenges of
economic and social change," Hart
told a capacity audience of more
than 1,200 at Duke University's Page
Hart's plan contains recommen
dations that would affect every phase
leases on Caribbean naval bases
without Congressional approval,
Holsti said. Examples of this exec
utive action in the Reagan admin
istration include the dispatch of
troops to Lebanon and Grenada, as
well as the recent Iran-Contra affair.
The executive branch has also
shifted its foreign policy-making
apparatus from the State Depart
ment to the White House, Holsti
said. This began under the auspices
of Secretary of State Henry Kis
senger. "On the key foreign policy initi
atives of the Nixon administration,
such as SALT I, the Vietnam nego
tiations, detente and the opening of
China, things were done out of the
White House to the point that the
senior officials at State (Department)
had little to do," Holsti said.
This shift in foreign policy-making
Personal contact would be impor
tant in Hill's work as student body
president, he said. "I'm a student,
and I want to be myself and I
want to encourage others to be
Jaye Sitton said her experience
with Student Government distin
guished her from her opponents.
"Having been speaker of Student
Congress and vice president of the
student body for the last year, I've
seen Student Government in action.
I know what it's doing right and IH
be able to build on that success."
Also, Sitton said she could avoid
the shortcomings of past administra
tions and waste less energy dealing
with the bureaucratic part of the job.
"I won't lose myself in meetings,"
she said. "I won't have to spend
.several months learning the job. I
think that's key."
Brian Bailey said he's the only
mid-air on both
generation of Americans that we
became so obsessed with failure that
we refused to take risks that could
further the cause of peace and
freedom in the world," he said.
In the traditional opposition-party
response to Reagan's speech, Major
ity Leader Sen. Robert Byrd, D
W.Va., said, "The recent dealing
with Iran cast a long shadow over
this country. It raises real doubts
about competence. Government
without trust is government without
After initial remarks about the
Iran arms sales, Reagan's speech
focused on his agenda for his
remaining two years in office.
He said within the past five years,
the Soviet government had trans
ferred $75 billion in weapons to
client states, including Angola,
Nicaragua and Syria. He said Con
gress had cut $85 billion in his
defense budget in the last three years.
"There is no surer way to lose our
freedom than to lose our resolve,"
Reagan said. "The brave people of
Afghanistan are showing that
resolve. Here especially the world is
Student loans cut
a national volunteer effort to
B more federal funds for grants
and loans to college students;
B competency tests and higher pay
for teachers, and;
B more partnerships between pub
lic and private entities, (such as
UNC's project with Glaxo, Inc., a
Research' Triangle pharmaceutical
While President Reagan was
telling the nation during his State of
the Union address that he seeks
quality education, Hart berated the
president for seeking cuts in federal
resulted in the strengthening of the
National Security Council, he said.
"In 1981, Alexander Haig became
Secretary of State," he said. "He
presented a memorandum to Pres
ident Reagan that would have made
Haig 'vicar' of foreign policy. Rea
gan's other staffers were unwilling to
go along with this, and within a year,
Haig was gone."
The Congress has also engaged in
foreign policy activity beyond the
strict definitions of the Constitution,
Congress often holds investiga
tions which are not mentioned in the
Constitution, Holsti said.
Holsti cited congressional com
mittees such as the one which
investigated the Pearl Harbor sur
prise attack in 1941 and Sen. Joseph
McCarthy's efforts to investigate the
State Department in the early 1950s.
"Senator McCarthy's rather indis
criminate investigations led to the
removal of many of our China
experts in the 1950s, so that 20 years
candidate who wanted to de
politicize student government, using
the office of student body president
to work on issues students think are
important, not issues he and his
assistants come up with.
"Nobody is going around asking
students how they feel," Bailey said.
"We need to tell the administration
how students feel. All that we're
doing right now is sitting up in an
Student Body President Bryan
Hassel won his campaign last year
based on "student empowerment,"
Bailey said, but such empowerment
requires more than getting the
administration to listen to Student
Government. "The administration
will never listen to Student Govern
ment until we listen to the students
first," he said.
At a forum Monday in Mclver
Residence Hall, Brady answered a
sides of an issue. -
waiting to see how this nation
Reagan said his stand against
communism in Central America is
a tradition among U.S. presidents.
"John F. Kennedy made it clear
that communist domination in this
hemisphere can never be negotiated.
Some in this Congress choose to
depart from this historical commit
ment, but 1 do not," he said.
Byrd said the Democratic major
ity of Congress wanted to work with
"When Congress and the president
do not work together, the nation's
business goes undone. Government
is at its best when Congress and the
president hitch themselves to the
same wagon and pull together," he
Reagan issued a warning to Con
gress saying he would not tolerate
interference with his foreign policy
"I must tell you ... 1 will veto
any effort that undercuts our
national security and our negotiating
leverage," he said.
"Precisely at the time when we
most need a strong national com
mitment to education, our govern
ment preaches passivity and retreat,"
Hart also took a jab at the
president's commitment to defense
spending and the Strategic Defense
Initiative, questioning the funding
priority those areas receive over
"Instead of a Strategic Defense
Initiative to initiate an arms race in
space, why not empower generations
of tomorrow with a Strategic Invest
ment Initiative to prepare students
See HART page 3
later, when these people should have
been our senior China experts, they
weren't there," he said.
"There is no simple formula as to
the proper division of authority
between the legislative and executive
branches," he said.
question about where he sat in the
Smith Center for the UNC N.C.
State basketball game.
Brady, who has promised to work
with the Educational Foundation to
get students better seats for basket
ball games if he is elected, had
described his seats for the State game
as being in the "nosebleed" section.
When asked about reports that he
sat behind the team in section 109
for the game, Brady said he was
misunderstood. "I was trying to
explain the situation for the majority
of students," he said. "I'm sorry I
Brady said he sat in the upper
level "buffer zone" of the Smith
Center for all except two of this
year's basketball games.
Also at the forum, candidates for
senior class president and vice
See ISSUES page 2